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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Guatemala



Challenges:  Guatemala continues to serve as a major transit country for illegal drugs. Estimates state that 90 percent of narcotics moving from South America to the United States pass through the Central American/Mexican corridor, with as much as 80 percent of that amount transiting Guatemala. President Otto Perez Molina, now halfway through his term of office, continues to prioritize the fight against drug trafficking and violence, and Guatemala achieved some success in 2013 as evidenced by the increase in drug seizures. Nevertheless, the Government of Guatemala’s (GOG) fight against narcotics trafficking is hampered by the country’s weak public institutions, pervasive corruption, and lack of funding.

The country’s geographic location, crime, corruption, and limited governmental and security presence impede effective law-enforcement operations and judicial processing in general and counter narcotics efforts in particular. Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTO) and Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCO) are able to move drugs, precursor chemicals, persons, and bulk cash through Guatemala with little hindrance, especially along the vast under-governed border areas. The cultivation of opium poppies, whose derivate latex gum is principally exported to Mexico, continues and increasing amounts of marijuana are grown for domestic use.

Over the past two years, President Perez Molina has raised the issue of narcotics legalization in international fora, including the OAS and UN. Notwithstanding his public call for rutas alternativas in the fight against narcotics, Perez Molina has stated that Guatemala will not unilaterally move to legalize narcotics and there does not appear to be a pullback from his administration on counter narcotics activities.

Goals:  INL programs in Guatemala support the government’s efforts to reduce crime and violence; professionalize the National Civilian Police (PNC); increase the capacity of justice sector actors and institutions; counter narcotics efforts; and provide support for the recently nationalized aviation support program. The programs are carried out in accordance with the goals of the Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI).

Accomplishments:

  • Guatemalan authorities increasingly utilize the 2010 Seized Assets Law. During FY 2013, the Seized Asset Secretariat disbursed more than $2.45 million to various GOG institutions, including the Courts, Public Ministry, Ministry of Government (MOG), Ministry of Defense, and Solicitor General’s Office. This marks an increase of $1.36 million from 2012.
  • The mandate for the UN-backed International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), created in 2007 to investigate and dismantle criminal organizations operating within state institutions, was extended until September 2015. The United States has provided nearly $21 million in support of CICIG since it began operations.
  • The United States continues to be a key provider of assistance aimed at improving the professional capabilities, equipment, and integrity of Guatemala’s police, military, and judicial agencies to enable them to more effectively combat criminal organizations involved in narcotics trafficking and transnational crimes. The end goal of all U.S. assistance efforts is to create effective structures and organizations sustainable by the GOG. As a major milestone in these efforts, in September, 2013, the U.S. government transferred title and operational control of six UH-1H II helicopters, to the Ministry of Government, nationalizing the aviation support program.



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