Key U.S. Program Goals:
The INL program responded to a request by the Government of Nepal (GON) for security assistance and training following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in November 2006. INL’s priorities in Nepal are to provide support and training to facilitate democratic elections, support capacity-building and professionalism of the police and security forces, and enhance the rule of law in Nepal.
Election Commission/Police Security: INL-funded activities first began in Nepal in 2007 with a law enforcement needs assessment. Soon after, an election security training program was launched by DOJ/ICITAP with Nepal Police and Armed Police Force personnel, which included establishing a temporary command center that enabled effective communication links with five regions to coordinate security activities. The assistance was well received and the April 2008 national elections concluded without any major incidents. The Nepal Police completed construction of a new building to house a permanent Command and Control Center and INL-funded equipment has linked 21 local, district, and regional sites in Nepal. The center will be fully functional for future elections and the GON will sustain the system by providing budget support.
Pre-Deployment Training for Darfur: In 2008 and 2009, INL funded several pre-deployment training courses reaching approximately 335 Nepal Police and Armed Police Force members who later deployed as part of the UN-AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
Reconstruction and Stabilization: 1207 funds have supported enhancing the rule of law in Nepal by supporting projects that foster community dialogue with police and youth and youth/gang diversion programs. Implemented by the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP), a baseline survey of 15,000 households in 21 districts of Nepal will provide baseline information about security sector perceptions and will inform communities in order to improve policing strategies. Law enforcement development activities implemented by DOJ/ICITAP have provided infrastructure improvements, equipment, and training for police to better address security issues in the Morang region. Projects include building the Damak police station and surrounding road improvements, regional training center enhancement in Biratnagar, and border station improvements in Rani. Joint police/community partnership activities link the rule of law and law enforcement development program.
Funding FY 2007-2009:
INCLE: International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Funds
1207: Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act
* Reprogrammed FY 2005 INCLE from interregional programs