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Diplomacy in Action

State/INL Russia Program


Fact Sheet
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 8, 2011

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Funding FY 2007-2010

  • FY 2007 - $3,630,000 (AEECA*)
  • FY 2008 - $5,320,000 (AEECA*)
  • FY 2009 - $5,240,000 (AEECA*)
  • FY 2010 - $5,600,000 (AEECA*)
  • FY 2011 - $6,100,000 (AEECA*)

*AEECA: Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia

Background: The Russian Federation is the world’s largest nation and home to over 140 million people belonging to more than 160 nationalities. The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought new freedoms to the Russian people but also new opportunities for criminal enterprise and serious challenges to the old Soviet system of justice. Russia’s place in the world economy ensures that threats to the country’s rule of law affect states around the globe, including the United States. The Russian government and citizenry are increasingly recognizing the need for strong legal institutions and law enforcement to combat pervasive crime and protect economic and democratic freedom.

Partnership in promoting the rule of law has proven to be an area of opportunity for the U.S.-Russian relationship. Since 2000, Russia has passed a Code of Criminal Procedure that incorporates basic legal principles such as jury trials, created a regulatory system to combat money laundering, enacted legislation directed against human trafficking and child pornography, and initiated a national action plan to address corruption. Through providing technical assistance at critical junctures, the United States has supported Russia’s steps to strengthen the rule of law and ensure justice and security for its citizens.

Program Goals:

  • To encourage an independent, non-corrupt, and effective Russian legal system.
  •  To expand mutual legal assistance and operational cooperation in investigating and prosecuting transnational crime.
  • To increase Russian participation in multilateral law enforcement efforts.
  • To better protect intellectual property rights.
  • To strengthen counternarcotics efforts, including drug abuse prevention and treatment.
  • To help Russia combat trafficking in persons and forced labor.

Program Components:

  • Resident Legal Advisor Program: Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)-funded Department of Justice advisors provide technical assistance and training to advance access to justice, due process, and the protection of human rights. They work to enhance practical application of Russia’s Code of Criminal Procedure and pertinent international standards, as well as to increase Russian capacity to effectively investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases. They also design and implement activities, in collaboration with the GOR, that facilitate U.S.-Russian law enforcement cooperation and improve investigations of complex crimes, including sexual exploitation, human trafficking, money laundering, and intellectual property theft.
  • Criminal Law and Municipal Anti-Corruption Programs: INL funds the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) to provide training to defense attorneys on topics such as jury trial skills, European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) standards, representing victims, advancing the position of the defense in pre-trial proceedings, and ethical conduct. The program emphasizes Continuing Legal Education (CLE) for advocates, as well as training for regional bureaus of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs to assist police in identifying victims of human trafficking. ABA ROLI also conducts anti-corruption training in Russia’s seven federal regions, providing recommendations for new legislation and distributing educational materials explaining what citizens can do to fight corruption.
  • Anti-Money-Laundering Program: Working through and international NGO, the Financial Services Volunteer Corps (FSVC), INL will provide technical support to the Russian Federation’s Financial Intelligence Unit, RosfinMonitoring, to enhance the ability of the FIU to trace and interdict illicit financial flows.
  • Transnational Crime and Corruption Program: INL supports four regional centers, via George Mason University’s Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) to foster links among Russian government employees, scholars, legislators, and law enforcement officers. The centers provide input into drafting of legislation, organize working groups to discuss regional crime problems, launches research initiatives on high-priority crime areas, and conducts summer schools and grant programs for scholars and students.
  • Trafficking-in-Persons Program: INL funds the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to support a rehabilitation center for victims of trafficking in persons (TIP) that provides a full range of services, as well as to train local NGOs on standards and procedures for referral of and assistance to TIP victims, to improve public awareness of the the TIP problem, and to sustain and improve networking between NGOs, social services, and law enforcement agencies.
  • Drug Education Program: INL funds a Russian NGO, the Health and Development Foundation (HDF), formerly Healthy Russia Foundation (HRF), to provide peer and in-school education for students, with the goal of reducing demand for drugs and the spread of HIV in the Russian Far East. HDF conducts train-the-trainer sessions focused on drug prevention, and implements an educational curriculum that involves participatory activities and encourages healthy lifestyles, including awareness of the dangers of drug and alcohol addiction.
  • Support to Bi-national Presidential Commission (BPC): In FY 2010, $350,000 was authorized to support the work of the Civil Society Working Group of the BPC, including support for participation of Working Group members in the meetings of the Working Group in both the United States and the Russian Federation.



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