The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, located in The Hague in the Netherlands, has authority to prosecute individuals for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the former Yugoslavia since 1991. The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 827 establishing the court on May 25, 1993.
The tribunal's mission is to promote justice for crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia in order to restore peace and security to the region. It seeks to hold individuals who committed serious violations of international humanitarian law accountable, thereby providing justice for victims and deterring future crimes.
Since its inception in 1993, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia has presided over trials of defendants accused of committing serious violations of international humanitarian law in present day Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Macedonia. One case of note before the court was the trial of Radislav Krstic, a Bosnian Serb general. The Krstic case resulted in the court's first successful conviction, held on appeal, related to genocide. Another notable case was the trial of former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. He went on trial on February 12, 2002, defending himself against 66 counts of crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the Geneva Convention in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo. Milosevic died of natural causes on March 11, 2006 before his trial ended. The final two ICTY fugitives, Ratko Mladić and Goran Hadžić, were apprehended in mid-2011. Mladić’s trial started in mid-2012, while Hadžić’s trial is not expected to begin until October 2012. Several other defendants’ cases are still on trial or on appeal as of August 2012; any appeals not started by July 1, 2013 will be handled by the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals.
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