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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

South America


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 2003
Report
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ASUNCION

Procedures

The INL program assistant personally verified the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD) inventory report through a variety of methods including: repeat on-site inspection of local facilities; review of SENAD's in-house written inventory; and through inspection of commodities by DEA special agents and country attache. Report of commodities located in the outlying areas were verified by INL review of SENAD's written inventory and through frequent inspections by DEA personnel.

Status

All items were provided to SENAD, the Anti-Drug Executive Secretariat; DOA (Direccion Operationes Antidrogas), formerly DINAR; and SEPRELAD, Paraguay's money-laundering investigative unit. In addition, the Government of Paraguay (GOP) maintains INL-provided commodities in several field locations including Ybyturuzu and Lima (radio equipment), Ciudad del Este, Mariscal Estigarriba, Pedro Juan Caballero and Encarnacion.

Vehicles

Twenty-four trucks, SUV's, one sedan, and five motorcycles (one in poor condition) are currently in use by SENAD for operational and prevention purposes ranging in model years from 1989 to 2001. Eleven vehicles and one motorcycle should be approved for auction by SENAD and removed from INL accounting logs. They are beyond repair and all parts that could be used on other vehicles have been removed.

Detector Dogs


INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs seven dogs. INL
funding provides veterinary care, food, new dogs, uniforms, training supplies and maintenance of the kennels and vehicles used to transport the canines and guides. The canine units are used at the newly remodeled kennels located at the International Airport. Four dogs were either euthanized or retired to suitable homes due to age or health concerns.

During the last calendar year, SENAD, DEA, and INL agreed that the canine units would be best used if they were all housed locally and rotated to the outlying offices.

In prior years, canines were assigned for lengthy times to the offices located outside Asuncion, thereby limiting their training time (controlled substances used for training could not legally be possessed outside of the main office). Veterinary visits were sporadic. In addition, the move to centralize the canine unit has resulted in better oversight by SENAD and INL, and verifiable
increased successes.

The canine unit still relies heavily on local law enforcement personnel (SENAD) to obtain necessary search warrants to search bags at the airport and during routine roadblocks. The unit has had substantial success at the International airport located in Asuncion and on buses traveling through the northern part of the country.

Communications Equipment

All communications equipment was accounted for and most is in good condition. Several items could not be repaired because parts are not available or usable parts in other equipment had already been appropriated. Several items ordered in CY-2001 arrived at post in CY-2002 and are scheduled to be installed in 2003. Some communications equipment is now inoperable. Efforts are being made to determine if parts from the inoperable or irreparable radios can be used for service or replacement on similar equipment.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The office and computer equipment are in good to excellent condition, except
for the following items which are in fair condition: desk computers (2), refrigerator, filing cabinet, desk and two printers (inoperable).

Impact

All INL purchases go to support the SENAD, DOA, and the FAU. The communications equipment, vehicles, and canine program are aimed at bolstering the interdiction effort. The bulk of INL's assistance goes toward augmenting the SENAD's operational capability. The SENAD has succeeded in restructuring its field operations and opening several outlying offices. The FAU, which monitors suspicious activities reports, has been commissioned to thee Attorney General's Office to improve cooperation between Paraguayan agencies and strengthen money-laundering investigations.

BOGOTA

Procedures

The NAS held regular working meetings with CNP Anti-narcotics Division (DIRAN) administrative, operations, intelligence, and air service officers to discuss the status of all assets provided in support of counternarcotics programs. The NAS compared CNP and GOC written and computerized sources with its own records to assess resource status. In addition to NAS American contractor personnel, a Foreign Service Officer (FSO) and three NAS Foreign Service Nationals (FSN) reviewed and implemented necessary monitoring procedures. Seven other NAS FSN voucher examiners analyzed purchase documents for all items bought from USG-funded accounts. NAS personnel worked closely with the GOC EUM officials. To use counternarcotics assets for other types of missions, the CNP had to receive embassy authorization. The NAS, CNP, and the contractors performed an exhaustive inventory of aircraft parts and equipment at three CNP Air bases in July. The results showed virtually no discrepancies or evidence of pilferage or misuse. NAS logistics advisers regularly updated inventories. A GAO team reviewed counternarcotics assistance to Colombia at post in August.

Aircraft-The CNP Air Service, in conjunction with three aviation advisors, provides daily reports on the status of all USG-provided aircraft. Vigilance was maintained on availability and operational use to ensure subject aircraft were actually employed in counternarcotics missions. Spare and repair part inventories were closely monitored to ensure proper utilization. NAS aviation fuel program procedures were in place to monitor purchases, deliveries, and use of fuel in all subject bases and commercial airports.

Construction-NAS PSC advisors and three FSN staff members monitored all counternarcotics-related construction projects from development to completion and delivery to CNP end users, ensuring counterparts used facilities as intended.

Vehicles-The CNP continued its standard operating procedure of having each base report quarterly on the status of vehicles assigned to it. Preventive maintenance was performed by CNP mechanics in the Bogota motor pool in accordance with the logbook maintained on each vehicle. Purchases of repair parts and major maintenance requirements were handled per procurement instructions outlined in joint procedures developed between the CNP and the NAS. Fuel purchases were handled using the same procedures as in previous years, but with tighter controls to prevent waste. The fuel quota per car remained at three gallons per day for most vehicles. NAS voucher examiners closely monitored invoices to ensure proper controls were in place. The NAS inventoried CNP vehicles in March and October, inspecting, photographing, and reconciling information on each vehicle. CNP mechanics in Bogota maintained each vehicle according to the corresponding log book.

Communications Equipment-The CNP managed and monitored this equipment, reporting the status to the NAS upon request. The NAS hired a permanent communications PSC advisor in May 2001 to help the CNP conduct ongoing programs; identify new requirements; and monitor program implementation.

Weapons-The CNP maintained strict controls on the distribution and use of USG-provided weapons under security assistance programs. Two NAS PSC advisors assisted the CNP with weapons EUM. A USG weapons MTT and the NAS monitors visited all DIRAN counternarcotics bases to conduct a 100% serial number inventory of all available weapons; train CNP personnel in weapons repair and maintenance; reconcile differences between NAS-delivered weapons and CNP inventory records; and update the status of existing USG-provided weapons.

Defense Articles-The NAS held regular meetings with COLMIL, COLAR, and COLAF administrative, operations, and intelligence officers to discuss the nature of USG-provided assets, such as those from Foreign Military Sales (FMS), 506A emergency Presidential Determination, and excess defense property. The military services continue to provide complete access to End Use Monitoring material upon request. The MILGP was unable to accomplish substantial EUM inspections, due to personnel transitions, limited staffing and high operational and security assistance operations tempo. The MILGP continues to use its military-to military relations to strengthen human rights observance by the Colombian Military Forces and to use other personnel resources, i.e., unit exchanges, U.S. students in Colombia schools for wider confirmation on the use of EUM materials

Status

Aircraft

The U.S. delivered six UH-1H II (Huey II) helicopters to the CNP in March-April for the Air Service (ARAVI) program. The eight UH-60 Blackhawks and 29 Huey II helicopters averaged better than 75 percent mission capable rate in CY-2002.

The NAS placed a CNP-owned T-65 Turbo Thrush that the CNP could not afford to maintain under INL's Air Wing contract with CNP consent. INL approved a NAS request to take operational control of a Beech C-99 airplane that CNP no longer needed or could afford to maintain. The CNP also returned a King 300 airplane to the fleet. Five Bell 206L3 helicopters and four Cessna 206G airplanes, removed from the fleet in CY-2001, received renewed NAS support for CNP training purposes in CY-2002. However, one 206L3 crashed. The CY-1999 narcotics control LOA called for removing three Cessna 152 airplanes in CY-2000 and two Cessna 208 airplanes in 2001 from the USG-supported CNP fleet, but subsequent NAS/CNP decisions required the former for training new CNP pilots and the latter for carrying CNP personnel and performing medevac duties. The CNP converted two UH-1H helicopters to Huey II status during the reporting year, leaving no UH-1H helicopters in the CNP Air Service. The NAS removed a MD 530F airplane from the fleet after it crashed in October 2001.

CNP Aircraft

Helicopters
Fixed wing
One Hughes 500D
Two Twin Otter
Three Bell 206B
Four Cessna 206G
FourBell 206L
Three DC-3
Twelve Bell 212
One King 300
One Hughes 530F
Two C-26A & C-26B
Twenty-nine Bell Huey II
Three Cessna 152
Eight UH-60L
Three Cessna 208

One Beech Craft C-99


The NAS transferred four UH-1H helicopters from the COLAR Plan Colombia fleet to the eradication fleet in order to maintain a necessary minimum of eight UH-1Ns in the latter. Eight Huey II's arrived in country.

The NAS supported eradication aircraft included 12 helicopters and 21 airplanes at the end of CY-2002. NAS/CNP destroyed a USG-donated UH-1N helicopter hit by guerrilla fire in January when it couldn't be removed from the impact area because of a strong guerrilla presence. A USG-owned and maintained OV-10D spray aircraft crashed in March while on an aerial mission near Larandia, Caqueta, killing the Air Wing contractor pilot. The NAS transferred the last two UH-1H helicopters in the eradication fleet to NAS/Lima in March to join UN-1H operations there. The NAS added five airplanes, including an OV-10D Bronco, a T-65 Turbo thrush, and four AT802 air tractors, to the NAS fleet. Daily reports on aircraft status and close accounting of spare parts ensure proper utilization. The NAS monitored purchases, deliveries and use of aviation fuel at all CNP eradication bases and commercial airports.

NAS operated Aircraft

Helicopters
Fixed wing
Fourteen UH-60 (COLAR)
Four Ayers T-65 & AT-802
Twelve UH-1N (eradication)
One Cessna 208
Twenty-eight UH-1N (COLAR)
Two C-27A
Twenty-five Huey II
Ten OV-10



An Air Wing contractor camera specialist (Panamanian citizen) died when he accidentally walked into a rotating OV-10D airplane propeller during an eradication mission refueling operation at a Putumayo CNP base in August.

Aviation Fuel

OIG Inspections-The Office of the Inspector General reviewed the controls over the aviation fuel used in the Colombian counternarcotics program in September 2000. The results are as follows:

(1)The OIG recommended that Embassy Bogotá's NAS maintain summary records of the dollar value, quantity, and delivery location of aviation fuel purchased for the CNP. The NAS sent copies of summary records of aviation fuel quantities delivered to each CNP installation to INL in January in compliance with the OIG recommendation. If the documentation procedures outlined by the NAS were not followed, the CNP did not receive a reimbursement for fuel. The OIG considered this recommendation resolved/closed in CY-2002.

(2)The OIG recommended that the NAS request the CNP produce regular reports that compare the gallons of fuel dispensed to the actual flight hours of each aircraft type. The CNP began maintaining summary records of the fuel quantity dispensed by gallons to each type of aircraft within the CNP. The NAS ARAVI logistics adviser maintained copies of these records. The NAS forwarded additional copies to INL in January in compliance with the OIG recommendation. The OIG considered this recommendation resolved/closed in CY-2002.

(3)The OIG recommended that the NAS request that the CNP regularly test the calibration of all fuel pumps and meters. A MTT trained the CNP in July-August to calibrate fuel pumps and maintain such calibrations for meter readings. The OIG considered this recommendation resolved in CY-2002.

(4)The OIG recommended that the NAS request the CNP properly secure all fueling locations to prevent misuse of aviation fuel. The CNP secured all fuel devises to prevent unauthorized use or vandalism and added more fuel handlers to secure and protect fueling locations. The MTT gave CNP fuel handlers valuable instruction on how to prevent fuel misuse. The OIG considered this recommendation resolved in CY-2002.

