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Program Overview and Budget Summary


International Narcotics and Law Enforcement: FY 2006 Budget Justification
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
April 2005
Report
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Program Overview

Program Objectives

The mission of the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) is to minimize the impact of international crime and illegal drugs on the United States through global cooperation. Since the events of September 11, INL has broadened its policy and program focus, emphasizing capacity building in key developing countries with weak justice sectors vulnerable to terrorist threats and areas critical to protecting our homeland security.

INL objectives are:

To reduce the cultivation and production of drugs by means of eradication and alternative development;

To restrict and remove trafficking options and capabilities of criminal organizations;

To protect the homeland by enhancing the physical and procedural security at designated international sites;

To build institutional capacity for international cooperation in combating transnational crimes;

To establish rule of law, to include post conflict areas, while safeguarding human rights;

To facilitate rule of law by means of strengthening law enforcement and judicial systems to deter, investigate, prosecute criminals and criminal organizations.

INL programs produce:

Fewer illegal and dangerous drugs on America's streets;

Greater host nation law enforcement capabilities to work jointly with U.S. agencies on counterterrorism operations;

Improved security and political stability in post-conflict situations;

Enhanced host nation capabilities to stem money laundering and interdict sources of terrorist financing; and

Greater host nation capacity to combat corruption and organized crime;

INL counterdrug and law enforcement country programs are the primary vehicles for the provision of bilateral assistance. Country programs:

Are developed on the basis of country strategies coordinated at post by the Country Teams and/or Law Enforcement Working Groups and host nation officials;

Are formalized through bilateral Letters of Agreement that set out key objectives, program priorities, performance targets, and funding levels;

Strengthen relationships with various host country ministries and law enforcement authorities;

Support operational law enforcement cooperation between the host governments and the FBI, DEA, and others by providing valuable training/equipment/technical assistance platforms;

Are coordinated at post by Narcotics/Law Enforcement Section Officers directly linked to INL;

Are supported in Washington by INL subject and country experts and policy apparatus;

Are implemented by a wide variety of U.S. law enforcement and regulatory agencies, international organizations, NGOs, and international assistance agencies.

INL's regional and global programs complement country programs in key areas:

Anticorruption programs strengthen the political will to reduce corruption and create awareness and support for international standards in transparency and good governance;

Regional law enforcement training brings together professionals from neighboring countries and builds them into a network for future cooperation;

Demand reduction programs reach out to grass-roots constituencies with education and support, improving American's own image in the process;

Anti-money laundering/terrorist financing programs identify vulnerabilities in key countries and provide speedy assistance to create sound financial institutions;

Anti-alien smuggling and border security programs help extend our first line of defense against all forms of transnational crime;

Cybercrime, cybersecurity and intellectual property crime programs address the growing impact of criminal misuse of information technology.

International crime and terrorism remain serious threats to the United States and many close friends and allies. Both follow the path of least resistance; where laws and law enforcement are weak or compromised, those who thrive by preying on others move in.

Global recognition of the dangers of drugs and crime -- and the need for stronger international cooperation to fight those threats -- has steadily increased. The one-time divide between "producer" and "consumer" countries of illicit narcotics has vanished, replaced by understanding that all countries are vulnerable and that domestic drug problems are on the increase in drug producing and trafficking states around the world. Similarly, nations on all continents have begun to accept that corruption and money laundering associated with trafficking relentlessly undermine governments and national economies. U.S. leadership has galvanized support for new multilateral instruments, such as conventions against organized crime and corruption. Meanwhile, the international community continues to support strongly the ambitious antidrug commitments embodied in the three U.N. drug conventions.

Policy Goals

To meet these challenges, the President has placed the fight against terrorism, international narcotics, and transnational organized crime high on our national security and foreign policy agendas. The State Department and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) play a key role in carrying out the President's agenda by coordinating U.S. international drug polices with the Office of National Drug Control Policy and by leading in the development and coordination of U.S. international drug and crime programs. To deal with the increasing linkage and overlap among drug, crime, and terrorist groups, INL has begun shifting from separate programs for counternarcotics and anticrime to a broader and more integrated law enforcement effort to combat the full range of criminal, drug, and terrorist threats. INL does this through a range of bilateral, regional, and global initiatives to build up the law enforcement capabilities of foreign governments so they can help stop these threats before they reach U.S. soil. This includes extending our first line of defense by strengthening border controls of other countries in addition to our own, ensuring that global criminals have no place to hide, attacking international financial and trade crimes, and responding to emerging crime challenges.

INL efforts center on two Department performance goals:

  1. Eradicate illegal drugs and trafficking organizations- International trafficking in drugs, persons, and other illicit goods are disrupted and criminal organizations dismantled. For counternarcotics, this includes reducing drug crop cultivation through a combination of law enforcement, eradication, and alternative development programs in key source countries as well improving the capacity of host nation police and military forces to dismantle narcotics production and trafficking centers. It also includes strengthening the ability of both source and transit countries to investigate and prosecute major drug trafficking organizations and their leaders and to block and seize their assets.

  2. Strengthen laws, law enforcement institutions, and judicial systems- States cooperate internationally to set and implement antidrug and anticrime standards, share financial and political burdens, and close off safe-havens through justice systems and related institution building. International cooperation is key for combating drugs and crime. The job is simply too large for one nation to handle alone. Such cooperation includes working directly with other governments on a bilateral basis as well as multilateral cooperation at the global, regional, and even sub-regional levels in order to set standards, monitor and assist in their implementation, and coordinate on collective actions. Since drug and crime groups tend to thrive best in developing nations where justice sector institutions are weak, institution building is a core ingredient of INL programs. To carry out our institutional development programs, INL works closely with, and draws on, the expertise of sixteen other USG agencies, including USAID, Justice, Treasury, Commerce, Homeland Security, Defense, DEA, FBI and the Coast Guard.

Program Performance

Although the FY 2005 INL counternarcotics budget represents only a small part of the federal drug control budget, INL bilateral and multilateral programs and diplomatic initiatives are currently strengthening counternarcotics and law enforcement efforts in more than 150 countries around the world in support of the President's 2004 National Drug Control Strategy and other strategies aimed at fighting crime and protecting our national security interests. The focus of our programs, and our budget, remains countries of the Andean Region of South America, the primary source of the cocaine and heroin entering the United States, and their immediate neighbors. INL is also targeting major transit states in South and Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico, which is also a source country for heroin, marijuana as well as methamphetamines. Finally, INL is also giving increased attention the entry of synthetic drugs via the Western Hemisphere into the United States.

CY 2004 posed many new challenges as INL focused on strengthening the counterterrorism elements of our program. It also presented new opportunities, including Iraq, where the U.S. and other coalition members are working to build stability, democracy, and economic progress in the post-conflict period. Highlights of INL programmatic and diplomatic accomplishments over the year include the following:

ACI: Promoting peaceful stability by combating narcoterrorism.

Colombia: Colombia is the source of more than 90 percent of the cocaine and about half of the heroin entering the United States. In 2004, INL-supported aerial eradication program continued to reduce coca cultivation, building on record-breaking successes in terms of the number of hectares sprayed in the past three years. Coca cultivation declined by an additional 33 percent over the past two years, and 2004 official estimates are expected to show further decline. This represents a major breakthrough in terms of attacking cocaine production at the source. INL's goal is to fundamentally reduce coca cultivation and cocaine production to a minimal level in Colombia within the next 18-24 months, assuming continued strong Colombian leadership.

