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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Peru



Challenges:  Although Peru is the world’s top potential producer of cocaine and the second-largest cultivator of coca, with an estimated 50,500 hectares (ha) of coca under cultivation in 2012, the Peruvian government is actively addressing this problem. The majority of cocaine produced in Peru is transported to South American countries for domestic consumption, or for onward shipment to Europe, East Asia, Mexico, Caribbean, and the United States. Domestic consumption of illicit drugs is growing, and the number of treatment and rehabilitation centers falls short of what is needed. The general Peruvian population is increasingly concerned about the impact of drug trafficking and abuse on citizen security, political stability, and the nation’s youth; the environmental damage of illicit drug production; and the impact of corruption on democratic institutions, including the police and the judiciary.

Goals:  We seek to maintain our strong partnership with the Government of Peru to help build expertise on counternarcotics and law enforcement and to reduce the production and trafficking of cocaine from Peru. Additionally, we work to mitigate the impact of transnational crime and increase citizen security through the strengthening of Peru’s criminal justice system and the rule of law. The United States actively supports the Government of Peru’s comprehensive five-year counternarcotics strategy to aggressively eradicate illicit coca, implement alternative development programs, interdict illicit narcotics, and reduce domestic drug abuse.

Accomplishments:  Together, the United States and Peru are producing results:

  • Eradication of illicit coca destined for cocaine production increased 38 percent between 2011 and 2012;
  • Seizures of cocaine rose 31 percent from 2011 to 2012, and seizures of precursor chemicals increased 83 percent from 2011 to 2012;
  • The United States and Peru are jointly constructing a fourth police academy in the major coca-growing and drug production areas east of the Andes mountains of Peru, helping the Peruvian National Police increase its presence where it is most needed;
  • The United States is supporting a Model Police Station Project that will help the Peruvian National Police promote the rule of law and advance citizen security in high-crime, urban areas; and
  • The United States is supporting Peru’s transition to a new Criminal Procedures Code, as well as efforts to improve the investigation and prosecution of money laundering and financial crimes, and strengthen the implementation of new asset forfeiture legislation.



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