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Regional Narcotics Training, Drug Awareness, and Demand Reduction


International Narcotics and Law Enforcement: FY 2002 Budget Justification
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
May 2001
Report
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 Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2000
Actual

FY 2001
Estimated

FY 2002
Request

9,000

10,000

12,000

Objectives

Regional Narcotics Law Enforcement Training

    Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction

      Justification

      This program category includes two discrete functional activities. Regional narcotics training is designed to assist cooperating countries in creating effective national organizations for investigating drug trafficking and interdicting illegal narcotics. Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction seeks to reduce the worldwide demand for illicit drugs by motivating foreign governments and institutions into giving increased attention to the negative effects of drug abuse upon society. It is important to note that additional funding for these activities comes from other program categories within the INL budget.

      Regional Narcotics Training

      International counternarcotics training is managed and funded by the U.S. Department of State and carried out by the DEA, the U.S. Customs Service and the U.S. Coast Guard. Since 1971, INL has transferred over $126 million to DEA, Customs and the Coast Guard, resulting in training for more than 72,000 foreign counternarcotics officials. Generally, training programs in the U.S. are tailored to senior-level management and policy-level officials, while programs offered overseas are reserved for operational personnel.

      Accomplishments. During the past year, INL training has become more specialized and focused. The training provided was tailored for the level of sophistication of the foreign law enforcement entity receiving the training, and more emphasis was placed on the countries that are major producers or transit countries. Additionally, where possible joint training was done by two or more U.S. agencies. Regional training courses were used as much as possible to bring together law enforcement officials from neighboring countries in order to foster increased cooperation and coordination of law enforcement activities. Basic instruction programs were provided only in countries having limited experience with counternarcotics activities.

      Narcotics training dealt with all types of narcotics and drugs of abuse, with primary emphasis on heroin and cocaine trafficking and abuse. A greater emphasis was also placed on "designer" drugs such as Ecstasy, which are being abused by the youth in many countries. The International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEA’s) in Budapest and Bangkok were used as venues for law enforcement training courses where possible.

      FY 2002 Programs. Expansion of INL’s narcotics training programs constitutes one of the surest means for implementing the current USG counternarcotics strategy for institution building and promotion of host nation self-sufficiency. Counternarcotics efforts overseas will be evaluated in terms of what they have done to bring about establishment of effective host country enforcement institutions, resulting in taking drugs out of circulation before they ever start their journey toward the U.S.

      INL-funded training will continue to support the major U.S. and international strategies for combating narcotics trafficking worldwide. Emphasis will be given to promoting training on a regional basis, and to contributing to the activities of international organizations, such as the UNDCP and the OAS. INL will continue to furnish programs only to those countries considered to be high priority for U.S. counternarcotics interests. Through the meetings of major donors, the Dublin Group, UNDCP and other international fora, INL will coordinate with other providers of training, and urge them to shoulder greater responsibility in providing training that serves their particular strategic interests.

      Programs dealing with financial crimes (i.e., methods for promoting asset seizure and combating money laundering) will continue to expand. INL will maintain its role of coordinating the activities of Washington-based agencies in response to assistance requests from U.S. embassies. This will avoid duplication of effort, and ensure that presentations represent the full range of USG policies and procedures.

      The demand from foreign governments through U.S. embassies abroad for INL-sponsored training continues to exceed what can be provided with available resources. In addition to the resources provided through this account and other parts of the INL budget, SEED Act and FSA monies (transferred from USAID) were used to fund counternarcotics training in Eastern Europe and the NIS. Continued funding will allow us to accommodate the growing emphasis on law enforcement training as a vehicle for achieving many of the basic objectives of USG counternarcotics policy.

      Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction

      Demand reduction refers to efforts to reduce use and abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The need for demand reduction is evident by the fact that escalating drug use and abuse continue to take a devastating toll on the health, welfare, security, and economic stability of all nations. As recognition of the domestic problem grows, foreign countries increasingly request technical and other assistance from the USG to address their problems, citing long-term U.S. experience and efforts in this area. Such assistance can play an important role in helping to preserve the stability of societies threatened by increasing drug abuse. On the other hand, extensive public/private sector networks (national and regional) of demand reduction programs are facilitating support for overall USG counternarcotics policies in foreign countries. Finally, foreign countries are collaborating with the USG on developing model research-based programs to improve the delivery of prevention/treatment services and reduction of drug-related violence among youth.

      Accomplishments. Because of INL-funded training and technical assistance, host governments have been able to engage their own national institutions, communities and resources to address their demand for illicit drugs. Significant accomplishments include: countries in Southeast Asia continue to develop and staff their own treatment/prevention programs (e.g., in Thailand, the Department of Corrections instituted drug intervention programs in 75 institutions covering 2,500 drug addicted inmates daily); countries in South America implemented their own national-level antidrug media campaigns (e.g., local media advertisers and business in Venezuela and Brazil contribute between $5-18 million annually to antidrug media advertisements); INL co-sponsored regional training events (Latin America, Asia, Russia/Eastern Europe) and specialized prevention projects for high-risk youth (Latin America) with the Governments of Spain, Italy, and Japan, UNDCP, OAS, Colombo Plan, Inter-American Development Bank and the Mentor Foundation; youth-based drug intervention programs in Latin American developed from INL training have produced high retention and success rates (i.e., reintegration into society) that are now being studied to help improve U.S.-based programs; and public/private sector demand reduction networks significantly increased membership in the western hemisphere (3,000 organizations) and internationally (6,000 organizations from over 70 countries).

