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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

The Caribbean


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 2003
Report
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BRIDGETOWN

Procedures

Post is responsible for the INL-funded program in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The NAS staff member personally monitored equipment and met with the Police, the Coast Guard, the Financial Intelligence Unit and other officials to review the use of the equipment, training and services provided with INL funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with inspections.

Status

Barbados

Vehicles-The Mitsubishi L200 double cab purchased for the Barbados Airport Authority in 2001 is in good condition. One 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitara and one 1998 Mitsubishi sedan remain in good condition and are being used by the police Drug Squad. A new starter motor is being installed in the Drug Squad's second 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitara.

Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone at the Coast Guard is in good condition and in use often. One base station and four hand-held radios located at the Coast Guard are working well.

Computer Equipment-The Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) has received 30 laptop computers. The Financial Crime Investigation Unit (FCIU) has received three laptops, four computers, four UPS systems, three printers and office supplies. The Barbados Information Center (similar to the JICC) has received four computers, a server, a scanner, an Ethernet hub, four UPS systems, zip disks and a fax machine. The Police Drug Squad has received a computer; the Coast Guard has received a printer and scanner. All are working well.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The FCIU received a digital camera in 2002. One digital camera, handcuffs, flashlights, batons and one pair of binoculars are in use at the Police Drug Squad. The Coast Guard has night vision goggles, life vests, a camcorder, body armor, zoom camera, handcuffs, flashlights and batons. The life vests have reached the end of their useful life and have been replaced. One pair of night vision goggles in use with Barbados Airport Security is in good condition.

Marine Equipment-The Coast Guard's Zodiac 733 RHB and 25-ft. Boston Whaler are working well and are being used extensively in drug interdiction operations and maritime law enforcement. A second Boston Whaler is no longer serviceable. The engines in the Coast Guard's 40' Sea Ark patrol boat are being overhauled.

Dominica

Vehicles-The police Drug Squad received a Nissan double cab in 2002. One 2001 Nissan double cab at the Dominica Customs Service, two 2000 Nissan double cabs assigned to Grand Bay and Portsmouth police stations, one 2000 Mitsubishi Pajero at the police Special Branch and one 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero at the police-administered DARE program remain in excellent condition. One 1999 Nissan Double cab at the police Drug Squad is in good condition. A 1996 Nissan double cab with the police Drug Squad is in working condition, but is nearing the end of its useful life. Four 1996 Jeep Cherokees and one 1993 Jeep Cherokee provided to the police Drug Squad and the police Special Services Unit (SSU) are in disrepair.

Communications Equipment-There are two Sectel secure phones located in the police Drug Squad and in the marine police unit. The Dominca police service received a solar panel radio communications repeater several years ago and has succeeded in assembling it, thereby greatly improving its radio communications capability. Most of the radio equipment provided to the police is working well.

Computer and Office Equipment- In 2002, the Dominica FIU received a computer, an UPS system and a shredder. The Dominica International Business Unit (offshore regulatory authority) received one photocopier, four computers, a network hub, two printers and a fax machine. The Dominica Money Laundering Supervisory Authority received a laptop computer, a computer, a printer and a scanner. Four computers, two laser printers, five desks, five office chairs and a safe are in use at the FIU. A computer, printer, and an UPS system located in the police commissioner's office are working well. A photocopier with the Dominica DPP is in good condition and is being used extensively. One printer and an UPS system at the Police Drug Squad are working well. A photocopier is undergoing repairs.

Maritime Equipments-One 22-foot Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 is working well. The NAS purchased a spare parts kit for this RHIB in 2002. Two 250 HP engines were destroyed when the Coast Guard vessel in which they were installed caught fire. The marine police unit has been working with Bombardier Engines to rectify manufacturer defects in the OMC engines purchased for the Nautica RHIB. The defective engines have been repaired. A 22-ft. Boston Whaler is being refurbished; the Zodiac 733 is awaiting installation of new engines.

Miscellaneous Equipment- The Marine Police received forty-five life vests and two hand-held spotlights in 2002. One air conditioning unit, night vision goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU's, binoculars, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, handcuffs and weapons belts with Police Drug Squad are used extensively. The marine police unit has rain gear, night vision goggles, body armor, a boarding kit, a digital camera, a fiber optic viewer, a drill set and a camcorder.

St. Lucia

Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is in excellent condition. One 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon and one 1998 Mitsubishi double cab are still in good condition at the Police Drug Squad. Both 1996 Cherokee Jeeps with the Drug Squad are experiencing transmission problems and have been taken off the road. The 2000 Mitsubishi minibus used for the police-administered DARE program is in good condition.

Communications Equipment- Six cellular phones are in use by the Police Drug Squad. One of the six cellular phones at the Coast Guard is not working. VHF radios and a base station are in use by the Coast Guard.

Marine Equipment-The St. Lucia Coast Guard received a Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002. The boat is not yet operational, pending the completion of the RHIB crew vetting. The Boston Whaler is working well. Oil float switches for the Zodiac 733 RHIB's engines will be installed shortly. One of four 225 HP Ambar Marine engines purchased in 2000 is receiving warranty repair in Martinique.

Office Equipment and Furniture-In 2002, the police Criminal Investigative Division (CID) received a laptop computer. The Customs Service received three computers, three UPS systems, one printer, one scanner and one digital camera. The Police Drug Squad received one computer, one UPS system, and one digital camera. The Marine Police Unit received five air conditioners, two computers, two UPS systems, one scanner, one fax machine and one printer. The substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat received two printers and two UPS systems, armchairs, side chairs, desks, a credenza with hutch and a conference table. Three computers and three printers at the St. Lucia DDP are working well. A fax machine at the Police Service and furniture purchase for a demand reduction program are all in good condition. A photocopier, a shredder and four filing cabinets are in use at the marine police unit. A shredder and a printer are in use at the police Special Branch. Three desktop computers, one laptop computer, two scanners and a printer are in use at the Customs Service. One laptop computer, diskettes, a VCR and videotapes are in use at the police CID. One computer and two printers/fax/copier/scanners are in use at the Police Drug squad.

Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2002, the DPP received law books and the Customs Service, Police Drug Squad, and Marine Police unit received two pairs of night vision goggles each. The police Special Service Branch received one pair. Fifteen lockers and their folding chairs are in use at the Marine Police Unit. Two camcorders, two Polaroid cameras, one VCR, breathalyzer kits, protective suits, fingerprinting equipment, ultra-violet lamps, latex gloves, magnifying glasses, evidence bags and body bags are in use at the police CID. Digital cameras are in use at Customs Service and the police Special Branch. A drill set, body armor, a boarding kit, a camcorder and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the Coast Guard. Nigh vision goggles, a digital camera, a television, a VCR, a camcorder, binoculars, body armor, chain saws and flashlights are all in good condition at the Police Drug Squad.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad has a 1998 Toyota double cab and a 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero. The latter is experiencing some minor engine problems. Both 1996 Jeep Cherokees are off the road, awaiting spare parts. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero at the Marian House drug rehabilitation program is in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero is used for the police-administered DARE program. It remains in excellent condition.

Communications Equipment-There is one Sectel telephone located at the Coast Guard. There are problems in attempting to communicate with other Sectel users.

Office Equipment- In 2002, the FIU received five computers, five UPS systems, two printers, one scanner, a fax machine and a network hub. The Attorney General's office received five computers, one server, six UPS systems, two printers, a scanner, a fax machine, a shredder and a safe. One computer in the Attorney General's office had to be repaired after receiving water damage from a flood. The power supply unit of the computer server has to be replaced. The photocopier in the Attorney General's Office is in good condition. A TV/VCR and a slide projector are not being used extensively at Marion House.

Marine Equipment-The St. Vincent Coast Guard received a Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002. The boat is not yet operational, pending completion of RHIB crew vetting. The Zodiac 733 RHIB and 25-ft Boston Whaler are working well and are being used extensively. The RHIB's inflatable collar has a slow leak.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The Coast Guard is using night vision binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, a zoom camera, a camcorder and flashlights. Three bulletproof vests have been loaned to the Prime Minister's security detail. The Coast Guard's life vests have reached the end of their useful life. Body armor, bunk bed, a microcassette recorder, GPS systems, first aid kits, night vision goggles, a battering ram, handcuffs binoculars, a camcorder, a sight exploration kit, metal detectors and flashlights are being used extensively by the police Drug Squad. There are two GPS systems at police headquarters that are used for training exercises.

Antigua and Barbuda

Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's canine unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages that are in good condition. A 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero and a 1996 Jeep Cherokee are in good condition and are being used extensively by the Drug Squad. The 1999 Nissan Patrol is still in excellent condition and in use by the police-administered DARE program.

Marine Equipment-The Antigua and Barbuda Coast Guard received one Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002. The boat is not yet operational, pending completion of the RHIB crew vetting. An older Zodiac 733 RHIB has received minor fiberglass repairs and is still in good condition. The inboard Caterpillar engines on the Coast Guard's 40' Sea Ark patrol boat are working well.

Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2002, the ONDCP received camera, camera equipment, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, night vision goggles, drug identification kits, rechargeable spotlights, disposable gloves and microcassette recorders. Body armor, weapons belts, a boarding kit, a digital camera and a camcorder are in use at the Coast Guard. One pair of night vision goggles, VCR's, overhead projectors, camcorders, a public address system, transmitters, a slide projector and microphones are in use at the Defense Force. The police Drug Squad is using night vision goggles, portable scanners, cameras, binoculars, body armor, microcassette recorders and handcuffs. Two portable scanners are in use at the ONDCP.

Office Furniture and Equipment-In 2002, the International Financial Sector Regulatory Authority (IFSRA), now the Financial Services Regulatory Commission, received a two-drawer safe; the Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Policy (ONDCP) received computer UPS systems. Fourteen computers, two servers, one network printer and one scanner purchased for IFSRA in 2001 remain in good working order. One laptop computer with the Antigua and Barbuda Defense Force and one laptop computer and an overhead projector with Police Drug Squad are working well. Four storage cabinets, nineteen computers, computer UPS systems, thee printers, i2 intelligence software, two portable scanners, two servers, a plotter, four scanners, four printers, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine, a typewriter and office equipment purchased for the ONDCP in 1999 remain in good condition.

St. Kitts and Nevis

Vehicles-One 2001 Toyota double cab at the Nevis Police is in excellent condition. The 1996 Cherokee Jeeps at the Nevis Police and the St. Kitts and Nevis SSU are in need of spare parts. A 1998 Mitsubishi minivan at the St. Kitts and Nevis Police Drug Squad has some minor dents and scratches but continues to work well. A 1999 Mitsubishi minibus with the police-administered DARE program is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment-Night vision goggles, handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, rain gear, body armor, traffic vests, BDU's and a digital camera are in use by the Nevis Police. A boarding kit, weapons belts, a zoom camera and a camcorder are in use by the Coast Guard. Night vision goggles, a camcorder, handcuffs, a microcassette recorder, a digital camera and body armor are in use by the police Drug Squad.

Marine Equipment-The St. Kitts and Nevis Coast Guard received a Zodiac 920B "Go fast" RHIB in 2002. The boat is not yet operational, pending completion of RHIB crew vetting. The Coast Guard continues to experience problems with its OMC engines, purchased in 2000, despite receiving technical assistance from Bombardier and warranty repair by a bombardier dealership in Anguilla.

The Zodiac 733 RHIB remains in good condition. The 22-ft. Boston Whaler has experienced engine problems but spare parts have been imported and the engines should be repaired shortly. A 22' RHIB purchased for the Nevis
Customs Service in 2001 is not yet operational, pending the receipt of permission from the St. Kitts and Nevis Government to use the boat as part of a joint task force on Nevis with the St. Kitts and Nevis Police. Life jackets, a spare parts kit, a first aid kit and other safety equipment have been purchased in support of the RHIB.

