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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

U.S.-Peru Air Transport Agreement of June 10, 1998


June 10, 1998

   
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TRANSPORT AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF PERU

The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Peru (hereinafter, "the Parties") ;

Desiring to promote an international aviation system based on competition among airlines in the marketplace with minimum government interference and regulation ;

 Desiring to facilitate the expansion of international air transport opportunities ;

Desiring to make it possible for airlines to offer the traveling and shipping public a variety of service options at the lowest prices that are not discriminatory and do not represent abuse of a dominant position, and wishing to encourage individual airlines to develop and implement innovative and competitive prices ;

Desiring to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transport and reaffirming their grave concern about acts or threats against the security of aircraft, which jeopardize the safety of persons or property, adversely affect the operation of air transportation, and undermine public confidence in the safety of civil aviation ;

and Being Parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on December 7, 1944 ;

Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1

Definitions

For the purposes of this Agreement, unless otherwise stated, the term :

1 . "Aeronautical authorities" means, in the case of the United States, the Department of Transportation, or its successor, and in the case of Peru, the Ministry of Transportation and Telecommunications, Housing and Construction through the Directorate General of Air Transport, and any person or agency authorized to perform the functions exercised by the said organizations; "Agreement" means this Agreement, its Annexes, and any amendments thereto ;

3 ."Air transportation" means the public carriage by aircraft of passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail, separately or in combination, for remuneration or hire;

4. "Convention" means the Convention on International Civil Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on December 7, 1944, and includes : A. Any amendment that has entered into force under Article 94(a) of the Convention and has been ratified by both Parties, and B. Any Annex or any amendment thereto adopted under Article 90 of the Convention, insofar as such Annex or amendment is at any given time effective for both Parties ;

5. "Designated airline" means an airline designated and authorized in accordance with Article 3 of this Agreement ;

6. "Full cost" means the cost of providing service plus a reasonable charge for administrative overhead ;

7. "International air transportation" means air transportation that passes through the airspace over the territory of more than one State;

8. "Price" means any fare, rate or charge for the carriage of passengers (and their baggage) and/or cargo (excluding mail) in air transportation charged by airlines, including their agents, and the conditions governing the availability of such fare, rate or charge;

9. "Stop for non-traffic purposes" means a landing for any purpose other than taking on or discharging passengers, baggage, cargo and/or mail in air transportation ;

10. "Territory' means the land areas and adjacent waters under the sovereignty, jurisdiction, protection, or trusteeship of a Party, in conformance with the respective Constitution and/or laws of each Party; and

11 . "User charge" means a charge imposed on airlines for the provision of airport, air navigation, or aviation security facilities or services including related services and facilities.

ARTICLE 2

 Grant of Riahts

1 . Each Party grants to the other Party the following rights for the conduct of international air transportation by the airlines of the other Party :
A. The right to fly across its territory without landing ; Off
B.The right to make stops in its territory for non-traffic purposes ; and
C. The rights otherwise specified in this Agreement. Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to confer on the airline or airlines of one Party the rights to take on board, in the territory of the other Party, passengers, their baggage, cargo, or mail carried for compensation and destined for another point in the territory of that other Party.

ARTICLE 3

Designation and Authorization

Each Party shall have the right to designate as many airlines as it wishes to conduct international air transportation in accordance with this Agreement and to withdraw or alter such designations. Such designations shall be transmitted to the other Party in writing through diplomatic channels, and shall identify whether the airline is authorized to conduct the type of air transportation specified in Annex I or in Annex II or both. On receipt of such a designation, and of applications from the designated airline, in the form and manner prescribed for operating authorizations and technical permissions, the other Party shall grant appropriate authorizations and permissions with minimum procedural delay, provided :
A. Substantial ownership and effective control of that airline are vested in the Party designating the airline, nationals of that Party, or both ;
B. The designated airline is qualified to meet the conditions prescribed under the laws, rules, and regulations normally applied to the operation of international air transportation by the Party considering the application or applications ; and
C. The Party designating the airline is maintaining and administering the standards set forth in Article 6 (Safety) and Article 7 (Aviation Security) .

ARTICLE 4

 Revocation of Authorization

Either Party may revoke, suspend or limit the operating authorizations or technical permissions of an airline designated by the other Party where: Substantial ownership and effective control of that airline are not vested in the other Party, the Party's nationals, or both;
B. That airline has failed to comply with the laws, rules, and regulations referred to in Article 5 (Application of Laws) of this Agreement; or C. The other Party is not maintaining or not administering the standards as set forth in Article 6 (Safety) .

