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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Andean Counterdrug Initiative


International Narcotics and Law Enforcement: FY 2004 Budget Justification
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
June 2003
Report
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Bolivia Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

87,600 90,727 91,000

Program Objectives and Measures of Effectiveness The Government of Bolivia (GOB) develops stronger, cohesive democratic government institutions capable of disrupting narcotics production and trafficking in Bolivia.

The size of the illegal coca sub-economy and the amount of coca exports will be decreased.

The awareness of the local populace of the dangers of drug abuse and trafficking to Bolivia’s economy and society will be increased.

The production and export of coca and cocaine products from Bolivia is significantly reduced through eradication of illicit coca, increased interdiction, and the more robust economic growth in the Chapare and the Yungas regions.

The residual coca will be reduced (and new plantings reduced) in the Chapare and illegal coca planting will decline in the Yungas.

Increased interdiction operations along Bolivia’s borders will head off an increasing influx of drug trafficking activity resulting from the implementation of Plan Colombia.

The number and amount of seizures of cocaine and other illicit coca derivatives, precursor materials, and assets of the coca trade will be increased.

Viable, licit employment and income-earning alternatives will be created for 10,000 additional families that have been growing coca in the Chapare.

The value of licit produce leaving the Chapare will increase to $80 million in value and 300,000 metric tons in volume from the FY 2000 levels of $44 million in value and 200,000 metric tons in volume.

The availability of water, sanitation, electricity, education, health care, roads and market linkages in the Yungas will be improved.

The efficiency of the Bolivian criminal justice system is strengthened and improved.

The number of arrests and successful prosecutions of major drug traffickers will increase.

The number of cases completed in the criminal courts within the legally prescribed time periods will increase. 

Program Justification

Bolivia remains the world’s third largest producer of cocaine. From June 2001 to June 2002, despite eradicating the second highest amount of coca in its history, Bolivia experienced a 23 percent increase in overall cultivation. This was due to high coca-leaf prices that encouraged massive replanting in the Chapare and new cultivation in the Yungas. While Bolivia now produces substantially less coca or cocaine than Peru or Colombia, left unchecked, Bolivia could return to the high levels of production that were the hallmark of the early to mid-1990s.

Over the past two years, Bolivia has become a transshipment zone for Peruvian cocaine products en route to Brazil and other Southern Cone countries. This has increased the need for the GOB to increase interdiction, particularly in the Chapare, northern Beni-Pando region and along its waterways and extensive border regions. In the Yungas, this enhanced interdiction effort will require the GOB to revamp its General Directorate for the Legal Trade of Coca (the governing body charged with regulating the sale of licit coca used by the indigenous population) and to deploy additional forces to stem the increasing diversion of coca leaf from traditional licit consumption to illegal cocaine production.

In August 2002, a new government was inaugurated in Bolivia. It is facing massive challenges because of a strong electoral showing by militant cocalero leader Evo Morales, who wants to stop coca eradication and alternative development projects. The next five years could bring significant reversals in Bolivia’s counternarcotics achievements if the new administration fails to consolidate previous GOB success. The FY 2004 budget request reflects a level of support needed to strengthen counternarcotics operations in the Chapare and the Yungas regions where plantings are increasing. Violent ambushes of eradication forces in the Chapare and interdiction forces in the Yungas took place in 2002, highlighting the need to increase manpower and resources in these volatile regions.

Bolivia remains one of the poorest countries in the hemisphere with a per capita GNP of less than $1,000. Without USG assistance, Bolivia would be unable to support the present level of counternarcotics and alternative development programs.

Program Accomplishments Bolivia had significant success in coca reduction in recent years, and eradicated nearly 12,000 hectares of coca in the Chapare during 2002. The Special Drug Police (FELCN) and its operational units expanded by nearly 15 percent in 2002, and were able to construct 14 new bases throughout the country. A national communications grid was established, as were several computer-based data banks and information sharing systems. In 2002 the GOB seized 101 metric tons of illicit coca leaf, 362 kg of cocaine HCL, 4.7 metric tons of cocaine base, 240,403 liters of liquid precursor chemicals and 150 metric tons of solid precursor chemicals in addition to destroying 1,420 cocaine labs and making 3,229 drug arrests.

In response to increasing demands from Chapare farmers who had all of their coca eradicated, USAID accelerated alternative development activities to increase business and farmer investments, improve roads, increase technology transfer, strengthen local level organizations, privatize the production and marketing of planting material, and update state-owned research facilities. There are now over 120,000 hectares of licit crop cultivation in the Chapare, and direct technical assistance has been provided to just over 20,000 Chapare families since 1998. Annual family income from licit agricultural products in the Chapare increased from $1,706 in 2000 to $2,055 in 2001.

FY 2004 Program In FY 2004, additional INL resources will support Bolivian efforts to reduce the growth and export of coca in Bolivia, increase interdiction of essential chemicals and cocaine products, foster alternative economic development, increase successful prosecutions of narcotics related cases, and improve the quality of investigations into alleged human rights violations. Counternarcotics alternative development support is conditioned on the elimination of illegal coca through forcible means (in the Chapare where all coca is illegal) and voluntary agreements (in the Yungas where Bolivian law allows up to 12,000 hectares of legal coca cultivation for traditional use). USAID estimates that there may be as many as 50,000 families now living in the Chapare, where increased assistance is needed.

There are twenty-six counternarcotics programs in Bolivia for which INL provides funding and support. These projects can be grouped into four areas: Narcotics Law Enforcement Interdiction /Eradication Operations; Alternative Development/Economic Incentives; Institution Building/Rule of Law; and Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. In addition, funding will also be used for Program Development and Support costs.

Interdiction and Eradication Ground Operations Support. Ground Operations projects supports all non-air interdiction efforts that operate under the direction of the Vice Ministry for Social Defense. In FY 2004, FELCN, and its sub-unit UMOPAR, will need to assume the additional costs of support and maintenance for a network of interdiction bases established throughout the country during FY 2002 and FY 2003, as well as a national secure communications grid, three computer networks/data banks and specialized computer/imaging systems. Additional personnel to control coca production and enhanced interdiction efforts in the Chapare and Yungas will be needed in FY 2004, including more mobile patrol units. GIOE also will need more personnel for intelligence support. Enhanced interdiction efforts will require support for chemical (GISUQ) and financial (GIAF) investigative units. The K-9 program has not grown sufficiently to keep pace with the volume of drug detection inspections. The Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) will continue to grow in FY 2004 to address the high level of corruption in the GOB and constant pressures by narcotraffickers to compromise counternarcotics forces. Funding for the Seized Assets office, suspended in FY 1998 due to inefficiency and corruption in maintaining and disposing of assets, was resumed when the office was reconfigured. In FY 2004, additional warehouse space, office space, equipment, security personnel and leased sites are planned. A special training unit to address the shortage of Green Devils Task Force drivers is planned. The Controlled Substance Prosecutors, a branch of the Attorney General’s office that prosecutes drug crimes, will require enhanced support in FY 2004 to enable more prosecutors to join counternarcotics police units in raids and arrests. In addition, salary supplements may have to be raised to avoid losing highly trained personnel to private sector jobs.

Air Operations Support. The Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) is comprised of Bolivian Air Force personnel who provide general aviation support for the FELCN with 16 UH-1H helicopters, and six light fixed wing aircraft. The Black Devils Task Force (BLDTF), also made up of Bolivian Air Force personnel, fly three C-130B aircraft in support of counternarcotics and eradication missions. Enhanced interdiction and eradication operations will necessitate additional funding for FY 2004. Conversion of 12 of the 16 UH-1H helicopters to Huey IIs, originally planned to start in FY 02, was postponed due to insufficient funding. FY 2004 funding will be used to start this essential, multi-year upgrade, as spare part availability for the older helicopters is fast dwindling. Four UH-1H helicopters will be converted using funding available in FY 2004.

Blue Devils Task Force. The Bolivian Navy Riverine unit patrols the country’s extensive river system to interdict drug and precursor chemical trafficking and to provide intelligence and logistical support to other counternarcotics units. The full overhaul of the fleet, begun in FY 2001, will be completed in FY 2004. The replacement of some antiquated equipment and modest personnel increases will also be accomplished with FY 2004 funding.

Eradication Operations. The Joint Eradication Task Force (JTF) consists of 1,600 military, police and civilian personnel, with one-half of the force providing security for the other half, which engages in coca eradication operations. Support includes food, billeting, field equipment, transportation and fuel. The Ecological Police eliminate new coca and seedbeds as well as provide additional security for the JTF. The Office of Agricultural Reconversion and Coca Crop Substitution (DIRECO) has a staff of agronomists, surveyors and field agents who negotiate coca eradication agreements and supervise the destruction of coca fields. The General Directorate for the Legal Trade of Coca (DIGECO) controls the licensing, transportation, pricing and marketing for licit coca grown in the Yungas region, where the Bolivian law allows up to 12,000 hectares of coca cultivation. Since FY 2002, we have been revamping this previously corrupt and inefficient office to ensure its integrity. In FY 2004, additional inspection stations, vetted inspectors, vehicles, office space and training for 115 new field personnel and administrative staff will be needed.

