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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Mexico and Central America


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
October 2002
Report
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BELIZE CITY

Procedures

Post uses both formal and informal monitoring procedures to insure that commodities and services provided for counternarcotics programs are properly maintained and used. Records of commodities provided to the Government of Belize (GOB) under a bilateral agreement are kept on file by the INL coordinator. The INL coordinator inspects the status, condition, and use of these items. In addition, members of post and TDY personnel involved in counternarcotics carry out informal monitoring during their frequent visits with various participating agencies. Embassy personnel stress to appropriate GOB officials that INL assistance must be for counternarcotics purposes. The officials will be held accountable for ensuring the proper care and use of INL donations.

Status

Vessels

Post donated one vessel to the Belize Defense Force (BDF) in CY-2000, which is still operational and maintained by the Anti-Drug Unit. It will be used in the March counter-narcotics project, Operation Allied Strength/Ocean Garden. The Anti-Drug unit of the police maintains a total of three boats, all of which have received NAS-funded upgrades and general maintenance work in order to keep them operational from. The Maritime Unit of the BDF has one boat, which was not provided with NAS funding. 

Vehicles

Vehicles purchased prior to 1993 are no longer operational and will be removed from the inventory. The two recently purchased Ford Ranger trucks are functional and in fine condition. One was assigned to the Canine Unit and one to the Violent Crimes Unit.


Canine Units

The BPD's canine unit, headquartered in Belmopan, has five dogs and five handlers. The canine branch of Customs, stationed at the International Airport, is in dire need of trainers and new dogs to replace their 9 and 10 year old dogs, one of which has a severe back problem. 

Communications Equipment

Radio tower and repair work and improvements were completed in CY-2001. The work completed makes them operational for communications during counter-narcotics operations. Post anticipates spending an additional $3,000 in March 2002 to have the remaining radios installed by a qualified technician. Communications in Belize have not been fully functional in the past. Post predicts an end to the constant repairs with this last round of maintenance and upgrades. 

JICC Equipment

The JICC headquarters was completed last year and is functioning as a central repository of information related to criminal investigations. The JICC's
systems administrator is attending a training course in Santo Domingo on a NAS-sponsored program to better operate the Guardian software package that is in use at the facility.

Impact

While the GOB takes seriously the need to combat narcotics trafficking, its resources are seriously constrained.

The GOB supports counter-narcotics operations with a dedicated police anti-drug and Belize Defense Force Maritime Unit (which the GOB hopes will evolve into a Coast Guard with territorial water interdiction capabilities) as well as with logistical, and strategic support including aerial support from the Belize Defense Force's Defender aircraft. The GOB will be increasing the number of individuals to the Belize Force Department's Anti-Drug unit from 13 to 27.

Since April Belizean law enforcement authorities have seized 3,900 kilograms of cocaine compared to the previous years 13 kilograms. This increase can be attributed to the operational anti-drug unit, a dedicated counter-narcotics unit made possible by DEA and INL assistance.

GUATEMALA CITY

Procedures

In CY-2001, EUM responsibilities were divided among the NAS logistics coordinator, the NAS police adviser, the NAS port adviser, the NAS communications technician, the NAS computer systems manager, the NAS warehouse manager, and the NAS Director. When commodities are received, the warehouse officer inspects the items and completes a receiving report. The logistics coordinator certifies receipt and initiates payment. The warehouse manager then enters the item into the NAS inventory management program after which it is distributed to the final user. All NAS personnel supervise and monitor distribution of the property to host nation organizations and conduct inventories. In addition, the NAS fleet manager provides day-to-day EUM of the NAS-provided vehicle fleet and associated spare parts.

In addition, the NAS automotive mechanic, the NAS dispatcher, and the NAS representative in the Department of Anti-Narcotics Operations (DOAN) Vehicle Control Office provide day-to-day EUM of the NAS-provided vehicle fleet and spare parts. Spot checks are conducted each time a NAS program officer visits a field site. The computer systems manager assists with periodic inventories of computer equipment primarily located in Guatemala City, while the communications technician conducts detailed inventory of all communications equipment located around the country and at the radio repeater sites. The NAS inventory management system, AMMS 6, is used to generate a detailed list of NAS equipment at the various field locations. Inventories are conducted a minimum of once a year.

The NAS warehouse issues all items using standard receiving reports to verify receipt by the receiving agency. These records are verified by the NAS logistics coordinator and monitored by NAS program officers during field inspections. Periodic on-site visits, generally performed at least quarterly, are the primary means of assessing resource status and helps to minimize loss or misuse. All sites with NAS equipment are visited at least semiannually. Post inspects even the remote sites with only unattended radio equipment three to four times a year as part of routine assistance or service visits. Routine trips by the NAS program managers and technicians provide an opportunity for EUM, assessment of impact on existing program resources, and identification of additional requirements/deletions to increase project effectiveness.

Status

Vehicles

The vast majority of the vehicles is dedicated to the DOAN fleet and is used nationwide by DOAN agents in support of counternarcotics operations. All vehicles receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance by the NAS automotive shop. When the shop is not capable of performing the maintenance, the work is evaluated by the NAS mechanic and vehicle control officer and contracted out.

Twenty~one vehicles were purchased in CY-2001 for the Ministry of Government (DOAN) and the Public Ministry but only one was received during the year. The one that arrived is in support of a newly identified fleet requirement for the demand reduction program. The van will provide transportation for the demand reduction teams that travel throughout the country providing demand reduction seminars. The NAS disposed of seven DOAN vehicles in June of 2001. The vehicles were either totaled or wrecked beyond reasonable repair. Ten of the incoming vehicles are assigned to the DOAN and will replace these units.

The six vehicles acquired from the closing of the military bases in Panama were inspected, upgraded and entered into the NAS/DOAN fleet. The one-step van vehicle was sent to the Honduras counter-narcotics police team.

DOAN also uses seized vehicles for counter-narcotics operations. The NAS continues to work with the Government of Guatemala (GOG) to incorporate more seized vehicles into the DOAN vehicle fleet to maximize the use of limited resources. The NAS also provides limited preventive and corrective maintenance for these vehicles.


Communications Equipment

The NAS supports the DOAN’s nationwide UHF/FM secure/non-secure radio network. The network consists of handheld radios, vehicle radios, base stations and a nationwide system of 14 remote site repeaters. This system provides nationwide command and control of counter-narcotics operations. Remote repeater sites are inventoried on scheduled visits. NAS and DOAN communications technicians conduct regular End Use Monitoring inspections of all communications equipment.

NAS purchased almost $200,000 of radio equipment in CY-2001. The equipment will be received in CY-2002. The equipment will upgrade the present DOAN radio communications system, whose technology is over ten years old. In addition, the DOAN recently changed frequencies from VHF to UHF, making a lot of their equipment unusable.

The NAS maintains cellular phones with their respective accessories to assist in providing essential telephone communications. NAS officers and advisors, the DOAN, the Public Ministry, and Minister of Government personnel are assigned this equipment. The NAS radio laboratory maintains most units.

The NAS purchased a telephone system network for the Public Ministry in the anticorruption and counternarcotics offices located in Guatemala City. The systems have been installed and are fully operational.

The NAS inspected, repaired, and upgraded the communications equipment acquired from the closing of the military bases in Panama. It was entered into the NAS inventory and has been issued and installed in different DOAN facilities.


