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Diplomacy in Action

Southeast Asia and the Pacific


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
December 2003
Report
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BANGKOK

Procedures

The NAS conducted End Use Monitoring site visits and physically inspected the USG-funded commodities in major locations with the Judicial Technical Police (RTG) representatives from the relevant agencies, i.e., the Department of Technical and Economic Cooperation (DTEC), the Office of the National Control Board (ONCB), and the Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB).

During the EUM inspection period March-May 2002, joint USG/RTG teams made ten trips to all four regions of the country to physically inspect commodities. To facilitate the End Use Monitoring process, units located in small and remote locations forwarded inventory forms to their regional command unit. This process was limited to only a few, small and isolated units, holding limited quantities of monitorable commodities. In all instances, counterpart agencies were entirely cooperative and responsive in implementing these procedures. EUM reporting responsibilities for commodities located at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) and the DEA sensitive units reside with ILEA and DEA, and are included in the report.

NAS Bangkok/RTG procedures for CY-2002 resulted in a verification rate of 87 percent. A total of 155 end-user sites were visited by the NAS staff. Survey teams physically inspected 2,950 of 3,398 non-expendable commodity items accounted for in this report. Based on these inspections, inventory verifications and other information available to post, the NAS knows of no instance in which monitorable INC-funded commodities were not dedicated to support of the RTG activities against the abuse, trafficking and production of illicit drugs to which they ere assigned.

Status

At most units, the commodities provided are under the responsibility of the end-user unit chief as governed by RTG property regulations, with an officer assigned to maintain records.

Communications Equipment

Communications equipment consisted of UHF/FM base stations transceivers (6), UHF/FM handheld transceivers (78), mobile telephones (30), UHF DVP mobile transceivers (24) supported the Narcotics Law Enforcement Project. Motorola hand-held radios (138) and mobile car radios (22) supported the Special Investigative Units. All equipment is in good condition.

Computer Equipment

Five PC’s, seven computer printers, and computer software were provided to the Crop Control Project. Eighteen PC’s, 164 computer printers/plotters and computer software was provided to the RTG agencies. Thirty-two PC’s and 61 printers/plotters were provided to the Demand Reduction Project. Eleven PC's and 16 printers/plotters were provided the ILEA. Ten PC's and five printers/plotters were provided to the DEA Special Unit.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Cameras, photocopiers, video cameras, fax machines, televisions, power generator night vision devices, typewriters, tape recorders, overhead projectors, paper shredders, slide projectors, and other electronic equipment were provided by the NAS to support narcotics Crop Control, Demand Reduction, and Law Enforcement Projects. Most of the equipment is in good condition, except for the power generator, electric typewriter, mobile phones and audio tape recorders which are in fair to poor condition.

The following equipment is located at the temporary ILEA site at the RTG Civil Service Training Institute in Bangkok: computers, fax machines, flashlights, office furniture, micro-computer equipment, computer printer/plotters, telephone equipment, computer software, night vision devices, Polaroid cameras, etc.

Helicopters

During the period 1974-1979, the USG supplied seven Bell UH-1H (Bell 205A-1) and two Bell 206L helicopters to the RTG. These helicopters have been used by ONCB in support of the RTG opium crop surveillance and crop eradication program in northern Thailand. Most rotary airlift capability for support of the eradication program is now provided by the Royal Thai Army Third Region Command. Of the aircraft on the inventory below, aircraft 1713 has been grounded since October 1998; 1716 since October 1997; 1717 since July 1999; 1718 and 2401 since CY-2000; and 2402 since October 1999.

Aircraft

Model
Serial
Status/location
205A-1
1712
On duty in Chiang Mai
205A-1
1713
Cannabilized
205A-1
1716
Repair in Bangkok
205A-1
1717
Repair in Bangkok
205A-1
1718
Repair in Bangkok
205A-1
1719
Destroyed on 1981 crash
205A-1
1720
On duty in Chiang Mai
206L
2401
Repair in Bangkok
206L
2402
Repair in Bangkok


Vehicles

During 2002, DTEC and counterpart agencies made a significant effort to identify unserviceable or overage motor vehicles; delete them from project inventories and sell items for what they could bring; or junk them. All proceeds from such sales were returned to DTEC, which employs such proceeds in implementation of drug and crime control project activities being supported by the NAS due to the continuing shrinkage in the overall size of the INL program in Thailand.

During 2002, the review and retirement procedures reduced the inventories of motor vehicles by 252 motorcycles (from 386 to 134), 64 pickup trucks (from 101 to 37), 77 sedans (from 95 to 18), and 12 vans (from 16 to 4). Of the vehicles remaining on inventory, the NAS and counterparts inspected 134 motorcycles, 37 pickup trucks, 18 sedans, 1 land cruiser, 1 station wagon and 4 vans. All vehicles remaining on inventory that were inspected were found to be in good condition. No significant problems were noted in the end use monitoring of motor vehicles.