Field Support and Infrastructure. The Field Support and Infrastructure project provides assistance for administrative requirements of the Vice Ministry for Social Defense (Drug Tsar) which implements all GOB counternarcotics policies and programs, and the Garras School, which is the principal training center for the FELCN and all subordinate units. The ability of the Garras School to keep up with the growth of law enforcement personnel and to prepare them for increasingly sophisticated operations is key to the success of GOB counternarcotics operations. Construction to greatly enhance the physical facility began in FY 2001. With construction completed in FY 2002, and increases in faculty in FY 2003, the Garras School is programmed to expand its curriculum to include more varied professional police training in FY 2004. This project also provides operating expenses for all NAS facilities located outside of La Paz, including rents and utilities for NAS field offices, vehicles and vehicle maintenance facilities and warehouses in Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Trinidad Chimore and Villa Tunari.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. While there is an alarming growth of drug abuse in South America, Bolivia still has a small problem that can be attacked before it becomes a crisis. Drug Awareness and Demand Reduction projects in Bolivia will help the interdiction efforts by reducing the local market fed by Bolivian crack and cocaine, as well as help to boost the USG public image.

Program Development and Support (PD&S). PD&S funds are used for the salaries, benefits, and allowances of direct hire and contract U.S. and foreign national personnel, residential leasing, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and other general administrative and operating expenses for counternarcotics and anticrime program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Alternative Development and Institution Building Alternative Development. Alternative development in the Chapare region will include expanding market consolidation activities and investments in the social capital and infrastructure in order to sustain a Chapare free of coca and narco-transit activities. These projects will include land titling, AIDS/HIV awareness and prevention, tourism, ornamental flower and wood product development as well as emergency assistance to restore disrupted market linkages. In the Yungas, where the GOB has decided not to pursue forced eradication due to security considerations, activities will focus on community negotiated coca reduction in exchange for social infrastructure programs such as rural electrification, college scholarship programs, road maintenance and bridge building, as well as enhancement of market access for high-quality coffee and other boutique crops.

Administration of Justice. Now in its third phase – full implementation of the Code of Criminal Procedures – this program seeks to ensure that police, prosecutors and judges are fully aware of their respective roles in the new oral accusatory system and have adequate training and investigative resources. For example, a Forensic Investigative Institute will be established in FY 2004, along with local forensic laboratories, to make the criminal justice system work better. In addition, $1 million of the Administration of Justice budget will be used to fund NAS police development projects previously undertaken by the DOJ International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP).

Bolivia
INL Budget
($000)  

  

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Narcotics Law Enforcement        
Ground Operations Support 13,071 14,770 14,770
UMOPAR, GIOE, DISUQ, GIAF, K9, Garras
Training Center, FELCN, OPR
       
Air Operations Support 11,460 8,864 8,356
Black Devils, UH-1H Conversion        
Blue Devils Task Force 1,741 1,201 1,201
Green Devils Task Force 2,085 2,190 2,344
Field Support and Infrastructure 3,859 4,204 4,204
Seized Assets 800 856 856
Controlled Substance Prosecutors 1,811 1,932 1,932
Subtotal 34,827 34,017 33,663
Eradication Operations 9,315 9,855 9,952
DIGECO, DIRECO, Eco Police, JTF        
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 1,042 1,935 1,935
Administration of Justice 1,2 4,000 3,500 3,500
Alternative Development 1 35,600 38,227 38,500
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 714 781 830
Non-U.S. Personnel 871 922 980
ICASS Costs 388 500 530
Program Support 843 990 1,110
Subtotal 2,816 3,193 3,450
Total 87,600 90,727 91,000

1This is an IN-funded and USAID-administered program.
2The FY 2002 amount includes $500,000 for a Bolivian Police Development Program. An equal amount of ESF funding was provided for the same purpose.


Brazil

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

6,000 6,000 12,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators The Government of Brazil (GOB) will focus on disrupting the activities of major trafficking organizations, interdict illegal drugs and control precursor chemicals by improving the capabilities of the Federal Police and other law enforcement entities.

An increased and more effective GOB presence in the Amazon region will deter illegal drug activities and result in an increase in cocaine seizures.

The Brazilian criminal justice system will investigate and successfully prosecute drug traffickers, reduce money laundering and dismantle international criminal organizations.

An increase in the number of drug-and money laundering related arrests and prosecutions and an increase in the number of major cartel operations dismantled by law enforcement efforts.

Increased public awareness of the dangers of drug trafficking and drug abuse as Brazilian organizations seeking to reduce the domestic demand for drugs improves.

Illicit drug use will decrease and public support for law enforcement efforts will increase as drug awareness programs deliver their messages.

Program Justification Brazil shares its borders with Peru, Bolivia and Colombia, the three major drug source countries in the region. The sparsely populated Amazon region comprises more than one half of the country, which has long, porous borders. Brazil has a well developed communications infrastructure and banking system that, together with major international airports and seaports, makes it a desirable transit route for illicit narcotics bound for the U.S. and European markets. These factors, coupled with increasingly successful enforcement efforts in neighboring countries, contribute to a growing drug transit problem in Brazil. The Government of Brazil (GOB) has been particularly concerned about the security of the Amazon since the implementation of Plan Colombia.

In response to these concerns, Brazil implemented Operation COBRA in 2000. This is an ambitious inter-agency effort that allocates greater resources to the Amazonian border area to enhance border security and illegal narcotics control. USG counternarcotics support to Brazil, which has more than doubled since FY 2000, is largely assistance for Operation COBRA.

Program Accomplishments Recent counternarcotics efforts in Brazil have resulted in material improvements for law enforcement agencies, the implementation of cooperative initiatives and new legislation. Perhaps most significantly, the omnibus federal antidrug law was finally passed. In eight states of the Amazon region, the INL projects provided basic law enforcement equipment to state civil police, while continuing support for Operation COBRA including the completion of nine forward operating bases. INL funding was used to provide computer equipment to all drug councils in the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District and expand the specialized drug court program in several states. A countrywide household drug consumption study (partially financed by INL) was released that showed that 19.4 percent of the population had used illicit drugs at least once, while 2.3 percent had used cocaine at least once. A pilot project supported with INL funding was implemented on the southern border of Brazil, pairing four Brazilian cities with cities in Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia to integrate the cities’ drug demand reduction programs.

FY 2004 Program Increased resources requested for Brazil will support projects designed to combat the continuing threat of cross-border narcotics trafficking, particularly from Colombia, consistent with the Administration’s objectives for the Andean Counterdrug Initiative. INL resources will also reinforce Brazilian efforts to combat money laundering and promote effective public awareness/demand reduction programs.

Narcotics Law Enforcement. Funding for this project will be used to provide operational support and equipment to the Brazilian Federal Police to conduct more effective investigations and interdiction operations against specific international narcotics cartel leaders and their associates. In addition, the project will continue to build on training already provided by INL and other USG agencies to enhance port and airport security, and to counter narcotics trafficking activities such as arms trafficking and money laundering.

Operation COBRA. This project will continue to support Brazil’s interagency Operation COBRA for fortifying the northern border. The GOB plan for Operation COBRA will assist with the construction of riverine bases and a tactical command center in Tabatinga.

Northern Brazil Law Enforcement. The Northern Brazil Law Enforcement project, similar to the Narcotics Law Enforcement project but not limited to the Brazilian Federal Police, will work with various GOB law enforcement authorities to provide operational support and equipment in the Amazon region.

State Security Law Enforcement. This project will assist the counternarcotics activities of the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat and promote improved coordination of counternarcotics activities within Brazil’s law enforcement community by providing equipment and training to Brazilian state, civil and military police forces. The project may include counternarcotics training for community-oriented police forces, and assistance in the implementation of a witness protection program.

Fluvial Counternarcotics Operation Center. This project will provide the Brazilian Federal Police with riverine and maritime platforms for counterdrug surveillance and interdiction that will be integrated into the Brazilian Amazonian Surveillance System network. The Project centers on constructing and equipping of a fluvial mobile Counternarcotics center and will also provide operational support and training.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. The recognition of the seriousness of the increase in drug use in Brazil, particularly among young people, has led to the passage of drug legislation that emphasizes demand reduction. In FY 2004 the Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction project will continue support for demand reduction programs through the National Anti-Drug Secretariat, focusing on drug education. The project will work to increase public awareness of the drug problem and build public support for counternarcotics efforts by providing grants to individual state drug councils, federal and state government agencies, university educational research and treatment groups, and private organizations and youth programs.

Program Development and Support (PD&S). PD&S funds will provide necessary resources for salaries, benefits, and allowances of U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and other general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Brazil

 

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Narcotics Law Enforcement        
Narcotics Law Enforcement 2,000 2,000 3,000
Operation COBRA 2,500
Northern Brazil Law Enforcement 2,100 2,080 1,300
State Security Law Enforcement 1,000 1,000 1,000
Fluvial Counternarcotics Operations Center 3,200
Subtotal 5,100 5,080 11,000
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 475 500 500
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 160 166 178
Non-U.S. Personnel 41 44 77
ICASS Costs 90 90 106
Program Support 134 120 139
Subtotal 425 420 500
Total 6,000 6,000 12,000


Colombia

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

373,900 6,000 433,200 463,000

Program Objectives and Measures of Effectiveness There is a major reduction of coca leaf and opium poppy.