Construction

The NAS sponsored and oversaw the following construction projects to improve CNP base security and better utilization of resources in CY-2002:

Location
Primary works
Status
(Percent completed)

San Jose
del Guaviare

Electrical upgrades
Sewage treatment plant
Temporary repair of runway
Design of apron and runway
Install pre-fab barracks
100%
100%
100%
100%
85%
Valedupar
CNP sewage system
100%
Larandia
UH-1N project improvements
Water/electric for new hangar
NAS eradication improvements
Construct antenna control bldg
Construct NAS house/office
Extension of army barracks
Containers ops. Office complex
Aircraft parking ramp repairs
Remodel police post
Construct pre-fab hangar
Remodel containers for ALSE
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Tolemaida
Install UH-1N commo. antenna
Ammo storage containers
Repair C-27 hangar ramp
Remodel COLAR ops. Area complex
Erection of pre-fab hangar
CNP security fence upgrades
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Bogota
Remodeling of NAS warehouse
CNP/DEA off. upgrades/furniture
New CNP hanger off. equipment
NAS eradication office upgrades
Bella Suiza CNP off. upgrades
El Dorado/NAS cust. off. work
NAS/DynCorp off. Improvements
El Dorado hanger and ramp
El Dorado parking and lighting
El Dorado electrical upgrades
El Dorado computer installations
NAS warehouse guard facilities
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
Valla Garzon
Remodel, transport and install
Seven containers for housing
100%
Tulua
Install CNP-Aravi off. Equipment
100%
Santa Ana
Build combustibles storage area
100%


Vehicles

Two hundred seventy-two (272) NAS-supplied vehicles were used for official CNP purposes (transportation of personnel and supplies within Bogota and to CNP bases and FOLS) in CY-2002.

A breakdown of the condition of the CNP vehicles indicates that of the 272 vehicles, 160 are in service; 55 are out-of- service; and 57 have reached the end of their useful life and are pending disposal. Most of the vehicles were manufactured prior to 1994. Considering the deplorable road conditions throughout most of Colombia, especially outside of the major cities where significant counternarcotics activities often take place, it is clear why many older models remain out-of-service and need to be replaced.

Sixty-nine (69) INL-purchased vehicles were given by DEA to host country counterpart agencies for counternarcotics programs with the following agencies: Security Administration Department (DAS), Judicial Police Central Directorate (DIJIN); CNP Anti-narcotics Units (ANTIN), Special Investigative Units (SIU), Heroin Task Force (HTF), and the Attorney General's Technical Investigations Unit (CTI). They are dispersed throughout Colombia including Bogota, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartegena, and Medillin.

Most of the vehicles are in good condition. DEA removed two from its fleet in CY-2002. A Renault sedan used by the SIU in Cali was destroyed by members of the urban FARC Militia upon learning the identities of the two DAS investigators using it for surveillance. An Isuzu Rodeo used by the SIU in Bogota was stolen while being transported by trailer from Cartagena to Bogota.

No reported incidents involving the misuse of NAS-donated vehicles arose in CY-2002.

Communications Equipment

The NAS purchased new communications equipment under Plan Colombia in CY-2001 for the essential part of CNP counternarcotics activities. The NAS hired a communications and weapons PSC advisor in May 2001 to work closely with the CNP to determine the proper balance between newer and older, easier-to-use technology to provide the CNP with the most practical mix of communications equipment. The wide variety of communications equipment used by the DIRAN was distributed among bases and mobile units throughout the country.

A crew of eight DIRAN technicians performed all in-house maintenance and repair of DIRAN communications equipment in one of the CNP warehouses. The CNP added two more technicians in CY-2002 to meet increasing maintenance and repair demands. Damaged equipment was returned to original manufacturers and suppliers for repair. The DIRAN used a wide variety of communications equipment at bases and mobile units throughout the country, reporting the status to NAS upon request.

The CNP gave the NAS a detailed 38-page inventory of USG-supplied communications equipment. NAS advisers and EUM personnel checked the list for discrepancies, but found no major problems. The list served as the basis for NAS spot checks and more extensive reviews in 2002.

DEA provided the NAS with a detailed 14-page inventory containing 299 pieces of USG-supplied communications equipment and other related major items, such as computers, digital cameras, printers, photocopiers, etc. NAS advisers and EUM personnel checked the list but found no major problems. The DIRAN uses a wide variety of communications equipment that is distributed among the bases and mobile units throughout the country. A majority of the radio equipment was physically inspected by NAS officers and INL TDY personnel.

The following U.S.-supplied radio communications equipment purchased in CY-2001 was delivered to the CNP: 400 Motorola radios (XTS-3000R); 20 Motorola radios (Spectra); 12 Tadiran radios (PRC-730G); 10 Tadiran radios (PRC-745); 10 Tadiran radios (VRC-745); 3 radio sets (PRC-104); 20 Motorola encryptor (KVL-3000); 2 Motorola portable repeater (P1821AX); 8 Quantar fixed repeaters; 9 Ericsson Satellite telephones (portable); 5 Ericsson satellite telephones (fixed); 1 Iridium telephone (satellite); 32 TCC secure telephones (CSD-3324E).

The SIU and Andean initiative programs use a wide variety of communications Equipment, i.e., interceptors, radios, recorders, etc. in locations throughout Colombia. DEA agents work closely with the GOC units that receive this equipment to ensure that it is used properly.

Computer Equipment

The CNP continued to use NAS donated automated data processing equipment in their various divisions throughout the country for property inventory control, aerial reconnaissance data collection and storage, human resources and training management, and production of their own internal publications and standard operating procedures. They maintain accurate inventory records of computers issued to different organizations and bases. The CNP computer equipment inventory was separated by the account from which it was purchased, making it easier to track and perform EUM on USG-funded items.

There are 200 computers, 26 printers, and 6 scanners located in the police DIRAN headquarters; Guaymaral; and DIRAN administrative section. Laptop computers are being used by officers assigned to administrative and intelligence positions.

Computer equipment, including 75 printers were given to the DEA for use by the Special Investigative Units (SIU's). Three Dell Dimension XP266 units had bad power supplies. DEA tried to obtain power supplies for them rather than dispose of them.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The following USG-supplied equipment was received by the SIU and Andean Initiative program and is used at various sites: air conditioner, generator, microwave oven, gas stove, refrigerator, vacuum cleaner, water heater, television, VCR, calculator, night vision scope, binoculars, fingerprint kit, contraband detection system, compass.

The SIU and Andean Initiative programs also use photographic equipment for surveillance and other law enforcement activities. The equipment includes digital and Polaroid cameras, slide projectors, and video cameras.

Human Rights

No allegations of serious humans rights violations on the part of any counternarcotics counterpart personnel arose during 2002. Post thoroughly evaluated all CNP/DIRAN and COLMIL personnel attending DOD or USG financed commercial training.

Post human rights officer and all mission entities responsible for providing assistance to Colombian security forces have established inter-agency procedures enabling them to track the provision of USG funding to units of Colombian security forces. Post had established vetting procedures in place in CY-2002 to determine the eligibility of any GOC security forces that sought USG assistance for counternarcotics purposes. These procedures required a confirmation from the GOC's Office of the Inspector General (Procuraduria) and the Office of the Prosecutor General (Fiscalia) that there were no investigations for grave human rights violations pending against any individual belonging to the unit or units in question. Post then correlated this data with its own to ensure that no such assistance was provided to any unit of the Colombian Security Forces that, according to credible evidence, had committed gross violations of human rights.

Weapons

The CNP maintained strict controls in the distribution and use of USG-provided weapons under security assistance programs. Three NAS PSC advisors assisted the CNP with weapons EUM. One of these, the UH-60L maintenance advisor, also served as a weapons advisor for the CNP air operation weapons programs.

Defense Articles

The Colombian Navy (COLNAV) and Coast Guard (COLCG) continued conducting maritime counternarcotics surveillance and interdiction operations. Meanwhile, the Colombian Marines (COLMAR) expanded their execution of Riverine counternarcotics operations.

COLNAV-The COLNAV continues to provide the required budgetary and personnel support not only to the Navy but to the Marines and Coast Guard as well. COLNAV operations center around its four light frigates and two oceanic submarines which are supported by two multi-purpose replenishment ships. The COLNAV maintains a presence along the coast, at sea and within the harbors conducting counterdrug operations in conjunction with its other mission. The COLNAV conducts counternarcotics patrolling along its Atlantic and pacific coasts as well as throughout the San Andres Island chain. Unilateral counter-drug patrols are conducted under plan Barracuda, for surface ships, and plan Periscope for submarines. COLNAV maintains a ship at San Andres due to is location as a terminus for drug shipments. The COLNAV has been very responsive to official requests for support for counternarcotics operations despite a decreased budget in FY-02 and a devaluation of the Colombian peso.

Three mini-armored transport carriers arrived in Colombia at the end of CY-2002. COLNAV acquired a Cessna 208 using DOS/INL funds to support the Andean Region Initiative. The plane is expected to arrive in late 2003.

COLCG-The COLCG conducts daily and nightly counter drug patrols and operations at each of its locations at Cartegena, Buenaventura, Turbo, and San Andres. Routine maritime patrols are being conducted in the vicinity of Cartegena, Turbo (Gulf of Uraba), San Andres, Gulf of Morrosquillo, and Buenaventura. The COLCG is the Colombian Army dedicated to maritime counternarcotics operations focusing on mothership and go-fast smuggling techniques. Routine and planned operations are conducted into high threat regions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and San Andres Islands.

COLMAR-The COLMAR is tasked with conducting amphibious and land operations for the purpose of maintaining national sovereignty and public order within its assigned areas of responsibility. The Riverine forces are tasked with security of the rivers along the borders and interior of the country. The mission of the Riverine forces is to guarantee free navigation to all legitimate river traffic and assist in the maintenance of public order. Fifteen of the 18 Riverine Combat Elements (RCES) are equipped with boats provided from FMS cases specifically to conduct counterdrug operations. The RCES have provided the Government of Colombia the ability of extending its control into rural areas, reinforcing the legitimacy of the Government.

COLMAR Riverine forces use USG supplied equipment primarily for counterdrug operations. The COLMAR Riverine forces conducted daily river patrols and waterborne checkpoints during the high water operating season. The most noted limiting factor to Riverine counterdrug operations is the water level, which drops substantially during the dry season throughout Colombia's extensive river system. The dry season leaves small river estuaries completely inaccessible to the 22' Piranha. The larger rivers are dangerously low limiting navigation and increasing the number of possible ambush sites.

COLMAR equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 include 22-foot Piranha-type craft (45); 22-foot Boston Whalers (2); 31-foot patrol boats (6); and patrol craft Riverine boats (3).

COLMAR Riverine forces conducted daily river patrols and waterborne check points during the high water operating season (April to November) as well as a permanent 24 hr per day static check point in front of their docking facilities. All USG-provided materials are well maintained and fully operational.

COLNAV and COLCG equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 consists of: PB MK3 boat; (8) LCU boat; (20) Mako 27 foot BOA; (18) Zodiac boats; (60) 9mm pistols; (208) grenade launchers; (80) .50 Cal M; (157) M60 M; (1) LCM 8 BOA; (4) LCM 6 BOA; (22) M35A2 2.5 ton trucks; (14) MA1 Jeeps; (30) 1 ¼ ton trucks; (5) PBR MK2 boats; (4) LCPL boats; (22) M35A 2.5 ton trucks; (14) MA1 Jeeps; (30) 1¼ ton trucks; (5) PBR MK2 boats; (4) LCPL boats; (4) point class boats.

In 2001, funded by the Plan Colombia Supplemental, the U.S. Government provided the Colombian Military fourteen (14) UH-60L helicopters and 17 UH-1H helicopters to support counternarcotics operations. The UH-1H are part of the Initial Entry Rotary Wing (IERW) school that is training COLAR pilots. The UH-60's are being operated in transition, upgrade and tactical training for COLAR pilots. Up to 25 UH-1H's were delivered in CY-2002 to provide additional lift for the COLAR counternarcotics brigade alongside the 14 UH-60's provided under Plan Colombia. Plan Colombia funds were also used to outfit and sustain the Colombian Army (COLAR) counternarcotics brigade. In addition, Plan Colombia funded the modernization of the Colombian Air Force (COLAF) OV-10 fleet; however, this modernization is still in progress at Marsh Aviation in Arizona.

COLAR equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 consists of: (24) M19 MTRS, spare parts: (136) HMMWV; (26) 5 ton trucks; (426) M16A2 rifles; (56) M249 SAW; (2020) M9 pistols; (1220) M60E3 MG; (225) shotguns; (77) PRC 77 radio; (169) AN PVS-5; (41) TA 312 phones; (225) AN/PSN10 GPS units; ammunition; field gear; flak jackets; uniforms.