2 . Unless immediate action is essential to prevent further noncompliance with subparagraphs 1 b or 1 c of this Article, the rights established by this Article shall be exercised only after consultation with the other Party .

3 . This Article does not limit the rights of either Party to withhold, revoke, limit or impose conditions on the operating authorization or technical permission of an airline or airlines of the other Party in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 (Aviation Security).

ARTICLE 5

Application of Laws

1 . While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one Party, its laws, rules, and regulations relating to the operation and navigation of aircraft shall be complied with by the other Party's airlines .

2 . While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one Party, its laws, rules, and regulations relating to the admission to or departure from its territory of passengers, crew or cargo on aircraft (including regulations relating to entry, clearance, aviation security, immigration, passports, customs and quarantine or, in the case of mail, postal regulations) shall be complied with by, or on behalf of, such passengers, crew I or cargo of the other Party's airlines.

ARTICLE 6

 Safe

1 . Each Party shall recognize as valid, for the purpose of operating the air transportation provided for in this Agreement, certificates of airworthiness, certificates of competency, and licenses issued or validated by the other Party and still in force, provided that the requirements for such certificates or licenses at least equal the minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the Convention . Each Party may, however, refuse to recognize as valid for the purpose of flight above its own territory, certificates of competency and licenses granted to or validated for its own nationals by the other Party .
Either Party may request consultations concerning the safety standards maintained by the other Party relating to aeronautical facilities, aircrews, aircraft, and operationof the designated airlines. If, following such consultations, one Party finds that the other Party does not effectively maintain or administer safety standards and requirements in these areas that at least equal the minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the Convention, the other Party shall be notified of such findings and the steps considered necessary to conform with these minimum standards, and the other Party shall take appropriate corrective action . Each Party reserves the right to withhold, revoke, or limit the operating authorization or technical permission of an airline or airlines designated by the other Party in the event the other Party does not take such appropriate corrective action within areasonable time.

ARTICLE 7

Aviation Security

In accordance with their rights and obligations under international law, the Parties reaffirm that their obligation to each other to protect the security of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference forms an integral part of this Agreement. Without limiting the generality of their rights and obligations under international law, the Parties shall in particular act in conformity with the provisions of the Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on September 14, 1963, the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on December 16, 1970, and the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal on September 23, 1971, and the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, done at Montreal on February 24, 1988 . The Parties shall provide upon request all necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful seizure of civil aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety of such aircraft, of their passengers and crew, and of airports and air navigation facilities, and to address any other threat to the security of civil air navigation . The Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act in conformity with the aviation security standards and appropriate recommended practices established by the International Civil Aviation Organization and designated as Annexes to the Convention; they shall require that operators of aircraft of their registry, operators ofaircraft who have their principal place of business or permanent residence in their territory, and the operators of airports in their territory act in conformity with such iation security provisions .

4.
Each Party agrees to observe the security provisions required by the other Party for entry into, for departure from, and while within the territory of that other Party and to take adequate measures to protect aircraft and to inspect passengers, crew, and their baggage and carry-on items, as well as cargo and aircraft stores, prior to and during boarding or loading. Each Party shall also give positive consideration to any request from the other Party for special security measures to meet a particular threat.

5. When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful seizure of aircraft or other unlawful acts against the safety of passengers, crew, aircraft, airports or air navigation facilities occurs, the Parties shall assist each other by facilitating communications and other appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely such incident or threat .

6. When a Party has reasonable grounds to believe that the other Party has departed from the aviation security provisions of this Article, the aeronautical authorities of that Party may request immediate consultations with the aeronautical authorities of the other Party. Failure to reach a satisfactory agreement within 15 days from the dateofsuch request shall constitute grounds to withhold, revoke, limit, or impose conditions on the operating authorization and technical permissions of an airline or airlines of that Party. When required by an emergency, a Party may take interim action prior to the expiry of 15 days.

ARTICLE 8

Commercial Opportunities

1 . The airlines of each Party shall have the right to establish offices in the territory of the other Party for the promotion and sale of air transportation services .

2 . The designated airlines of each Party shall be entitled, in accordance with the laws, rules, and regulations of the other Party relating to entry, residence, and employment, to bring in and maintain in the territory of the other Party managerial, sales, technical, operational, and other specialist staff required for the provision of air transportation services .

