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List of Umbrella Science and Technology Agreements


Fact Sheet
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
October 28, 2010

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The Department of State's Bureau of Oceans, and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of Science and Technology Cooperation (OES/STC) works to establish binding bilateral and multilateral umbrella Science and Technology (S&T) Agreements.

Currently, there are 45 umbrella S&T Agreements actively in force worldwide that establish frameworks to facilitate the exchange of scientific results, provide for protection and allocation of intellectual property rights and benefit sharing, facilitate access for researchers, address taxation issues, and respond to the complex set of issues associated with economic development, domestic security and regional stability. 8 Agreements are in the final stages of approval and a further 10 are under negotiation. One agreement has expired. S&T cooperation supports the establishment of science-based industries; encourages investment in national science infrastructure, education, and the application of scientific standards; and promotes international trade and dialogue on issues of direct import to global security, such as protection of the environment and management of natural resources. S&T collaboration assists USG agencies to establish partnerships with counterpart institutions abroad. These relationships enable them to fulfill their individual responsibilities by providing all parties with access to new resources, materials, information, and research. High priority areas include such areas as agricultural and industrial biotechnology research (including research on microorganisms, plant and animal genetic materials, both aquatic and terrestrial), health sciences, marine research, natural products chemistry, environment and energy research.

Following is a current list of umbrella S&T Agreements that are in force; close to conclusion and under negotiation. Information is provided on dates of Entry-Into-Force (EIF), duration and current extensions, status.

Agreements that are in force and active:

1. Algeria
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 01/18/06; EIF:08/14/2007; duration 10 years, may be extended for additional 10 year periods)

2. Argentina
Agreement for Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Argentine Republic.
(Signed 4/7/1972; EIF: 8/11/1972; duration: 5 years; extended for successive 5-year periods)

3. Armenia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Armenia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. (Signed: 08/06/2009; EIF: 3/11/2010; duration: 10 years)

4. Australia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Commonwealth of Australia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. (Signed 2/28/2006; EIF: 1/30/2007duration: 10 years)

5. Bangladesh
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.
(Signed 3/1/2003; EIF: 5/26/2003; duration: 10 years; initial 10 year period may be extended for such additional periods as may be agreed in writing between the parties)

6. Brazil
Agreement between the United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil Relating to Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 2/6/1984; EIF:5/15/1986; duration: 5 years; extended by written agreement of the two contracting parties; amended and extended 3/21/1994; EIF:1/30/1996; automatically renewed for 5-year periods)

7. Bulgaria
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 01/04/2008; EIF:07/17/08; duration: 5 years; may be extended by written agreement of the parties)

8. Chile
Basic Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Chile.
(Signed 5/14/1992; EIF: 1/19/1994; duration: 5 years; extended by mutual written agreement of the parties; extended and EIF: 6/22/1999; extended by diplomatic notes until 6/22/2005, and again until 6/30/2006; extended for five years by diplomatic note until 6/30/2011.)

9. China
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 1/31/1979; EIF: 1/31/1979; duration: 5 years; was extended by diplomatic note in April of 2001, and was extended for another 5-year period by mutual written agreement of the parties 4/18/2006.)

10. Croatia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Croatia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed: 9/27/2004 EIF: 9/27/2004; duration: 10 years)

11. Czech Republic
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Czech Republic for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed: 02/10/2006; EIF: 5/2/2008; duration: 10 years)

12. Denmark

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Denmark for Scientific and Technological Cooperation. (Signed 9/15/09; EIF 9/15/09; duration indefinite).

13. Egypt
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 3/20/1995; EIF: 8/31/1995; EIF: 8/27/2006; duration: 5 years)

14. Estonia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Estonia on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 12/11/2008; EIF: 10/26/2009; duration: 10 years)

15. European Union
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community.
(Signed 12/5/1997; EIF: 10/14/1998;amended through exchange of diplomatic notes in 7/2009; duration: 5 years; extended for additional periods of 5 years by mutual written agreement between the parties; extended to 10/2014)

16. Finland
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Finland.
(Signed 5/16/1995; EIF: 8/27/1995; duration: 5 years; automatically extended for 5-year periods)

17. France
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the French Republic for Cooperation in Science and Technology. (Signed 10/23/2008; EIF: 10/23/2008; duration: indefinite)

18. Georgia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Georgia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. (Signed 8/6/2009; EIF: 11/05/2009; 10 years)

19. Greece
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Hellenic Republic for Cooperation in the Economic, Scientific and Technological, and Educational and Cultural Fields.
(Signed 4/22/1980; EIF: 4/22/1980; duration: 5 years; automatically extended for subsequent 5-year periods)

20. Hungary
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Hungary for Scientific and Technological Cooperation
(Signed: 02/04/2010; EIF: 04/07/2010; duration: 5 years; automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

21. India
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of India. (Signed 10/17/2005; EIF: 03/14/2006; duration: 10 years; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties)

22. Italy
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Italian Republic for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 4/1/1988; EIF: 4/1/1988; no extension clause; amended and extended 10/4/1993; EIF: 10/4/1993; duration: 5 years; automatically renewed for further 5-year periods)

23. Japan
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan on Cooperation in Research and Development in Science and Technology.
(Signed 6/20/1988; EIF: 6/20/1988; extended by mutual agreement of the parties; amended and extended 7/16/1999; EIF: 7/20/1999, extended for ten years 6/19/2004; EIF: 6/20/2004)

24. Jordan

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on Science and Technology Cooperation.

