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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Africa and the Middle East

Date: 02/10/2014 Description: U.S. training in Ghana - State Dept Image Date: 02/10/2014 Description: West African Officers shake hands - State Dept Image Date: 02/10/2014 Description: Land Border between Benin and Nigeria - State Dept Image

In coordination with partners in Africa and the Middle East, INL develops and executes foreign assistance programming to promote civilian security and criminal justice sector reform in support of U.S. policy objectives. INL programs improve access to justice, promote stability and democratic reform, professionalize law enforcement entities, support local justice sector officials, and strengthen correction systems.

INL’s Africa projects support partner governments’ efforts to respond effectively to the growing demand for peace and security. INL’s four main objectives are to assist African partners in combating transnational organized crime, drug trafficking, and terrorism, and their effects; support post-conflict stabilization operations and security sector reform; strengthen criminal justice systems to be accountable to the public and to respect human rights; and promote regional cooperation. INL implements its Africa program through a comprehensive range of bilateral and regional initiatives designed to maximize positive change in host countries and regions.

In the Middle East and North Africa region, INL establishes and implements foreign assistance programming, in cooperation with our partners, to promote civilian security and criminal justice sector reform in support of U.S. policy objectives. INL seeks to promote strong, professional, and self-sustaining criminal justice and related institutions in the region that can address existing and emerging security threats in a humane, transparent, and equitable manner. West Bank , Iraq, and Lebanon remain INL’s largest programs in the region, and INL is establishing new or greatly expanded programs in Arab countries undergoing transition. While most of INL programs in the region are through bilateral partnerships, INL has developed new regional initiatives in recognition of a greater need for regional cooperation among neighboring countries.

Regional Initiatives

The West Africa Cooperative Security Initiative

The West Africa Cooperative Security Initiative (WACSI) is a comprehensive interagency strategy targeting drug trafficking and transnational organized crime (TOC) in West Africa. INL and U.S. government partners execute programming designed to: 1) build accountable institutions; 2) establish legal and policy frameworks; 3) strengthen security operations; 4) reinforce justice operations; and 5) address the socio-economic causes and consequences of TOC. INL and U.S. government partners have active programming under all five pillars of the strategy. All members of the Economic Community of West African States are eligible for assistance under WACSI. More»

The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership

The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year U.S. strategy aimed at developing resilient institutions that are capable of preventing and responding to terrorism in a holistic, long term manner. INL TSCTP programs work to counter and prevent violent extremism by empowering partner countries to (1) provide effective and accountable security and justice services to enhance citizen cooperation with and trust in law enforcement and (2) develop the institutional foundation for counterterrorism and related capabilities, including border security and prison security and reintegration efforts. In doing so, INL focuses on enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among TSCTP countries so that they increasingly learn with and from each other. Partner countries include Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia. More»

The Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism

The Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism (PREACT) is the U.S. government’s multi-year, multi-sector initiative to build the long-term capabilities of East African partners to contain, disrupt, and marginalize terrorist networks in the region. INL’s PREACT funds empower East African criminal justice institutions to confront complex challenges posed by cross-border terrorism. PREACT partner countries include Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. More»

North Africa Regional Criminal Justice Sector Workshops

The North Africa Regional Criminal Justice Sector Reform workshops provide a platform for transition countries in the Middle East and North Africa to share best practices, learn from each other how to reform their criminal justice sector institutions, and devise regional approaches. Attendees represent law enforcement and justice providers and ministries, as well as members of parliament and civil society from Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, and Yemen. More»

Regional Anti-Corruption Program

Through the UN Development Programme’s Anti-Corruption and Integrity in Arab Countries Regional Project, INL is strengthening the capacity of government agencies and non-governmental organizations in more than a dozen MENA countries to reduce corruption risks that contribute to ineffective institutions and instability, including by implementing countries’ commitments under the UN Convention against Corruption, raising citizens’ awareness of corruption, and connecting officials and civil society leaders in the region to share best practices.

INL also is partnering with the Department of Justice as part of the United States’ commitment under the G8 Deauville Partnership with Arab Countries in Transition to facilitate transition countries’ recovery of stolen assets, including capacity-building trainings and meetings organized under the Arab Forum on Asset Recovery (AFAR).

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