Computer Equipment

The NAS purchased 142 computers with their respective monitors, 4 laptops, 36 printers, 5 LAN servers, 54 UPS's and miscellaneous hardware and software items. The computers were installed in the NAS offices, DOAN facilities at the DOAN headquarters in Guatemala City, the Public Ministry, and Guatemalan Immigration. The units are used to support counter-narcotics and demand reduction operations nationwide. Many of these units were bought for the various Mitch-funded projects, while others are bought to replace ADP equipment that in many cases was over 10 years old. All computers are serviced and upgraded to meet the needs of the users. 

Vessels

The two Boston Whaler fiberglass boats remain in the DOAN fleet located on the Caribbean Coast. They are used only for limited brown-water counter-narcotics operations. Post did not purchase any vessels, but did provide fuel in support of specific operations such as the Mayan Jaguar.

JICC

The Guatemalan Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) is manned by DOAN personnel. The JICC was provided 11 computers with respective monitors; 1 server; and 2 printers in 1999. The JICC consists of about 10 workstations, a server, and associated hardware. DOAN and NAS-contracted computer technicians maintain the equipment. The NAS technician works at the JICC on a daily basis.

The JICC stores and collates information to help develop intelligence for possible support to DOAN investigations and operations. The JICC maintains a wide range of information including a list of known traffickers, vehicle license plates, aircraft and boat registration numbers, phone numbers, etc. It also operates the 24-hour drug hot line, via which callers can anonymously provide information on illicit activity. The Guatemalan JICC is one of the better equipped JICC's in the region. The computers are linked to the server through a Local Area Network (LAN) cable connection, which is also linked to the national police information management system via a fiber optic connection.

Its major downfall is access to relevant databases from the private and government sector as there is strong resistance to share information and general distrust for the police. The NAS has placed a strong emphasis on developing the JICC and, together with ICITAP, has purchased a link analysis program and training for personnel to get them up to speed on current software. The information and software have already surpassed the capacity of the equipment. Therefore, the NAS has already begun a plan for purchasing new computers, servers, and associated equipment to meet the future needs of the JICC. The equipment is being used to capacity. The construction of adequate databases and a good intelligence system manger to give direction to the personnel and the intelligence collection effort is needed.

Construction

Guatemala Airport Observation Office-The construction of an interior two-room office enhanced DOAN's observation of pedestrian traffic throughout the international airport in Guatemala City. The project was begun and completed in May 2001. The NAS police adviser periodically visits the restricted office facility and maintenance is provided when needed by the host nation civil aviation agency.

Izabal MP Office Facility-This project consists of the construction and remodeling of the Public Ministry's counternarcotics prosecutors office located in Puerto Barrios, Izabal. It was begun in October 2000 and was completed in February 2001. The facility provides Spartan, but efficient office space for the host government narcotics prosecutors.

DOAN Barbrena construction -A metallic roof structure with its respective drains and bleachers was built for the DOAN regional counternarcotics training center in Barberena, Santa Rosa. The facility provides training for DOAN and counter-narcotics entities from both the host nation and other countries. The facility also provides training for Guatemalan and regional counter-narcotics canine units. The project was begun in July and completed in December of 2001.

Remodeling of an Educational Facility for Shelter-This project consisted of the remodeling and upgrading of physical security of two educational rooms for the shelter for children who are victims of violence, located in the city of Antigua, Guatemala. The Mitch-funded project was begun in August and completed in December of 2001.

DOAN Canine kennels in Peten-The project houses the canines assigned to the DOAN in Santa Elena, Peten. The canines are primarily used at the international airport in Peten and roadblocks at designated areas. The construction was begun in March and was completed in June of 2001.

Guatemala MP Offices-The GOG provided two floors for the MP counter-narcotics and anti-corruption prosecutor offices. The NAS provided office modules for the MP narcotics prosecutors and security upgrades for the anti-corruption agency. The offices are for daily operational use. These projects began in March and were completed in September of 2001. Routine maintenance is provided by the GOG.


Canine Training Facility

The regional Canine Narcotics Detection Training School at Lagos Los Pinos can house up to 40 dogs. The DOAN currently has 38 dogs in service throughout the Republic of Guatemala. The canine teams are used to examine containers, luggage, and vehicles at fixed and mobile checkpoints. The NAS has developed BPAs with veterinarians for the animals to receive regularly scheduled vaccinations and to provide dry food and fuel for transportation of DOAN personnel and canines throughout the country. Routine refresher training and an annual recertification have been the cornerstones to keeping the program successful and energetic. All dogs are healthy, although three canines will be retired from service this year having reached the end of their useful working life.


Miscellaneous Items

The NAS purchased five night vision goggles to assist with night seizures. Four goggles are assigned to DOAN headquarters and are being used during operations. One unit is at the NAS warehouse.

The incinerator is located at the new DOAN headquarters and is used for destruction of drugs. Post has used the incinerator to destroy several metric tons of cocaine. The NAS bought two additional contraband detector buster kits. The U.S. Custom’s advisor, post security personnel, and DOAN forces to detect narcotic trafficking via containers and vehicles use them. The NAS Customs adviser controls these items.

Impact

Guatemala remains a major transit country for South American cocaine en route to the United States and Europe. Cocaine moves through Guatemala by air, road, and sea. In 2001, various U.S. Government agencies worked closely with the GOG to increase law enforcement capabilities to counter the constant flow of drugs transiting the country. Cocaine seizures increased in 2001 by 193% and heroin seizures by 73% over CY 2000. However, the historic problems of widespread corruption, acute lack of resources, and frequent personnel turnover in law enforcement and other GOG agencies continue to plague the GOG and negatively affect their ability to deal with narcotrafficking and organized crime. USG efforts played a large role in the improved numbers last year, but the DOAN could be seizing much more if the problems mentioned above could be resolved. The canine program had at least 10 seizures directly attributed to it in CY-2001.

Training remains a key area where USG support is critical. NAS provided training in leadership, human rights, canine handling, contraband detection, investigative techniques, computers, stolen vehicles, and specialized counternarcotics training to the DOAN. Post also provided case management, anticorruption, and professional development training to the narcotics prosecutors. The GOG recently passed money-laundering legislation at post's urging and to devote substantial resources in money-laundering training in the next two years.

Problems

Poor road conditions in the majority of areas where counternarcotics operations are conducted hamper the proper function of the vehicles and necessitate frequent maintenance. The NAS has incorporated a driver education course for the DOAN and as a result is decreasing poor and negligent driving habits. The quality and consistency of the electricity in Guatemala is inferior to that of the U.S. Post regularly replaces or repairs equipment that is damaged by fluctuations or spikes in the electricity.


MANAGUA

Procedures

The DEA Special Agents and the INL assistant periodically visit Nicaraguan counter-narcotics installations and verify the proper use and maintenance of equipment acquired with international narcotics control funds. Through both formal and informal procedures, post monitors the commodities and services provided to assure proper usage and maintenance. The embassy receives written and oral feedback from recipients regarding the use of provided equipment. Since August 2000, Managua has labeled and recorded serial numbers for all equipment donated. Post is creating a database for all commodities that the Embassy has donated to the Police.

