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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

The Caribbean


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
October 2004
Report
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BRIDGETOWN

Procedures

Post is responsible for the INL-funded program in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The NAS staff member personally monitored equipment and met with the Police, the Coast Guard, the Financial Intelligence Unit and other officials to review the use of the equipment, training and services provided with INL funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with inspections.

Status

Barbados

Vehicles-The NAS purchased one 2003 Nissan X-trail 4x4 wagon for the Barbados Information Center (BIC) in 2003. It is in excellent condition. One 2001 Mitsubishi L200 double cab purchased for the Babados Airport Security in support of the C-26 program is in good condition. Two 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitaras and one 1998 Mitsubishi sedan are used extensively at the police drug squad but are in reasonably good condition.

Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone at the Coast Guard is in good condition and in use often. One base station and four hand-held radios located at the Coast Guard are working well.

Computer Equipment-The Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) has received 30 laptop computers. The Financial Crime Investigation Unit (FCIU) has received three laptops, four computers, four UPS systems, three printers and office supplies. The Barbados Information Center (similar to the JICC) has received four computers, a server, a scanner, an Ethernet hub, four UPS systems, zip disks and a fax machine. The Police Drug Squad has received a computer; the Coast Guard has received a printer and scanner. All are working well.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The FCIU received a digital camera in 2002. One digital camera, handcuffs, flashlights, batons and one pair of binoculars are in use at the Police Drug Squad. The Coast Guard has night vision goggles, life vests, a camcorder, body armor, zoom camera, handcuffs, flashlights and batons. The life vests have reached the end of their useful life and will be replaced. One pair of night vision goggles in use with Barbados Airport Security is in good condition.

Marine Equipment-The NAS purchased one H920 RHIB in 2003 for the Babados Coast Guard. The Coast Guard has experienced problems with the chart plotter, cracked side window and a warped door but is working with the manufacturer to have these problems repaired under warranty. The Coast Guard's 733 RHIB and Boston Whaler are operational but the RHIB is in need of repair. The starboard engine on the 40 ft. Sea Ark is not working. The Coast Guard is awaiting parts from the local Caterpillar dealer.

Dominica

Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's 2002 Nissan double cab and 1998 Nissan double cab are working well. One 2001 Nissan double cab purchased for the Dominica Customs Service is in good condition. Two 2000 Nissan double cabs assigned to the Grand Bay and Portsmouth police stations are in good condition. The police Special Branch's 20000 Mitsubishi Pajero is working well. One 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the DARE program remains in good condition. A 1996 Nissan double cab with the police Drug Squad is working but nearing the end of its useful life. Five 1996 Jeep Cherokees used by the Police Drug Squad and Special Services Unit (SSU) remain in disrepair with transmission, axle and steering box problems. The Embassy's Military Liaison Office provided two new transmissions for the Cherokees. One worked for a short period; the second transmission is working but the vehicle was involved in an accident and is off the road for repair.

Communications Equipment-There are two Sectel secure phones located in the Police Drug Squad and in the Coast Guard. The Dominica Police have one solar panel radio communications repeater in use. Sixteen of twenty base radios and thirty-seven of forty-three hand-held radios are working. The laptop is used for programming the radios works but needs a new battery.

Computer and Office Equipment- The NAS purchased one photocopier, one copy of i2 Analyst's Notebook, one all-in-one printer/fax/copier/scanner for the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and one shredder, heavy-duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter for the International Business Unit (IBU) in 2003. All are used frequently. Five computers, a shredder, two laser printers, five desks, five office chairs and a safe are in use at the FIU. One conference table and twelve chairs purchased in 2001 remain in storage. The NAS will examine alternative uses for the stored table and chairs. A computer, printer and computer UPS system located in the police commissioner's office are working well. One photocopier located at the office of the DPP is in good condition but toner and other supplies are not available on the local market. One printer and computer UPS system at the Police Drug Squad are working well. It has a photocopier with minor problems, but there are few technicians in Dominica, sometimes causing long delays for even minor repairs. One photocopier, four computers, a network hub, two printers and a fax machine at the IBU and one LCD projector, computer, printer and scanner at the Money Laundering Supervisory Authority (MLSA) are not in use (but remain secure) because these agencies have no permanent staff at the moment. The laptop at the MLSA is working.

Maritime Equipment. The NAS purchased one Zodiac H920 RHIB for the Coast Guard in 2003. It is operational. One 22 foot Nautica RHIB was purchased in 2001. One Boston Whaler and one 733 RHIB also are working. However, the Coast Guard is short of fuel because of Dominica's economic difficulties.

Miscellaneous Equipment- The Marine Police received forty-five life vests and two hand-held spotlights in 2002. One air conditioning unit, night vision goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU's, binoculars, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, and handcuffs re used extensively by the Police Drug Squad. The Marine Police Unit has rain gear, night vision goggles, body armor, a boarding kit, a digital camera, a fiber optic viewer, a drill set and a camcorder.

St. Lucia

Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon is in good condition but the Turbo on its 1998 Cherokee Jeeps continue to experience transmission problems and are out-of-service. The 2000 Mitsubishi mini bus used by the police DARE program is in good condition.

Communications Equipment- Six cellular phones are in use by the Police Drug Squad. Five cellular phones, VHF radios, and a base station are in use at the police marine unit.

Marine Equipment-The Coast Guard has one Zodiac H920 RHIB, one Boston Whaler, and one 733 RHIB. All are working well. The NAS purchased two 225 HP engines in 2003. Four 225 HP engines and two 150 HP engines purchased in 2000 are working well.

Office Equipment and Furniture-The NAS purchased six office desks, six chairs, four office chairs, one shredder, six computers, two printers, one scanner, one fax machine and two fireproof filing cabinets for the newly established FIU in 2003. All are in excellent condition. Three computers, one printer and scanner provided to the St. Lucia Custom Service are working well. One computer and all-in-one printer/fax/copier/scanner at the Police Drug Squad are fully operational. Five air conditioning units, two computers, one scanner, one printer, one photocopier, shredder, and four filing cabinets are in use at the Police Marine Unit's sub-base at Vieux Fort. The fax machine is not working. Two printers, two computers, armchairs, side chairs, desks, a credenza with hutch and a conference table are in use at the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat. Three computers and three printers at the office of the DPP are working well. One shredder and printer are in use at the Police Special Branch. Three computers, one laptop, two scanners and a printer are in use at Customs.