All coca and opium poppy cultivation will be sprayed.

There will be an increase in the number of families assisted and hectares of licit crops replacing drug crops due to alternative development projects.

The capability of the Government of Colombia to disrupt and dismantle major drug trafficking organizations and prevent their resurgence is strengthened.

There will be a continued high level of extraditions, especially among leadership levels of criminal and narco-terrorist organizations.

The Air Bridge Denial Program will be fully implemented with a resulting increase in successful aerial interdiction events.

Cocaine and heroin processing industries are significantly destroyed and the diversion of licit chemicals into illicit channels is reduced.

Coca and opium poppy production will continue to decline at a high level, as repeated spraying deters planting.

Cocaine and heroin laboratories will continue to be destroyed at a high level.

Processed drugs and precursor chemicals will continue to be interdicted at a high level.

The Government of Colombia capability to establish the rule of law throughout its territory, reducing the numbers of illegal armed groups, is greatly enhanced.

A permanent police presence will be reestablished in areas of conflict.

Additional legal assistance offices and oral trial courtrooms will bee constructed.

An effective human rights early warning system will be developed and maintained.

Program Justification Colombia continues to be the dominant supplier of cocaine sold on American (representing some 90% of the cocaine marker) and European markets. In recent years, it has become one of the major sources of heroin in the U.S., particularly in eastern U.S. markets. The country is a producer of raw materials for cocaine and heroin, a major manufacturer of refined drugs, and the home and headquarters of major trafficking criminal and narco-terrorist organizations. INL funding supports the Government of Colombia's (GOC) continuing efforts to counter the illegal narcotics industry and the threat that drug cultivation, production, and trafficking poses to the stability of Colombia’s democracy and economy and to the security, health, and well being of U.S. citizens at home and abroad.

The funding requested in FY 2004 will allow the U.S. and GOC to build upon the prior investments and ongoing successes of the 2001 Plan Colombia assistance package. Our specific goals are to pursue vigorous eradication and interdiction efforts to disrupt and destroy the production of drugs destined for U.S. and world markets; promote alternative development designed to provide legal, viable, economic options to farmers and others drawn to the illegal drug trade; assist in the institutionalization and professionalization of Colombian counter-drug entities to improve their effectiveness and capabilities while enhancing the respect for basic human rights; and ameliorate and help those who are suffering from the dangers and costs associated with or abetted by the illegal drug trade.

Program Accomplishments In 2002, the aerial eradication program had a banner year and spray planes treated over 122,000 hectares of coca, a 45 percent increase over 2001, itself a record setting year. In addition, over 3,000 hectares of opium poppy were sprayed, a 67 percent increase over 2001.

Colombian interdiction programs continued to attack the heart of drug production. The Colombian Army (COLAR) Counterdrug (CD) Brigade destroyed 5 cocaine-processing laboratories and over 682 cocaine base laboratories – even though the Brigade stood down in the last part of the year for reorganization and retraining. The CD Brigade also provided valuable ground support for aerial eradication, an increasingly vital mission as the success of spraying is causing increased ground fire aimed at spray planes. The Colombian National Police (CNP) Directorate of Anti-Narcotics (DIRAN) destroyed 61 cocaine-processing laboratories, over 401 cocaine base laboratories and three heroin laboratories while seizing over 34 metric tons of cocaine and over 18 metric tons of coca base.

In 2002, U.S. funds assisted over 545,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and over 400 ex-combatant children. The Early Warning System, created in 2001 by Plan Colombia to prevent massacres and forced displacement, issued 170 alerts that resulted in over 150 GOC responses. The Promotion of the Rule of Law program established 10 legal aid offices in 2002, for a total of 29 offices covering the western half of the country. Nineteen oral trial courtrooms were constructed with U.S. financing, enabling the Colombian judicial system to handle an additional 1.5 million cases. This program has also created 9 human rights units. The GOC extradited 40 fugitives (34 on narcotics-related charges) to the U.S., a 54 percent increase over the CY 2001 record-year total, when 26 fugitives were extradited.

USAID supported medium- and long-term alternative development programs concentrated in Putumayo and Caqueta, the areas of Colombia’s densest coca cultivation. By the end of the year, programs had aided over 16,800 families and established over 11,800 hectares of licit crops. In addition, USAID constructed 142 social infrastructure projects. In 2004, USAID will provide technical assistance to promote agricultural and non-agricultural alternatives through the provision of modern production technologies, processing, credit, and marketing assistance to producer associations. Non-agricultural activities may include vocational training and technical workshops to assist small farmer families to transition to alternative productive activities. The program will be expanded into new geographical areas. USAID will promote sustainable production for alternative crops through agro-forestry and silvo-forestry systems and will continue to provide technical assistance for forestry activities in Putumayo and for a new commercial forestry initiative for the rest of Colombia. Projects to expand rural social infrastructure will finance construction of roads, bridges, electricity, schools, health clinics, potable water and sewage systems. USAID will also continue to strengthen the GOC's National Alternative Development Plan in the areas of planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating projects.

FY 2004 Program Our counternarcotics programs in Colombia face a major challenge in FY 2004. Our air assets and the forces we are training will be increasingly called upon to take a more offensive approach against narco-terrorist assets and personnel; to defend vital infrastructure resources from terrorist attacks; and to rescue victims of kidnappings and assaults carried out by guerrilla groups. All of this will be in addition to the central focus on eradication and interdiction operations. All of these programs are the core of what we must do if President Uribe is to succeed in his determination to wipe out the narcotics trade in Colombia and stop the terrorists that threaten the democratic system of one of our key Latin American allies as well as the stability of the entire Andean region.

Interdiction and Eradication Colombian Army (COLAR) Counterdrug (CD) Mobile Brigade. Funding for this project will provide ongoing logistical and operations support to the First COLAR CD Brigade in support of its mission to conduct interdiction operations against high-value narco-terrorist targets and support eradication missions. We are engaged in an effort to retrain the CD Brigade to make it smaller, lighter, faster, and more truly air-mobile. U.S. assistance will give the unit a reconnaissance capability and allow it to take in high-value targets such as narco-terrorist leadership and key narco-terrorists actively involved in the drug trade. It will also make the CD brigade more effective in eliminating key targets such as hydrochloride laboratories. We want the CD Brigade to be able to use the 71 helicopters we are supporting to strike high-value targets outside southern Colombia, following up on recent CD Brigade successes that have triggered the migration of drug targets to western Colombia. Major expenditures will include the purchase of additional military equipment and ammunition, as well as contributions to upgrade selected forward operating locations and general sustainment and repair costs for this vital unit.

Colombian Army Aviation Support. FY 2004 funds will support the COLAR Aviation Brigade consisting of 32 UH-1N, 14 UH-60, and 25 Huey II helicopters dedicated to providing airlift capacity for operations against high value targets. These aircraft provide air mobility for the CD units and, given the severely limited number of helicopters otherwise available, will continue to be the only reliable airlift available for military units engaged in counterterrorism operations. The burdens on COLAR aviation will increase dramatically as a result of new legal authorities that allow the use of the 71 helicopters listed above for activities other than counternarcotics missions. These aircraft will now also be used to conduct missions throughout Colombia, responding to opportunities to interdict high value narco-terrorist targets. We expect that by FY 2004 the number of human rights vetted COLAR units will have expanded; this implies that the same number of aircraft will be called upon to transport more troops. Major expenditures will include fuel, parts, repair and maintenance of the helicopter, training for crews, and infrastructure support. These funds would also be used to sustain operations of the helicopters supporting the infrastructure security project in Arauca.

Air Bridge Denial Program. This program aims to deny Colombian airspace to narcotics traffickers. The project will support contractor and in-country costs to cover the operations and maintenance of Colombian Air Force tracker aircraft used for the interception of suspected trafficking aircraft.

Colombian National Police (CNP) Aviation Support and CNP Support for Eradication. These projects will support the CNP counternarcotics operations in four interrelated activities: the operation of the CNP air wing; aerial eradication of coca and poppy; assistance to CNP interdiction and institutionalization efforts; and construction/infrastructure improvement. Aerial eradication is the highest priority in the joint USG/GOC counternarcotics program, and President Uribe has emphasized his commitment to the program, asking for additional spraying resources. Additional counterterrorism missions, including expanding police presence into the areas of conflict, will increasingly tax the CNP Air Service and other law enforcement efforts the CNP will take on under the expanded Congressional authorities. Major purchases will include: the procurement of additional aircraft (for support, transport, spraying, and intelligence gathering), operation and maintenance costs, training for CNP personnel, and upgrades to existing aircraft.

CNP Support for Interdiction and Administrative Support. Funding for these two projects will enhance and expand CNP infrastructure and provide logistical support for counternarcotics operations. Major purchases will include: new base construction, munitions and arms, security upgrades and equipment, and establishing/enhancing secure and interoperable communications and information systems. These funds will also be used to assist in implementing operations and counter-narcotics programs under CNP command. These include: improving forward counter-narcotics operating base capabilities, enhancing road interdiction operations, assisting the auxiliary police, and helping the CNP/DEA Heroin Strategy Program. As is the case for the COLAR, funding requirements for CNP interdiction will increase as the CNP is required to take on additional missions under the expanded Congressional authorities.