With U.S. support, the Uribe Administration has intensified its attack on narco-terrorism, extraditing almost 200 narco-terrorists to the U.S. during his presidency. INL also helped fund Uribe's successful move to establish a police and security presence in every municipality in Colombia for the first time in history. The increased police presence has helped consolidate the rule of law to the point where kidnappings, killings and other violent crimes have decreased dramatically. In addition, the Colombian Air Bridge Denial Program is a proven force multiplier against drugs and their illicit proceeds, forcing down 15 suspect aircraft and destroyed 13 on the ground in 2004.

USAID efforts in 2004 focused on infrastructure development and income-boosting private sector partnerships in provinces adjacent to the coca producing centers, where economic opportunities are better and where such programs have been more successful in the past. In FY 2004 alone, alternative development (AD) programs aided more than 12,845 additional families. Additional USAID administered programs included justice sector reform, aid to internally displaced persons and fostering democratic processes.

Peru and Bolivia: INL continues to lead interagency efforts to bolster political will in Peru and Bolivia to consolidate the hard-won gains in recent years against coca cultivation and trafficking that ended their long reign as the primary source of the world's cocaine. Eradication efforts in Peru in 2004 are expected to focus on attacking coca cultivation in new areas and any newly discovered heroin fields. Closer coordination between the USG and GOP has lead to record-breaking interdictions in 2004, especially in maritime seizures. Despite exceeding its international commitment to eradicate 8,000 hectares of coca in 2004, Bolivia coca cultivation increased 6% overall. The principal challenge facing Bolivia today remains the unconstrained expansion of coca cultivation in the Yungas and surrounding areas. The GOB's continuing strong interdiction performance in 2004 demonstrates the value of long-term investments made in developing special counternarcotics police units (FELCN). In 2004 FELCN destroyed 2,254 cocaine base labs and made 4,138 arrests in 5,836 operations. Cocaine seizures rose 11.8% over the same period in 2003 (not counting the "Luz de Luna seizure in August 2003 of 5.1 mt of cocaine); and seizures of liquid and solid precursor chemicals rose 24.3% and 210.8 % respectively. Total potential cocaine production in Bolivia decreased from an estimated 240 metric tons in 1995 to 65 metric tons in 2004. As of 2004, Alternative Development (AD) in the Chapare has assisted a cumulative total of 28,290 families and 144,000 hectares, previously devoted to illegal coca, now produce licit crops. The average income of families assisted by AD projects increased to $2,390 in 2004 and the number of licit jobs rose to 62,304.

Eradicating Opium Poppy in Asia: Quiet Success Stories

Thailand: Through U.S. assistance and consistent domestic effort, Thailand has fallen from the ranks of Major Producers of illicit opium. Thailand, once a major source of heroin into the U.S. and elsewhere, is now a net importer of heroin. Thailand's production has remained below the statutory level for inclusion in the Majors List (1000 hectares) for five consecutive years.

Pakistan: Once a major producer of opium poppy, Pakistan essentially became poppy-free by 2000. Massive cultivation in Afghanistan, however, spilled over into Pakistan more recently, with a resurgence of opium poppy cultivation, occurring, including in non-traditional growing areas. Crop control efforts, as well as enhanced opium poppy monitoring and support for economic alternatives, are decreasing narcotics production and trafficking.

SE Asia: International diplomatic pressure and alternative development programs in Burma and Laos have helped bring about sharp reductions in opium poppy cultivation in those countries in recent years, a trend that is expected to continue.

Other Key Successes

Mexico: Protecting our Border and Partnering Against International Threats: Our shared 2,000-mile border with Mexico is the entry point into the U.S. of huge amounts of illicit drugs, including the majority of South American cocaine shipments as well as the overwhelming majority of illegal aliens, some with links to organized crime and terrorist groups. Therefore, our law enforcement partnership with Mexico is critical to U.S. national security. U.S. law enforcement agencies report that Mexican cartels now dominate 11 of the 13 major domestic drug distribution centers inside the United States. Department programs to accelerate Mexico's steps to reform and modernize it justice sector are significantly improving U.S. and Mexican abilities to cooperate and coordinate at the operational level. Mexican law enforcement agencies and military personnel continued their successful targeting of major drug trafficking organizations and their leaders, arresting numerous major fugitives wanted on drug charges in the U.S. During 2004, the Government of Mexico extradited 34 fugitives (16 for narcotics offenses) to the United States. However, given the large number of fugitives from U.S. justice believed to be in Mexico, the U.S. would like to see these numbers increased, particularly in regard to major drug traffickers, since no one in that category has been extradited yet. In 2004 (through November 30), Mexican authorities seized 25 metric tons (MT) of cocaine, 270 kgs of heroin, and 1,800 MT of marijuana. Mexican eradication forces continued their aggressive efforts to eliminate opium poppy and marijuana cultivation, although Mexico remains a significant supplier of heroin and marijuana to the U.S. drug market. Border security projects are ahead of schedule, with planned placements of non-intrusive inspection equipment at several main ports of entry near completion.

Afghanistan: The inability of the Afghan national government to establish an effective police and counternarcotics presence in the provinces led to a tripling of opium poppy cultivation during the 2003-2004 growing season, more than offsetting the significant drop in cultivation levels in SE Asia. Without an organized security force or rule of law, the drug trade and the revenues and criminal groups generated by it will continue to undermine the stability of both Afghanistan and the region. Working with Germany to help rebuild the national police force, the U.S. built new training facilities and graduated some 36,000 officers (out of 50,000 planned). They have now been deployed in regular police units.

Pakistan: A Major Non-NATO Ally and key partner in the global war on terrorism and narcotics, Pakistan has taken into custody approximately 600 suspected al-Qaida and Taliban militants. Sharing a rugged 1,500-mile border with Afghanistan, Pakistan is challenged by terrorists seeking safe haven and traffickers attempting to move arms, persons, and narcotics through poorly policed areas. INL assistance through the Border Security Program involves helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft to provide surveillance capability, border outpost and road construction, patrol vehicles, communications equipment and training to address this vulnerability. Assistance provides law enforcement agencies with training, equipment, and managerial reforms to strengthen capacity. Although counter-narcotics cooperation has been excellent, and drug seizures have increased, assistance is necessary to continue to address opium poppy monitoring and eradication, economic alternatives, and demand reduction/drug awareness education programs.

Fighting Corruption and Setting International Standards Against Crime: Early in his Administration, President Bush identified the fight against corruption as a key foreign policy objective. In support of this objective, INL championed and helped deliver the first global instrument against corruption - the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) - that commits governments to cooperate in combating corruption. In 2004, the Department played a key role to promote international acceptance and implementation of the UNCAC. Efforts included helping to develop regional anticorruption mechanisms in the key regions of the Asia Pacific and Middle East that utilize UNCAC as a central pillar of focus, and working with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime and other countries to develop a legislative guide for implementing the UNCAC. At the G-8 Sea Island Summit, the U.S. and other G-8 governments announced the launching of comprehensive anticorruption assistance "Compacts" with Georgia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, and Peru to improve transparency in budget, procurement and concession-letting and to fight corruption. Using INCLE and other funds, the Department worked with all four G-8 Compact countries to develop action plans that identify government actions and potential opportunities for international assistance in each of the Compact focus areas.The U.S. also worked in the G-8 Lyon/Roma Group, the Organization of American States, and other fora to promote acceptance of the "denial of safe haven" policy related to corrupt officials and their assets. The Department was also successful in developing a historic anticorruption initiative in APEC, which leaders endorsed in Santiago in November 2004. The U.S. used INCLE funding to support Arab governments to develop a regional governance network, and to support two multilateral monitoring mechanisms - the Council of Europe's Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO), and the OAS Follow-up Mechanism -- that promote implementation of anticorruption commitments in dozens of countries.