Office Furniture and Equipment-In 2002, the St. Kitts and Nevis FIU received a television, a VCR, a photocopier, five computers, a network hub, a scanner andtwo printers. The National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP) received four computers, one LCD projector, five UPS systems, a scanner, a fax machine, five desks, five office chairs, ten guest chairs, a conference table with sixteen chairs, two stationery cabinets and two filing cabinets. Six air conditioners at the Police Drug Squad are working well. Desks, filing cabinets, stackable chairs, an executive chair, a cabinet, a work desk, a secretarial chair, a printer, a scanner and a computer at the Drug Squad are in good condition. Computer equipment and a photocopier purchased for the Drug Squad in 1996 are no longer serviceable.

Grenada

Vehicles- The police SSU has a 2001 3-ton Toyota truck. NAS purchased one 3-ton Toyota truck. One 2001 Mitsubishi L300 van with the Grenada FIU is in excellent condition. The police Drug Squad has only one working vehicle, a 2001 Toyota Prado wagon, which is in excellent condition. Other Drug Squad vehicles, a 1998 Mazda 4x4 double cab and a 1996 Jeep Cherokee, are off the road for repairs. A 1996 Daihatsu truck with the Grenada Police Service is nearing the end of its useful life. A 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero with the police-administered DARE Program is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2002, the Police Service received forty holsters. Ten pagers, a rescue phone, BDU's, body armor, a television and a VCR, microcassette recorders, two digitals cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, cellular phones, binoculars, batons, windbreakers, cellular hones, binoculars, flashlights and night vision goggles are being used extensively at the police Drug Squad. A camcorder, zoom camera, night vision goggles, boarding kit, body armor and a drill set are in use by the Grenada Coast Guard. Life vests provided by the NAS to the Coast Guard have reached the end of their useful life.

Marine Equipment-The Coast Guard's Zodiac 733 RHIB is undergoing repairs. A 22-ft. Boston Whaler with the Coast Guard is working well and is used extensively.

Computer and Office Equipment-In 2002, the police Drug Squad received a computer, a printer, a laptop computer, a projector, an UPS system, a shredder and a fax machine. The FIU received two office chairs. One air conditioning unit, a computer, a laptop and a printer at the Police Squad are working well. One fax machine, an air conditioner unit, four computers, two printers, one scanner, a photocopier, cellular phones, four desks, four chairs, a coffee table, six waiting room chairs and a filing cabinet at the FIU are in good condition. The air conditioner and computer in the Grenada Magistrate's court are in good condition. Four computers, two printers and six air conditioning units are in good condition at police headquarters.

Martinique

The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is still in good condition and is used in operations.

Regional Security System

Vehicles-The RSS C-26 program received an Isuzu double cab pickup in 2002. A 1966 Toyota minibus used by the RSS training Unit in Antigua was traded for a new vehicle for the training unit.

Aircraft- The RSS airwing operates two C-26 maritime surveillance aircraft. The aircraft are well maintained under a contract administered by INL. Clamshell temporary hangers also remain in good condition. Marine equipment-The RSS Training Unit received a Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002 for training purposes.

Office Furniture and Equipment-The C-26 program received a fax machine in 2002. Ten computers, ten printers and two laptops were distributed to the various islands for the RSS operations. They are in use and in good condition.

The C-26 program has received air conditioners, a microfiche reader printer, a laptop, a computer, three printers and two fax machines. A second laptop has a damaged keyboard. The RSS is trying to have it repair locally.

Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2002, the RSS Training Unit received lockers, bedding, folding tables, folding chairs, a washing machine and a dryer. The C-26 program received flares, flight suits, flight boots, pilot headsets and a
refrigerator. The RSS has received chain saws, two 20' x 40' tents, night vision goggles, rope, binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE's, and GPS receivers for marijuana eradication operations. All are in good condition. Riot
control gear used in training is in good condition, except for face shields that have been extensively damaged. Disposable toilets, two televisions, two VCR's, a microwave over, a radio/cassette player, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, T-shirts, a digital camera, a camcorder, flight suits, pilot headsets, a refrigerator, a lawn mower, a weed-whacker, cellular phones and hand-held radios used by C-26 program support staff are all in good condition. An air conditioner condensing unit purchased in 2000 is operating well at the RSS Training Unit in Antigua.

Impact

The chronic under-funding of law enforcement agencies in the Eastern Caribbean, largely as a result of the region's struggling economies, means that NAS-provided assistance is essential to ensure that these agencies are active partners in regional counternarcotics efforts. The equipment provided has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, and intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities. INL-funded training has provided a broad range of personnel with skills to carry out their drug control or other anti-crime missions. The equipment and training provided by INL and the NAS have strengthened the abilities and morale of counternarcotics agencies and have demonstrated the USG's counternarcotics commitment in the region.

Problems

Skill and experience levels among the various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. Post targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time; however, subsequent turnovers sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with the equipment. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair. The NAS hopes to alleviate this issue with respect to the Zodiac 920B RHIB's, as each recipient country has committed to using up to $30,000 of its annual FMF allocation to maintain the RHIB's. Incidents of theft and misuse of equipment are rare.

HAMILTON

Procedures

The Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessel, “Blue Heron, seized by DEA and transferred to the Bermuda Police Service in 1996. Relations with the local police service in the area of law enforcement cooperation are excellent.

Status

The vessel is used sporadically to conduct inshore and offshore missions. It continues to conduct inshore and offshore patrols and serves as a platform for the growing number of narcotics-related seizures. No major maintenance or repair problems have been experienced. The vessel is in good condition and various items have been replaced or repaired, when necessary. Batteries and other electronic gear were replaced in November 2002. Arrangements are being made for the hull to be waxed and the bottom painted in March 2003.

One member of the Police Marine Section is permanently attached to this vessel, with additional crew added as circumstances dictate. During offshore patrols, particular attention is paid to local and visiting craft, including cruise ships and cargo vessels, both inbound and outbound from Bermuda, with emphasis on anti-narcotics missions. The vessel remains at sea for up to five days per mission.

Impact

The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible.

KINGSTON

Procedures

The status of the commodities was derived from NAS records, information provided by the host government, and from direct observation by employees of NAS or other sections or agencies at post.

Status

Vehicles

Two Nissan sedans are used for general official duty of the JICC, transporting personnel to and from meetings and picking up and delivering correspondence. A new Nissan Sport SUV is used by the Jamaican Constabulary Force Fugitive Apprehension Team (JFAT) to transport JFAT team members and to visit expatriate law enforcement officials to track down information on fugitives and facilitate their extradition. The vehicle receives regular maintenance.

Four 1999 Nissan Sedans are used by the Special Vetted Unit (SVU) for routine office and surveillance use. The vehicles are in very good condition. The vehicles are part of the initial set-up of the SVU. The SVU will evolve into a Special Investigative Unit (SIU) when and if Congress authorizes DEA funding.

One 1989 Isuzu and one 1996 Suzuki are located at the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP). The vehicles are used to transport prosecutors to courts throughout the island.

A Mitsubishi L-300 minibus is used by the Addiction Alert Organization (AAO) to transport peer counselors and students for demand reduction outreach programs. The vehicle is in good working condition. It was involved in a minor fender-bender, but has been repaired successfully.

An Isuzu Rodeo is used by the NAS to support the counternarcotics program in Jamaica.

Two 1996 Suzuki Swift 4WD vehicles are used by the Ministry of National Security (MNS). The Half Way Tree Night Court uses one of the vehicles; the other vehicle is in general used by the MNS. The vehicles are in working condition. They have provided a valuable contribution to Jamaica's law enforcement administration.

Computer Equipment

Five Gateway computers, a LAN system, and a LaserJet printer are located at the JICC. The JICC is the U.S. law enforcement's primary point of contact within Jamaican Law enforcement for intelligence coordination and sharing. The JFAT has one desktop computer and printer. Three desktop computers, two laptop computers and two printers are maintained by the NAS.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Ten tool kit sets provided to the Jamaica Customs Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) suffer from expected normal wear and tear, with individual items worn out, broken, or lost. These kits have increased the drug seizure capabilities of the CET. Post plans to replace worn out equipment and provide additional equipment in 2003.

One of the three mobile trailers was destroyed by fire in September 2000. The other two, located at Ken Jones airstrip, in St. Margaret's Bay, Portland, and Boscobel Airstrip, in St. Mary are in poor condition. The mobile trailers have been used as police stations.

The JCF Fugitive Apprehension Unit (FAT) has two Ion Track itemizer contraband detection systems, two GPS systems, one stationary and one portable FATS firearms training simulator. The itemizers have been very successful in deterring passengers from carrying narcotics, cutting the use of "drug mules" (passengers swallowing pellets of cocaine) by more than 60 percent.

The JCF Training Division operates the firearms training simulators. The stationary unit is set up at the training facility at Twickenam Park; the portable unit is taken from there to police stations throughout the island for refresher training.

The last of the brush cutters given to the JCF Narcotics Division in 2000 has worn out and will be disposed of. Twenty more brush cutters and assorted equipment have been ordered. Five of the 63 brush cutters provided to the JDF Coast Guard are in usable condition. The remaining ones are worn out and will no longer be reported.

The JFAT has two megaphones, one camera, one photocopier, ten flashlights, one binoculars, one camcorder, ten tactical hoods, and one microcassette recorder. One of the tactical hoods, one megaphone, and on flashlight have not been located since last year and are presumed lost. However, all the other items are accounted for and in good working condition.

The Jamaican Immigration and Passport Office has one copier that is new but not functioning. An internal circuit board blew and a line conditioner has been ordered to prevent future problems.

Patrol Vessels

Four 40-foot SEAARK vessels, three Avance boats, two 82-foot Coast Guard cutters, and two Boston Whalers are used by the Jamaican Defense Force (JDF) to patrol territorial waters, to intercept drug trafficking, and to perform emergency rescues. Six of the eleven are currently in service; the remainder are awaiting repairs.

Impact

The impact of the boats on antinarcotics operations has been limited due to low serviceability and generally poor detection capabilities, i.e., lack of onboard radar. The boats have to be vectored to their targets by other assets, such as JDF Air Wing or other patrol aircraft. This must be carefully coordinated and inherently causes delays in acquisition of the target and increases the likelihood of detection or leaks that compromise the operation. The limited endurance of these boats has also had a negative impact on operational efficiency and effectiveness.

The JFAT has been an outstanding success since the equipment was provided and the U.S. Marshals Office began working closely with the team. Nine fugitives were extradited in 2002; ten in 2001; and ten in 2000, compared to four in 1999.

JDF participation in marijuana eradication has been limited the past two years. The JDF had to withdraw its personnel from the project when they were needed for emergency use as prison guards, due to a walkout by regular prison guards. This year the program has proceeded, but at a reduced scale, using contract laborers to do the cutting. Additional JDF troops were diverted to staff one of the new prisons after the escape of a serious criminal.

NASSAU

Procedures

The NAS performs the End Use of commodities year-round, conducting periodic inspections of vehicles, computers, and dogs, and taking inventory of all major commodities in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, Army, and Coast Guard personnel, working under Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), provided on-going reports on the status of infrastructure and equipment at Georgetown, Nassau and Great Inagua, Great Exuma, and Matthew town throughout the year. Bahamian government officials and NGO's cooperate with the NAS on the End Use Monitoring process.

Status

Vehicles

Aging NAS-donated vehicles are still being used by the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) , the DEU canine units, the DEU Strike Force, and the RBDF Forensic Laboratory. All of these vehicles have reached the end of their useful life and will no longer be monitored.

Since authorities limit personnel transport to golf carts whenever possible, the NAS donated an electric powered golf cart in 2002 for the use of the DEU Strike Force. The vehicle is in excellent condition.