Program Development and Support (PD&S). PD&S funds are used for the salaries, benefits, and allowances of direct hire and contract U.S. and foreign national personnel, residential leasing, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and other general administrative and operating expenses for counternarcotics and anticrime program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Alternative Development and Institution Building Support for Democracy. These funds are designed to promote more responsive, participatory and accountable democracy. They are divided into five interrelated components: Administration of Justice; Human Rights; Local Governance; Transparency and Accountability; and Support to Peace Initiatives. Projects include: assisting the GOC to establish two Justice Houses and two Oral Trial courtrooms, continued protection programs for 1,600 individuals and 20 offices under threat for working on human rights and related issues, implementing the Early Warning System (a system designed to monitor the human rights scene and provide warning of impending problems), and promoting a government and civil human rights protection infrastructure. The timeframe within which these programs will be completed is five years, from FY 2000 to FY 2005.

Alternative Development. These funds will be used to increase legal economic opportunities for small producers of coca and poppy as an alternative to illicit cultivation. The funding will support four principal activities: strengthening private and public national and local institutions; expanding rural infrastructure; increasing licit economic opportunities; and improving the management of natural resources. Projects include: introducing alternative legal crops and other economic activity in areas of illicit cultivation, developing local and international markets for these products, and providing technical assistance and training to improve economic capabilities and efficiency.

Support to Vulnerable Groups/IDPs. USAID will use INL funds to support programs that provide economic and social opportunities to vulnerable groups, particularly internally displaced persons. Working with a municipal focus, the program runs more than 300 projects in 25 departments and 200 municipalities throughout the country. These projects include assistance in physical and mental health, community strengthening, income and employment generation, urban assistance (shelter, water and sanitation) education, and the rehabilitation of ex-child combatants. By providing viable life and employment options, the program discourages families from taking up cultivation of illicit crops.

Support to Vulnerable Groups/IDPs. The Department of State’s Bureau for Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) will use INL funding to provide emergency (i.e. 0-90 day) internally displaced persons assistance. This assistance includes food, shelter, psychosocial assistance, and health services. It will also strengthen the GOC agency responsible for IDP coordination, protection and border monitoring.

Promote the Rule of Law. These funds will be used to enhance GOC capacity to address the problems of crime and to institutionalize the rule of law throughout its territory. Major programs will provide support to establish a police presence in areas of conflict; expand institutional reforms; increase desertions from the illegal armed groups; improve intelligence capabilities; train and equip CNP bomb squads; sustain a vetted financial investigative unit; assist in prison reform; support USDOJ's judicial reform programs; support GOC counternarcotics organizations; and continue counternarcotics educational programs. USAID-administered Protection of Human Rights Workers and Direct Protection to Witnesses, Prosecutors, and Judges projects are also funded through this budget. Funding requested for this project includes $0.612 million for Program Development and Support.

Colombia
INL Budget
($000)

 

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Support to the Colombia Military         
Army Counterdrug Mobile Brigade 9,650 9,300 5,000
Army Aviation Support 78,000 128,750 147,304
Air Bridge Denial Program 13,980 8,000 6,400
Navy Maritime Interdiction Support 2,370 1,000
Subtotal 104,000 147,050 158,704

Support to Colombian National Police

 

 

 

 

Aviation Support 67,467 62,260 60,338
Support for Eradication 37,360 44,870 44,185
Support for Interdiction 24,330 21,820 40,973
Administrative Support 4,943 2,000 2,000
Subtotal 134,100 130,950 147,496

Promote Social & Economic Progress 1

 

 

 

 

Support for Democracy 24,000 24,000 24,000
Alternative Development 2 49,900 60,200 60,200
Support to Vulnerable Groups/IDPs 24,000 38,000 38,000
Subtotal 97,900 122,200 122,200

Support to Vulnerable Groups/IDPs 3

10,000

3,500

5,000

Promote the Rule of Law

 

 

 

 

Special Financial Investigations Unit 1,000 500
Anti-Kidnapping Strategy 3,600
Bomb Squad/Explosive Database Center 1,750 1,000 500
Prison Security/Drug Rehabilitation Training 2,300 500
Cellular Intercept Switch Project 1
Ministry of Defense Human Rights Reform 2,500 1,000
Reinstatement of Illegal Armed Groups 2,000
Protection of Human Rights Workers 1 2,500
Protection of Witnesses Prosecutors Judges 1 1,500
Financial Crimes Programs 4 2,000
Judicial Reform Programs 5 7,500 7,500
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 500 500 250
Culture of Lawfulness Program 100 500 250
Reestablish Public Security in Conflict Zones 4,749 10,500 13,800
Subtotal 22,500 23,500 22,800

Pipeline Security

6,000

Program Development and Support 6        
U.S. Personnel 1,642 1,825 2,000
Non-U.S. Personnel 1,318 1,464 1,500
ICASS Costs 725 805 1,000
Program Support 1,715 1,906 2,300
Subtotal 5,400 6,000 6,800
Total 373,900 6,000 433,200 463,000

1 This is an INL-funded and USAID-administered program.
2 The FY 2002 figure does not include $6.6 million of FY 2001 INCLE funds provided in FY 2002 for the Colombia IDP program.

3 This is an INL-funded and PRM-administered program.
4 These are INL-funded and DOT- and DHS-administered programs.
5 This is an INL-funded and DOJ-administered program.


Ecuador

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

25,000 30,896 35,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators Ecuadorian National Police increase effective control of airports, seaports, and land routes used by traffickers to transport illegal narcotics and diverted precursor chemicals.

The port cargo inspection and highway checkpoint facilities will provide deterrents to trafficking in narcotics, precursor chemicals and other illicit goods.

The presence of counternarcotics enforcement and military units in northern border areas provide increased border security that deters narcotics trafficking activities.

The Ecuadorian Navy, using new coastal patrol boats along northern border estuaries and the coastal areas, and Ecuadorian military and police security patrols operating throughout the northern border area, will provide an effective deterrent to illicit activities.

The Government of Ecuador (GOE) develops and maintains institutional capabilities to interdict illegal drugs, drug trafficker assets and controlled chemicals; successfully prosecute traffickers; and seize illicit drug assets.

Counternarcotics police will have the training and equipment needed to fulfill their responsibilities; counternarcotics intelligence officers will have the training and equipment needed to gather, analyze and share information effectively.

The growth of the coca/cocaine economy is discouraged with an alternative development program that increases opportunities for licit employment and citizen satisfaction with the performance of local democratic institutions.

Program Justification As drug eradication and interdiction programs in neighboring Colombia continue to expand, insurgent groups that control the Colombian drug crop cultivation regions increasingly affect Ecuador. The security situation along Ecuador’s northern border, most notably in Sucumbios province where most of Ecuador’s oil wealth is located, has continued to deteriorate due to increased Colombian guerrilla, paramilitary and criminal activity, as well as increasing social unrest fueled by chronic and increasingly high levels of poverty. This concern extends as well to other border provinces, particularly to coastal Esmeraldas. With fiscal constraints in Ecuador limiting the government’s available funding for security forces, the Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) requires assistance to confront the increased drug trafficking and cultivation threat on its northern border. The Ecuadorian military, which is responsible for northern border security and supports the ENP in counternarcotics operations, will require sustained logistical support in order to strengthen its northern border and coastal presence and operational readiness. Attention to alternative development will assist the vulnerable population in the northern border areas by strengthening its licit economic base and community infrastructure, thereby building public support for local democratic institutions and enabling the community to better resist the pressures of criminal elements and the illicit coca/cocaine economy.

The ports through which drugs transit Ecuador are an important part of the USG counternarcotics focus in country. Ecuador is a major staging and transshipment area for drugs and precursor chemicals due to its location between two major cocaine source countries, Colombia and Peru. Cocaine and heroin enter the country primarily by truck on the Pan-American Highway. Narcotics traffickers then exploit Ecuador’s porous borders and poorly controlled seaports to consolidate smuggled drugs into larger loads for bulk shipment to the United States and Europe, hidden in containers of legitimate cargo. Precursor chemicals imported by ship into Ecuador, along with those produced in-country, are often diverted to cocaine processing laboratories in southern Colombia.

The Ecuadorian criminal justice procedural code, which entered into force in July 2001, fundamentally changed the country’s legal system from an inquisitorial- to accusatorial-style system. This will, in due course, strengthen the criminal justice system and speed up the process by converting to oral trial procedures. The roles of police, prosecutors, judges and other elements of the legal system are profoundly changed and still poorly understood by judicial operators. Therefore, criminal justice reform continues to require USG technical assistance to retrain judges, prosecutors, police and other components of the criminal justice system.