      FY 2002 Program. INL-funded training will continue to strengthen host nation counternarcotics institutions so that they can conduct more effective demand reduction and public awareness programs on their own. The program will give particular attention to cocaine producing and transit countries in Latin America and address the heroin threat from Southeast Asia and Colombia. An expanded area of focus will be Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, which could benefit from the development of research-based demand reduction programs. These activities will be undertaken in collaboration with other donor countries and international organizations to reflect the Administration’s emphasis on increased multilateral activities.

      The training and technical assistance program in FY 2002 will be designed to prevent onset of use, to intervene at critical decision points in the lives of at-risk populations to prevent both initial use and further use, and to improve effective treatment programs for the addicted. The program will expand its emphasis on the development of national, regional, and international coalitions of public/private sector organizations to strengthen international cooperation and actions against the drug trade. Programs will continue to facilitate cross-cultural, comparative research to directly benefit foreign and U.S.-based demand reduction programs. The results of this research will be a compilation of best-practices, common program elements, and lessons learned from organizations in selected countries that have developed successful demand reduction programs, both INL and self-funded. In addition to the treatment and youth anti-gang/violence best practices studies initiated last fiscal year, new research in FY 2002 will evaluate juvenile correctional institutions and identify drug prevention best practices programs.

      The Public Awareness Program will enhance the ability of host countries to build public support and strengthen the political will for implementing strong counternarcotics programs. Training will focus the development of national-level drug awareness campaigns that demonstrate connections between the drug trade and other concerns such as economic growth, democracy and the environment. On the local level, training will focus on the establishment of effective drug awareness/education campaigns in schools and the community, including the use of the media and advertising resources. Technical assistance will focus on helping host governments conduct sustained drug awareness campaigns by developing linkages between the corporate sector and the mass media.

      The Demand Reduction Program budget request will accommodate the increased need for training, enhance the development of international, regional and national counternarcotics partnerships, and facilitate cross-cultural, comparative research designed to improve U.S.-based services. At the policy level, the program will focus assistance on building and strengthening national-level counternarcotics institutions with the capacity to develop comprehensive policies, programs, and strategies. At the international and regional levels, the program will enhance regional and international coalitions of NGOs developed from FYs 1996-2001, to mobilize international opinion against the drug trade, to and encourage governments to develop and implement strong counternarcotics policies and programs.

      At the grassroots level, the program will continue to help establish and sustain strong community partnerships and coalitions of publican private sector programs for drug prevention, expand community mobilization efforts, and create or enhance effective community- and school-based prevention programs. A goal of strong community-based partnerships is to establish demand reduction programs, which address drug-related crime and violence and support national policies.

      The demand from foreign countries for INL-sponsored technical assistance on drug prevention programming continues to increase at a rapid rate. At the same time, membership in INL-sponsored international and regional demand reduction networks has exceeded all expectations, and initial findings from INL-funded research have the potential of directly benefiting U.S.-based programs. Increased funding will allow us to better mobilize international opinion and cooperation against the drug trade, encourage governments to develop and implement strong antidrug policies and programs, and strengthen support for USG counternarcotics policies and initiatives.

      Effectiveness Measurements

      Regional Narcotics Training

        Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction

          Regional Narcotics Training, Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction

          INL Budget

          ($000)

           

          FY 2000

          FY 2001

          FY 2002

          Regional Narcotics Training

               

          Drug Enforcement Admin. Training

          2,947

          2,700

          3,000

          Customs Service Training

          1,683

          2,100

          2,300

          Coast Guard Training

          389

          500

          500

          Training Operations Support

          55

          200

          200

          Subtotal

          5,074

          5,500

          6,000

          Drug Awareness & Demand Reduction

               

          Contracts/Grants/Agreements

          3,570

          2,500

          4,000

          Training

          356

          2,000

          2,000

          Subtotal

          3,926

          4,500

          6,000

          Total

          9,000

          10,000

          12,000

           
        • Establishment of community partnerships and NGO coalitions; and
        • Host nations establish and fund treatment, prevention and public awareness programs.
        • Appropriate foreign personnel receive professional training and are subsequently utilized to carry out counternarcotics activities;
        • Host nations become less dependent on U.S. assistance and are able to deliver a wide range of counternarcotics training on their own; and
        • Closer cooperation between U.S. and foreign enforcement agencies, leading to enforcement actions that are disruptive to the illicit drug trade.
        • Strengthen the ability of host nations to conduct more effective demand reduction efforts on their own;
        • Encourage drug producing and transit countries to invest resources in drug awareness, demand reduction, and training to build public support and political will for implementing counternarcotics programs;
        • Improve coordination of, and cooperation in, international drug awareness and demand reduction issues involving the U.S., donor countries and international organizations; and
        • Utilize accomplishments in the international program to benefit U.S. demand reduction services at home.
        • Contribute to the basic infrastructure for carrying out counternarcotics law enforcement activities in cooperating countries;
        • Improve technical and investigative skills of counternarcotics law enforcement personnel in key narcotics countries; and
        • Increase cooperation and coordination between U.S. and foreign law enforcement officials.


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