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List of Umbrella Science and Technology Agreements


Fact Sheet
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
Washington, DC
January 20, 2009

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The Department of State's Bureau of Oceans, and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of Science and Technology Cooperation (OES/STC) works to establish binding bilateral and multilateral umbrella Science and Technology (S&T) Agreements.

Currently, there are 37 umbrella S&T Agreements worldwide that establish frameworks to facilitate the exchange of scientific results, provide for protection and allocation of intellectual property rights and benefit sharing, facilitate access for researchers, address taxation issues, and respond to the complex set of issues associated with economic development, domestic security and regional stability. S&T cooperation supports the establishment of science-based industries; encourages investment in national science infrastructure, education, and the application of scientific standards; and promotes international trade and dialogue on issues of direct import to global security, such as protection of the environment and management of natural resources. S&T collaboration assists USG agencies to establish partnerships with counterpart institutions abroad. These relationships enable them to fulfill their individual responsibilities by providing all parties with access to new resources, materials, information, and research. High priority areas include such areas as agricultural and industrial biotechnology research (including research on microorganisms, plant and animal genetic materials, both aquatic and terrestrial), health sciences, marine research, natural products chemistry, environment and energy research.

Following is a current list of umbrella S&T Agreements. The duration of these agreements is 5 years, unless otherwise noted. Information is provided on dates of Entry-Into-Force (EIF) and current extensions:

1. Algeria
Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 01/18/06; EIF 01/18/06; duration 10-years, may be extended for additional 10-year periods)

2. Argentina
Agreement for Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Argentine Republic.
(Signed 4/7/72; EIF 8/11/72; extended for successive 5-year periods)

3. Armenia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Armenia on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 2/28/97; EIF 2/28/97; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties)

4. Australia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Commonwealth of Australia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. (Signed 2/28/06)

5. Bangladesh
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
(Signed 3/1/03; EIF 5/26/03; initial 10-year period may be extended for such additional periods as may be agreed in writing between the parties)

6. Brazil
Agreement between the United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil Relating to Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 2/6/84; EIF 5/15/86; extended by written agreement of the two contracting parties; amended and extended 3/21/94; EIF 1/30/96; automatically renewed for 5-year periods)

7. Bulgaria
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria for Scientific and Technological Co-Operation.
(Signed 9/27/96; enters into force upon exchange of diplomatic notes; not in force as of 04/21/06; may be extended by written agreement of the parties)

8. Chile
Basic Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Chile.
(Signed 5/14/92; EIF 1/19/94; extended by mutual written agreement of the parties; extended and EIF 6/22/99; extended by diplomatic notes until 6/22/05, and again until 6/30/06; extended for five years by diplomatic note until 6/30/11.)

9. China
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 1/31/79; EIF 1/31/79; extended for another 5-year period by mutual written agreement of the parties 4/18/06.)

  10. Croatia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Croatia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed: 9/27/04 EIF: 9/27/04; Duration: 10 years)

11. Egypt
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 3/20/95; EIF 8/31/95; renewed for another 5-year period - Signed 1/29/01; EIF 09/01/00; renewed for another 5-year period, signing forthcoming; EIF 09/01/2005 upon renewal.)

12. European Union
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community.
(Signed 12/5/97; EIF 10/14/98; extended for additional periods of 5 years by mutual written agreement between the parties; most recent extension 10/08/04)

13. Finland
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Finland.
(Signed 5/16/95; EIF 8/27/95; automatically extended for 5-year periods)

14. Greece
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Hellenic Republic for Cooperation in the Economic, Scientific and Technological, and Educational and Cultural Fields.
(Signed 4/22/80; EIF 4/22/80; automatically extended for subsequent 5-year periods)

15. Hungary
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Hungary for Scientific and Technological Cooperation
(Signed: 03/15/00; automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

16. India
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of India. (Signed 10/17/05; EIF 03/14/06; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties)

17. Italy
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Italian Republic for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 4/1/88; EIF 4/1/88; no extension clause; amended and extended 10/4/93; EIF 10/4/93; automatically renewed for further 5-year periods)

18. Japan
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan on Cooperation in Research and Development in Science and Technology.
(Signed 6/20/88; EIF 6/20/88; extended by mutual agreement of the parties; amended and extended 7/16/99; EIF 7/20/99, extended for ten years 6/19/04; EIF 6/20/04)

19. Korea
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Korea.
(Signed 7/2/99; EIF 7/2/99; extended by exchange of diplomatic note 6/25/04, EIF 7/2/04)

20. Macedonia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (Signed 01/26/06; EIF: upon the exchange of diplomatic notes; duration of 10 years)

21. Mexico
Agreement between the United States of America and Mexico on Scientific and Technical Cooperation.
(Exchange of notes 6/15/72; EIF 6/15/72; amended and EIF 9/22/94)

22. Mongolia
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Mongolian People's Republic.
(Signed 1/23/91; EIF 1/23/91; extended by mutual agreement of the parties; extended and EIF 4/3/01)

23. Morocco
Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 11/14/06; duration of 10 years; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties.)

24. New Zealand
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of New Zealand.
(Signed 5/21/91; EIF 5/21/91)

25. Norway
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway. (Signed 12/09/05; EIF 12/09/05; unlimited duration)

26. Pakistan
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
(Signed 6/25/03; EIF 10/16/03; renewed for further 5-year periods by written agreement of the Parties)

27. Philippines
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 5/20/03; EIF 11/25/03; extended for further 5-year periods by written agreement of the Parties)

28. Poland
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Poland on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 02/10/06; EIF: upon the exchange of diplomatic notes; duration of 10 years)

29. Romania
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Romania on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 7/15/98; EIF 4/5/00; automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

30. Russia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 12/16/93; EIF 12/16/93; 10-year extension effective 12/16/05; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties.)

31. Slovakia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Slovak Republic on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. (Signed 9/12/00; EIF 10/24/00; automatically extends for consecutive periods of 5 years)

32. Slovenia
Agreement between the Government of the United States America and the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 6/21/99; EIF 12/17/99; automatically extends for consecutive periods of 5 years)

33. South Africa
Framework Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of South Africa Concerning Cooperation in the Scientific, Technological and Environmental Fields.
(Signed 12/5/95; EIF 8/27/01)

34. Spain
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain.
(Signed 6/10/94; EIF 1/18/96; automatically renewed for 5-year periods)

35. Sweden
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden.
(Signed 6/29/06; EIF: 6/29/06; duration: indefinite)

36. Tunisia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Tunisia on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 6/22/04; EIF: 06/22/04; duration 10-years, may be extended for additional 10-year periods)

37. Vietnam
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
(Signed 11/17/00; EIF 3/26/01; automatically extended thereafter for successive periods of 5 years each)



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