3 . Each designated airline shall have the right to perform its own ground-handling in the territory of the other Party ("self-handling") or, at its option, select among competing agents for such services in whole or in part . The rights shall be subject only to physical constraints resulting from considerations of airport safety . Where such considerations preclude self-handling, ground services shall be available on an equal basis to all airlines; charges shall be based on the costs of services provided ; and such services shall be comparable to the kind and quality of services as if self-handling were possible. i

4.Any airline of each Party may engage in the sale of air transportation services in the territory of the other Party directly and, at the airline's discretion, through its agents, except as may be specifically provided by the charter regulations of the country in which the charter originates that relate to the protection of passenger funds, and passenger cancellation and refund rights . Each airline shall have the right to sell such transportation, and any person shall be free to purchase such -transportation, in the currency of that territory or in freely convertible currencies .

5. Each airline shall have the right to convert and remit to its country, on demand, local revenues in excess of sums locally disbursed. Conversion and remittance shall be permitted promptly without restrictions or taxation in respect thereof at the rate of exchange applicable to current transactions and remittance on the date the carrier makes the initial application for remittance .

6. The airlines of each Party shall be permitted to pay for local expenses, including purchases of fuel, in the territory of the other Party in local currency . At their discretion, the airlines of each Party may pay for such expenses in the territory of the other Party in freely convertible currencies according to local currency regulation.

7. In operating or holding out the authorized services on the agreed routes, any designated airline of one Party may enter into cooperative marketing arrangements such as blocked-space, code-sharing or leasing arrangements, with A) An airline or airlines of either Party ; and B) An airline or airlines of a third country, provided that such third country authorizes or allows comparable arrangements between the airlines of the other Party and other airlines on services to, from and via such third country ; provided that all airlines in such arrangements (1) hold the appropriate authority and (2) meet the requirements normally applied to such arrangements.

8. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, airlines and indirect providers of cargo transportation of both Parties shall be permitted, without Irestriction, to employ in connection with international air transportation'any surface transportation for cargo to or from any points in the territories of the Parties or in third countries, including transport to and from all airports with customs facilities, and including, where applicable, the right to transport cargo in bond under applicable laws, rules, and regulations. Such cargo, whether moving by surface or by air, shall have access to airport customs processing and facilities . Airlines may elect to perform their own surface transportation or to provide it through arrangements with other surface carriers, including surface transportation operated by other airlines and indirect providers of cargo air transportation . Such intermodal cargo services may be offered at a single, through price for the air and surface tr nsportation combined, provided that shippers are not misled as to a facts ncerning such transportation.

ARTICLE 9

Customs Duties and Charqes

1 . On arriving in the territory of one Party, aircraft operated in international air transportation by the designated airlines of the other Party, their regular equipment, ground equipment, fuel, lubricants, consumable technical supplies, spare parts (including engines), aircraft stores (including but not limited to such items of food, beverages and liquor, tobacco and other products destined for sale to or use by passengers in limited quantities during flight), and other items intended for or used solely in connection with the operation or servicing of aircraft engaged in international air transportation shall be exempt, according to the customs procedures and regulations of the Party granting the exemption on the basis of reciprocity, from all import restrictions, property taxes and capital levies, customs duties, excise taxes, and similar fees and charges that are (1) imposed by the national authorities, and (2) not based on the cost of services provided, Provided that such equipment and supplies remain on board the aircraft.

2 . There shall also be exempt, according to the customs procedures and regulations of the Party granting the exemption, on the basis of reciprocity, from the taxes, levies, duties, fees and charges referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, with the exception of charges based on the cost of the service provided :
A. Aircraft stores introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these stores are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board ;
B. Ground equipment and spare parts (including engines) introduced into the territory of a Party for the servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft of an airline of the other Party used in international air transportation ;
C. Fuel, lubricants and consumable technical supplies introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Party for use in an aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these supplies are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board; and
D. Promotional and advertising materials introduced into or supplied in the territory of one Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these stores are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the territory of the Party in which they are taken on board.

3 . Equipment and supplies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article may be required to be kept under the supervision or control of the appropriate authorities .

4. The exemptions provided by this Article shall also be available where the designated airlines of one Party have contracted with another airline, which similarly enjoys such exemptions from the other Party, for the loan or transfer in the territory of the other Party of the items specified in paragraphs I and 2 of this Article .

