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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

North and Central America


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 2003
Report
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BELIZE CITY

Procedures

Post uses both formal and informal monitoring procedures to insure that commodities and services provided for counternarcotics programs are properly maintained and used. The INL coordinator inspects the status, condition, and use of these items on a regular basis to ensure that donated goods are not being used for personal or outside use. Other agencies at post (DEA and TAT) assist in this task and report to the counternarcotics team if misuse or abuse of donated items is observed.

Post has established a software database of all donated items for the past two calendar years. It plans to add previous years donations to the database in order to improve tracking of the assets provided to the Government of Belize (GOB).

Status

Vessels

The Belize Defense Force (BDF) has a vessel which is maintained by the Anti-Drug Unit. The Anti-Drug Unit maintains a total of three boats, all of which have received upgrades and general maintenance work to keep them operational.

Vehicles

A multi-purpose van was provided to the Anti-Drug Unit in 2002 for use during roadway interdiction operations. Its many compartments and stowaway containers hold the numerous tools provided to search containers and vehicles for hidden compartments used to transport illegal substances and goods.

The pickup trucks previously donated to the Anti-Drug Unit and Canine Unit are near retirement. The two recently purchased Ford Ranger trucks are functional and in fine condition. One was assigned to the Canine Unit; one was assigned to the Violent Crimes Unit.

Canine Units

Members of the Police Canine Unit became members of the Anti-drug Unit in 2002 and received supplies and assistance from post. A kennel was built to house the dogs. Both the Canine and Anti-Drug Units were given interdiction training with INL funds. All narcotics dogs are healthy and working well.

INL funds were used to provide the Belize Customs and Excise Department with one narcotics detection dog and training, and to build a kennel to house the dog.

Communications Equipment

Radio tower, repair work, and radio installation were completed in 2002. Communication equipment in Belize has not been fully functional in the past. Post predicts an end to the constant repairs.

JICC Equipment

The JICC headquarters was completed in 2001 and is functioning as a central repository of information related to criminal investigations.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Office supplies donated to the Security Unit of the Commercial Free zone in 2001 are in used as intended. Sophisticated items such as the contraband detection kit and night vision goggles are stored in locked rooms and brought out when the need arises. One member of the Anti-Drug Unit is responsible for assigning use of tools or equipment and for ensuring that the items are returned. This has been an effective method for the unit to keep track of their commodities.

Secure storage for sample narcotics at the Police Canine Unit was provided through donation of a safe and refrigerator.

Problems

The limited budgets provided by the GOB for the Police Department as a whole continue to be a problem. With the coming elections in Belize, both parties promise raises and increases in funding for government employees. It remains to be seen whether promised salary increases will be provided.

There are few problems with relation to donated goods. Fuel use and/or abuse cannot be found. Both the tools and the van will shortly be put to use on a roadway interdiction operation. Other problems stem from a seeming lack of real interest on the current commissioner's part in recognizing that narcotics is a serious problem.

Program Changes

Post is developing a more comprehensive database of donations. While it is still an incomplete document (covering only 2 years of donations), it has the potential to make EUM a much easier task and will give post greater control over donated goods. Post anticipates a completed database of previous years donations by the end of calendar year 2003.

Impact

While Embassy Belize’s counternarcotics program is relatively small, it has undertaken the mission of assisting the Anti-Drug Unit to become a competent and efficient organization. Donations and training provided to the unit will enhance its ability to become a powerful interdiction entity. The unit continues to request INL funding assistance because the GOB has been unable to increase its size or budget.

Intelligence regarding narcotics trafficking in Belize suggests that there are “free zones” for traffickers where there is little to no police/anti-drug unit presence. Additional funding by the GOB to increase the size of the Anti-Drug Unit and to expand its operations into the lightly populated area of the country is necessary to address this problem. In recent discussions, the police commissioner declined to enlarge the unit, preferring to foster the growth of other units of the police department. Although this was disappointing news, post will continue to work closely with the 33-member unit and encourage its growth as a skilled force by continuing to provide training and equipment.

GUATEMALA CITY

Procedures

In CY-2002, EUM responsibilities were divided between the NAS Logistics Coordinator, the NAS Police Adviser, the NAS Port Adviser, the U.S. Customs Adviser, NAS Communications Technician, the NAS Computer Systems Manager, the NAS Warehouse Manager, and the NAS Director. When an item is received; the Warehouse Manager inspects the item and completes a receiving report; and the Logistics Coordinator certifies receipt and initiates payment. The Warehouse Manager then enters the item into the NAS inventory management program after which it is distributed to the final user. All NAS personnel supervise and monitor distribution of the property to host nation organizations and conduct inventories and property reconciliation. In addition, the NAS fleet manager provides day-to-day EUM of the NAS-provided vehicle fleet and spare parts.

On-site inventories are conducted by the NAS Director, NAS police adviser, NAS communication technician, NAS Computer System Managers, NAS Port Advisor, and NAS logistics coordinator. Spot checks are conducted each time a NAS program officer visits a field site. The computer systems manager assists with periodic inventories of computer equipment primarily located in Guatemala City, while the communications technician conducts detailed inventory of all communications equipment located around the country and at the radio repeater sites. The NAS inventory management system, AMMS 6, is used to generate a detailed list of NAS equipment at the various field locations. Inventories are conducted a minimum of once a year.

The NAS warehouse issues all items using standard receiving reports to verify receipt by the receiving agency. These records are verified by the NAS Logistics Coordinator and monitored by NAS program officers during field inspections. Periodic on-site visits, generally performed at least quarterly, are the primary means of assessing resource status and helps to minimize loss or misuse. All sites with NAS equipment are visited at least semiannually. Post inspects even the remote sites with only unattended radio equipment three to four times a year as part of routine assistance or service visits. Routine trips by the NAS program managers and technicians provide an opportunity for EUM, assessment of impact on existing program resources, and identification of additional requirements/deletions to increase project effectiveness.

Status

Vehicles

The vast majority of the vehicles is dedicated to the Counternarcotics Police (SAIA). They are used nationwide by SAIA agents in support of counternarcotics operations. The previous narcotics police, DOAN, was dissolved and replaced by the SAIA with largely new agents. All vehicles receive routine preventive and corrective maintenance by the NAS automotive shop. When the shop is not capable of performing the maintenance, the work is evaluated by the NAS mechanic and vehicle control officer and contracted out.

Poor road conditions in areas of counternarcotics operations cause tremendous wear and tear to the vehicles. Continuous maintenance to vehicles is necessary. Negligent drivers involved in accidents have been obligated by the SAIA administration to pay for the repairs in most cases. The NAS has implemented a driver's education course for the SAIA. This course is resulting in better driving habits.