Six sedans, 1 station wagon, and 1 van were assigned to the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) in Bangkok. All are in good condition. The following vehicles have been assigned to the DEA Special Investigative Units: 18 sedans in Bangkok; 6 sedans in Chiang Mai; 2 vans in Bangkok; 3 in Chiang Mai; 6 SUV's in Bangkok; 4 SUV in Chiang Mai; 7 pickups in Bangkok; 17 pickups in Chiang Mai; 32 motorcycles in Bangkok; 17 motorcycles in Chiang Mai. Responsibility for monitoring the condition and use of these vehicles is exercised by officials of DEA Bangkok and other resident offices in Thailand, in coordination with the NAS. All of the equipment is in good condition. One pickup truck was involved in an accident. It was determined to be a total loss and junked. A report of survey has been filed and this vehicle has been deleted from project inventories.

Impact

The overall impact of the Thai Government programs has been considerable and positive in all respects. The Thai opium poppy reduction program is one of the most effective in the world. USG assistance has been critical to attaining the crop control strategic success. Effective RTG drug law enforcement efforts have resulted in significant identified diversion of illicit international movements. Illicit drug production, trafficking and abuse remain a substantial problem in Thailand and the Thai criminal justice sector remains in need of continuing technical and material assistance to respond the growing new challenges of terrorism, money laundering and other transnational and organized crime. Long-term development of effective RTG institutional capabilities to control, reduce and prevent these activities would be substantially retarded without the impact of assistance that has been provided by the USG.

JAKARTA

Procedures

The DEA Singapore /Indonesia country office conducted an on-site inspection of the equipment transferred to the Indonesian Police (INP).

Status

Vehicles

Three Toyota automobiles and six Honda motorcycles were provided to the Indonesian National Police (INP) Narcotics and Drugs Criminal Investigation Unit in June 2001. To date, there have been no problems with the vehicles. The INP is maintaining the vehicles and performing all vehicle repairs. Due to the harsh road conditions and constant use of these vehicles, it is anticipated that the vehicles and motorcycles life expectancy is about another two to three years.

Communications equipment

Thirty (30) Motorola GP338 radio units were provided to the INP Narcotics and Drugs Criminal Investigation Unit in June 2001. They are being used by the INP officers in the field.

Impact

The equipment continues to assist the INP with their counternarcotics efforts in Indonesia. There are no problems with the use of this equipment.

KUALA LUMPUR

Procedures

The End Use of the items was verified through a memorandum from the National Narcotics Agency (NNA).

Status

Vehicles

Of the six surveillance sedans and two surveillance vans provided to the Royal Malaysia Police (RMP) for counternarcotics activities, one sedan is not in use. The remaining vehicles are used on a very limited basis because of their age. The vehicles are 16 years old and suffer from frequent breakdowns and require considerable maintenance. Four Yamaha motorcycles are used by the Royal Malaysia Customs and Excise Department (RMCE).

Computers

One NEC Powermate computer and printer are in use by the RMCE. The computer has been upgraded.

Communications Equipment

The RMCE uses six portable radios. The RMCE 's Motorola repeater station has been modified and is now in use at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

Miscellaneous

The chainsaw is still in use at a public drug treatment center. One sewing machine, one TV/VCR, one refrigerator are in use at the GOM-funded treatment center. Two night vision scopes for the Border Anti-Smuggling Unit are still in use.

Office equipment and cameras granted to the NNA continue to be used for coordination and demand reduction activities. Two color TV's, one video camera, one overhead projector, one tripod screen, two VCR's, and four tape recorders are used by the Prisons Department.

The Anti-Smuggling Unit has reported that the portable spotlights are not bright enough to be fully effective. Two of the six spotlights are no longer in use because the batteries and chargers are inoperable.

The vapor detector analyzer cannot be used by personnel without adequate training. The RCME staff has not received adequate training. The device is very delicate. It has proven to be difficult to calibrate, move, and use in air-conditioned space. Since it was purchased, the equipment has never been effectively used.

Impact

The Government of Malaysia recipients agree that items have had a positive effort on their counternarcotics effort. The equipment has been useful in various counternarcotics activities.

VIENTIANE

Procedures

Inspections of INL-provided equipment and INL-funded construction projects were conducted during field trips to projects throughout the year. The NAS used these visits to discuss maintenance problems and to insure that INL-funded commodities are being used properly and are contributing to the overall success of the projects. Lao counterparts have made all INL-provided equipment available for inspection.

