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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Southwest Asia


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
October 2004
Report
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CALCUTTA

Procedures

Post carried out physical inspection of vehicles with the Calcutta office of the Narcotics Control Bureau and obtained inputs for the End Use Monitoring report via telephone and correspondence from recipients of INL commodities at sites in other states of the consular district. INL commodities have been donated to three organizations in Eastern India: the Mizoram State Excise, the Central Bureau of Narcotics (CNB), and the Narcotics Control Bureau.

Status

Computer Equipment

Two computers with printers are at the Excise headquarters and one each is in the Champhai and Saiha offices of the Excise superintendent. Two of the desk jet printers have been out-of-order for 6-7 months with problems that the Aizaw-based service contractor have not been able to rectify. INL provided computers have enhanced the agency's data collection and intelligence capacity.

Communications Equipment

Five Motorola radio handsets are being used in the headquarters by the anti- narcotics staff, two in Champhi, and one each at the Superintendents of Excise at Saihi, Varengte and Kolasib.

Vehicles

Three Maruti Gypsy 4-wheel drive utility vehicles are at the Anti-narcotics Division at Aizwl headquarters and one each is in Champhai, Saiha, and Vairengte. All are in good condition and are of great support in terms of mobility for the Excise staff's counternarcotics efforts.

Four Yamaha motorbikes are at the Aizawl headquarters and one each is at the district offices of Aizawl and Champhai for mobility in intelligence gathering. Two bikes are in Guwahati and being used by the CNB to collect intelligence.

A Maruti Omni van was donated to the Narcotics Control Board (NCB). It is being used for preventive and surveillance work. A Maruti Esteem was donated to the NCB in 2002. It is being used for the conveyance of senior officials to conduct training programs and to attend meetings and liaison with other government agencies. It is also being used for preventive/surveillance work. A Toyota Qualia was donated to the NCB in 2003. It has been involved in a number of seizures. It has greatly enhanced the mobility of the NCB staff during its raid of an illegal drug laboratory in the city and subsequent arrests and investigations.

Miscellaneous Equipment

One digital camera was donated to the Office of the Superintendent of Excise at Saiha and to the Anti-Narcotics Squad in the Indo-Burma border town of Champhai; two were donated to the Anti-Narcotics Division of the Excise headquarters in Aizawl. The camera at Champhai developed defects that cannot be repaired locally and has been replaced with one from headquarters. The cameras have proved very useful in exchanging photographic details for identification and verification. A digital recorder was donated to NCB in 2001.

Ten weed trimmers donated to the CNB have been lying around for two years as there as there has been no poppy eradication in the Northeast since 2002.

COLOMBO

Procedures

Post monitored resources through periodic communications and on-site inspections by mission officers. Through the relationship developed with the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board (NDDCB), the Federation of Non-governmental Organization Against Drug Abuse (FONGOADA), the Sri Lanka Anti-Narcotics Association (SLANA) and the Mithuru-Mithuro rehabilitation Center personnel, these procedures have proven effective. Mission personnel have continued to receive verbal updates on the status of equipment from each organization.

Status

Audio-visual and Office Equipment-Video and slide projectors, fax machine, photocopier, and an answering machine were supplied to the FONGOADA in 1995 and 1997. The equipment is located at the FONGOADA office in Colombo. FONGOADA maintains the equipment properly. The equipment is used by FONGOADA member organizations to conduct narcotics prevention programs. They put special emphasis on assisting smaller NGO's around the nation, which are not as well funded as those in and around the city of Colombo. The facsimile and answering machine are used as intended. FONGOADA advises that the videocassette recorder is used when the organization is able to borrow a television. The video projector and the photocopier are not in working condition and cannot be repaired.

Miscellaneous Equipment-The following equipment was supplied to the NDDCB in 1993-1996: two fume hoods, calculators, typewriters; amplifiers; camcorder; printer; fax machine; microwave ovens; scanner; wireless microphone; copier; microcassette recorder; transcriber; overhead projector; speaker horn; amplifier; color scanner; word processor; Olympus transcriber; IBM Notepad laptop computer; JVC video camera with accessories. All items are in satisfactory condition and being used at the NDDCB offices in Colombo.

