The constitution and other laws and policies generally protect religious freedom. An anti-blasphemy law is not enforced.
To receive tax-exempt donations or gifts of land, or to perform marriages, religious groups must register with the government, which requires them to demonstrate that they are nonprofit organizations. Otherwise, religious groups have the same rights and obligations as most legal entities, regardless of whether they are registered. They may, for example, own land and hire employees, and are likewise liable for property taxes and government-mandated employee benefits.
The government subsidizes both nondenominational public schools and religiously affiliated public schools, including schools operated by Catholic, Hindu, and Islamic groups. The government permits religious instruction in nondenominational public schools, allocating time each week when any religious group with an adherent in the school may provide an instructor. Attendance at these classes is voluntary, and the religious groups represented are diverse. Parents may enroll their children in private schools for religious reasons. The law does not permit homeschooling.
The Ministry of the People and Social Development is responsible for relations with religious groups and administers annual financial grants to religious groups. It also issues recommendations on land use by such groups.
The law prohibits acts that would offend or insult another person or group on the basis of religion or that would incite religious hatred. Desecration of any place of worship is also prohibited. Judicial review is available to those who claim to be victims of religious discrimination.
Missionaries must meet standard requirements for entry visas and must represent a registered religious group. They may not remain longer than three years per visit, but may re-enter after a year’s absence.