Program Accomplishments Accomplishments in 2002 include the construction of a major police base at Lago Agrio on the northern frontier, due to open in April 2003; award of contracts to build a police cargo inspection facility in the Port of Manta and remodel the inspection facility in the Port of Guayaquil; and completion of construction plans for a police base and checkpoint at San Lorenzo on the western end of the northern border. The first phases of the $4 million police and military communications projects were completed, as was the first phase of a renovation and upgrade of the police counternarcotics intelligence data network. The NAS placed an order for 100 Humvees and 51 heavy trucks for use by the Army in the northern border area, with delivery expected in May 2003. Thirty vehicles were donated to the National Counternarcotics Police. A yearlong course to train trainers and develop a training curriculum for the Judicial Police concluded successfully. Drafting of a new money laundering law for submission to the congress early in 2003 was substantially completed with USG technical assistance. Military-police cooperation in joint missions on the northern border improved significantly. Army forces in the border area interdicted a large volume of illicit precursor chemicals en route to Colombia. Alternative development projects progressed rapidly. Completion of potable water projects brought sanitary drinking water to 24 northern border communities for the first time. Eleven new bridges and 84 km of new road improved land transportation for remote northern border villages.

A major accomplishment of the 2002 was the completion of the construction of the integrated highway interdiction checkpoint in Baeza, which serves as a base for counternarcotics police patrolling the Pan American highway, and construction began on the Lago Agrio road checkpoint project.

Program security assistance also provided 27 vehicles, more than $4 million in communications equipment, maintenance support, as well as training to improve military and police professionalism and capabilities while reinforcing the principles of civilian rule and human rights. Significantly, military-police cooperation has shown signs of improvement. The Port Security project gained a U.S. Customs Advisor on-site in Guayaquil, an important advance. A judicial police advisor joined the Narcotics Affairs Section to serve as a liaison with and provide expertise and guidance to police and prosecutors learning to work with the new accusatorial justice system. The northern border area alternative development projects have progressed, and some of the potable water projects have reached completion.

FY 2004 Program Interdiction and Eradication Police Operations. This project is implemented through the Ecuadorian National Police Counternarcotics Directorate (DNA), which provides operational and administrative support to DNA port and canine operations. INL funding will be used to provide law enforcement and communications equipment; maintenance, repair and operational costs of project vehicles; aviation support; and a U.S. Customs Service port advisor to be posted on-site in Guayaquil.

Police Facilities Construction. The Police Facilities Construction project will add a port cargo inspection facility and a DNA base in the border province of Esmeraldas and port and integrated highway interdiction checkpoints in San Luis Buenos Aires and La Troncal. Eight helipads will be constructed and the largest and most active DNA provincial headquarters in Pichincha will be remodeled.

Police and Judicial Training. As the DNA gains an additional 300 or more personnel over the next two years, the Police and Judicial Training project will focus on ground and airborne field operations, intelligence methods, cargo and personnel inspection techniques, human rights, investigative techniques, evidence collection and handling, case preparation and tracking, and interagency collaboration (essential to working within the new code of criminal procedures).

Money Laundering and Chemical Control. The Money Laundering and Chemical Control project will assist the GOE to establish money laundering and chemical investigation and enforcement units by providing necessary equipment and training.

Military Border and Coastal Control. This project will expand on previous assistance to the Ecuadorian Navy by completing the planned surveillance system, providing additional interdiction capability in the form of new coastal patrol boats, and providing comprehensive training in drug interdiction.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. This project will improve the understanding of the citizens and leaders of Ecuador of the effects of the drug trade on society and government institutions. Information and materials will be distributed that explain the effects that drug production and trafficking can have on the society; the relationship of narcotics trafficking and terrorism; and USG policies and activities regarding the war on drugs. The project will sponsor travel for opinion leaders, government officials, and public information workers to view USG counternarcotics projects and activities; fund guest speakers; and conduct other activities to meet emergent needs.

Program Development and Support (PD&S). PD&S funding will be used to pay salaries, benefits and allowances of U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Alternative Development and Institution Building Northern Border Development. This project will continue to be administered by USAID. The project includes a range of activities targeting the northern border region, including capital investments and complementary technical assistance to help local governments build and sustain social productive infrastructure; technical assistance and training for municipal governments and local communities to identify and resolve local development problems democratically; support for small farmers to legalize land holdings; and support to strengthen the competitiveness of existing agricultural and related enterprises in the north. There have been an increasing number of reports of small coca crops found and eradicated in Ecuador.

Sustainable Cacao Research Tree Project. This project, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is part of the country strategy to deter future cultivation of drug crops. The project will continue work being done by the GOE agricultural research institute to improve the quantity and quality of Ecuadorian cacao production, particularly varieties that have high export market value and are key ingredients for U.S. manufacturers.


Ecuador
INL Budget
($000)

 

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Narcotics Law Enforcement        
Police Operations 4,675 4,325 8,400
Police Facilities Construction 2,100 2,700 3,565
Police and Judicial Training 1,000 1,000 1,000
Money Laundering and Chemical Control 50 150 150
Subtotal 7,825 8,175 13,115
Military Border and Coastal Control 6,000 6,000 6,000
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 75 125 150
Alternative Development1 10,000 15,896 14,700
Cacao Project 500 300
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 158 208 210
Non-U.S. Personnel 38 76 85
ICASS Costs 191 228 240
Program Support 213 188 200
Subtotal 600 700 735
Total 25,000 30,896 35,000

1 This is an INL-funded and USAID-administered program.

Panama

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

5,000 4,500 9,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators The Government of Panama (GOP) implements a comprehensive strategy for criminal justice system reform and modernization using an integrated program, training, and technical assistance plan.

There will be an increase in the effectiveness of criminal justice institutions and personnel, an increase in the number of investigations of official corruption, improved case tracking systems and reductions in pre-trial detention times.

The GOP confronts transnational organized crime by increasing its institutional capabilities to investigate and prosecute criminal activities, seize and forfeit assets, and dismantle criminal organizations engaged in such crimes as drug and arms trafficking, alien smuggling, and terrorism.

There will be an increase in the number and importance of traffickers arrested and successfully prosecuted as a result of GOP investigations and cooperative bilateral or regional law enforcement efforts.

There will be evidence that traffickers have decreased their use of Panama as a bridge for illegal activities because of improved GOP law enforcement efforts.

The GOP achieves an ability to interdict land and maritime shipments of illicit drugs, chemicals, stolen vehicles and weapons; counter alien smuggling; and enhance control of its borders, airports, and seaports.

There will be an increase in the number of arrests of narcotics traffickers, alien smugglers, terrorists and other criminals entering and departing Panama by air, sea and land.

There will be an increase in interdiction activity of chemicals, narcotics, arms, stolen vehicles and alien smugglers that will reduce the amount of trafficking in and through Panama.

The GOP is able to combat money laundering and other financial crimes, and to coordinate effectively with international partners.

There will be an increase in successful prosecution of money laundering cases.

The GOP develops successful strategies to deter drug use and increase public awareness of the dangers of drug abuse.

Public awareness of the dangers of drug abuse will increase, as will community involvement in prevention, resulting in a decrease in drug use and violence among youth. 

Program Justification

As a neighbor to the largest cocaine-producing country, Panama is a crossroads for the transshipment of narcotics and other illicit goods. International drug shipments are trafficked through Panama destined for the U.S. and Europe. An ineffective criminal justice system that is undermined by corruption and inadequate maritime, airport, and border controls all contribute to Panama’s vulnerability to transnational organized crime. In addition to drug trafficking, criminal groups engage in money laundering, chemical diversion, arms and stolen vehicle trafficking, alien smuggling and other criminal activities. The steady flow of illicit drugs has taken a toll on Panamanian society by increasing domestic drug abuse.

Panama is an attractive site for money laundering operations due to its dollar-based economy and large, sophisticated banking and trading sectors. In 2000, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) determined that Panama was not cooperating effectively with other governments in this area, in part because of institutional weaknesses. As a result of the passage of new legislation and increased prosecutions, Panama was subsequently removed from the FATF list of non-cooperating nations. However, Panama continues to need technical assistance to support its efforts to implement the new legislation and to dismantle criminal and terrorist groups engaged in money laundering.

Programs Accomplishments In 2001 and 2002, INL funds were used to support programs and activities critical to Government of Panama (GOP) and USG shared law enforcement objectives. Technical assistance and equipment provided by INL to law enforcement agencies at the border and in airports has increased the GOP’s capacity to interdict drugs and secure its borders. Furthermore, INL has supported interdiction efforts through assistance to the Joint Information Coordination Center that has led to enhanced information sharing and cooperation between U.S. and GOP law enforcement agencies. INL funds have played a key role in interdiction successes of the National Maritime Service (SMN) by providing training, technical assistance and equipment upgrades. INL support has further enhanced GOP capability to investigate narcotics cases by the creation of a Public Ministry/Technical Judicial Police (PTJ) vetted unit in 2002. Furthermore, the ability of the GOP to interdict drugs along its land routes has increased through the establishment of a Panama National Police (PNP) Mobile Inspection Unit. An International Airport Drug Task Force has increased seizures at Panama’s International Airport.