A photocopier was provided to the SLANA in 1998. The equipment is in good working order at the SLANA office in Colombo. A Sony 14" color television was purchased for the Mithuru-Mithuro Drug Rehabilitation Center in 1999. It is used with recovering drug addicts in an educational setting. It is in good working order.

Impact

The equipment provided to the NDDCB supports the analytical work of the National Narcotics Laboratory (NNL), which conducts analysis of narcotic drugs and other psychotropic substances. The NNL provides analytical records covering suspected narcotics samples forwarded by the Government and other sectors for examination. The audiovisual equipment has supported the NDDCB training division's awareness building, preventive education and training programs at the agency auditorium, and mobile unit conducting outdoor programs. The photocopier enabled SLANA to enhance its current outreach efforts.

DHAKA

Procedures

The narcotics coordinator visited the testing laboratory at the Department of Narcotics Control (DNC), examined the equipment, and observed the use of each piece of equipment by laboratory personnel. The DNC personnel were cooperative and helpful.

Status

In July 2000, post turned over to the DNC an analytical balance, top-loading balance, and polarizing microscope for use in their newly constructed narcotics testing laboratory. The lab's results have been accepted by the Bangladesh courts as bona fide evidence in narcotics cases. All items are clean and in excellent working order and stored in a temperature controlled lab within a secure building and compound. Items are being used for their intended purpose.

Problems

The DG DNC is energetic and proactive, but this department and the laboratory in particular, suffer from severe budgetary constraints. Aside from the equipment provided in 2000, there is little more that the chemists and technicians have to work with. Basic items such as voltage stabilizers and Uninterrupted Power Supplies (UPS) do not exist. The absence of these items places equipment at undue risk of damage or failure. In addition, field communications, field testing, and sophisticated narcotics analysis tools are seriously lacking.

Program Changes

To help address these challenges, a Letter of Agreement (LOA) on Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement was signed in 2002 between the USG and the BDG to provide equipment and training. An ICITAP visited the DNC's drug lab in June 2003 to evaluate the needs and provide recommendations to increase its efficacy. In addition, an amendment to the original LOA, which will provide training to address police professionalism, internal corruption, and forensic investigations, is under review with the BDG. The narcotics coordinator will periodically check on the operations of the laboratory and report any significant changes, as well as progress in implementation of the LOA amendment.

Impact

Samples referred to the drug lab continued to increase to over 9,000 in 2003. Without further support, the lab will become inoperative within the year. The support provided has not had a significant impact on improving the quality of the lab's work or its efficiency.

ISLAMABAD

Procedures

The NAS checked approximately eighty (80) percent of NAS-provided non-expendable commodities in 2003, through formal countrywide on-site inventories using the EUM process, and informal spot checks. In cities and towns, post inspected 100 percent of commodities.

The NAS staff arranged appointments in advance with all agency heads for the 2003 EUM. The NAS EUM team carried out a series of visits to all recipient agencies within the country in accordance with jointly agreed schedule in Quetta, Karachi, Rawalpindi, Lahore and Peshwar. During field trips throughout the year, the NAS staff spot-checked agencies in Lahore, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Peshawar and Karachi. The NAS staff checked all non-expendable items inventories. As part of the assessment, the NAS staff determined whether an item was serviceable, repairable, or suitable for auction.

NAS staff traveled throughout the tribal areas and was able to physically check over 70 percent of the vehicles at the location of assignment. For the remaining 30 percent, NAS staff was able to verify from local administration that the vehicles were under authorized dispatch and in use in the field as reported. When travel to an area was not feasible, the NAS staff compared NAS-generated computerized inventory records against recipient agency written inventories. GOP agencies have a good track record of maintaining current inventories of NAS-provided equipment.

Locations not visited were either too remote or in areas where commodities were too few, or in locations that had not been identified by the GOP. In some cases, agencies made commodities from remote locations available for inspection by NAS staff at main locations. When travel to areas was not feasible due to remoteness of the location or the security situation, the NAS staff compared NAS-generated computerized inventory records of commodities against recipient agencies written inventories. Overall, the GOP has a good track record of maintaining current inventories of NAS-provided equipment.