Status

Vehicles

Seven vehicles (two sedans, three pickup trucks, and two vans) and 36 motorcycles were provided to the Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Nicaragua's National Police (PN) in 1999. The motorcycles were donated throughout the country as follows: 13 in Managua, four in Esteli, three in Metagalpa, five in Rivas, three in the North Atlantic Regional Autonomous Area (RAAN), three in South Atlantic Regional Autonomous Area, five in Chinandega. The vehicles are used nationwide in support of counternarcotics operations.

During CY-2000, INL donated two Mazda pick-up trucks to the Civil Inspection Unit (UIC) and one Mazda pickup and six motorcycles to the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP) Internal Affairs Unit (UAI). These vehicles are used to investigate claims of police abuse. Post purchased two vans and two motorcycles for a Mobile Inspection Unit (MIU). The unit has participated in several successful drug seizures. The vehicles are being used effectively, especially the vehicles donated to the NNP Narcotics Unit. The motorcycles are distributed to the areas of greatest need.

In 2000, post signed a LOA with the Government of Nicaragua (GON) that committed the USG to spending $250,000 to build a vehicle inspection station at Penas Blancas on the southern border with Costa Rica. RPSO Ft. Lauderdale has undertaken the contracting associated with this project. Construction is slated to begin in early April and should be completed in late July 2002. The computers will soon be integrated into the JICC system.

Vessels

A 26-foot Boston Whaler was purchased for the Drug Police in 1998. It is based in Bluefields. The boat has had persistent engine problems. During 2001, the NNP told DEA that it would assume responsibility for fixing the boat. It remains at dock in Bluefields.

In CY-2000, post purchased two 200 HP Yamaha engines for the NNP Narcotics Unit. Those engines were installed in boats that had been seized in counterdrug operations. One boat now operates from Bluefields and the other from Puerto Cabezas. In addition, INL procured spare parts in 2000 to repair two outboard engines used by the NNP in Bluefields. These engines are in operation in boats used by the NNP Unit there.

Computer Equipment

INL purchased computers, monitors, and miscellaneous hardware and software items for the NNP. In 1999-2000, the NNP received 17 computers, two scanners, six printers, and 12 uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) for the unit's JICC. DEA also donated one computer to the unit. The computers have been integrated into the JICC system. The NNP is using the computers to gather and catalogue information on suspected drug traffickers at the JICC.

Forty computers, forty USP's, ten printers, and software were procured for use in creating an Anti-Corruption Task Force within the NNP. The Task Force is now at work on a number of high profile cases of government corruption. 

Communications Equipment

In 1999, post donated two repeaters and thirty-six radios to the NNP Unit. They are all in use. The Narcotics Unit used satellite phones communicate with the Mobile Inspection Unit when it operates in remote of Nicaragua. During 2000, INL installed a closed circuit TV system for use the Narcotics Unit at Managua International Airport. This system has used to monitor suspected drug traffickers as they enter Nicaragua and contributed to a number of investigations. Further improvements to the TV system await completion of construction.

Inspection Equipment

Two contraband detector buster kits, tools, and inspection equipment are used by the GON police forces to detect narcotic trafficking via containers and vehicles. The PN Special Drug Police has been using this equipment and has had successful results.

Canine Unit

During September 2001, post contracted with CSI International to do a study of the needs of the Nicaraguan Canine Unit. The team spent a week in country their recommendations have formed the basis for a project for the coming year to revamp the NNP canine unit.

Office Equipment

In 1998, INL provided four fax machines and a copy machine for the NNP Drug Unit. One fax is located at the airport, two at the Narcotics Police Headquarters, and one at the Regional Police Office in the Department of Rivas. The photocopy machine is at Managua International Airport where it serves as part of the NNP Narcotics Unit. During the same period, post donated seven printers to the NP. Six are in use at the Narcotics Unit headquarters; one is in use at the airport. In 2000, post donated a copy machine and one laptop to the CIU. Both are in use.

Impact

During 2001, the Narcotics Unit of the NNP seized record amounts of drugs on both land and sea. The Mobile Inspection Unit was deployed to good effect on repeated occasions, helping the NNP break several drug cases. The Anti-Corruption Unit supported by INL and ICITAP has been working on a number of high profile cases of GON corruption. 


MEXICO CITY

Procedures

The NAS and other USG personnel conducted End Use Monitoring through on-site visits and spot checks. The Office of the Attorney General (PGR) provided monthly reports on the state of USG leased helicopters and fixed wing aircraft. Financial accounting reports were submitted by other recipient institutions. Recipient institutions signed Notes of Agreement (NOA) with the NAS upon the delivery of all major non-expendable commodities. These NOA's specified the items donated, their quantity, description, serial number, intended use and location. The NAS Director or Deputy Director and a designated supervisor of the office receiving the commodities sign the NOAs.

Status

Aircraft

The PGR furnished monthly reports to the NAS on the location and use of the 26 UH-1H helicopters leased/donated by the USG. The NAS program coordinator traveled to Guadalajara, Acapulco, and Puerto Vallarta during the year on EUM site visits. All 26 helicopters were observed at the specified locations. They are distributed as follows: Hermosillo (2); Mexicalli (3); Culiacan (2); Puerto Vallarta (2); Guadalajara (3); Monterrey (1); Chetumal (3); Vera Cruz (1); Tapachula (4); Mexico city (5). An aviation Safety of Flight message (SOF) requiring X-ray inspections of all helicopter tailbooms has been addressed by conducting inspections at intervals of 75 hours of flight.

Thirty-six inspections were conducted during CY-2001. Four of the aircraft presented anomalies. The following tailbooms were placed out of service:

UH-1H Tailboom Date
XC-JAO BBBD-1045 01-08-01
XC-JAD ABD-04620 12-15-01
XC-JAG MMBD-0493 03-13-01
XC-JAG BBBD-0282 08-12-01


      

The PGR uses a standard aviation maintenance figure of 20% of aircraft down at any given time for routine maintenance. This represents five aircraft per month out for maintenance. Rates are then computed based on the remaining 21 UH-1H helicopters that are operational. The average availability rate for 2001 was 63.19%.

In addition to the UH-1H's, the PGR operated 39 USG donated aircraft in 2001. They included: twenty (20) Bell 206 B-III's; three (3) Bell 212 helicopters; one (1) Bell 212 UH-1N; twelve (13) Bell 206 airplanes; and two (2) Dehavilland DNC-6 Twin Otter airplanes. They are distributed as follows: Mexico City (2); Culican (7); Guadalajara (8); Chilpancingo (6); Acapulco (4); Cuernavaca (5); Chihuhua (1); Toluca (1); Hermosillo (1); Uruapan (1); Oaxaca (1); Altamirano (1). They were used for eradication and interdiction missions and training.

Maintenance-Depot level maintenance for USG-leased UH-1H helicopters operated by the PGR at no cost to the USG is located at the International Airport in Mexico City. Major maintenance for the fixed wing Cessna 206 and 210 fleet is performed in Cuernavaca; larger aircraft are maintained in Mexico City, Guadalajara or at commercial facilities. Intermediate-level rotary or fixed-wing maintenance exists at Culiacan, Oaxaca, Chihuahua, Uruapan, Tapachula and Chetumal. Aircraft located at Forward Operational Bases (FOB) are rotated to these bases for maintenance beyond FOB's capabilities. Facilities visited were noted as clean, orderly, efficiently maintained and operated.

