Bolivia is the world's third largest cocaine producer and a significant transit zone for Peruvian-origin cocaine. U. S. government surveys estimate that approximately one percent of the cocaine seized in the United States and submitted for testing originates from Bolivia.
On September 15, 2011, the President of the United States determined for the fourth consecutive year that the Government of Bolivia “failed demonstrably” to make sufficient efforts to meet its obligations under counternarcotics (CN) conventions. This Presidential determination was based, in part, on evidence that Bolivia had yet to reverse the increases in net coca cultivation of the past several years.
Although The Bolivian government’s eradication program is meeting its stated targets, when taken as a whole, Bolivia's eradication and interdiction results have not been sufficient to adequately reverse high coca cultivation and cocaine production levels. Bolivia's policy to consider 20,000 hectares of coca cultivation as licit, and its withdrawal from the 1961 U.N. Convention contribute to the international view that Bolivia's efforts to meet its international CN obligations were insufficient.
The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs counternarcotics and law enforcement programs aim to enhance the Government of Bolivia’s capability to interdict the flow of illegal drugs and coca, arrest and bring drug traffickers to justice, institutionalize a professional law enforcement system, as well as advance overall U.S. interests in our relationship with Bolivia. A restructured program will focus primarily on capacity building for police, prosecutors and judges, the judicial system’s ability to combat crimes, and anti-corruption.