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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Latin America


International Narcotics and Law Enforcement: FY 2006 Budget Justification
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
April 2005
Report
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The Bahamas

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

1,000

992

500

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT) significantly disrupts the movement of illicit drugs through Bahamian territory to the U.S.

The number and amount of seizures of cocaine and marijuana will increase, along with the number of arrests of narcotics traffickers.

Bahamian law enforcement, with U.S. assistance, conducts sophisticated criminal and financial investigations and effective maritime interdiction operations that will result in a reduction in narcotics trafficking activity.

Cooperation and coordination with U.S. law enforcement will increase and several major Bahamian drug trafficking organizations will be dismantled.

The number of narcotics trafficking and money laundering cases successfully prosecuted will increase.

Judicial institutions are modernized so that drug traffickers and money launderers are successfully prosecuted in an expeditious manner and their assets seized and forfeited.

The value of assets seized and forfeited will increase significantly and the government will respond expeditiously to U.S. extradition requests.

Program Justification

An estimated 9 percent of the cocaine from South America destined for the United States passes through the Jamaica-Cuba-Bahamas sector. Since OPBAT's inception in 1982, the Bahamian and U.S. governments have cooperated closely to interdict the flow of drugs through The Bahamas. Over the years, the drug trade evolved continually. Whereas in the 1980s Colombian traffickers brought cocaine to the islands by aircraft, in the 1990s, it was the Jamaican and Bahamian organizations, which dominated the trade through the archipelago, moving drugs primarily by go-fasts. During 2004, DEA detected an increase in trafficking by aircraft and a corresponding decrease in go-fast events. In addition, DEA reported for the first time that Haitians resident in The Bahamas were involved in drug trafficking. To combat this ever-changing threat, OPBAT deploys as many as seven helicopters and other USG surveillance aircraft in coordination with Bahamian interceptor boats to detect and interdict both go-fast boats and aircraft operating in Bahamian territory. Although INL contributes only a fraction of the approximately $30 million the USG spends annually on OPBAT, INL assistance is crucial because it supports the participation of Bahamian law enforcement in joint interdiction efforts.

Program Accomplishments

OPBAT is the largest and oldest cooperative effort by any government involved in drug enforcement. Moreover, the Bahamian Police Drug Enforcement Unit has achieved an unparalleled record of success in taking down drug trafficking organizations. Since 2001, joint Bahamas-U.S. investigations have resulted in the takedown of three major Bahamian drug rings and hundreds of arrests in the US and The Bahamas. The most recent takedown took place in June 2004 when members of the Maycock/Smith trafficking group were arrested as a result of DEA's Caribbean-wide "Operation Manatee." Total cocaine seizures by OPBAT and Bahamian police during FY 2004 decreased to 2 MTs from 7 MTs in FY 2003. At the same time, marijuana seizures declined to 6 MTs from 12 MTs. The decline in seizures is due in part to the takedown of the Maycock/Smith ring and associated go-fast smuggling groups.

FY 2006 Program

INL intends to continue funding its direct hire position in the Narcotics Affairs Section even though this will sharply reduce the resources available to support ongoing projects. Embassy Nassau concurs that maintaining this position will demonstrate continuing commitment to OPBAT as well as confidence that additional resources will be available in the future.

Law Enforcement Investigations: This project will focus on improving the ability of the Royal Bahamian Police Force to detect, investigate, and prosecute drug smugglers through training and technical assistance.

Operation Bahamas Turks and Caicos (OPBAT): This project will support the maintenance of OPBAT bases and provide equipment for interdiction operations.

Program Development and Support (PD&S): PD&S funds cover the cost of salaries, benefits, and allowances of locally-hired personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and other general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

 The Bahamas
INL Budget
($000)
    

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Narcotics Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement Investigations 320 - 240 - 50
OPBAT 318 - 280 - 100
Fast Response Boats - - - - -
Sub-Total 638 - 520 - 150
Drug Awareness/
Demand Reduction
50 - 50 - -
Program Development and Support
U.S. Personnel 147 - 200 - 200
Non-U.S. Personnel - - - - -
ICASS Costs 99 - 132 - 130
Program Support 66 - 90 - 20
Sub-Total 312 - 422 - 350
Total 1,000 - 992 - 500

Guatemala

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

3,000

2,820

2,500

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

The Government of Guatemala (GOG) remains "certified" as "fully cooperating" with the United States in combating the transit of illicit drugs through Guatemala en route to the U.S.

The amount of drugs seized should increase. Number of arrests and prosecutions will rise by emphasizing institution building and cooperation between government agencies (police, military, and prosecutors). Effective use of information shared under the Cooperative Nations Information Exchange System (CNIES) agreement to track suspect air tracks through Guatemalan air space.

The GOG makes progress in the international arena to actively pursue narcotraffickers and combat money laundering.

The GOG should continue to put into action the signed Maritime Agreement. Further, the GOG should concentrate on implementing the new precursor chemical law. Asset forfeiture legislation and/or procedures still need to be adopted. The GOG has been removed from the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) List of Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories (NCCT), but needs to effectively prosecute money launderers and narcotraffickers within Guatemala's borders.

The GOG maintains the capability to perform professional and effective investigations that lead to the successful prosecution and conviction of narcotraffickers.

The GOG continues to streamline narcotics-related arrests and move forward on pending extradition cases.

The GOG maintains an effective and well-publicized demand reduction program.

Survey results show a declining rate of drug use.

Program Justification

Guatemala is a major drug transit country for South American cocaine en route to Mexico, the U.S. and Europe. Each year, at least 150 metric tons of cocaine are transited illegally through Guatemala by air, road, and sea. The GOG has begun to address many of the problems left over from the previous administration. However, it still faces widespread corruption, impunity, tremendous turnover in personnel in all government sectors, poor management and leadership, and an acute lack of resources. A recent survey showed that drug consumption is increasing, especially among young females.

Another serious and growing problem is the presence of youth gangs throughout the region. A recent study indicated that crime is the number one issue on the minds of Guatemalan citizens. Guatemala City has a 56 per 100,000 murder rate; many of which are gang-related. It is believed that these criminal organizations are often involved in other aspects of organized international crime including trafficking in narcotics, stolen cars, persons, arms and alien smuggling.

The presence of these criminal organizations in Guatemala (narcotraffickers and gangs) is troublesome. Their continued and growing presence will have a negative impact on regional stability, economic growth, U.S. exports, illegal immigration, and security of American citizens. If transnational crime grows, the relatively weak democratic institutions in Guatemala will be undermined.

While significant poppy cultivation in Guatemala has been eliminated, recent information obtained using the INL Regional Aerial Reconnaissance and Eradication (RARE) deployment shows an increase in cultivation. The overall amount, though, is still unknown. There is also a fair amount of marijuana cultivation. GOG narcotics control police carry out manual eradication, limited air-mobile interdiction (with INL assistance), port control operations, narcotics investigations, and road interdiction and inspection functions.

