The Coral Triangle region encompasses nearly 5.7 million km2 of ocean and coastal waters in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. Bounded by the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Timor Leste and the Solomon Islands, this region is recognized as the global center of marine biological diversity. The Coral Triangle is the spawning and nursery ground for four principle market tuna species that populate the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) – yellowfin, albacore, bigeye, and skipjack. The WCPO supplies close to 50 per cent of the global tuna catch and the fisheries are critically important to the in-country commerce and food security of Coral Triangle countries.
The Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) is a new multilateral partnership designed to safeguard the region’s extraordinary marine and coastal biological resources for future generations by promoting sustainable fisheries, sustainable livelihoods and climate change resilience and adaptation measures. The six governments have agreed to structure the initiative around five goals:
Within this framework, the six countries are developing national and regional strategies and action plans. The CTI is led by the region’s governments and will include a wide range of partners and stakeholders as funders, implementers and beneficiaries, including the private sector, NGOs, local governments, the academic and scientific communities and the coastal communities most directly affected by the initiative. The CTI will be managed by a rotational Secretariat which is currently located in Indonesia.
The United States Government views the CTI as an important transformative initiative, with the potential to generate significant environmental, economic, and regional security benefits across the region and is offering its support through bilateral and multilateral channels: