Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 8, 2011
Funding FY 2006- 2010:
FY 2006 - $420,000 (FSA)
FY 2007 - $550,000 (FSA)
FY 2008 - $585,000 (FSA)
FY 2009 - $625,000(AEECA)
FY2010: -$825,000 (AEECA)
*AEECA: Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Funds
**FSA: Freedom Support Act
Turkmenistan’s 744-kilometer border with Afghanistan and an extensive outlet to the Caspian Sea make the country a prime drug transit corridor. Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) has provided only limited bilateral training assistance to the Government of Turkmenistan since 1998. Through its foreign assistance programs, INL promotes the key U.S. foreign policy objectives of supporting stabilization operations and promoting security sector reform by helping Turkmenistan strengthen control of its borders and advance the goals of long-term regional stability.
INL began a series of meaningful U.S. assistance in the criminal justice sector in 2004 when the Government of Turkmenistan began to display a willingness to cooperate on counternarcotics, including forensic lab training and equipment and border security programs. INL is currently working with the Government of Turkmenistan develop the capacity of law enforcement to interdict narcotics and investigate drug-related crime.
Justice System Development: INL funds the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative to implement a program to link the international trade and commerce sectors of Turkmenistan more closely to international rule of law through facilitating greater compliance with international trade norms and bolstering elements of anti-corruption legislation currently within Turkmen law.
Forensic Science Development: INL also funds the Department of Justice, International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) to support the rule of law by bolstering the ability of the Turkmen government to present reliable and credible forensic evidence in criminal proceedings. The program mentors Turkmen forensic scientists in developing active quality assurance program and international accreditation for forensic labs and processes.
Counternarcotics, Border and Maritime Security: INL has supported the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its efforts to improve narcotics interdiction on Turkmenistan’s borders. This project provides a range of counternarcotics detection and interdiction techniques to border guards, customs agents, and police. INL will continue to improve narcotics interdiction on Turkmenistan’s border with Afghanistan by creating formal communication networks and training initiatives with their Afghan counterparts. INL is also looking to help the Government of Turkmenistan improve security at their Caspian ports. This includes an assessment of port facilities at main port of Turkmenbashiy, development of a written action plan, and drug interdiction training and equipment. Finally, INL is working to improve communication between Turkmenistan’s law enforcement and their Central Asian neighbors, Afghanistan, and Europe through English language training classes for Customs, Border Guards, and Police Officers.
Anti-Trafficking in Persons: INL funds counter-trafficking programs through the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The IOM program is focused on law enforcement cooperation and information exchange, while the UNODC program focuses on the legislative changes and Turkmenistan’s capacity to implement the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. These complementary programs aim to prevent human trafficking through capacity building measures and training on the effective methods to combat the phenomenon of trafficking based on international experience and best practices.
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