Program Accomplishments

After certification with a national interest waiver in March 2003 and subsequent re-certification in September 2003, the GOG began an earnest effort to reinforce counternarcotics efforts. In January 2004, a new government took office pledging to stamp out public corruption, money laundering and narcotic trafficking. As a result, several former government officials have been arrested and await trial in jail. The former president of Guatemala has fled the country and is residing in Mexico after his immunity from prosecution was removed. The Maritime Agreement between the US and Guatemala has been exercised and without exception the cooperation has been exemplary. The prospect of close cooperation with the new GOG presents the USG with unique opportunities. However, we can only take advantage of these opportunities if sufficient resources are devoted to our programs. Guatemala is the Southern border of NAFTA and there are clear US interests in ensuring that the Rule of Law is respected and functions in Guatemala.

FY 2006 Program

The INL program for FY 2006 will permit continuation (but not expansion) of ongoing programs/projects.

The Narcotics and Law Enforcement Project: This project focuses on enhancing the investigative and operational capacity of the Guatemalan law enforcement agencies to disrupt the trafficking of drugs and other trans-border crime. A new program will provide forensic capability and train investigators, prosecutors and judges in modern techniques of gathering and analyzing data. The program will also provide training and equipment to enhance GOG capability and operational support of interdiction and eradication missions. Funding will also be used to provide operational training to support Mayan Jaguar and other USG regional eradication and interdiction efforts, including Regional Aerial Reconnaissance and Eradication (RARE) and Central Skies regional deployments. This project also funds a full-time advisor who works with Guatemalan Customs authorities to increase their capabilities to interdict contraband, with a focus on seaports. Finally, funding will be used to enhance the GOG's capacity to operate anti-narcotics law enforcement unit (SAIA) with specialized police training, technical assistance, equipment and infrastructure. The overall goal for this project is to support the GOG's narcotics enforcement institutions, so that they can effectively disrupt drug trafficking and illicit crop production in Guatemala.

The Narcotics Prosecutor Assistance Project: This project supports the GOG's various special prosecutors units within the office of the Attorney General (Public Ministry) to enhance the GOG's capacity to effectively and transparently prosecute criminals while respecting internationally recognized human rights. Specifically, the program will seek to improve the capabilities of the counter-narcotics, anti-money laundering and anti-corruption prosecutors units in the investigation and prosecution of cases. In addition, a new program to provide specialized training for judges of the recently created "high impact" courts which focus on high-profile drug trafficking and money laundering cases. An emphasis will be placed on increasing drug convictions through improved case development and processing.

The Demand Reduction and Public Awareness Project: The main recipient is the Executive Secretariat for the Commission Against Addiction and Drug Trafficking (SECCATID). The main focus will be to provide funding for a follow-up survey on drug use, to promote regional cooperation, develop training materials and equip a mobile rehabilitation center. Commodities such as software, equipment, printing, design and reproduction of educational materials, audiovisual equipment, printing supplies will be provided.

Program Development and Support: funds will support salaries, benefits and allowances of U.S. and foreign national direct hire and contract personnel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Service (ICASS) costs and general administrative and operational expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

Guatemala
INL Budget
($000)
   

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
*FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Narcotics Law Enforcement
Narcotics Interdiction 200 - 200 - 200
Eradication 100 - 100 - 100
Institutional Development 1,350 - 1,170 - 875
Sub-Total 1,650 - 1,470 - 1,175
Administration of Justice 500 - 500 - 500
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 225 - 225 - 200
Program Development and Support
U.S. Personnel 228 - 228 - 228
Non-U.S. Personnel 99 - 99 - 99
ICASS Costs 185 - 185 - 185
Program Support 113 - 113 - 113
Sub-Total 625 - 625 - 625
Total 3,000 - 2,820 - 2,500
*Additional $992K in FY 2005 ACI Funding for Guatemala.

Haiti

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

-

-

15,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

The Haitian National Police (HNP) continues to be strengthened and reformed to develop the capacity to provide basic law enforcement that services the Haitian people, thereby promoting internal stability and a democratic future for Haiti, in conjunction with donors and the United Nations. Law enforcement and public order in Haiti significantly reduces the attractiveness of illegal migration; the ability of criminals to traffic drugs into the US; and promotes economic development and long-term stability to a troubled neighbor.

Existing and 1200 newly recruited Haitian National Police will continue to be vetted and trained to democratic policing standards to form the corps of a credible, competent police force. Haitian police will be able to respond to reports of crime in a timely manner, conduct effective patrols, and conduct investigations, with crime reducing over time. Incidences of human rights abuses by police will decrease.

International Civilian Police (CIVPOL) will continue to be deployed to Haiti under the auspices of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), helping to maintain law and order, and training, vetting, restructuring, and monitoring the Haitian National Police.

UN International Civilian Police continue to monitor, advise and train the HNP. As citizens begin to have confidence in the police as an institution, reporting of crime will increase. The Inspector General function will be revitalized and corruption within the HNP will be investigated. Insecurity on the street will be reduced, as measured by a return to normal business and reduction of daily gunfire.

Correctional training experts and upgrades to correctional infrastructure and living conditions will improve treatment of detainees and prisoners and ameliorate living conditions, focusing on basic sanitation and overcrowding.

Fewer instances of prison violence will be reported. Women and juveniles will not be housed with adult males. Sanitary conditions insides certain prisons and detention centers will be improved.

Haitian National Police counter drug unit investigates and makes arrests of drug traffickers in cases that lead to prosecutions.

Drug seizures and drug trafficking arrests should increase. The flow of drugs through Haiti should decline.

FIU investigations lead to prosecutions, convictions and asset seizures of money launderers and corrupt individuals, government officials.

The number and the value of assets seized will increase.

Program Justification

Police and prison system reform, coupled with an overhaul of the Haitian judicial system, are crucial to building democracy and stability in Haiti. Plagued by poor and corrupt governance and mismanagement, Haiti's police and prison system have fallen into serious disrepair, politicization, and incompetence. With the departure of Aristide, and the establishment of the Interim Government (IGOH), Haiti has the opportunity to begin to reverse course and start rebuilding toward a stable and peaceful democratic future. Criminal activity helped finance the former regime, and continues to squelch normal life in Port au Prince, which is plagued by gang activity, gunfire and political violence. Instability and corruption have also allowed drug smuggling to continue, with the potential for those connections to expand to persons as well.

Strengthening Haiti's law enforcement capacity is a key US priority. INL wants to ensure civil order and reduce armed gangs' ability to threaten Haiti's fragile peace by fomenting violence and partaking in drugs and arms smuggling. Since 1994 when the US first began to train new Haitian police, little was done to continue their professional development, train new officers or weed out bad ones. In fact, political cronyism was practiced, reducing morale in the ranks. Therefore, the HNP has little real capacity to investigate or respond to crimes, patrol, keep public order in Port au Prince slums, or even communicate with one another - basic prerequisite for enforcing the law. Enhancing the ability of law enforcement to deal with these and other public security challenges is therefore a priority.