Intel Equipment

High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the DEU offices in Nassau and Freeport. In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACADS) for the DEU office in Nassau. The DEU's outdated analog system will be phased out gradually.

Communications Equipment

Radio communications in the Bahamas are unusually problematic because of atmospheric conditions; OPBAT experts are still searching for the most reliable and secure method of communicating with RBDF boats.

Computer Equipment

Since 1996, the NAS has donated over 100 computers to the Bahamian courts and to the Attorney General’s Office. All of these computers are outmoded and will no longer be monitored by the NAS. The DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory and the Police College do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment. In 2003, the NAS plans to upgrade the DEU computers with an Office Networking System (ONS) that will link the DEU in NAS and Freeport with Strike Force units at the OPBAT sites.

Office Equipment

Office equipment donated to the RBDF is presently in use by the DEU in Nassau and Freeport. Copy machines are also in use.

JICC Equipment

The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.

Dogs

At the beginning of 2002, the two DEU canine units had six NAS-donated drug detector dogs, four in Nassau and two in Freeport. One of the Nassau dogs is assigned from time to time to the OPBAT site in George Town. One aged dog was retired in 2002. The Bahamas Customs canine unit at the Freeport Container Port became operational in 2002 with two NAS-donated drug detector dogs.

Despite repeated requests during 2002, the RBDF canine units have failed to provide periodic reports adequately demonstrating that NAS-donated drug detector dogs are being used effectively and productively, where they are used, or their assigned handlers. Because of the failure of the RBDF canine units to provide required reports, the NAS has suspended support for these units until this problem is satisfactorily remedied.

Vessels

The NAS provided two 43-foot fast response boats (police boats 8 and 9) to the Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBPF) in 2002. They are triple engine diesel-powered "Nor-tech" boats. They are stationed in Nassau. In 2001, the NAS donated a new 12-meter fast, response boat (police boat 1) to the RBDF for use in OBAT drug interdiction operations. The "Avenger" was turned over to the RBDF in February 2001 and christened "Police Boat 1." It is based in Freeport. All three are in excellent condition.

The NAS donated a 25-foot Boston Whaler "Guardian" patrol boat and a boat trailer to the Marine Division in 1996. The Boston Whaler, christened the "Sea Eagle," is in good condition. It is used as a "fast response boat" by the Marine division to apprehend smugglers of drugs, firearms, and illegal migrants from Haiti.

Long-distance, high-speed pursuits in rough seas produce considerable wear on the "outdrives" of the RBPF's diesel-powered fast response boats. These expensive parts have to be regularly replaced.

Construction

The five OPBAT modular housing units (entirely funded by NAS in1991) require continuing maintenance, repair, and equipment replacement due to the corrosive salt air and tropical weather. The septic unit does not work well and should be replaced by a package waste water treatment plan.

OPBAT Andros-During 2002, the USCG built a modular unit at AUTEC to house the DEU Strike Force officers and DEU agents assigned to OPBAT's Andros Island site.

OPBAT George Town-In 2002, the NAS funded the construction of new DEU living quarters by the U.S. Army. The DEU personnel will move into the new housing unit in 2003.

Miscellaneous

In 1991, the NAS donated six bulletproof vests and a Hitachi video camera to the RTCIP. In 1993, the NAS donated two sets of night vision goggles to the RTCIP. In 1995, the NAS donated one "Buster" contraband detector to TCI
Customs. In 1997, the NAS provided the Marine Division with a 48-mile range radar set. The NAS donated three gyroscope marine binoculars to the Marine Division in 1998. The bulletproof vests are in good condition, with three being used by the CID and three by the Marine Division constables assigned to OPBAT. The video camera, used by the CID, was not working. TCI Customs' contraband detector is in good condition. The radar set is in good condition and is installed on the "Sea Quest," the Marine Division's 65-foot Ocean-going patrol boat. Both binoculars are in good condition; one is used by the Marine Division's Airwing at Grand Turk Island; the other on the "Sea eagle."

Program Changes

Because of the failure of the RBDF canine units to provide required reports, the NAS has suspended support for these units until this problem is satisfactorily remedied.

Impact

NAS donations have had a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. The three NAS-donated RBPF fast response boats have provided a much needed "end-game" for OPBAT helicopter pursuits of drug smuggling "go-fast" boats. NAS-funded vehicles provided to the DEU significantly enhance its ability to carry out anti-drug surveillance against international drug trafficking organizations and encourage continued Government of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas (GCOB) participation in OPBAT. NAS-donated computers and technical equipment are markedly improving the ability of the DEU to dismantle major Bahamian-based drug trafficking organizations and to make OPBAT interdiction missions more intelligence-driven and, consequently, more productive. NAS donations of drug detector dogs have helped deter exploitation by drug smugglers of the Freeport container Port and the international airports servicing Nassau and Freeport.

PORT AU PRINCE

Procedures

The FSN assistant recently visited both Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) bases, Coast Guard Special Counternarcotics Police Unit (BLTS), and the JICC. He verified the location, condition, and use of the donated commodities. The NAS director has met with head of HCG, BLTS and JICC and has indicated his intention to inspect donated facilities and equipment as part of every visit to their various installations. U.S. Coast Guard and DEA personnel also monitor condition and use of donated items. The NAS requests official notice of any donated equipment to be withdrawn from service and inspects such equipment prior to its removal from the NAS inventory.

Status

Vehicles

One Jeep Cherokees is located at the BLTS; one was destroyed by an accident in 1999; one was assigned to the JICC. It has been reported missing. The JICC Director has resisted NAS' request for an accounting of the missing Cherokee. The NAS is withholding a final payment on his lapsed contract until the whereabouts of the missing Cherokee is resolved.

JICC

The JICC is in operation with several employees. Computers and servers are non-functional.

