Palestinian Authority Security Sector Reform Program
The program’s core is to train, equip, and garrison ten 500-man National Security Force (NSF) Special Battalions in the West Bank (WB). The battalions are a gendarmerie-like rapid deployment force to bolster/back up the civilian police and address other serious crimes. U.S. Security Coordinator (USSC) LTG Michael Moeller, who reports to the Secretary, leads this effort in Jerusalem in close cooperation and coordination with the Department’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL). The USSC has developed the overall security assistance concept and strategy and helps oversee its implementation. Congress provides the funds to INL. INL ensures the program conforms to its mandate to provide law enforcement assistance, and is responsible for on-site implementation mostly through contracts and bi-lateral agreements with the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the Government of Jordan for training at the Jordanian International Police Training Center (JIPTC). The PA has deployed U.S.-trained security forces for law enforcement operations and crowd and riot control in Jenin, Hebron, Qalqilyah, Nablus, and Bethlehem. They had a major role in maintaining order in the West Bank during the December 2008/January 2009 Gaza war.
Training: Takes place in cooperation with Jordan.
Equipment: All must be approved by the Government of Israel.
Infrastructure Development: Construction managed and conducted by Palestinians.
Capacity-building: Created a small, Strategic Planning Department in the MOI.
Criminal Justice: Technical assistance program underway to strengthen criminal investigators-prosecutor relations in Jenin and Ramallah; funds obligated to construct police stations.
Corrections Program: Supporting EU and UN programs with training, equipment and construction to improve prison management and corrections facilities.