Communications Equipment

The NAS supports the SAIA’s nationwide UHF/FM secure/non-secure radio network. The network consists of handheld radios, vehicle radios, base stations and a nationwide system of 14 remote site repeaters. This system provides nationwide command and control of counternarcotics operations. Remote repeater sites are inventoried on scheduled visits.

NAS received almost $200,000 of radio equipment in CY-2002. The equipment will upgrade the present SAIA radio communications system that changed frequencies from VHF to UHF. The NAS and SAIA communications technicians conduct regular End Use Monitoring inspections of all communications equipment throughout the host nation, while performing regularly scheduled maintenance.

The NAS maintains cellular phones with their respective accessories to assist in providing essential telephone communications. NAS officers and advisors, the SAIA, the Public Ministry, and Minister of Government personnel are assigned this equipment. Most units are maintained by the NAS radio laboratory.

Computer Equipment

The NAS purchased 142 computers with their respective monitors, 4 laptops, 36 printers, 5 LAN servers, 54 UPS's and miscellaneous hardware and software items. The computers were installed in the NAS offices, SAIA facilities at the SAIA headquarters in Guatemala City, the Public Ministry, and Guatemalan Immigration. The units are used to support counternarcotics and demand reduction operations nationwide. Many of these units were bought for the various Mitch-funded projects, while others are bought to replace ADP equipment that in many cases was over 10 years old. All computers are serviced and upgraded to meet the needs of the users.

Vessels

In 1997, the NAS provided several Zodiac inflatable boats with 40 hp motors and two 25' locally produced fiberglass boats (Tiburoneras), with 75 hp outboard motors to the Guatemalan National Counternarcotics Police Unit. The Zodiac inflatable boats dry rotted and their motors were used on other types of seized vessels or flat bottom boats. All but one of the motors has ceased to function for lack of maintenance or was destroyed through improper use. Both of the Tiburoneras are operational. One is located on a trailer in the SAIA facility at Puerto Santo Tomas on the Caribbean coast; the other Tiburonera is operational. It is located on a trailer in the SAIA facility at Puerto Quetzal on the Pacific Coast.

JICC

The Guatemalan Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) is located in SAIA central headquarters. The JICC was provided 11 computers with respective monitors; 1 server; and 2 printers in 1999. The JICC consists of 10 workstations, a server, and associated hardware. The equipment is maintained by SAIA and NAS-contracted computer technicians. The NAS technician works at the JICC on a daily basis.

The JICC stores and collates information to help develop intelligence for possible support to SAIA investigations and operations. The JICC maintains a wide range of information including a list of known traffickers, vehicle license plates, aircraft and boat registration numbers, phone numbers, etc. It also operates the 24-hour drug hot line, which callers can anonymously provide information on illicit activity. The Guatemalan JICC is one of the better equipped JICC's in the region. The computers are linked to the server through a Local Area Network (LAN) cable connection, which is also linked to the national police information management system via a fiber optic connection.

Its major downfall is access to relevant databases from the private and government sector as there is strong resistance to share information and general distrust for the police. The NAS has placed a strong emphasis on developing the JICC. Thr NAS, together with ICITAP, has purchased a link analysis program and training for personnel to get them up to speed on current software. The information and software have already surpassed the capacity of the equipment. Therefore, the NAS has already begun a plan for purchasing new computers, servers, and associated equipment to meet the future needs of the JICC. The equipment is being used to capacity. The construction of adequate databases and a good intelligence system manger to give direction to the personnel and the intelligence collection effort is needed.

Construction

Electric Upgrades-An electric upgrade of the Regional counternarcotics Training Center facility was required to satisfy the on-going needs and in anticipation of future requirements. Guidance was provided by FBO. The facility provides personnel training for SAIA and counternarcotics entities throughout the region. The facility also provides training for Guatemalan and regional counternarcotics canine units. The project was begun in April 2002 and is scheduled for completion in April 2003.

Septic Leach field-The construction of a Septic Leach Field at the regional Counternarcotics Training Center was required to satisfy the on-going needs and in anticipation of future requirements of the facility. The project was begun in April and was completed in July 2002.

Guatemala Public Ministry-This project consists of remodeling the Public Ministry's Special Task Force unit's office located in Guatemala City. It was begun in June and was completed in August of 2002. The facility provides office space for the host government Special Investigative Task Force assigned to the Public Ministry's anticorruption prosecutors.

Remodeling SAIA Border Facility-This project consisted of remodeling and upgrading physical security for drug detecting canines and electrical upgrades to the SAIA police unit located in Pedro de Alvarado, Jutiapa. The project was begun in June and was completed in August 2002.

Canine Training Facility

The regional Canine Narcotics Detection Training School at Lagos Los Pinos can house up to 40 dogs. The SAIA currently has 40 dogs in service throughout the Republic of Guatemala. The canine teams are used to examine containers, luggage, vehicles, fixed and mobile checkpoints. The NAS has developed BPA contracts with a veterinarian for the animals to receive regularly scheduled vaccinations and to provide dry food and fuel for transportation of SAIA personnel and canines throughout the country. Routine refresher training and an annual recertification have been the cornerstones to keeping the program successful and energetic. All dogs are healthy. Two canines will be retired from service this year having reached the end of their useful working life.

Miscellaneous Items

The NAS purchased five night vision goggles to assist with night seizures. Four goggles are assigned to SAIA headquarters and are being used during operations. One unit is at the NAS warehouse.

The incinerator is located at the new SAIA headquarters and is used for destruction of drugs. Post has used the incinerator to destroy several metric tons of cocaine. The NAS bought two additional contraband detector buster kits. They are used by the U.S. Custom’s advisor, post security personnel, and SAIA forces to detect narcotic trafficking via containers and vehicles. These items are controlled by the NAS Customs adviser.

Impact

In 2002, Guatemala was not certified by the USG primarily due to rampant corruption and a notable increase in the seizures in spite of regular U.S. technical assistance and training. The historic problems of widespread corruption, acute lack of resources, and frequent personnel turnover in law enforcement and other GOG agencies continue to plague the GOG and negatively affects their ability to deal with narcotrafficking and organized crime. The SAIA Regional Counternarcotics Training Center, the canine program, and demand reduction are the programs that continue to have the greatest success.

While 2002 was a bad year for the GOG's counternarcotics efforts, it probably would have been worse without USG assistance. The canines, the anti-smuggling unit, and the airport task force, all contributed significantly to the seizures of 2002. In addition, the new narcotics police received extensive USG training in human rights, leadership, case management, and investigations. This training is crucial to ensuring that the SAIA becomes a modern, efficient, and professional force. Without USG assistance and resources, the SAIA would have very limited capability to move, communicate, mount operations, and conduct investigations.