Miscellaneous Equipment-Law books at the office of the DPP, two camcorders, two Polaroid cameras, one VCR, breathalyzer kits, protective suits, fingerprinting equipment, ultra-violet lamps, latex gloves, magnifying glasses, evidence bags and body bags are in use at the police Criminal Investigations Department (CID). The CID was unable to account for a laptop computer at the time of the on-site inspection, but CID personnel said that they would continue to look for it. Digital cameras and night vision goggles are in use at Customs; night vision goggles and a digital camera are in use in the police Special Branch. Lockers, folding chairs, a drill set, body armor, boarding kit, a camcorder and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the police marine unit. Night vision goggles, digital cameras, television, VCR, camcorder, binoculars, body armor and flashlights are all in use at the Police Drug Squad. The police Special Service Branch received one pair. Fifteen lockers and their folding chairs are in use at the Marine Police Unit. Two camcorders, two Polaroid cameras, one VCR, breathalyzer kits, protective suits, fingerprinting equipment, ultra-violet lamps, latex gloves, magnifying glasses, evidence bags and body bags are in use at the police CID. Digital cameras are in use at Customs Service and the Police Special Branch. A drill set, body armor, a boarding kit, a camcorder and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the Coast Guard. Night vision goggles, a digital camera, a television, a VCR, a camcorder, binoculars, body armor, chain saws and flashlights are all in good condition at the Police Drug Squad.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad has a 1998 Toyota double cab and a 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero. Both are in good condition. One 1996 Jeep Cherokee was recently sold at auction. Post is checking to ensure that proceeds are directed to the Drug Squad in accordance with the provisions of the 1999 U.S.-St. Vincent LOA. A second Cherokee remains off the road due to unavailability of spare parts. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero at the Marian House Drug Rehabilitation program is in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero is used for the police-administered DARE program. It remains in good condition.

Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone located at the Coast Guard does not work.

Office Equipment-The NAS purchased one projector and one laptop for the Office of the Attorney General in 2003. It also purchased i2 Analyst's Notebook, laptop, projector, photocopier, television, VCR, shredder and a safe for her FIU. All are in excellent condition. Five computers, two printers, one scanner, fax machine and network are in use at the FIU. Four computers, two printers, a scanner, fax machine and photocopier are working well at the Attorney's General's Office. A shredder in the Attorney General's office is not working and a safe is stuck closed. The NAS is working with the manufacturers and the Attorney General's office to resolve the problems. One TV/VCR and one slide projector are in good condition at Marian House.

Marine Equipment-The Zodiac H920 RHIB's with the Coast Guard are experiencing some manufacturer-related problems, but are in use and proving successful. One 733 RHIB requires a new collar and is receiving minor fiberglass repairs. The Boston Whaler received extensive damage while docked and is not operational.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The NAS purchased one digital camera and one long-lens camera for the Police Drug Squad and one digital camera, alarm and security access system for the FIU in 2003. All are working well. One camcorder, night visions binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, zoom camera, and flashlights are used extensively by the Coast Guard. Body armor, bunk beds, a micro cassette recorder, computer GPS systems, night vision goggles, battering ram, handcuffs, binoculars, camcorder, sight exploration kit, metal detectors and flashlights are used extensively by the police Drug Squad. There are two GPS systems at police headquarters that are used for training exercises.

Antigua and Barbuda

Vehicles-The NAS purchased one Toyota Corolla sedan and one Suzuki Vitara 4x4 for the Office of National Drug Control and Money Laundering Policy (ONDCP) in 2003. Both are in excellent condition. The Police Drug Squad's canine unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages that are in good condition. The Police Drug Squad is awaiting a new clutch for its 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero. Its 1996 Jeep Cherokee is experiencing suspension problems and overheating. The 1999 Nissan Patrol is still in good condition and in use by the police-administered DARE program.

Marine Equipment-One Zodiac H920 Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB) is awaiting a new engine under warranty of a manufacturer's defect. One 733 RHIB is in good condition at the Coast Guard. Two inboard Caterpillar engines purchased in 1999 are working well.

Miscellaneous Equipment-Body armor, weapons belts, a boarding kit, and a digital camera are in use at the Coast Guard. Its camcorder has reached the end of its useful life. One pair of night vision goggles, VCR's, overhead projectors, camcorders, public address system, transmitters, slide projector and microphones are in use at the Defense Force. Night vision goggles, portable scanners, cameras, binoculars, body armor, micro cassette recorders and handcuffs are used by the police Drug Squad. Two portable scanners, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, night vision goggles, rechargeable spotlights and micro cassette recorders are in use at the ONDCP.

Office Furniture and Equipment-Fourteen computers, two servers, one network printer, one scanner and one safe purchased for the Financial Service Regulatory Authority are in good condition. One laptop at the Defense Force and one laptop and an overhead projector at the Police Drug Squad are working well. Four storage cabinets, nineteen computers, computer UPS systems, three printers, i2 analyst's notebook (intelligence software), two portable scanners, two servers, a plotter, four scanners, four printers, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine and typewriter at the ONDCP are in good condition and are working well.

St. Kitts and Nevis

Vehicles-One 2001 Toyota double cab at the Nevis Police is working well. The 1996 Cherokee Jeeps at the Nevis Police and the St. Kitts and Nevis SSU remain out of service. A 1998 Mitsubishi minivan at the St. Kitts and Nevis Police Drug Squad is in use, but the air conditioning unit does not work. A 1999 Mitsubishi minibus with the police-administered DARE program is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The NAS purchased uniforms and boots for the Nevis police and uniforms and T-shirts for the St. Kitts Police Drug Squad in 2003. Night vision goggles used by the Nevis Police were stolen from one of their vehicles while it was parked a the rear of the police station. One pair of night vision goggles, twenty handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, rain gear, body armor, traffic vests and a digital camera are in use by the Nevis Police. A boarding kit, weapons bests, zoom camera and a camcorder are in use by the St. Kitts Coast Guard. Night vision goggles, a camcorder, handcuffs, micro cassette recorder, digital camera and body armor are in use by the police Drug Squad.

Marine Equipment-One Zodiac H920 RHIB and one 733 RHIB are fully operational for the Coast Guard. The 22 ft. RHIB purchased for Nevis Customs is in good condition but rarely used because of personnel shortages and a lack of launch and retrieval equipment. A 22 ft. Boston Whaler is awaiting repairs to its fiberglass hull.