Status

With a few exceptions, commodities were in place and being used for the purposes for which they were provided. The condition of items varied from location to location.

Vehicles

The INL-funded vehicles provided to the Government of Pakistan (GOP) are used for drug interdiction by the law enforcement agencies and to implement development programs funded by the NAS in Mohmand and Bajaur agencies. In the law enforcement area, they were used for poppy enforcement operations; law enforcement stake-outs; transporting officers to road checkpoints; chasing, apprehending and transporting criminals suspected of smuggling illicit narcotics; searching for drug laboratories; and transporting officers to central locations. In the development area, they were used to transport project managers and project implementation staff to monitor the progress of development projects, and to authenticate GOP reports of crop eradication. They were also used to purchase and transport NAS-provided agricultural commodities for farmers and security escorts required in tribal areas.

In 2002, the NAS provided to various GOP law enforcement and security agencies 1146 vehicles and 115 motorcycles. (Seventy-five percent of the vehicles are now more than seven years old.) The fleet of vehicles was distributed to the following GOP agencies: ANF (197); Pakistan Customs (95); Pakistan Rangers (13); Frontier Corps (440); Baluchistan Police (36); Coast Guard (55); Bajaur Agency (23); Mohmand Agency (16); Dir (3); Malakand Agency (14); Khyber Agency (4); Frontier Constabulary (1); Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) (270); NCD (8); NAS office (12); Intelligence Bureau (84); SIC (26). ). Although most were received in early 2003, many were not deployed to their locations of permanent use on the western border until later in the year due to GOP delays in assigning them to locations, installation of needed accessories, etc. In addition, the FC BSP vehicles were deployed to incredibly remote, dangerous, and all but inaccessible locations along the Pak-Afghan border. Post was unable to make on-site inspections of most of them. FC will provide quarterly reports on the locations and status of all BSP vehicles.

In 2003, the NAS provided the various GOP law enforcement agencies 1110 vehicles, 103 motorcycles, and 117 water tankers/trailers under the BSP project and six vehicles under the Khyber Agency Development project. One INL-funded vehicle provided to the Pakistan Customs was stolen at gunpoint in Karachi in 2003. It is the second such incident. A similar vehicle was stolen under the same circumstances in 2002. Both cases were reported to the police, but to date there have been no arrests.

The NAS found that two new Isuzu vehicles, one each assigned to North and South Waziristan were severely damaged during operations. The vehicles had numerous bullet holes; one had been destroyed in an explosion. All others were operational.

The NAS provides some vehicle maintenance support to the GOP. During the year, NAS vehicle maintenance support funded engine overhaul and/or major repair of five FCB, seven ANF and three Customs vehicles. As a rule, funds for vehicle maintenance come from the budget of the agency to which they were donated. However, in many cases these budgeted maintenance funds were not readily available to the agency on a timely basis.

Vehicles deployed at Karachi and along the coastal belt of Baluchistan deteriorate faster than those deployed in other parts of Pakistan. Therefore, maintenance and upkeep of vehicles deployed at Karachi and along the coastal part of Pakistan is more critical than vehicles deployed to the interior. NAS identified for disposal commodities with excessive maintenance costs and downtime. This included 54 vehicles and eight motorcycles from various agencies. The NAS encourages GOP agencies (especially Customs) to use sales proceeds from auctions to ameliorate the maintenance funding flow problem and to replace irreparable vehicles. The 54 vehicles and eight motorcycles identified as unserviceable in 2003 will be auctioned in 2004. The proceeds will be used to procure new vehicles and to finance repairs for the remaining fleet. Proceeds of sale of prior year auctions amounting to $90,000 were applied during 2003 for the procurement of six vehicles and 10 motorcycles for Pakistan Customs for delivery in 2004.

