The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) provides a Corrections Program in partnership with Iraq’s Ministry of Justice. Since 2003, INL has funded U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) corrections advisors to mentor and train senior-level Iraq Corrections Service (ICS) and Ministry of Justice personnel. The program’s mentoring and advice, along with prison construction and renovation, have raised ICS capacity to operate a safe, secure, and humane system that complies with Iraqi law and international standards.
The corrections program has helped expand the ICS from approximately 7,000 to 15,000 officers, establishing a basic training program now run independently by the ICS. ICS prisons now largely meet international standards, under the leadership of skilled wardens.
Since 2007, INL has also funded several U.S. Army Corps of Engineers prison construction and rehabilitation projects. Through these projects, the U.S. has provided approximately 6,000 prison beds at locations throughout Iraq.
The INL’s corrections program ramped down in December 2011. Currently, a Baghdad-based INL corrections advisor continues to mentor and advise in the areas of budget development, strategic planning, and advanced management training.
The State Department and DOJ plan to establish a Pre-Trial Detentions Program in early 2012, in partnership with the Iraqi Ministry of Interior (MOI). This program is designed to raise MOI capacity to operate pre-trial detention centers that are safe, secure, and humane. Like the successful work in corrections, the detentions program seeks to align Iraq’s pre-trial detentions practices with internationally accepted standards.
The State Department is committed to using tax dollars effectively and efficiently. INL is standing up a monitoring and evaluation team in Iraq to assess the performance of all its Iraq programs. In addition, INL works closely with the oversight community to further strengthen program management.