It is estimated that a minimum of 8 metric tons of cocaine from South America transits Haiti on its way to U.S. markets. Cocaine arrives in Haiti by go-fast boats, other vessels and by small aircraft. It is then shipped onward by sea in vessels or containers or by land through the Dominican Republic. The drug trade in Haiti undermines the rule of law by fostering corruption and fomenting armed violence perpetrated by criminal gangs and political opposition groups.

Stability in Haiti will contribute to its economic growth, enhancing security in the region and diminishing the attractiveness of illegal migration to the U.S. To help achieve this, INL will continue to support peacekeeping operations, including the provision of US police to the civilian police component of MINUSTAH. Now that MINUSTAH is close to its authorized strength, key next steps are the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups, and the restructuring and training of the HNP.

Haiti is hampered in its ability to implement police and corrections reform due to a tremendous lack of resources, and to some extent, lack of expertise. INL programs will continue to support functioning institutions, police development and reform, and anti-corruption measures.

Program Accomplishments

In coordination with the MINUSTAH mission, the Interim Government of Haiti, and other donors, INL has identified four areas for programmatic attention: crime control, which includes establishing basic police operations, training and equipment; police accountability and reform; corrections assistance, and counternarcotics. These are being addressed on a bilateral and multilateral basis.

To become a credible and competent police force, the HNP requires extensive training, vetting, professionalization and accountability. The US has been forward leaning in assisting the HNP train the first 400 academy graduates, and will be instrumental in the training of at least 1200 more vetted recruits in the coming year. The US has also been providing critical operational advice to the HNP in areas such as command and control, and appropriate non-lethal means of responding to crisis situations.

The US is also greatly enhancing the operational capacity of the HNP, with the provision of communication links between Port au Prince and the provinces at the most critical police stations, along with mobility for officers to patrol and respond to crisis situations. The US is joining other donors in supporting the model police station concept laid out by the UN, which involves rehabilitating a police station, while the officers in that station are vetted and trained by the UN.

Twenty-five US civilian police have deployed to the MINUSTAH mission, joining police from 32 other nations. These officers are deployed in direct contact with the HNP on a daily basis and are responsible for training, including field training, forensics, mentoring and restructuring the HNP, which includes vetting. CIVPOL are critical to all areas of police assistance, as their mission spans the gamut of tasks.

Haiti has a dilapidated prison infrastructure which is overcrowded, has poor sanitation and few-to-no services, and is plagued by poor processes, little training for prison personnel and a large number of pre-trial detainees held in the system. These problems are compounded by the fact that many detention centers around the country were damaged during the anti-Aristide activity and all of the existing prisoners released. The US is helping to alleviate the worst of the conditions through basic upgrades and improved sanitation, and by training prison personnel on management and correct practices.

The IGOH, despite having inherited a police force in a state of virtual collapse, has achieved limited success in the counternarcotics area, moving expeditiously to arrest and expel a dozen Haitian traffickers under indictment in the U.S., and cooperating closely with a USG interagency task force investigating the drug trafficking activities of the Aristide regime. The IGOH took action against money laundering and corruption with the reactivation of the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU) that had been established in the waning months of the Aristide regime. The FIU has launched 183 separate investigations and seized $3 million in trafficker assets.

FY 2006 Program

The FY 2006 program is divided in three general categories, police programs making up crime control assistance, corrections program (criminal justice assistance) and counterdrug programs. These programs began in 2004 and are proceeding in cooperation with the Haitian Government, MINUSTAH, and other donors.

Crime Control Assistance

Civilian Police: The US will contribute up to 35 US police officers to the MINUSTAH stabilization mission. US officers will continue providing expertise in the areas of academy training, field training, patrols, community policing, investigations, traffic, crime analysis, forensics, police management, supervisory skills, police administration, and other specialized skills. US CIVPOL officers will continue to monitor the HNP police to discourage and report human rights violations. They will also continue to co-locate with Haitian officers in their stations and engage in joint patrols, to increase public confidence in the police.

Training and Equipment: Estimates range from 8,000-12,000 HNP who are needed and sustainable for Haiti. The US will continue to assist with the training of at least 1200 new recruits, and in-service training for 1500 existing HNP officers. Coupled with that training will be the provision of appropriate equipment, communications and mobility. All assistance will be non-lethal.

Crime Control/Forensics: The ability to respond to and solve crimes is a critical capacity that must be developed within the HNP. The US will continue to assist in forensic training, will assist the HNP to develop capacities for crime analysis, and will help the HNP reach out to communities so police resources are best targeted. The US will also help the HNP to be able to respond to civil disturbances in a manner that takes advantage of non-lethal police tactics.

Police Accountability and Reform: The HNP is an institution that has been corrupted. Key to reform of the organization will be the involvement of communities, internal police investigations, command and control over the police force, and adherence to policies and procedures. This program will expand in FY 2006, to include direct assistance to internal investigators, review and training on policies and procedures, training for managers in rooting out corruption.

Criminal Justice

Corrections Assistance: Funds will be used to continue training of corrections officers, equipment to improve the functioning of prisons and the ability to track prison and detainee populations, and ameliorate conditions within the detention and prison system.

Counternarcotics

Special Counterdrug Unit: Funding will support the operations of a vetted unit of Haitian police officers, established by DEA, with special authority to conduct drug investigations. Funding to create an intelligence collection and analysis center within the HNP will also be provided.

Haitian Coast Guard: In partnership with the U.S. Coast Guard, funding will continue the ongoing effort aimed at restoring the logistical and maintenance capacity of the HCG. As vessels and operational bases are refurbished, funding will be directed toward equipping and training the HCG for maritime drug interdiction operations.

Financial Investigative Unit: Funding will provide technical assistance and financial investigation mentors to support ongoing anti-money laundering and anti-corruption activities.

Program Development and Support (PD&S): PD&S funds are used for the salaries, benefits, allowances, and travel of direct hire and contract U.S. and foreign national personnel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs and other general administrative and operating expenses for counternarcotics and anticrime program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Haiti
INL Budget
($000)
  

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Civilian Police Program - - - - 5,500
Police Development and Reform
               Training and Equipment - - - - 1,500
Police Accountability and Reform - - - - 3,000
Crime Prevention/Forensics - - - - 2,000
Sub-Total   6,500
Criminal Justice Development
Corrections 1,000
Sub-Total 1,000
Counterdrug Support
Marine Interdiction - - - - 700
Anti-Money Laundering - - - - 250
DEA Vetted Unit - - - - 375
Sub-Total - - - - 1,325
Program Development and Support
U.S. Personnel - - - - 490
Non-U.S. Personnel - - - - 45
ICASS Costs - - - - 130
Program Support - - - - 10
Sub-Total - - - - 675
Total - - - - 15,000

Jamaica

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

1,500

1,488

1,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

The ability of the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) to take decisive action to disrupt and deter drug trafficking and other transnational criminal activities will be strengthened through the development of strong, effective, corruption-free law enforcement institutions.

The GOJ's capacity to detect drugs, precursor chemicals and other contraband transiting Jamaica will be improved, resulting in increased seizures and arrests.

The GOJ will investigate, arrest and prosecute public officials for corruption.

Improved law enforcement operations will result in decreased marijuana eradication and increased marijuana seizures.

The number of successful maritime interdictions of vessels transporting drugs will be increased.

The Jamaican government's capacity to identify, investigate, and arrest major drug traffickers and dismantle transnational drug trafficking organizations operating in Jamaica will be improved.

The GOJ will improve its capability to collect, analyze and disseminate intelligence for effective coordinated law enforcement action.

Continued adoption of modern law enforcement investigative tools will enable Jamaican law enforcement to conduct sophisticated investigations, resulting in significant arrests of major drug traffickers and members of their organizations.

Criminal justice in Jamaica will be strengthened and reformed, thereby improving the capacity for investigating and prosecuting drug traffickers and other criminals.

The passage of modern anti-crime legislation, including an effective asset forfeiture law, will enable the GOJ to arrest and successfully prosecute major drug traffickers and other transnational criminals and seize the proceeds of their criminal activities.

The GOJ will respond more quickly to U.S. requests under the bilateral extradition and mutual legal assistance treaties.

Continued support for GOJ and NGO demand reduction efforts will reduce domestic consumption.

Program Justification

Jamaica's 638 miles of coastline and 110 unmonitored airstrips severely limit the GOJ's ability to control access of drug traffickers and other criminal organizations. Jamaica is a major transshipment point for South American cocaine and the largest marijuana producer and exporter in the Caribbean. Traffickers use Jamaica's offshore waters, ports and airstrips to move drugs to the U.S. Jamaican ports are vulnerable to the illegal diversion of precursor chemicals used in the production of illicit drugs. Corruption continues to undermine law enforcement and judicial efforts against drug-related crime in Jamaica. While Jamaica is not considered a significant regional financial center, tax haven, or offshore banking center, given the level of corruption, the U.S. is concerned about the increase in money laundering in the Caribbean.

The Jamaican government is publicly committed to combating all illegal drug-related criminal activity. However, because it operates under severe resource constraints, with over sixty percent of its national budget going to debt servicing, the U.S. and other donor assistance is essential if the GOJ is going to develop and sustain counter-drug/crime capability.

U.S. counternarcotics assistance seeks, through the provision of equipment, technical assistance and training, to help the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF), the Jamaica Defense Force (JDF), Jamaica Customs, and other GOJ agencies reduce and ultimately eliminate the flow of illegal drugs from Jamaica to the United States; to enhance Jamaica's ability to disrupt and dismantle those international criminal organizations; and to identify, target and eliminate those threats that pose the greatest danger to US national security interest.The program also provides assistance to strengthen the GOJ's ability to counter public corruption, increase seizures of precursor chemicals, help facilitate the extradition of traffickers to the U.S., as well as provide limited funding for drug awareness and demand reduction programs in Jamaica.

Program Accomplishments

Although the financial resources are limited, the GOJ continues to support existing counternarcotics and law enforcement programs and is making significant progress in several areas. During 2004, collaborative efforts between Jamaican and international law enforcement agencies led to the arrest of several major drug traffickers in Jamaica, the U.S., The Bahamas, and Colombia and the dismantling of their organizations. Ten arrests were made in Jamaica, including two traffickers designated as kingpins by the U.S. President. There is increased cooperation between the Narcotics Division of the Jamaica Constabulary Force and the Jamaica Defense Force. The JDF/Coast Guard works and trains with the USG's Joint Inter-Agency Task Force and despite resource constraints, the GOJ has consistently pursued a marijuana eradication program. Albeit with limitations, the GOJ law enforcement agencies have developed a closer professional working relationship in an effort to disrupt narcotics and criminal activities.

The combined efforts of the JDF and the JCF destroyed approximately 360 hectares of marijuana, less than the same period last year. In 2004, 4,280,169 seedlings and 322 nurseries were destroyed, an increase over the same period last year. The Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) received training from U.S. Customs and continues to play an integral part in keeping the ports free from contraband and illegal trafficking of goods. A U.S. Law Enforcement Development Advisor is working directly with the Commissioner of the JCF on the reorganization of the force and improvement of skills and the public image of the JCF and Jamaica. The National Intelligence Bureau (NIB), despite support from the USG, has yet to realize its full potential. The NIB continues to be a work in progress and it is hoped that it will find new energy and direction next year. The Jamaican Fugitive Apprehension Team (JFAT), working with the U.S. Marshall Service, arrested 13 fugitives and assisted the German and Canadian Governments with two additional arrests. These individuals either have been extradited or are currently pending extradition.

The GOJ has drafted several legislative measures such as the Proceeds of Crime Bill that will strengthen its ability to deprive criminals the benefits of illicit activities. A Plea Bargaining Bill should be presented to Parliament by the end of the year, a Terrorism Prevention Bill has already been tabled and referred to a Joint Select Committee of Parliament and should be deliberated by the House soon, and a Port Security Bill has been drafted for presentation to Parliament.

In October 2004, the GOJ launched "Operation Kingfish" the umbrella operation for a number of discrete yet interrelated operations disguised to attack the core of drug trafficking, criminal organizations and traffickers. A joint Task Force comprising of the JCF/JDF and other supporting agencies has been set up to lead this effort with U.S. and British support. Operation Kingfish, combined with the earlier arrests of major traffickers, reduced the flow of cocaine through the Jamaica-Cuba-Bahamas vector. NAS assistance in the form of training and equipment has enabled several of the participating agencies to fully contribute to this joint effort resulting in the seizure of 1.2 metric tons of cocaine and the confiscation of 28 go-fast boats suspected of being used for drug trafficking.

A Border Management Entry/Exit Control System Project, funded by the INL Crime Office and implemented by IOM, became fully operational on November 1, 2004. The system gives the GOJ for the first time, the ability to record the movements of all persons traveling to and from the island.

FY 2006 Program

Every aspect of the counternarcotics program is focused on Jamaican implementation of the 1988 UN Convention Against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. The program provides resources to enable the GOJ to counter public corruption in compliance with the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption. To this end, the requested funding level for FY 2006 will permit the GOJ to undertake an integrated set of counter-drug, anti-money laundering and anti-corruption efforts:

Narcotics Law Enforcement: These projects are constructed to strengthen the GOJ's capability to identify, investigate and prosecute drug traffickers, money launderers and other international criminals and dismantle their criminal organizations; apprehend fugitives from justice; detect diversion of essential and precursor chemicals; eradicate marijuana cultivation; and counter public corruption. Requested funding will be used to support fugitive apprehension, intelligence gathering, analysis and dissemination, tracing of illegal firearms, anti-corruption programs, police modernization, financial crimes, counternarcotics sub-projects with limited equipment, training, operational support and replacement vehicles for the JCF's special vetted unit, JFAT, Narcotics Division and NIB.

Border Control and Port Security: The project is designed to improve the GOJ's capability to disrupt the movement of drugs and other contraband via commercial cargo and conveyances at airports, seaports and free trade zones. Requested funding will be used to train and equip new CET personnel, purchase an additional vehicle to transport members of the expanded CET between duty stations at the airports and seaports, and support a multi-agency Airport Interdiction Task Force. Limited maintenance support for the newly installed border security system will also be provided.