COLAF-The COLAF supported all phases of counternarcotics operations in 2002. It operates the Air Defense Center, which monitors all aircraft in Colombian airspace. This center is connected via data link to the JIATF-E regional operations center. Therefore, all U.S. surveillance and radars in Colombia feed data to the Air Defense Center. This data is used to identify aircraft in the Colombian area of responsibility. Currently, the USAF Air Combat Command, through contracts managed by USAF electronic systems command, supports all ground-based radars, including the Tres Esquinas ground-based radar and peace Panorama 2 Command and Control System. End Use Monitoring consists of U.S. technicians on each site, who provide the Air Force Mission weekly situation reports.

Major defense equipment includes the following: C-130 (7); A-37B (13); OV-10 (10); C-26 (2); AC-47 (5); B212 (14); B412 (2); Huey II (10); H500 (10); UH-1H (8); and UH-60 (18) aircraft.

The COLAF purchased 7 armed UH-60L helicopters via FMS in 2002. USMILGP continues to work on the FMS case to integrate the Elbit weapon system with the UH-60. All helicopters will be equipped with the Elbit weapon system by mid 2003. Additional modifications are being made to include installation of floor and door armor, advanced weather radars and chaff/flare dispensers. The COLAF previously received 17 UH-1H aircraft (14 shipped from Killeen TX and 3 prior owned by CNP) under Plan Colombia. These aircraft make up the IERW school in Melgar. The school is manned by COLAF pilots and trained COLAR pilots.

Fuerza Aerea de Colombia -The data analysis of COLAF counternarcotics operations continue to indicate good operational success despite limitations in logistical and training support to an aging A-37 air interdiction fleet, as well as a willingness to commit to whatever resources are available for a successful endgame. This is attributed to effective integration of peace panorama ground based radar systems and air interdiction assets. The COLAF leadership continues to demonstrate a strong commitment toward the counternarcotics efforts and the EUM program compliance.

The consolidated results counternarcotics results for 2002 include data from the COLAF, COLAR and COLNAV:

Activity
Results
Destroyed coca labs
244
Destroyed HCL labs
63
Pure cocaine seized
60.116 KG
Coca bases seized
9,100 KG
Precursor liquids seized
2,821,941 GAL
Precusor solids seized
423,893 KG


Human Rights Training-The COLAR has implemented a vigorous human rights training program that is a “top to bottom” approach. The COLAR now has a human rights officer (inspector general) who oversees an army level human rights office. Human rights offices are now located at every level of major command down to the battalion. Those officers are required to attend COLAR level HR meetings; meet with and coordinate with local HR/NGO’s activities; develop long-term training plans; conduct basic entry level, advanced level, and systemic re-training. All students selected to participate in U.S.-sponsored training are first screened and certified by the GOC for HR violations. The COLAR, in conjunction with the joint command, has taken the bull by the horns in clearly understanding and implementing human rights advancement and full compliance with U.S-Colombian HR accords.

Impact

The USG spayed 130,363 hectares (raw number) of coca in CY-2002, compared to the previous year's record of 94,127 hectares, and 3,371 hectares of opium poppy, compared to the CY-2001 total of 1,846 hectares. CY-2002 totals are all the more impressive considering such obstacles as the shut-down of the NAS Colombian Army helicopter program because of human rights certification requirements, legislative restrictions on post's ability to purchase herbicide, the Pastrana administration's lukewarm attitude toward the spray program, the diversion of spray resources in the aftermath of the abolishment of the zone de despeje (guerrilla safe zone), and apparent foot dragging by the CNP on a number of operational issues.

The spray program remained dangerous in 2002 as USG-provided aircraft received 194 hits from ground fire in 178 separate incidents.

USG-provided funding and equipment for the various Colombian law enforcement agencies working with the DEA has increased significantly their ability to conduct counternarcotics investigations. This is evidence by the greater number of suspected narcotics traffickers arrested for subsequent extradition to the United States.

The fielding of all 14 Plan Colombia UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters added substantial force to the CD brigade and to NAS efforts against narco-terrorists in southern Colombia

The Colombian Armed Forces has significantly contributed to the war on drugs. They have taken an active role in drug interdiction, the destruction of drug laboratories, and precursor chemicals. Continuing negotiations with the guerrillas demonstrate Colombia's and the Colombian military's commitment to work toward peace. The guerilla ties to narcotraffickers continue to be strong and provide the guerrillas significant funds. Nonetheless, the arrival of the supplemental for Colombia has raised the hopes of the people and the military. This will improve Colombia's ability to eliminate the narcotics trade that threatens both the U.S. and Colombia.

Problems

Aerial Spray Operations

A GOC decree in early CY-2002 limited USG aerial spray operations to a concentration of eight liters of Glyphosate per hectare in eradicating coca. Due to the decreased efficiency of this dose, NAS lobbied for a return to the concentration of 10.4 liters of Glyphosate per hectare that the spray program used successfully and safely for years. The new Uribe administration provided a temporary fix in August by issuing permission for the use of the 10.4 liters concentration in the key departments of Caqueta and Putumayo. Further NAS urging resulted in GOC approval to use the more effective concentration throughout the country. The GOC and NAS recognized two viable complaints in CY-2002 from farmers who filed claims saying their legal crops had been damaged by aerial eradication. NAS gave the GOC $3,500 for payment to a farmer who lost a portion of his coffee crop during poppy eradication, and $8,600 to another farmer who claimed spray operations damaged two hectares of African palm trees.

Aircraft

A COLAR UH-1N helicopter suffered a fatal crash during a MEDEVAC mission in bad weather about 30 miles southwest of Larandia, Calcutta in August. The six aboard were killed, including the Air Wing contractor.

A USG-owned and maintained Huey II helicopter suffered a fatal crash near Armenia, Quindio, in October. A bilateral investigation board determined that inadvertent instrument flight conditions resulted in controlled flight into a mountain. A second US-provided CNP Huey II received severe damage the same month from an explosive device as it landed near Gaitania, Tolma. It later plummeted 1,500 feet to the ground when the sling broke on a commercial helicopter hauling it to a CNP base. An investigation determined that the CNP used the helicopter to conduct a routine personnel rotation unrelated to counternarcotics activities without NAS knowledge or authorization. NAS officially informed the GOC that this violated the terms of the LOA.

For a brief time, Huey II helicopters experienced down time due to engine failures. The NAS had some engines repaired under warranty; others fixed locally. Bell Helicopter and its subcontractors were very responsive and quickly corrected the problems. The CPN do not always adequately maintain equipment. The NAS trained the CNP elements on proper maintenance procedures and informed commanding officers of the importance of properly maintaining USG-provided infrastructure.

Diversion of Funds

NAS auditors uncovered anomalies that led to the detection of widespread diversion of operational funds in the USG-reimbursed CNP Legajos account. The NAS eliminated the account in April and undertook purchasing formerly done by the CNP.

Storage of Seized Explosives

The CNP accidentally destroyed two CNP stations in CY-2002 due to improper handling and storage of seized explosives. ATF planned to use additional funding in CY-2003 to provide a two-week, large-scale explosives course at the ATF explosives academy to train up to 24 Colombian EOD technicians in proper handling and disposing of explosives.

Program Changes

Aircraft downtime

The CNP adopted NAS-proposed U.S. military procedures to amend the CNP cannibalization policy that had prohibited some aircraft from returning to the flight line while awaiting spare parts on order. Under new ground rules, if an aircraft is down for a significant period of time for maintenance, a part can be removed to make another CNP aircraft mission capable. However, a replacement part for the cannibalized item has to be immediately ordered and each instance of cannibalization had to be approved in writing by a control officer, logistics adviser, and maintenance adviser.

Military Inspections

For the first time in August, the NAS staffed its non-aviation COLMIL programs to allow it to conduct EUM of weapons, uniforms and associated items provided to COLMIL units, in particular the CD brigade. In the last quarter of CY-2002, a NAS FSO and PSC consulted extensively with COLAR officials and made regular visits to the field to ensure that the CD brigade was adequately supplied and that proper operational use was being made of all INL-provided equipment.

Helicopter Transfer

NAS formally transferred four UH-1H helicopters from the COLAR program to the CNP eradication program to replace as many of the same aircraft with serious mechanical problems. The transfer was determined to be the best solution because the COLAR objected to having its helicopters used by the CNP. The NAS normally operates eight UH-1N helicopters in support of the Colombia spray program. This transfer left the COLAR with 28 UH-1N helicopters.

BRASILIA

Procedures

Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the Federal Police and its Drug Enforcement Division (DPF/DRE) to allow close monitoring of donated materiel. DPF/DRE maintains detailed and up-to-date inventories of all assets donated by the USG and submits monthly reports of accounts, including receipts, to the NAS. The NAS and other USG personnel conducted on-site inspections and spot checks of the location, condition, and use of the commodities, particularly motorboats, during 2002.

Status

Vessels

The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. It is currently in the water at Praca 15 de Novembro (Rio de Janeiro’s city port), where it was visited by the NAS in October 2002. Although the boat is functional, it is leaking oil and there is a shortage of spare parts. The DPF installed GPS/VHS equipment, as well as a depth finder and a police siren. It is used exclusively in harbor patrol crime prevention activities.

According to NAS and DPF/DRE records, there are currently twelve donated Boston Whalers in Brazil. They are assigned to Belem (4), Manaus (4), Tabatinga (1), Porto Velho (1), Guajara-Mirim (1), and Foz de Iguacu, Parana (1). During October, November, and December of 2002, eleven of the Boston Whalers were visited by USG personnel.

DEA visited Belem in October 2002 and viewed the four Boston Whaler boats posted to Belem (Comandante Sposito, Comandante Pimentel, Piranha, and Piranha 1). Two of the boats (Piranha 1 and Pimentel) are operational;, appeared to be in good working order; and were observed in the water. The other two boats (Sposito and Piranha) are not operational and are in need of new engines. They are being used for parts. The hulls on the two non-operational craft appear functional, but would require work before being placed into service. Three of the four trailers are in usable condition. The fourth trailer presented signs of oxidation and will need some work before being in usable condition.

In Manaus (4), Tabatinga (1), Porto Velho (1) and Guajara-Mirim (1), the boats continue to be problematic, and require a great deal of upkeep and maintenance. As diesel fuel is more economical and more widely available in Northern Brazil and diesel engines are simpler and easier to fix and obtain parts, the federal police are interested in possibly using diesel engines. The police mentioned that occasionally they use craft other than the Boston Whalers for fuel economy reasons. The DPF has also expressed interest in having radar, depth finders, and GPS for the Boston Whalers. The floating dock in Manaus is fully operational.

The NAS visited Foz do Iguacu, Parana, in October. The Boston Whaler and the trailer are in good condition. The original Johnson motors were replaced in 1998 by two Suzuki 200 HP EFI motors that are considered more economical and better suited for the type of patrolling operations conducted at Lake Itaipu. In September, in an antidrugs/anticontraband operation on Lake Itaipu, the motors had a mechanical problem when water mixed with dirt entered the mechanical workings. According to the DPF, resources have already been allocated to fix the motors and obtain new parts. The motors should be operational by November. The NAS viewed the boat and motors in dry dock in October and the external condition of the boat appears good. The boat is used on routine Brazil-Paraguay border missions on the one-hundred mile long lake Itaipu, on the border between Brazil and Paraguay.

Vehicles

In Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, the 1998 Ford passenger club wagon donated to the Brazilian Community Association of Parents for the Prevention of Drug Abuse is suffering from a lack of available parts and expensive maintenance and operation costs. In late 2002, permission was granted by the NAS to the director of the association to auction the wagon and use the proceeds for demand reduction activities by the Association.

Detector Dogs

The main kennel in Brasilia needs new aluminum bars for the cages (as the old ones have rusted) as well as exercise and training facilities for the dogs. The NAS is working closely with the Police to ensure that the kennel is appropriately updated and maintained.

Computer Equipment

In 2002, basic computer equipment, including monitors, CPU's, printers, webcams, keyboards, speakers, and UPS, were provided by the NAS through SENAD (the Brazilian Antidrug Secretariat) for use by the 26 Brazilian State Drug Councils (CONENS) as well as a connecting unit for SENAD and the CONEN of the Federal District. In October, November, and December of 2002, the NAS staff visited 12 CONENS. All of the equipment was observed in use and functional, creating an “Antidrug informational network” connecting the state Drug Councils with SENAD in Brasilia.

Miscellaneous Equipment

On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counternarcotics operations. Other donated equipment, including transformers, and bulletproof vests, are also used regularly. Most of the equipment is held in Brasilia and shipped around Brazil as needed for operations. Careful computerized inventory control of this equipment is maintained.