Financial Crimes and Money Laundering: Terrorist groups, drug traffickers, and traditional transnational crime organizations share many traits, but none so compelling as the need to launder, hide, or secretly move their profits and operating funds. Over the past several years, INL has implemented an aggressive program to combat international financial crime, with an increasing emphasis on terrorist financing. In FY 2004, INL funding provided multi-agency training for more than 120 countries. To promote global cooperation on anti-money laundering, INL provides support to the multilateral Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which has added a special set of anti-terrorist financing recommendations to both its general anti-money laundering and recently revised recommendations, and to five FATF-style regional bodies. Our programs helped "graduate" eight countries from FATF's list of non-cooperating states and territories in 2002, four in 2003, three in 2004 and three in 2005 by improving their performance in combating money laundering. INL has also provided assistance to 23 of the more than two dozen states identified by the USG and the FATF as most "at risk" for terrorist financing operations.

Establishing Rule of Law in Post Conflict Societies: To meet urgent needs in countries in the post-conflict period, INL is taking measures to enhance the USG capacity to identify, train, equip and deploy civilian police, law enforcement and justice advisors to participate in multilateral peacekeeping and complex security operations. Using International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE), Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF), Peace Keeping Operations (PKO), and Support for East European Democracy (SEED) money, INL currently deploys more than 775 police advisors and justice experts in nine countries, including over 600 uniformed and armed U.S. police to conduct law enforcement operations in UN peacekeeping missions in Kosovo, Haiti and East Timor, and unarmed missions in Liberia and Sierra Leone. To meet future needs, INL is preparing to build a "ready reserve" of up to 2,000 pre-screened and pre-trained civilian police, law enforcement, and justice advisors for rapid deployment in multilateral peacekeeping and complex security situations. INL continues to implement programs that have helped establish, train, and equip 6,350 members of the new Kosovo Police Service as well as provide training for the 3,000-member East Timor Police Service. In Iraq, INL has provided 500 police liaison officers and 271 police trainers to support the reconstruction of the Iraqi police and the new Iraqi Government's efforts to provide effective internal security. INL constructed and manages the Police Training Center in Jordan being utilized to train 135,000 Iraqi police by late summer 2006. INL is also implementing justice (12 trainers/advisors) and prison (107 trainers / advisors) programs in Iraq. In Afghanistan, INL is managing police and justice programs designed to stand up and train 50,000 police in eight training centers in Kabul and the provinces, as well as assist with reform of the Ministries of Interior and Justice.

Law Enforcement Training and Technical Assistance: To date, the four International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs) in Hungary, Thailand, Botswana and New Mexico have trained over 15,000 officials from over 68 countries, including over 2,400 officials trained in 2004. Modifications to the ILEA curricula in 2004 now include more courses on counter-terrorism and on combating trafficking in persons. The permanent facility for ILEA Bangkok was completed in May 2004. In addition to the regionally based and focused training of the ILEAs, INL sponsored a broad range of specialized training, institutional development projects, and technical assistance activities tailored to the needs of individual countries. In FY 2004, INL sponsored 170 individual bilateral law enforcement training and technical assistance activities in more than 60 countries. These programs were carried out by agencies of the Departments of Justice, Homeland Security, and Treasury.

Trafficking in Persons: Annually, about 600,000-800,000 people - mostly women and children - are trafficked across national borders which does not count millions trafficked within their own countries. These victims of trafficking are forced, defrauded or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP Office) in 2004 assessed the progress of 131 governments in addressing trafficking. These findings were included in the fourth annual Trafficking in Persons Report released by Secretary of State Colin Powell in June 2004. In addition to the country assessments, this annual report was expanded to provide important information on child sex tourism, the link between prostitution and trafficking, child soldiers, involuntary servitude, and corruption. This report also highlighted best practices and the work anti-trafficking heroes, and told the real-life stories of victims. In FY 2004, the TIP Office funded or implemented approximately 42 programs in more than 35 countries using INCLE and other funding sources to pilot small programs to address demand for sex trafficking, continued law enforcement training and sensitization, shelters for trafficking victims, equipment for anti-trafficking police and prosecutor teams, and assistance in drafting anti-trafficking laws. The Office stepped up it efforts to engage in a strong outreach program aimed at governments, international and regional organizations, private groups, the travel and tourism industry and the media to increase awareness about trafficking and the contributing causes such as prostitution.

Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, and Intellectual Property Enforcement: The global spread of information technology (IT) to businesses and households throughout the world has brought significant economic and social benefits. However, the proliferation of the Internet and other beneficial manifestations of IT are threatened by criminals. Cybercrime, whether committed by exploiting computer systems, such as hacking or denial of service attacks, or whether committed as a formative of "traditional" crime such as identity theft and other fraudulent actions, is growing. Likewise, critical sectors of the U.S., such as energy resources, financial services, national security, and transportation, are dependent on the use and uninterrupted operation of networked systems that are potentially vulnerable to a cyber attack. Relatedly, theft of Intellectual property (IP) causes tremendous losses annually to innovative U.S. industries that heavily rely upon IP protection for computer software, hard goods (e.g., footwear, handbags, and timepieces), and digital media with IT playing an increasing role in the ease of theft (e.g., illegally downloading digital media from the Internet).

International law enforcement cooperation is an essential element in meeting the borderless threat of cybercrime, IP violations, and breaches of information infrastructures. To increase international cooperation, the USG needs to assist foreign partners in building the capacity to identify, combat, prosecute, and prevent cybercrime; protect shared critical information infrastructures; and address IP violations. INL plays a key role in providing training and technical assistance to foreign law enforcement personnel to promote increased cooperation between USG and foreign law enforcement and ensure that foreign law enforcement maintain the necessary degree of technical expertise to identify, investigate, prosecute, and prevent cybercrimes, IP violations, and breaches of information infrastructure.

Program Justification

The FY 2006 INL budget request of approximately $1.258 billion is designed to support President Bush's comprehensive strategy for combating the global threat of narcotics, organized crime, and terrorism. It also reflects INL's shift away from separate programs for counternarcotics and anticrime to a broader and more integrated law enforcement approach. The request builds on and strengthens ongoing initiatives in the Andean region, South Asia, and international law enforcement training while continuing to place increased emphasis on border projects. While attacking the core targets in Latin America and Asia, the strategy focuses on strengthening host nation capabilities to fight international drugs and crime. It is a long-term approach to create competent and honest counternarcotics and anticrime forces in countries where laws and institutions are weak. The strategy also supports efforts by multilateral organizations to reduce drug crop production in those major growing areas where our access is limited, such as Burma. Finally, the budget places special attention on anti-corruption, money laundering and financial crimes.