Maritime Interdiction: This project supports the U.S.-Jamaica maritime counternarcotics cooperation agreement by strengthening the GOJ's ability to successfully interdict vessels transporting drugs. In the past, the USG provided two 82-foot cutters and refurbished several boats for the JDFCG. As these boats lack the speed necessary to counter the threat of go-fast vessels transporting drugs, the U.S., as noted, has provided three go-fast interceptor boats to the JDFCG. Requested funding will be used for the retrofitting of two SeaArks currently in JDFCG's inventory, training and equipment to establish a vessel maintenance program, and continued support for GOJ efforts to establish forward positioning sites that will enable the rapid deployment of boats for maritime drug interdiction operations.

Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction: The NAS program provides very modest financial assistance for demand reduction activities, the majority of which are also supported by the GOJ, NGOs, and other donors. The requested funding for this project will provide continuing support for existing demand reduction programs in the area of awareness and preventions in schools as well as inner city youth projects implemented by NGOs.

Program Development and Support (PD&S): PD&S funds cover the cost of salaries, benefits, and allowances of U.S. and foreign national direct hire personnel, field travel, International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs, and other general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

Jamaica
INL Budget

($000)
   

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Narcotics Law Enforcement 200 - 200 - 200
Border Control and Port Security 200 - 220 - 75
Maritime Interdiction 680 - 650 - 315
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction 35 - 35 - 30
Program Development and Support
U.S. Personnel 158 - 158 - 158
Non-U.S. Personnel 28 - 28 - 30
ICASS Costs 102 - 102 - 107
Program Support 97 - 95 - 85
Sub-Total 385 - 383 - 380
Total 1,500 - 1,488 - 1,000

Mexico

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

37,000

39,680

30,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

BORDER AND PORT SECURITY

Enhance Mexico's ability to control its borders and ports of entry to detect, stop or deter the trafficking of persons, drugs, precursor chemicals, explosives, weapons, illicit funds and other contraband to or from the United States while promoting the faster and easier flow of legal visitors, goods, and services.

Continue five-year plan to provide high-tech screening equipment and training to the principal land crossing points at the Mexican/U.S. border designed to significantly enhance ability to thoroughly and effectively inspect traffic entering and departing the U.S. to increase the detection of seizure of contraband, deter trans-border crime, while reducing delays of legitimate border-crossing. FY 2006 funds will be used to procure up to three additional units of non-intrusive inspection equipment (NIIE) and construct up to two additional SENTRI (Secure Electronic Network for Travelers' Rapid Inspection) Lanes for the U.S./Mexico land border crossing points. At each NIIE installation, the additional inspection capability should increase detection and seizures of contraband by 10% while reducing waiting times for border crossings 10%. For each new SENTRI installation, the overall traffic through regular inspection should be reduced by 10% (with a much higher impact during peak hours) with a 20% improvement in peak hours.

Complete four-year plan to implement the Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS), used to compare names from airline manifests against data bases at principal international airports to detect criminal or possible terrorist suspects (primarily focusing on counter-drug and counter-terrorism). FY 2006 funds will complete a project begun in FY 2004 to provide inter-operability between APIS with other Mexican intelligence, criminal, and immigration data systems. These funds will also expand distribution of APIS data to other law enforcement entities to enable them to use such information as well as provision of important biometric tools to verify identities of arriving or departing travelers. The final implementation of this program will result in all air passenger manifests being automatically checked against multiple criminal, terrorism, and law enforcement data banks in both the U.S. and Mexico from flights going to the U.S. and those terminating in Mexico but with US-bound connects to provide effective security screening against potentially dangerous passengers prior to their arrival at U.S. airports. This will also create a significant deterrence to using commercial air flights as a means of illegal entry into the U.S.

Continue to strengthen Mexican capabilities to control its southern border against the trafficking of drugs, precursor chemical, arms, illicit funds, people, and other contraband by intercepting illicit activities heading for the U.S. border earlier. FY 2006 funding will procure three NIIEs for use in the southern border and will support the creation and use of mobile interdiction task forces to be fielded in central and southern Mexico. Programs will also provide basic infrastructure improvements (computer equipment, building improvement, field gear, etc.) to enhance efficiency at Mexico's four principal southern land crossings. These new resources will increase southern detection and seizure of contraband by 10% and provide additional deterrence against using southern Mexican land routes for criminal activity.

Continue to enhance security against illegal activity (particularly drug trafficking and terrorist movements) at principal Mexican maritime and airports. Funding will include training, development of security infrastructure, and promoting private sector support of maritime ports and airport security and commercial traffic screening in order to increase by 10% the detection and seizure of illegal traffic.

INTERDICTION

Expand Mexico's operational capabilities and mission coverage to attack the production and transport of drugs, precursor chemicals, illicit funds and other trafficked items going to or coming from the United States.

Continue direct support to counternarcotics-related law enforcement activities, including training, logistical support, and equipment to broaden the area of counter-drug coverage, increase the interdiction of illegal substances, and maximize the disruption of illegal trafficking. These investments should result in at least a 10% increase in: the volume of seized drugs and precursor chemicals; the number of drug production facilities discovered and destroyed; the value of seized assets; and the level of drug-related arrests.

Contribute to a multi-year recapitalization of the Attorney General's Air Services Section to address the critical need for expanded air support (see Organized Crime and Counternarcotics Enforcement program). This will include refurbishing up to four UH-1H transport helicopters and procuring of up to four Schweizer reconnaissance helicopters. This recapitalization will be reflected in the improvement of programs noted above.

Increase bilateral cooperation to target transnational organized crime groups and their illegal activities with a focus on dismantling organizations, disrupting the production and flow of illegal goods and funds, and capturing and prosecuting traffickers and criminal leaders.

Provide continuing direct support of specialized law enforcement units (analytical, investigative, enforcement, and prosecutorial) to improve capacity to identify, track, stop, and ultimately deter illegal activity, and to dismantle criminal organization/arrest leaders. This program will contribute to the 10% increase in overall counter-drug and law enforcement activity noted above.

ERADICATION

Promote and support the expansion and improvement of Mexico's program to identify, quantify, and destroy the cultivation of opium poppy and marijuana.

Provide operational and technical support to assist Mexico in expanding its efforts to more effectively detect and evaluate illicit drug crop cultivation, eradicate an increased percentage of these crops in the field, and improve the management and use of limited resources. This support should result in the overall 10% increase in the eradication of both opium poppy and marijuana cultivation. Funds will also support continuing scientific evaluation of illegal drug crop cultivation and yields, manufacturing systems and production costs, and marketing mechanisms to enhance both countries' understanding of the sector with the hope of discovering additional vulnerabilities to attack.

Contribute to a multi-year recapitalization of the Attorney General's Air Services Section to address the critical need for expanded air support (see Organized Crime and Counternarcotics Enforcement program).

INSTITUTION BUILDING

Advance law enforcement sector modernization, professionalization, and reform to improve capacity, efficiency and effectiveness.