In 2002, through the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat (SENASP), the NAS provided basic law enforcement equipment including computer equipment, narcotics kits, flashlights, first aid kits, CPR masks, life vests stearns, night vision goggles, handcuffs, gun cabinets, bolt cutters and bullet proof vests to several Brazilian State Police. Additional equipment was provided to Macapa, Porto Velho, Manaus, and Belem.

In Brasilia, the bulletproof vests and cameras have been distributed throughout Brazil for use in law enforcement activities. The recorders were in regular use. The multimedia projector was still in use, although it is in urgent need of spare parts. Two computers for use in Amazonas were operational. The battery chargers for the radios were still being used. The fax was operational and four blockers for long-distance calls were still in use.

Problems

The sheer size of Brazil and its difficult physical, climactic and infrastructure conditions present a unique challenge to the understaffed and under funded federal counternarcotics police. This same vastness makes EUM of donated equipment difficult, time-consuming and expensive. The NAS is composed of one U.S. officer and two FSN's. Through careful use of limited travel funds, assistance from DEA agents as they travel about the country and receive help from our three consulates, the NAS was able to check a sizable representative sample of equipment in a wide variety of places in the country. The DRE in Brasilia is trying to maximize the use of this equipment through a centralized inventory and warehouse operation which sends equipment where and when needed and brings it back to the central headquarters in Brasilia. Although the system, particularly the computerized inventory controls, seems to function adequately, regional superintendents are unhappy about not having direct control over the equipment.

Despite the centralized inventory and just-in-time delivery of equipment to where it is needed for a particular operation, the need for more support for police field offices is clear. This is particularly obvious in operations requiring rapid reaction where there is insufficient time to ship equipment from Brasilia. On those occasions, the regional DPF makes do with what they have or what they can borrow from other government institutions. The NAS will study the regional situation more thoroughly in 2003 and make every effort to provide support, whether equipment, training or funding for operations. The NAS will also ensure that assistance is distributed where it is needed most and will be best used.

The NAS has and will continue to work closely with DRF/DRE officials in identifying those programs and operations most likely to give the best results. The dialog with DRE officials has been open and appears to be improving. Disagreements over resource allocations are resolved on a case-by-case basis. Overall, program accountability remains acceptable nationally and very good in Brasilia.

The addition of SENAD and SENASP to the EUM requirements in place of the Federal Police has added a new challenge to the EUM exercise, which post will continue to perform. The NAS will continue to consult with DPF, SENAD, and SENASP headquarters in Brasilia, as well as with operational representatives in the field to ascertain what resources and other support is needed. The NAS will endeavor to strike a balance between operational support, such as funding for equipment maintenance and police operational costs, and infrastructure-building assistance in such areas as equipment acquisition and training.

BUENOS AIRES

Procedures

Embassy officials, primarily DEA officers and the Narcotics Affairs Coordinator, take advantage of periodic visits to the provinces and to Buenos Aires-based agencies to assess appropriate use of INL-funded equipment. In addition, trusted law enforcement officials provide post with periodic reports on equipment use. Post has requested that receiving agencies provide a status report on the equipment, although compliance has been sporadic at best. Post has also found that maintenance requests for previously provided equipment give a good indication of where that equipment is currently located and how it is being used. Post believes that this system of overlapping verification methods presents post with an accurate end-use appraisal.

Status

Dogs

DEA reports that on recent visits its agents observed that the two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) are healthy and being proper cared for. The original two have been joined by six more who were either purchased or bred locally. The total force of eight dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals. The dogs and their trainers would benefit from USG-provided training.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them.

Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC)

A lack of funding to operate and maintain the Joint Intelligence Communications Center (JICC), combined with unwillingness on the part of other Government of Argentina (GOA) agencies to share information with its current custodian, the National Drug Secretariat (SEDRONAR), has made it a non-working system. Post has argued that the JICC would be more effective if placed under the control of a law enforcement entity. Post believes that this will make the other GOA law enforcement agencies more willing to share information between themselves and the USG, using the JICC as a medium. However, based on the age of the equipment, provided in 1991, with software last updated in 2000, it would take a considerable investment in new hardware and software to bring the JICC back on line, regardless of which GOA agency is responsible for it.

Communications Equipment

Radio transmitters provided to counterdrug task forces in Salta and Jujuy provinces required routine maintenance and repair. A repeater radio antenna in Mendoza Province had to be moved to improve reception. Post repaired numerous hand-held radios provided to the federal and provincial police throughout Argentina because of wear and tear resulting from routine use under harsh operational and climactic conditions. All other communications equipment is accounted for and functional.

Vehicles

Post provided 20 vehicles to the Argentine Provincial Police Forces in the 1988-93 period. The vehicles are increasingly found out-of-commission due to their age and hard use in rough conditions. Vehicles provided more recently are coming due for fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes.

Problems

One area that must be addressed and resolved is the need for the GOA to sign end-use and retransfer agreements before post can provide more equipment and support. It appears that post is very close to signing the agreement, thereby clearing the way for post to provide more equipment and support.

Impact

While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it has had a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded provincial police anti-drug units. In 2002, the two NBTS's were involved in the seizure of 415.6 kilograms of cocaine and 525,000 liters of precursor chemicals-a 131.25 percent increase over the previous year. Approximately, 32,323 metric tons of coca leaf were interdicted by the NBTF groups. In addition, 53 traffickers were arrested and 46 vehicles were confiscated by the task forces.

The proven success of the NBTF's also encourages post to provide material assistance for Gendarmaria Nacional Counterdrug Unit which continued to operate at Ezeiza International Airport even after the interagency task force was disbanded when the Duhalde government took office in January 2002. The Gendarmaria inherited the equipment post provided to the interagency task before its demise and continues to maintain a strict inventory on that equipment.

CARACAS

Procedures

The NAS used the following procedures to conduct EUM in 2002:

Monthly Reports

Receipt of monthly statistical reports from the National Guard, and the Technical Judicial Police, PTJ, on drug seizures and arrests; receipt of comprehensive reports from the National Anti-Drug Commission (CONACUID).

Periodic Meetings

Periodic meetings with the CONACUID, the Ministry of Justice (MOJ), and the National Guard to discuss planned counternarcotics activities and to evaluate on-going activities.

Field Inspections

Field visits and inspections of the National Guard, PTJ, and Navy units outside of Caracas were made with the assistance of the MILGP and DAO. The NAS performed periodic on-site inspections of the National Guard and the PTJ forensic testing laboratories to determine the condition of the laboratory equipment. The NAS also received status reports from the local representative of the U.S. lab equipment supplier, which provides routine maintenance and repair for donated equipment. The host government cooperated fully and allowed the NAS to effectively monitor donated resources.

Status

Dogs

In 1998, the NAS provided six (6) dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force Lackland AFB canine program personnel. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in the city of Barquisimeto. The NAS and USCG sponsored the TDY assignment of a dog handler to assess and support the canine unit. During 2002, the USCS Canine Center donated two new dogs to the unit. At the same time, the NAS entered into a contract with a local veterinarian to improve the health and nutrition of the neglected animals. The state of health of the dogs quickly improved.

Vehicles

During 2001 and 2002, the NAS provided the Prosecutor 's Drug Task Force (PDTF) with seven motor vehicles and two motorcycles. One sport utility vehicle rolled over in a single car accident and was totaled; another sport utility vehicles that was stolen in early 2002 was later recovered undamaged and is back in use with the task force.

A Ford Festiva sedan, donated to the National Commission Against the Illicit Use of Drugs (CONACUID) is in good condition. This vehicle is assigned to the CONACUID program coordination office.

Vessels

Four of the six Boston Whalers donated by NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 remain operational. They are based in Puerto Ayacucho in the South of Venezuela. The vessels are fully engaged in a Riverine patrol program. A major goal of the program is to interdict narcotics and chemical precursor smuggling on the Orinoco River. The number of Venezuelan maritime counterdrug operations has remained low but relations between the Embassy and the Venezuelan Navy are good.

Computer Equipment

NAS-provided computer workstations and printers are used by the National Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF) in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to the U.S. The NAS provided software and training in 2000 to further improve the capabilities of this center. Relations between the Embassy and SUDEBAN are excellent. The NAS provided five additional computer workstations and printers to upgrade the UNIF in 2002. Relations between the Embassy and SUDEBAN are excellent.

The mini computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States. Relations between the Embassy and the Public Prosecutor's Office are excellent.

The eight computers and four laptops provided to the Prosecutor's Drug Task Force in 2001 continue to be operational and in use by the unit.

The National Guard Anti-drug Command continues to use a NAS-donated computer LAN installed in 1999 as a database and an up-to-date link to other military commands. Two computers and printers donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations.

Laboratory Equipment

The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is overdue for maintenance and repair.

The NAS funded the maintenance and repair of mass spectrometers and other scientific equipment donated to the PTHJ toxicology Laboratory in previous years that was much in need of repair.

The two Mosler safes donated by the NAS are being used to store evidence in the central lab. The National Guard continues to improve its analytical capabilities and evidence handling procedures. Relations between the Embassy and the National Guard forensic laboratories are excellent.

Defense Articles

In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 502 (A) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items.

Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters named the Albatross and Pelican are stationed in the Eastern part of Venezuela. They are located at the Punta Fijo naval base on Venezuela's western Caribbean coast. They are in good operating condition. The starboard engine on the Pelican was replaced in 2002. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the East Coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. Both are in excellent condition and have greatly increased the Venezuelan Navy's capability to operate effectively within the important 25-mile offshore coastal waters of Venezuela. Both ships were inspected by MILGP officers in 2002.

Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft named Margarita is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River. It was inspected by MILGP officers in 2002. It is in good operating condition

Riverine Patrol Boats- Six Riverine patrol boats are in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located on the Orinoco River at the Colombian border and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precursors. The boats' outboard Yamaha 75-hp engines vary in condition from good to fair. These boats were inspected by a USMILGP officer in March 2002.

Aircraft-The two C-26 aircraft have been incorporated into "Grupo Cinco" of the Venezuelan Air Force and are based at the air base in Caracas. The aircraft are in excellent condition and are well maintained. Although originally intended to support Venezuelan military drug interdiction operations along Venezuelan's long border with Colombia, the Venezuelan Air Force is now considering employment of these aircraft in an air interdiction mode following the increase in the number of drug smuggling flights through Venezuelan airspace in 1999. To carry out this role, the aircraft will need to be equipped with sensors that will cost about $2-3 million. The Venezuelan Air Force is studying means to acquire this equipment.

Radios-Seventy PRC-77 radios sets have been transferred to the military communications authority. This equipment is to be used along the border. The radios are in excellent condition.

JICC

The NAS continues to provide support to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) in conjunction with the Latin America JICC/Guardian program coordinated by DEA with the interagency El Paso Intelligence Center. In 2000, the NAS assisted the center in upgrading its equipment by providing Oracle software and elated training. The Oracle database software is being used in conjunction with a new version of the Guardian software developed by DEA. CONACUID uses the Center to coordinate drug intelligence, and collect information on all types of drug-related crime. A photocopier, one of two servers, ten computer workstations and related equipment are in good condition. One of the servers is damaged and is currently being repaired.

Communications Equipment

The majority of the radio communications equipment provided to the CONACUID is in good condition and located in the new CONACUID office building in Caracas. The equipment is used for general office functions and for security of the CONACUID headquarters building. Cooperation between CONACUID and the Embassy is excellent.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2000, the Public Prosecutor's Office received a photocopier. In 1998, the NAS provided two contraband inspection kits to the National Guard detachments in Puerto Cabello and San Antonio de Tachira, the major land entry point from Colombia. The equipment is being used for drug interdiction programs. Ninety NAS-procured hand-held metal detectors were donated in 1996 for prisoner searches in the thirty-two Venezuelan prisons. Most have reached the end of their useful life. The PTJ continues to use audio-visual equipment, camcorders, typewriters, fax machines, cameras and lenses. This equipment is in fair condition.

The wide-screen television and VCR provided to CONACUID have ceased to function.

Problems

The NAS has had difficulty establishing the usage, condition, and location of 506(a)(2) donated equipment, such as PRC-77 radios. The NAS will work more closely with USMILGP in 2002 to track this equipment.