Vessels

Two MonArk vessels, refurbished with INL-funds, are located at Killick Coast Guard base and are operational. A third MonArk is non-functional and is being used for parts for the others. The fourth MonArk is undergoing repairs in Miami after a breakdown at sea resulted in destruction of the twin diesel Engines.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The following equipment was turned over to the BLTS in 1997: drug test kits, drug storage safes, cameras and film, evidence equipment, tape recorders, and handcuffs. The head of the BLTS claims to have no record of prior USG donations to this organization. He is on notice that any future donations will require accurate record-keeping and require frequent NAS follow-up.

Problems

The overarching problem in Haiti is whom can you trust? On the theory that even reluctant cooperation can be helpful, the NAS will continue current Embassy practice of limiting information provided and judging allies by their performance, mindful that their motives may be less than pure. Haiti suffers from the endemic third-world lack of maintenance awareness, and repairs and replacement will continue to loom large in the meager Port au Prince NAS budget. Significant items such as vehicles seem to disappear, especially when officials are transferred. Post has requested that HCG and BLTS staffs be augmented, and both have expanded by more than 50 percent. Transportation within the country, and the lack of centrally controlled law enforcement presence outside the capital will continue to pose challenges to the NAS program. Endemic corruption and the cooperation of certain Dominican officials will continue to allow virtually free movement of contraband and aliens across the border, and ultimately toward the United States. Haiti, impoverished and corrupted, is being fully exploited by powerful extralegal forces.

Impact

The support provided to date has had limited impact on the counternarcotics mission, due to its piecemeal application and limited follow-up. End use monitoring will be a key component of the NAS formula for focusing donations where they will make a difference.

PORT OF SPAIN

Procedures

Resources provided to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) are monitored primarily through quarterly reports that detail the location, status, and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT letters. A Central Office in the Ministry of National Security produces these reports. In addition, the Embassy’s Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs officers, political officers and the INL program assistant monitor the resources when visiting sites where the equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies have been generally cooperative in providing End Use Monitoring data, with encouragement from Embassy agencies.

Status

Aircraft

The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. However, the long-term plan for the Cessna 172 is to return it to service for use as a training platform. The Cessna 310 was functioning through most of 2002, but it will require significant refit to meet safety standards. In 2003, USG funds will be used to upgrade the avionics and the airframe of the Cessna 310.

One Navajo was in service throughout the second half of 2002. The other Navajo remained out of service for all of 2002. During the summer, all Navajo engines were recalled due to cracks in the engine housings. The GOTT directly contracted with Provincial Airlines to replace the engines and refurbish the airframes. USG funds will be used to upgrade the avionics of the Navajos in 2003.

Both C-26 aircraft were in serviceable condition (barring some brief downtime for minor repairs) throughout 2002. In April 2002, the C-26 CG 216 underwent repairs to the leading edge of the right wing after a turkey buzzard collided with it. However, it was back in service after three weeks. The CG 216 also had some repairs to the FLIR system so it would lock on to the radar system coordinates. The CG 215 underwent sensor systems modification in St. Johns, Newfoundland, during the summer. In September, one of the sensor systems on the SG 215 was disabled by a static electricity discharge. The system was repaired in December.

In 2002, post provided $18,000 worth of parts to keep the Air Section operational. They are stored at Base 2 at the Juan Santamaria International Airport. There are adequate controls in place to ensure their proper use. The parts are being used for their intended purpose.

In 1998, post. donated a fuel truck to the GOCR. It is used by the SVA forward jet fuel in support of counternarcotics land and maritime detection and monitoring operations. It is based at Juan Santamaria International Airport.

Vessels

One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and was out of service the last half of 2002; the second vessel was operational the first half of 2002, but had some repairs carried out on its engines during the second half of 2002. The vessel is undergoing tests on its engines and should be back in service by the end of January 2003.

All four 82-ft island class patrol craft are operational and frequently conduct patrols off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad, and the fourth is headquartered in Tobago. In 2002, the U.S. Coast Guard conducted an inspection of the 82-ft island class vessels and reported that of all the Caribbean countries inspected, these vessels were the best maintained. In 2002, post provided parts and maintenance to keep the Coast Guard operational. The spare parts are stored at the Coast Guard station in Golfito. They are stored securely, and there are adequate controls in place to ensure their proper use. The parts are being used for their intended purpose.

The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are operational and used in counternarcotics/law enforcement interdiction operations initiated by the Trinidad and Tobago Customs and Excise Division and in interagency operations.

The three Sea Ark 40-foot patrol craft donated in 1995, are not operational. It has been difficult to procure parts for these older vessels.

All three of the Zodiac Hurricanes are unserviceable. One of the Hurricanes does not have an engine; the second is unserviceable due to impeller and wiring defects; the third has damaged pontoons.

Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2002. The engines on the fourth craft are being repaired. The engines on the other three have been overhauled. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.

Vehicles

The four OCNU Daihatsu Rockeys are no longer serviceable due to the inability to procure required parts. In addition, the car bodies are not considered structurally sound because of corrosion. They have reached the end of their useful life.

U.S. Customs-Provided Radar

The six U.S. Customs-donated radar installations in Trinidad have operated full-time since April 1998. At any time during the year, a maximum of three and a minimum of two of the radar installations were fully functional.

The radar system is the GOTT’s primary source of information for detecting and tracking vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics-trafficking. The system allows the JOCC, an interministerial agency, to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspected of narcotics trafficking.

The multimeter and scopemeter are used in maintaining the six radar installations.

JICC

Two of the computer workstations, donated in 1994, were not functioning throughout 2002. One of the workstations is used for the sole purpose of transmitting information to the El Paso Intelligence Center. The other workstation is used as a backup for the collection and transmission of information on vessels, aircraft and subjects. The third computer workstation is used for the storage, collection and analysis of data and is serviceable. The JICC regularly collects and transmits information concerning vessels and individuals suspected of narcotics trafficking to the El Paso Intelligence Center.

Computer Equipment

The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 was in use all year. During 2002, the laptop was used for data management. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would otherwise be possible.

The computer equipment at the Police Youth Club (PYC) is being used to help members with their studies and to teach basic computer skills that will enhance their ability to obtain future employment.

