Bolivia is the world's third largest producer of cocaine and a major transit country for Peruvian-origin cocaine. In recent years, Bolivian interdiction results have fallen, in part due to the expulsion of the DEA in January 2009. Cocaine production has risen sharply, largely due to Government of Bolivia (GOB) policies that allow for increased coca cultivation. Still, GOB officials recognize the growing threat posed by drug traffickers and Bolivia’s pivotal role in the illicit drug industry requires continued U.S. engagement. The U.S. remains committed to working with the GOB to improve counternarcotics and justice sector results, expand the capacity of the GOB, and increase regional and international support for Bolivian counterdrug efforts. U.S. Programs
The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs' counternarcotics and law enforcement programs aim to enhance the capabilities of the Government of Bolivia (GOB) to reduce coca cultivation; arrest and bring drug traffickers to justice; disrupt the production of cocaine within Bolivia; interdict and destroy illicit drugs and precursor chemicals moving within and through the country; reduce domestic abuse of cocaine and other illicit drugs; institutionalize a professional law enforcement system; and improve the awareness of the Bolivian population regarding the dangers of illicit drugs. The program also provides logistics support that enables training for BNP officers in modern money laundering and terrorism financing investigative techniques, and on trafficking in persons (TIP) and human rights.
INL programs are complemented by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Integrated Alternative Development (AD) program, which provides support to help diversify the economies of Bolivia’s coca growing regions and reduce communities’ dependency on coca. Alternative development assistance strengthens the competitiveness of Bolivia’s agricultural products in domestic and international markets, helps families establish or expand production of high valued crops in underdeveloped, coca-dependent regions, and improves basic social conditions, such as access to clean water, rural road infrastructure and access to markets. Additionally it supports social infrastructure such as school rehabilitation, teacher housing, potable water, and sanitation.