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Table of Contents; Combined Resource Summary for State Operations and Foreign Assistance; State Operations


FY 2009 Supplemental Appropriations Justification
Report
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FY 2009 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS SPENDING PLAN
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Combined Resource Summary for State Operations and Foreign Assistance

STATE OPERATIONS
Resource Summary
Diplomatic & Consular Programs Overview
     Iraq Operations
     Afghanistan Operations
     Pakistan Operations
Worldwide Security Protection
     Ongoing Operations
Embassy Security, Construction & Maintenance
Office of Inspector General 
     Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities

FOREIGN OPERATIONS
Resource Summary
Africa
     Democratic Republic of the Congo
     Kenya
     Somalia
     Zimbabwe
East Asia and the Pacific
     Burma
     North Korea
Europe and Eurasia
     Georgia
Near East
     Iraq
     Lebanon
     West Bank and Gaza
South and Central Asia
     Afghanistan
     Pakistan
Western Hemisphere
     Merida – Mexico
Global Programs and USAID Administrative Expenses
     Migration and Refugee Assistance
     International Disaster Assistance
     P.L. 480, Title II
     USAID Operating Expenses and USAID Capital Investment Fund
     Assistance to Developing Countries Affected by the Global Financial Crisis
APPENDIX A: Supplemental Foreign Operations Request Table



FY 2009 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS JUSTIFICATON

DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND
U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

COMBINED RESOURCE REQUEST SUMMARY FOR
STATE OPERATIONS AND FOREIGN OPERATIONS

($ in thousands)

Account
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
Development Assistance
38,000
Economic Support Fund
2,874,500
Peacekeeping Operations
50,000
Foreign Military Financing Program
98,400
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
389,500
International Military Education and Training
2,000
Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs
122,000
Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia
242,500
Migration and Refugee Assistance
293,000
International Disaster Assistance
200,000
P.L. 480, Title II
300,000
USAID Operating Expenses
152,600
USAID Capital Investment Fund
48,500
Diplomatic and Consular Programs
594,315
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
898,728
SIGAR
7,201
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities
836,900
Total
7,148,144



DEPARTMENT OF STATE

RESOURCE REQUEST SUMMARY FOR STATE OPERATIONS

($ in thousands)

Appropriation
FY 2009 Supplemental Request


Diplomatic and Consular Programs
594,315
Iraq Operations
150,000
Afghanistan Operations
123,900
Afghanistan Operations (Other Agencies)
137,600
Pakistan Operations
36,462
Worldwide Security Protection
117,983
Ongoing Operations
28,370


Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
898,728


SIGAR
7,201


Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities
836,900


Total
2,337,144


FY 2009 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS - STATE OPERATIONS

Diplomatic and Consular Programs (D&CP)

($ in thousands)

Appropriation
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
Diplomatic and Consular Programs

Iraq Operations
150,000
Afghanistan Operations
123,900
Afghanistan Operations (other agencies)
137,600
Pakistan Operations
36,462
Worldwide Security Protection
117,983
Ongoing Operations
28,370
Total, Diplomatic and Consular Programs
594,315


Diplomatic and Consular Programs: $594,315,000

This supplemental funding request provides $594.3 million for Diplomatic and Consular Programs as follows:

· $150.0 million for the U.S. Mission in Iraq to address costs identified since the submission of the FY 2009 request, particularly in the areas of Mission Operations, Logistics Support, Security, and Provincial Reconstruction Teams.

· $261.5 million for costs associated with expanding the civilian activities of the U.S. Mission in Afghanistan, including $137.6 million for other agencies.

· $36.5 million for costs associated with activities of the U.S. Mission in Pakistan.

· $118.0 million for costs associated for Worldwide Security Protection.

· $28.4 million to support increased counterterrorism and diplomatic operating costs.


Diplomatic and Consular Programs – Iraq Operations

($ in thousands)

Funding/Program Activities
FY 2007 Actual
FY 2008 Estimate
FY 2009
Available/Requested
Beginning Balance
944,139
439,802
1,142,641
FY 2007 Supplemental
750,000
-
-
FY 2008 Bridge
-
575,000
-
FY 2008 Supplemental
-
1,150,000
-
FY 2009 Bridge
-
-
518,500
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
-
-
150,000
Total Funding Appropriated
1,694,139
2,164,802
1,811,141
Less for Terrorism Rewards
8,500
20,000
-
Less for BPMA Transfer
-
26,000
-
Less reprogramming to Pakistan
-
-
27,459
Total Funding Available
1,685,639
2,118,802
1,783,682
U.S. Mission Basic Operations
68,428
86,443
202,900
REO/ITAO/Other Support Activities
44,915
39,537
77,700
Logistics Support
194,733
299,366
405,000
Security
577,269
285,076
566,871
Information Technology
23,579
16,934
21,041
PRT Operations
336,913
248,805
510,170
Total Program Activities
1,245,837
976,161
1,783,682
Ending Balance
439,802
1,142,641
-


Overview

Iraq’s transition remains critical to U.S. national security. The strategic goal has remained the same: a unified democratic, federal Iraq that can govern, defend, and sustain itself, and that is an ally to the U.S. The U.S. Embassy in Baghdad must retain the required personnel and other resources to meet the challenges that support this approach.