Impact

NAS-provided equipment and training have been fundamental to the enhancement of Venezuela's drug interdiction capabilities, particularly in the Port Security and Prosecutors' Drug Task Force projects. Notwithstanding the political chaos and economic problems of 2002, Venezuela continued to conduct a broad spectrum of narcotics control operations. Cocaine seizures rose to over 15 metric tons in 2002, while heroin seizures exploded exponentially, particularly at the country's international airports.

GEORGETOWN

Procedures

Post maintains personal contact with representatives of the following four agencies provided commodities under the narcotics control program: Guyana Defense Force (GDF), Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU), Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), and the Guyana Police Force (GPF).

In 2002, End Use Monitoring was not systematic due to staffing shortages and personnel changes at post. Consequently, much of the information was obtained from host country sources. Post will make periodic spot checks and on-site inspections in 2003.

Status

All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.

Communications Equipment

A 12-radio mobile communication system and complete support package and pagers (2) were provided to the CANU in 1998. CANU uses the radio equipment at the airport and on patrols and operations at the Georgetown port.

Patrol Boats

The four 44-foot patrol boats were used for patrolling Guyanese waters. In 2002, the vessels were used in seizures of four Venezuelan fishing boats operating illegally in Guyana's territory and two boats smuggling fuel from Venezuela.

JICC

The JICC and its four Acer Acros 486SX computers remain largely inactive because of a lack of interagency coordination. The hardware and fax machine are still operational. Oracle software was installed. The JICC uses the computer equipment donated by the USG to store statistics concerning narcotics seizures and arrests.

Miscellaneous

Twenty-four bulletproof vests were supplied to CANU in 1998. They are used at the airport and on patrols and operations at the Georgetown port. Life jackets, narco test kits, handcuffs, lamps, night vision binoculars (15), and an answering machine provided in 1997 were used by the CANU. The two pagers are no longer in use. The GPF uses the video camera and compact recorder provided in 1997. The GDF continues to use the fax and copier machine.

Impact

The vessels have had a pronounced impact on the Government of Guyana's maritime capabilities. CANU has made use of the equipment supplied, but recent attacks on high-level CANU officers have hindered their counternarcotics efforts. The GOG has not fulfilled its commitment to staff the JICC adequately. In addition, Guyanese law enforcement agencies are reluctant to share information. Post continues to press for implementation of the JICC.

LA PAZ

Procedures

During 2002, under the general supervision of the NAS Director, the NAS Administrative Officer, other members of the NAS staff, and officials of other agencies such as DEA, MILGRP and USCG performed reviews to account for and to verify the condition of equipment and property provided to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counternarcotics program. NAS program officers, regional office directors and the administrative officer conducted regular and unannounced field visits to all projects. Field assistance visits by the budget and audit staffs resulted in spot inspections of property records, impress fund record-keeping usage reports, and fuel management reports. US Direct hires program officers require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. A monthly report on the status of procurements was distributed to the regional directors and program officers for review.

The NAS operates eight warehouses: three in La Paz, one in each regional office and one at the headquarters of the Green Devil Task Force (GDTF) in Santa Cruz. The program officers, regional directors, and the NAS Administrative Officer and Logistics Supervisor conduct spot checks during periodic visits to the field. The NAS two-person audit staff performs spot checks and undertakes special reviews or audits to help ensure proper use and care of equipment and materials. Each auditor reports directly and independently to the NAS administrative officer. The property control officer receives all incoming property other than that procured locally by the NAS regional offices; prepares receiving and inspection reports; affixes barcodes (when required); and enters control information into the NEPA system. When property is delivered to the respective regional offices, additional documentation, along with a computer file, is created. Each month, the NAS administrative officer prepares a countrywide reconciliation report. Copies are maintained in the La Paz office.

Status

Aviation

Most NAS-supported aviation assets are operated by the Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF). They are supervised by one U.S. citizen PSC and three U.S. military personnel serving in Bolivia under Participating Agency Support Agreements (PASA). The RDTF inventory consists of 15 UH-1H helicopters, one B-55 Beech Baron, three Cessna 206's, and two Cessna 210's. All are based in Santa Cruz with permanent Forward Operating Bases (FOB's) in Trinidad and Chimore. A U.S. contractor, DynCorp, has maintenance and training responsibilities for the helicopter fleet. In addition to serving as advisors, the PASA’s monitor the use of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are solely dedicated to counternarcotics activities. Only the NAS director or deputy director can authorize non-routine missions.

In early 2002, NAS/Bolivia received control of a third C-130B aircraft; all three C-130B aircrafts had been transferred to the GOB through the DOD Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program to be used in support of the CN program. The Black Devil Task Force (BLKDTF) flies the C-130's under the supervision of a U.S. citizen PSC Aviation Adviser. The BLKDTF consists of 13 FAB pilots, co-pilots, and navigators, in addition to 32 enlisted maintenance personnel; it flies in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions in support of USG-GOB CN programs. The BLKDTF recently inaugurated a new hanger facility for use by the C-130B program.

The C-130B program is also supported by three Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics who provide quality assurance and supervision for FAB mechanics. The NAS also employs a fourth TCN to provide logistics support and manage C-130 warehouse operations, thus guaranteeing accountability for C-130B parts and equipment.

All NAS-related air missions are approved by the USG personnel. The status of all NAS-supported aviation assets is reported to the NAS Director or Deputy Director. NAS contract personnel and RDTF personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight.

Defense Articles

Defense articles were procured up to FY 1995 with FMFP funds. Due to lack of available funds from this source, the NAS, with MILGP assistance, has taken full advantage of the FY-98 506A drawdown program for those items not otherwise available or that are restricted from purchase with INL funds. Under this program, the NAS received ammunition and explosives valued at $1,106,000 for the Special Force for the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (FELCN). Additionally, the NAS received parts and supplies for the C-130 aircraft valued over $1 million. Field gear such as binoculars, radios, blankets, uniforms, field jackets, first aid kits, sleeping bags, tents, etc., along with ammunition, parts and equipment received under the 506 drawdown program totaled more than $6 million in 2000.

Bolivian Army - During 1991, the USMILGP delivered weapons, ammunition and radios to two Bolivian Army light infantry battalions, the Mancheg and Jordan battalions, as part of a requirement calling for equipment and training. Although these units are not actively engaged in the counternarcotics effort, they are considered by the GOB to be available on a contingency basis for use in counternarcotics operations. The following equipment was provided: 870 rifles- 5.56MM; 176 pistols; 96 grenade launchers; 25 radios, AN/PM 77. All the equipment remains in serviceable condition with the exception of the two PRC-77 radios, which are in need of major repair.

In 2002, the MILGP used reprogrammed FMF CN funds to purchase 20 additional carbines, 5.56mm, M4 for the FELCN Headquarters to be used by the UMOPAR Force in the Chapare. The FELCN headquarters in La Paz has responsibility for the distribution, accountability, maintenance and repair of the firearms received through the FMF program. MILGP staff conduct periodic inventories to verify the use and serviceability of firearms released to the FELCN.
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Bolivian Navy - In 2002, the MILGP provided the Devil Task Force (BDTF) with the following radios and weapons for counternarcotics Riverine operations: 20 hand-held Motorola radios, 20 sets of computer equipment, 6 laser printers, 8 150HP outboard motors, 16 40hp outboard motors, 2 LCD projectors and 10 24k BTU window-type air conditioners. USCG training teams and MILGP personnel conducted spot-checks during 2002 and determined that all items inspected are in serviceable condition and are being used as intended.

Bolivian Air Force (FAB) -The MILGP did not receive any FMFP supplies for the Bolivian Air Force. All equipment received in previous years is being used for counternarcotics operations. It is inspected regularly by members of the MILGP and/or MTTS and remains in good condition. The following equipment was provided to the FAB: 17 rifles, 5.56, M16A2; 56 pistols, 9MM; 4 HF radios 25/125W; 4 HF radios 15/400W, base station, two HF radios, 20W manpack.

Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion- The GDTF operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to transport fuel, cargo and personnel throughout Bolivia via ground in support of the Bolivian counternarcotics strategy. The second mission of the GDTF is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operation of heavy US military vehicles. There are 101 vehicles in the GDTF inventory: 46 two and a half-ton trucks; 26 HMMWV'S, 8 five-ton dump trucks; 3 five-ton tractors, 2 wreckers, 2 forty-ton tractors, 2 contact trucks, 3 international fuel trucks, 2 fuel tankers, 2 semi-trailers, 1 semi-trailer low-bed, 4 water trailers, 1 Hyster fork lift, 2 petty bone fork lists., and 5 NAS program vehicles. The GDTF is staffed by 112 Bolivian Army personnel commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. NAS personnel total nine, with the temporary hire of two mechanical technicians under the supervision of one U.S. PSC who maintained an operational readiness posture of 98 percent during 2002.

Joint Task Force –During 2002, the Joint Task Force (JTF) consisted of 1,563 military, police and civilian personnel. One-half of the JTF eradicated illicit coca plants, while the other half provided security for the camps and in the coca fields. The NAS continues to provide meals, billeting, field equipment (i.e., uniforms, general supplies, tools), office supplies and transportation, fuel and medical support for task force personnel.

Feeding the JTF is a major undertaking. A food service contract established in 1999 has improved the quality of food, provided better accountability and reduced costs; it is now being rebid. One NAS FSN COR is designated to monitor the contract. The COR travels to the Chapare twice a month to conduct spot-checks in base camps.

Expeditionary Force (FEC)-An Expeditionary Force (FEC) was created to assist the eradication process in the Chapare by patrolling the main access route between Santa Cruz and Cochabamba. The FEC was originally a 500-person unit; in February 2002 its size was increased to 1,500; it was disbanded in July 2002. The NAS provided the FEC with food (under the JTF feeding contact), military equipment and bonuses.

Riverine

The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 198 man Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into six groups, a headquarters, and a Riverine training school. The BDTF has five mother ships, 32 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 42 Zodiacs; one mother ship was decommissioned in 2002 due to age. These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via FMF funding or (in the case of the mother ships) constructed with INL money.

During this year, the NAS continued the replacement of the aging Zodiacs; the NAS also replaced 27 outboard motors for the Zodiacs. BDTF task groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS regional office in Trinidad supports most task groups, the BDTF headquarters and the Riverine school. The NAS regional office in Trinidad supports all task groups with the exception of the task group in Puerto Villaroel, the BDTF headquarters, and the Riverine school.

During 2002, TDY personnel under NAS supervision also provided logistics support and operational guidance; their support will terminate this year. The BDTF also has assigned to it USG-provided vehicles, uniforms and field gear. NAS personnel monitor equipment assigned to the BDTF and closely screen all requirements for additional equipment before forwarding the request to the program officer.

Vehicles

The NAS provides some form of support for more than 1,200 vehicles either procured or donated by the U.S. Government or other donor governments for use in Bolivia’s counternarcotics program. To provide vehicle maintenance support, the NAS operates repair facilities and maintains a large stock of spare parts for all programs in Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Villa Tunari, Trinidad and the UMOPAR Base Camp in Chimore. Maintenance supervisors closely monitor the issuance and use of parts through vehicle work orders, inventory tracking cards, computerized inventory programs and spot checks at each location. In addition, certain types of parts such as tires and batteries are marked with identifying numbers or symbols to prevent improper exchange.

In FY-01 the NAS procured on the behalf of DEA $2.5 million worth of equipment and services, including 2 off-road vehicles, and 10 motorcycles. In May 2001, the NAS received 57 vehicles ordered in CY-2000. These included 38 4x4 cars, 14 4x4 trucks, and 5 sedans. The NAS also procured an additional 17 multi-purpose vehicles and 8 motorcycles plus cars and trucks in CY-2002, at the total value at $1.1 million to support other CN projects. This latter purchase was the third phase of a five-year vehicle replacement program. In addition, the NAS awarded the purchase of 47 new vehicles, which were delivered at the end of 2002 to the various GOB counternarcotics offices.

Field advisors, the Logistics Supervisor, program officers and the Administrative Officer made frequent unannounced inspections of these facilities to ensure proper accountability. In addition, the NAS audit section conducted periodic reviews of commonly used parts most susceptible to pilferage, as well as those items subject to theft or misuse such as fan belts, filters and tune-up kits.

