On October 1, 2011, the State Department’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) began a program to assist the Iraqi Ministry of Interior (MOI) in the further development of its law enforcement institutions. The Police Development Program (PDP) helps Iraq raise its capabilities to fight crime and terrorism while promoting the rule of law and respect for human rights.
INL’s PDP builds on the foundation Iraq already has established with earlier Department of Defense assistance, which focused heavily on basic training and counter-insurgency. The PDP’s focus is on further developing the organizational and management infrastructure on which effective law enforcement institutions depend. It also provides assistance to strengthen training capacities and advanced technical skills and enhance police-civilian relations.
Senior police advisors (SPAs) are mentoring and advising senior officials at over 20 sites throughout Iraq, including Iraq’s Ministry of Interior, national and provincial police colleges and academies, and provincial police headquarters. The SPAs constitute one of the most senior U.S. Government police advisory teams ever deployed abroad, with years of executive-level law enforcement and international experience that enables them to be true peer advisors to their Iraqi counterparts.
The PDP also utilizes and benefits from USG interagency expertise – specifically it funds Department of Homeland Security (DHS) experts who advise and mentor counterparts at the Iraqi Department of Border Enforcement (DBE). The DHS advisors help DBE officials counter document fraud, human trafficking, cross-border drug trafficking and smuggling.
The PDP also engages the interagency (e.g., DHS and the Department of Justice) and other entities (e.g., professional and academic institutions, state and local police academies) to provide specialized training for Iraqi police both in Iraq and out of country.
The State Department is committed to using tax dollars effectively and efficiently. INL is standing up a monitoring and evaluation team in Iraq to assess the performance of all its Iraq programs, including the PDP. In addition, INL works closely with the oversight community to further strengthen program management.
By building capabilities, the PDP partnership with the Government of Iraq is preparing the MOI and Iraqi police forces to take the lead role in maintaining Iraq’s internal security.