The U.S. Mission’s important and complex relationship with the Iraqi government is led by more than 1,200 direct-hire Americans under Chief of Mission (COM) authority, representing 12 agencies in addition to the Department of State. The Department of State operates the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, as well as two Regional Embassy Offices (REOs), in Hillah and Basrah. There are also 28 Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) throughout Iraq. Four of these operate as Provincial Support Teams (PSTs); that is, they carry out the same functions as PRTs, but are located outside of their target provinces.

The size and scope of U.S. Mission operations in FY 2009 are being impacted by three major considerations: completion of the move into the New Embassy Compound (NEC), ongoing support requirements for security and capacity-building efforts to stabilize Iraq, and the potential impact on operations associated with the implementation of recent agreements with the Government of Iraq related to the future U.S. presence in the country. The security situation in Iraq has improved but remains challenging, with continuing attacks against military and civilian targets throughout Iraq, including attacks against U.S. Government (USG) facilities and the International Zone.

U.S. Mission operations are expected to continue to normalize during FY 2009. The NEC was certified for occupancy in April 2008. All COM personnel have completed the move into NEC housing and office spaces, including the Chancery and the two annex office buildings. The decommissioning and return of the Republican Palace to the Iraqi Government took place on December 31, 2008.

D&CP – Iraq Operations

($ in thousands)

Appropriations
FY 2009 Supplemental Request

D&CP – Iraq Operations

U.S. Mission Basic Operations
74,900
REO/ITAO/Other Support Activities
9,500
Logistics Support
11,600
Security
30,000
PRT Operations
24,000


Total, D&CP – Iraq Operations
150,000

Mission Operations

The supplemental request of $150.0 million will fund general operations and other support requirements, logistics support, security, information technology, and PRT operations through FY 2009. The majority of the funds requested will be used to cover costs as the mission consolidates its operations and either relocates a number of support facilities or temporarily leases the current locations. As the security requirements in the International Zone continue to change additional funding will be needed to provide enhanced perimeter security. Further details on the request are provided below.


U.S. Mission Operations / Other Support Activities: $84,400,000

The amount requested is $84.4 million for potential annual lease costs for current mission and contractor facilities in Iraq and for current levels of continuing operations at the Embassy and Regional Embassy Offices (REOs) through the end of FY 2009. Estimates are as follows:

· General Mission Operations: $74.9 million. The Department requires $74.9 million for mission operations, of which $62.0 million is primarily for anticipated lease costs of facilities supporting the U.S. Mission in Iraq. With the move to the NEC, mission management is in discussions with the Government of Iraq concerning the location of mission support facilities, such as the current Landing Zone Washington in the heart of the International Zone, a planned new Landing Zone Fernandez located adjacent to the New Embassy Compound, current local guard and security contractor facilities, and other facilities of mission support contractors. All of these facilities in the past have been occupied at no cost to U.S. Government and support contractors. The balance of $12.9 million is for basic allowances and operational support costs for direct hire Department of State positions, Locally Employed Staff (LE Staff) and Third Country National (TCN) personnel salaries and recruitment incentives for posts/domestic offices providing detail employees to Iraq positions.

· ITAO Operational Costs and Support: $6.0 million. Funding is required for salaries, allowances, and other support requirements for the Iraq Transition Assistance Office (ITAO). Most ITAO personnel are temporary appointments in the excepted service of the civil service under 5 U.S.C. 3161 or are on detail from another USG agency. ITAO supports the Iraqi government through ministerial capacity building, the development of democracy, and rule of law initiatives. ITAO will continue coordination of reconstruction efforts.

· REO Operational Costs: $0.7 million. The Department requires additional funding for costs associated with operating the REOs, including fuel, managing office/billeting requirements, and local staff.

· Offshore Support Units: $1.9 million. An additional $1.9 million is required for offshore Iraq operational support units at the U.S. Embassies in Jordan and Kuwait, for support in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs and other Department bureaus. These units reduce the number of personnel that must be stationed in Baghdad.

· Public Diplomacy Programs: $0.9 million. Additional funding is required for local staffing and staffing from other U.S. Embassies to support Public Diplomacy programming.

Logistics Support: $11,600,000

The amount requested is $11.6 million for Operations and Maintenance costs at the New Embassy Compound (NEC), including for contracted personnel and additional building and compound needs, including maintenance, supplies, and protection for vehicle areas.


Security: $30,000,000

The amount requested is $30.0 million for security costs associated with Overseas Protection Operations and emerging Physical and Technical Security requirements.