(Signed 04/05/2007; EIF: 06/12/2007; duration 10 years, may be extended for additional 10 year periods.

25. Kazakhstan
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Kazakhstan relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Awaiting signature

26. Korea
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Korea.
(Signed 7/2/1999; EIF: 7/2/1999; extended by exchange of diplomatic note 6/25/2004, EIF: 7/2/2004; renewed 7/1/2009 duration: 5 years)

 


27. Libya

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 01/03/2008; EIF: 04/04/2008; duration 10 years, may be extended for additional 10 year periods)

28. Macedonia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation. (Signed 01/26/2006; EIF: 2/2008; duration of 10 years)

29. Mexico
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and Government of Mexico on Scientific and Technical Cooperation.
(Exchange of notes 6/15/1972; EIF: 6/15/1972; amended and EIF: 9/22/1994; duration: indefinite)

30. Morocco
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 11/14/2006; EIF: 11/14/2006, duration of 10 years; may be extended for further 10-year periods by written agreement of the parties.)

31. New Zealand
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of New Zealand.
(Signed 5/21/1991; EIF: 5/21/1991; duration: automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

32. Norway
Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway. (Signed 12/09/2005; EIF: 12/09/2005; duration: unlimited)

33. Pakistan
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
(Signed 6/25/2003; EIF: 10/16/2003; duration: 5 years; extended by diplomatic note on 9/8/2008 to 10/16/2013; renewed for further 5-year periods by written agreement of the Parties)

34. Poland
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Poland on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 02/10/2006; EIF: 11/9/2006; duration of 10 years)

35. Romania
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Romania on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 7/15/1998; EIF: 4/5/2000; duration: 5 years; automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

36. Russia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 12/16/1993; EIF: 12/16/1993; duration: 10 years; 10 year extension effective 12/16/2005)

37. Saudi Arabia

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Science and Technology Cooperation. (Signed 12/03/2008; EIF: 10/20/2009; duration of 10 years; may be extended for additional 10 year periods.)

 

38. Slovakia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Slovak Republic on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. (Signed 11/08/2007; EIF: 4/11/2008; duration: 10 years)

39. Slovenia
Agreement between the Government of the United States America and the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 6/21/1999; EIF: 12/17/1999; duration: 5 years; automatically extends for successive periods of 5 years)

40. South Africa
Framework Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of South Africa Concerning Cooperation in the Scientific, Technological and Environmental Fields.
(Signed 12/5/1995; EIF: 8/27/2001; duration: indefinite)

41. Spain
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain.
(Signed 6/10/1994; EIF: 1/18/1996; duration: 5 years; automatically renewed for 5-year periods)

42. Sweden
Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden.
(Signed 6/29/2006; EIF: 6/29/2006; duration: indefinite)

43. Switzerland

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Switzerland. (Signed 4/1/09; EIF 4/1/09; duration: 5 years with automatic five year renewals)

44. Tunisia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Tunisia on Science and Technology Cooperation.
(Signed 6/22/2004; EIF: 06/22/2004; duration 10 years, may be extended for additional 10 year periods)

45. Ukraine

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Ukraine on Scientific and Technological Cooperation.

(Signed 12/04/2006; EIF: May 26, 2009)

46. Vietnam
Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
(Signed 11/17/2000; EIF: 3/26/2001; duration: 5 years; automatically extended thereafter for successive periods of 5 years each)

Agreements that have been negotiated but that are awaiting signature and/or an exchange of dip notes to enter into force:

1. Azerbaijan
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Azerbaijan relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Awaiting signature

2. Colombia

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Colombia on Science and Technology Cooperation. Awaiting signature.

 

3. Cyprus

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on Science and Technology Cooperation (Signed 2/5/2009; EIF: upon exchange of diplomatic note, duration 10 years.)

 

4. Germany

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on Science and Technology Cooperation (Signed 2//18/2010; EIF: upon exchange of diplomatic note, duration 10 years.)

5. Philippines
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
(Signed 5/20/2003; EIF: 11/25/2003; duration: 5 years; extended for further 5-year periods by written agreement of the Parties, pending renewal negotiations)

6. Turkey
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Turkey relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Awaiting signature

7. Uruguay

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. (Signed 4/29/2008; EIF: upon the exchange of diplomatic notes; duration: 5 years)

 

8. Uzbekistan
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Uzbekistan relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Awaiting signature

 


Agreements that are currently under negotiation:

1. ASEAN
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN, 10-countires) relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation

2. BSEC
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation pact relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation

3. Indonesia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation.
(Signed 12/11/1978; EIF: 7/10/1992; duration: 5 years, currently expired, new agreement pending)

4. Malaysia

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Malaysia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation


5. Lithuania

Agreement between the Government the of the United States of America and the Republic of Malaysia for Scientific and Technological Cooperation. Under negotiation

6. Mauritania
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Mauritania relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation

7. Serbia
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of Serbia relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation

8. Thailand
Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Kingdom of Thailand relating to Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Under negotiation

 

Agreements that have expired and would need to be re-negotiated:

1. Mongolia
Agreement Relating to Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Mongolian People's Republic.
(Signed 1/23/1091; EIF: 1/23/1991; extended by mutual agreement of the parties; extended and EIF: 4/3/2001, pending renewal; duration: 5 years)

 




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