The Public Ministry programs offered a more marked benefit from our assistance. The Guatemalan Financial Investigative Unit was formed and received extensive training. A money laundering prosecutor's office was opened as well in the Public Ministry. The anti-corruption Prosecutor's Office received significant USG support and actually begun to make successful cases against corrupt GOG officials.

Problems

Poor road conditions in the majority of areas where counternarcotics operations are conducted hamper the proper function of the vehicles and necessitate frequent maintenance. The NAS has incorporated a driver education course for the SAIA and as a result is decreasing poor and negligent driving habits. The quality and consistency of the electricity in Guatemala is inferior to that in the United States. Post regularly replaces or repairs equipment that is damaged by fluctuations or spikes in the electricity.

MANAGUA

Procedures

The DEA Special Agents and post personnel take advantage of opportunities provided by regular programs to verify the proper use and ongoing maintenance of equipment acquired with INL funds. The Embassy also receives written and oral feedback from recipients regarding the use of provided equipment. Post has created a database for commodities the Embassy has donated to the Police that records donated items, serial numbers, and their locations.

Status

In general, equipment delivered to post counterparts is adequately maintained and is used for its intended purposes.

Vehicles

The majority of vehicles donated to the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP) are attached to the NNP Drug Unit. Nine vehicles and thirty-six motorcycles have been given to the unit. All remain in use. The motorcycles are distributed throughout the country at various regional police offices. In addition to these vehicles, post has equipped two special units for the NNP Drug Unit: a Mobile Inspection Unit (MIU) and a Mobile Surveillance Unit (MSU). The MIU has two vans, a vehicle for carrying canines, two motorcycles, and a full set of entry and inspection tools.

During 2002, post purchased a fiber optic scope that is being used with the MIU. The unit is based in Managua and has been employed regularly along Nicaragua's northern and southern borders. Seven of the vehicles are employed in the surveillance of drug suspects and in interviewing informants.

During 2000, INL donated two pick-up trucks to the Civil Inspection Unit (UIC) as part of Hurricane Mitch Program. In addition, post donated a Mazda pick-up and ten motorcycles to the NNP Internal Affairs Unit (UAI). In 2002, the UAI reported that one motorcycle was stolen in Managua. INL also purchased one Toyota Van, one Toyota pick-up, and ten motorcycles for the Anti-Corruption Unit (UAC). All vehicles remain in police use.

Vessels

In 1998, INL purchased a Boston Whaler for the NNP. It is based in Bluefield's. The boat has persistent engine problems and remains in storage.

INL is refurbishing a boat for the Nicaraguan Navy that should become operational in the spring of 2003. During 2002, INL Managua made a variety of purchases for the Nicaraguan Navy, including lifejackets, whistles, lights, flares, compasses, radars, radios and various other tracking and communications devices. This equipment has been used in joint counternarcotics operations between the NNP, the Nicaraguan Navy and U.S. law enforcement vessels. Operations with U.S. law enforcement vessels are ongoing.

Computer Equipment

INL purchased computers, monitors, and miscellaneous hardware and software items for the NNP. In 1999-2000, the NNP received 17 computers, two scanners, nine printers, and 12 uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) for the unit's JICC. DEA also donated one computer to the unit. The computers have been integrated into the JICC system. The NNP is using the computers to gather and catalogue information on suspected drug traffickers at the JICC. Post is creating a computer network for the NNP Drug Office.

Forty computers, forty UPS's, ten printers, two laptops, and software were procured for use in creating an Anti-Corruption Task Force within the NNP. The unit has been operational since 2001. The Task Force is now at work on a number of high profile cases of government corruption.

Communications Equipment

In 1999, post donated two repeaters and thirty-six radios to the NNP Narcotics Unit. They are all in use. The Narcotics Unit used satellite phones to communicate with the Mobile Inspection Unit when it operates in remote areas of Nicaragua. During 2002, post donated seven cellular telephones no longer being used by AID to the Internal Affairs Unit and five to the NNP Drug Unit.

Inspection Equipment

Two contraband detector buster kits, tools, and inspection equipment are used by the GON police forces to detect narcotic trafficking via containers and vehicles. The Special Drug Police has been using this equipment and has had successful results.

During 2000, Post installed ten closed circuit television cameras for use by the Narcotics Unit at the Managua International Airport. Six more cameras were installed during 2002. The NNP uses these cameras to conduct surveillance of the airport area and to monitor suspicious persons. They have contributed to a number of investigations.

Construction

In 2000, post signed an LOA with the GON that committed the USG to build a vehicle inspection Station at Pena's Blanca's on the southern border with Costa Rica. The station was inaugurated in August 2002. It is now operational and in use. It has contributed to recent drug seizures. Future plans to set up a computer network and to integrate information with Customs will enhance the station's effectiveness.

Twelve dogs were delivered to the canine unit in 2002. A comprehensive canine program was conducted that included extensive training for the dog handlers. This unit has already participated in several drug busts. The dogs will be based in various areas of the country, including Pena's Blancas on the southern border with Costa Rica, the Managua International airport, and the Atlantic Cost port of Bluefield's.

Office Equipment

In 1998, INL provided four fax machines and a copy machine for the NNP Drug Unit. One fax is located at the airport, two at the Narcotics Police Headquarters, and one at the Regional Police Office in the Department of Rivas. The photocopy machine is at Managua International Airport where it serves as part of the NNP Narcotics Unit.

Problems

The main problem identified in last year's report was the repair and maintenance of the 26-foot Boston Whaler. During 2001, the NNP told DEA that it would take responsibility for the repair of this vessel but has never made good on the promised repairs. Post plans to build a combined Nicaraguan Police-Navy boat repair facility in Bluefield's. The Navy has particular expertise in the engines used in the Boston Whaler. Post hopes the Navy can repair the vessel either for service or sale.

The NNP Drug Police have asked post to provide major maintenance and overhauls for expensive donated items, leaving more routine care and upkeep to the NNP. Consequently, post made a series of preventive maintenance purchases in 2002. Post bought maintenance contracts for the generator at the Penas Blancas vehicle inspection station and purchased much needed Uninterruptible Power Supplies ( UPS's) for the NNP Drug Police Headquarters and for the ion scanner at Penas Blancas. Post will need to dedicate an increasing share of its budget to maintenance issues to ensure the sustainability of ongoing programs.

Impact

During 2002, the Narcotics Unit of the NNP continued to seize drugs transiting Nicaragua by land. The NNP significantly increased heroin seizures over the previous year. The K-9 unit, soon after its start in the fall, contributed to a number of drug busts. The NNP 's Anti-Corruption base has been working on a series of high profile cases of GON corruption, including a number involving former high government officials from a previous administration.