Institutionalize advances made through bilateral programs, especially in the offices of the Mexican Attorney General (PGR). This will cap off a five-year anti-corruption and institutionalization initiative that is helping reform and reinvent the PGR's principal law enforcement agencies: the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI - counterpart to the U.S. FBI and DEA); the National Center for Analysis, Planning and Intelligence (CENAPI) which gathers, coordinates and analyzes intelligence on organized crime); and the Deputy Attorney General for Organized Crime Office (SIEDO - to coordinate federal efforts and enhance prosecution efforts).

Continue the third year of the four-year aircraft initiative to provide refurbished and new helicopters that will allow an expansion of law enforcement coverage and increase of its efficiency (in both eradication and interdiction programs).

Support the second year of the initiative begun in FY 2005 to upgrade law enforcement training infrastructure through modernizing curriculum and enhance the quality and availability of professional training to federal police entities. The program focus will shift significantly from providing direct training (as was done prior to FY 2005) to improving and expanding existing Mexican training infrastructure to improve the GOM's permanent ability to train its own personnel. Funding will be dedicated to improving the physical infrastructure of federal law enforcement training academies, evaluating and refining the curriculum of courses, and providing intensified "train-the-trainer" instruction for the teaching cadre. The goals are to help Mexico create self-sustaining capacity to offer better training to federal, state and municipal law enforcement personnel, with emphasis on basic criminal investigations, interviewing techniques, and preservation of crime scene and collection of evidence. In addition, our assistance will promote mixing federal, state, and local police officers in all training provided by the GOM in order to offer more training opportunities at the state and local levels and enhance cooperation among and different offices and jurisdictions.

SOCIAL SECTOR SUPPORT

Encourage public and community mobilizations against drugs and for a society based on law.

Increase support to demand reduction programs aimed at educating the populace to the dangers of drug trafficking, combating the domestic abuse of substances and promoting a culture of lawfulness. FY 2006 will fund the continued expansion of the "culture of lawfulness" program (designed to orient secondary school children towards a society based on positive values and enforcing/obeying laws) throughout the country and will complete the U.S.-support, weaning program towards full self-sufficiency. INL will continue low-level but critical assistance to small NGO programs that combat gangs and drug abuse.

Program Justification

President Fox recognizes that trafficking and international criminal activities represent a clear and serious threat to U.S. and Mexican citizens, economies, and governments. Building on the unprecedented atmosphere of cooperation and support of the previous five years by the Fox administration, INL has invested INCLE funds to implement an ambitious array of new initiatives and to enhance existing bilateral programs aimed at improving Mexican law enforcement institutions and strengthening bilateral cooperation and coordination.

Although there has been significant and growing progress in a large number of law enforcement areas, there are still major challenges facing Mexico. Mexico remains one of the suppliers of illicit drugs to the U.S. market; it is both a major producer of heroin, marijuana, and synthetics and a key transshipping country for Andean-produced cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, and the base of international crime organizations with extensive networks throughout the U.S. The over 2,000 miles of common border and scores of seaports and airports that directly provide exit ports for travelers and commercial traffic to the U.S. make Mexico one of the largest potential gateways for drugs, terrorism and other criminal activity that directly threaten U.S. security and well-being.

CY 2006 will be the final of the six-year term of President Fox, and the last year of this unique window of opportunity for bilateral law enforcement programs. A robust FY 2006 budget becomes critical to: maintain support of ongoing programs important to U.S. interests (e.g., interdiction, eradication, dismantling organized crime); conclude projects begun earlier in the Fox administration (border control); institutionalize the progress (especially PGR and criminal justice sector reforms and professionalization efforts) achieved in the last five years to ensure their permanency in the Mexican law enforcement system and continue the high tempo of activity in counterdrug, counter-crime, and counter-terrorism operations.

A fully funded FY 2006 budget will also allow bilateral programs to take on new program initiatives and policy challenges important to both countries. These include broadening support and training to other major Mexican law enforcement offices (including Mexican customs, emigration, state/municipal police); a priority focus on hardening counterdrug and counter-terrorism controls at the geographic chokepoint in southern Mexico; and promotion of sub-regional and hemispheric cooperation.

Program Accomplishments

INL programs have built and invested in improving Mexican law enforcement capacity, capability, coverage and efficiency during the initial five years of the Fox Administration, taking full advantage of unprecedented support, coordination, and cooperation from the Mexican government and its principal law enforcement bodies. As a direct result, there have been major advances across the broad spectrum of bilateral law enforcement immediate and long-term goals that have helped improved the homeland security of the U.S. and aided in the global fight against international criminal activity.

Since 2002, a major part of the INL bilateral program in Mexico has been directed towards enhancing Mexico's ability to secure its land, water, and air border with the U.S. As a result, Mexico has made serious advances in improving the physical inspection infrastructure and personnel at its largest crossing points along the joint border with the U.S. (including 20 state-of-the-art NIIEs that have aided in detecting and seizing millions of dollars of contraband and bulk cash in their first year of operations), tightened security for passengers and goods exiting its principal sea and airports (including APIS coverage for all 16 Mexican international airports with flights to the U.S. that identified several fugitives and suspicious travelers in the first year of operations) towards the U.S., and begun a initiative to detect and deter illegal traffic entering through its southern border (eventually heading for the U.S.).

Affecting the immediate problem of international crime, Mexico has destroyed thousands of hectares of illicit drug crops (opium poppy and marijuana), seized and destroyed tons of drugs (heroin, cocaine, methamphetamines, synthetics, and marijuana) destined for U.S. markets, arrested and prosecuted record numbers of criminal kingpins and their principal lieutenants, intercepted millions of dollars of criminal proceeds, and handed over record number of criminals to U.S. authorities. On longer-range efforts, Mexico and the U.S. have worked to begin fundamental reform of the Attorney General's office, the principal federal law enforcement agency, by reinventing and modernizing its principal investigative (AFI - Federal Investigative Agency), intelligence (CENAPI - Counternarcotics and Anti-Crime Intelligence Center) and prosecutorial (SIEDO - Deputy Attorney General's Office on Organized Crime) offices.

FY 2006 Program

USG programmatic bilateral support for counternarcotics and law enforcement is carefully balanced between the immediate goal of directly attacking existing cross-border criminal activity and the longer-term goal of enhancing Mexico's law enforcement institutions and permanent ability to attack and deter crime affecting USG interests.

Border and Port Security

This funding will build on and expand the infrastructure improvements made possible by the 2002 Emergency Supplemental and the FY 2004 and 2005 INCLE budgets to strengthen Mexican border security and promote the efficient flow of legal goods, persons, and services. FY 2006 funds will focus on finalizing the U.S./Mexico border and international air and seaports efforts as we continue assistance to secure Mexico's southern border from a steady flow of drugs, arms, undocumented aliens and other clandestine movements.

Border Support Infrastructure: Funding will be used to provide Mexican law enforcement, security and intelligence services with state-of-the-art equipment to increase their capacities to secure Mexico's borders, investigate criminal activities and prevent terrorist breaches. This support will emphasize improving mobility (air and land vehicles) to expand operational coverage and decrease reaction-time, providing full and secure communications to enhance efficiency and command/control, and supply advanced electronics (night vision devices, surveillance items, computer technology) to expand law enforcement capabilities and capacity.

Enhanced Inspection: Funding will be used to procure and install up to three additional Non-Intrusive Inspection Equipment (NIIE) units to: (1) improve capabilities at two additional northern ports of entry, (2) enhance coverage at sea ports and commercial air cargo facilities, (3) establish interior transportation choke points (mobile units) and (4) establish screening capacity at up to two key southern ports of entry. These enhancements should increase interceptions of drugs, cash, weapons and undocumented persons.

Enhanced Traffic Flow: Funds will assist Mexico to construct one or two additional SENTRI lanes to better document, monitor and efficiently control the flow of legitimate commercial cargo, private vehicles, and pedestrians across our common border. Using SENTRI lanes expedites legal transit allowing law enforcement to focus more inspection resources on travelers with suspicious or unknown backgrounds. Public information efforts will promote enrollment of Mexican businesses and frequent travelers in the SENTRI program.

Mobile Interdiction Team: Funding will be used to procure up to three additional mobile vans and finalize a three-year project to establish, train, equip, and deploy specialized mobile interdiction teams to assist Mexican agencies to improve their ability to control the flow of people, vehicles and goods entering Mexico from the south - a natural chokepoint for smuggling routes from Central and South America.

National Criminal Data Base: Funding will help develop a multi-year project to establish and operate an inter-active national data bank of criminal archives, investigation, prosecution, and general information. This project will provide a computer platform to interlink the major federal and state law enforcement and judicial agencies and will be an investigative, prosecutorial, and archiving tool.

Strengthening Mexico's Southern Border Strategy: Strengthening Mexico's southern border will play a significant role in our efforts to interdict clandestine movements of illegal drugs, arms, cash, other contraband and undocumented aliens from Central and South America, through Mexico, en route to the United States. Our strategy will consist of coordinating elements of the projects described above, such as NIIE units and Mobile Interdiction Teams, to create a cohesive program in Mexico's southern border. Additionally, following up on previous-year NAS training in Mexico's northern border, this effort will include a southern border-training component that will train and equip Mexican customs, immigration, and police officials in border-related courses such as search and rescue, navigation, and medical first response.

Counternarcotics/Criminal Justice Sector Institution Building

Institution Building: Strengthening the institutions within the criminal justice sector is central to the government's ability to combat organized crime - including international drug cartels and terrorist organizations - and to cooperate effectively with U.S. and other international partners. FY 2006 will complete a four-year intensive effort to reform, professionalize and modernize the principal federal law enforcement bodies of the Mexican Attorney General's Office - an investment that saw the creation of the Federal Investigations Agency (AFI - counterpart to the U.S. FBI and DEA and the principal investigative agency), the anti-crime intelligence center (CENAPI - an expansion of the role of the earlier drug intelligence center to all major crimes), and special prosecutors office for organized crime (SIEDO). Funding will include the purchase of modern investigative equipment, secure communications, computers, analytical software, vehicles, and tactical training for federal law enforcement and prosecutorial entities.

Training and Professionalization: This parallels and integrates with institutional and infrastructure investment. Funding will support long-term projects to complete modernization and enhancement of the training infrastructure for federal law enforcement - including facilities, curriculum and teaching methods and provide ongoing training and technical support to fully integrate modern technology and equipment into federal law enforcement offices

Anti Corruption: The primary focus of funding will be to expand the highly successful Culture of Lawfulness project (an anti-crime initiative that mobilizes teenagers and communities to improve their system of government, fight corruption, and to resist the lure of youth gangs) throughout the country and to more grade levels. Funding will also support the continued growth and development of the anti-corruption initiatives involving the Secretariat of Public Service (SFP), responsible for detecting and deterring corruption, and the Office of the Deputy Attorney General for Organized Crime (SIEDO), responsible for prosecuting criminal acts. Funding will support efforts of the PGR's Center for Human Development (formerly known as the Center for Confidence Control) to expand its ability to investigate, combat and deter corruption and misconduct, including through regular testing of all PGR personnel. Support will include training in anti-corruption investigation techniques, information management, computers, use of polygraph equipment (maintenance and operation), and development of software to enhance the quality of periodic examinations.

Organized Crime and Counternarcotics Enforcement

Interdiction and Eradication: This will be the third year of special emphasis on increasing Mexico's operational abilities to stop drugs from getting to U.S. markets. Funding will be used to enhance and broaden both interdiction and eradication efforts through direct operational support. Emphasis will be on the continued increase of aerial eradication with the objective of significantly reducing the cultivation of opium poppy and marijuana crops - stopping drugs before they are produced. Funding will also support broadening the coverage and increasing the effectiveness of interdiction missions (especially in the northern region bordering on the U.S.) to seize and destroy more drugs being smuggled from or through Mexican territory.

Aviation Support: Aviation plays a key role in air and overland interdiction - detection, monitoring, tracking, interception - and a supporting role in maritime interdiction. The Office of the Mexican Attorney General (PGR) operates a large air fleet that includes fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft for tracking and interception as well as for aerial eradication. FY 2006 funds represent the third year of a four-year investment to refurbish up to 29 UH-1H transport helicopters, the workhorse of the interdiction air fleet, and purchase up to 28 Schweizer light-turbine surveillance helicopters. Funding will also provide training for pilots, mechanics, sensor operators, and analysts, support an interagency interdiction Command/Control Center, repair sensors on the PGR's tracker aircraft, continue support for the other Mexican government law enforcement air support programs. The increase in mobility and air readiness will support increased interdiction missions and a broader law enforcement area of operations. It will directly enable the aerial eradication program to maintain its escalating tempo to destroy an increasing percentage of illicit drug crops before they are processed and smuggled to U.S. markets.

Demand Reduction/Drug Awareness

Mexican non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play important roles in drug abuse prevention and education. Under this project, we will support activities of the Mexican Government and NGOs to reduce demand for drugs and to enhance their collaboration, including Binational Demand Reduction Conferences, collection and development of better epidemiological data on drug abuse in Mexico, initiatives to bolster prevention programs through educational efforts in the schools and the workplace, and rehabilitation. Funding under this project will also support public information campaigns and outreach programs as well as development of curricula for drug abuse and crime prevention programs. We will devote much of the funding under this project to support projects in the northern border areas, where rates of drug abuse have reached three times the national average. Derivative criminal activity stemming from drug abuse affects U.S. border communities.

Program Development and Support

Budget is dedicated to salaries, benefits, allowances and travel of direct hire and contract U.S. and foreign national personnel, residential leasing, ICASS funding and other administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementations, monitoring and evaluation.

Mexico  
INL Budget
($000)

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Homeland Security/Border Control 15,000 - 14,880 - 10,750
Narcotics and Crime Law Enforcement
Institutional Support
Office of the Attorney General 1,500 - 1,488 - 1,000
Professionalization and Training 2,500 - 2,480 - 2,000
Anti-Corruption 500 - 496 - 450
Equipment and Infrastructure 1,000 - 992 - 750
Anti-Money Laundering 500 - 992 - 450
Sub-Total 6,000 - 6,448 - 4,650
Counternarcotics/Organized Crime
Support 1,000 - 992 - 750
Drug Interdiction & Crop Eradication
Support 3,278 - 5,126 - 3,500
Aviation Support 10,017 - 10,250 - 8,500
Sub-Total 14,295 - 16,368 - 12,750
Sub-Operational Support 20,295 - 22,816 - 17,400
Drug Awareness/Demand Reduction/
Community Outreach 250 - 248 - 200
Program Development and Support
U.S. Personnel 358 - 452 - 455
Non-U.S. Personnel 190 - 257 - 260
ICASS Costs 324 - 438 - 435
Program Support 583 - 589 - 500
Sub-Total 1,455 - 1,736 - 1,650
Total 37,000 - 39,680 - 30,000

Latin America Regional

Budget Summary ($000)

FY 2004 Actual

FY 2005 Estimate

FY 2006 Request

4,850

3,224

2,000

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators

Selected law enforcement agencies have an enhanced ability to investigate, prosecute, seize and forfeit assets, interdict drug and chemical shipments and control money laundering.

The number of arrests and successful prosecutions of drug traffickers and money launderers will increase significantly, as will the number of drug seizures, the amount and value of drugs and assets seized, and the number of smuggling attempts deterred.

Selected criminal justice institutions are better able to respond effectively to threats of drug trafficking, narcotics-related crime and corruption.

Effective statutes against narcotics trafficking, money laundering, and corruption will be adopted and implemented and the number of successful investigations and prosecutions will increase.

Bilateral and multilateral mutual legal assistance and extradition cooperation are expanded.

The response time for responding to MLAT requests will improve while the number of successful extraditions will increase.

As nations enter into cooperative agreements and receive training, materiel and support for combined operations, the number of successful drug interdictions will increase.

Hemispheric and sub-regional institutions that promote intergovernmental initiatives against drug abuse and drug-related crime are fortified.

Regional bodies will undertake new antidrug initiatives that will result in a decrease in the level of drug abuse registered.

Program Justification

The sixteen countries covered by the Latin America Regional Account are important drug transit countries for South American drugs headed to the U.S. Reduced resource levels will permit funding only of the most critical needs in countries where other funding sources are not available. Many of these transit zone countries have weak institutions and few resources to fight trafficker violence, corruption, and drug abuse. For these countries to become effective partners in our efforts to disrupt the drug trade, they desperately need assistance to strengthen their law enforcement institutions and their capacity to interdict drug shipments. They also have a strong need for drug abuse prevention/treatment programs to protect their societies from the corrupting influences of the narcotics trade.

Program Accomplishments

Cocaine seizures in the Transit Zone increased to record levels -157MTs - in 2003 and are expected to do so again in 2004. According to DIA's Interagency Assessment of Cocaine Movement, seizures in the Caribbean and Central American trafficking corridors also increased, although the performance of individual countries was uneven. According to the OAS/CICAD's most recent statistics, the number of persons arrested for drug related offenses in the Caribbean and Central America increased by 30% in 2002 over the previous year. In 2004, member states of the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force seized or confiscated assets valued at more than $45 million as a result of money laundering investigations.

By the end of 2004, member states of the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force (CFATF) had enacted anti-money laundering legislation and established Financial Investigative/Intelligence Units as mandated by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). In addition, FATF had removed the sole remaining country in the region on its list of non-cooperating countries and jurisdictions. The U.S./UK/EU-funded Caribbean Anti-Money Laundering Programme (CALP), which completed its five-year program in 2004, was a major factor in CFATF's ability to achieve compliance with FATF standards. CALP successfully developed sustainable institutional capacity in the region to address money laundering issues through its legal, financial and law enforcement training projects.

Inspection stations in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Honduras operating within the INL-funded Container Freight Tracking System, registered increases in drug seizures during 2004.

The U.S. in 2002 participated in successful negotiations co-chaired by Costa Rica, the Netherlands and CARICOM on The Caribbean Regional Maritime Counternarcotics Cooperation Agreement designed to foster multilateral cooperation and coordination in the carrying out of maritime law enforcement operations. Signed in 2003 by Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, the Netherlands, Nicaragua and the United States, the agreement will come into force upon ratification by five countries. Progress was made toward that goal when Belize ratified the agreement during 2004, joining the United States and Jamaica.

FY 2006 Program

Reduced funding levels will require the scaling back or elimination of country programs, projects within those programs, and of the personnel managing them.

Caribbean Country Assistance: The Caribbean accounts for an estimated 10-20 % of the drug flow to the U.S. Funding will concentrate on the maintenance of Caribbean capabilities in interdiction, law enforcement and administration of justice. Support will be provided to sustain and enhance the regional anti-money laundering capability developed by CALP for CFATF member states. SOUTHCOM's Joint Inter-Agency Task Force (JIATF-S) will coordinate the maritime and air interdiction detection operations of the Regional Security System (RSS) - a treaty-based organization consisting of the seven Eastern Caribbean islands - and Trinidad & Tobago C-26 programs.

Central America Country Assistance: An estimated 80-90 % of the drug flow to the U.S. transits the Central American land/sea corridor. Funding will target drug interdiction efforts and promote improved regional and cross-border cooperation aimed at stemming the flow of drugs. Assistance will include computer equipment to upgrade law enforcement, court, immigration, and anti-money laundering systems, maintenance and repair of vehicles and vessels, upgraded communications equipment and training. Ongoing regional anticorruption, anti-alien smuggling and commercial freight tracking initiatives will also be supported.

South America Country Assistance: Funding will be focused on Paraguay to complement INL Crime and S/CT projects in the Tri-Border area-targeting terrorist financing and intellectual property rights violations. INL is also supporting President Duarte's efforts against corruption, such as the establishment of an internal affairs unit in its Anti-Narcotics Secretariat, SENAD.

Regional Programs: In 2006, U.S. funding for the C-26 programs will cease and the RSS and Trinidad and Tobago will assume full responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the aircraft. Funding for the U.S. Coast Guard's Caribbean Support Tender that provides maritime training and maintenance support to countries in Central America and the Caribbean will also be terminated.

Program Development and Support (PD&S): PD&S funds will be used to pay salaries, allowances, and benefits of U.S. and foreign national direct hire employees and contract personnel working in Narcotics Affairs Sections or Offices in the region. In addition, funds pay for International Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) costs and other general administrative and operating expenses for program planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

       Latin America Regional
INL Budget
($000)
    

FY 2004 FY 2004
Supp
FY 2005 FY 2005
Supp
FY 2006
Caribbean Country Assistance 1,076 - 600 - 600
Central America Country Assistance 1,076 - 600 - 600
South America Country Assistance 567 - 300 - 300
Regional Programs 810 - 500 - -
Program Development and Support
US Personnel 500 - 500 - 300
Non-US Personnel 400 - 400 - 50
ICASS Costs 200 - 200 - 100
Program Support 221 - 124 - 50
Sub-Total 1,321 - 1,224 - 500
Total 4,850 - 3,224 - 2,000



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