Communications Equipment

NAS communications equipment includes repeaters, base stations, mobile radios, and hand-held radios. This equipment was provided to all the FELCN, UMOPAR, Intelligence units, AIROPS, Riverine as well as NAS regional offices. The NAS has supplied 616 sets of communications equipment to Bolivian counternarcotics projects as follows:

La Paz
170 sets
Santa Cruz
125 sets
Trinidad
59 sets
Chimore
165 sets
Cochabamba
92 sets
Oruro
5 sets


Another 230 hand-held UHF equipment sets and 10 base UHF stations do not appear in the NAS inventory, since they were purchased with DEA funds. NAS maintains a comprehensive inventory under the NEPA system that identifies location and personnel accountable in each organization. All equipment maintenance is performed by NAS technicians, normally in the NAS repair facility in La Paz. Frequent field visits are made to verify the condition and proper use of the equipment as well as to perform preventive maintenance. As of the 2002, 90 percent of the equipment was in service. The remainder is undergoing repair. Furthermore, the NAS purchased communications equipment in CY-2001 for installation in the area of the Yungas as part of a nationwide communications grid. It will be completed in 2003 and will enhance current counternarcotics efforts.

The Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU) of DEA/NAS conducted a thorough inventory of all communications and technical equipment purchased by the NAS on their behalf with FY-97 funds. All equipment was found to be in serviceable condition. The inventory includes all technical communications equipment and vehicles transferred to various offices and DEA-supported programs throughout Bolivia. During 2002, the communications system was reorganized at a national level.

Computer Equipment

In 2001, the NAS provided 126 computers to counternarcotics agencies in its four regions. To alleviate the high-cost maintenance and reduce the problems with local providers, two small computer repair facilities were established in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba in 2002 to serve as satellites of the La Paz computer repair facility.

Uniforms and Field Gear

In 2002, the NAS procured 13,000 sets of BDU’s, boots, hats, and various field gear such as web belts, field packs, hammocks. Tents and entrenching tools valued at more than $2 million in support of 1,500 FELCN police officers and 2,000 military personnel are assigned to various counternarcotics projects. Since 1998, the NAS has started issuing uniforms and equipment to FELCN and UMOPAR personnel twice per year, normally during the March through April timeframe.

Construction

Beginning in 2001, the Embassy embarked on a major two-year counternarcotics program drawing on funds from INL, DEA, MLGRP, and SouthCom. During these two years, the mission will undertake over $3.5 million in construction projects including 14 bases; major expansions to 20 existing facilities; and significant repairs and upgrades of all existing infrastructure facilities. During 2001-2002, the following projects were completed: holding cells facilities; new K9 training facilities; a new base at San Ignacio, Puerto Suarez, Guayaramerin, Yucumo; new UMOPAR bases for Locotal, Rinconada, Guayaramerin, Yucumo; C-130 hanger, apron and taxiways for C-130 hanger; house and offices for prosecutors at Trinidad; laboratories for FELCN Cochabamba; five housing facilities for GDTF program; and canine house at Cochabamba airport.

The status of the other construction projects that started during the year is as follows: Riberalta base (80% completed); check point at Locotal (90%); expansion at "Garras" anti-Narcotics Training School (15%); and 11 DIGECO posts (30%). In addition, during the same period of time, the NAS undertook major repairs of 13 bases (including Unduavi, Coroico, Irupana and Km 52 facilities in Yungas); and significant minor repairs and upgrades of all the existing infrastructure.

To insure quality control, the NAS contracted the services of two construction engineers/architects (two FSN's, of which one works in La Paz and the other in the Cochabamba projects) and used another engineer from the DIRECO project to work in the Beni area projects. All engineers advise, design and provide oversight during the design and construction phase of CN projects. In addition, program managers and regional NAS office directors routinely monitor all phases of construction.

Problems

Misuse of Vehicles

Personal use and careless operation of vehicles by senior Bolivian officials in certain programs continue to be serious concerns. Although the NAS monitors and attempts to prevent personal use of official vehicles, Bolivian officials in the field frequently abuse the privilege of having a vehicle by using it for personal travel. NAS training programs have helped reduce the number of serious vehicle accidents. However, traffic mishaps attributable to negligence continue to occur. The NAS policy of requiring mandatory restitution in cases involving negligence has been a useful, but not a totally effective deterrent.

Fuel Distribution

Given the remote locations of some NAS-supported counternarcotics projects, fuel distribution continues to be a major concern. Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA’s) have been set up in several locations to eliminate the need to transport large quantities of fuel over long distances. A new multi-year fuel contract is being developed and should be awarded in early 2003, which should alleviate the fuel problem.

Frequent audits and an enhanced fuel monitoring system have improved the accountability of all types of fuel. However, some units must still rely on primitive means to measure and distribute fuel. Inaccurate pump meters and manual methods account for most of the discrepancies in the fuel distribution program. In order to overcome these discrepancies, new pumps have been ordered. Safe storage facilities are also a concern in some areas of the country. Open storage with containers being exposed to the sun and other weather conditions are common problems.

Property Accountability

As Bolivia’s counternarcotics program expands and additional equipment and Defense Articles are received through the 506 drawdown program, it will become increasingly difficult to properly track these items. Despite training, the FELCN’s record keeping is not yet sophisticated enough to track property from unit to unit and even less capable of tracking property issued for special operations. The related issues are complicated by the fact that the title for material acquired through the FMFP and the FMS process transfers to the GOB at the time shipments are placed in transportation channels at the point of origin. By accepting the standard terms and conditions stipulated in the respective LOA, the GOB also accepts responsibility for the accountability and end-use of the defense articles purchased. In a joint effort to assist the FELCN in improving their property accounting methods, the NAS and the MILGP will examine the feasibility of providing additional training to logistics personnel of the FELCN.

Personnel Changes

JTF personnel are rotated on a quarterly basis. Transportation arrangements are coordinated by the administrative officer using GDTF assets, commercial buses and C-130 transport. In the past, large numbers of personnel rotated from various programs have created continuity problems as well as increased costs. The NAS has been successful in getting FELCN and service commanders to stagger the rotation so that no more than 20 percent of a particular unit transfers in any given year.

Program Changes

A major needs-assessment study of the INL/NAS Bolivia Law enforcement Development Program was conducted during the early part of December 2002. Several counternarcotics forces units in various locations were interviewed regarding training and experience in several areas. Among these areas were law enforcement training in human rights and Basic Criminal Investigations to include the "Ley 1008" new code of Criminal Procedures, oral trial system, report writing, court room testimony, crime scene investigations and evidence collections procedures.

Based on the results of this cross-country survey, the Law Enforcement Development Program (LEDP) will begin a multi-agency training curriculum to include USAID, MSD, DEA and MILGP participants. Training courses will consist of 40 hours of basic Human Rights training as well as 80 hours of Basic Criminal Investigations to include the above-mentioned training topics.

Impact

A highly effective eradication program in the Chapare, Bolivia’s principal coca-growing region, is the hallmark of the GOB’s counternarcotics strategy. The GOB reported that 11,839 hectares of coca were eradicated in 2002, the second highest level ever reached in Bolivia. Despite this success, the potential cocaine production from Bolivian cultivation (assuming that all coca, including legal coca, is used) is estimated to be about 60 MT.

In 2002, the GOB seized 102 MT of coca leaf, 362 kg of cocaine HCL, 4.7 MT of cocaine base and 8.8 MT of cannabis. In 2002, the FELCN Chemical Unit seized 240,403 liters of liquid precursor chemicals (acetone, diesel, ether, etc.); it also destroyed 1,420 cocaine labs and made 3,229 arrests. NAS logistics support in conjunction with DEA's operational guidance supported these successes.

LIMA

Procedures

Inventory Management

NAS Logistics is a five-person Logistics Section headed by an American PSC employee, with primary responsibility for coordinating End Use Monitoring activities. The Logistics Section is charged with shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks.

The logistics database contains detailed information on commodities and EUM inspection visits. It can sorted by location. NAS logistics manages warehouse facilities in Iquitos and at the Lima airport. It has implemented extensive controls to enhance security at these locations. NAS Logistics also assists the embassy's Military Assistance Group (MAAG) in conducting EUM inspections and tracking DOD-donated items.

During 2002, NAS Logistics visited 9 cities, meeting with 27 counterparts at 48 different sites. It conducted inspections of 2,799 donated items out of the total of 4,441 items subject to inspection. The NAS visited all sites containing large concentrations of equipment and any site where discrepancies have been noted in the past. Both unannounced and announced EUM visits were performed throughout the year. During 2002, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated material. Cooperation, on the whole was satisfactory.

The Embassy's Administrative Section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project personal property located in Lima and maintained on the Embassy's NEPA system. A NAS American administrative assistant oversees non-project personal property. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of the NAS personal property at FOB's and FOL's.

On-site Inspections

The NAS staff performs regular and ad hoc EUM inspections throughout Peru during the year. Participants include advisers of all NAS programs. Aviation assets are reviewed by two Participating Agency Service Agreement (PASA) military officers, five American Personal Services Contractors (PSC), Field Advisor Security Specialists and one American PSC Petroleum Logistics Advisor, security specialists and one American PSC Petroleum Logistics Adviser. A U.S. Coast Guard PASA shares responsibility for EUM of Riverine assets with the logistics section. Two Eradication and Alternative Development advisors monitor commodities and assets donated to CORAH (Coca Reduction Project) and its subdivision, CADA (Coca Measurement Corps). INL's regional communications advisor conducts spot checks during the year to verify the condition and location of communications equipment. MAAS personnel visit military installations to perform spot checks on defense articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and drug police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials, and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP).

Status

All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counternarcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting EUM inspections of counterpart sites, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials. In addition, the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.

Vehicles

The NAS Logistics maintains an inventory of about 469 vehicles nationwide, supporting fully or in part, 299 project vehicles, 94 motorcycles, and 76 program-supported vehicles. The vast majority of the vehicles are provided to various elements of the central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA). The Ministry of Education, the Judicial Prosecutors, the Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.

On December 24, 2002, a CORAH motorcycle (Honda XL-185) was stolen in Tarapoto. A complaint has been filed and the police are investigating. A claim has been filed with the insurance company and settlement is pending the outcome of the police investigation.

Special use surveillance vehicles were purchased during 2000 to support the operations of the SIU's. In FY-00, the NAS procured on behalf of DEA one million dollars worth of equipment and services, including two off-road vehicles and ten motorcycles. The NAS also procured an additional 34 multipurpose vehicles and eight motorcycles to support other counternarcotics projects. This purchase was the third phase of a five-year vehicle replacement program.

The NASemploys a FSN motor vehicle maintenance supervisor under the Logistics Section, who is charged with overall responsibility for tracking project vehicle fleets, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing guidance concerning appropriate schedules of preventive maintenance. Aviation personnel are charged with overall responsibility for all "special use vehicles" (a/c tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, forklifts, etc.) including preventive maintenance. Aviation personnel are charged with overall responsibility for all "Ground support equipment" (aircraft tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, forklifts, etc.) including the preventive maintenance. During 2002, NAS Logistics acquired two (2) replacement vehicles from ORA and AID as a transfer, up-grading the fleet at no cost to the NAS. The vehicles that were replaced were disposed of in accordance with regulations.

The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance when requesting NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Aging project fleets remain a problem, but a schedule of more frequent replacements is benefiting operations. In 2001, NAS Logistics completed an inventory of about 80 obsolete and non-operative PNP vehicles (some of which are 1983 models) including motorcycles. In November 2002, NAS Logistics successfully coordinated with DIRANDO and supervised an auction to sell 37 obsolete and/or inoperative police vehicles. Over $38,000 was collected and turned over to the NAS Police program. A second auction is planned for the remaining vehicles.

Communications Equipment

In 2002, the NAS purchased and repaired radio equipment to support interdiction and eradication missions. One Motorola Secure repeater, with a solar system, was purchased to support operations in the Huallaga valley. The repeater system will provide secure radio communications for all anti-narcotics operations in the area. The NAS also purchased 24 additional cellular phones to augment communications between units for project coordination.

Project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU) in 2000. The units have continued to expand and to produce quality information.

Computer Equipment

The NAS continues to upgrade computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressers and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts to improve internal communications through LANs and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems. These help to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork and provide more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and used for the intended purposes. The NAS Police and Communications Advisor initiated a pilot project with DIRANDRO and Peru's narcotics prosecutor's office to track/expedite the legal processing of all narcotics cases. The hardware/software system includes: 1 server, 21 PC's, software and accessories. They will be installed at the Prosecutor's Office, DINANDRO, and Limas courts this year. The "Judicial Tracking system" will be implemented on a larger scale if the pilot project is successful.

Additional project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU's) in 2002. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year and did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.