Office Furniture and Equipment-The NAS purchased four computers, five computer UPS systems, one server and one laptop for the Ministry of Finance's Financial Services Regulator; one computer for the National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP); one scanner and one digital camera for the police Drug Squad, four computers; computer UPS systems; three printers and one laptop for the Nevis financial services regulator in 2003. All are in use. One television, VCR, photocopier, four computers, a network hub, scanner and one printer are in use at its Nevis office. Four computers, LCD projector, scanner, fax machine, five desks, five office chairs, two stationary cabinets and two file cabinets are in use at the NACDAP. Six air conditioners, desks, filing cabinets, stacking chairs, executive chair, cabinet, work desk and secretarial chair are in use at the police Drug Squad.

Grenada

Vehicles- The NAS purchased one Suzuki Grand Vitari for the Police Drug Squad's Vitara and one for the police Drug Squad's surveillance unit in Caribbean in 2003. It remains in excellent condition. One 2001 3-ton Toyota truck is in use at the police SSU. One 2001 Mitsubishi L300 van at the FIU is in excellent condition. The police Drug Squad's 2001 Toyota Prado wagon was involved in an accident and is off the road for repairs. Its 1998 Mazda 4x4 double cab is being used by the police force. A 1996 Jeep Cherokee has transmission problems. The 1996 Daihatsu truck purchased for the police force continues to experience problems and has been taken off the road for body repairs. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the police DARE program is in excellent condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment-Forty holsters have been distributed among the police force. Ten pagers, a rescue phone, BDU's, body armor, television and VCR, two digital cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, cellular phones, binoculars, flashlights and night vision goggles are used extensively by the Police Drug Squad. Only five of the ten micro cassette recorders are working. A camcorder, zoom camera, night vision goggles, boarding kit, body armor and a drill set are in use at the Coast Guard.

Marine Equipment-The NAS purchased one Zodiac H920 RHIB and five engines for the Coast Guard in 2003. The Coast Guard Coast Guard's 733 RHIB received two of the new engines and is working well. The Boston Whaler is in use but has a damaged hull.

Computer and Office Equipment-In 2003, the NAS purchased a photocopier and three filing cabinets for the Police Drug Squad, one air conditioning unit for the Police special Branch and two fireproof filing cabinets, i2 Analyst's Notebook, two laptops, and one shredder for the FIU. Two computers, two laptops, one projector, computer UPS system, shredder, fax machine, air conditioning unit and two printers at the Drug Squad are working well. One monitor is no longer working. One fax machine, four computers, two printers, one scanner, photocopier, cellular phones, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs and a filing cabinet are in good condition. One air conditioning unit installed in the building formerly occupied by the FIU is no longer required, but will be used by the Ministry of Works when it occupies the building. The air conditioning and computer purchased for the Grenada Magistrate's court are in good condition. Four computers, two printers and six air conditioning units are in good condition at police headquarters.

Martinique

The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is in service and had 1,148 patrol hours in 2003. It was involved in the seizure of 1,113 kilos of cocaine on April 14, 2003.

Regional Security System

Vehicles-The RSS C-26 program received an Isuzu double cab pickup in 2002. It is in good condition.

Aircraft- The RSS airwing operates two C-26 maritime surveillance aircraft for the purpose of maritime drug interdiction surveillance. Both are working well.

Marine equipment-The RSS Training Unit received a Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002 for training purposes. It is working well.

Construction-The NAS reburbished the RSS Central Liaison Office's (CLO) dormitory and classroom, including construction of separate dormitory rooms with lockers, replacement of ceiling and lighting fixtures, installation of Venetian blinds, installation of air conditioning units in the classroom, tiling of the dormitory, walkways and stairwells and interior and exterior furnishings.

Office Furniture and Equipment-The NAS purchased two laptops for the C-26 program, two projectors, two lecterns and fifteen lockers for the RSS in 2003. All are working well. Four computers, ten printers, two scanners and two laptops are in use at the RSS CLO. Air conditioners, a microfiche reader printer, laptop, desktop computer, two printers and two fax machines purchased for the C-26 program are in use at RSS CLO, the RSS Maritime Operations center and the C-26 hanger. Six computers and one laptop have reached the end of their useful lives.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The NAS purchased lockers for the RSS TU, and six flight suits, seven pairs of flight boots, four pairs of safety boots and six pilot headsets for the C-26 program in 2003. All are in excellent condition. Chair saws, tents, night vision goggles, rope binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE's and GPS receivers purchased in 1999 for the RSS are used for marijuana eradication operations. They are in good condition. Flares, flight suits, flight boots, pilot headsets, two refrigerators, two televisions, two VCR's, microwave oven, radio cassette, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, a digital camera, camcorder, cellular phones and hand-held radios are all in good condition and used by C-26 crewmembers. Mattresses, sheets, pillows, folding tables, folding chairs, a washing machine and dryer are in use at the RSS TU.

Impact

The most significant impact of NAS assistance has been the increase in maritime drug interdiction in the Eastern Caribbean as a result of the RSS C-26 program and Zodiac H920 RHIB interceptors provided to Eastern Caribbean Coast Guards in 2002 and 2003. Since 2001, the C-26 program has yielded over five tons of cocaine and nearly eight tons of marijuana seized or disrupted. NAS-provided assistance is essential to ensure that Eastern Caribbean law enforcement agencies are active partners in regional counter-narcotics efforts because these agencies are chronically under-funded as a result of the region's struggling economies. The equipment provided has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, and intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities of all regional law enforcement agencies. INL-funded training has provided a broad range of personnel with skills to carry out their drug control or other anti-crime missions. The equipment and training provided by INL and the NAS have strengthened the abilities and morale of counternarcotics agencies and have demonstrated the USG's counternarcotics commitment in the region.

Problems

Skill and experience levels among the various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. Post targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time; however, subsequent turnovers sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with the equipment. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair. The NAS hopes to alleviate this issue with respect to the Zodiac 920B RHIB's, as each recipient country has committed to using up to $30,000 of its annual FMF allocation to maintain the RHIB's. Incidents of theft and misuse of equipment in this region are rare.

HAMILTON

Procedures

The Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessel, "Blue Heron, seized by DEA and transferred to the Bermuda Police Service in 1996. Relations with the local police service in the area of law enforcement cooperation are excellent.

