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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

INL Pakistan Counternarcotics Program


INL and the Government of Pakistan have collaborated on counternarcotics (CN) activities since the 1980s. INL’s counternarcotics portfolio includes training and operational support to law enforcement agencies as well as crop control and demand reduction projects implemented through local channels. Pakistan’s CN efforts are led by the Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) under the Ministry of Narcotics Control, but also include several other law enforcement agencies such as the Frontier Corps- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Frontier Corps – Baluchistan as well as the Home Departments of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan provinces.

Key Program Objectives

  • Support drug supply reduction programs to increase licit income and access to markets.

  • Disrupt the supply of narcotics transiting and/or originating from Pakistan.

  • Promote drug demand reduction and public awareness activities to combat drug use.


  • Crop Control – Annual poppy monitoring, off-season and high-value crop programs, and construction of counternarcotics roads, along with small hydro-electric civic projects to secure community buy-in and participation, to provide farmers access to markets for licit crops.
  • Training, Operational, and Commodity Support – Assistance for law enforcement agencies engaged in CN activities, including the Special Investigation Cell within the ANF.
  • Demand Reduction – Support to drug treatment and rehabilitation centers as well as funding of drug user surveys.


  • Completed over 600 kilometers of counternarcotics roads in FATA (Bajaur, Mohmand, and Khyber agencies) and the Kala Dhaka and Kohistan districts of KP to date.
  • Completed over 875 accompanying counternarcotics civic projects, planted demonstration agricultural plots projects, and trained local farmers in new planting methods.
  • Continued small high-value and off-season crop programs which have increased farmer income beyond that of past illicit crops.
  • Funded successful demand reduction programs in Karachi, Peshawar, rural Balochistan, and near Lahore through local organizations, allowing increased outreach to addicts with rehabilitation, job skills training, and educational opportunities.
  • Currently funds 10 public and private groups that treat drug addicts and promote the “Drug Free” campaign to tens of thousands of Pakistanis.
  • Trained over 1,000 officials from multiple law enforcement agencies in counternarcotics training at the INL-supported Anti-Narcotics Force Academy.


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