In FY 2003, INL will continue to develop an Administration of Justice project that will assist the GOP to develop and implement an integrated strategy for modernizing and improving the criminal justice system. A case tracking system to improve the effectiveness of the court system, reduce pre-trial detention, and increase accountability will be developed. Support to law enforcement agencies will continue in FY 2003 with the provision of commodities and training to support the PNP, the SMN, and the National Air Service (SAN). INL will provide infrastructure support, equipment and training for airport and border control facilities to enhance control of the entry of aliens into the country, including drug traffickers and smugglers.

Further support to improve the capability of Panamanian law enforcement agencies will be provided to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), the National Criminal Statistics and Analysis Agency (CONADEC) to enhance GOP intelligence infrastructure, enabling the security forces to better investigate narcotics trafficking activities. Training and commodities will be provided to the Public Ministry's Elite Vetted Unit, the PTJ and the PNP. Support will continue for the recently established Financial Investigations Unit (FIU) and Panamanian prosecutors with training provided in detecting, investigating and prosecuting sophisticated money-laundering cases. A port security project will be developed to increase the interdiction of illegal goods passing through the Colon Free Zone and Panama’s other ports of entry.

In FY 2003, support will continue for drug awareness and demand reduction programs to curb the spread of drug abuse, crime and violence, and reinforce the rule of law by changing societal attitudes toward crime and corruption. The Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction project provides support to health and education agencies and NGOs to promote drug abuse prevention, treatment and increased public awareness. The project will help the GOP develop successful strategies to deter drug use and monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of school drug control strategies.

FY 2004 Program National Police Border Units. FY 2004 funding will be used to strengthen law enforcement agencies within the Ministry of Government and Justice. Due to its geographical location, Panama is a primary trafficking route and transshipment point for Colombian narcotics moving northward toward the U.S. The PNP is on the front line of efforts to stop this flow of drugs as near to the source as possible. The project will provide funding to upgrade the PNP border units by providing additional training and equipment.

National Air Service. Because of the shared border with Colombia, the flow of drugs through Panamanian air space is a significant concern. Funding will be provided to the SAN to increase air mobility capabilities by providing training, equipment and repair parts for the UH-1 helicopters. The SAN will also be provided with long-term training on preventative maintenance procedures and operations.

Border Enhancement. Counterterrorism response training will be provided to the Panama Public Forces (PPF) to aid in detecting, deterring and responding to terrorist threats and attacks against Panamanian and U.S. institutions within Panama, particularly the Panama Canal. Assistance will be provided for the operation of border and interior checkpoints to deter trafficking in arms, narcotics and aliens through the country. This project will provide resources to support the Mobile Interdiction Unit and joint USG/GOP law enforcement interdiction operations in interior provinces and along the Costa Rican border.

National Maritime Service. GOP narcotics interdiction capabilities will be further enhanced through continued support for the professionalization of the SMN and with equipment and training provided by the U.S. Coast Guard. In addition, Panama will benefit from increased maritime and port security, thereby providing an additional deterrent to migrant smuggling and trafficking in other contraband.

Port Security System. In FY 2004, training and operational assistance will be provided for the Port Security System project at the port of Colon. The project will be expanded to provide all remaining ports with communications links to the Tocumen International Airport and the Colon Free Zone. This project will enhance the ability of the GOP to secure its borders and increase both land and sea interdiction capabilities.

Public Ministry Special Investigations Unit. Funding will be provided to the Public Ministry for training, commodities and operational support to the Vetted Special Investigations Unit (SIU). This will be the third year of a three-year commitment to fund the Vetted SIU, after which the GOP will assume full responsibility.

Panamanian Customs Service. Operational assistance and training will be provided to Panamanian Customs officials for cargo inspections, investigations into black market Peso exchange, money laundering and infringements of intellectual property rights.

Technical Judicial Police. Training and commodities will be provided to the PTJ counternarcotics and stolen vehicles units and the central and regional forensics laboratories. This support will increase GOP capability to investigate, arrest, and prosecute Colombian drug kingpins and other organized criminals, and to interdict increased amounts of drugs, precursor chemicals and stolen vehicles.

Financial Investigations Unit. Training will be provided to prosecutors and the FIU to improve FIU investigative skills and enable the prosecution of increasingly sophisticated money-laundering cases. Training will continue to be provided to the highly successful integrated interdiction task force at Tocumen International Airport and will be expanded to key domestic airports.

Law Enforcement Advisor. A law-enforcement training advisor will be employed to analyze the training needs of GOP law enforcement institutions and to develop short, medium and long-term training strategies. This support will strengthen Panamanian law enforcement institutions and enhance its capabilities to interdict shipments of narcotics, arms, precursor chemicals, and stolen vehicles and investigate and prosecute criminal organizations.

Administration of Justice. FY 2004 support will be provided to continue the judicial reform projects that were launched in FY 2002. Specifically, a case tracking system will be developed and a statistical database by the National Criminal Statistics Analysis Commission will be completed using information from the judiciary, the penal system and the prosecutor’s office. These efforts are central to raising the standards of professionalism and improving the management and execution of criminal justice sector in Panama.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. FY 2004 funding will support Phase IV of the epidemiological survey that examines the links between risk factors and drug use and violence. The result of the survey will be used to develop strategies to deter drug use and evaluate the effectiveness of school anti-drug programs. Funding will also be provided to the Office for Drug Prevention Education to provide teachers and community leaders with anti-drug training and materials. This assistance will increase the awareness of the dangers of drug use in society.

Program Development & Support (PD&S). PD&S funds will be used to pay salaries, benefits and allowances for U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Service (ICASS) costs, and general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Panama

 

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Border Control Enhancement        
National Police Border Units 1,250 567 1,700
National Air Service 968 500 950
Border Enhancement 352 875 500
National Maritime Service 696 900 1,700
Port Security System 368 150 150
Subtotal 3,634 2,992 5,000
Law Enforcement Enhancement        
Public Ministry Special Investigations Unit 285 500
Panamanian Customs Service 300
Technical Judicial Police 115 425 400
Financial Investigations Unit 285 175 350
Law Enforcement Advisor 750
Subtotal 685 600 2,300
Administration of Justice 60 700
Anti-Corruption Initiatives 100
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 76 100 250
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 229 311 330
Non-U.S. Personnel 29 48 50
ICASS Costs 173 254 270
Program Support 114 95 100
Subtotal 545 708 750
Total 5,000 4,500 9,000


Peru

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

142,500 128,052 116,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators The Government of Peru (GOP) institutionalizes policy-making and coordination and takes ownership of counternarcotics law enforcement and alternative development efforts.

The maintenance and operation of Peruvian National Police air wing is 75 percent nationalized.

The police aviation unit receives additional and upgraded helicopters that will be used to extend counternarcotics-related efforts to remote areas of Peru.

The Peruvian National Police Anti-Narcotics Directorate (DIRAVPOL) builds a cadre of intelligence and training specialists that contribute to a dismantling of Peruvian narcotics trafficking organizations.

The Peruvian judicial sector is reformed and achieves the capacity to provide effective processing of drug cases.

The cultivation of coca and opium poppy is reduced, along with the level of drug trafficking through and from Peru.

Coca cultivations will be reduced by an additional 12,000 hectares in 2004.

The GOP will develop a reconnaissance capability to identify and eradicate opium poppy cultivations.

There are an increased number of port and road counternarcotics interdiction checkpoints east of the Peruvian Andes.

The number and amount of cocaine seizures will increase by 50%.

The number of drug-related money laundering arrests and prosecutions will increase.

The GOP implements economic reforms that support the elimination of the illicit coca cultivation economy.

There are viable alternatives to the illegal coca economy resulting from the implementation of comprehensive macroeconomic policy reforms and projects in and outside of coca-growing areas.

There is an increased awareness of the dangers of drug trafficking and drug abuse and a reduction in the demand for illicit drugs.

There is improved public support and political will for law enforcement efforts.

Program Justification Peru is the second largest cocaine producing country in the world and a major exporter of high purity cocaine and cocaine base to markets in South America, Mexico, the United States, and Europe. Peru legally produces cocaine base and coca leaf for medical and commercial consumption in the U.S. and Europe. The country's production increased eight percent in 2002 but it is still 36,000 hectares below the 1995 level.

The principal goal of the U.S. counternarcotics strategy in Peru is to reduce, and ultimately to eliminate, the production and processing of opium poppy and coca. This goal is consistent with the President’s National Drug Control Strategy and the Andean Counterdrug Initiative, which seeks to deny traffickers the ability to spillover from one country to another as law enforcement successes eliminate established drug cultivation and operational areas. The means to achieve this goal is firmly rooted in implementing complementary programs of eradication, interdiction, and alternative development in the drug cultivation source valleys and to intercept coca movement throughout Peru.

To decrease coca cultivation, funding is required to support airlift for drug crop eradication and law enforcement interdiction in outlying areas, to implement possible actions for an aerial trafficking interdiction program (air bridge denial), and to strengthen alternative development in and outside of drug cultivation areas. Of immediate concern in areas subject to eradication is near-term alternative development emergency assistance to help meet nutritional and health needs, generate family income lost to eradication of coca fields, and long-term alternative development to sustain the development of licit economies.