Status

During the year, the vessel was used as a platform during anti-narcotics missions. The vessel remains at sea for up to five days. The vessel continues to conduct inshore and offshore patrols. It has been involved in a number of search and rescue missions and a number of narcotics-related operations. The vessel is in good condition although it sustained minor damage during Hurricane Fabian. The damage has since been repaired. No other major maintenance or repair problems have been experienced.

One member of the Police Marine Section is permanently attached to this vessel and as circumstances dictate, additional crew members are added. Emphasis was placed on surveillance of cruise ships and cargo vessels both inbound and outbound from Bermuda.

Impact.

The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible.

KINGSTON

Procedures

The status of the commodities was derived from NAS records, information provided by the host government, and from direct observation by employees of NAS or other sections or agencies at post.

Status

Vehicles

Two Nissan sedans are used for general official duty of the JCB National Intelligence Bureau (NIB). The JICC is now a part of the NIB. Both vehicles are used to transport field officers as they gather intelligence on drugs, firearms and other complex crimes. The vehicles are over 10 years old and are unreliable.

A new Nissan Sport SUV and Rodeo SUV are used by the Jamaican Constabulary Force Fugitive Apprehension Team (JFAT) to transport JFAT team members and to visit expatriate law enforcement officials to track down information on fugitives and facilitate their extradition. The vehicles receive regular maintenance. The JFAT has been an outstanding success as the result of ongoing training and encouragement provided by the US Marshal's Service.

Seven vehicles are used by the Special Vetted Unit (SVU) for routine office and surveillance use. The vehicles are all mechanically sound and in good working order. They provide mobility and quick response for the Unit. The Unit works closely with the DEA Kingston Country Office in narcotics investigations throughout Jamaica.

Two 4WD vehicles were donated to the Ministry of National Security and Justice (MOJ) for general administration of justice programs. The Half Way Tree Night Court Division used one vehicle, which is in fair condition. The second vehicle and the fax machine are no longer in service. They will be disposed of at an auction by the MOJ.

One 1989 Isuzu and one 1996 Suzuki are located at the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP). The Suzuki Swift had a minor accident in 2003, but was repaired by the GOJ and is in fair working condition. The Isuzu is unserviceable and will be disposed of by the GOJ auction.

A Mitsubishi L-300 minibus is used by the Addiction Alert Organization (AAO) to transport peer counselors and students to disadvantaged communities in rural and urban Jamaica. The vehicle is unsuitable for intensive work particularly on rural roads and is in need of continuous maintenance. It has become uneconomical to operate.

A Ford Expedition is used by the NAS to support the counternarcotics program in Jamaica.

Two 1996 Suzuki Swift 4WD vehicles are used by the Ministry of National Security (MNS). The Half Way Tree Night Court uses one of the vehicles; the other vehicle is in general used by the MNS. The vehicles have provided a valuable contribution to Jamaica's law enforcement administration.

Computer Equipment

Five Gateway computers, a LAN system, and a LaserJet printer are located at the JICC. The JICC is the U.S. law enforcement's primary point of contact within Jamaican Law enforcement for intelligence coordination and sharing. The JFAT has one desktop computer and printer. Three desktop computers, two laptop computers and two printers are maintained by the NAS.

The computer equipment is functional except for two of the Gateway computers received in 1998.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Ten tool kit sets provided to the Jamaica Customs Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) suffer from expected normal wear and tear, with individual items worn out, broken, or lost. These kits have increased the drug seizure capabilities of the CET. Post plans to replace worn out equipment and provide additional equipment in 2003.

The JCF Fugitive Apprehension Unit (FAT) has two Ion Track itemizer contraband detection systems, two GPS systems, one stationary and one portable FATS firearms training simulator. The itemizers have been very successful in deterring passengers from carrying narcotics, cutting the use of "drug mules" (passengers swallowing pellets of cocaine) by more than 60 percent.

The JCF Training Division operates the firearms training simulators. They are used for initial and refresher discretional shooting training. The M-16 rifles are in working condition and are maintained as an integral part of the JCF weapons supply.

The two mobile trailers are in poor condition. One is located at Ken Jones Aerodrome in Port Antonio; the other at Boscobel Aerodrome in Ocho Rios. They have been used as police stations.

The last of the brush cutters given to the JCF Narcotics Division in 2000 has worn out and will be disposed of. Twenty more brush cutters and assorted equipment have been ordered. Five of the 63 brush cutters provided to the JDF Coast Guard are in usable condition. The remaining ones are worn out and will no longer be reported.

The JFAT has two megaphones, one camera, one photocopier, ten flashlights, one binoculars, one camcorder, ten tactical hoods, and one microcassette recorder. One of the tactical hoods, one megaphone, and one flashlight have not been located since last year and are presumed lost. However, all the other items are accounted for and in good working condition.

The Jamaican Immigration and Passport Office has one copier that is in good condition and used in support of investigations into passport/visa fraud and malfeasance. Jamaica Immigration and Passport Office personnel use the copier for general office duties as well as to provide copies of documents that are shared with consular anti-fraud officers.

Two IonTrack machines have been installed at the Norman Manley International Airport (NMIA). One of the machines has been out-of-service for two months. The GOJ has purchased parts to repair the machine. The machine in the Customs Hall is underutilized. NAS has requested a meeting with the Ministry of National Security to resolve the problems.

Two digital cameras are used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to photograph seized items for use in court and by other investigative units. The cameras are in excellent condition and are in daily use for the purpose intended. The ten tool kits have suffered from normal wear and tear and should be replaced.

Patrol Vessels

Four 40-foot SEAARK vessels, three Avance boats, two 82-foot Coast Guard cutters, two Boston Whalers, and three 44-ft fast coastal interceptors are used by the Jamaican Defense Force (JDF) to patrol territorial waters, to intercept drug trafficking, and to perform emergency rescues. The three fast coastal interceptors were handed over to the JDF in March 2003. They all developed maintenance problems after several months, which post has been unable to resolve despite ongoing communications with the vendor. A comprehensive report was sent to Washington with a request for support under the terms of the warranty. Eight of the eleven additional vessels are unserviceable due to age and lack of spare parts/service.

Impact

The impact of the boats on antinarcotics operations has been limited due to low serviceability and generally poor detection capabilities, i.e., lack of onboard radar. The boats have to be vectored to their targets by other assets, such as JDF Air Wing or other patrol aircraft. This must be carefully coordinated and inherently causes delays in acquisition of the target and increases the likelihood of detection or leaks that compromise the operation. The limited endurance of these boats has also had a negative impact on operational efficiency and effectiveness.