  • Static (Local) Guards: $25.0 million. Funding is needed for Static Guard expenses, including:
    • Costs associated with transitioning the Worldwide Personal Protective Service (WPPS) Baghdad and Al-Hillah task orders from Blackwater to new vendors;
    • Additional aviation personnel to take over activities (refueling and air traffic control) previously performed by the Department of Defense;
    • Additional Baghdad Embassy Security Force (BESF) costs due to International Zone transition.
    • Physical security upgrades to the Baghdad WPPS camp due to the changing security perimeter in the former International Zone.
    • WPPS protective personnel will be reequipped with low-profile equipment in accordance with RSO's policy of lowering the overall WPPS profile.
    • Replace formaldehyde leaking wall panels in the BESF camp.
    • Fund the BESF contract to the end of the option year or fiscal year.

  • Physical and Technical Security: $5.0 million. The Department requires funding in the third and fourth quarters of FY 2009 to support emerging physical security requirements due to the evolving disposition of military forces and Regional Embassy Offices/PRTs.

Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs): $24,000,000

The request for PRTs is $24.0 million as follows:

· Salaries: $22.1 million. Additional funding is required for salaries, which includes basic Iraq salaries and allowances for State Department PRT personnel, including travel. These funds also will be used to reimburse other USG civilian agencies for the salaries and allowances of their personnel serving in Iraq at the PRTs.

· Operations: $1.9 million. Resources are needed for ongoing operational/infrastructure requirements at the PRTs including funding of bilingual/bicultural advisors for the PRT program.


D&CP – Afghanistan Operations

($ in thousands)

Appropriations
FY 2009 Supplemental Request

D&CP – Afghanistan Operations

U.S. Mission Operations/Other Support Activities
106,900
Staffing Surge and Operations (including Provincial Reconstruction Teams)
84,800
Public Diplomacy
22,100
Interagency Staffing Surge
137,600
Afghanistan Air Mobility
17,000
O&M Costs
17,000
Total, D&CP – Afghanistan Operations
261,500

Overview

The Department’s policy is to use all instruments of government to prevent Afghanistan from again being used as a launching pad to attack the U.S. Increased U.S. diplomatic and reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan will be needed to help restore communities broken by years of war and insurgency. The success of the mission in Afghanistan depends on increased U.S. military and civilian operations that strengthen the Afghan partners’ ability to take charge of their own security and prosperity, while depriving terrorist insurgents of necessary resources.

To support these goals, Embassy Kabul’s current staff of over 400 Americans, from 11 agencies, works in close, daily cooperation with U.S. Military and Coalition forces. The request for additional civilian staff and operational support will allow the Department and other agencies to complement increased military operations with expanded civilian reconstruction efforts at the provincial and district level, as well as in Kabul.

Currently there are 394 occupants being accommodated in both permanent and temporary housing in Kabul. The Department is actively considering a range of strategic options to increase berthing and office space to house approximately 567 personnel by the end of 2011. These options include placing additional trailers on current space available in the compound, utilizing the Ministry of Health property adjacent to the embassy compound, and the possibility of doubling up in current housing and as additional units are brought online. As the FY 2009 supplemental is being considered by Congress, the Department will continue to look at additional options to accommodate the growth in personnel.

The funds requested will build on efforts begun in FY 2008 to develop a robust diplomatic engagement that complements military operations in the region. Success cannot be achieved by the military alone. Building civilian capacities of the Department and other U.S. agencies is essential to stabilizing Afghanistan communities and building resistance against the appeal of insurgents. The Department and other agencies require additional personnel for deployment with the Provincial and District Reconstruction Teams and support staff to execute this strategy in full.

Staffing Surge and Operations: $84,800,000

The FY 2009 request includes full-year requirements for U.S. direct-hire allowances, LE Staff, and third-country national (TCN) staff to complement the LE Staff. It also includes requirements for PRT salaries and allowances, reimbursements to other agencies for their PRT detailees, U.S. temporary appointment PRT staff, and contracted local Afghan PRT staff.

Security costs are requested within the Worldwide Security Protection program, and construction requirements are identified in the Embassy Security Construction and Maintenance account. Justification is provided in those chapters of this request.

The FY 2009 estimate for additional U.S. Mission operations and other support activities funding is $84.8 million.

U.S. Mission Operations

· New Staffing: $7.1 million (Overseas: $6.8 million, Domestic: $0.4 million). Additional funding is requested for salaries, basic allowances, life support, and travel for new overseas positions in Kabul supporting the Political and Management offices, and domestic support positions for resources and logistical coordination.

· Locally Engaged Staff: $3.0 million. Additional funding is requested for salaries, allowances, and other support requirements for 106 LE Staff both in Kabul (33) and in the PRTs (73).

· Life Support - All Positions: $8.0 million. Additional funding is requested for costs associated with new positions in Kabul and the PRTs. The request includes life support contracts for all Afghanistan employees.