Pathlink Equipment-PATHCOR/LORAN- In 1992, GPS navigational units were installed in four fixed-wing aircraft to direct illicit crop reconnaissance and aerial eradication flights. One of the units was destroyed in a plane crash and the PGR subsequently designated all of the equipment outdated and discontinued its use by the eradication section of the PGR. The Pathcor/Loran -GPS and Pathlink/GPS equipment has never been used to its maximum potential and has deteriorated through the years. In 2001, the NAS recommended that the equipment be surveyed. The NAS will file the proper survey forms and the equipment will be dropped from the End Use Monitoring requirements. As a result of the failure to use the Pathcor/Loran and Pathlink/GPS equipment, no GOM automated data is available for illicit crop reconnaissance and aerial eradication. 

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment consists of about 127 units spread over 23 line items, including 32 computers (four of which are laptops). With the exception of one laptop computer misplaced by the Special Investigations Unit (SIU) shortly after NAS delivery, all equipment was in working condition and being used at SIU facilities in Mexico City to further narcotics-related investigations. The NAS turned over 78 computers and 17 printers as follows: thirty-three (33) computers and four printers were issued to the SIU; 16 computers and three printers were issued to the Bilateral Task Forces (BTF); 29 computers and ten printers were issued to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU). The NAS Director accompanied the team to three of the nine BTF locations and observed NAS-funded Vetted Unit equipment.

From 1996 to 2000, the NAS purchased and installed computer equipment at the FIU. The NAS staff visited the FIU in 2001, and confirmed that the equipment was installed and being used as intended.

The $2 million computer installation project at the Attorney General's Office of the Special Prosecutor for Crimes Against Health (FEADS) was completed and inaugurated on November 17, 2000. In 2001, the new administration began a restructuring of the PGR. The GOM moved 11 NAS purchased servers to the National Center for Drug Control Planning (CENDRO). This reorganization will enable CENDRO to increase and maximize the efficiency of its data collection and intelligence analysis capabilities. The system will become a nationwide data network with access to drug-related criminal information for the PGR. The NAS visited CENDRO numerous times throughout the year and confirmed that the computer equipment is being used for the enhancement of counternarcotics investigations.

The NAS Director and project officer visited Caracol, a NGO that works with street kids on drug education and job training, and observed computer equipment purchased with FY-97 and FY-98 funds. Equipment is used for developing training and educational materials and tracking the project's casework. Samples of finished products were provided to NAS visitors. Caracol also furnished a complete accounting of NAS-funded expenditures.

The NAS purchased a LAN system with case management software for the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI) of the Office of the Attorney General. AFI has been the principal entity responsible for locating and arresting fugitives from U.S. justice. Installation of the computer equipment has been postponed as the PGR negotiates the purchase of a building for the AFI.

Communications Equipment

In 2001, the GOM restructured the vetted units/BTF's into Special Investigative Units (SIU's). All previously donated BTF radios and repeater equipment were returned to Mexico City and inventoried by the NAS and DEA. The equipment is being redistributed to new SIU locations.

NAS received an itemized inventory of the equipment and a list of sites where the items will be located. The inventory was consistent with NAS records. Once the transfers are complete, the SIU units at the new locations will be visited by NAS or DEA personnel. 

Vehicles

The 55 vehicles donated to the PGR are subject to relocation. They consist of Jettas, VW sedans, Nissan pickups, Kawasaki and Yamaha motorcycles. NAS personnel verify the locations of the vehicles once the transfers are completed.

Pickup trucks- Eleven operable pickup trucks are located at Acapulco, Cuernavac, Guadalajara, Culiacan, Chihuahua, Oaxaca, Tuxtla-Gutierrez, Chetumal, Mexico (3). One truck which is located in Uruapon is inoperable.

Support vehicles-three operable in Mexico City; one inoperable.

Maintenance vehicles- one operable in Chetumal; one operable in Guadalajara; one operable in Mexico City; three undergoing maintenance in Mexico City; one operable in Oaxaca; and one operable in Tapachula.

Cisterns-three operable in Mexico City; one operable in Acapulco; one operable in Cuernavaca.

Transport vehicles- two inoperable in Mexico City; two operable in Hermosillo; one operable in Guadalajara; one operable in Tampico; one operable in Culiacan; one operable in Tijuana; one operable in Cancun; one operable in Tapachula.

Transport trailers-one operable in Mexico City; one operable in Guadalajara

The NAS donated 10 motorcycles and five trailers to the Mexican Immigration Service (INM) and twelve Ford Lobo pickup trucks to the SIU's. Two armored vehicles were reassigned in 2001 to the new Vetted Units coordinators in PGR.

In 1997, a Nissan pickup truck was donated to the NGO Sierra Madre alliance. In order for the vehicle to be properly registered in the state of Chihuahua, NAS was obligated to issue the title in the name of the Assistant Director, Alejandro Rivas of Sierra Madre. In 1999, there was a breakup in the alliance and the Assistant Director took the vehicle. In an effort to recover the vehicle, Sierra Madre filed theft charges against Rivas in Chihuahua. To date, the vehicle has not been recovered and it is believed the vehicle was sold. Since the title was actually under Rivas' name, post does not believe that the theft charges will stand. The Sierra Madre alliance has been advised that future NAS support will be contingent upon proper administrative oversight of the USG-funded resources. The vehicle will be taken off the inventory list.

Defense Articles

C-26 Aircraft-Four C-26 aircraft were donated to the GOM as part of a 1996 506 (A)(2) drawdown package to enhance Mexico's surveillance capabilities. The aircraft are operated by the Mexican Air Force. End Use Monitoring was done by an MLO End Use Monitoring team. Overall, the aircraft were found to be in good physical condition, but the Mexican operational unit lacked many resources for maintaining the aircraft in mission capable status. The MLO team verified the exclusive use of the aircraft for counternarcotics, humanitarian assistance or disaster relief operations.

Vehicles-506 (A) (2)-A fleet of 45 vehicles provided to the PGR under 1991 506 (A) (2) includes 12 pickup trucks, 10 transport vehicles, 8 maintenance trailers, 4 support vehicles, 4 military transport vehicles and 10 transport trucks. Normal usage combined with wear and tear of operating in remote and rugged locations has left six of these vehicles inoperable. Vehicles in this category perform services at permanent locations and are not rotated as frequently as pickup trucks.

The NAS will remove the four inoperable military vehicles, two support trucks, and five pickups from the inventory and dispose of them per LOA and USG regulations. The NAS program coordinator is working with the PGR in assessing all of the support equipment. Some of the equipment on the NAS inventory is old and should be replaced. The NAS will conduct an assessment of current equipment, i.e., pick-up trucks, trailers, tanker trucks, etc. that was provided under security assistance programs to determine proper disposition.

Mobile Maintenance Trailers-Five of eight trailers provided under security assistance programs are operable and in use at Mexico City (1); Chetumal (1); Guadalajara (1); Oaxaca (1); Tapachula (1). Three located in Mexico City are undergoing maintenance.

Crew Trailers- The PGR deploys ten crew trailers, provided by the USG in 1991 under Section 1004 of the Defense Authorization Act as follows: Ten trailers were provided under Section 1004 Defense Authority in 1991. Eight are operable and in use at Cancun (1); Tampico (1); Tapachula (1); Tijuana (1); Culiacan (1); Guadalajara (1); Hermosillo (2). Two are undergoing maintenance.