Communications Equipment

Communications equipment is used by law enforcement agencies to enable them to plan, coordinate and conduct counternarcotics operations. Equipment includes VHF repeaters, VHF base stations, HF SSB base stations, VHF hand held transceivers, VHF mobile transceivers. Radio equipment plays an important role in the ability of the various law enforcement headquarters to communicate with their other stations nationwide. In some remote areas, the equipment is the sole means of communication between outposts. In the development area, communications equipment is used to communicate between the office of the political agent, the project manager and the construction/project site to relay requirements for equipment; provide site to relay requirements for equipment; and provide information on progress of problems. The radio equipment also enables political agents to coordinate and supervise enforcement destruction of opium poppy cultivation.

In 2003, $4.5 million of communications equipment was procured under the Border Security Project. The equipment included 2,721 radios and related communications equipment. It was designed to improve the mobility, communication, and efficiency of the recipient agencies that operate in remote, inaccessible, and often lawless areas.

The high turnover of qualified and experienced technicians has hampered the proper use and maintenance of NAS-provided communications equipment by ANF and Customs personnel. A lack of maintenance resources has plagued small agencies. The NAS has urged both ANF and Customs to address this problem through expeditious upgrading and filling of vacant positions. At the end of 2000, the GOP relaxed its ban on recruitment of new personnel and despite having filled 225 vacant positions, ANF still remains deficient by 1,020 personnel from its authorized strength of 2,558 personnel.

Two NAS communications experts carried out End Use Monitoring of communications equipment on a regular basis throughout 2003. The equipment was installed in some of the most remote, inaccessible areas in Pakistan. The two NAS experts' regular trips to these regions to install the equipment enabled post to conduct EUM in a cost-effective and logistically smooth manner. In the interim, a NAS engineer provides technical support for communications equipment on a regular basis to Customs, Coast Guards, FCB, and ANF. All equipment was found in good working conditions and in proper use.

Office Equipment

The office equipment used by ANF, Customs, Frontier Corps, and Police headquarters includes computers, 39 fax machines, and 65 photocopiers. The equipment was well maintained and in use.

Vessels

A Boston Whaler, provided to Pakistan Customs in 1987, is located in Karachi. It was used for patrolling the harbor area and for the random monitoring of fishing trawlers and small cargo ships to determine whether narcotics are on board. Customs decommissioned the vessel in 1996 because it did not meet size requirements for high seas law enforcement activities and required costly maintenance for continuous operation in highly polluted waters. During a July 2000 technical inspection, a USG Coast Guard team recommended measures to put the boat back into operation. The boat became fully operational in 2003, but its utility is questionable due to the absence of Customs' own mother boat which is awaiting repair of major accidental damage to its hull and to the lack of operational budgetary support.

The NAS-provided 27-foot "challenger" Boston Whaler assigned to Pakistan Customs remained underutilized due to underfunding in the GOP budget for Pakistan Customs. It was put back into operation in 2002 after refurbishment and installation of new engines at a cost of $90,000. Its utility as a support vessel was also marginalized after the Pakistan Customs mother boat went into dry-dock after an accident. The challenger is usually towed by the mother boat.

Agricultural and Area Development Projects

Agriculture and area development projects are concentrated in the NWFP, especially in the Khyber, Mohmand and Bajaur agencies. Agricultural extension projects consist of agricultural plots to demonstrate improved varieties of seed and the provision of fertilizer and small tools. Area development projects also included 30.3 kilometers of farm-to-market roads in Bajaur Agency and 14.5 kilometers of farm-to-market roads in Mohmand agency to open up new areas; small hand-dug wells to irrigate high-value crops; eight projects to provide irrigation channels to irrigate lands with spring water; drinking water supply projects; and electrification for wells and derivative water projects.

Area development projects were monitored in a number of different ways. The major road activities were managed by a civil engineering consulting firm, which provided construction supervision services. The NAS staff monitored and spot-checked the work of the consulting firm as well as the physical work of the road construction contractors. Other projects undertaken in the area development sector include farm-to-market roads to open new areas, drinking water supply, small hand-dug wells for irrigation of high-value crops, and village electrification. The area development activities are designed mainly by the GOP with the assistance of NAS engineers.

