Under President Obama, the United States has made significant progress in reducing carbon pollution. During 2009-2011, average U.S. greenhouse gas emissions fell to the lowest level for any three-year period since 1994-1996, due to contributions from both economic factors and government policies. The 2014 U.S. Climate Action Report outlines how existing and planned U.S. action on climate change puts the United States on a path to reducing U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in the range of 17 percent below 2005 levels by 2020.
The 2014 U.S. Climate Action Report fulfills a commitment under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to publish every four years a National Communication that provides a comprehensive report on actions taken to combat climate change and thereby meet the objectives and provisions of the UNFCCC. In addition, for the first time, the Climate Action Report includes a Biennial Report that outlines progress that Parties are making in meeting targets and actions they have pledged to fulfill in the period leading up to 2020.
Highlights from the 2014 U.S. Climate Action Report:
o Put in place new rules to cut carbon pollution from the power sector;
o Enhance action on energy efficiency and clean energy technologies; and,
o Reduce methane (CH4) and hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions.
About the 2014 U.S. Climate Action Report
The U.S. Climate Action Report contains two documents, the first-ever U.S. Biennial Report and the sixth quadrennial National Communication. This report reflects the input of 21 federal agencies. The U.S. Government also provided an opportunity for public comment through a notice in the Federal Register posted on September 26th, and the final document reflects many suggestions provided by members of the public.
Together these documents:
The United States led efforts in recent years to establish biennial reporting requirements through the UNFCCC, in order to increase transparency and promote accountability in the global effort to combat climate change. As a result of decisions taken in recent meetings, all Parties to the UNFCCC are to report, over the course of the coming year, on their progress in combating climate change and in meeting specific actions in the period leading to 2020. Developed country Parties report at the beginning of 2014 and developing country Parties report at the end of 2014.