The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) partners with the CPD and Juvenile Rehabilitation Directorate (JRD) in the development of a safe, secure, and humane Afghan corrections system that meets international standards and Afghan cultural requirements. Founded in 2006, INL’s corrections program provides training, advisory support, capacity building, equipment, salary support, and infrastructure assistance to the CPD.
Corrections System Support Program (CSSP): CSSP provides basic and advanced training, leadership capacity building initiatives, small-scale infrastructure assistance, support for the implementation of a nationwide classification and case management system, and a particular focus on reintegration and rehabilitation of insurgent inmates. CSSP is based in Kabul and has a permanent presence in eight provinces, with teams operating from Regional Training Centers (RTCs) in Balkh, Herat, Nangarhar, Kunduz, and Paktia and at the Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) in Kandahar and Bamiyan.
CSSP-advised programs have trained over 7,000 Central Prison Directorate (CPD) corrections officers and—through a train-the-trainers program—equipped CPD with the capacity to conduct their own trainings. CPD master trainers now teach 90% of the corrections basic course and in-service training. Since the implementation of a nationwide prisoner classification system, over 12,000 prisoners have been classified, helping CPD separate national security inmates from the general population.
Infrastructure: INL is renovating Pol-i-Charki prison—Afghanistan’s central prison just outside Kabul—and is constructing new provincial prisons in Baghlan and Wardak. Plans are underway for INL to build a new model prison in Balkh and to expand Herat provincial prison to alleviate overcrowding. INL also implements small-scale humanitarian and security renovations at correctional facilities. To bolster infrastructure sustainability, INL’s CSSP is set to begin training specialized Afghan facility maintenance teams.
State Partnerships: In August 2011, INL entered into a grant agreement with the Colorado Department of Corrections to create the International Correctional Management Training Center (ICMTC). The first class of Afghan prison commanders attended a three week training program at the ICMTC in March 2012. INL also partners with state departments of corrections to provide specialized training for international correctional officers.
Vulnerable Inmate Populations: INL’s targeted small grants program focuses on quick impact humanitarian, educational, and vocational projects for women (and their children) and juveniles.
Justice Center in Parwan: INL and CJIATF-435, in partnership with the Afghan Government, established a Justice Center in Parwan (JCIP) to facilitate fair and transparent prosecutions of national security cases within the Afghan criminal justice system. The JCIP allows the U.S. military to transfer military detainees into Afghan civilian custody, where they are indicted and prosecuted by Afghan partners. INL provides U.S. and Afghan attorney advisors as well as infrastructure and material support.
Priority Reform and Reorganization (PRR): INL helped CPD implement PRR, which rationalized CPD’s staffing levels and required that each staff member take a standardized test to ensure he/she is qualified for his/her position. After the implementation of PRR, INL and other international donors began providing funding for CPD salaries through the UN Development Program’s Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA).