INL’s Office of Europe and Asia (EA) programs supports foreign policy goals of regional stability and strategic engagement with programs ranging from basic law enforcement training and justice sector reform to sophisticated technical assistance in the areas of transnational organized crime, counternarcotics, legislative drafting, and prosecuting computer and financial crimes to civil society rule of law programs. As the Balkan countries have grown increasingly capable, our focus is shifting to improving Central Asian countries’ capacity to manage criminal and drug threats after the U.S. drawdown from Afghanistan in 2014, and to increasing our efforts in Southeast Asia, particularly through transnational crime and justice sector programs.
Balkans/Eurasia/Central Asia: INL programs build governments’ and societies’ capacities to respond effectively to transnational crime (including narcotics trafficking), reform law enforcement and justice sector institutions, and bolster the rule of law.
In Europe, we are working to strengthen Balkan governments’ capacity to combat organized crime and corruption through criminal justice sector reform.
Our programs in Eurasia focus on law enforcement reform through training and technical assistance to police academies, border guards, forensic laboratories, and probation departments. We also support justice sector reform by assisting governments with drafting and enacting new Criminal Procedure Codes effectively addressing trafficking in persons and ensuring more equitable justice. The Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI) builds the capacity of Central Asian countries to combat narcotics trafficking collectively and with Afghan authorities. CACI supports efforts to develop specialized operational counternarcotics units or task forces that will use common intelligence analysis platforms, modern investigative techniques, case development, and regional cooperation to disrupt significant organized drug trafficking rings.
South and East Asia: INL’s Asia programs are expanding as U.S. policy increasingly focuses on long-term strategic interests in the Asia Pacific. In 2010, INL established an East Asia and Pacific Regional Program, which seeks to improve the capacity of law enforcement and prosecutors to cooperate with each other on cross-border crime, primarily in Southeast Asia. Notably, it supports INL’s initial counternarcotics activities with Burma. Other programs include Indonesia, where our assistance supports both broad reform and institution-building efforts in the law enforcement and justice sectors and specialized training on money laundering and terrorism; the Philippines, where we fund police training and infrastructure development, support an interagency counter-drug task force, and foster leadership development in the judiciary and prosecutors’ office; and Nepal, where we fund police training and justice sector reform.