Computers are being installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They will provide the branch with an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.

Twenty-five laptop computers and three desktop computers were recently received by the Board of Inland Review.

The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.

In CY-2000 and 2001, post provided the following computers and peripherals to the various departments within the Ministry of Public Security: 1 IMAC, 4 Dell inspirion laptop computers, 4 dell computers with monitors, 1 HP DeskJet printer, 2 Epson color printers, 1 Epson scanner. The following items were issued to the Drug Control Police (PCD): IMAC computer, 1 Dell Inspirion laptop, 4 Sony digital video cameras, 1 HP desktop printer. These items are being used at the PCD's field offices throughout the country. The Financial Crimes Unit has one Dell Inspirion laptop computer; the OIJ Narcotics Section has 4 Dell computers with monitors; the National Police Academy has 2 Dell Inspirion computers and 1 Epson scanner. All equipment is being properly maintained and used for its intended purpose.

In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics section.

Communications Equipment

The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The INTERPOL radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.

Construction


In CY-2002, post INL awarded a contract to Bendig S.A. for the construction of a new Coast Guard Station in the pacific coast town of Quepos. The Coast Guard station will be a 3,000 square foot two-story building with a storage/maintenance facility for two trailerable fast boats. Construction of the station began in October. The project is expected to be completed in July 2003.

Post provided funding for the construction of a Counterdrug Inspection Station at the Penas Blancas border crossing between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. The inspection station will modernize this popular border crossing and allow cargo to be inspected that otherwise would not be. It will serve to house multiple law enforcement agencies and encourage the respective agencies to communicate and share intelligence/information. Construction began in December 2002 and
is scheduled to be completed October 2003.

Miscellaneous

The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at acceptable level.

The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations.

The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational during 2002. The Coast Guard and its special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and is used throughout the year. The Datascopes, Infrared cameras, and aural enhancement units, were field tested after arriving early in the year and have been in use through the second half of 2002.

The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.

The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth is not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout 2001. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.

The ion scanner used by the Airport Authority was not operational through most of 2002. The scanner malfunctioned as a result of insufficient electrical power in the part of the airport terminal where the machine was located. The terminal was rewired in 2001. However, there still have been instances of power surges that damage sensitive equipment like the Ion scanner.

The office furniture and equipment used by the INL assistant are functioning at an optimal level, with the exception of the printer, which functions adequately but may need to be replaced in 2003.

The six Bushnell night scopes were in use and fully operational during 2001. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the scopes. They assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during nocturnal operations.

The 30 iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.

Brush cutters, chain saws, binoculars, leggings, nigh-vision goggles, gloves were used by the OCNU in marijuana eradication efforts.

The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videotapes.

Post donated safety equipment to the Air Surveillance Section (SVA) in CY-1999 to permit aerial surveillance flights off the coast of Costa Rica in support of counternarcotics, fisheries protection, and search and rescue operations.

In 2002, post provided 60 optical passport readers, 5 mobile inspection terminals to the Immigration Department. This mobile system will allow Immigration officials to deploy to the airports, borders, and ports. A contract was awarded to develop software that would allow optical readers and mobile terminals to access data stored in the Immigration Department's database. To date, the optical readers and mobile inspection terminals have not been deployed due to a "data migration" problem between the new software and the Immigration Department's database. It was determined that the Immigration Department must provide previously withheld access to data that would allow the contractor to solve the "data migration" problem. Post has withheld final payment to the contractor until this problem is fixed. The software is in the testing phase and is expected to be up and running by the end of April 2003.

In 2002, post provided a fax machine to the Immigration Department to facilitate rapid responses to the Embassy's regular requests for migration tracking reports of Costa Rican citizens to identify the length of a tourist's visit to the United States. The machine is being used for its intended purpose.

In 2002, post provided tactical rappelling harnesses, helmets, gloves, and goggles to the Drug Control Police (PCD). The equipment is in excellent condition and continues to be used in marijuana eradication operations.

Five complete contraband detector kits or "busters" were provided to the PCD. They are being used at Paso Canoas, Penas Blancas, Puntarenas, Puerto Limon and at the Juan Santamaria International Airport in San Jose. It has proven valuable in detecting cocaine secreted in the false walls and tires of tractor-trailers crossing into Costa Rica. In the last six months, an estimated 276 kgs. of cocaine were seized in two separate border interdiction events.

Problems

Post noted no major problems in the course of the year’s monitoring activities. However, due to a parliamentary deadlock for most of 2002, and subsequent general elections in October, many GOTT agencies had personnel changes, which affected some End Use reporting efforts. In 2002, the GOTT also funded repairs on its vessels; however, some repairs are not fully completed because backordered parts have not arrived in country.

Program Changes

In 2003, it will be necessary to meet with new officials responsible for compiling data for End Use Reports in order to orient them to the End Use process. In addition, some government entities do not have the required manpower to fully utilize the INL-funded services/commodities provided. It appears that in 2003, the GOTT will take steps to ease the manpower shortage in the necessary agencies. Nevertheless, the GOTT has shown its commitment to maintain and improve its counternarcotics capabilities, with for example, numerous marijuana eradication operations, interagency counternarcotics operations, and in one instance, host-country funded repair of aircraft.

Impact

The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) conducted 52 patrols covering over 1,500 nautical miles resulting in 65 seizures/intercepts. The one operational Bowen G-Fast boat conducted 59 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 348 nautical miles. The four 82-ft patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counternarcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering over 7,561 nautical miles.

The two C-26 aircraft conducted over 300 missions in 2002, ranging from training missions to counternarcotics missions.

The GPU's were used to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops during marijuana eradication operations conducted during 2002. In November, this equipment assisted the Special Navy Unit in interdicting a vessel from St. Vincent carrying 113 kilograms of marijuana.

The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the destruction of more than 10,000 kilograms of cured marijuana, trees, and seedlings, marijuana eradication efforts.

The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.