JDF participation in marijuana eradication has been limited the past two years. The JDF had to withdraw its personnel from the project when they were needed for emergency use as prison guards, due to a walkout by regular prison guards. This year the program has proceeded, but at a reduced scale, using contract laborers to do the cutting. Additional JDF troops were diverted to staff one of the new prisons after the escape of a serious criminal.

NASSAU

Procedures

The NAS performs the End Use of commodities year-round, conducting periodic inspections of vehicles, computers, and property, and taking inventory of all major commodities in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, Army, and Coast Guard personnel, working under Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), provided on-going reports on the status of infrastructure and equipment at Georgetown, Nassau and Great Inagua, and Matthew town throughout the year. NAS personnel visit each OPBAT site periodically to inspect facilities and equipment. Bahamian government officials and NGO's cooperate with the NAS on the End Use Monitoring process.

Status

Vehicles

Vehicles have been provided to the Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBDF) Drug Enforcement Unit (11), the RBDF Strike Force (4), the RBDF Canine Unit (1), and the NAS (1). The NAS has continued the monitoring of these vehicles.

Since authorities limit personnel transport to golf carts whenever possible, the NAS donated an electric powered golf cart in 2002 for the use of the DEU Strike Force. The vehicle is in excellent condition.

Intel Equipment

High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) offices in Nassau and Freeport. The NAS also provided training on the use and proper maintenance of this equipment to DEU officials. In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACADS) for the DEU office in Nassau.

Computer Equipment

NAS-donated computers are being used by the DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory and the Police College, and Customs Department. They do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment.

In 2003, the NAS initiated procurement of an Office Network System that could link Nassau and Freeport with Strike Force Units at OPBAT sites. This system will be installed and functioning in Spring 2004.

JICC Equipment

The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.

Canine Program

In 2003, NAS continued to provide technical assistance and support to dog handlers and canines in the Container Port in Freeport. Training, technical support and supplies were provided to support the two-dog canine unit. The NAS worked closely with the officers from the GCOB's Department of Customs to improve the program's effectiveness. After evaluating the program cost-effectiveness in late 2003, the NAS agreed with officials of the Customs Department to terminate the program. The small canine unit in one of the largest container ports, was unable to independently identify drugs in the cargo. The NAS will officially terminate the program in 2004.

Vessels

The three NAS-donated interceptor boats, two high performance, triple engine, diesel-powered Nor-tech and a 12-meter outboard motored Avenger were effectively used throughout most of 2003. The boats provided much needed "end game" capability for OPBAT helicopter pursuits. The boats have been strategically located in Nassau and Freeport, operating on long-range missions in varying sea and weather conditions, typically at night and at high speed. However, at the end of 2003 in separate missions, two of the interceptor boats suffered major engine damage. The NAS has been working with the GCOB to replace or repair these boats by procuring the necessary parts. The NAS is also addressing issues regarding maintenance of the boats.

Construction

The five OPBAT modular housing units (entirely funded by NAS in 1991) require continuing maintenance, repair, and equipment replacement due to the corrosive salt air and tropical weather. The septic unit does not work well and should be replaced by a package waste water treatment plan.

OPBAT Andros-NAS-funded housing units continued to be used by Bahamian law enforcement officers participating in OPBAT missions.

OPBAT Matthew Town- The NAS funded electric lighting for the perimeter of the OPBAT base in Inagua. In 2003, the NAS initiated a procurement request to replace the aging housing units for OPBAT personnel station in Inagua. The five OPBAT modular housing units installed in 1991 had a life span of seven years only and require continuing maintenance, repair and replacement of equipment due to the corrosive salt air and tropical weather. The housing project will be jointly funded by DEA, USCG, GCOB, and GTCI as well as the NAS. It will be completed in the summer of 2004.

Problems

A perennial concern in the Bahamas is the lack of funding for proper maintenance for USG donated equipment. Although the local Police Force services the NAS funded vessels to the best of their abilities, there is a lack of resources for in-depth testing. In addition, there is inconsistency in the use of maintenance logs. In the case of the high performance boats, comprehensive diagnostic testing needs to be undertaken outside the island. The NAS has established a yearly maintenance agreement with the manufacturer of the boat to ensure that the boat receives proper care. The NAS is also working with USCG to integrate further for training mechanics and regularly monitoring of logs as part of the End Use Monitoring process.

Impact

NAS donations have had a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. Without a tax base to fund its interdiction efforts, the Bahamas depends on NAS donations. There is a very close working relationship between Bahamian law enforcement officials and USG counterparts. A great deal of planning goes into any request for equipment or supplies from NAS resources. NAS donated electronic surveillance equipment are markedly improving the ability of the DEU to dismantle major Bahamian based drug trafficking organizations to make OPBAT interdiction mission more intelligence driven and productive, and assure that it will remain a hemispheric model of success. The NAS will continue to work with the GCOB to review the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of all USG- funded programs.

PORT AU PRINCE

Procedures

The NAS Director FSN assistant makes inspection of donated items part of every visit to the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG), which received the bulk of post donations during 2003. These inspections included several visits to Killick and Cap-Haitien HCG bases during 2003. The FSN assistant inspected equipment previously donated to the Coast Guard Special Counternarcotics Police Unit (BLTS) and the JICC. U.S. Coast Guard and DEA personnel also monitor the condition and use of donated items during their visits to counterparts. Post requests official notice of any donated equipment to be withdrawn from service and inspects such equipment prior to its removal from the NAS inventory. Haitian cooperation has been good, but records, with the exception of the HCG, have not been kept.

Status

Vehicles

Of the three previously donated Jeep Cherokees, one remains in repairable condition at the BLTS. A second was destroyed by an accident in 1999; a third was found in unserviceable condition at the JICC. The new Toyota Hilux pickup donated to the HCG base at cap-Haitian received body damage in a single vehicle accident. It is being repaired with NAS funds. The HCG was informed that the repair amount would be deducted from other assistance in the near future.

JICC

The JICC is in operation with several employees. Computers and servers are non-functional. The NAS has received several requests for replacements but has not complied, due to concerns about abuse and poor maintenance of previous donations.

