The constitution and other laws and policies generally protect religious freedom.
There is no state religion, but the preamble to the constitution acknowledges “the supremacy of God.” The governor general appoints one of the 13 members of the Senate in accordance with the advice of the Council of Churches and the Evangelical Association of Churches. The membership of these organizations includes the Anglican, Catholic, Methodist, and Presbyterian churches, the Salvation Army, the Chinese Christian Mission, the Chinese Christian Church, and the Seventh-day Adventists.
Under the constitution, freedom of religion is part of broader protections for freedom of conscience. The constitution provides that no one can be compelled to take an oath contrary to one’s religion or belief. The constitution reserves the government’s right to intervene in religious matters “for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of other persons,” including the right to observe and practice any religion “without the unsolicited intervention of members of any other religion.” An unenforced law limits speech that is “blasphemous or indecent.” Discrimination on religious grounds is illegal.
Religious groups must register with the official Companies Registry after paying a fee. Property taxes are not levied on churches and other places of worship, but other church-owned buildings occupied on a regular basis, such as clergy residences, are not exempt.
Foreign religious workers may enter the country and proselytize, but they must register and purchase a religious worker’s permit.
The constitution stipulates that religious groups may establish “places of education” and states that “no such community shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for persons of that community.”
The public school curriculum includes mandatory religious instruction. Most courses cover Christian religious history and traditions. The curriculum ties “spirituality” to social studies courses. Students in both public and church-run schools from kindergarten through sixth grade must receive a weekly class of religious instruction, and some schools offer religion classes daily. The constitution prohibits any educational institution from compelling a child to receive religious instruction or attend any religious ceremony or observance, although there is no system in place to allow students to opt out of the religious elements of the curriculum. Students can abstain from attending religious observances if their parents object.
Most primary and elementary schools, high schools, and colleges are church-affiliated. Catholic holy days are routinely observed as school holidays.
Instances where school administrators do not know the law allowing students to opt out of religious observances with parental consent or where the law is misapplied are usually remedied through parent-school consultations.
The constitution also stipulates that no one shall be required to receive religious instruction or attend services without his or her consent while serving in the armed forces or while detained in prison. The defense force retains a Christian chaplain but does not restrict the practice of other religions.