ARTICLE 10

User Charges

User charges that may be imposed by the competent charging authorities or bodies of each Party on the airlines of the other Party shall be just, reasonable, not unjustly discriminatory, and equitably apportioned among categories of users. In any event, any such user charges shall be assessed on the airlines of the other Party on terms not less favorable than the most favorable terms available to any other airline at the time the charges are assessed . User charges imposed on the airlines of the other Party may reflect, but shall not exceed, the full cost to the competent charging authorities or bodies of providing the appropriate airport, airport environmental, air navigation, and aviation security facilities and services at the airport or within the airport system . Such full cost may include a reasonable return on assets, after depreciation . Facilities and services for which charges are made shall be provided on an efficient and economic basis . Each Party shall encourage consultations between the competent charging authorities or bodies in its territory and the airlines using the services and facilities, and shall encourage the competent charging authorities or bodies and the airlines to exchange such information as may be necessary to permit an accurate review of the reasonableness of the charges in accordance with the principles of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article. Each Party shall encourage the competent charging authorities to provide users with reasonable notice of any proposal for changes in user charges to enable users to express their views before changes are made . Neither Party shall be held, in dispute resolution procedures pursuant to Article 14, to be in breach of a provision of this Article, unless (1) it fails to undertake a review of the charge or practice that is the subject of complaint by the other Party within a reasonable amount of time; or (2) following such a review it fails to take all steps within its power to remedy any charge or practice that is inconsistent with this Article.

ARTICLE 11 

Fair Competition

1 . Each Party shall allow a fair and equal opportunity for the designated airlines of both Parties to compete in providing the international air transportation governed by this Agreement.

2 . Each Party shall allow each designated airline to determine the frequency and capacity of the international air transportation it offers based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Consistent with this right, neither Party shall unilaterally limit the volume of traffic, frequency or regularity of service, or the aircraft type or types operated by the designated airlines of the other Party, except as may be required for customs, technical, operational, or environmental reasons under uniform conditions consistent with Article 15 of the Convention .

3 . Neither Party shall impose on the other Party's designated airlines a first-refusal requirement, uplift ratio, no-objection fee, or any other requirement with respect to capacity, frequency or traffic that would be inconsistent with the purposes of this Agreement.

4. Neither Party shall require the filing of schedules, programs for charter flights, or operational plans by airlines of the other Party for approval, except as may be required on a non-discriminatory basis to enforce the uniform conditions foreseen by paragraph 2 of this Article or as may be specifically authorized in an Annex to this Agreement. If a Party requires filings for information purposes, it shall minimize the administrative burdens of filing requirements and procedures on air transportation intermediaries and on designated airlines of the other Party .

ARTICLE 12

Pricing

1 . Each Party shall allow prices for air transportation to be established by each designated airline based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace . Intervention by the Parties shall be limited to :

A. prevention of unreasonably discriminatory prices or practices ;

B. protection of consumers from prices that are unreasonably high or restrictive due to the abuse of a dominant position ; and C. protection of airlines from prices that are artificially low due to direct or indirect governmental subsidy or support .

Each Party may require notification to or filing with its aeronautical authorities of prices to be charged to or from its territory by airlines of the other Party . Notification or filing by the airlines of both Parties may be required no more than 30 days before the proposed date of effectiveness. In individual cases, notification or filing may be permitted on shorter notice than normally required . Each designated airline may implement matching prices upon one day's notice. Neither Party shall require the notification or filing by airlines of the other Party of prices charged by charterers to the public, except as may be required on a non-discriminatory basis for information purposes. Neither Party shall take unilateral action to prevent the inauguration or continuation of a price proposed to be charged or charged by (1) an airline of either Party for international air transportation between the territories of the Parties, or (2) an airline of one Party for international air transportation between the territory of the other Party and any other country, including in both cases transportation on an interline or intraline basis. If either Party believes that any such price is inconsistent with the considerations set forth in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall request consultations and notify the other Party of the reasons for its dissatisfaction as soon as possible . These consultations shall be held not later than 30 days after receipt of the request, and the Parties shall cooperate in securing information necessary for reasoned resolution of the issue. If the Parties reach agreement with respect to a price for which a notice of dissatisfaction has been given, each Party shall use its best efforts to put that agreement into effect . Without such mutual agreement, the price shall go into effect or continue in effect.

ARTICLE 13

Consultations

Either Party may, at any time, request through diplomatic channels, consultations relating to this Agreement. Such consultations shall begin at the earliest possible date, but not later than 60 days from the date the other Party receives the request unless otherwise agreed. If the requesting Party considers that immediate consultations are necessary to avoid imminent and irreparable harm to its airline or airlines, such consultations may begin within 30 days from the date the other Party receives the request .