Vessels

Since November 2003, a MonArk has been deployed to Gonaives and St. Marc. Another MonArk will be repaired in Miami in 2004. A third MonArk, extensively retrofitted with new diesel engines in Miami during 2003, is in service at Cap-Haitian, along with two Eduardono go-fast vessels, one of which was captured from drug smugglers and newly retrofitted by the U.S. Coast Guard, and a Boston Whaler in marginally serviceable condition. Though HCG mechanics are inventive, repairs to the aging fleet are often beyond their capacity, causing a frequent drain on limited NAS funds.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Equipment turned over to the HCG in 2003 included furniture, dishes, uniforms, and other equipment to make the Cap-Haitian and Killick bases habitable. Post makes random inventory checks several times during every visit. The newly constituted Financial Investigation Unit (FIU) is awaiting delivery of computers and other office equipment.

Problems

The overarching problem in Haiti is whom can you trust. Corrupted Haitian officials, assisted by certain Dominican counterparts, have limited the success of counternarcotics efforts, allowing free movement of contraband and aliens into and out of the country by air, sea, and land routes. On the theory that even reluctant cooperation can be helpful, post will continue current Embassy practice of limiting information provided and judging allies by their performance. Haiti suffers from the endemic third-world lack of maintenance awareness. With unpredictable but substantial repair expenses and no new INL funding for Haiti since 2000, opportunities for new initiatives are extremely limited. Transportation within the country makes the counternarcotics and anti-crime mission difficult under normal circumstances. The rising toll of political violence on lives and infrastructure further undermines any motivation by the uniformed services to operate with the public good in mind. Haiti, impoverished and corrupted, is being exploited by powerful extralegal forces and shaken by armed political conflict.

Impact

The support provided to date has had limited impact on the counternarcotics mission, due to its piecemeal application and limited follow-up. The opening of the Cap-Haitian HCG base has extended the presence of reliable law enforcement to the lawless north coast area, resulting in several narcotics arrests and interception of narcotics proceeds. Frequent End Use Monitoring by the NAS and the Military Liaison Office has limited the dissipation of USG assistance during 2003 but has not measurably improved counter-narcotics results. Eventual rebuilding of Haitian law enforcement will require the participation of a few honest and capable leaders. If the program in Haiti has had any significant impact, it has been to encourage the belief of a few worthy Haitian public servants that they are not wasting their time.

PORT OF SPAIN

Procedures

Resources provided to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) are monitored primarily through quarterly reports that detail the location, status, and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT letters. A Central Office in the Ministry of National Security produces these reports. In addition, the Embassy's Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs officers, political officers and the INL program assistant monitor the resources when visiting sites where the equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies have been generally cooperative in providing End Use Monitoring data, with encouragement from Embassy agencies.

Status

Aircraft

The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. However, the long-term plan for the Cessna 172 is to return it to service for use as a training platform. The Cessna 310 was functioning through most of 2003, but it will require significant refit to meet safety standards. In 2003, USG funds were used to upgrade the avionics and the airframe of the Cessna 310.

Both Piper Navajos were in service for most of 2003. The upgrades to the avionics are still outstanding.

Both C-26 aircraft were in serviceable condition (aside from some brief downtime for minor repairs) throughout 2002. In April 2002, the C-26 CG 216 underwent repairs to the leading edge of the right wing after a turkey buzzard collided with it. However, it was back in service after three weeks. The CG 216 also had some repairs to the FLIR system so it would lock on to the radar system coordinates. The CG 215 underwent sensor systems modification in St. Johns, Newfoundland, during the summer. In September, one of the sensor systems on the SG 215 was disabled by a static electricity discharge. The system was repaired in December.

In 2002, post provided $18,000 worth of parts to keep the Air Section operational. They are stored at Base 2 at the Juan Santamaria International Airport. There are adequate controls in place to ensure their proper use. The parts are being used for their intended purpose.

Vessels

One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and was out of service the last half of 2002; the second vessel was operational the first half of 2002, but had some repairs carried out on its engines during the second half of 2002. The vessel had undergone tests on its engines and was put back in service in February 2003.

All four 82-ft island class patrol craft are operational and frequently conduct patrols off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad, and the fourth is headquartered in Tobago.

The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are operational and used in counternarcotics/law enforcement interdiction operations initiated by the Trinidad and Tobago Customs and Excise Division and in interagency operations.

The three Sea Ark 40-foot patrol craft donated in 1995 are no longer operational. It has been difficult to procure parts for these older vessels. Permission has been given to dismantle and discard these boats.

All three of the Zodiac Hurricanes are unserviceable. One of the Hurricanes does not have an engine; the second is unserviceable due to wiring problems; the third has damaged pontoons.

Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2002. The engines on the fourth craft are being repaired. The engines on the other three have been overhauled. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.

Vehicles

The Nissan Bluebird is on the premises but is not serviceable.

U.S. Customs-Provided Radar

The six U.S. Customs-donated radars provide the GOTT with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. The system allows the JOCC, an interministerial agency, to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspected of narcotics trafficking. However, the limited operational status of the radar installations has hampered the efforts of JICC personnel. As of January 2003, there are only two operational radars. The radar have not markedly improved this situation because the components are not necessarily compatible with the GOTT radars.

The multimeter and scopemeter are used in maintaining the six radar installations.

JICC

Two of the computer workstations, donated in 1994, were not functioning throughout 2003. They were not able to access the LAN due to their incompatibility with Windows NT. One of the workstations is used for the sole purpose of transmitting information to the El Paso Intelligence Center. The other workstation is used as a backup for the collection and transmission of information on vessels, aircraft and subjects. The third computer workstation is used for the storage, collection and analysis of data and is serviceable. The JICC regularly collects and transmits information concerning vessels and individuals suspected of narcotics trafficking to the El Paso Intelligence Center.

Computer Equipment

The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 was in use all year. During 2003, the laptop was used for data management. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would otherwise be possible.

The computer equipment at the Police Youth Club (PYC) is being used to help members with their studies and to teach basic computer skills that will enhance their ability to obtain future employment.

Computers are being installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They will give the branch an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.

Twenty-five laptop computers and three desktop computers were recently received by the Board of Inland Review. They are fully functional and used by the attorneys and new criminal tax investigators.

The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.

