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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Frequently Asked Questions

Other Releases
Washington, DC
December 1, 2006


What are conflict diamonds?
Conflict diamonds are diamonds used by rebel movements or their allies to finance conflict aimed at undermining legitimate governments.

What is the Kimberley Process?
The Kimberley Process is an international certification scheme that regulates the trade in rough diamonds. Its aim is to prevent the trade in conflict diamonds, while helping to protect the legitimate trade in rough diamonds.

Which countries are Kimberley Process participants?
For a current complete list of Kimberley Process participants, go to

When do I need a Kimberley Process Certificate?
Rough diamonds (Harmonized Code 7102.10, 7102.21 and 7102.31) exported from the U.S. must be accompanied by a Kimberley Process Certificate issued by a U.S. Kimberley Process Authority licensee.


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