MEXICO CITY

Procedures

End Use Monitoring was conducted through on-site visits and spot checks by the NAS and other USG personnel. The Office of the Attorney General (PGR) provided reports on the state of USG helicopters and fixed wing aircraft leased from the USG. Financial accounting reports were submitted by other recipient institutions.

Recipient institutions signed Notes of Agreement (NOA) with the NAS upon the delivery of all major non-expendable commodities. These NOA's specified the items donated, their quantities, descriptions, serial numbers, intended uses and locations as well as the regulative authority for donation and receipt of such goods.

Status

Aircraft

The PGR furnished monthly reports to the NAS on the location and use of the 25 UH-1H helicopters leased to the PGR by the USG. The NAS program coordinator and FSN traveled to Guadalajara, Acapulco, and Chetumal, and Chilpancingo to conduct End Use Monitoring. They confirmed the stationing of INL helicopters at locations specified by the PGR in their monthly reports. They are distributed as follows: Hermosillo (4); Mexicalli (2); Culiacan (2); Guadalajara (2); Chetumal (2); Tapachula (3); Mexico City (5); Acapulco (4); Nuevo Laredo (1). PGR officials maintain all facilities in a clean and operational status. At these locations, lack of spare parts caused by budget constraints hampered work.

The U.S. military support for Vietnam-era UH-1H helicopters will phase out by 2008. The NAS has decided to refurbish the helicopters through an existing Defense Department contract.

In addition to the UH-1H's, the PGR operated 39 USG donated aircraft. They included: twenty (20) Bell 206 B-III's; three (3) Bell 212 helicopters; one (1) Bell 212 UH-1N; twelve (13) Bell 206 airplanes; and two (2) Dehavilland DNC-6 Twin Otter airplanes. They are distributed as follows: Mexico City (2); Culican (7); Guadalajara (8); Chilpancingo (6); Acapulco (4); Cuernavaca (5); Chihuahua (1); Toluca (1); Hermosillo (1); Irupana (1); Oaxaca (1); Tlalpa (1).

Average availability rates for helicopters in the PGR Air Services Directorate declined during 2002. Post anticipates that such rates will continue to decline until the UH-1H's undergo refurbishment. The average availability rate for 2002 was 47.58%. The PGR uses a standard aviation maintenance figure of 20% of aircraft down at any given time for routine maintenance.

Maintenance-PGR personnel continued to perform depot-level maintenance for UH-1H helicopters in Mexico City. They conducted major maintenance for the fixed-wing Cessna 206 and 210 fleet in Cuernavaca and for larger aircraft in Mexico City, Guadalajara, or at commercial facilities. PGR personnel performed intermediate 4-level rotary or fixed-wing maintenance at Culiacan, Oaxaca, Chihuahua, Uruapan, Tapachula and Chetumal. Aircraft located at Forward Operational Bases (FOB) are rotated to these bases for maintenance beyond FOB's capabilities. Embassy personnel visited facilities in Mexico City, Guadalajara, Acapulco, Chilpancingo, and Chetumal, judging them to be clean and efficiently maintained and operated.

Computer Equipment

The NAS turned over thirty-three (33) computers and four printers to the SIU in 2001. All equipment was in working condition and being used at SIU facilities in Mexico City to further narcotics-related investigations.

The Mexican Office of the Attorney General established the Special Unit of the Prosecutor for Money Laundering in 2001. In 2002, NAS provided computer hardware, including workstations and servers, and software to support the unit's analytical efforts. A NAS project officer confirmed that unit personnel used equipment for stipulated purposes.

The institution-building project of the National Drug Control Planning Center (CENDRO) involved installation of a significantly upgraded center for CENDRO, design and installation of state-of-the-art voice and data communications lines, and a new system architecture. The activity resulted in the purchase and installation of over 350 individual computer workstations, nine servers, enhanced systems management software, refurbishment of alarm systems, and more powerful analytical software. The system will become a nation-wide data network with access to drug-related criminal information for the PGR. NAS staff visited CENTRO on numerous occasions throughout the year and confirmed that CENTRO personnel used the computer equipment for the enhancement of counternarcotics and other major crime investigations.

NAS personnel invested over six million dollars in refurbishment of offices spaces and installation of a Local Area Network (LAN), computers and peripherals, a sophisticated voice over Internet Protocol (Voice over IP) for use by the Federal Investigative Agency (AFI). The AFI conducts federal investigations leading to arrests of criminals involved in eleven categories of organized crimes. NAS officers routinely visited AFI facilities and attested to the proper use of all donated equipment.

Vehicles

The 55 vehicles donated to the PGR are subject to relocation. DEA, NAS, and other Embassy personnel monitor such vehicles randomly during visits to different cities in Mexico. To enhance investigative operations, PGR manages frequent transfer of such vehicles from one city to another in Mexico. The fleet consists of Jettas, VW sedans, Nissan pickups, Kawasaki and Yamaha motorcycles. NAS personnel verify the locations of the vehicles once the transfers are completed.

The NAS donated 10 motorcycles and five trailers to the Mexican Immigration Service (INM) and twelve Ford Lobo pickup trucks to the SIU's. The 12 Ford Lobo pick-up trucks proved inappropriate for surveillance missions by SIU personnel. The PGR, with DEA and NAS concurrence, exchanged them for other less visible vehicles. Two armored vehicles were reassigned in 2001 to the new Vetted Units coordinators in PGR.

In 2002, post donated a used NAS vehicle, declared as excess property, to a drug rehabilitation project, The Mexican City rotary club complimented post's efforts by matching the NAS grants and offering maintenance and service for the donated vehicle.

Defense Articles

Vehicles-506 (A) (2)-A fleet of 45 vehicles provided to the PGR under 1991 506 (A) (2) includes 12 pickup trucks (including cisterns), 10 transport vehicles, 8 maintenance trailers, 4 support vehicles, 4 military transport vehicles and 10 transport trucks. Normal usage combined with wear and tear of operating in remote and rugged locations has left six of these vehicles inoperable. Vehicles in this category perform services at permanent locations and are not rotated as frequently as pickup trucks.

The NAS will remove the inoperable military vehicles, two support trucks, and five pickups from the inventory and dispose of them per LOA and USG regulations. The NAS program coordinator is working with the PGR in assessing all of the support equipment. Some of the equipment on the NAS inventory is old and should be replaced. The NAS will conduct an assessment of current equipment, i.e., pick-up trucks, trailers, tanker trucks that was provided under security assistance programs to determine proper disposition.

Miscellaneous

In 2002, the NAS donated two used ion scanners to the Federal Preventive Police (PFP) and four CT-30 inspection kits to the Mexican Navy.