Military trucks- Four are inoperable in Mexico City.


Problems

Locator Databases

Mexican police institutions do not maintain accurate locator databases of its personnel. Tracking those who have attended USG-sponsored courses to verify continuity in a training-related assignment has been difficult. The NAS has created its own database to address the problem of repeat attendance at courses.

Aircraft Inspection

A NAS-funded inspection of the 26 USG supplied UH-1H helicopters indicated that the fleet was in good condition. However, the UH-1H model has been phased out by the USG, making spare parts and maintenance a serious concern for the future. Other options must be considered or upgrades conducted on the UH-1H fleet if the USG is to continue supporting GOM eradication and interdiction efforts. At current funding levels, neither the NAS nor the GOM have the resources to upgrade the fleet.

Impact

Program support provided in 2001 contributed to the GOM's anti-narcotics mission and organized crime agenda. Bilateral law enforcement cooperation was unprecedented, extradition and deportations increased significantly. The PGR and Mexican military scored victories against every major narcotics-trafficking organization.

Interdiction efforts this year were characterized by greater information sharing between the USG and the GOM. The PGR has used the NAS-purchased ion scanners to establish probable cause in several maritime interdiction events. The GOM reported the seizure of over 29 tons of cocaine. A total of 396 kilograms of methamphetamine were seized.

Illicit cultivation in Mexico is done mainly in remote locations and in small fields. Drought conditions coupled with the GOM's aggressive eradication campaign during 1999 and 2000 yielded record low levels of opium poppy. In 2001, with normal rainfalls, opium poppy eradication was 18,784 hectares, up from 15,621 in 2000. Marijuana eradication in 2001 was 28,831, compared to 31,019 in 2000.

The FIU reported receiving more than 5,000,000 currency transaction reports and nearly 3,000 suspicious activity reports from financial institutions. These reports were processed with NAS-funded computer equipment.

The support that the NAS has provided to the GOM demand reduction entities and their NGO counterparts supports Mexican efforts to highlight and address increased drug consumption in Mexico. These institutions are leading education and prevention measures to counteract this menace. These efforts serve to remind the Mexican public that drug consumption is a global phenomenon rather than a U.S. problem.

The night vision goggles (NVG) training provided to the GOM in 2001 had immediate positive results for the intercept unit. According to GOM statistics, intercept ground responses increased by 300% during the months of October, November and December. U.S. analysts attribute this dramatic increase, in part, to the GOM's NVG operations. NVG operations were suspended for helicopter maintenance and administrative reasons in December. NVG operations are expected to resume in early 2002.

Program Changes

The NAS has requested a full field inspection of the PGR fleet that includes both USG leased and donated helicopters. Post feels that this technical evaluation is necessary due to the age of the UH-1H helicopters (39 years old). Based on the outcome of the evaluation, the NAS, in consultation with INL and the GOM, will make a determination on the future of the NAS aviation support to the PGR.


PANAMA CITY

Procedures

A formal on-site inventory was conducted during January 2002. The NAS also conducted a random spot-check of DOD excess equipment left in Panama subsequent to the reversion of the Panama Canal to the Government of Panama (GOP), which NAS donated in December 2000 to the Ministry of Justice. Additionally, the NAS and the embassy's law enforcement agencies' personnel conducted informal EUM during their regular contact with their Panamanian counterparts during project site visit throughout CY-2001.

The Non-Expendable Property Application and Stock Control System (NEPA) is used for all project property. These records are maintained in the NEPA inventory system and constantly updated for new donations, return of old or non-working items or NAS-approved transfers between institutions. The NAS also has a digital camera, which is used to record visually the inventory for future comparison.

Status

Computer and Office Equipment

Judicial Technical Police (PTJ)- Most of the computer equipment is located at the main office in Panama City and the Tocumen counternarcotics office, Anti-Narcotics Office (FEAN), Edificio Coremusa in downtown Panama City. Computer equipment is used by anti-narcotics personnel to compile investigative information, gather statistics on drug-related crimes and seizures, and update records on detained individuals. Since 1997, the computers donated to the Special Anti-Drug Unit have been used as stand-alone word processing units and not together as a network. The existing server is old and does not have the needed capacity to store more data. In 2000, the NAS donated an integrated computer system at DEA's request. The establishment of an automated database, linked nationally through a local network is fundamental to the future development and success of the PTJ and DEA counterdrug efforts.

Banking Superintendency (previously the National Banking Commission)-In 1995, INL provided modems, software, hard disks, Simms memory chips (for the server), 32 UPS', and additional equipment required to make the existing USAID-donated computer system operational. Other NAS-funded computer equipment includes a Pentium server, Pentium workstations with UPS, and database software. Since the Banking Superintendency is a self-financing entity, post has not donated any equipment since 1995. Superintendency personnel use equipment to conduct banking regulatory activities and to share information with the Financial Analysis Unit. All INL-donated equipment is in good working condition.

Ministry of Education Drug Prevention-INL items donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention include office furniture and equipment such as desks, chairs, tables, filing cabinets, fax machine, copier, computer, typewriters, etc. Equipment is located at the Drug Prevention Office in the Ministry of Education Building located in downtown Panama City or at the Drug Education and Information Center (CENAID) at Albrook. All equipment is in excellent condition and new items are under warranty.

CENAID is very efficient and makes good use of what post furnishes. Post recently provided funds for the Ministry to design an impressive web page for CENAID with links to many USG, NGO, third country and international organization web sites.

Immigration and Naturalization-INL purchased 28 computers for the Directorate of Immigration and Naturalization (DMN) Department in December of 1996. This equipment constitutes only a small part of an automated lookout system. The computers are being used as stand-alone word processing units throughout DMN Headquarters and allow them to maintain records and correspondence.

The results of an EUM visit were very disturbing. Most of the computer, newly donated in 1999 were not found during this visit. The NAS requested an explanation from the Chief of the computer section. It was discovered that the computers had been dumped in an empty room. It was surmised that since the DMN is implementing a new namecheck system soon, it is possible that these computers were made redundant by new computers. No one from DMN ever brought any problems with the computers to the attention of the NAS. After conducting a thorough investigation, the chief of the computer section was fired. NAS has been assured by the DMN director that the computers can and will be used to augment and implement the namecheck system. We were assured that the computers would be maintained in their proper state.

Customs-INL donated computer equipment to the Panama Customs Service to upgrade an existing system. The donated items include one computer work station, four Wyse terminals and keyboards, two modems, and one laser printer. Equipment is located at the main office in Curundu. Customs continued its status as an office unable to maintain an inventory for the second year in a row. Consequently, no items were donated to Customs in 2001. Given the chronic lack of management controls, post will donate to Customs only equipment whose use is directly supervised by Customs or DEA or in line with our newly-developed Port Security project, in which Customs is a major player.

Financial Analysis Unit (FAU)-The FAU became fully operational in July 1996. INL donated computer hardware, software, and all office equipment to implement a Panama City Office and upgrade an existing computer LAN in the administrative office. The equipment includes 28 computers, software, Pentium servers. In 1998, the NAS provided additional computer equipment: 16 computer workstations, five printers, Pentium server, Oracle software, Simms memory chips. The equipment is used by the FAU personnel to input suspicious transaction reports and to analyze such reports to detect money laundering patterns. Maintenance is the responsibility of the FAU and appears to be adequate. The NAS donated new computer equipment in 2000 and 2001 to upgrade the FAU's server and computer network. This upgrade includes a sophisticated analytic program to do a better job of detecting money laundering patterns.