One primary focus of the FY 2006 budget request remains our counternarcotics efforts in Latin America, the principal source of drugs for the United States, and Afghanistan, the world's leading source of illicit opium, is one of the highest USG priorities. The approach in Latin America is regional, aimed at eliminating both the production and trafficking of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana from the Andean Region and Mexico. The budget will focus on interdiction efforts - including key transit zones of Central America and the Caribbean - as well as furnishing training and equipment to strengthen local law enforcement's ability to capture and prosecute drug traffickers and seize their assets. The program supports projects initiated under the FY 2000 Emergency (Plan Colombia) Supplemental and continued under the Andean Counterdrug Initiative. The request will continue to support key alternative development

Country and Account Programs

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) - $734.5 million

Colombia ($463 million): As the source of approximately 90 percent of the cocaine sold on American and European markets, Colombia continues to be the focus of our counternarcotics effort. FY 2006 programs will face major challenges in building upon the historic successes of 2003 and 2004 and to help President Uribe break the hold of narco-terrorism in the country. The increasingly successful aerial eradication, which is the centerpiece of our effort, will become more difficult and costly as growers disperse into smaller, more isolated fields, but INL is committed to maintaining the high eradication operations tempo of FY 2004 and 2005. The danger of ground fire hits on eradication aircraft has been dramatically decreased through the presence of the Colombian Army's Counterdrug Brigade in the eradication regions. In 2004, the number of ground-fire hits on aircraft carrying out eradication activities was about half of the previous year, around 200. In 2006 the air assets and the Colombian forces INL is training will be called on to finalize control of narco-terrorist zones, defend vital infrastructure, and support rescue operations. FY 2006 funding will support expected redefinition of missions, areas of operations to reflect the peacekeeping and counternarcotics phase of the GOC's expansion of legal authority throughout the country. Continued support for vetted units for counternarcotics police and military forces and aircraft for the Colombian National Police (CNP) as well as logistical and other support for the Colombian Army Counterdrug Mobile Brigade is crucial to prevent resurgence of opportunistic narcoterrorists in the fragile aftermath of Plan Colombia. To further consolidate the government's security presence throughout the country to enhance the rule of law and protect local populations against drug traffickers, INL will help further expand the CNP presence in conflict zones by funding the organization, training, and equipping of municipal police and mobile "carabineros" (rural police) units and train police investigators and prosecutors to implement a range of new criminal code procedures. Using INL funding, USAID will continue to support alternative development projects both to transition coca growers into the legal economy and provide alternatives to drug production. USAID (and the Bureau for Population, Refugees and Migration) will provide support to displaced people and USAID as well as the Department of Justice will support a variety of projects - administration of justice, human rights, local governance, transparency and accountability - to build and strengthen democratic institutions.

Peru and Bolivia ($177 million): INL programs in Peru ($97million) and Bolivia ($80 million) are designed to continue the effective eradication programs that have reduced cultivation in both countries to a fraction of their highpoint in the 1990's, to increase seizures of drugs and prevent spillover of trafficking activities from neighboring Colombia. These programs complement and support specific host government initiatives and include aggressive eradication, interdiction, alternative development, and institution-building components. For Bolivia, FY 2006 funding will further reduce coca cultivation, control the diversion of (licit) Yungas coca to cocaine production, interdict Bolivian and transshipped Peruvian and Colombian cocaine, expand demand reduction programs in schools, maintain appropriate ready-rates for land, riverine and air assets that support eradication and interdiction operations, provide training to police and prosecutors, improve efforts against money laundering, and extend alternative development to tens of thousands of families in the Chapare and Yungas. FY 2006 funding will support the continued upgrade of the Peruvian counternarcotics air fleet to provide greater mobility for expanded and improved monitoring, eradication, and interdiction operations, an enhanced port interdiction program, alternative development and livelihood programs to move farmers away from coca farming, and institution-building to strengthen counternarcotics investigations and prosecution.

Other ACI ($33.5 million): In Ecuador ($20 million), Brazil ($6 million), Venezuela ($3 million), and Panama ($4.5 million), the INL programs aim at disrupting trafficking organizations in these transit countries to ensure that traffickers and Colombian insurgents forced out of Colombia do not establish themselves in these countries. To help guard against this in Ecuador, INL will continue to assist national police and military efforts to protect the northern border as well as air and sea ports of entry. The Northern Development Project will assist the government in strengthening state presence and community structures in the north, generally supporting and expanding licit social, economic and political activities. FY 2006 assistance to Brazil will focus primarily on operations designed to secure the border with neighboring Andean countries, and the adjoining, largely unpopulated Amazonian basin against traffickers and other crime groups. INL will also reinforce federal police counterdrug efforts and support drug awareness/demand reduction programs in Brazil, which has become the world's second largest consumer of cocaine after the United States. Colombian traffickers heavily exploit neighboring Venezuela's location on the Caribbean to ship drugs to the U.S. To counter this, U.S. assistance to Venezuela will provide training, equipment, and management support to improve detection, seizure, intelligence, and investigative capabilities of law enforcement bodies and support on-site advisory assistance by USG experts at land, air, and sea ports of entry. INL assistance to Panama, Colombia's northern neighbor, will also focus on border control enhancement and will include refurbishing the Panamanian National Police's (PNP) truck fleet, augmenting its small boat unit, and expanding its communications. Counternarcotics and law enforcement assistance will strengthen Panama's ability to interdict shipments of narcotics, arms, and precursor chemicals, as well investigate contraband shipping as part of the Black Market Peso Exchange. Since Panama's dollar economy and relatively sophisticated banking system make it attractive for money laundering operations, our assistance also includes training and equipment for prosecutors and the Financial Investigation Unit of the Technical Judicial Police to enable them to detect, investigate and successfully prosecute such operations.

The Airbridge Denial Program ($21 million): Funding in FY 2006 will provide effective intelligence; surveillance for the Colombian ABD program that will lead to increased interdiction of illicit drug trafficking aircraft and provide a real deterrent to the narco-traffickers in the region. FY 2006 funding will continue to provide contractor maintenance support (maintenance and spare parts) for five (5) Cessna Citation aircraft and two (2) C-26 aircraft as well as training support for pilots and sensor operators and contractor safety oversight personnel for monitoring safety procedures built into the program. Additionally, funding will be used to establish additional Colombian forward operating locations to support an anticipated increase in the number of Colombia Air Force tracking operations into previously untracked air space and closer to Colombian borders with Brazil and Peru

Critical Flight Safety Program ($40 million): The Department of State Air Wing has an immediate need for a Critical Flight Safety Program (CFSP) to upgrade its severely aged aircraft fleet to commercial standards in order to sustain the counter-narcotics and counter-terrorism missions. The declining condition of the fleet presents the mission and our aircraft with a crippling reality of increased costs for amplified maintenance man-hours and material requirements, and degraded performance capability. In many cases aircraft have evidence of severe structural failures that have caused the Air Wing to ground aircraft. Many of the Air Wing's fleet are excess defense aircraft that are no longer supported or are being discontinued in the Department of Defense (DoD) inventory. Most of our airframes have not gone through any major airframe Programmed Depot Maintenance. Many aircraft are over 35 years old and have greater than 10,100 airframe hours. DoD typically removes from service helicopters that were flown in excess of 4,000 hours.

Additionally, major components are obsolete and no longer being manufactured or have limited repair capability. In many cases these components such as engine assemblies are experiencing premature removals far more frequently and never reach time-life expectancy. Failure and removal rates of major components are compounded by the incidence of ground fire and operations in a high optempo austere environment. These factors make managing readiness and controlling cost an extremely difficult challenge.

Maintenance modification and replacement initiatives are crucial in eliminating existing and unforeseen aircraft deficiencies. These initiatives will increase the operational reliability and logistics supportability of the Air Wing's aged aircraft inventory. The initiatives include fixes such as selective rewiring, critical airframe upgrades, selective component replacement, and retrofitting obsolete components. This will successfully control many age related costs and sustain the capability. These initiatives require immediate attention.