NAS officials supported the PGR's interdiction and eradication efforts in 2002 with the purchase of additional lab supplies and research materials to facilitate a bilateral opium crop yield survey. The NAS project coordinator visited the PGR laboratories in Vuliacan and Guerrero once during 2002. All equipment was being used as intended to support the opium yield survey.

Problems

Computer Maintenance

One of the most significant problems that the GOM will encounter is the need to retain competent computer systems administrators. The NAS has provided state-of-the-art computer equipment and Local Area Networks that require talented, trained technicians to maintain them. in proper working order. The GOM needs to establish a more effective way of retraining such people to take full advantage of the technology. Maintenance of these new systems at state-of-the -art levels will also require investment of funds over time.

PGR Airwing Technical Assistance

NAS personnel continued to support the PGR Air Wing. As a result of an assessment conducted in 2002, post developed a scope of work for technical assistance during a five-phase fleet management project. Post will need to pay careful attention to this project to ensure that the Attorney Generals' Office receives maximum benefit from the advice and efforts of contractors.

Impact

Program support provided in 2002 contributed to the Mexican government's capabilities and efforts against drug trafficking, terrorism and other types of organized crime. Bilateral law enforcement cooperation has reached unprecedented high levels, establishing frameworks for continued future cooperation. U.S. and Mexican officials continued to participate in several bilateral counternarcotics and law enforcement missions, resulting in greater sharing of information during 2002.

The Mexican government reported seizures of over 12 metric tons of cocaine, 1,838 metric tons of marijuana, 254 kilograms of heroine, and 386 kilograms of methamphetamine during the year. Authorities arrested over 6,500 drug traffickers and confiscated 1,815 vehicles, 116 boats, and 34 aircraft.

Illicit cultivation in Mexico continued to occur at small fields dispersed in remote locations. Cultivators, particularly in northern Mexico, began employing techniques comparable to commercial agriculture, resulting in higher yields per acre. The Mexican Government conducted a robust eradication program. The Mexican Army deployed 20,000 or more soldiers at any time to eradicate marihuana and poppy fields manually. The PGR continued to employ helicopters to spray herbicides on marijuana and opium poppy crops, complementing Mexican military efforts.

The Mexican government continued to dismantle drug trafficking organizations by arresting major drug kingpins and their lieutenants.

Program Changes

The NAS has requested a full field inspection of the PGR fleet that includes both USG leased and donated helicopters. Post feels that this technical evaluation is necessary due to the age of the UH-1H helicopters (39 years old). Based on the outcome of the evaluation, the NAS, in consultation with INL and the GOM, will make a determination on the future of the NAS Airwing support.

NAS personnel anticipate further expansion of training courses in 2003 to include anti-corruption, ethics, management, and leadership training. Post will also promote additional courses involving specialized investigative techniques and greater participation by federal prosecutors.

PANAMA CITY

Procedures

A formal on-site inventory was conducted. The NAS also conducted a random spot-check during October 2002 to follow the Non-Expendable Property Application and Stock Control System (NEPA) reconciliation process. Additionally, the NAS and the embassy's law enforcement agencies' personnel conduct informal EUM during their regular contact with their Panamanian counterparts.

NEPA is used for all project property. These records are maintained in the NEPA inventory system and constantly updated for new donations, return of old or non-working items or NAS-approved transfers between institutions. The majority of the GOP agencies for whom EUM is conducted now retain copies of NAS inventories as well as facilitate property control and EUM activities. The NAS also has a digital camera, which is used to record the inventory visually for future comparison.

Post expects to complete the changeover to the new NEPA system in 2003, re-entering items as necessary.

Status

Computer and Office Equipment

Judicial Technical Police (PTJ)- Most of the computer equipment is located at the main office in Panama City and the Tocumen International Airport and Gelabert Domestic Airport Counternarcotics office and PTJ's office Anti-Narcotics Division in Colon and PTJ's office Anti-narcotics Division. Computer equipment is used by anti-narcotics personnel to compile investigative information, gather statistics on drug-related crimes and seizures, and update records on detained individuals.

NAS Panama has donated one computer to the Judicial Identification Center, enabling the NAS to obtain police records for compliance with the 487 certification program.

Banking Superintendency (previously the National Banking Commission)-In 1995, INL provided modems, software, hard disks, Simms memory chips (for the server), 32 UPS', and additional equipment required to make the existing USAID-donated computer system operational. Other NAS-funded computer equipment includes a Pentium server, Pentium workstations with UPS, and data base software. Since the Banking Superintendency is a self-financing entity, post has not donated any equipment since 1995. Superintendent personnel use equipment to conduct banking regulatory activities and to share information with the Financial Analysis Unit. All INL-donated equipment is in good working condition.

Ministry of Education Drug Prevention-INL items donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention include office furniture and equipment such as desks, chairs, tables, filing cabinets, fax machine, copier, computer, typewriters, etc. Equipment is located at the Drug Prevention Office in the Ministry of Education Building located in downtown Panama City or at the Drug Education and Information Center (CENAID) at Albrook.

The equipment is used to support the Ministry of Education's demand reduction programs and to assist students and teachers. The project focuses on assisting the Ministry in training youth leaders, supporting the highly successful trainers workshops. CENAID's donated items are in good condition.

Immigration and Naturalization-INL purchased 28 computers for the Directorate of Immigration and Naturalization (DMN) Department in December of 1996. This equipment constitutes only a small part of an automated lookout system. The computers are being used as stand-alone word processing units throughout Immigration headquarters. The computers enable Immigration to maintain records and correspondence.

Customs-INL donated computer equipment to the Panama Customs Service to upgrade an existing system. The donated items include one computer work station, four Wyse terminals and keyboards, two modems, and one laser printer. Equipment is located at the main office in Curundu. Customs failed to account for most of the INL-donated equipment. Because of the continuing problems with the unaccountability for donated items, no items were donated in 2002.

Financial Analysis Unit (FAU)-The FAU became fully operational in July 1996. INL donated computer hardware, software, and all office equipment to implement a Panama City Office and upgrade an existing computer LAN in the Colon Free Zone administrative office. The equipment includes 28 computers, software, and Pentium servers. In 1998, the NAS provided additional computer equipment: 16 computer workstations, five printers, a fax machine, a typewriter Pentium servers, Oracle software, Simms memory chips. The equipment is used by the FAU personnel to input suspicious transaction reports and to analyze such reports to detect money laundering patterns. Maintenance is the responsibility of the FAU and appears to be adequate. The NAS donated new computer equipment in 2000 and 2001 to upgrade the FAU's server and computer network. This upgrade includes a sophisticated analytic program to detect money-laundering patterns better. Maintenance of all items is excellent.