· Annualization of FY 2008 Supplemental: $12.2 million. Additional funds are required to maintain LE Staff salaries and incentives and training costs funded in the FY 2008 supplemental.

· Travel: $7.3 million. Funding is necessary for in-country travel for Embassy and PRT personnel and international travel to support Afghanistan programs and Mission operations.

· FSI Training: $2.5 million. Funds will provide training for the Department of State and other agencies to support activities within Afghanistan. The Department will provide training for PRT, security, public diplomacy, Foreign Service officers, and domestic support positions.


Provincial Reconstruction Teams

Beyond Embassy Kabul, the Department will surge its civilian presence by expanding PRTs throughout Afghanistan. These teams will be building on established success with new programs to promote better governance, economic development, and stable conditions for effective reconstruction efforts. These expanded programs will operate in close cooperation with Afghan partners, although security and political and development conditions in each province will influence staffing and program decisions.

At the center of these expanded PRT operations, the Embassy will create a strategic planning cell to design an integrated national campaign across USG civilian and military entities. At the brigade and task force level, small groups will work with PRTs to translate national goals and plans to the national, provincial, and district levels. Rule of Law experts will be assigned to selected PRTs, to key non-U.S. led PRTs, and to each U.S. brigade.

· New Staffing: $39.4 million. As the centerpiece of efforts to enhance civilian support for military operations, the Embassy plans to expand PRT operations with 110 new temporary-appointment, Department staff to support a range of different programs including:

o One Regional Embassy Office in Herat with eight State/USAID positions;

o Four full-scale PRTs with a varying numbers of State, USAID, and USDA representation in three provinces and an urban mission within Kabul’s city limits;

o Twenty District Reconstruction Teams with two American positions from State and USAID and Afghan employees to provide capacity building at the district level;

o Six Tribal Engagement Teams, primarily in Pashtun areas, operating out of existing U.S. platforms, with one State and two USAID positions; and

o Four Fly-Away Teams with State, USAID, and USDA participation to assess needs rapidly and organize community programs for essential services.

· Annualization of FY 2008 Supplemental: PRT Support: $5.3 million. The request includes full-year costs of life and operational support for PRT positions funded in the FY 2008 supplemental request.

Public Diplomacy Programs: $22,100,000

The Department is requesting $22.1 million in supplemental funding to enhance its Public Diplomacy efforts in seven key Afghanistan provinces and Kabul. Funding at this level will support up to 10 new American direct hire positions (three in Kabul and seven at the PRTs), thereby making it possible to optimize Public Diplomacy operations and increase the Department’s ability to achieve substantial and sustainable results. The positions include a new English language officer, a Deputy Public Affairs Officer, an Assistant Cultural Affairs Officer and seven Public Diplomacy Officers at the PRTs. New programs would be designed to demonstrate a positive U.S. commitment, create hope through expansion of a variety of broadcast mediums and training, and develop crucial international support for Afghanistan, all with the hope of ensuring Afghans that the U.S. is on their side and committed to Afghanistan for the long term.

Specific projects include:

· American Corners/Internet Access Training Programs (up to 10 American Corners, 10 IATPs);

· Training of Afghan media staff and country-wide media tours for Kabul-based journalists;

· Outreach/media tours to build support (primarily in Europe)for the Afghanistan mission;

· English teaching programs;

· University journalism programs;

· Provincial level public diplomacy grants; and

· Development of linkages between universities in Afghanistan and the U.S.

Interagency Staffing Surge: $137,600,000

As part of a coordinated approach to building Afghanistan Government capacity, the Department is also requesting resources to expand U.S. Government civilian efforts in agriculture, justice, customs and border management, health, finance, and aviation. These civilian capacity-building efforts are essential complements to the military operations to stabilize communities at the provincial level and strengthen Afghan Government capacity.

Afghanistan Air Mobility: $17,000,000

Operations and Maintenance (O&M): $17.0 million. The FY 2009 supplemental request includes $17.0 million to continue aviation support to the post initiated with FY 2008 supplemental and FY 2009 bridge funding. Funding was provided for the acquisition of two light/medium fixed-wing and four light/medium rotary-wing aircraft. The request includes full-year costs for operations and maintenance for the six aircraft.


D&CP – Pakistan Operations

($ in thousands)

Appropriations
FY 2009 Supplemental Request

D&CP – Pakistan Operations

Staffing Surge
5,562
Public Diplomacy
30,900
Total, D&CP – Pakistan Operations
36,462

Overview

Pakistan presents enormous dangers and enormous rewards for U.S. diplomacy. The change in the Government of Pakistan has brought challenging new opportunities for improved bi-lateral cooperation and engagement, while the ongoing insurgency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and North-West Frontier Province continues to threaten Pakistan’s stability and vital U.S. national security interests. To manage these challenges, Embassy Islamabad and its three constituent posts (Karachi, Peshawar, and Lahore) require additional resources to support essential new programs, and to expand existing operations that capitalize on increased engagement with Pakistan. Additional security personnel and equipment, security improvements around the Diplomatic Enclave, and additional administrative funding (including new LE Staff and equipment) are required to support the management and oversight of the expanded programs. Funding covers interim space configuration changes and improvements to safely accommodate U.S. employees while new permanent facilities are designed and built.