A total of eight different road projects were under construction in Mohmand Bajaur and Khyber during the year for a total distance of 42 km. In addition, 25 small water utilization water schemes were under construction in the three agencies.

Aircraft

The five Huey II helicopters were flown a total of 1076 hours during the year. Aircraft were maintained in fully capable status for 70 percent of the time. Three fixed-wing Cessna Caravan 208 aircraft were delivered during the last quarter of 2003. They were flown 165 hours and maintained in fully mission capable status for 97% of the time. Almost all of the flight hours were for training purposes with several exceptions. Exceptions were responses to official GOP requests for emergency humanitarian assistance. There were no recorded or suspected accidents, damage, or cases of misuse of helicopter assets during 2003.

Impact

Total seizures by all GOP law enforcement agencies increased enormously in 2003. Heroin seizures increased from 2002 levels by 283 percent; opium by 125 percent; and hashish by 24 percent. ANF and Frontier Corps Baluchistan were responsible for over 50 percent of the seizures. The GOP contributed the increase, especially in Baluchistan, to USG-supplied Border Security Project equipment, which improved their capacity to access the remote areas in which the majority of seizures were made.

ANF registered 530 narcotics cases in the GOP's special narcotics courts in 2003, 83 of which were decided with a 94 percent conviction rate.

Pakistan Customs arrested 233 foreign traffickers, more than a 50 percent increase over 2002. The impact of NAS assistance on Customs' counternarcotics activities in 2003 was further reflected in an astounding 621 percent increase in heroin seizures.

Post achieved a fully operational helicopter squadron; attained enhanced mobility for Frontier Corps Baluchistan (FCB); gained day and night offensive helicopter capability for FCB; provided airborne casualty evacuation capability for FCB; put into place a fully trained combined force to achieve air mobile reaction force within Baluchistan; and accomplished fixed-wing training for aircrew and maintenance crew to achieve a day and night surveillance platform for FCB.

Program Changes

While the NAS ordinarily verifies about 80 percent of INL-donated equipment each year during the EUM process, this will become more of a challenge in the future because of the initiated Border Security Program (BSP). The NAS is taking several steps to ameliorate the problem. Post plans to fill the INL aviation position in 2003. This will increase the NAS' ability to oversee the INL Aviation contract and Air wing progress. The NAS has already filled an administrative assistant position in Quetta. The NAS recently hired a procurement assistant in Peshawar to beef up the existing procurement staff in support of the Border Security Program. Finally, the NAS is considering the hiring of an inventory clerk who would work full time in Islamabad overseeing the range of items procured by the NAS.

Problems

Limited Vehicle Repair and Maintenance

Given the large number of vehicles and communications equipment being provided to the law enforcement and security agencies under the BSP, it is difficult for the agencies to support and maintain their equipment because of limited capacity that they have at hand. There is a need to expand or construct and equip new larger repair and maintenance facilities at Headquarters as well as forward bases of respective agencies. This would require a substantial increase in their GOP budget allocation. The NAS will address this issue with appropriate GOP authorities and seek increased budgetary support to these agencies to expand their existing repair and maintenance facilities.

Staff Shortages

High turnover of qualified and experienced technicians has hampered the proper use and maintenance of NAS-provided communications equipment by ANF and Customs personnel. The Baluchistan and NWFP Home Departments, major recipients of our assistance, badly lack maintenance capability. A lack of maintenance resources has made proper upkeep difficult. The NAS has urged both ANF and Customs to address this problem through expeditious upgrading and filling of vacant positions or the creation of new positions. A NAS engineer and a technician regularly provide technical support for communications equipment to Customs, Coast Guard, FCNWFP, FCB and ANF. However it is difficult for two people to keep up with the demand. NAS' focus in the coming year will be on improving these agencies capabilities to repair and maintain the equipment post has provided.

Misuse of Resources

In the course of monitoring resources in 2003, NAS staff detected two incidents of misuse of official vehicles. Post met with the agencies in question to convey its concern about these problems. NAS staff identified one case in a resort area in the scenic Northern Areas, in which the son of a prominent Northwest Frontier Province politician was improperly using a NAS vehicle that had been provided to Frontier Constabulary (FYC). Apparently the children of the politician and a FCY officer were friends. When post spoke to the FYC command (who was not aware of the misuse), FYC immediately put a stop to the misuse.

