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Counternarcotics and Law Enforcement Country Program: Moldova


Fact Sheet
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
January 20, 2009

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Challenges

Moldovan needs for combating corruption and trafficking in persons remain pronounced. In the 2008 corruption rankings by NGO Transparency International (TI), Moldova ranked 109th (out of 145 countries.) Corruption still permeates all facets of Moldovan society, despite the fact that the Moldovan Center for Combating Economic Crime and Corruption (CCECC) has now has been in place for several years. On a positive note, there is now a full-fledged Anti-Corruption Office in the General Procuracy and the RLA has sponsored, with ABA, a series of combined anti-corruption workshops for investigators at the CCECC.

U.S. Law Enforcement Goals

The country’s extreme poverty makes it a major source country for persons – particularly women and girls – trafficked to the Balkans, Western Europe, and the Middle East. As a neighbor of Romania, Moldova now sits on the border of NATO and the European Union (EU). Assistance on fighting trafficking in persons is provided directly by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP). Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) funding focuses on helping Moldova meet EU standards, develop law enforcement institutions, fight corruption, and uphold the rule of law.

U.S. Programs

  • Resident Legal Advisor (RLA): An experienced U.S. Department of Justice prosecutor serves as a resident advisor, providing Moldovan justice sector officials with advice and mentoring to investigators, prosecutors and judges in key areas including legal reform, and investigating and prosecuting organized crime, corruption and trafficking cases. In addition, the RLA will advise on reforms to the criminal law and criminal procedure codes.
  • Defense Bar Program: The American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative is another partner in INL’s program. ABA is promoting criminal law reform in Moldova by supporting effective implementation of the new criminal and procedure codes, and by providing the defense bar with anti-trafficking and anti-corruption training.

U.S. Government Funding FY2006-2008
FY06: $ 1.069 million
FY07: $ 1.62 million
FY08: $ 1.554 million



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