The National Commission for the Prevention Rehabilitation and Study of Drug Addiction (CONAPRED)-INL-funded equipment consists of computer hardware and printers, office furniture and equipment such as telephones and fax machines. Equipment is located at the CONAPRED office in downtown, Panama City. Equipment is used by CONAPRED officials and volunteers in conducting demand reduction seminars and for the dissemination of anti-drug information. Most of the commodities are maintained by CONAPRED and is in good condition.

JICC-The JICC is fully operational and capable of exchanging information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama. All equipment is located in the former Howard Air Force Base this year. The computers are used by JICC personnel for information collection, analysis and dissemination and to exchange information with law enforcement officials throughout Panama and with DEA's El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC). The JICC also shares information with other JICC offices in the Caribbean and Central America. Maintenance of all equipment has been excellent. Newer equipment is in good working condition. The JICC maintains a detailed inventory in their computer system.

National Air Service (SAN)-INL-funded equipment consists of computers, printers, and a UPS. All equipment is based out of the SAN’s headquarters at Tocumen Airport. The equipment is used to support surveillance activity and to maintain the SAN’s counterdrug database. INL-funded equipment is in generally good working condition. The SAN maintains excellent records and accountability of INL donated equipment.

Computer equipment has been maintained and serviced. Most of the computers need to be upgraded.

National Maritime Service (SMN)-INL funded a desktop and a laptop computer. The computers remain in working condition. In FY-00, post donated computer equipment to the SMN's Anti-Narcotics Intelligence Department (DIAN). The computers remain in good working condition, except for the laptop, which is missing. As a result the NAS has determined that no additional laptops will be donated to the SMN.

Drug Prosecutor’s Office-The NAS provided a computer, printer, and fax machines, a photocopier, other office furniture, and UPS for the use of the deputy drug prosecutor. The equipment is located in the Avesa building in downtown Panama and in their Colon office. The equipment is used for maintaining files and building databases in support of prosecution of drug related/money laundering cases. The equipment is well kept and maintained and is being used for its intended purpose.

Colon Free Zone Administration (CFZ)-Computer equipment was donated to the CFZ administration office in 1996. All computer equipment is being used and in good working condition at the administration office. CFZ officials were very helpful in enabling the inspection of the donated equipment.

National Commission for Criminal Statistics Analysis (CONADEC)-In 2000, post replaced a server and six 10-year old computers. It also provided Oracle software so that CONADEC would be complaint with the Oracle software used by other GOP entities. All equipment is well maintained and in excellent condition.

Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) Office-The NAS has provided computers, printers, UPS and other word processing equipment. Most of the equipment donated was available and in good working condition. However, NAS was unable to locate a monitor and printer. The MLAT has not responded to the discrepancy. No further donated equipment will be provided until a satisfactory response is received.

Communications Equipment

PTJ communications equipment is located at various repeater sites: Santa Rita and Cerro Azul in Panama province, Volcan Baru at Chiriqui, and Cerro Grande in San Blas. Other communications equipment such as portable car and hand-held radios are functioning and are monitored from the PTJ Communications Division at the PTJ headquarters in Panama City. Maintenance of communications equipment appears to be good. Inventory records are maintained in the PTJ computer files and are periodically updated and checked against NAS inventory records.

In 1997, INL purchased 20 hand-held radios, which are part of a radio communications network that was donated to the Immigration Directorate in 1998 for use in border and port regions to support operations. This network included twelve mobile radios, two repeaters, and three base stations. Post found that some of the radios are damaged. Post informed the newly assigned DNM officer in charge of controlling EUM assets to report this discrepancy.

The 20 hand-held radios and radio communications network donated to the DNM in January 1999 continues to be used in border and port operations. However, post found some of the radios had been damaged and informed the newly assigned DMN officer to report his discrepancy. Post remains uncertain whether the DNM is capable of controlling NAS-donated equipment. Post will scrutinize any future donations for the DNM.

A scanner, digital camera, CD writer, and 4 cellular phones were donated to the SAN's Intelligence Unit in CY-2000. One of the cellular phones was stolen. SAN has provided a copy of the police report. The Unit uses the equipment to provide valuable assistance to DEA, including photos of clandestine airstrips, tracking movement of suspected airplanes, tracking movements of suspect airplanes, identifying ownership and criminal antecedents of suspect airplanes, surveillance activity, maintaining the SAN's counterdrug database and sharing aircraft intelligence received from the SAN's Colombian counterparts.

Vehicles

The JICC Durango was returned to post at NAS' request in nonfunctioning condition after the NAS learned that the JICC director used it for personal, unauthorized use repeatedly. The 1993 Jeep Cherokee is being used only for local deliveries of sensitive information.

Post provided 4 heavy-duty trucks to the SMN in FY-01. A Jeep Cherokee was donated to the Cruz Blanca office in downtown Panama.

Vessels

INL-funded items in 1998 consisted of three tool kits for SMN's MK-4 patrol boats used exclusively for counter drug-patrols. There has been a notable improvement in the patrol boats’ readiness status since receipt of the kits. A 22-foot inflatable boat (Zodiac) was donated in 2002. The SMN fleet is very well maintained. All new equipment is in good working condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Video equipment, two gasoline pumps, and binoculars were donated to the SAN; office furniture/equipment, bulletproof vests, fax machine, video equipment, tape recorders, raid jackets, bulletproof vests, and a shredder were donated to the PTJ; telephones, fax machine, and a photocopier were donated to CONAPRED and the Drug Prosecutor's Office; desks, fax machines and typewriters were donated to the Ministry of Education Drug Prevention Office and the FAU; refrigerator and fax machine were donated to the Colon Free Zone (CFZ). The equipment is well maintained. However, the photocopier continues to require repair frequently. It appears to be approaching the end of its useful life.

Panama Customs has failed to account for most INL-donated equipment, including the circuit video system for use in the airport boarding area.

In FY-01, post provided camcorders and cases, a PowerPoint projector and fax machines to the SMN.

Impact

INL-funded support significantly enhances the GOP's law enforcement agencies narcotics and crime control capabilities. The INL support consisted of funding for the procurement of commodities and services, training and joint operational activities. Without NAS project funding, the GOP's law enforcement efforts would be severely crippled.

SAN JOSE

Procedures

The Embassy's Narcotics Affairs Officer, U.S. Coast Guard adviser and DEA special Agents periodically visit Costa Rican counterdrug installations and verify the proper use and continued maintenance of equipment acquired with International Narcotics Control funds. The embassy receives written and oral feedback from recipients regarding the use of provided equipment. Regular monitoring of INL-supported projects provides an on-going opportunity for specific End Use Monitoring, program evaluation, and identification of additional ways to increase program effectiveness.

