CBP processes all goods, vehicles, and people entering and exiting the 329 Ports of Entry (POE) within 20 field offices of the United States. CBP has also been charged with the border regulatory functions of passport control and agriculture inspections in order to provide comprehensive control services. CBP is the nation‘s first line of defense against the introduction of narcotics and dangerous contraband items from foreign sources.
CBP officers and agriculture specialists inspected 351.5 million travelers and more than 107 million cars, trucks, buses, train, vessels and aircrafts. They also performed more than 26.7 million agricultural inspections and made 1.6 million interceptions (prohibited meats, plants and insect pests). CBP officers seized more than 759,000 pounds of drugs, arrested more than 24,000 suspected criminals and turned away more than 144,000 inadmissible aliens. CBP seizes an average of $274,065 in illicit currency at the borders on a daily basis.
CBP deploys approximately 46,346 law enforcement officers daily in 26,000 tactical vehicles, 260 aircraft, 290 watercraft, 367 horse patrols and 1,580 canine teams to keep our border secure.
Security at the Border: The Office of Field Operations (OFO) oversees nearly 28,000 employees with more than 21,775 dedicated officers and 2,414 Agriculture Specialists that protect U.S. borders from 20 Field Offices, 329 ports of entry, 15 preclearance stations in Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean and 58 Container Security Initiative Ports.
The Office of Border Patrol (OBP) is assigned the mission of securing the border against all threats between the POEs along the over 8,000 miles of land and coastal borders. These threats include criminal or undocumented aliens, drug smugglers, potential terrorists, wanted criminals, and persons seeking to avoid inspection at the designated POEs. OBP’s drug interdiction activity includes staffing 139 stations within 20 sectors, with 31 permanent checkpoints nationwide.
The Office of Air and Marine (OAM) engages in air and marine interdiction, law enforcement, and air domain security. It targets the conveyances that illegally transport narcotics, arms, and aliens across U.S. borders and in the Source, Transit and Arrival Zones. OAM achieved 81,045 flight hours in aircraft in FY2012. In support of Source and Transit Zone interdiction operations, the Air and Marine P-3 Program has dedicated a minimum of 5,500 hours a year in support of Joint Interagency Task Force – South (JIATF-S).
In FY 2012, the P-3 Air Wing accounted for 117, 103 pounds of cocaine either seized or disrupted with a value of $8.76 billion. The Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) flew a record 5,737 hours in FY2012, the most in the program’s history. UAS missions contributed to the seizure of more than 66,500 pounds of narcotics and the detection of more than 12,000 persons crossing our border illegally since March 2012.
Security Beyond the Borders: As part of its efforts to extend the nation‘s zone of security beyond U.S. ports of entry, the Office of International Affairs (INA) works with other U.S. government and foreign government components to provide a wide array of short-term and long-term technical training and assistance to countries throughout the world. These programs are designed to standardize and build the capacity of foreign organizations to implement more effective customs trade operations, border policing, and immigration inspection.
International Engagement Programs: CBP has a growing network of Attachés, Representatives and Advisors who serve abroad in U.S. Embassies along with the Combatant Commands from the Department of Defense. These personnel work closely with CBP’s foreign counterparts in the ongoing effort to counter drug-smuggling.
Technical Assistance Programs: INA coordinates and presents over 257 technical assistance programs to thousands of foreign participants each year. The majority of these programs take place outside the United States, although CBP also hosts training events at specific U.S. ports of entry.
Capacity Building Programs: In 2012, INA provided technical training and assistance in support of the ILEA-International Law Enforcement Academy programs currently operating in Bangkok, Budapest, Gaborone, San Salvador, and Lima. INA provided 257 capacity building sessions in 64 countries for foreign partners, including 17 courses at the ILEAs.
International Visitors Programs: The International Visitors Program (IVP) provides an opportunity for foreign customs officials and other foreign officials working on contraband enforcement issues to consult with their U.S. counterparts and appropriate high level managers in CBP Headquarters. During FY 2012, 80 countries participated in 450 visits, hosting over 2,491 participants.
Bulk Currency Smuggling Training: Bulk Currency Smuggling training assists foreign government enforcement personnel in identifying techniques used by bulk currency smugglers. Further, it helps them to design and implement programs to counter that threat, resulting in seizures of millions of dollars in the proceeds of crime.
Tactical Response Training: At the request of the State Department’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, the Border Patrol Conducts training focused in South and Central American countries and also participates in training for the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Foreign-Deployed Advisory Support Teams bound for Afghanistan. The Special Operations Group (SOG) is comprised of both Border Patrol Tactical Operations (BORTAC) and Border Patrol Search and Trauma & Rescue (BORSTAR) personnel/specialties and provides the majority, but not all the instructors and operators. In FY 2013, the Border Patrol provided law enforcement training to foreign nationals in several countries within Central and South America. The number of personnel trained in each country is as follows: 50 in Honduras, 20 in Belize, 240 in Guatemala, 86 in Panama 28 in Mexico and 32 in Peru.