The constitution and other laws and policies generally protect religious freedom. The constitution provides for a secular state, equality of religions, and freedom of religious expression.
The Office of the Director of Religious and Traditional Affairs under the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security oversees religious matters. The office is responsible for mediating inter-communal conflict, reporting on religious practices, and ensuring religious freedom.
The government requires organized religious groups, not including indigenous groups, to register with the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security. The process is routine and non-discriminatory. Registration does not confer tax preferences or other benefits.
The government prohibits religious instruction in public schools but permits religious groups to operate private schools.
The independent High Council for Islamic Affairs (HCIA) oversees Islamic religious activities, including Arabic language schools and institutions of higher learning, and represents the country at international Islamic forums. In coordination with the president, the HCIA appoints the grand imam, who oversees each region’s high imam and serves as head of the council. The grand imam has the authority, although he does not exercise it, to restrict Muslim groups from proselytizing, regulate the content of mosque sermons, and control activities of Muslim charities.
On November 6, the government signed a diplomatic accord with the Holy See to establish the Catholic Church of Chad as a legal entity, the same status granted to the HCIA. The agreement also outlines a legal framework for the government’s collaboration with the Catholic Church.
Muslim and Christian leaders share a rotational position on the government board that oversees the distribution of oil revenues.