Embassy augmented the Non-Expendable Property Inventory System (NEPA) instituted last year by transferring it to a basic spreadsheet program. Each piece of equipment delivered to the Government of Costa Rica (GOCR) counterpart agencies is identified by an internal control inventory. Each equipment delivery is also documented with a specific receipt document signed by an Embassy representative and the senior official from the recipient GOCR agency. The receipt document specifies the equipment being donated and notes the inventory number and manufacturer's serial number.

Status

Patrol Boats

Six 24-ft Rigid Hull Inflatable (RHI) fast patrol craft were transferred to the Coast Guard in 2002. Each RHI is equipped with two Honda 130 HP outboard engines and compete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. Two are stationed at the Pacific Port of Golfito; two are stationed at the Pacific Port of Puntarenas; and two are stationed at the Caribbean Port of Limon. The RHI is a multi-mission vessel that allows the Costa Rican Coast Guard to conduct coastal maritime law enforcement operations. They are properly maintained and used for their intended purposes.

Three 82-foot decommissioned USCG cutters were transferred to the GOCR Coast Guard in 1999 and 2001. The Costa Rican Coast Guard ships named Juan Rafael Mora, Pancha Carrasco, and Juan Santamaria respectively are stationed in Golfito on the Costa Rica. The transfer packages accompanying these transfers included the re-fitting of all electronics and communications systems, training for the Costa Rican Coast Guard crews, and a full complement of spare parts.

The Costa Rican Coast Guard director was fired by the Ministry of Security on December 15,2002, for misuse of the cutters following a 10-week investigation by the Costa Rican Attorney General's Office. The investigation was spurred by a national news story with photos of one of the 82-foot donated patrol boats with 30-plus civilians on board in swimming attire. The Ministry of Public Security is starting a search for a new director.

Two 26-foor fiberglass fast boats were donated to the Ministry of Public Security in 2002. Each fast boat is equipped with two 120 horsepower Mercruiser diesel engines, complete rigging, electronics, and safety equipment. They are currently impounded by a court order due to a civil court action brought against the manufacturer; therefore, they are non-operational. Post will continue to monitor the situation.

Zodiacs purchased previously for the Maritime Section continue to be actively used in ship boardings in Costa Rican territorial waters. An additional Zodiac is maintained by the Embassy DEA for use by the Interagency Drug Task Force. It continues to be used during joint law enforcement operations such as Central Skies and Libertador.

Vehicles

INL funded the purchase of three Nissan Sentra vehicles for the Organization for Judicial Investigation (OIJ) in 1995. INL has previously provided the OIJ, PCD, and the Ministry of Health with 34 vehicles ranging from vans and four-wheel drive vehicles to sedans and motorcycles. These organizations continue to use these vehicles for counterdrug activities. Both agencies exercise tight controls over usage and have regular maintenance programs.

Post INL funds were used in 1999 as partial payment for the trade-in of used vehicles for two newer model vehicles for use by National Counternarcotics Center (CICAD) personnel. The two vehicles are housed at CICAD headquarters. Post is satisfied that these vehicles are used for counternarcotics purposes and are adequately maintained. No other vehicles have been procured with INC funds for GOCR agencies in the last five years.

Computers

In 2002, post donated a Compaq computer, Toshiba laptop computer, HP office jet printer, Sony digital camera, and a Sony camcorder to the Costa Rican Coast Guard (SNGC). The equipment is located at the Coast Guard station in Golfito. It is being used for its intended purpose. In 2002, post funded the installation of a computer network for the Ministry of the Presidency (CICAD). This network allows computers previously donated in 2001 to be linked, thereby dramatically increasing their effectiveness and ability to share and disseminate information.

The network, computers, printers at Costa Rica's JICC are being properly maintained and used for their intended purpose. In 2002, post donated computers and peripherals consisting of a Jaguar computer with viewsonic monitor, Microsoft software, HD DeskJet printer to the Ministry of Health. The equipment is in the office in San Jose. It is being used for its intended purpose. In 2001,post donated computers and peripherals to the various Departments within the Ministry of Public security. All computers are being used for their intended purposes. The computer equipment located at the OIJ Narcotics Section offices in San Jose is being used daily in support of ongoing counterdrug operations/initiatives.

Communications Equipment

In 2002, post funded the purchase of a new communications network for the SNGC and SVA bases, vessels, and aircraft. It is currently deployed throughout the country. However, the system was non-operational during 2002. ICE (the state-owned telecommunications monopoly) has not provided the frequencies to be programmed into the radios. Public Security leadership is working to encourage rapid establishment of the required frequencies.

Canine Units

The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) Canine Unit occupies two kennel locations. One kennel building is located adjacent to the Ministry's Air Surveillance Section facilities, which are contiguous with the Juan Santamaria International Airport. The second kennel facility is in the San Jose suburb of Pavas. Both facilities are adequately maintained with enough kennel space for the dogs. They offer complete protection from the weather. The MPS Canine Unit consists of 15 dogs of which 9 are drug detector dogs; 3 are explosives detectors; and 3 are used for search and rescue.

The drug detector dogs are primarily used at the international airport and the northern border crossing of Penas Blancas. The MPS's Drug Control Police also regularly use the canine unit in law enforcement operations. The dogs and guides are well trained and the unit holds regular refresher exercises. The unit's current deputy is a regionally recognized expert trainer who has received praise from USG canine officials for his expertise and training techniques. He has recently assisted NAS-Guatemala in a regional canine training school. The unit works with the Drug Control Police officials stationed at the international airport and has been actively involved in the recent increase of airport seizures of illicit narcotics being transported through Costa Rica via commercial airline passengers.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Five complete contraband detector kits or "busters" were donated to the PCD. The "busters" are being used on a daily basis. The equipment is deployed to the PCD delegations located at Paso Canoas, Penasbianas, Puntarenas, Puerto Limon and at the Juan Santamaria International Airport in San Jose. This equipment has proven valuable at the Paso Canoas port-of entry (Panama/cost Rica border) in detecting cocaine secreted in the false walls and tires of tractor-trailers crossing into Costa /Rica. In the last six months, an estimated 276 kgs. of cocaine were seized in two separate border interdiction events. The only problem associated with this equipment is the need to have the equipment periodically recalibrated.

Impact

The SNGC has participated in nine US/CS combined maritime counterdrug operations which has increased the deterrence factor along the Pacific and Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings; the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing (resulting in fines in excess of $325,000 for the GOCR); the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers; the direct hot-pursuit with disabling fire against a go-fast; the first successful prosecution of a maritime pollution incident in Costa Rican history, and rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers.