Status

Vehicles

Three trucks are used by the Bountai District Office and one by the Vientiane headquarters office of the Lao American project. One motorcycle is in Vientiane and nine are at the Bountai Office. The vehicles are used in direct support of project activities by hauling supplies and providing transportation. Vehicles are used strictly for project activities. Eight motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control; four motorcycles, are used by the Sericulture project; two Toyota Land cruisers, one Isuzu Trooper, one Toyota Hilux, and 66 motorcycles are used by the Law enforcement project. Two Toyota Land cruisers, three Toyota Hilux, and twelve motorcycles are used by the Drug Control Department. Two pickup trucks, one Isuzu Trooper, and two motorcycles are used by the Lao National Committee on Drug Control and Supervision.

One Honda Tena, two Toyota Hilux, and three motorcycles are in use by the Counternarcotics Unit at Savannakhet province; one Toyota Hilux and two motorcycles are in use a the counternarcotics unit at Bokeo Province; one pickup truck and five motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Oudomxay province; three pickup trucks and four motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Vientiane; one pickup truck and five motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Champasack province; one pickup truck and six motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Xayaboury province; one pickup truck and five motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Phosally province; one pickup truck and six motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Houaphan province; one pickup truck and five motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Luang Prabang Province; one pick up and six motorcycles are in use at the counternarcotics unit at Vientiane Municipality; one pickup truck is in use at the counternarcotics unit at Xiengkhouang province.

All are in good condition and well maintained. A full-time mechanic controls the project motor pool operation and maintenance. Vehicles are used strictly for project activities.

Communications Equipment

In the Lao-American project, the Motorola base stations provide communications between Vientiane and the project offices in Phongsaly Province. The mobile radios allow for communication between the project area staff and the district offices. All equipment is dedicated to the anti-narcotics Crop Control Project with little opportunity for diversion.

Two HF-SSB radios, four VHF-FM mobile radios, seven VHF ICOM hand-held transceivers, and 14 VHF/FM visar hand-held transceivers are used by the Savannakhet counternarcotics Office. Two HF-SSB radios and two VHF FM radios are used by the Oudomxay Counternarcotics Office. Twelve hand-held radios are used by the Xayaboury Counternarcotics Office. One HF SSB radio, two VHF FM radios, and ten hand-held radios are used by the Champasack Counternarcotics Office. Two HF SSB radios, two VHF FM radios, and ten hand-held radios are used by the Phongsaly Counternarcotics Office. One HF SSB radio, two VHF FM radios, and twelve handheld radios are used by the Houaphan Counternarcotics Office. Twelve handheld radios are used by the Vientiane Municipality Counternarcotics Office. One HF SSB radio and two VHF FM radios, and ten handheld radios are used by the Luang Prabang counter Narcotics Office. Five HF-SSB radios, seven VHF-FM radios, and 38 hand-held receivers are used by the Drug Control Department.

Radio maintenance and repairs were performed either by the U.S. owned distributor of Motorola equipment or by the Ministry of Interior technical staff sent to the CNO’s.

Computer Equipment

Computer and office equipment are used full time in the Vientiane project office for project management purposes. Four CPU's and monitors are located at the Lao National Committee for Drug Control and Supervision. A Gateway 2000 computer and LaserJet printer are located at each of the following offices: Savannakhet, Department of Customs/narcotics Unit, Ministry of Finance, Champasack Counternarcotics Office, Phongsaly Counternarcotics Office, Houaphan Counternarcotics Office, Luang Prabang Counternarcotics Office, and Oudomxay Offices. Counternarcotics Office.

The NAS has three Gateway computers purchased in 2000 and three Dell computers and one laptop computer purchased in 1997. They are kept in the NAS office. All are in good condition.

Computers need constant maintenance and repair. Since computer service in the provinces is irregular at best, usually such computers must be brought into Vientiane for service. Moreover, the supply of electricity in some areas is unreliable. So post is very reliant on generators. The NAS keeps careful inventory of the whereabouts of all computer components at all times.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Fax machines, VCR's, binoculars, cameras, television monitors, and copy machines are used throughout the projects. They are all in good condition.

Problems

Maintenance of equipment, particularly computers, requires constant monitoring. There is continuing cultural reluctance to bring problems to the attention of superiors although some breakthroughs in this area have occurred. Post continues to urge immediate reporting of problems with equipment and installations during inspection visits. For example, many of the radios have dead batteries. These will be replaced during CY-2003. In another instance, the GOL withheld 34 radios from distribution.

Impact

USG funding and commodities remain the keys to project success in Laos. The Lao government is very candid in stating that it has very limited funding available for counternarcotics activities and that it would be unable to actively pursue anti-narcotics goals without foreign donor support. Reports this year indicated that there was some commercial opium grown in the former Houaphan project area but that there have been substantial reductions in the current Phongsaly project area as well as near the sites of other donor alternative development programs. The Lao Government has now banned opium production and has begun active eradication in some areas, but must provide alternatives through such programs as the Lao American Project before it can enforce the ban. USG assistance has not meaningfully contributed to enforcement successes. The training, equipment, and coordination provided under the law enforcement program should have contributed to the improved enforcement capabilities of the CNUS, but has not.



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