President Toledo and his Administration have shown the political will to confront drug issues. Shortly after taking office, Toledo followed through on his promise to appoint the first ever Drug Czar for Peru with cabinet level authority. In March of 2002, when President Bush visited Peru, President Toledo pledged to fight narcotics trafficking and terrorism. However, the Government of Peru (GOP) lacks the financial resources and equipment to adequately address drugs in the midst of double-digit unemployment and a continuing recession. These problems are exacerbated by recent natural disasters, ongoing riots and strikes by several sectors of the national economy, and a resurgence of terrorism.

Anticipated European assistance pledged during donor conferences to support GOP alternative development efforts has not materialized in the amounts anticipated.

Program Accomplishments Despite GOP eradication efforts, the total number of hectares of cultivated coca increased by eight percent to 36,600 hectares in 2002. However, beginning in July, the Ministry of the Interior pledged full support to reach the 7,000-hectare eradication goal. A new pilot auto-eradication model was implemented that the GOP hopes will avoid social unrest. This model incorporates farmers into the eradication brigades, paying them a daily wage. Communities that have eliminated coca are also eligible for employment-generating public works for short-term assistance and longer-term alternative development. While still in its infancy, the model shows promise, with over 900 hectares eradicated, mostly in native communities.

The Peruvian Coca Reduction Agency (CORAH) also entered into two new areas, dramatically increasing eradication rates and achieving its 2002 goal of 7,000-hectares. The GOP is reluctant to eradicate in areas where confrontation with coca growers might occur. To date, it has not approved eradication in areas such as the Apurimac and Monzon areas, two key source zone valleys where principal concentrations of coca leaf are found. An eradication plan for 2003 is in the approval process. It will cover between 9,000 and 12,000 hectares. Under this plan, eradication would be carried out in the Apurimac and Monzon valleys.

Police were not successful in locating poppy fields during 2002, despite repeated efforts. The fields are typically small, in remote and broken terrain, or co-mingled with legitimate crops, which makes it difficult to identify them from imagery or over-flight.

During 2002, the Peruvian National Police Narcotics Directorate (DIRANDRO) began monthly interdiction operations in the Apurimac valley, a major cultivation zone infrequently attacked in the recent past. DIRANDRO destroyed over 200 rustic cocaine and cocaine base labs and multi-ton quantities of precursor chemicals. Similar operations in the Huallaga Valley region eliminated another 349 rustic labs and coca maceration pits.

DIRANDRO also began to enhance truck and vehicle inspections of suspected drug and chemical smugglers during 2002, utilizing the roads and highways throughout Peru. The PNP Road Unit conducted weekly road operations using trained K-9 drug dogs on the major highways exiting the coca producing jungle region heading west to the coastal areas, on major roads entering Lima, and throughout key Departments in Peru. In cooperation with U.S. law enforcement agencies, private shipping companies improved their abilities to monitor sea cargo containers. They provided DIRANDRO and Peruvian Customs with information to support investigations of major Peruvian and other international trafficking organizations utilizing sea cargo containers to transport large shipments of cocaine to the U.S., Mexico and Europe.

An increase in the number and availability of GOP prosecutors led to sharp increases in the destruction of laboratories and maceration pits, arrests, etc. In the first seven months (January through July) of 2002, 765 operations were carried out, resulting in the destruction of 137 labs and 198 maceration pits, the seizure of 8,670 kilos of cocaine base and 3,373 kilos of cocaine, and the arrest of 1,606 persons.

In 2002, the alternative development program invested $32 million dollars in two main coca-producing valleys (the Huallaga and Ene-Apurimac River Valleys), and in consolidation areas where coca has declined but could re-emerge if the licit economy is not further developed. Continuing high coca prices, combined with extremely low international market prices for key alternative development crops such as cacao, coffee, plantain, heart of palm, and native cotton, complicated the challenge to promote and expand the production of licit alternatives to coca. The greatest success lay in promoting high quality production targeted at niche export markets.

In 2002, the alternative development program financed substantial rural road rehabilitation (355 kilometers) and maintenance (458 kilometers) and bridges to improve market access for relatively isolated communities. The USG is working with the GOP to rehabilitate 170 kilometers of the Fernando Belaunde Highway, a major link between the Huallaga Valley and national markets running from Juanjui to Tocache.

FY 2004 Program Interdiction and Eradication Law Enforcement Support. A significant number of law enforcement operations are planned for FY 2004, in the major coca-growing valleys as well as in the transit zones, to interdict illicit chemicals and drugs. DIRANDRO will have tripled the number of personnel located in drug source zones by FY 2004. Consistent with focusing on the drug-producing areas, these operations are essential to drive down the price of coca and encourage abandonment. The operations will include air, land and riverine operations, road stops and the use of canines. FY 2004 plans include providing additional training and field exercises to enhance the capabilities of DIRANDRO to conduct basic road and riverine exercises, as well as to provide security for eradication teams in outlying areas. These enhanced law enforcement efforts will require additional vehicles, communications, field gear, emergency/safety reaction gear, and drug detector canines.

Aviation Support. Aviation support for narcotics law enforcement covers operating and maintenance costs for the National Police Aviation Division (DIRAVPOL). It provides funding for pilots, aircrews, and support personnel for 15 USG-owned UH-1H helicopters and 14 Peruvian Mi-17 helicopters, which support coca eradication and law enforcement actions in the field. FY 2004 funds support the counternarcotics operations of the USG-owned helicopters, providing fuel, maintenance, hangars and warehousing, aircraft rental when needed, and operational support for DIRAVPOL personnel. Eradication and interdiction missions are becoming more difficult and dangerous, because of the need to access illicit crops (particularly opium poppy) at higher altitudes in more rugged terrain. For FY2004, funds will be directed at upgrading UH-1H helicopters to Huey II helicopters in order to overcome current logistical difficulties. The program also requires an improved aerial reconnaissance capability. Funds will therefore be used to acquire an additional C-208 aircraft that can carry an imaging acquisition system.

Riverine Support. FY 2004 funding will focus on strengthening Peruvian capabilities to conduct counternarcotics law enforcement operations on the rivers. The Riverine Project has the following goals: 1) build host nation capabilities to maintain an effective riverine drug interdiction program through infrastructure development, facilities improvements, equipment acquisitions, training, and operational planning and execution; 2) coordinate multi-agency USG activities in support of the overall program; and 3) provide support to Peruvian institutions for maintaining an aggressive operations tempo for ongoing counternarcotics riverine activities designed to disrupt and dismantle illegal trafficking. An increasingly important goal will be to integrate riverine and land operations, and to stage regional, multilateral riverine operations.

Coca and Opium Poppy Eradication. Coca eradication will continue to be more difficult now that the areas of less resistance have been cleared of coca, and more established cultivation areas are being targeted. The GOP has introduced a two-track approach to coca reduction, providing for auto-eradication, or voluntary eradication, in selected communities and areas where alternative development is feasible, and involuntary eradication in national forests, new growth areas and around drug-processing facilities. The FY 2004 budget will support GOP Coca Reduction Agency (CORAH) ability to increase the number of eradication sites, and cover the significant logistical and transportation costs associated with multiple eradication efforts, including opium poppy wherever it can be found. There are indications that drug traffickers are trying to jump-start an opium poppy-growing industry in Peru by providing seeds to farmers to grow in high-altitude, difficult-to-reach locations. The Peruvian National Police (PNP) has eradicated opium poppies wherever detected, and the FY 2004 budget will also strengthen efforts to expand the scope of its detection program. The FY 2004 program will also continue and amplify the successful social communication program, and introduces a mechanism for timely humanitarian aid to affected families. Social unrest and increasingly radicalized coca grower associations are resisting GOP efforts to reduce coca cultivations, which make these humanitarian and communication programs key to defusing violence against the eradication program.

Support to the Armed Forces. In FY 2004, there may be considerable costs associated with supporting a Peruvian Air Force (FAP) counternarcotics air interdiction program, if the President makes a determination to restart support for an air bridge denial program (ABD). These support costs include facility improvement, aircraft modification, fuel facilities and training to monitor and force down suspected narcotics trafficking flights in Peruvian airspace. Funds will also support Peruvian Navy maritime commerce control and port security to begin building a capability for systematic waterborne law enforcement.

Peruvian Customs. The Peruvian Customs Service, a component of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, is responsible for control of arriving and departing passengers and cargo at Lima's air and maritime terminals, at other air and maritime ports of entry, and at land border checkpoints. Although the customs drug enforcement section maintains a cooperative relationship with DEA, the Customs Service has been more focused on general contraband interdiction. In FY 2004, funds will support a new airport effort, in which DIRANDRO will have the lead, but where Customs will participate. This effort should result in increased drug seizures of cocaine being carried to the U.S. and Europe by air passengers. Should Customs' participation become significant, additional funding might be considered.

Administration of Justice/Prosecutors. In FY 2004, funding will continue to support a unit of GOP prosecutors that has been granted special national jurisdiction to accompany police and military narcotics law enforcement operations to interrogate suspects and witnesses, take charge of evidence, supervise the destruction of illegal facilities such as laboratories or airstrips, and prepare cases to be carried to trial. This project will continue support for the national narcotics prosecutors, provide training to personnel of the judicial branch that handle these cases, and provide selected jurisdictions with adequate resources to handle heavy narcotics caseloads.