Communications and safety equity equipment provided to the SVA has allowed the SVA to conduct maritime counternarcotics detection patrols, further increasing the deterrence factor along both the Pacific and Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica. Computer systems donated to the various GODR agencies have increased interagency cooperation by allowing easier communications and information-sharing between agencies. This has led to a more integrated approach to counternarcotics operations and higher conviction rates.

The use of the OIJ audiovisual equipment has led to the corroboration of intelligence obtained by the OIJ and the DEA Costa Rica Office.

SAN SALVADOR

Procedures

The San Salvador INL program manager notifies Salvadoran law enforcement agencies of all INL donations through official letters. Salvadorian law enforcement agencies assign a control number to each piece of donated equipment and maintain an internal inventory. The San Salvador INL program manager also maintains an internal record of donated goods and periodically requests detailed inventories from the receiving agencies. Post personnel regularly visit the Anti-Narcotics Division (DAN) headquarters of the National Civilian Police (PNC), ports of entry, as well as the Attorney General's Financial Investigations Unit (FIU) and Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Attorney General's office, and monitor closely the status of donated items. The INL program manager receives additional reports on the physical condition of donated goods from the DEA country office. Salvadorian cooperation on the monitoring of goods donated by the USG is excellent.

Status

Communications Equipment

The PNC is installing repeaters, towers, and cables for the radio communications equipment donated in 2002. All of the communications equipment donated to the DAN during CY-2000 is located at headquarters in San Salvador and is being used for their intended purpose. All previously donated radio equipment, including parts for repair and beepers, are being used for their intended purpose.

Vehicles

The 76 motorcycles and 20 cars donated to the PNC and the six cars donated to the Attorney General's Office in 2002 remain in excellent condition. These vehicles have been assigned throughout the country and are being used for their intended purpose.

Post funds the maintenance costs for 23 vehicles donated to the DAN in previous years for use of the inspection teams, JICC, and the canine unit. These vehicles are based at the DAN headquarters in San Salvador and are being used for their intended purpose. Operational equipment is sent to the United States for maintenance and repairs. All of the equipment is not in working order at all times because of the DAN's funding shortages and delays in acquiring spare parts.

Canine Unit

All but two of the PNC's eleven canine dogs will soon be retired. Post plans to purchase eight new dogs for the canine unit as well as provide funding for the basic canine handler, administrator, and team leader courses. The dogs are the key to the drug interdiction effort.

JICC Facility

The computer equipment donated to the Joint Information and Communications Center (JICC) is being maintained properly. The USG donated equipment includes two servers and five computers for ports of entry to facilitate the storage of information and enhance the communication between headquarters and posts at the ports of entry. INL funds cover payment of a three-year service contract for use of a router and a digital telephone line. This allows the JICC to access databases of different government agencies, such as the National Registry of Property and Ministry of Treasury.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Periodic checks found that the field operations equipment, including ballistic vests, battering rams, electronic listening devices, head gear, cameras, and video cameras are being used and are in good condition.

The three portable electric generators, hand tools to inspect vehicles, 20 tents, 30 radios, and 300 extra radio batteries donated for the DAN inspection team in 2001 are being used to conduct interdiction operations along the two most used transnational routes, the Pan-American and Littoral Highways. They are all in good condition.

The computers and server provided to the FIU are in good condition and are being used for the intended purpose.

Impact

Salvadoran law enforcement has increased its ability to carry out its anti-narcotics mission. In 2002, INL-donated equipment played a role in the DAN's seizure of 2,066.5 kgs. of cocaine and 13.2 kgs. of heroin. The equipment provided to the FIU has been key to their ability to investigate money-laundering cases.

TEGUCIGALPA

Procedures

EUM inspections are conducted on a regular basis with the Directorate in the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (DLNC), the Frontier Police, the JICC, the National Council Against Drug Trafficking, and the Honduran Institute for the Prevention of Alcoholism Drug Addiction and the Pharmaco-Dependency (IHADFA). Constant interaction and communication with these organizations provided post's Political Section (POL) with satisfactory feedback for determining that provided INL resources are being used appropriately.

Status

Vehicles

The JICC has two Ranger pickup trucks and three 4-wheel drive vehicles. It received a pickup truck and a double cab with diesel engines in 2001.

The Elite Unit project, established during the second quarter of CY-2002, has three vehicles for use in its operations. Post purchased and received three SUV's (Jeep Cherokees) for canine transportation in 2000.

The FSN conducted a complete analysis of donated vehicles and drafted an extensive report including photographs depicting the vehicles' current condition. Post also established a plan for preventive/corrective maintenance control procedures that includes monthly control reports from the GOH agencies.

JICC

The JICC, established in 1993, continues to aid law enforcement efforts by providing critical tactical information on drug trafficking. In 2000, the JICC received one laptop computer, four CPU's and four monitors, one server, five uniform power supplies, one printer, eight keyboards, seven fax modems and one software program for remote communication.

Vessels

There are two 36-foot boats and two 25-foot boats in the maritime project. Overhauls were completed on the 36-footers. A new outboard motor was installed in one of the 25-footers. A complete change in filters, injectors, and turbo chargers was performed for both 36-footers. However, replacement of the fuel tanks, or a thorough cleaning of the current one is needed to overcome years of fuel debris and silt buildup that is creating problems in their performance. These issues are being addressed through local contractors.

Canine Unit

Nine dogs were provided in 2001. One died of natural causes combined with extreme weather and working conditions during an exercise. The remaining dogs are in excellent health. Canine facilities have been constructed in Tegucigalpa and at the CFTS project. Veterinarian services, food, and other supplies are provided through Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) .

Miscellaneous Items

The DLNC is using the following items: binoculars, cameras, televisions, fingerprint kits, holsters, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, one GPS unit, two data scopes, 50 test sticks for cocaine and 50 for THC, 50 test cups for drug analysis; four washers and four dryers.

Impact

Post's projects have had a positive impact on host country's overall anti-narcotics effort. A counternarcotics infrastructure is now in place capable of providing effective operational support for local, TAT, and DEA operations. Through constant monitoring and interaction, a sense of professionalism and accountability has been established with host country counternarcotics organizations. This has allowed resources to be more effectively deployed and better utilized.

VANCOUVER

Procedures

Post is monitoring the use of the excess U.S. Customs Service vessel provided to Government of Canada (GOC).

Status

INL transferred an excess U.S. Customs Services vessel to the Government of Canada in October 2002. The vessel, a 1985 Ocean Alexander MKII pilothouse, is fifty feet in length with a twin diesel engine. The vessel is being used by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Integrated Proceeds of Crime (IPOC) section in Vancouver. It is moored in the lower mainland area of Vancouver. The RCMP is in the process of using the vessel in a long-term undercover operation.

Impact

The vessel has had a positive impact on the antinarcotics mission and the relationship between the United States and Canada law enforcement officials.



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