Staffing Surge: $5,562,000

The FY 2009 supplemental funding requested for U.S. Mission operations and other support activities is $5.6 million, including:

· Locally Engaged Staff: $1.2 million. Funds for additional 78 LE Staff positions to implement new programs and provide administrative support.

· Annualization of FY 2008 Supplemental: American Staff and LE Staff: $3.8 million. Full-year support costs for initial 31 American direct-hire positions and LE Staff.

· Travel: $0.4 million. Increased in-country travel among the U.S. Mission’s locations to coordinate and monitor developing programs.

· FSI Training: $0.2 million. Funds will support training for the Department of State’s and other agencies’ activities within Pakistan.


Public Diplomacy Programs: $30,900,000

The Department is requesting an additional $30.9 million in supplemental funding to enhance its key Public Diplomacy efforts in Pakistan. This funding level would allow the Department to focus its programs on specific high target areas that would provide the greatest return on its investment. In addition to supporting four positions (two American and two LE Staff), the funds would be used for projects including outreach to key influencers that have immediate results, expand English language opportunities, enhance communications and journalism programs, translate books, and counter violent extremism through concentrated advertising campaigns. The combination of these efforts would demonstrate U.S. commitment to a long-term, multi-faceted partnership with the Pakistani people.

Specific projects include:

· Youth TV and radio programming/media training;

· Multi-media campaign to counter violent extremism;

· Programs to support public relations capacity;

· Support for moderate local programs and organizations;

· Public awareness outreach; and

· Expansion of English language programs and opportunities.


Diplomatic and Consular Programs – Worldwide Security Protection

($ in thousands)

Diplomatic and Consular Programs –
Worldwide Security Protection
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
D&CP - Worldwide Security Protection

Afghanistan Security Operations
101,545
Pakistan Security Operations
9,078
Life Safety Program
7,360
Total, D&CP – Worldwide Security Protection
117,983

Afghanistan Security Operations: $101,545,000

The protective operations activity in Kabul has increased significantly over the last year. With additional personnel and the opening of a new regional Embassy office in Herat, the Department will require dedicated security personnel support. Security personnel will also need to visit provincial reconstruction teams (PRT) more frequently so that security officers can liaise with the PRT commanders and gain a better understanding security conditions in the field. It is anticipated that there will be eight to 10 possible new PRTs and other teams located throughout Afghanistan. Increased security personnel, including 31 U.S. full-time employees (FTE) and non-career positions, will be required not only for these new operations, but also for existing operations as well to address increasing threats from the Taliban.

Workload will also increase because of the projected staff increases. Currently, there are approximately 3,600 PSCs in country, working for or connected to USAID projects, and this number is anticipated to grow as USAID receives increased funding.

· Security Staffing: $6.6 million. The Department seeks funding for an additional 11 FTE and one LE Staff to support the increased number of PRTs and Embassy mission personnel. Of the 11 FTE positions, nine are for Assistant Regional Security Officers, one is for an office management specialist, and one is for a security technician specialist.

· Contract Oversight: $9.0 million. The Department requests funding for 20 limited non-career appointment Security Protective Specialists to provide for direct WPPS contractor oversight of protective details in Kabul, which will parallel Iraq WPPS contractor oversight operations currently on-going.

· Regional Embassy Office - Herat: $71.1 million. The Department’s request supports security requirements to open a Regional Embassy Office in Herat including physical security ($5.5 million), a guard force, protective details, as well as a quick reaction force team ($65.6 million).

· Physical Security - Kabul: $7.3 million. Physical security upgrades are also required in Kabul due to increased staffing and the number of PRTs ($5.0 million). In addition, the Department requires equipment to support increased security for field missions and other security measures including explosive detection systems, electronic countermeasures, and Iridium Blue Force Tracker ($2.0 million). Blue Force Tracking is a U.S. military term used to denote a Global Positioning System using Iridium satellites to track the movements of USG personnel and provides officials with location information about friendly (and hostile) military forces. The Department must also replace one tactical armored vehicle (a Bearcat) at a cost of $0.3 million. The replacement cycle for these vehicles in Afghanistan is one year.

· Training and Administrative Support: $7.5 million. The Department must augment its training to accommodate increased number of personnel being sent to post ($4.5 million). Funding primarily will support expanded Foreign Affairs Counter Threat course capacity. This course is mandatory for all personnel in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In addition, the Department requires additional personal services contractors to provide increased administrative support domestically ($3.0 million).

Pakistan Security Operations: $9,078,000

In response to critical security threats in Pakistan that have increased significantly in recent months, the Department requires a heightened security stance not only in Islamabad but throughout the country. Supplemental funds are being sought for security operations to cover recurring costs initially funded through the reprogramming of Iraq supplemental funds for additional personnel and an on-going heightened security posture in country.