Institutional Development. Previously known as CONTRADROGAS, the GOP’s cabinet-level coordinator for counternarcotics efforts, renamed DEVIDA , will continue receiving support for further development of national drug control policies, make contact with multilateral and bilateral donors, and enhance communication and coordination between the various GOP counternarcotics agencies.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. This project will focus on providing the Peruvian public with information about the harmful personal and societal effects of cocaine production and abuse, conducting surveys on drug abuse to identify groups requiring assistance, and supporting educational fora for prevention and treatment professionals. This project will continue to provide assistance to drug awareness institutions and the Ministry of Education, to support drug awareness, abuse prevention and treatment programs.

Crop Monitoring and Research. An affiliated organization of CORAH called CADA (Coca Survey and Verification) provides a means to verify the extent of coca reduction within communities, which is a critical condition of continued alternative development funding. In FY 2004, this project will expand efforts to verify licit crop development in coca growing areas in conjunction with forced and voluntary eradication efforts. The CORAH civil construction unit will provide counternarcotics law enforcement and military agencies with construction and facility improvement capabilities in outlying areas. Demand for both CADA and CORAH construction has been high: CADA statistical information is being used by the international community, such as the OAS Drug Commission, to prioritize its alternative development projects; and CORAH construction services have allowed the police and navy to establish riverine forward operational bases in key coca cultivation areas.

Program Development & Support (PD&S). PD&S funds will be used to pay salaries, benefits, and allowances for U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Service (ICASS) costs, and general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Alternative Development and Institution Building Successful implementation of the alternative development program is premised on the hypothesis that offering farmers and their families licit sources of income and employment, coupled with improved social conditions and legally organized institutions with the ability to manage local resources efficiently, will lead to their increasing participation in the licit economy. In three annual surveys, customers in alternative development program working areas identified better access to markets, credit availability and low production of licit crops as the three most important constraints to increasing licit incomes. At the community level, road improvement, adequate health facilities and the availability of potable water supplies were identified, particularly by women, as important basic needs yet to be satisfied. Community leaders and individual members have stated that they would abandon coca production for a society that could offer licit employment and income opportunities within a restored legal and institutional framework that satisfied basic needs.

The alternative development program is an INL-funded and USAID-administered program that will use FY 2004 funds to focus on three programmatic areas. The Licit Economic Activities project will support the efforts of families to increase income from licit crops and other incoming generating activities. The Economic Infrastructure project will support the rehabilitation of roads, bridges, electrical power grids and other essential infrastructure. The Local Government Strengthening project will support municipal government efforts to strengthen their governance skills, including participatory mechanisms, administrative and financial systems, and project management.

A joint USG/OAS/CICAD Alternative Crop Research and Extension project complements the bilateral alternative development program. This project will continue to perform field research into coffee and cacao diseases, with a focus on finding ways to increase production yields in alternative development areas, and in developing international markets. The U.S. private sector has responded favorably to these efforts, and has provided supplementary personnel and funds for expert marketing and scientific assistance. FY 2004 funding will support the dissemination of the practical research results to alternative development farmers throughout the region.

Peru
INL Budget
($000) 

  

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Narcotics Law Enforcement        
Law Enforcement Support 11,900 9,400 11,000
Aviation Support 34,150 31,600 35,340
Riverine Support 2,300 1,000 2,000
Subtotal 48,350 42,000 48,340
Coca and Opium Poppy Eradication 5,500 6,000 7,000
Support to the Armed Forces 11,150 3,500 1,000
Peruvian Customs 250 50
Administration of Justice/Prosecutors 200 300 700
Institutional Development 700 300 400
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 1,250 800 1,000
Crop Monitoring and Research 4,600 3,600 4,300
Alternative Development1 67,500 68,552 50,000
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 808 819 875
Non-U.S. Personnel 681 862 925
ICASS Costs 713 659 705
Program Support 798 660 705
Subtotal 3,000 3,000 3,210
Total 142,500 128,052 116,000


1 This is an INL-funded and USAID-administered program.

Venezuela

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2002 Actual

FY 2002 Supp

FY 2003 Estimate

FY 2004 Request

5,000 2,075 5,000

Program Objectives and Effectiveness Measures There is an increased level of cocaine and heroin seizures at key transportation hubs as a result of improved methods for gathering raw intelligence and follow-up criminal investigations.

A national drug intelligence network will be created: security forces capable of detecting and seizing illegal shipments will monitor key transportation hubs.

Venezuela’s public prosecutors and police investigators improve their professional capabilities.

There will be an increased number of drug trafficking arrests and convictions.

Program Justification Colombian narcotics traffickers heavily exploit neighboring Venezuela’s position on the Caribbean to route illicit drugs going to the U.S. Poorly regulated border crossings permit the transport of illicit drugs by land and river from Colombia to Venezuela’s seaports, particularly Puerto Cabello, where most of the large containerized shipments of cocaine seized in Florida in the last ten years originated from. Seizures of heroin in Venezuela have risen sharply over the past three years; in August, a single airport seizure netted over 130 pounds of heroin, a record for South America. Venezuela also exports chemicals used in the manufacture of narcotics to Andean drug source countries, and has a modern financial sector that is a target for the laundering of drug proceeds.

Program Accomplishments Despite a year of considerable domestic political unrest, progress was achieved in the process of passing new counternarcotics legislation, in the development of a new law enforcement task force, and in addressing port security. In October, after nearly a year of being sidelined, two-thirds of the 150 articles in the Organized Crime Bill passed a second reading in the National Assembly. Unfortunately, completion of this process in 2002 was thwarted by the national strike that dominated Venezuelan political life at the end of the year. The newly-created Prosecutor’s Drug Task Force (PDTF) emerged as a professional investigative agency, with the seizure of multi-ton loads of cocaine, follow-up investigations resulting in asset seizures, arrests, and dismantling of at least one national cartel. Port security was addressed with the initiation of programs at critical sea (Puerto Cabello), land border (San Antonio de Tachira), and air (Maiquetia and Valencia) transit hubs.

FY 2004 Program Port Security, Border Security, Mobile Inspection and Intelligence Fusion and Analysis. These four narcotics law enforcement projects will provide expert assessments of Venezuela’s high threat import-export transportation hubs, and provide advice on procedural and organizational improvements, training, procurement and installation of inspection and detection equipment. In addition, the project will organize, train, and equip Venezuelan law enforcement personnel to conduct follow-up investigations after seizures have been made, gather intelligence information at the local level, and perform intelligence fusion and analysis at the national level. Two U.S. Customs inspectors will provide full-time advisory assistance to the Port Security Project, while one DEA analyst will provide advisory support for the nascent intelligence apparatus.

Precursor Chemical Control. The Precursor Chemical Control project will provide a variety of equipment to support the work of two of Venezuela’s principal precursor chemical control units, with the full-time advisory assistance of a DEA agent.

Money Laundering Control. The Money Laundering project will provide funding for training and computer equipment to support the expanding role of the National Financial Intelligence Unit. While current legislation only criminalizes money laundering if the funds can be specifically tied to drug trafficking, this will change with the passage of the Organized Crime Bill, a third of which is dedicated to financial crimes.

Prosecutor Training, Prosecutor Drug Task Force and MOJ Infrastructure Development. The three administration of justice projects are an essential adjunct to the narcotics law enforcement projects that build on information gained at the tactical level to target, prosecute, and convict key organized crime members. These projects will include prosecutor and investigator training, publication and dissemination of a new handbook for prosecutors, improvements to chain-of-evidence procedures, and assistance in drafting essential legislation. Another key component of these projects will be to provide logistical support for the model Prosecutors’ Drug Task Force (PDTF). Up to three DEA agents will provide advisory support to the PDTF.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction. This project will serve to increase public intolerance to organized crime, warn of the dangers of illicit drug consumption, and gain broader confidence in and support for law enforcement efforts. This project will also support epidemiological surveys to determine the pervasiveness of drug consumption in Venezuela.

Program Development & Support (PD&S). PD&S funds will be used to pay salaries, benefits and allowances for U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Service (ICASS) costs, and general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Venezuela
INL Budget
($000) 

  

FY 2002

FY 2002
Supp

 FY 2003

FY 2004

         
Narcotics Law Enforcement         
Port Security 825 235 750
Border Security 825 235 750
Mobile Inspection 750 205 60
Intelligence Fusion and Analysis 50 45 250
Precursor Chemical Control 50 50 50
Money Laundering Control 260 89 50
Subtotal 2,760 859 1,910
Administration of Justice        
Prosecutor Training/Resident Legal Advisor 650 160 900
Prosecutor's Drug Task Force 250 87 1,000
MOJ Infrastructure Development 261 80 300
Subtotal 1,161 327 2,200
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 460 89 50
Program Development and Support        
U.S. Personnel 224 281 295
Non-U.S. Personnel 23 31 33
ICASS Costs 173 240 252
Program Support 199 248 260
Subtotal 619 800 840
Total 5,000 2,075 5,000

INL Budget
($000) 

INL Budget
($000)



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