The G-8 is made up of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. It meets at the Heads of State and Government level in annual Summits to coordinate policy development on a wide range of subjects and to cooperate in implementation. The Lyon/Roma Group of the G-8 provides a forum for focusing collective efforts in the areas of anti-crime and counterterrorism. The G-8 continues to promote initiatives to further our collective ability to disrupt and deter terrorists. The 2006 Summit in Gleneagles was shaken by the July 7, 2005, terrorist attacks in London, which killed 52 people. The Leaders quickly released a statement expressing condolences, assuring solidarity with the people of the UK, and denouncing all terrorist acts. The Leaders not only agreed to work together to bring terrorists to justice wherever they are, but pledged not to allow the terrorists to disrupt the Summit. They continued on with their schedule, which addressed African poverty and climate change, along with counterterrorism issues.
During the UK Presidency of the G-8, initiatives were carried forward to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction, to reinforce international political will to combat terrorism, to secure radioactive sources and, as announced at the 2004 Sea Island Summit, to ensure secure and facilitated travel (SAFTI). The G-8 undertook new commitments to work to improve the sharing of information on the movement of terrorists across international borders, to assess and address the threat to the transportation infrastructure, and to promote best practices for rail and metro security. Joint efforts will continue in order to disrupt the threat from those intent on committing terrorist acts, to prevent the creation of new generations of terrorists, to protect communities against terrorist attacks, and to minimize the consequences of attacks, while upholding human rights in accordance with international law, to continue to build international capacity to fight terrorists, and to enhance international partnerships. The Russian Federation will hold the G-8 Presidency in 2006.