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement - $523.874 million

Other Latin America - $51 million

Mexico ($30.0 million): Mexico remains critical to U.S. security interests. It is the transit zone for most illicit drugs entering the U.S. Mexico is the largest foreign source of marijuana consumed in the US and the second principal supplier of heroin. Mexican criminal organizations now dominate the sale and distribution of illicit narcotics in the U.S. and engage in a broad array of other criminal activities. Mexico is also the overwhelming host country for transiting illegal aliens entering the U.S., some with links to terrorist organizations. Our main diplomatic and programmatic challenge has been to support the Fox Administration's criminal justice system reform effort. INL is also focused on homeland/border security, a high priority for the President. FY 2006 programs will focus on three areas: 1) criminal justice institution and sector development, 2) crime control and counternarcotics operational support, including operational support to specialized crime units and assistance to Mexico's three-pronged (air, land, sea) drug interdiction strategy, and 3) homeland security and border control, including enhanced screening at key ports of entry/exit and choke points in both the north and south of Mexico. The latter is designed to promote the efficient flow of goods, people and services across the U.S.-Mexican border -- including development of a fast-lane system to expedite crossing for low-risk vehicles and people -- while providing a broad-based screening system to protect U.S. national security. INL counterdrug assistance will focus primarily on modernizing the airwing of the counternarcotics unit. Assistance for the justice sector will focus on institutional development and rooting out corruption, including professionalization of police agents, prosecutors, and both state and federal judges. Assistance will also be directed at strengthening the specialized anti-money laundering units belonging to the Treasury Department and the Attorney General.

Haiti ($15 million): Reforming and developing the criminal justice system will be key to the long-term goals of stability and economic development in Haiti. Funds will be used to enhance the accountability, functioning, and training capacity of the Haitian National Police (HNP). This will be accomplished by working in coordination with the United Nations and other donors to assist in the training of new HNP recruits, to vet and train existing officers, provide equipment and infrastructure repairs to facilitate mobility and communications, to continue the development of a forensics and investigative capacity, support the development of the Inspector General function, and establish a personnel system that ties employment to pay. Funding for counternarcotics will be directed toward supporting the operations of a vetted HNP anti-drug unit, equipping and training the Haitian Coast Guard for maritime drug interdictions, and providing technical assistance to the Financial Investigative Unit in support of ongoing money laundering and corruption investigations.

Other Western Hemisphere ($6 million): Caribbean, Central American and non-Andean South American countries are important transit corridors for drugs, precursor chemicals, illegal trafficking funds, weapons, and illegal aliens headed to the U.S. These countries are regional allies in the global fight against transnational crime and terrorism and represent a first line of defense in the protection of our national security. Funding will be directed towards maintaining the interdiction capabilities of these countries through the modernization of law enforcement and judicial institutions, as well as the provision of technical assistance to battle corruption, money laundering and drug-related crime. Funding will also support drug abuse prevention/treatment programs to protect their societies from the corrupting influences of the narcotics trade.

Africa - $4.2 million

Liberia ($2 million):INL's FY 2006 funding will continue to support the broader USG efforts, which began in FY 2003, to build a stable and democratic society following years of dictatorship and civil war. INL crime control assistance will support up to 10 (down from a peak of 75) U.S. civilian police deployed as part of the UN Peacekeeping Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) to serve as mentors and advisors to the new Liberian Police Service.

Nigeria ($1 million): Nigerian organized crime groups dominate the African narcotics trade transporting drugs to the U.S., Europe and Asia. Nigeria- based criminal organizations are engaged in advance-fee fraud, and other forms of financial crime, including identity theft that defraud American citizens and businesses. FY 2006 funding will be used to build strong counterpart agencies for U.S. law enforcement in two critical areas: counter-narcotics and financial fraud.

South Africa ($.6 million):South Africa is an anchor for stability and prosperity in southern Africa. Despite South Africa's regional leadership role on crime, terrorism, and immigration, organized crime remains a threat to South Africa own efforts to create stability and prosperity at home. FY 2006 funding will be used to assist the Sough African police more effectively address national and transnational crime.

Africa Regional ($.6 million): Weak law enforcement institutions throughout Africa corrupt and weaken governments, undermine progress toward democracy and provide an attractive environment for terrorism and transnational organized crime. The Africa program supports states in the region with a demonstrated commitment to good governance and democratic policing and the political will to achieve these goals. FY 2006 funds will be used for programs designed to upgrade core policing and prosecutorial skills through modernization of academies and teaching methodologies, and border security programs. Programs will improve the capacity of governments to combat trafficking in narcotics and other contraband, illegal migration, public corruption, and financial fraud.

Asia and the Middle East - $337.474 million

Iraq ($26.474 million): - The establishment of a professional, capable police force of 135,000 is an integral component of the national security strategy in Iraq. FY 2005 supplemental funding is being requested to train, equip, and mentor this police force. The FY 2006 International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) funding request will continue to be focused on key police, justice, and prisons programs through the provision of bilateral technical assistance and support to the Ministries of Interior and Justice. Up to five senior advisors, one to each of the Iraq Criminal Justice System's (ICJS) components -- police, border enforcement, prosecutors, courts and prisons -- will be assigned to assist ongoing Iraqi reform and development of these institutions. In addition to mentoring senior Iraqi leadership, advanced and specialized training programs will enhance the overall organizational management skills of all ICJS components. Police, legal, judicial and correctional advisors and trainers will be deployed to provide assistance and instruction. A small support capability will be maintained in country to provide logistics, transportation and security support for advisors and trainers deployed to Iraq.

Afghanistan ($260 million): Continued insecurity in Afghanistan over the past year has placed increasing demands on INL programs, requiring the acceleration and substantial expansion of the three main programs: law enforcement, counternarcotics, and judicial reform. Law enforcement funds will support maintenance and operation costs for our eight (8) INL Training Centers and police trainer-advisors to continue basic training program for low-level police officers as needed, provide field training for police and specialized courses that build on basic training programs previously provided for the police, provide critical infrastructure support including rehabilitation of police and border police facilities, complete Ministry of Interior reform efforts and support payment of police salaries through a contribution to the United Nations Development Program Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan. The U.S. will continue to support the UK lead on counternarcotics by providing enhanced assistance to eradication teams, and expansion of specialized training and equipment of drug enforcement units, public information and demand reduction campaigns. Justice Sector Reform funds will support four strategic objectives; development of institutional capacity of the permanent justice institutions; development of the operational capacity of criminal justice sector actors, development of the corrections system and professionalization of justice sector personnel. Specific activities will include court construction, advisory support, specialized training and continued support for the bar association, licensing development and legal aid centers. Funds will also be used to establish temporary detention facilities, correctional personnel advising and training and a prisoner tracking system and database. The reintegration of women into the legal sector will remain a focus through FY06.

Indonesia ($5 million): Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim country, is a strategic partner in the fight against transnational criminal organizations. It is an emerging democracy poised for a leadership role in the Islamic world. INL's FY 2006 police assistance program has four components: transformation of the Indonesian National Police (POLRI) from a military-led to a civilian-led police force, modernization of the Marine Police, reformation of the criminal justice sector and professionalization of the POLRI's counterdrug unit. Earlier phases of the POLRI program focused on developing leadership among high-ranking officers and providing specialized law enforcement training. FY 2006 funds will continue these efforts and will advance and institutionalize an on-going anti-corruption and police disciplinary system, and improve core police skills and expertise in specialized investigative areas, including cybercrime and environmental crime. Assistance to the Marine Police will improve the effectiveness of the force charged with protecting Indonesia's maritime borders, which stretch across 17,000 islands and which are vulnerable to a range of criminal activities from narcotics trafficking to terrorism. INL assistance will also support the professionalization of the criminal justice system, which is rife with corruption and not reflective of Indonesia's move toward an open and democratic government. Counter narcotics assistance will support management and forensics training with a focus on tactical operations training. Train-the-trainer support will be offered to the counternarcotics interdiction task force.

