Rape and Domestic Violence: The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, both of which are punishable by up to 15 years’ imprisonment. Although there is no specific law on violence against women, the law penalizes domestic violence with a prison sentence of up to three years for physical or psychological violence. Authorities enforced the law effectively.
According to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, there were 170 reports of domestic violence against women as of September, compared with 207 reports submitted in 2012. Of these, only 113 cases filed complaints against their aggressors. All the cases involved elements of psychological abuse, 40 percent physical abuse, 30 percent economic and social mistreatment, and 20 percent were rape cases or sexual aggressions.
The Interdisciplinary Team on Gender Violence (EAID) provided medical and psychological services as well as legal assistance to victims of domestic violence. It also operated a hotline. In addition the government placed abused women and their children in a shelter, in a hotel, or with families who agreed to provide them shelter. During the year 170 women approached EAID, resulting in the opening of 56 cases. The team also worked on 114 cases that were continuing and pending from previous years. Caritas, a religious nongovernmental organization (NGO), worked closely with the government and with other NGOs on providing support to the victims in their integration into society.
Victims of domestic violence could also request help from the NGO Andorran Women’s Association (ADA), which works for women’s rights. According to ADA, victims were reluctant to file a complaint with police due to fear of reprisal.
Sexual Harassment: The law prohibits sexual harassment under the provisions for other sexual aggressions, punishable by three months’ to three years’ imprisonment. The country’s statistics did not distinguish between cases of sexual harassment and cases of sexual aggression and sexual abuse.
Reproductive Rights: Couples and individuals have the right to decide freely the number, spacing, and timing of children and to have the information and means to do so free from discrimination, coercion, and violence.
Discrimination: The law prohibits discrimination against women privately or professionally with fines up to 24,000 euros ($32,400). Although no cases were filed during the year, the ADA and trade union representatives from the Andorran Trade Union reported cases of gender discrimination especially related to unequal salaries for the same work and workplace bullying. The government’s Department of Statistics estimated that women earned 26 percent less than men for comparable work. The government made an effort to combat pay discrimination in general, and it applied pay equality within the government. There were no limitations on women’s participation in the labor market, and the government encouraged women to participate in politics. Women held fewer senior management positions than men.