ARTICLE 14

Settlement of Disputes

1. Any dispute arising under this Agreement, except those that may arise under paragraph 3 of Article 12 (Pricing), that is not resolved by a first round of formal consultations may be referred by agreement of the Parties for decision to some person or body. If the Parties do not so agree, the dispute shall, at the request of either Party, be submitted to arbitration in accordance with the procedures set forth below.

2 . Arbitration shall be by a tribunal of three arbitrators to be constituted as follows :
A. Within 30 days after the receipt of a request for arbitration, each Party shall name one arbitrator. Within 60 days after these two arbitrators have been named, they shall by agreement appoint a third arbitrator, who shall act as President of the arbitral tribunal;
B. If either Party fails to name an arbitrator, or if the third arbitrator is not appointed in accordance with subparagraph a of this paragraph, either Party may request the President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization to appoint the necessary arbitrator or arbitrators within 30 days . If the President of the Council is of the same nationality as one of the Parties, the most senior Vice President who is not disqualified on that ground shall make the appointment.

3 . Except as otherwise agreed, the arbitral tribunal shall determine the limits of its jurisdiction in accordance with this Agreement and shall establish its own procedural rules. The tribunal, once formed, may recommend interim relief measures pending its final determination . At the direction of the tribunal or at the request of either of the Parties, a conference to determine the precise issues to be arbitrated and the specific procedures to be followed shall be held not later than 15 days after the tribunal is fully constituted .

4. Except as otherwise agreed or as directed by the tribunal, each Party shall submit a memorandum within 45 days of the time the tribunal is fully constituted . Replies shall be due 60 days later. The tribunal shall hold a hearing at the request of either Party or on its own initiative within 15 days after replies are due .

5. The tribunal shall attempt to render a written decision within 30 days after completion of the hearing or, if no hearing is held, after the date both replies are submitted. The decision of the majority of the tribunal shall prevail .

6. The Parties may submit requests for clarification of the decision within 15 days after it is rendered and any clarification given shall be issued within 15 days of such request.

7. Each Party shall, to the degree consistent with its national law, give full effect to any decision or award of the arbitral tribunal .

The expenses of the arbitral tribunal, including the fees and expenses of the arbitrators, shall be shared equally by the Parties . Any expenses incurred by the President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization in connection with the procedures of paragraph 2 .b. of this Article shall be considered to be part of the expenses of the arbitral tribunal .

ARTICLE 15

Termination

Either Party may, at any time, give notice in writing to the other Party of its decision to terminate this Agreement Such notice shall be sent simultaneously to the International Civil Aviation Organization. This Agreement shall terminate at midnight (at the place of receipt of the notice to the other Party) immediatelyy before the first anniversary of the date of receipt of the notice by the other Party, unless the notice is withdrawn by agreement of the Parties before the end of this period .

ARTICLE 16

Reqistration with ICAO

This Agreement and all amendments thereto shall be registered with the International Civil Aviation Organization .

ARTICLE 17

Entry into Force

 This Agreement, including Annex I (Scheduled Air Transportation), Annex II (Charter Air Transportation), Annex III (Principles of Non-Discrimination Within and Competition Among Computer Reservation Systems), and Annex IV (Transitional Provisions), shall enter into force upon an exchange of diplomatic notes following the completion of all necessary internal procedures of each of the Parties . Notwithstanding the above, the aeronautical authorities of the United States of America and the Republic of Peru shall authorize operations consistent with the terms of the Agreement upon signature. Upon entry into force, this Agreement shall supersede the Air Transport Services Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government t e R public of Peru of December 16, 1986, as amended and extende5,

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement. DONE AT LIMA, this tenth day of June, 1998, in duplicate, in the English and Spanish languages, each text being equally authentic .

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF PERU:

FOR THE GOVE-ENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

ANNEX I

Scheduled Air Transportation

Section 1

Routes Airlines of each Party designated under this Annex shall, in accordance with the terms of their designation, be entitled to perform scheduled international air transportation between points on the following routes: A Routes for the airline or airlines designated by the Government of the United States :

1 . From points behind the United States via the United States and intermediate points to a point or points in Peru and beyond .

2 . For all-cargo service or services, between Peru and any point or points .
B. Routes for the airline or airlines designated by the Government of Peru :

1 . From points behind Peru via Peru and intermediate points to a point or points in the United States and beyond.

2 . For all-cargo service or services, between the United States and any point or points.