In 2000 and 2001, post provided the following computers and peripherals to the various departments within the Ministry of Public Security: 1 IMAC, 4 Dell inspirion laptop computers, 4 dell computers with monitors, 1 HP DeskJet printer, 2 Epson color printers, 1 Epson scanner. The following items were issued to the Drug Control Police (PCD): IMAC computer, 1 Dell Inspirion laptop, 4 Sony digital video cameras, 1 HP desktop printer. These items are being used at the PCD's field offices throughout the country. The Financial Crimes Unit has one Dell Inspirion laptop computer; the OIJ Narcotics Section has 4 Dell computers with monitors; the National Police Academy has 2 Dell Inspirion computers and 1 Epson scanner. All equipment is being properly maintained and used for its intended purpose.

In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics section.

Communications Equipment

The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The Interpol radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.

The ten radios provided to the Interpol Liaison Office were in use throughout the quarter. All are in good condition, except that one of the batteries does not hold a charge well.

Miscellaneous

The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at an acceptable level.

The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations.

The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational during 2003. The Coast Guard and its special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and used throughout the year. The Data scopes, Infrared cameras, and aural enhancement units, were field tested after arriving early in the year and have been in use through the second half of 2003. Three handheld global positioning system receivers were fully functional and in use throughout 2003.

The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.

The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth is not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout 2001. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.

The ion scanner used by the Airport Authority was not operational through most of 2003. The scanner malfunctioned as a result of insufficient electrical power in the part of the airport terminal where the machine was located. The terminal was rewired in 2001. However, there still have been instances of power surges that damage sensitive equipment like the Ion scanner.

The six Bushnell night scopes were in use and fully operational during 2001. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the scopes. They assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during night operations.

The 30 iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.

Brush cutters, chain saws, binoculars, leggings, nigh-vision goggles, gloves were used by the OCNU in marijuana eradication efforts. The equipment is kept at OCNU headquarters and checked out for specific missions and have been used extensively in 2003.

The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videotapes.

In 2002, post provided 60 optical passport readers and 5 mobile inspection terminals to the Immigration Department. This mobile system will allow Immigration officials to deploy to the airports, borders, and ports. A contract was awarded to develop software that would allow optical readers and mobile terminals to access data stored in the Immigration Department's database. To date, the optical readers and mobile inspection terminals have not been deployed due to a "data migration" problem between the new software and the Immigration Department's database. It was determined that the Immigration Department must provide previously withheld access to data that would allow the contractor to solve the "data migration" problem. Post has withheld final payment to the contractor until this problem is fixed. The software is in the testing phase and is expected to be up and running by the end of April 2003.

Problems

Post noted no major problems in the course of the year's monitoring activities. However, due to a parliamentary deadlock for most of 2002, and subsequent general elections in October, many GOTT agencies had personnel changes, which affected some End Use reporting efforts. In 2003, the GOTT also funded repairs on its vessels; however, some repairs are not fully completed because backordered parts have not arrived in country.

Program Changes

In 2003, it will be necessary to meet with new officials responsible for compiling data for End Use Monitoring Reports to orient them to the End Use process. In addition, some government entities do not have the required manpower to fully utilize the INL-funded services/commodities provided. It appears that in 2004, the GOTT will take steps to ease the manpower shortage in the necessary agencies. Nevertheless, the GOTT has shown its commitment to maintain and improve its counternarcotics capabilities, with for example, numerous marijuana eradication operations, interagency counternarcotics operations, and in one instance, host-country funded repair of aircraft.

Impact

The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) conducted 52 patrols covering over 1,500 nautical miles resulting in 65 seizures/intercepts. The one operational Bowen G-Fast boat conducted 40 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-ft patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counternarcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering over 7,561 nautical miles.

The two C-26 aircraft conducted over 200 missions in 2003, ranging from training missions to counternarcotics missions. The sensor/maintenance package has greatly enhanced the Air Wing's ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago. Recently, the second C-26 played a pivotal role in apprehending several fishing vessels in Trinidad and Tobago territorial waters.

The two 29 ft. Phantoms played a key role in monitoring the nation's coast and surrounding waters. During 2003, Customs officials conducted more than 250 counter drug/law enforcement patrols and frequently operated in conjunction with TTCG and other GOTT law enforcement agencies when performing those operations. Between October and December 2003, Customs participated in thirty-three land and thirty-four sea joint couunternarcotics /law enforcement operations.

The GPU's were used to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops during marijuana eradication operations conducted during 2003. In November, this equipment assisted the TTCG and Customs Marine Interdiction Unit in interdicting a vessel from the Lady Kay-M with marijuana and other contraband.

The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the destruction of more than 120,000 marijuana, trees, and seedlings. The gloves were used to protect hands during fast roping descents into marijuana-growing areas. Boots, bulletproof vests, and leggings were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers.

The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.

The previously developed tracking system of the laptop computer has greatly enhanced the GOTT's ability to monitor pleasure craft/cargo vessels in coastal waters thus making it easier to intercept suspect vessels. The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of GOTT customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.

SANTO DOMINGO

Procedures

The NAS officer and the NAS assistant frequently visit the National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD) and National Drug Council (CND) for informal on-site inspections. DNCD, the National Drug Council (NDC), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banking provide annual inventories of all USG-donated equipment, including serial numbers, location, and condition.

DEA and U.S. military involved in law enforcement carry out informal monitoring during their regular trips to geographic sites and provide updated reports on condition and use of assets. The NAS officer and assistant also frequently visit sites.

Embassy personnel stress to their Government of the Dominion Republic (GODR) counterparts that INL assistance is provided for counternarcotics purposes and that they will be held accountable for ensuring the proper care and use of INL donations. The NAS received excellent support both from receiving GODR agencies and from Embassy counterparts in monitoring USG-donated equipment.

The NAS procured equipment for a newly established inventory unit that supplies regular reports on the status and condition of all equipment donated to the DNCD.

Status

Vehicles

The NAS bought nine vehicles for use by the SIU vetted unit. Three Blazers purchased in 1993 are assigned to the DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo to support Special Investigations Team operations outside the capital. Three additional Blazers are detailed outside of the city. Four Toyota pickups, three Chevrolet SD-10 pickups, two Toyota 4-runner Jeeps, two 1994 Ford Metro minibuses, and seven Yamaha motorcycles are detailed outside of the city. Three Ford Metro minibuses, one Chevrolet minibus, three Chevrolet Blazers, and two Yamaha motorcycles are detailed for use in the city. The NAS provided a pickup truck for the shelter of battered women in Bani.