Morocco ($2 million): Morocco is a strong partner of the United States in the global war on terrorism. Due to its long and poorly controlled borders with Algeria, Mauritania, and the Spanish enclaves, its extensive coastline, and its proximity to Europe, Morocco has significant problems with illegal migration and human smuggling, narcotics production and trafficking, the movement of terrorists through its territory, and commercial smuggling. These criminal activities undermine the rule of law, foster public corruption, and weaken Moroccan institutions that assist the U.S. in the war on terrorism. Funding will focus on border control, including extensive technical advice as well as some equipment. Funding will also go to community-policing projects designed to increase public confidence in law enforcement institutions.

Pakistan ($40 million): The events of September 11 shifted the focus of INL assistance to Pakistan from drug control and related programs to law enforcement, including security of the critical border with Afghanistan and Iran. The Border Security Program is designed to strengthen the capacity of law enforcement agencies in Pakistan to secure the western border against terrorists, criminal elements, and narcotics traffickers. With the delivery of needed aircraft and vehicles for the Border Security Program, funding will shift to maintenance, support, and operating expenses for the USG-established Ministry of Interior Air Wing. Funds will also be used to construct border security roads in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas as well as additional border outposts and checkpoints at key roadway intersections. INL will also continue to support law enforcement and development activities to help modernize Pakistan's antiquated crime prevention and investigation system. Counternarcotics funding will support crop control operations in areas of new or expanded opium poppy cultivation in the border areas with Afghanistan.

Philippines ($2 million): The Philippines is a strategic ally and a partner in the global war on terrorism. Enhancing the capabilities of Philippine law enforcement and criminal justice sector is central to strengthening our mutual security. FY 2006 funding will support law enforcement development, improved police-prosecutor cooperation and counter narcotics police development. Funding will also be provided for a continuation of the Automated Fingerprint Identification System initiated in 2003.

Thailand ($1 million): Thailand is a long-time U.S. ally in the fight against drugs and host to one of our regional ILEAs. It also plays a leading regional role in the fight against narcotics and transnational crime. At one time a source country for heroin, Thailand's aggressive counternarcotics strategy kept opium poppy cultivation below 1000 hectares in 2004, for the sixth year in a row, and at the lowest level since the mid-1980s. Even so, Thailand serves as a transit zone for heroin and the sharp increase in methamphetamines coming out of Burma and other states in the region. At U.S. urging and with INL assistance, Thailand is in the process of amending virtually all of its basic narcotics laws and all substantive and procedural criminal laws, including those that pertain to money laundering and official corruption. Our FY 2006 funding will continue to support these important and on-going efforts.

Laos ($1 million): Laos is one of the world's least developed countries and the third largest source - after Afghanistan and Burma - of illicit opium poppy. In keeping with its stated goal of becoming opium-free by 2006, the total area under cultivation dropped by 53 percent in 2004. Yields also declined significantly in 2004 to 4.9 kilograms per hectare-down from 10.7 kilograms in 2003. Laos is also a transit route for Burmese drugs going to China and other SE Asian states. Laos has the second highest opium addiction rate in the world. INL development programs are aimed at stemming production, trafficking and abuse of illicit opium by providing market-based income alternatives for farmers, and training and equipment for counternarcotics units. Funding will also support drug awareness and demand reduction programs.

Regional and Global Programs - $117.2 million

Interregional Aviation Support ($70 million): In FY 2006, the Interregional Aviation budget will continue to provide only the core level services necessary to operate a fleet of 187 fixed and rotary wing aircraft supporting aviation activities in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru, border security operations in Pakistan, and, as needed, programs at other temporary deployment locations. Operations include eradication, mobility, interdiction, monitoring, and logistical support. The primary focus will continue to be on the aggressive aerial eradication of Colombian coca and poppy, where U.S.-funded planes sprayed over 131,500 hectares of coca and approximately 3,000 hectares of poppy in 2004. This marks the fourth consecutive year of record spray results, and 2002 and 2003 totaled a 33 percent net reduction in coca cultivation in Colombia. Aviation services in Bolivia and Peru will continue to support manual eradication as well as limited interdiction efforts in Peru and Bolivia. Also, in 2005, the Air Wing will deploy an aerial recon team to Peru over several weeks to locate and mark illicit poppy fields for subsequent eradication. INL-owned aircraft provide Pakistan with an Air Wing capability for integrated helicopter, fixed-wing, and ground forces operations in day, night, or using night vision goggles (NVG); it is used to provide surveillance along the porous, 1500-mile Afghan-Pakistan border area to permit interdiction of trafficking in persons, narcotics, arms, and other contraband, as well as to assist in monitoring areas where opium poppy is cultivated to permit eradication efforts. Finally, the establishment of host-government self-sufficiency remains a central goal for Air Wing operations in each country.

International Organizations ($10 million). The International Organizations budget funds multilateral approaches to fighting crime and drugs. U.S. support to international organizations complements INCLE and ACI bilateral programs, and has a multiplier effect by encouraging financial and political burden sharing by other countries. It also offers the United States an invaluable multilateral option through which to pursue U.S. objectives in situations where bilateral approaches would not be as effective. For many countries, assistance from international organizations is often more acceptable politically than direct bilateral assistance.

FY 2006 funds will support the UN Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in continuing and expanding ongoing international programs that enhance law enforcement, judicial, and financial institutions in developing countries. Funds will be used to promote the ratification and implementation of the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its supplemental protocols against human trafficking and migrant smuggling, the UN Convention Against Corruption, and the 12 legal instruments against terrorism. USG assistance to UNODC counternarcotics projects will support opium eradication through alternative development in Laos, the development and maintenance of national data banks to track chemical precursors, and to provide chemical control training for law enforcement officials. USG assistance also helps fund the UNODC global program against "money laundering to combat "traditional" forms of money laundering and the financing of terrorism; and the global legal advisory program, which promotes full implementation of the various international drug conventions.

Funding for the OAS/Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) supports key technical assistance and training projects for Latin American countries as they seek to enhance their ability to fight drugs and related crime, focusing in particular on shortcomings identified in the Mutual Evaluation Mechanism (MEM).

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction ($3 million): While INL programs focus primarily on reducing the supply of drugs entering the United States, our demand reduction programs have become increasingly important in recent years as both producing and transit countries suffer from increasing drug use. Sharing "best practices" increases prospects for success. INL funded research reported the long-term effects of previous INL-funded drug treatment training in Peru. The research showed drug use had declined in every category (90% to 34%) among users from who received training, 72 percent were employed six months after laving treatment, and over 90 percent had no further contact with the criminal justice system (i.e., arrests). INL has provided assistance to or has networking relationship with more than 7,000 public and grassroots organizations worldwide. In FY 2006, INL assistance will give particular attention to cocaine producing and transit countries in Latin America, address the recurring amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) epidemic in Southeast Asia, and address the heroin threat from Asia and Colombia. An expanded area of focus will be the Middle East and South Asia where over 400 Muslim-based anti-drug programs are members of the global INL drug prevention network.