CONAPRED-INL-funded equipment at the National Commission for the Prevention Rehabilitation and Study of Drug Addiction (CONAPRED) consists of computer hardware and printers, office furniture and equipment such as telephones and fax machines. Equipment is located at the CONAPRED office in downtown Panama City. Equipment is used by CONAPRED officials and volunteers in conducting demand reduction seminars and for the dissemination of anti-drug information. Commodities are maintained by CONAPRED.

JICC-The JICC is fully operational and capable of exchanging information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama. All equipment is located in the former Howard Air Force Base this year. The computers are used by JICC personnel for information collection, analysis and dissemination and to exchange information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama and with DEA's El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC). The JICC also shares information with other JICC offices in the Caribbean and Central America. Maintenance of all equipment has been excellent. Newer equipment is in good working condition. The JICC maintains a detailed inventory in their computer system.

National Air Service (SAN)-INL-funded equipment consists of computers, printers, and a UPS. All equipment is based out of the SAN’s headquarters at Tocumen Airport. SAN moved to Howard Air Force Base in Spring 2000. The equipment is used to support surveillance activity and to maintain the SAN’s counterdrug database. INL-funded equipment is in generally good working condition. The SAN maintains excellent records and accountability of INL donated equipment.

Computer equipment has been maintained and serviced. Aging non-functioning computer equipment has been cannibalized to maintain other computers. The SAN has all equipment serviced as needed. The NAS will repair one broken printer and consider the SAN's need to replace obsolete computers with new equipment as soon as funds become available.

National Maritime Service (SMN)-INL funded a desktop and a laptop computer. The computers remain in working condition. In FY-00, post donated computer equipment to the SMN's Anti-Narcotics Intelligence Department (DIAN). The computers remain in good working condition.

Drug Prosecutor’s Office-The NAS provided a computer, printer, and UPS for the use of the Deputy Drug Prosecutor. The equipment is located in the Avesa building in downtown Panama and in their Colon office. The equipment is used for maintaining files and building databases in support of prosecution of drug related and money laundering cases. The equipment is well kept and maintained and is being used for its intended purpose. The twelve computers provided by INL in 1995 will not work with their new system, leaving them functional only as stand-alone word-processing units. The NAS is in the process of purchasing new computers for the Drug Prosecutor's office and will donate the still-working computers to the Ministry of Education's Office of Drug Prevention Education.

Colon Free Zone Administration (CFZ)-Computer equipment was donated to the CFZ administration office in 1996. All computer equipment is being used and in good working condition at the administration office.

National Commission for Criminal Statistics Analysis (CONADEC)-In 2000, post replaced a server and six 10-year old computers and provided Oracle software so that CONADEC would be compatible with the Oracle software used by other GOP entities. All equipment is well maintained and in excellent condition.

Communications Equipment

PTJ communications equipment is located at various repeater sites: Santa Rita and Cerro Azul in Panama province, Volcan Baru at Chiriqui, and Cerro Grande in San Blas. Other communications equipment such as portable car and hand-held radios are functioning and are monitored from the PTJ Communications Division at the PTJ headquarters in Panama City. Maintenance of communications equipment appears to be good. Inventory records are maintained in the PTJ computer files and are periodically updated and checked against NAS inventory records.

In 1997, INL purchased 20 hand-held radios, which are part of a radio communications network that was donated to the Immigration Directorate in 1998 for use in border and port regions to support operations. This network included twelve mobile radios, two repeaters, and three base stations. The 26 remaining functional computers (out of 30) originally purchased in December 1996 for the Pisces Program were finally donated to Immigration in August 1999. The radio equipment is used in border and port regions to support operations.

The 20 hand-held radios and radio communications network donated to the DNM in January 1999 continues to be used in border and port operations. The network includes twelve mobile radios, two repeaters, and three base stations.

A scanner, digital camera, CD writer, and 4 cellular phones were donated to the SAN's Intelligence Unit in CY-2000. The Unit uses the equipment to provide valuable assistance to DEA, including photos of clandestine airstrips, tracking movement of suspected airplanes, tracking movements of suspect airplanes, identifying ownership and criminal antecedents of suspect airplanes, surveillance activity, maintaining the SAN's counterdrug database and sharing aircraft intelligence received from the SAN's Colombian counterparts.

Vehicles

PTJ vehicles (which are now 15 years old) have been cannibalized to the maximum extent possible and are now worthless. A current NAS pilot project provides rental vehicles to the PTJ while requiring them to maintain service and usage records.

The JICC Durango is in excellent condition. The 1993 Jeep Cherokee is being used only for local deliveries of sensitive information.

Post provided 4 heavy-duty trucks to the SMN in FY-01.


Vessels

INL-funded items in 1998 consisted of three tool kits for SMN's MK-4 patrol boats used exclusively for counter drug-patrols. There has been a notable improvement in the patrol boats’ readiness status since receipt of the kits. The training has proven valuable as indicated by numerous successful seizures and the improvement of the SMN over the past year. The SMN fleet is very well maintained. All new equipment is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Video equipment, two gasoline pumps, and binoculars were donated to the SAN; office furniture/equipment, bulletproof vests, fax machine, video equipment, tape recorders, raid jackets, bulletproof vests, and a shredder were donated to the PTJ; telephones, fax machine, and a photocopier were donated CONAPRED and the Drug Prosecutor's Office. Desks, fax machines typewriters were donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention Office and the FAU. A refrigerator and fax machine were donated to the Colon Free Zone (CFZ). The equipment is well maintained. However, the photocopier requires frequent repair. It appears to be approaching the end of its useful life.

The video system donated to the Customs Directorate was installed at Tocumen Airport and used to detect drug smuggling through the airport. However, in 2000, the system was dismantled and replaced by another surveillance system. Customs and the embassy's law enforcement community will explore how these surveillance cameras can best be used. The donated tool kits were used in border and port operations to search containers.

In FY-01, post provided camcorders and cases, a Powerpoint projector and fax machines to the SMN.

The JICC director advised that two telephones donated in 1993 were stolen when the JICC moved to the new facilities in 2001.

Impact

INL-funded support significantly enhances the GOP's law enforcement agencies narcotics and crime control capabilities. The INL support consisted of funding for the procurement of commodities and services, training and joint operational activities. Without NAS project funding, the GOP's law enforcement efforts would be severely crippled.

The GOP has remained one of our principle partners in counternarcotics missions. It has engaged in cooperative maritime investigations with partner nations, most notably Colombia and Costa Rica. The GOP cooperated with U.S. requests to board and search Panamanian-flag vessels suspected of drug smuggling international waters. The PTJ, Customs, the National Directorate of Immigration, and the PNP, with support from the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. customs and DEA, using NAS funding, executed three major joint interdiction operations along the Costa Rica Border against alien smuggling and drug trafficking. The GOP continued to investigate important high-level drug traffickers and money launderers, including four seizures of over 200 kgs each.