Section 2

Operational Flexibility, Each designated airline may, on any or all flights and at its option :

1 . Operate flights in either or both directions ;

2 . Combine different flight numbers within one aircraft operation;

3 . Serve behind, intermediate, and beyond points and points in the territories of the Parties on the route in any combination and in any order ;

4. Omit stops at any point or points;

5. Transfer traffic from any of its aircraft to any of its other aircraft at any point on the routes; and I'

6. Serve points behind any point in its territory with or without change of aircraft or flight number and may hold out and advertise such services to the public as through services ; without directional or geographic limitation and without loss of any right to carry traffic otherwise permissible under this Agreement ; provided that, with the exception of all-cargo services, the service serves a point in the territory of the Party designating the airline .

Section 3

Change of Gauge

On any segment or segments of the routes above, any designated airline may perform international air transportation without any limitation as to change, at any point on the route, in type or number of aircraft operated;pprovided that, with the exception of all-cargo services, in the outbound direction, the transportation beyond such point is a continuation of the transportation from the territory of the Party that has designated the airline and, in the inbound direction, the transportation to the territory of the Party that has designated the airline is a continuation of the transportation from beyond such point.

ANNEX II

CharterAirTransportation

Section 1

Airlines of each Party designated under this Annex shall, in accordance with the terms of their designation, have the right to carry international charter traffic of passengers (and their accompanying baggage) and/or cargo separately or in combination, regardless of whether the traffic originates in one or more places or comes from one or more sources, and regardless of in which Party's territory the charter originates : Between any point or points in the territory of the Party that has designated the airline and any point or points in the territory of the other Party ; and Between any point or points in the territory of the other Party and any point or points in a third country or countries, provided that, except with respect to cargo charters, such service constitutes part of a continuous operation, with or without a change of aircraft, that includes service to the homeland for the purpose of carrying local traffic between the homeland and the territory of the other Party. In the performance of services covered by this Annex, airlines ofeach Party designated under this Annex shall also have the right : (1) to make stopovers at any points whether within or outside of the territory of either Party ; (2) to carry transit traffic through the other Party's territory; (3) to combine on the same aircraft traffic originating in one Party's territory, traffic originating in the other Party's territory, and traffic originating in third countries; and (4) to perform international air transportation without any limitation as to change, at any point on the route, in type or number of aircraft operated; rovided that, except with respect to cargo charters, in the outbound direction, the transportation beyond such point is a continuation of the transportation from the territory of the Party that has designated the airline and in the inbound direction, the transportation to the territory of the Party that has designated the airline is a continuation of the transportation from beyond such point . Each Party shall extend favorable consideration to applications by airlines of the other Party to carry traffic not covered by this Annex on the basis of comity and reciprocity .

Section 2

Any airline designated by either Party performing international charter air transportation originating in the territory of either Party, whether on a one-way or round trip basis, could be required to comply with the administrative procedures applicable to charter operations in the country of origin of the operation, provided that such procedures do not limit the rights provided for in Section 1 of this Annex.

However, nothing contained in the above paragraph shall limit the rights of either Party to require airlines designated under this Annex by either Party to adhere to requirements relating to the protection of passenger funds and passenger cancellation and refund rights.

Section 3

Except with respect to the consumer protection rules referred to in the preceding paragraph above, neither Party shall require an airline designated under this Annex by the other Party, in respectofthe carriageoftraffic from the territoryofthat other Party or of a third country on a one-way or round-trip basis, to submit more than a declaration of conformity with the applicable laws, regulations and rules referred to under Section 2 of this Annex orofa waiverof these laws, regulations, or rules granted by the applicable aeronautical authorities.

ANNEX III

Principles of Non-Discrimination Within and Competition among Computer Reservations Systems

 Recognizing that Article 11 (Fair Competition) of this Agreement guarantees the airlines of both Parties "a fair and equal opportunity to compete," Considering that one of the most important aspects of the ability of an airline to compete is its ability to inform the public of its services in a fair and impartial manner, and that, therefore, the quality of information about airline services available to travelagents who directly distribute such information to the traveling public and the ability of an airline to offer those agents competitive computer reservations systems (CRSs) represent the foundation for an airline's competitive opportunities, and Considering that it is equally necessary to ensure that the interests of the consumers of air transport products are protected from any misuse of such information and its misleading presentation and that airlines and travel agents have access to effectively competitive computer reservations systems :