Trafficking in Persons ($5 million): INCLE funds will be used to support the second year of activities of FY 2004 U.S. grant recipients. U.S. NGOs will conduct programs designed to address the priorities of the Department's Trafficking in Persons Office to include: raising awareness of law enforcement on the negative impact of trafficking and the importance of prosecuting traffickers and protecting victims; developing and enforcing new or existing laws; promoting multi-disciplinary (police, prosecutors, NGO service providers, for example) and coordinated approaches to addressing trafficking; collecting law enforcement data in a consistent and standardized manner; enhancing cross-border collaboration; building the capacity of foreign NGO partners; and rescuing and assisting victims. The proposed countries are India, Mexico, Ecuador, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Ethiopia, Mauritania, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Thailand and Burma. East Asia and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries are proposed targets for regional programs.

The Trafficking Office proposes to continue to support specialized anti-trafficking programs conducted at the International Law Enforcement Academies in Bangkok, Botswana and Budapest. Specifically, INL proposes to target local law enforcement officials and prosecutors working with U.S. grant recipients and their local NGO partners in East Asia, SADC countries, Estonia and Slovenia. These officials and prosecutors will receive technical training on investigative and prosecutorial techniques to combat trafficking in persons. The Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security or an organization will be contracted to provide the training at the ILEAs.

INL Anticrime Programs ($13 million): INL will continue to support a range of diplomatic and programmatic anti-crime initiatives, funded in part from the Anticrime account, but also from other INL budget line items, such as International Organizations and some country accounts. The most prominent programs will focus on money laundering, corruption, migrant smuggling, border security, and various intellectual property theft and cyber-related threats.

Migrant Smuggling: The smuggling of illegal migrants, which can serve as a vehicle for terrorist entry into the United States, is a major national security concern. Funds for this program will help support the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center - a joint State/Justice/Homeland Security center that has begun to collect, analyze, and disseminate intelligence and other information to facilitate coordinated international law enforcement efforts against illegal migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons.

Border Security: Porous borders greatly enhance the ability of international criminals, smugglers, and terrorists to expand their operations and avoid apprehension. However, as the first line of defense for many countries, stiff border controls can be a substantial deterrent to such activity and be a vehicle for gleaning useful information for identifying, investigating, and dismantling crime syndicates. INCLE border control funds will continue to be focused on strengthening and complementing several of the programs INL has underway in South and Central America that are needed to stop a rash of criminal activity including narcotics trafficking, alien smuggling, and money laundering in this region. Our focus will include the Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay tri-border area, where all three threats as well as terrorism merge.

Anti-Money Laundering/Terrorist Financing: INL will promote the use of legislative, enforcement and regulatory tools to deny criminals and terrorists access to financial institutions and markets. With Homeland Security, INL will fund training and equipment for the nascent Trade Transparency Units (TTUs) in selected countries to combat funds moved through alternative remittance systems and falsified trade data in South Asia and Latin America. INCLE funding will support the new regional technical assistance/training programs in Central America and the Pacific Island region, using the Caribbean Anti-money Laundering Program as a model. Regional programs are particularly cost effective because they provide training and assistance to several countries sharing similar terrorist financing and money laundering problems. Funding will also provide short and long-term advisers to selected countries to help strengthen their overall anti-money laundering/anti-terrorist financing regimes. Additionally, INL will fund an innovative "FIU in a Box" initiative that will develop scaled-down software that will enable small FIUs to collect, analyze and disseminate financial intelligence to domestic law enforcement and to other FIUs globally. This program will enable jurisdictions that lack fiscal and human resources to become active players in the global effort to thwart money laundering and terrorist financing at a fraction of the current start-up costs for a full-scale FIU. INL programs will also continue to support multinational anti-money laundering organizations, such as the Financial Action Task Force and regional FATF-style bodies, as well as the creation of new regional bodies for Central Asia and the Middle East.

Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and IP Crime: INL fills a key role in the overall USG strategy to combat criminal misuse of information technology through our ability to provide capacity-building training to foreign law enforcement. Since many governments are just now beginning to write adequate laws on cybercrime and IP, INL supports DOJ legislative-drafting workshops, such as the ones held last year for APEC and OAS member states. As part of the USG inter-agency working group on critical infrastructure protection (CIP), INL provides policy support and training assistance to our foreign partners to help them address cyber security concerns. In FY 2006, the countries INL is particularly likely to work with to build institutions to address IPR challenges include Brazil, Hungary, Mexico, Paraguay, Poland, and Ukraine.

Fighting Corruption: Any effective anti-crime/anti-terrorism program must also attack corruption. INCLE funding will support several international mechanisms - at the U.N., Council of Europe, OAS, APEC and others - to monitor and assist in the implementation of anticorruption commitments by more than 80 nations. Funding will also support implementation of G-8 anti-corruption assistance Compacts - fully integrated, government-wide programs designed to attack corruption across multiple sectors -- in Georgia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, and Peru.

Civilian Police Program ($2.7 million): FY 2006 funding will build on FY 2004 and FY 2005 progress in establishing a cadre of civilian police, law enforcement and justice advisors. The FY 2004 goal was to identify, screen, equip and pre-train approximately 500 police who would be available for duty abroad on short notice to serve in international peacekeeping and complex security missions. Given the current heavy demand for civilian police around the world, however, it will be difficult for the "ready reserve" to stay ahead of actual deployments. Using INCLE, IRRF, and SEED funding, INL expects to manage post conflict operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Macedonia, East Timor, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. These together will involve nearly 1,000 U.S. civilian police and criminal justice experts.

International Law Enforcement Academies ($13.5 million): INCLE funds will continue to support the work of established ILEAs in Bangkok, Budapest, Gaborone and Roswell, New Mexico. In addition, DOS continues to negotiate for the establishment of a new ILEA in Latin America to address areas of strategic importance to the United States. If established, this ILEA is expected to deliver pilot training sessions in FY 2005 and should deliver its full training program in FY 2006. Other activities in FY 2006 will include implementing modified curricula for core and specialized curriculum that targets areas of growing international criminal activity such as terrorism, financial crimes, corruption and trafficking in persons.

Program Development and Support (PD&S)- $14 million

The Program Development and Support (PD&S) budget of $14,000,000 will be used to fund the domestic administrative operating costs associated with the Washington-based INL Staff. Funding covers the salaries and benefits of U.S. Direct Hire employees, personal services contracts, rehired annuitants and reimbursable support personnel. These funds also cover field travel necessary for program development, implementation, oversight and review, as well as for the advancement of international counternarcotics foreign policy objectives. PD&S funds are also used to maintain reliable and secure information resource management systems, office equipment rental, telephone services, printing and reproduction, materials, supplies, furniture and equipment.

Budget Summary

     INL Budget by Program   

       ($000)      

   

FY 2004
Actual

FY 2004
Supp

FY 2005
Estimate

FY 2005 Supp

FY 2006
Request

ACI Country Programs         

Bolivia: Interdiction/Eradication

49,248

-

48,608

-

43,000

Alter. Dev./Inst. Building

41,752

-

41,664

-

37,000

Brazil

10,200

-

8,928

-

6,000

Colombia:  Interdiction/Eradication (A)

324,621

-

310,694

-

310,850

Alter. Dev./Inst. Building

149,279

-

124,694

-

124,757

Rule of Law

-

-

27,379

-

27,393

Ecuador:  Interdiction/Eradication

20,088

-

10,912

-

8,460

Alter. Dev. /Inst. Building

14,912

-

14,880

-

11,540

Guatemala

-

-

992

-

-

Nicaragua

-

-

992

-

-

Panama

6,487

-

5,952

4,500

Peru: Interdiction/Eradication

66,295

-

61,504

-

54,000

Alter.Dev./Inst.Building

49,705

-

53,866

-

43,000

Venezuela

5,000

-

2,976

-

3,000

Critical Flight Safety

-

-

-

-

40,000

Air Bridge Denial Program

-

-

11,111

-

21,000

Statutory Reduction ACI

B

-

B

-

B

Total ACI Country Programs

737,587

-

725,152

-

734,500

Subtotal: Interdiction/Eradication

479,739

-

459,932

-

489,400

Subtotal: Alter.Dev./Inst.Bldg.