SAN JOSE

Procedures

The Embassy's narcotics coordinator, defense representative officers, and DEA special agents periodically visit Costa Rican counterdrug installations and verify the proper use and continued maintenance of equipment acquired with International Narcotics Control funds. The embassy receives written and oral feedback from recipients regarding the use of provided equipment. Regular monitoring of INL-supported projects provides an on-going opportunity for specific End Use Monitoring, program evaluation, and identification of additional ways to increase program effectiveness.

Embassy augmented the Non-Expendable Property Inventory System (NEPA) instituted last year by transferring it to a basic spreadsheet program. Each piece of equipment delivered to the Government of Costa Rica (GOCR) counterpart agencies is identified by an inventory number. Each equipment delivery is also documented with a receipt signed by an Embassy representative and the senior official from the recipient GOCR agency. The receipt specifies the equipment being donated and notes the inventory number and manufacturer's serial number.


Status

Patrol Boats

Three 24-ft Rigid Hull Inflatable (RHI) fast patrol craft were transferred to the Coast Guard in June. Each RHI is equipped with two Honda 130 HP outboard engines and compete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. The RHI is a multi-mission vessel that allows the Costa Rican Coast Guard to conduct coastal maritime law enforcement operations. These three RHI's join one RHI delivered in 2000 and are the first four of eight to be acquired through INL FY-2000 and Colombia supplemental funds.

The 82-foot decommissioned USCG cutter, Santamaria, transferred to the GOCR in December 1999 is located in the Pacific Port of Golfito. It is being maintained in excellent condition with the assistance of the USCG. The GOCR took possession of two additional 82-ft decommissioned cutters in 2001. The former USCGC Point Chico, renamed Juan Rafael Mora, was transferred in June and the former USCGC Point Bridge, renamed Pancha Carrasco, was transferred in September. The transfer packages accompanying these transfers included the re-fitting of all electronics and communications systems, training for the Costa Rican Coast Guard crews, and a full complement of spare parts. Both patrol craft will join the Juan Santamaria in Golfito on Costa Rica's southwest Pacific Coast.

Additionally, Zodiacs purchased previously for the Maritime Section continue to be used actively in ship boardings in Costa Rican territorial waters. An additional Zodiac is maintained by the Embassy DEA for use by the Interagency Drug Task Force. It continues to be used during joint law enforcement operations such as Central Skies and Libertador.

The Zodiac previously given to the Costa Rican Coast Guard is being maintained. It is currently carried on one of the Costa Rican Coast Guard 82-foot patrol craft and is actively used in ship boardings.

Vehicles

Post purchased three Nissan Sentra vehicles for the Organization for Judicial Investigation (OIJ) in 1995. INL has previously provided the OIJ, PCD, and the Ministry of Health with 34 vehicles ranging from vans and four-wheel drive vehicles to sedans and motorcycles. These organizations continue to use these vehicles for counterdrug activities. Both agencies exercise tight controls over usage and have regular maintenance programs.

Post INL funds were used in 1999 as partial payment for the trade-in of used vehicles for two newer model vehicles for use by National Counternarcotics Center (CICAD) personnel. The two vehicles are housed at CICAD headquarters. Post is satisfied that these vehicles are used for counternarcotics purposes and are adequately maintained. No other vehicles have been procured with INC funds for GOCR agencies in the last five years.

Computers

Post provided computer equipment to GOCR entries in CY-2001. The JICC received computer equipment to implement the Guardian software program. The Ministry of Public Security's Drug Control Police (PCD) received computer equipment and associated peripherals to expand the capacity of its in-house network and complement previously donated surveillance and other investigative equipment. The Public Prosecutor's Economic Crimes and Anti-corruption Section received a laptop computer and portable projector which has enhanced the prosecutor's ability to present complex cases to presiding judges. The National Police Academy was supplied with two laptop computers, two portable projectors, a digital camera, a video camera, a scanner, and two printers to facilitate its training activities. Post provided computer workstations, printers and networking hardware to the OIJ Canine Unit after its move to new quarters in 2001. The OIJ Narcotics Section, Air Surveillance Section (SVA) of the Ministry of Public Security, and the Commission for the Improvement of the Administration of Justice (CONAMAJ) also received computers and related equipment.

Computers purchased for the Ministry of Public Health are being effectively used to control the importation and distribution of precursor chemicals and prescription medicines. CICAD has supplemented INL-purchased equipment with computers purchased with proceeds from the sale of assets seized from drug traffickers. 

Communications Equipment

Radio equipment donated to the OIJ Narcotics Section in the late eighties remains operational. Thirteen portable UHF-FM radios were purchased and delivered to the OIJ with an encryption keyloader to improve operational security of investigations. The equipment is in good repair and is in constant use during daily OIJ operations.

Canine Units

The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) Canine Unit occupies two kennel locations. One kennel building is located adjacent to the Ministry's Air Surveillance Section facilities, which are contiguous with the Juan Santamaria International Airport. The second kennel facility is in the San Jose suburb of Pavas. Both facilities are adequately maintained with enough kennel space for the dogs. They offer complete protection from the weather. The MPS Canine Unit consists of 15 dogs of which 9 are drug detector dogs; 3 are explosives detectors; and 3 are used for search and rescue. The drug detector dogs are primarily used at the international airport and the northern border crossing of Penas Blancas. The MPS's Drug Control Police also regularly use the canine unit in law enforcement operations. The dogs and guides are well trained and the unit holds regular refresher exercises. The unit's current deputy is a regionally recognized expert trainer who has received praise from USG canine officials for his expertise and training techniques. He has recently assisted NAS-Guatemala in a regional canine training school. The unit works with the Drug Control Police officials stationed at the international airport and has been actively involved in the recent increase of airport seizures of illicit narcotics being transported through Costa Rica via commercial airline passengers.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Six complete contraband detector kits were acquired with INL funds. Of the two were delivered to the PCD, two to the Customs Control Police (PCF), to the OIJ, and one is maintained by DEA specifically for use by Interagency Drug Task Force. Six small high security safes were acquired use by the Canine Units of the MPS and the OIJ for storage of small amounts cocaine, heroin, and marijuana for the continued training of the detector dogs. Seven digital camcorders were given to the PDC for use in counter-narcotics investigations. The PDC has distributed the equipment to its offices around the country to support investigations beyond San Jose.

Tactical harnesses, helmets gloves and goggles were provided to the GOCR officers participating in training and marijuana operations. The equipment, valued at $4,000 made it possible to eradicate over one million marijuana plants located in rough and otherwise inaccessible during joint USG-GOCR counterdrug operations in 2000.

Safety equipment was provided to the MPS Air Surveillance Section (SVA) personnel to permit aerial surveillance flights off the coast of Costa Rica's in support of counternarcotics, fisheries protection and search and rescue operations.


Impact

GOCR resources for the support of mutual counternarcotics goals are limited but the political will of the GOCR has been clearly demonstrated. The entry into force of the Maritime Agreement in 1999 was a significant step toward increased bilateral cooperation. The provision of INL funds has contributed to the development of a professional and increasingly effective Costa Rican Coast Guard. A total of five joint U.S./Costa Rican maritime operations were conducted in 2001 with the U.S. donated patrol boats and RHI's. The training and equipment provided to GOCR officials in CY-2000 resulted in the destruction of over one million marijuana plants in terrain otherwise impossible to access. Anecdotal evidence suggests a greater number of seizures across an increasing variety of transportation methods. The contraband detectors have been instrumental in several of these recent seizures.