1 . The Parties agree that CRSs will have integrated primary displays for which:
A. Information regarding international air services, including the construction of connections on those services, shall be edited and displayed based on nondiscriminatory
and objective criteria that are not influenced, directly or indirectly, by airline or market identity . Such criteria shall apply uniformly to all participating airlines .
B. CRS data bases shall be as comprehensive as possible .
C. CRS vendors shall not delete information submitted by participating airlines ; such information shall be accurate and transparent; for example, code-shared and change-of-equipment flights and flights with stops should be clearly identified as having those characteristics .
D. All CRSs that are available to travel agents who directly distribute information about airline services to the traveling public in either Party's territory shall not only be obligated to, but shall also be entitled to, operate in conformance with the CRS rules that apply in the territory where the CRS is being operated .
E. Travel agents shall be allowed to use any of the secondary displays available through the CRS so long as the travel agent makes a specifi uest for that display. 1

2 . A Party shall require that each CRS vendor operating in its territory allow all airlines willing to pay any applicable non-discriminatory fee to participate in its CRS . A Party shall require that all distribution facilities that a system vendor provides shall be offered on a non-discriminatory basis to participating airlines. A Party shall require that CRS vendors display, on a non-discriminatory, objective, carrier-neutral and market-neutral basis, the international air services of participating airlines in all markets in which they wish to sell those services . Upon request ofa Party, a CRS vendor shall disclose details of its data base update and storage procedures, its criteria for editing and ranking information, the weight given to such criteria, and the criteria used for selection of connect points and inclusion of connecting flights . CRS vendors operating in the territory of one Party shall be entitled to bring in, maintain, and make freely available their CRSs to travel agencies or travel companies whose principal business is the distribution of travel-related products in the territory of the other Party if the CRS complies with these principles .

4. Neither Party shall, in its territory, impose or permit to be imposed on the CRS vendors of the other Party more stringent requirements with respect to access to and use of communication facilities, selection and use of technical CRS hardware and software, and the technical installation of CRS hardware, than those imposed on its own CRS vendors.

5. Neither Party shall, in its territory, impose or permit to be imposed on the CRS vendors of the other Party more restrictive requirements with respect to CRS displays (including edit and display parameters), operation, or sale than those imposed on its own CRS vendors .

6. CRSs in use in the territory of one Party that comply with these principles and other relevant non-discriminatory regulatory, technical, and security standards shall be entitled to effective and unimpaired access in the territory of the other Party . One aspect of this is that a designated airline shall participate in such a system as fully in its homeland territory as it does in any system offered to travel agents in the territory of the other Party. Owners/operators of CRSs of one Party shall have the same opportunity to own/operate CRSs that conform to these principles within the territory of the other Party as do owners/operators of that Party. Each Party shall ensure that its airlines and its CRS vendors do not discriminate against travel agents in their homeland territory because of their use or possession of a CRS also operated in the territory of the other Party.

ANNEXIV

Transitional Provisions

Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 8(7), Article 11(2), and Annexes-I and 11, airlines of the Parties shall be subject to the limitations in this Annex, which shall expire on the dates indicated herein, or if no date is indicated, on June 11, 200

2 . A. LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO COMBINATION SERVICES

1 . ROUTES: Designated airlines shall be entitled to perform scheduled international combination services between points on the following routes : a. ROUTES FOR AIRLINES DESIGNATED BY PERU: (1) From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, from points behind Peru, via Peru, and intermediate points to any point or points in Puerto Rico and 15 other selected points in the U.S., and beyond to Canada, Europe, and/or Oceania. (2) From June 12, 1999 through June 11, 2000, from points behind Peru, via Peru, and intermediate points to any point or points in Puerto Rico and 30 other selected points in the U.S.,and beyond to Canada, Europe, Oceania, Asia and/or Africa. In addition, service between Peru and all points in the United States may be held out and sold under a code-share arrangement on services operated by any U.S. airline . b. ROUTES FOR AIRLINES DESIGNATED BY THE UNITED STATES : (1) From June 12, 1998 through December 11, 1998, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and the following intermediate points: any points other than points in Mexico, Venezuela, and Colombia; notwithstanding the above, Mexico City, Cancun, and Cali may be served on a blind-sector basis between those points and points in Peru; and Bogota may be served with full traffic rights ; to 3 selected points in Peru and beyond . (2) From December 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and intermediate points to 3 selected points in Peru and beyond. 1-
23-(3) From June 12, 1999 through June 11, 2000, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and intermediate points to 6 selected points in Peru and beyond. In addition, service between the United States and all points in Peru may be held out and sold under a code-share arrangement on services operated by any Peruvian airline . c. From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 2000, an airline of one Party may carry passengers to no more than one stop-over point in the territory of the other Party, unless the second stop-over point precedes a segment to a point outside the territory of the other Party. A passenger's destination point does not constitute a stop-over point. d. Each Party shall select points to be served by its airlines and may change those points on thirty days notice. Each Party shall notify the other Party, by diplomatic note, of the points it has selected .