257,848

-

265,220

-

217,707

INCLE COUNTRY PROGRAMS

Other Latin America    
Bahamas

1,000

-

992

-

500

Guatemala

3,000

-

2,820

-

2,500
Jamaica

1,500

-

1,488

-

1,000

Mexico

37,000

-

39,680

-

30,000

Latin America Regional   4,850

-

3,224

-

2,000
Haiti

-

-

-

-

15,000

Subtotal

47,350

-

48,204

-

51,000

Africa
Liberia

-

-

5,000

-

2,000

Nigeria

2,250

-

2,232

-

1,000

South Africa

1,770

-

1,756

-

600

Africa Regional

2,830

-

1,512

-

600

Subtotal

6,850

-

10,500

-

4,200

Asia and the Middle East
Afghanistan (C)

-

50,000

-

-

-

Afghanistan

-

170,000

89,280

660,000

260,000

Indonesia

-

-

-

-

5,000

Iraq (D)

-

-  

-

-  

26,474

Laos

2,000

-

1,984

-

1,000

Morocco

-

-  

2,992

-  

2,000

Pakistan

31,500

-  

32,150

-  

40,000

Philippines

2,000

-  

3,968

-  

2,000

Thailand

2,000

-  

1,608

-  

1,000

Asia/Middle East Regional

1,000

-  

496

-  

-

Subtotal

38,500

220,000

132,478

660,000

337,474

Europe
Malta

-

-  

2,976

-  

-

Subtotal

-

-  

2,976

-  

-

Total INCLE Country Programs

92,700

220,000

194,158

-  

392,674

INCLE GLOBAL PROGRAMS
Interregional Aviation Support

70,000

-  

66,620

-  

70,000

Systems Support & Upgrades

5,000

-  

694

-  

-

International Organizations

13,200

-  

5,496

-  

10,000

Demand Reduction/Drug Awareness

5,000

-  

9,920

-  

3,000

Trafficking in Persons

12,000

-  

4,960

-  

5,000

INL Anticrime Programs

11,324

-  

15,079

-  

13,000

Civilian Police Contingent

2,700

-  

2,678

-  

2,700

ILEA Operations

14,500

-  

12,734

-  

13,500

Regional Narcotics Training

-

-  

-

-  

-

Statutory Reduction INCLE

E

-  

E

-  

E

Total INCLE Global Programs

133,724

-  

118,181

-  

117,200

PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT & SUPPORT

13,850

-  

13,850

-  

14,000

TOTAL INCLE BUDGET

240,274

220,000  

326,189

660,000  

523,874

TOTAL ACI BUDGET 737,587  

-

725,152  

-

734,500  
TOTAL INL PROGRAMS

977,861

220,000  

1,051,341

660,000  

1,258,374

 

A - Congressional Notification (04-0185) - FMF Transfer of $10.9 Million to Colombia.

B - Statutory reduction ACI: $5.846 and $4.313 million in FY 2005 and FY 2004 respectively.

C - FY 04Transferred from the Emergency Response Fund pursuant to P.L. 107-38.

D - Pursuant to section 2207 and other relevant provisions of the Emergency Appropriations Act for Defense and for the Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, FY 2004, P.L. 108-106, $1,081.364 million was transferred.

E - Statutory reduction (INCLE) $2.631 million and $1.426 million in FY 2005 and FY 2004 respectively.

INL Budget by Function

($000)

 

FY 2004
Actual

FY 2004
Supp

 %

FY 2005
Estimate

FY 2005
Supp Req

%

FY 2006
Request

 %

ACI Funds:

Eradication and Interdiction:

Narcotics Law Enforcement and Interdiction

151,645

-

12.66%

113,200

-

6.61%

105,732

8.40%

Eradication and Crop Control

67,245

-

5.61%

105,528

-

6.17%

104,419

8.30%

Drug Awareness/
Demand Reduction

2,793

-

0.23%

3,418

-

0.20%

3,147

0.25%

Crime

2,791

-

0.23%

4,819

-

0.28%

3,944

0.31%

Critical Flight Safety & Aviation/Operations and Logistical Support

239,010

-

19.95%

216,682

 

12.66%

253,143

20.12%

Program Development and Support

16,255

-

1.36%

16,285

-

0.95%

19,015

1.51%

Sub-Total Eradication and Interdiction - ACI Funds

479,739

-

40.05%

459,932

-

26.88%

489,400

38.89%

Alternative Development/Institution Building

Alternative Development

224,368

-

18.73%

232,466

-

13.58%

214,097

17.01%

Administration of Justice and Support for Democracy

33,480

-

2.79%

32,754

-

1.91%

31,003

2.46%

Sub-Total Alt. Dev./Inst. Bldg.

257,848

-

21.53%

265,220

-

15.50%

245,100

19.48%

TOTAL - ACI

737,587

-

61.58%

725,152

-

42.37%

734,500

58.37%

INCLE Funds

Eradication and Interdiction:

Narcotics Law Enforcement and Interdiction

46,188

50,000

8.03%

51,892

92,500

8.44%

43,535

3.46%

Eradication and Crop Control

76,090

-

6.35%

93,493

161,500

14.90%

253,050

20.10%

Drug Awareness/
Demand Reduction

1,181

-

0.10%

808

-

0.05%

3,480

0.28%

Sub-Total Eradication and Interdiction

123,459

50,000

14.48%

146,193

254,000

23.38%

300,065

23.84%

Alternative Development/Institution Building

Alternative Development

0

-

0.00%

0

-

0.00%

0

0.00%

Administration of Justice and Support for Democracy

1,345

10,000

0.95%

4,588

-

0.27%

14,100

1.12%

Program Development and Support

22,426

-

1.87%

25,667

11,000

2.14%

29,250

2.32%

Border Control

27,877

-

2.33%

29,274

-

1.71%

26,178

2.08%

Anticrime Programs

19,605

160,000

14.99%

21,039

395,000

24.31%

26,907

2.14%

International Organizations

13,200

-

1.10%

5,496

-

0.32%

10,000

0.79%

Other Global Crime

3,162

-

-

73,560

-

4.30%

96,174

7.64%

Regional Narcotics Training

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Civilian Police Program

2,700

-

0.23%

2,678

-

0.16%

2,700

0.21%

International Law Enforcement Academy

14,500

-

1.21%

12,734

-

0.74%

13,500

1.07%

Trafficking in Persons

12,000

-

1.00%

4,960

-

0.29%

5,000

0.40%

Sub-Total - Alt. Dev./Inst. Bldg.

116,815

170,000

23.94%

179,996

406,000

34.24%

223,809

17.79%

TOTAL -INCLE

240,274

220,000

38.42%

326,189

660,000

57.63%

523,874

41.63%

TOTAL - INL BUDGET

977,861

220,000

100.00%

1,051,341

660,000

100.00%

1,258,374

100.00%



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