The constitution and other laws and policies generally protect religious freedom.
The Ministry of Home Affairs characterizes its role as maintaining a balance between constitutionally protected rights of religious freedom, free speech, and free expression and maintaining public order. All religious groups must register with the government, which routinely approves such requests. Religious groups are required to apply in writing to the Registrar of Companies for a certificate of registration. The registrar will issue a certificate when satisfied that the nature, extent, objectives, and circumstances of the applicant are non-commercial.
Religious groups operate several schools and health services. The government subsidizes most of the schools administered by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Church of Melanesia, the United Church, the South Seas Evangelical Church, and the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
The public school curriculum includes an hour of daily religious instruction, the content of which is agreed by the five member churches of the SICA. Parents may have their children excused from religious education. Government subsidized church schools must align their curricula with governmental criteria. Non-Christian religious instruction may be provided in the schools upon request.
Government oaths of office customarily are taken on the Bible. The constitution forbids religious tests for public office.