Defense Articles

Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 200 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO.

Riverine-The DOD-equipped 7 Riverine Interdiction Units (17 personnel, four Boston Whaler type boats and a floating maintenance facility comprise a typical RIU). The program also provides for improvements to existing Coast Guard and Drug Police infrastructure to support Riverine operations, including office space renovation and repairs to existing equipment. The NAS, DEA, and MAAG Program coordinators conduct frequent field visits to observe training, equipment use and storage practices for all GOP forces. The level of maintenance of donated equipment has been marginally satisfactorily. The GOP has not funded minor outfitting or consumable expenses (fuel, MRE's, or medical supplies), or kept life safety equipment in good repair.

Aircraft

During 2002, NAS obtained two additional UH-1s from Colombia and procured a C-208 fixed-wing aircraft. Eight additional UH-1s were sent for the Huey II conversion and should be delivered around August 2003. A-37 fuselages provided in 1992 and 1996 to the Peruvian Air Force have been cannibalized as planned for parts to repair operative aircraft.

NAS Aviation Program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp, managed and performed EUM activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2002. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft. No diversion of NAS-purchased parts and equipment has been detected. The Aviation Program adviser controls aviation property. A 100 percent inventory for 2002 was completed. All items have been bar-coded and entered into the inventory control software program.

In 2002, the aviation program (UH-1H's) logged 4,793 hours of flight time in 745 interdiction flights totaling 591 hours and 1,557 eradication missions totaling 1,545 hours. The NAS funded fuel and per diem to DIRAVPOL MI-17 and fixed-wing crews during operation CY-02, totaling over $150,000. During 2001, the C-27 flew 470 hours in support of post's counternarcotics program, transporting 4,802 passengers and 1,069,428 pounds of cargo.

Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the 16 INL helicopters, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in many high-density coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added an element of unpredictability needed to safely operate in areas of pocket resistance to eradication missions. Aviation moved 31,585 passengers in 2002.

Fuel

The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1H helicopters and the fixed-wing aircraft. The NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on an occasional basis for selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures to control both the supply and quality of fuel stocks for aviation and Riverine operations. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has strict ordering, receiving and payment procedures. In FY-2002, 769,136 gallons of aviation fuel was purchased at a cost of $839,448. An additional $132,629 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to Forward Locations. NAS in-house quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through daily, weekly and monthly testing, weekly spot -checks and monthly audits. Additionally, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) conducts quarterly inspections of DOD quality assurance of all in-plane contracts, which includes both NAS BPA's. They both meet or exceed standards established by DOD defense Logistics fuel Division.

The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from six locations east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa. It has a 45,000-gallon Jet-a capacity in four tanks and a 2,000-gallon tank for Avgas. An additional 18,000-gallon tank is located at Tingo Maria. Aguaytia, Santa Lucia, Mazari, and Pichari all have at least 20,000-gallon capacities. All locations have CORAH contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS Embassy field coordinator in Pucallpa. All locations are visited quarterly by a NAS petroleum logistics advisor.

The NAS also purchases fuel for the Riverine Program for use by PNP and Coast Guard Riverine Units. In 2002, the NAS purchased about 112,175 gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel at a cost of $133,000. NAS Riverine fuel is stored at PNP and Coast Guard floating facilities as well as in portable fuel bladders. Both the PNP and Coast Guard have become largely dependent on PNP NAS-purchased fuel to conduct Riverine operations.

Construction

The NAS continued to provide limited construction support to advance counternarcotics operations through CORAH. During 2002, CORAH carried out 124 projects at a cost of $1,190,262. This included 71 small projects for aviation, and 21 security upgrades to NAS facilities. In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purposes.

Computers

The NAS continues to provide upgraded computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressors and UPS, as necessary, in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts to improve internal communications through LANs and connection to the web. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork, and provide clearer and more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and used for the intended purposes.

Demand Reduction

The NAS provides funding to a number of institutions, including entities of the GOP and NGO's to promote drug awareness, prevention and treatment programs. A large portion of Demand Reduction funding goes to support training programs. In addition, the NAS has provided vehicles, computers, office equipment, and other commodities to its demand reduction counterparts.

Over the last three years, the GOP as well as private NGO’s have developed an institutional capacity to carry out demand reduction activities. While self-sufficiency in the funding area has not yet been realized, the level of technical expertise within the country is remarkable.

The NAS is working with the National Strategy Information Center (NSIC), a US-based NGO which has a grant from INL to develop a school-based "Culture of Lawfulness" program. This program will teach ethics and provide school children with knowledge of the importance of living "by the rules."

Problems

Fraudulent Documentation

The DIRANDRO Police Inspector General (IG) investigated cases involving DIRANDRO police submission of fraudulent documentation that resulted in new DIRANRO policies implemented to safeguard NAS donated equipment.

High-Tech Office Equipment

During EUM inspections, logistics noted that some counterpart sites, (mostly Police Units) had received hi-tech office equipment, i.e., copy machines, fax machines and printer. Because of toner cost and high maintenance, some machines were not in use. In the later part of 2001, Logistics proposed the review of purchasing practices in an attempt to provide the counterpart with simpler equipment that is easier to maintain and represents a lower cost, especially for remote counterpart sites. Although the situation has improved during 2002, the problem still exists.

Interdiction/Customs Project

The NAS ceased its donation of commodities, including vehicles and communications equipment, several years ago, when Customs could not or would not account for donated goods. In the interim, the NAS continued to provide some training assistance. In December 2001, after several attempts, NAS Logistics was successful in obtaining a list showing present locations and condition of all 138 items donated. In 2002, Logistics visited Customs sites in Lima to verify the existence and condition of equipment. Much of the equipment has been disposed of as obsolete. Only 50 percent was available for inspection. Although the equipment had exceeded its useful life span, Logistics has requested and is waiting for an official response regarding the final disposition.

Santa Lucia Police Base

The construction of the base was finalized in 1992. It was turned over to the PNP in November 1993 in fully operational condition, when budget cuts forced the NAS to move helicopter and other operations to Pucallpa. Since then, the GOP has not maintained this large base. EUM inspections in 1999 revealed a lack of maintenance and extensive vandalism. The runway condition poses a serious safety hazard to landing aircraft. Many buildings are completely abandoned, while others have major structural damage. In FY-2000, CORAH undertook eradication activities in the area and Santa Lucia became the base of operations. Limited funds were made available to make the facility secure and habitable. Since then, NAS Police Program started an advanced training/operations school at Santa Lucia and the base has become a major operational center for eradication and interdiction missions in the Huallaga Valley.

Riverine

Maintenance issues with the floating bases have gotten worse with time. Neither the PNP nor the Coast Guard has taken much initiative to exercise the use of their organization funds to properly maintain these units. The NAS is in the process of contracting CORAH to fulfill a maintenance contract for these units.

Impact

INL project funds provided through the NAS are the sole source of support for CORAH. The NAS completely funds all coca eradication, and all the activities of CADA for coca measurement and eradication verification east of the Andes. While the GOP provides significant resources in support of counternarcotics activities, it does not provide any funding for CORAH and its eradication activities. CORAH conducted a total of 699 eradication missions during 2002.

The GOP eradicated 7,134 hectares in 2002, slightly exceeding its eradication goal of 7,000 hectares. Nonetheless, CNC results indicate an increase of 2,600 hectares from the previous year (34,000) bringing the total for 2002 to 36,600 hectares. This was the first net increase in cultivated coca hectares since 1995.

The Government of Peru had continued success throughout the year in conducting law enforcement operations. Over the period, however, the price of coca leaf rosen well above the farmer's break-even point, signaling that additional action is needed to reverse the trend. The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:

Coca eradicated
7,134.0 hectares
Coca leaf seized
1.2 metric tons
Cocaine HCL seized
3.3 metric tons
Cocaine base/paste seized
8.4 metric tons
Illicit laboratories destroyed/seized
Maceration pits
349.0 pits
Cocaine HCL
200.0 labs


Although the Coast Guard and PNP conduct routine patrols, the Riverine Program has not produced any tangible results. The NAS is working in concert with DEA and MAAG to introduce a performance-based incentive program to encourage the Police and Coast Guard to work together on counternarcotics operations.

The increase in the number and availability of prosecutors has led to a sharp increase in destruction of laboratories and maceration, arrests, etc. For example, in 2001, 769 operations were carried out, resulting in the destruction of 137 labs and 198 pits. In 2001, 3,884 kilos of coca paste were seized; in the first seven months of 2002, 8,670 kilos were seized. In 2001, 1,367 people were arrested in connection with drug trafficking; and in January-July 2002 period, 1,606 persons were arrested.

MONTEVIDEO

Procedures

During the year, embassy officers performed spot checks and an annual on-site inspection at the Coast Guard (Prefectura) and at the Uruguayan Anti-Drug Unit, Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID). These agencies provide an annual inventory report, which specifies the use, status, and location of all equipment supplied by the USG. In 2002, the embassy officers focused on terrorism-related issues with the Prefectura and DGRTID. Post continues to maintain regular contact with these agencies. Procedures have been effective and ensure that recipient agencies understand the need for accountability.

Status

Computer and Communications Equipment

The nationwide computer system of the Prefectura was recently replaced. It allows the Prefectura to track the movement of persons and vessels in and out of Uruguayan territory. Most of the equipment is located at Prefectura headquarters in Montevideo. The rest of the equipment is installed in the branch offices along the coast. The Prefectura has a full-time computer technician who remains current on software upgrades through INL-funded training courses.

All of the computers in Montevideo, Rivera, and Colonia are in need of replacement. Post has received a request from DGRTID for new computers to be purchased with FY-02 INL funds.

The Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) maintains computer equipment, a monitor, a specialized printer, and software for the analysis of financial transactions provided jointly by the USG and Organization of American States (OAS) in 1999 and 2000. The computer equipment is located at its headquarters in Montevideo, where it is very well maintained.

The two computers and printer located at the Ministry of Public Health are used for precursor chemical permits and are in good condition.

The National Drug Secretariat (SND) maintains personal computers (15), fax machines (2) and printers (10). The SND received a new computer network in 2002. It is located in Montevideo and serves basic administrative tasks.

The Ministry of Public Health maintains two personal computers systems and a printer provided by the USG in 1999.

Vehicles

The vehicles donated to the Anti-Drug Police (seven cars, two trucks, and three motorcycles) transport officers to investigations and/or raid sites in Montevideo and the interior. Frequent trips are made to Rivera, Maldonado and Costa de Oro. The Prefectura vehicles (one car, two trucks, two motorcycles) operate out of Montevideo. During the summer tourist season, much of the Prefectura’s transportation equipment is used in Punta del Este and other coastal resorts northeast of Montevideo. Equipment is in good to fair condition, with the exception of two Prefectura motorcycles and one DGRTID motorcycle which are in need of replacement.

The Prefectura maintains one car, two trucks, and two motorcycles. The vehicles operate out of Montevideo and are in good condition. The SND also maintains a vehicle for its use.

Patrol Boats

The Prefectura operates the two Cape Class patrol boats along the Uruguay River and the coast. They are in good condition. The Prefectura operates two motorized rafts out of Montevideo.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Typewriters, electronic surveillance system, videocassette recorders, video cameras, photocopiers, fax machines, night vision devices, camcorders, air conditioning unit, narcotics test kits, police assault gear, protective gear, voltage regulators, radio, transformers plus other support equipment (including desks and chairs, binoculars, flashlights and handcuffs), communication monitoring systems, bullet- proof vests, protective outerwear, UPS, weight balance, have been donated to the DRGTID and the Prefectura.

Most of the fax machines are in constant need of repair. All other donated items are in fair or good condition.

Much of the surveillance and investigation related items were purchased recently and remain in good condition. The Prefectura received a digital logger for recording cellular phone conversations of individuals under investigation and surveillance equipment in 2002.

There have been no incidents of fraud related to the equipment purchased with INL funds.

Canines

Materials were provided to Prefectura in 1999 for the construction of kennels for anti-drug canines in 13 branch offices. Most of these facilities now house anti-drug canines. The kennels are in good condition and only require routine maintenance.

Impact

INL equipment has made a significant difference in the Government of Uruguay (GOU) counternarcotics effort. GOU law enforcement agencies function better as a result of INL-donated equipment and training. INL funding is responsible for several anti-narcotics projects that would not have been implemented otherwise.