SANTO DOMINGO

Procedures

The NAS officer and the NAS Assistant frequently visit the National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD) and National Drug Council (NCD) for informal on-site inspections. DNCD, the National Drug Council (NDC), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banking provide annual inventories of all USG-donated equipment, including serial numbers, location, and condition.

DEA and U.S. military involved in law enforcement carry out informal monitoring during their regular trips to remove geographic sites and provide updated reports on condition and use of assets. The NAS officer and assistant also frequently visit sites.

Embassy personnel stress to their Government of the Dominion Republic (GODR) counterparts that INL assistance is provided for counternarcotics purposes and that they will be held accountable for ensuring the proper care and use of INL donations. The NAS received excellent support both from receiving GODR agencies and from Embassy counterparts in monitoring USG-donated equipment.

Status

Vehicles

During 2002, DNCD petitioned the NAS to remove twelve unserviceable vehicles from their inventory after personal inspection by the NAS chief and assistant. Permission was given to dispose of these items.

The NAS bought nine vehicles for use by the SIU vetted unit. Three Blazers purchased in 1993 are assigned to the DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo to support Special Investigations Team operations outside the capital. Three additional Blazers are detailed outside of the city. Four Toyota pickups, three Chevrolet SD-10 pickups, two Toyota 4-runner Jeeps, two 1994 Ford Metro minibuses, and seven Yamaha motorcycles are detailed outside of the city. Three Ford Metro minibuses, one Chevrolet minibus, three Chevrolet Blazers, and two Yamaha motorcycles are detailed for use in the city. The NAS provided a pickup truck for the shelter for battered women in Bani.

Despite a Dominican tendency to ignore preventive maintenance of vehicles, donated vehicles are generally in good condition and being used as intended.

Communications Equipment

Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.

JICC Equipment

The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment includes 68 Dell computers, 31 LaserJet printers, and 14 modems. The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU): 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer.

In 2001, the DNCD completed a three-year computer system expansion with the addition of 23 computers, 3 servers, 9 switches, 4 printers and a battery bank for backup support to the generator system. DNCD's Division of Operation Intelligence received 8 computers and printers. The FIC received 13 laptops, 1 server, 3 printers, and 2 switches. The CND received 20 computers, 1 server, 3 printers, and 2 switches for use with the seized asset management and tracking system software developed by an INL-funded independent contractor. The Department of Migration received 10 computers purchased under a 1997 Immigration Control System LOA. DNCD is fully utilizing all INL-provided computer systems and networks.

The DOD provided a computer and modem to each DOIF in 2002 and for the new Caribbean Center for Drug Information.

Vessels

Six U.S. Coast Guard cutters were previously transferred to the Dominican Navy through the Section 516 Excess Defense Articles (EDS) program. Another 180-foot vessel was given prior to establishment of EDA. Of those seven, three 82-foot cutters are in marginal condition; two 133-foot buoy tenders are in fair to good condition, and two 180-footers are respectively non-operational and in rebuild, with poor prognosis. None of the operational vessels is in frequent use, due to acute budget constraints and associated scarcity of fuel.

Of the six Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB's) acquired in 1994 to patrol the rivers and coasts near the ports, one remains operational.

In cooperation with the MAAG, the NAS bought three Zodiac Rigid Hull Inflatable boats (RHIBs) for the Dominican Navy's Riverine and harbor patrols.

Aircraft

Six UH-1H helicopters were donated in 1994. Replacement of tail rotor gearboxes in two of the aircraft will bring to three the number of marginally operational units, but all six were declared "beyond service life" by a UH-1H evaluation team in 2001. The MAAG, as part of a larger MF/EDA program, will provide complete parts and refurbished tail booms for four of these six helicopters. The other two will be deleted from Dominican Armed Forces inventory due to significant structural damage.

The NAS paid for two 90-degree tail rotor gearboxes for otherwise unusable UN-1H helicopters donated in 1994, after receiving written assurances from the Dominican Air Force that those assets would be available to provide lift for border surveillance and enforcement.

Canine Program

Five new dogs were trained for work in the newly opened Cibao Airport near Santiago, bringing the total canine force to 25 dogs and handlers. One of the new dogs is trained to detect explosives; the other four are trained in narcotics detection, including heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and Ecstasy (MDMA). Two of the drug-sniffing dogs are aggressively trained for cargo work; the other two are passive and thus suited for work among passengers. All dogs are healthy and working.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 Brother fax machines, and four electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002.

Program Changes

In keeping with post 9/11 emphasis on homeland security, the NAS placed new emphasis on homeland security. Following the U.S. Customs needs assessment report in 2001, a Custom inspector began an extended TDY to assist Dominican authorities in improving security of seaports. Starting with the Santo Domingo terminal of the ferry to Puerto /Rica, and with the cooperation of the private ferry operator and several GODR agencies present at the terminal, a combined plan was developed to modernize facilities and improve both security and efficiency in processing of passengers and vehicles.

Problems

Vehicles, vessels, aircraft, and other complex equipment subject to rough treatment tend to suffer form systemic inattention to preventive maintenance. For example, the Dominican Navy, faced with a two-year contract execution delay and rising shipyard prices, opted to sign a no-maintenance contract to refurbish six patrol craft and construct two more, rather than sacrificing vessels quantity in order to retain maintenance of the contract. The Navy's own maintenance facility and school have been closed for several years due to lack of funding. The NAS has requested INL help to find funds for half the anticipated $5 million cost of equipping the maintenance facility when it reopens in late 2003.

Impact

DNCD effectiveness continued to improve in 2002 as a direct result of training, commodities, and equipment provided by the USG. Their information systems unit is developing a network to make readily available at all DNCD facilities information on criminal histories of suspects, with a longer-range plan to integrate information from data bases of other Dominican law enforcement agencies. The DNCD and CND moved closer to a smoothly functioning assets seizure program, though the NAS-provided data management system is not yet fully utilized. The highly successful canine program will eventually cover all international airports and seaports, plus highly visible events such as the 2003 Pan American Games.



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