Recurring requirements by post are:

· Islamabad: $0.5 million – Supports LE Administrative Staff and two mobile patrols-rapid reaction forces.

· Peshawar: $1.0 million – Supports administrative support staff including one Office Management Specialist FTE, surveillance detection specialists, and two mobile patrols-rapid reaction force.

· Karachi: $0.6 million – Support administrative staff including one Office Management Specialist FTE and one mobile patrol-rapid reaction force.

· Lahore: $1.1 million – Supports administrative staff including one Office Management Specialist FTE, one Assistant Regional Security Officer FTE, and one mobile patrol-rapid reaction force.

· High Threat Protection: $5.9 million – Supports two protective security teams in Peshawar, including salary, training, equipment, travel and insurance costs. Each detail consists of a Shift Leader, three Protective Security Specialists (PSS), one PSS/Emergency Medical Technician, one PSS/Translator, and two PSS/Defensive Marksmen, for a total of 16 personnel. There is a two-person management and administration section consisting of a project manager and an administrative and logistics specialist. Logistics support will include living space and equipment, medical services, vehicle maintenance, armory and ammunition, weapons, and vehicle fuel. Funding also provides for training and mobilization/demobilization costs.

Life Safety Program: $7,360,000

The Department requests $7.4 million for contract personnel, equipment, travel and software to support counterinsurgency initiatives in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Both missions have expanded operations and funding is necessary to establish permanent, requisite capabilities in the Blue Force Tracker program.

· Contract Personnel: $5.9 million - One program manager and nine associate field engineers.

· Equipment: $1.0 million - Nine tempest systems and six large screen monitors, 300 tracker devices, antennas, airtime, and software.

· Travel: $0.4 million – In-country travel and per diem for nine personnel.


Diplomatic and Consular Programs – Ongoing Operations

($ in thousands)

Diplomatic and Consular Programs –
Ongoing Operations
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
D&CP – Ongoing Operations

Bureau of Counterterrorism (S/CT)
7,270
Office of the Secretary
8,500
Bureau of Administration
12,600
Total, D&CP – Ongoing Operations
28,370

D&CP Ongoing Operations: $28,370,000

Bureau of Counterterrorism: $7.3 million.

The Bureau of Counterterrorism (S/CT) must sustain a high tempo of operations for dealing with ongoing challenges in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, India and other key countries. Additional resources are required to support critical regional initiatives, counter-radicalization efforts, vital capabilities assessments, and required travel.

· Personnel: $1.3 million – New domestic S/CT personnel are needed to provide oversight of counter-terrorism programs and budgets, and staff growing programs; cover key regional desks currently understaffed; and increase S/CT’s engagement in Homeland Security issues. An additional six civil service and two Foreign Service positions are requested, plus $0.2 million for support of those personnel.

· Regional Strategic Initiative (RSI): $2.0 million – The Department created the RSI program to better address the transnational threats that terrorism poses and promote cooperative counterterrorism (CT) strategies in high-priority regions. Working under the NSC’s regional CT guidance, RSIs serve as the “connective tissue” between USG strategic policy objectives and cooperative operational requirements around the world. This program provides a more effective tool for S/CT to facilitate multiple countries working together on regionally-focused CT programs, coordinated with Regional Bureaus and Chiefs of Mission. RSI’s current budget is $0.7 million. $2.0 million is requested to fund more effective operations of the RSI programs, including regional meetings, contract support, and travel funds, to administratively support RSI Foreign Assistance programs. The $2.0 million would be split among eight RSIs to provide operational funds for bi-annual RSI meetings overseas and in Washington, DC, to include travel, lodging, and per diem for participants, both USG and foreign. RSIs currently exist for East Africa, Trans-Sahara, Western Mediterranean, Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Western Hemisphere. Funds would also support contract personnel in Washington, DC for the purpose of ensuring continuity and program follow-up between meetings, and coordination with the interagency community on RSI-related activities.

· Assessments/Sustainment Programs: $2.0 million – The request includes an increase for S/CT to lead more cohesive expanded assessments that cover multiple objectives, such as terror financing capabilities, law enforcement, counter-radicalization, border security, and terrorist interdiction, in partnership with INL, PM, ISN, DS and other bureaus and outside agencies.

· Travel: $2.0 million – S/CT participation in bilateral, multilateral, and interagency meetings is critical to its leadership and ability to fulfill its mission. Additional funding will allow new personnel to expand coverage of program reviews, interagency meetings, international conferences, where S/CT will lead discussions on critical counterterrorism challenges.

Office of the Secretary: $8.5 million

In order to be successful in its efforts to take on new and expanded responsibilities in this new era of diplomacy, the Department must have adequate resources to support new policy positions. The requested funding will support the new Deputy Secretary of State for Resources and Management, the Special Representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Special Envoy to the Middle East, the Special Envoy for Climate Change, the Special Envoy for North Korea, and the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position. These funds will support 65 domestic positions including IT equipment and communications equipment.