2 . FREQUENCIES: a. During the indicated periods, scheduled combination services operated by designated airlines of each Party on the authorized routes shall be limited as follows: (1) From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, 63 weekly round-trip frequencies, subject to the conversion formula in Section

3 . (2) From June 12, 1999 through June 11, 2000, 77 weekly round-trip frequencies, subject to the conversion formula in Section

3 . (3) From June 12, 2000 through June 11, 2001, 84 weekly round-trip frequencies; no conversion formula shall apply. (4) From June 12, 2001 through June 11, 2002, 91 weekly round-trip frequencies; no conversion formula shall apply. b. During the indicated periods, scheduled combination services operated by designated airlines of the United States to points beyond Peru shall be limited as follows: (1) From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, from points behind the United States, Via the United States, and intermediate points to 3 selected points in Peru and beyond as follows : Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Argentina Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Bolivia Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Chile ,a

During this period, designated U.S. airlines may not provide service to Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay using their own aircraft, but may place their code on services operated by a designated Peruvian airline . (2) From June 12, 1999 through June 11, 2000, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and intermediate points to 6 selected points in Peru and beyond as follows: Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Argentina Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Bolivia Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Chile Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Brazil Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Paraguay Seven (7) weekly round-trip frequencies to Uruguay (3) From June 12, 2000 through June 11, 2001, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and intermediate points to any points in Peru and beyond as follows: Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Argentina Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Bolivia Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Chile Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Brazil Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Paraguay Fourteen (14) weekly round-trip frequencies to Uruguay (4) From June 12, 2001, from points behind the United States, via the United States, and intermediate points to any points in Peru and all points beyond . c. The above frequency limits shall not apply to operations by airlines designated byPeru that serve a point in Puerto Rico . d. Codeshare services shall be counted only against frequency limitations applicable to the airline actually operating the aircraft.

3 . CONVERSION FORMULA a. From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, for combination services, frequencies shall be counted subject to the following conversion formula: (1) DC-8, MD-80, B-707, B-727, B-737, B-757, A-320, or similar aircraft will be counted as I frequency . (2) L-1 011, DC-10, MD-11, A-300, A-330, A-340, B-767, B-777, B-747SP, or similar aircraft will be counted as 1 .5 frequencies.
(3) Any aircraft operated with more than 300 seats will be counted as 2 frequencies. b. From June 12, 1999 through June 11, 2000, for combination services, frequencies shall be counted subject to the following conversion formula : (1) DC-8, MD-80, B-707, B-727, B-737, B-757, A-320, or similar aircraft will be counted as I frequency. (2) L-1011, DC-10, MD-11, A-300, A-330, A-340, B-767, B-777, B-747, or similar aircraft will be counted as 1 .5 frequencies. c. Notwithstanding the conversion formulas in this Section, each Party shall give favorable consideration to requests by combination airlines of the other Party to substitute larger aircraft on scheduled service without using additional frequencies .

 B. LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL CARGO SERVICES

1 . FREQUENCIES: From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, scheduled all-cargo services operated by designated airlines of each Party on the authorized routes shall be limited to 42 weekly round-trip frequencies .

2 . ROUTES: a. From June 12, 1998 through December 11, 1998, designated U.S. all-cargo airlines may operate on routes between the United States and Peru via any intermediate point or points, excluding points in Mexico, Venezuela, and points in Colombia except Bogota . b. From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 1999, when operating beyond Peru, designated U.S. all-cargo airlines may not carry local traffic between Peru and Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay or Uruguay. C. LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO CODESHARING From June 12, 1998 through December 31, 1999, designated airlines of one Party may not operate codeshare arrangements with airlines of a third party on segments beyond the territory of the other Party . From June 12, 1999, both Party's airlines designated to perform scheduled combination services may hold out and sell services, without limitations, under a code-share arrangement with a designated airline of the other Party, to any point in territory of the other Party .
D.LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE TO COMBINATION CHARTER OPERATIONS From June 12, 1998 through June 11, 2002, airlines designated by either Party shall be entitled to operate no more than 52 round-trip combination charter operations annually on routes served by scheduled service. Airlines designated by either Party shall be entitled to operate an unlimited number of round-trip combination charter operations on routes that are not served by scheduled combination service.



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