Non-function vehicles were removed from the DNCD inventory. All USG-donated vehicles and motorcycles are operational and being used for their intended purposes.

Communications Equipment

Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.

The NAS supplied radios and radio repeaters in support of the canine units at La Romana, Punta Cana, and Santiago (Cibao) airports.

The NAS funded installation of a fourth mountaintop repeater, giving radio communication coverage all along the border with Haiti and allowing DNCD communications throughout the cities of Santiago and Santo Domingo.

JICC Equipment

The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.

Computer Equipment

Computer equipment includes 68 Dell computers, 31 LaserJet printers, and 14 modems. The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU): 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer. The NAS purchased computer equipment for the newly established National Police Trafficking in Persons Investigation Unit and supplied racks for equipment previously provided.

In 2001, the DNCD completed a three-year computer system expansion with the addition of 23 computers, 3 servers, 9 switches, 4 printers and a battery bank for backup support to the generator system. DNCD's Division of Operation Intelligence received 8 computers and printers. The FIC received 13 laptops, 1 server, 3 printers, and 2 switches. The CND received 20 computers, 1 server, 3 printers, and 2 switches for use with the seized asset management and tracking system software developed by an INL-funded independent contractor. The Department of Migration received 10 computers purchased under a 1997 Immigration Control System LOA. All INL-provided computer systems and networks are fully utilized.

The DOD provided a computer and modem to each DOIF in 2002 and for the new Caribbean Center for Drug Information.

Search and Rescue personal computer software was previously acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case. The Dominican Navy is using the software for search and rescue operations.

All equipment donated to the DNCD, CND, Immigration, and the National Police is operational and being used for intended purposes. Computers donated to DOIF are mostly non-operational. Routine NAS support to the DOIF's was terminated during the year due to maltreatment and misuse of equipment and non-performance of those units in their intended function of intelligence collection.

Vessels

Nine U.S. Coast Guard cutters were previously transferred to the Dominican Navy through the Section 516 Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. Four vessels are considered to be operational. None of the vessels are in frequent use due to acute budget constraints and associated scarcity of fuel.

Of the six Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB's) acquired in 1994 to patrol the rivers and coasts near the ports, one remains in operational condition and is operated by the Armed forces counter-terrorism unit. In 2003, three outboard Zodiac RHIBs were provided to the Dominican Navy with NAS funds. All three boats are operational. The boats were inspected by the Coast Guard liaison officer in October 2003. One boat was attached to a 180-foot Navy vessel, and two were used for port security escort duty in Santo Domingo's harbor. Three 17-foot fiberglass harbor patrol craft were acquired through a FMF case in November 2003. All three are operational and are performing harbor security functions in the ports of La Romana, Santo Domingo, and Haina.

In cooperation with the MAAG, the NAS bought three Zodiac Rigid Hull Inflatable boats (RHIBs) for the Dominican Navy's Riverine and harbor patrols.

Aircraft

Six UH-1H helicopters were donated in 1994. Two remain operational after installation in 2003 of NAS-funded tail rotor gearboxes. In return, the NAS received a promise of airlift in case of need for border counternarcotics operations.

Canine Program

Five new dogs were added to the DNCD contingent at the La Romana airport; one dog working at Punta Cana airport died, bringing the total DNCD canine force to 29 dogs. The NAS provided dog cages at the Santo Domingo ferry terminal and utility belts and other personal equipment for the agents of the DNCD canine unit. Recertification of all DNCD dogs and handlers indicated that several dogs needed retraining or replacement. These activities are planned for 2004.

A NAS initiative funded the purchase and training of five explosives detection dogs for the new canine unit of the Airport Security Service, CESA. All are housed with their handlers at Las Americas airport in new facilities constructed by CESA.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 Brother fax machines, helmets, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, and electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002.

The NAS continued to fund regular maintenance of generators and UPS equipment for the DNCD and for the Bani Center for victims of domestic violence.

Program Changes

Sharp budge cuts have forced the NAS to focus on core programs, including DNCD support, National Police training facilities, and port security. The NAS inspection of DOIF field sites showed computers in non-operational condition and minimal intelligence production, leading the NAS to withdraw support to the DOIF's until such time as their staffs are properly trained and performing their intended mission. The NAS is funding a Military Training Team (MTT) visit for several weeks of intelligence for DOIF's and other Dominican law enforcement groups during 2004.

Problems

Preventive Maintenance

Vehicles, vessels, and other complex equipment subject to rough treatment tend to suffer from systemic inattention to preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs. The Dominican Navy, having received delivery of six refurbished patrol craft and two newly constructed vessels, is unable to patrol them due to lack of fuel filters and other routine maintenance supplies. The problem originated when, responding to rising costs during extended contract negotiations, the Navy chose to save money by giving up the contractor's maintenance package, rather than reducing their procurement by one ship. The Navy's maintenance command has been re-established but the base at Las Calderas, intended site of the reconstituted maintenance school, lacks necessary equipment, parts, and training. INL budget projections offer little hope of near-term relief, but part of the requirement may be supplied from U.S. military sources.

Corruption

The biggest problem to overcome in the battle against Dominican Republic—based drug trafficking, international crime, and potential terrorist support is endemic corruption. Law enforcement agents and military enlisted are paid so poorly that petty corruption is a virtual necessity to feed and clothe a family. Greedy superiors issue requirements for monthly contributions from officials charged with duties in ports, airports, and other potentially lucrative assignments. The business and social norm is that one pays bribes for normal government services and bigger bribes for special favors. Among perpetrators of this systemic corruption is the judicial system, which often fails to prosecute apparently sound cases. Establishment of a new norm of public service without bribery and favoritism is a prerequisite for any real progress in strengthening the judicial and law enforcement's systems. This effort will rank high on the Embassy's priority list for many years to come.

Impact

DNCD effectiveness in counternarcotics affairs is almost completely attributable to equipment, training, and close support provided by DEA and the NAS over several years. The NAS is attempting to cement the same relationship with the National Police, CESA, the National Drug Council, and the banking superintendency. Other members of Embassy's law enforcement community are working with agencies such as the DNI, the Dominican equivalent of the FBI, and various military organizations with duties related to law enforcement. The Dominican Republic appears on the Majors list for both drug transit and money laundering. Continued law enforcement cooperation with the GODR is vital to avoid ceding the battlefield to smart, well-organized delinquent gangs and their corrupted hencemen in official positions.



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