American Red Cross Building: $10.2 million

The likely enacted FY 2009 Omnibus Bill includes an increase of 525 positions, the first year of implementation of the Administration’s Foreign Service Initiative that seeks to increase Foreign Service staff by twenty five percent through FY 2012. The Department must be able to accommodate this hiring surge and ensure that adequate space is available to house new hires. Therefore, it is imperative that the Department acquire the American Red Cross (ARC) building now, to implement both the FY 2009 hiring surge and the continuation of the Administration’s staffing initiative in FY 2010 and beyond. ARC has offered the Department an opportunity to acquire a large portion of their building located across the street from the Harry S Truman Building (HST). This project will provide the required swing space to accommodate offices that will be displaced by the HST Phase 1C renovation. The Department will also face critical space shortfalls with the planned destruction and reconfiguration of office space currently located in Rosslyn, VA. Funding requested would allow the Department to seize this favorable opportunity to acquire the building and provide a smooth transition for hundreds of employees.

American Pharmacists Association Building: $2.4 million

The Department is implementing a congressionally-directed request to co-locate all Public Diplomacy elements with its central offices at the Harry S Truman (HST) building. This will be accomplished by relocating the Bureau of International Information Programs from State Annex 44 to the American Pharmaceutical Association building adjacent to the HST building in the summer of 2009. Recently revised moving costs include an additional $2.4 million to fund installation of computer networks and specialized equipment. This investment is essential for the Department to fully leverage desktop software and capabilities in the new building. The requested funding is urgently needed for equipment and make-ready costs required to ensure that the American Pharmaceutical Association Building schedule remains in tact for the projected June move-in date.


EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE

($ in thousands)

Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
FY 2009
Supplemental Request
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance

Afghanistan
87,028
Pakistan
806,200
Mail Screeners
5,500
Total, Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
898,728



Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance: $898,728,000

Funding of $898.7 million is required to provide secure facilities and housing for U.S. Mission staff, including:

· Afghanistan: $87.0 million. The request includes $87.0 million for the acquisition of a 30- to 40- acre site. The Department is working to develop both short and long-term facility strategies for this location and is currently negotiating with landowners of adjacent sites regarding potential purchase for Embassy expansion.

Currently there are 394 occupants that are being accommodated in both permanent and temporary housing in Kabul. The Department is actively considering a range of strategic options to increase berthing and office space to house approximately 567 personnel by the end of 2011. These options include placing additional trailers on current space available in the compound, utilizing the Ministry of Health property adjacent to the embassy compound, and the possibility of doubling up in current housing and as additional units are brought online. As the FY 2009 supplemental is being considered by Congress, the Department will continue to look at additional options to accommodate the growth in personnel.

· Pakistan: $806.2 million. Given the deteriorating security situation, the Department urgently requires new secure and safe facilities at several posts in Pakistan. The FY 2009 supplemental request includes: $111 million for the construction in Islamabad of a new annex to accommodate 330 desks; $405 million for the renovation or replacement of the existing chancery to accommodate 645 desks; $5 million for marine security guard quarters; $18 million for general service office (GSO) facilities (to include temporary swing space for the CAFE, offices, demolition, warehouse additions, support facilities, utility building, commissary/GSO, service Compound Access Control, and roads and perimeter wall); $108 million for permanent housing of 156 units; $36 million for 80 units of temporary duty quarters and community support; and $53.5 million to support the necessary infrastructure to include all utilities, parking and roads.

The request also includes $29.6 million for the acquisition, mitigation, and development of sites for the future construction of new consulate facilities in Lahore, and $40.1 million for a new embassy compound and housing in Peshawar.

· Mail Screening: $5.5 million. The request also includes funds for the deployment of mobile mail screening units to protect USG employees at various high risk facilities.


SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION (SIGAR)

($ in thousands)

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction
FY 2009 Supplemental Request
Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction
7,201

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction: $7,201,000

The Office of the Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) is requesting $7.2 million in FY 2009 supplemental funding. This would bring SIGAR’s total FY 2009 funding to $23.2 million. Previous appropriations have allowed SIGAR to hire 38 professional staff, including 10 auditors and five inspectors. These funds will allow SIGAR to hire an additional 31 professional positions and nine locally employed staff positions (interpreters) which are critical to the effective audit, investigations, and inspections activities related to the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Since 2001, the United States has committed almost $32 billion in humanitarian and other aid to Afghanistan. This amount constitutes the largest single contribution of any nation to Afghanistan reconstruction. Given the oversight responsibility mandated to SIGAR, these supplemental funds will provide for the detailed assessments, evaluation, and analysis necessary to effectively oversee this funding, as well as for costs of supporting staff in Kabul.