SAN SALVADOR


Procedures

The San Salvador INL program manager notifies Salvadoran law enforcement agencies of all INL donations through official letters. Salvadorian law enforcement agencies assign a control number to each piece of donated equipment and maintain an internal inventory. The San Salvador INL program manager also maintains an internal record of donated goods and periodically requests detailed inventories from the receiving agencies. Post personnel regularly visit the Anti-Narcotics Division (DAN) headquarters of the National Civilian Police (PNC), ports of entry, as well as the Attorney General's Financial Investigations Unit (FIU) and Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Attorney General's office, and monitor closely the status of donated items. The INL program manager receives additional reports on the physical condition of donated goods from the DEA country office. Salvadorian cooperation on the monitoring of goods donated by the USG is excellent.

Status

Communications Equipment

The DAN telecommunications department continues to maintain all radio equipment in good working condition. All previously donated radio equipment, including parts for repair and beepers, are in use. All of the communications equipment donated to the DAN during CY-2000 is located at headquarters in San Salvador. 

Vehicles

INL funds the maintenance cost of 23 vehicles donated to the DAN in previous years. The vehicles are used by the Inspection Teams, JICC, and Canine Unit in the DAN. They are adequately maintained. The vehicles are based at the DAN headquarters in San Salvador. Operational equipment such as drug detection devices is sent to the United Stats for maintenance and repairs. Most of the time the equipment is maintained in working order. Several of the vehicles will need to be replaced in 2002.

Canine Unit

The canine unit was reorganized in 2001. Six new dogs were added. The unit currently has eleven dogs. An intensive 30-day canine training course presented to 23 canine handlers by the U.S. Customs Service was funded by INL.

During CY-2002, post plans to purchase six more dogs and send six DAN officers to the United States Coast Guard canine training academy in Front Royal, Virginia to participate in the basic canine-handler, administrator, and team leader courses. 

JICC Facility

The resources donated to the Joint Information and Communications Center (JICC) are being maintained properly. The USG donated two new servers for the JICC office and five computers for ports of entry to facilitate the storage of information and enhance the communication between headquarters and posts at the ports of entry. INL funds covered payment of a three-year service contract for use of a router and a digital telephone line. The will allow the JICC to access databases of different government agencies, such as the National Registry of Property and Ministry of Treasury.

The center has developed a working relationship with the Division de Armas y Explosives (weapons and explosives), the Ministry of Hacineda (Treasury), Division de Aduanas (Customs), and the Salvadoran Social Security (ISSS). Panama and Mexico have an active information exchange with the Salvadorian JICC. JICC resources are in constant use as the Salvadoran JICC operates 24 hours a day.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Periodic checks found that the field operations equipment, including ballistic vests, battering rams, electronic listening devices, head gear, cameras, and video cameras are being used and in good condition.

More than two years ago, DAN officers were trained to operate busters and ion scan machines. Since them, all officers have been promoted, transferred, or fired. Post has contacted the manufacturers of these devices and will arrange training sessions during CY-2002 in the use and maintenance of this equipment.

During 2001, post donated three portable electric generators; hand tools to inspect vehicles; 20 tents; 30 radios; and 30 extra radio batteries to the inspection teams of the DAN. The inspection teams use this equipment to conduct interdiction operations along the two most used transnational routes, the Pan-American and Littoral Highways.

Impact

Assistance provided with INL funds to the DAN and FIU has been essential to their professional development. All equipment donated enhances the DAN and prosecutors' abilities to combat international trafficking in drugs, contraband, and money laundering in El Salvador. The budget assigned to these units is not enough. Support from INL is a key factor in keeping them operational.


TEGUCIGALPA

Procedures

Post, based on the database developed from the EUM report for 2000, established a new control mechanism to keep track of all the items donated to the Government of Honduras (GOH) counternarcotics agencies, including a digital photographic database with date reference. The methodology has proven very useful as a tool for post's own controls in recordkeeping and monitoring, and also for ensuring the equipments' optimal use by GOH agencies.

Post developed a new procedure for equipment maintenance through the use of preventive maintenance contracts with vendors and qualified contractors. This preventive maintenance program is being applied to the INL procured vehicles and the EDA-donated boats.

Status

Vehicles

The JICC has two Ranger pickup trucks and three 4-wheel drive vehicles. It received a pickup truck and a double cab with diesel engines in 2001. The Counternarcotics Division of Public Ministry (DLNC) has seven vehicles; three Broncos are at the Embassy's shop; one Cherokee is operational; the other is at the embassy's shop (needs electronic module). Of the two Rangers, one is assigned to TGU and one to Ceiba.

Three vehicles were received in 1999; one was assigned to Consejo Nacional Contra Narcotrafico (operational); one was assigned to Fiscalia Contra Narcotrafico (operational); and one was assigned to Aduana in Puerto Cortes (status unknown). Post purchased and received three SUV's (Jeep Cherokees) for canine transportation in 2000.


The FSN conducted a complete analysis of donated vehicles and drafted an extensive report including photographs depicting the vehicles' current condition. Post also established a plan for preventive/corrective maintenance control procedures that includes monthly control reports from the GOH agencies.

JICC

The JICC, established in 1993, continues to aid law enforcement efforts by providing critical tactical information on drug trafficking. In 2000, the JICC received one laptop computer, four CPU's and four monitors, one server, five uniform power supplies, one printer, eight keyboards, seven fax modems and one software program for remote communication.


Vessels

The two U.S. donated 25-foot boats that had been underutilized for over three years were refurbished and made operational for the La Ceiba area of the north coast. These two boats were deployed during the Central Skies operations. One of the boats is getting its outboard motor replaced, due to corrosive problems. The two 36-foot boats are undergoing an extensive and complete refurbishment, which includes total engine overhauls, and the installation of new electronic navigational equipment and other accessories. Both should be operational by end of the first quarter of 2002.

Once these boats are up and running DLCN should be able to conduct, in combination with the other two 25-foot vessels, regular maritime interdiction patrols along the Honduran north coast. Training has been provided to the DLCN. The Honduran Navy will support these operations.

Canine Unit

Five extra dogs were received along with their trainers in September 2001. This brings the total up to nine dogs. The dogs have been deployed to Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, Cortes, and La Ceiba. The dogs at San Pedro Sula and Cortes have been conducting operations at the San Pedro Sula Airport and in the maritime port of Cortes . The ones assigned to Tegucigalpa and La Ceiba work almost exclusively on airport operations. Brand new facilities have been constructed in Tegucigalpa for five dogs. The kennel in Cortes has been refurbished. It can host ten dogs. Post is working on the development of other facilities at San Pedro Sula and La Ceiba. 

Miscellaneous Items

The DLNC is using the following items: binoculars, cameras, televisions, fingerprint kits, holsters, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, one GPS unit, two data scopes; 50 test sticks for cocaine and 50 for THC; 50 test cups for drug analysis; four washers and four dryers.

Impact

Post has made a strong effort, both in internal administrative procedures and in liaison with the GOH law enforcement agencies, to help the GOH reach a higher level of capability and readiness. Post projects should significantly increase the capability and effectiveness of the GOH in counternarcotics operations.



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