There were no reports of abuses of religious freedom; however, some members of the Vodou and Muslim communities complained they did not enjoy the same legal protections as Christians.
Vodou leaders and civil society representatives expressed concern that the May passage of a constitutional amendment could again criminalize the practice of Vodou and lead to increased discrimination against Vodou adherents. Government officials, including the prime minister, immediately responded to these concerns and stressed that the new amendment would not limit the freedom of religious expression. Government officials noted that a 2003 presidential decree recognizing Vodou as a religious practice remained in force. In October and November, government officials met numerous times with Vodou leaders and practitioners to assuage lingering concerns. There were no reports of discrimination against the Vodou community arising from the May constitutional amendment.
The National Council of Muslims in Haiti reported that the MFA continued not to recognize it. Some Muslim religious leaders asserted the government was reluctant to recognize Islam. Muslims married in a religious ceremony did not receive the same government recognition accorded to Christians who married in the church and could obtain government recognition only through a civil court. According to the MFA, Muslims already had some official recognition from the government. The MFA maintained three separate offices to handle administrative issues for Catholics, non-Catholic Christians, Muslims, and those who practiced Vodou.
Many faith-based humanitarian groups arriving after the January 2010 earthquake remained undocumented. Although legally required to register, many nondenominational Christian groups and Vodou practitioners operated informally and did not seek official recognition. There were no reports of this requirement restricting the operation of any religious group.
Organized missionary groups and missionaries affiliated with a wide range of religious groups operated privately funded hospitals, orphanages, schools, and clinics. Foreign missionaries often entered as tourists and submitted paperwork to the MFA similar to that required of domestic religious groups. Bureaucratic problems were the primary cause of delays in issuing residence permits.
The authorities generally permitted prisoners and detainees to practice their religions freely and to request access to a Protestant minister, a Catholic priest, a Vodou leader, or a Muslim cleric. While prisoners and detainees have a legal right to religious observance, the government did not regularly provide religious services at major incarceration centers such as the National Penitentiary. Volunteers provided religious services in some prisons.
There were no reports of anti-Semitic acts.