DGRTID computers, surveillance equipment, other protective gear, and other law enforcement equipment have enabled DGRTID officers to increase their capabilities. The Central Bank continues to benefit from the financial transaction database which has been helpful in responding to USG requests for information on financial information of suspected terrorists.

While INL funds have gone a long way to improve GOU law enforcement capabilities, they are not enough to offset recent decreases in counternarcotics funding as a result of the ongoing economic crisis in Uruguay and throughout the region.

PARAMARIBO

Procedures

Post conducted on-site inspections and periodic spot checks of all resources. Post also received a host government report on the materials. DEA agents visit post regularly and monitor the use and status of the vehicles, equipment and furniture. Narcotics Police, Vetted Unit, and the Police Force accommodate visits from Embassy personnel.

Status

The following commodities were provided to the Government of Suriname (GOS) law enforcement agencies in 2002: drug test kits; black lights for document checks; handcuffs; maglights; drug-use data analysis; passport guides; 1996 Toyota Land Cruiser Station Wagon; 1997 Toyota Land Cruiser pickup.

The following commodities were provided to the Ministry of Justice and Police Force’s Special Investigative Unit (SIU) in prior years: chairs (16); tables (6); Compaq computer (1); fax machine (1); laser printer (1); cabinets (6); air conditioner (1); cellular phones (4); fingerprint kit (1); cipher locks (2); air vent fan (1); single tube night vision goggles (2); Pentium multimedia generic desktop computer (1); Toshiba lap top and a printer (1); protective vests (8).

Most of donated equipment is housed within the offices of the DEA-Vetted Unit at the Surinamese police complex at Nieuwe Haven. The police commonly use cellular phones outside the office for routine communications. The two Land Cruisers are stored at the same complex and are used to travel outside Paramaribo where 4x4 vehicles are essential and regular police cars cannot travel. The black lights and passport guides are used by the Narcotics Brigade and the DEA-Vetted unit at Nieuwe Haven and by Military Police, and Customs officials at the airport. All items are being used in accordance with their stated purpose.

Impact

The Government of Suriname (GOS) continues to struggle financially. USG-provided equipment and technical support are essential in day-to-day law enforcement operations. The GOS uses all resources provided in an effective manner. INL assistance to GOS law enforcement agencies is crucial in allowing the GOS to, at a minimum, maintain its current level of counter-narcotics and anti-criminal activities.

QUITO

Procedures

Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the National Police Anti-Drug Division (DNA) to allow close monitoring of donated material. Letters were sent to each supported unit with a copy of the existing inventory for their verification. The NAS completed physical verification of the commodities at Baeza, Lago Agrio, Coca, Pichincha and Guayaquil.

The NAS currently is installing a new barcode inventory system which in future years will facilitate identification of commodities donated by the U.S. government.

Status

The information below is derived from information submitted by National Anti-Drug Police Units. NAS personnel will verify this information in the course of affixing labels to donate commodities over the next few months. The more intensive EUM activity made possible by increased staffing in 2002 revealed the loss of some commodities (detailed below) that had not been divulged to NAS previously. All of these items had been assigned to individual police department personnel. The cases have been referred to police administrative judges for determination of responsibility.

Defense Articles

The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.

The DNA has received 700 SIG Sauer 9mm pistols via 506 (A) drawdown. They are distributed to ENP offices as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Pichincha (95); SIU (45); Sucumbios (15); Manta (25); Santo Domingo (5); Esmeraldas (10); Imbabura (21); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (15); El Oro (20); Azuay (10); Napo (5); Loja (30); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (10); Mascaillas (5); Puyo (7); Morona Santiago (5); DNA Warehouse (162).

Weapons/ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-drug Division (DNA) received 170 Beretta 9MM pistols from the USMILGP in 2000. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Guayaquil (20); Pichincha (27); Santo Domingo (5); Orellana (10); Manabi (5); Azuay (5); Los Rios (5); IOS (5); Tungurahua (5); Carchi (5); Imbabura (5); Esmeraldes (15); Morona Santiago (5); Sucumbios (10); Mascarillas 9; Galapagos (4); Canar (5); DNA Warehouse (30).

The USMILGP also donated 500 Colt-AR15 M-16 as part of the 506 (a) drawdown, distributed to ENP units as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Sucumbios (30); Manta (15); Esmeraldas (20); Imbabura (20); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (10); El Oro (10); Pichincha (95); Azuay (5); Napo (5); Loja (20); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (5); Morona Santiago (5); SIU (5); Paztaza (6); DNA warehouse (54).

The DNA received 519 flak vests from the 506 (a) Drawdown in 1999. They were distributed as follows: SIU (40); GEMA (100); Pichincha (70); Guayaquil (70); Machala (7); Carchi (26); Manta (20); Macarillas (5); Imbabura (9); Santo Domingo (5); Canar (10); Azuay (10); Esmeraldas (9); el Oro (12); Napo (5); Sucumbios (7); Los Rios (5); Chimborazo (5); DNA (17); DNA warehouse (87).

The DNA received 469 helmets from the 506 (a) Drawdown. They were distributed to the various ENP offices as follows: GEMA (120); Carchi (19); Imbabura (6); Esmeraldas (6); Santo Domingo (5); Manta (12); Sucumbios (12); Mascarillas (5); Pichincha (42); Guayaquil (50); El Oro (7); Azuay (10); Canar (10); Machala (7); Napo (5); Morona Santiago (5); GOE (20); GIR (45); Manabi (15); Tunguragua (6); Chimborazo (5); DNA (50); DNA Warehouse (7).

The DNA reported the loss or theft of 18 Beretta pistols, 4 Sig Sauer pistols and one protective (flak) vest.

Vehicles

There are currently 155 cars/trucks and 46 motorcycles in the ENP inventory which has been purchased with NAS funds. Twenty-eight cars/trucks and 11 motorcycles have been identified as being beyond their useful life and will be removed from inventory. The vehicles are distributed as follows: Pichincha (840); Guayas (31); Mascarillas (2); Manabi (6); Carchi (8); Esmeraldas (4); El Ora (5); Loja (6); Tena (1); Azuay (1); Tugurahua (2); Imbabura (4); Cotopaxi (1); Zamora (1); Sucumios (7); Napo (1); GEMA (17); SIU (20).

The NAS has established blanket purchase orders with several repair shops; repair and maintenance needs are evaluated by NAS personnel and the vehicles are sent to appropriate shops for the necessary work. The NAS keeps records of vehicle maintenance; maintains a tire stock; and furnishes a fixed amount of fuel for operations by the donated vehicles throughout Ecuador.

Three motorcycles were reported stolen in 2002.

Vessels

The two NAS-procured 17-foot Boston Whaler boats assigned to the ENP Interdiction and Rescue Group (GIR) are maintained by private contractors without NAS financial support. The boats are in excellent condition and are used by the GIR unit in Guayaquil to patrol the waterways near that city.

Communications Equipment

The NAS has supplied the ENP with 21 repeater stations, 37 base stations, 72 mobile units, 206 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies), 2 manpack HF radios, and 1 HF base radio.

The DNA received 16 HT-1000 and 71 Motorola Saber radios. Twenty of these saber radios were transferred to the INS-supported Intel Unit at the airports. These units operate different frequencies from the ENP national net and can be used only for limited point-to-point communications.

In 2002, the NAS supplied the Ecuadorian Army (the 19th Jungle brigade, Coca) with 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories.

The NAS received a report on communications equipment lost/stolen: 10 portable hand-held radios, 6 mobile units, 1 charger and 1 power source.

Computer Equipment

The NAS began a computer upgrade and standardization project with the ENP Anti-Drug Units throughout the country. Phase 1 in calendar year 2002 comprised 60 computers, 4 servers and 5 printers distributed as follows: Pichincha (32); Guayas (6); Imbabura (3); Carchi (1); Tungurahua (1); Cotopaxi (1); Chimborazo (1); Azuay (1) Loja (1); Esmeraldas (2); Los Rios (1); Manabi (3); El Oro (1); Baeza (1); Tena (1); Puyo (1); Lago Agrio (1); Coca (1); Macas (1).

The NAS provided the Ecuadorian National Drug Council (CONSEP) with 13 computers in 2001 and 21 in 2002, plus 1 server and 1 printer distributed as follows: Loja (2); Ibarra (2); Carchi (2); Manabi (2); Esmeraldas (2); Napo (2); Santo Domingo (2); Quito (10); Guayas (6); Tungurahua (1); El Oro (1); Azuay (2).

Canine Unit

NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been the pride of the ENP and accounts for nearly all of the drug interdictions in Ecuador. In 2000, the NAS acquired 26 dogs locally, which were trained with their respective handlers. There are eighty-three (83) narcotics detector dogs in active service throughout the country.

Miscellaneous

The NAS has provided the DNA with five emergency generators which are in service at the operational units. In 2002, the NAS procured 400 sets of pants, shirts, caps, reflective vests, boots, camouflage shirts, ponchos, and belts. DNA will distribute the gear equipment to the operational units in the field.

Problems

Due to software problems and staff shortages, the NAS was unable to complete the new inventory system and bar code all of the commodities at the Anti-Drug Units in time for this EUM report.

Program Changes

The NAS recently purchased a computer barcode system to maintain an inventory of the greater volume of donated equipment that will derive from the new, much higher funding levels. Once the barcode inventory system is operational, NAS personnel will label all accountable items as they are received and will retroactively label previously donated items. This will provide NAS with a baseline physical inspection of all commodities on hand and a more reliable running inventory as the volume and geographical range of DNA operations increase.

Impact

U.S. Government assistance is crucial for the counternarcotics program of the ENP. The NAS and DEA provide almost all of the logistical and operational support to the ENP Anti-Drug Division.

Drug seizures and arrest statistics for calendar year 2002 were:

Seizures
Cocaine hydrochloride
10,438.69 KG
Coca Base/paste
873.79 KG
Heroin
351.65 KG
Marijuana
1,895.95 KG
Arrests
National arrests
2,106
Foreign
605
Sale
1,435
Possession
1,113
Consumption
161



SANTIAGO

Procedures

The majority of information on the condition and disposal of commodities comes from the National Drug Council (CONACE), which requests and compiles data from the recipient law enforcement agencies. Post is working with CONACE to shift its reporting period from March/April to November/December in order to coincide with the timing of the EUM report and avoid delays in report submission. On-site inspections are infrequent, as the small size of the program does not merit resource dedication to monitoring trips. Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis.

Status

The host government agencies participating in INL-funded projects are the Chilean Investigative Police (PICH), the Carabineros (uniformed, National Police Force), Customs, and the CONACE. Post has not purchased any equipment with INL funds for the Government of Chile (GOC) since FY-99.

Vehicles

The Carabineros have a Chevrolet LUV pickup in El Loa. It is in fair condition.

Communications Equipment

All of the 17 Motorola, model VHF/FM GP-300 walkie-talkie radios owned by the Police are in good condition. The Police have one radio scanner; two base stations; two handheld HP-10 radios; and nine handheld visars. Customs has six hand-held radios and two Motorola base stations.

Carabineros has 11 telephone systems in five locations. Eight are in good condition; two are in fair condition.

Binoculars

Customs has 10 binoculars in seven locations. Carabineros has one in Iquique Brigade and two in Coquimbo Brigade. All are in good condition.

Cameras

The Carabineros maintain eight cameras in Santiago. Customs maintains one in Valparaiso. They are in good condition.

Computers

The Police have one computer and one printer in Calama. The Carabineros maintain one computer in Coquimbo. Customs has one printer in Valparaisoa. CONACE has one computer and two printers in Santiago. They are all in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Police maintain four night vision goggles: one in Santiago; one in Valparaiso; one in Concepcion; and one in Punta Arenas. They are in good condition. Carabineros have four night vision visors: one in Antofagasta; one in Arica; and one in Valparaiso. They are in good condition. Customs maintains 30 probing mirrors in 15 locations. Customs also maintains 35 digital scales in 15 locations. Carabineros maintains one precision balance and one special scale. Carabineros maintains one projector, two VCR’s and two televisions, three fax machines and 10 tape recorders; one overhead projector; three electric typewriters; one calculator. Each is in good condition, except for two of the fax machines which are in fair condition.

Impact

The GOC reports that the equipment is used in both rural and metropolitan areas in counter-narcotics operations. Chile has a maintenance culture. Consequently, all equipment is well maintained. There were no significant changes in the condition of the equipment over last year.



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