· Personnel Compensation: $4.3 million. SIGAR employs personnel appointed to the excepted service and assigned to either the Washington metropolitan area or Afghanistan under 13-month appointments. Base salaries for the 31 professional positions are $2.4 million. An additional $1.9 million supports compensation above basic pay (including overtime, post-differential, danger, and holiday pay), plus expenditures for benefits as well as incentives to recruit and retain personnel, such as extended assignment incentives, and relocation and other expenses related to permanent change of station.

· Travel and Transportation: $2.2 million. As a result of the agency’s mandate, SIGAR is required to conduct audits, inspections, and investigations throughout the United States and Afghanistan. Additionally, personnel deployed to Afghanistan will require housing and associated services for 20 staff in country. This request includes costs for International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) charges for 25 staff at Embassy Kabul, regional rest breaks, and travel to and from Afghanistan and within the United States.

· Rent, Communications, and Utilities: $0.3 million. This request includes additional office space in the Washington metropolitan area ($0.1 million) and IT equipment/services for personnel in both the United States and Afghanistan ($0.2 million).

· Contractual Services and Supplies: $0.4 million. SIGAR requires $0.2 million for nine interpreters in Afghanistan, (six in Kabul, one in Bagram, and two in Kandahar). SIGAR will procure interpreter services via government contracts with foreign nationals over a 12-month period. This category also includes $0.2 million for shipping costs to and from Afghanistan, professional liability insurance, and training required to maintain professional certifications in Auditing, Investigation, and Engineering.


CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL
PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES (CIPA)

($ in thousands)

Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities
FY 2009
Supplemental
Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities

UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo
163,838
UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
218,533
Sustain Existing Operations
454,529
FY 2009 CIPA Supplemental Request
836,900



Since the submission of the FY 2009 budget to Congress, further information has become available on the pace of downsizing and completion of a few key successful UN peacekeeping operations as well as the transition and increase of several missions.

The Department of State is requesting $836.9 million in supplemental funds in order to sustain U.S. peacekeeping contributions through FY 2009. Failure to obtain the funding outlined in this supplemental request would strain critical UN peacekeeping operations because of insufficient funding. Deployments and reimbursements to troop-contributing countries – primarily poor developing countries – will be significantly delayed jeopardizing the mission. Requested supplemental funding will support the following.

MONUC (Democratic Republic of Congo): $163,838,000

When an October 2008 offensive by one rebel group threatened MONUC operations in eastern Congo, the UN Secretariat asked the Security Council to authorize an increase in MONUC’s troop ceiling. In December 2008, the UN Security Council renewed and extended MONUC’s mandate which reinforced the previous Security Council decision to increase the mission’s military and police ceiling. The additional funding will support the increased cost associated with the enhanced presence in eastern Congo, including deployment of a mandated increase in military and police strength by 3,085 personnel. The mission has an extensive mandate to help implement a peace process to resolve the Congo's multifaceted conflicts, protect civilians, and maintain the security of humanitarian operations, disarm, demobilize, and reintegrate ex-combatants, train the Congolese armed forces, and support their operations against recalcitrant armed groups. The requested amount provides $44 million toward the expansion of the mission, and $119.8 million toward covering estimated shortfalls.

MINURCAT (Transition from Police Mission to Military Peacekeeping Operation, Central African Republic and Chad): $218,533,000

The Department’s initial FY 2009 request was based on the small police mission’s slow start. However, on January 14, 2009 the UN Security Council adopted a resolution extending the mission until March 2010 and authorized a UN peacekeeping presence of 5,200 troops to replace the European Union forces scheduled to begin draw down in March 2009. This follow-on force, under UN command and control, will entail significantly higher costs than the current UN police mission resulting in an estimated $126.0 million increase for the USG’s share of assessed costs. In addition, the request supports $92.5 million toward covering estimated shortfalls for FY 2009.

Sustain Existing Operations: $454,529,000

This supplemental request includes a significant down payment towards long-standing arrearages and shortfalls for U.S. peacekeeping assessments. The U.S. cannot continue to advocate for peacekeeping operations while failing to fund assessed contributions. This $454.5 million will cover the $51.0 million FY 2008 shortfall and $403.5 million to pay for FY 2009 estimated shortfalls. The UN General Assembly budgets from June 2008 for all peacekeeping missions are substantially higher than FY 2009 budget estimates. This request will allow the USG to pay its share of UN peacekeeping assessed costs during FY 2009 to ensure that established missions carry out their mandates and meet their benchmarks.

A portion of these funds may be used to pay UN assessments attributable to a logistics and support package to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) called for by UN Security Council Resolution 1863.

A key element in sustaining existing missions is to address accumulated cap-related arrears from FY 2005 through FY 2009 totaling about $174 million. These funds will help address these arrears as well. Language authorizing payment of these arrearages was in the FY 2009 President’s Budget.

With the enactment of this request, CIPA is estimated to have no arrears at the end of FY 2009.



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