The Border Security Program (BSP) was established after September 11, 2001 to assist the Government of Pakistan (GOP) in strengthening security along its western border. Through aviation, training, infrastructure, and commodity support, the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) increased the capacity of Pakistani law enforcement agencies under the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) to maintain the “hold” mission of the COIN strategy. More recently, the program has supported flood relief efforts (see below).
Aviation Support and Training
INL provides aviation support and training to enhance the GOP border surveillance and reconnaissance, resupply, intelligence, airlift, and interdiction capabilities. Assistance is provided to the MOI’s 50th Squadron Air Wing, located in Quetta, Balochistan, and includes INL’s 14 Huey II helicopters and three Cessna Caravan aircraft. The Air Wing is also establishing a forward operation location in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) to more efficiently and effectively support the GOP’s civilian law enforcement efforts against the spread of militancy.
INL’s BSP infrastructure improvements have focused on the construction of bridges, roads, and outposts in border regions. Road and bridge construction has provided access to previously inaccessible territory to expand security force presence in those locales. Notably, INL has completed construction of 336 kilometers of border security roads in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). In addition to roads and bridges, INL also completed construction of over 200 outposts in the KP, FATA, Frontier Regions, and Balochistan, benefitting the Frontier Scouts, Frontier Corps, Frontier Constabulary, and Levies. These efforts improved the ability of Pakistan’s security and law enforcement personnel to better monitor the frontier, giving them the ability to better interdict militants, narcotics traffickers, and other criminal elements.
As part of the BSP, INL delivered more than $65 million in equipment to Pakistan’s law enforcement agencies since 2002. This included over 2,500 vehicles, communications equipment, and surveillance gear.
BSP resources were again pressed into service to facilitate humanitarian relief to flood victims and assistance to GOP officials; the Air Wing rescued and transported nearly 1,500 individuals and GOP officials and has delivered more than 251,000 pounds of cargo. In the past, air assets provided a great deal of assistance in aftermath of the catastrophic October 2005 earthquake.