In March/April 2010, CSO (then S/CRS), the U.S. Agency for International Development, and the U.S. Embassy in Dili conducted an analysis of factors affecting stability in Timor-Leste using the Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework. The group identified two main risks to stability in the country: police capabilities and the growing population of unemployed youth.
As a result of the above analysis, CSO (then S/CRS) supported the implementation of an $11 million 1207 program to build the capabilities of vetted Timor law enforcement institutions, with an emphasis on improving police relations with the community, and to provide vocational training and job opportunities for at-risk Timorese youth. The program sought to decrease the risks of violence and instability as the United Nations Mission in Timor-Leste began to withdraw its police monitoring presence.
A Civilian Response Corps member from the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement deployed to U.S. Embassy Dili in 2011 to conduct a baseline assessment of the capacity of the National Police of Timor-Leste and the overall security environment, and to help identify meaningful and measurable indicators with which to assess the impact of the 1207 program.