NAS Queta staff also uncovered a number of incidents in which family members of the FCB were improperly using NAS-supplied ambulances to do errands and grocery shopping. Post spoke to the FCB Liaison Officer, who assured post that the misuse would not happen again. Post has seen no further evidence of the misuse.

KATHMANDU

Procedures

Post has regular contact with the Drug Control Law Enforcement Unit (NDCLEU) and conducts annual checks of equipment. The NDCLEU fully cooperates with post inquiries about the status of USG-funded equipment.

Some equipment is used outside Kathmandu Valley. Post can only conduct spot checks when in those areas on other travel. Diirect monitoring during the Maoist insurgency has been problematic. As a result, post has relied on status reports from police headquarters for updates on the status of equipment.

The Pol/Econ officer met with representatives of the Drug Abuse Demand Reduction Program and toured their facilities.

Status

The equipment donated to the NDCLEU, and the Home Ministry's Drug Abuse Demand Reduction Project (DADRP) is in good condition and is being used for the intended purpose.

Vehicles

The bicycles (20), motorcycles (5), and scooters (2) were given to the NDCLEU in 1997 and 1998. All vehicles are still in good condition, except for the scooters which are infrequently used due to their age. The vehicles have greatly improved NDCLEU's mobility. No repair or maintenance has been required so far. Eight motorcycles were presented to the Nepal Police Women's Cell in September 1999. The Cells are special units of the police, formed to combat crimes against women and children. Four of the motorcycles are in Kathmandu and four are in other districts. According to the head of the Women's Cell, two of the motorcycles have been misappropriated for other official police business not related to the Women's Cell. Post will follow up with the Nepal Police.

Computer Equipment

A laptop computer, desktop computer, scanner and digital camera were presented to NDCLEU in January 2002 for the creation of a database of convicted traffickers. A computer and printer were provided to the mini- forensic laboratory. A digital scanner was provided to the NDCLEU in 2002.

Miscellaneous Equipment

A mini-forensic laboratory for drug analysis was established in January 1999 at the Central Police laboratory. The lab has a gas chromatograph and two gas canisters, a Wiley grinder, a vertical autoclave, an automatic water still, a spectrophotometer, a vacuum pump, a refractometer, a melting point apparatus, and a computer and printer connected to the chromatograph. Not all of the forensic lap equipment is used, although it remains in good condition, due to lack of training on the equipment for the lab's staff. Additional training could eliminate this problem.

The DADRP has been supplied a fax machine, camera, overhead projector, monitor and video camera. All units are in good condition. The DADRP uses them regularly in support of training for Nepali teachers.

Problems

Travel to some areas of Nepal has been limited due to security concerns. However, most monitoring activities may be carried out effectively.

Impact

The support provided to the NDCLEU and the Women's Cell of the police has had a direct and positive impact on the effectiveness of the units by increasing mobility and investigative capabilities. The NDCLEU's computers have enabled the unit to maintain regular email contact with DEA and FBI contacts in New Delhi, Bangkok and elsewhere, facilitating the investigation of organized crime syndicates. Equipment in the Central Laboratory has given the police the capacity to analyze a drug sample quickly and accurately. Analysis by the lab is recognized as expert testimony in court.

NEW DELHI

Procedures

Post conducted End Use Monitoring in Northeast India and in North Central India, including the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Gwalior, Chandigarh, Varanasi, and West Bengal. Calcutta's FSN conducted follow-up telephonically. Donated items were provided to the Mizoram State Excise Board, the Central Bureau of Narcotics in Guwahati, Assam, and the Narcotics Control Board.

Post requires officials who receive INL-funded commodities to sign acknowledging receipt and agree to maintain the commodities in accordance with LOA standard provisions. The Central Bureau of Narcotics (CBN) was particularly helpful in ensuring that the donated motorcycles were available for inspection, since they are widely scattered throughout CBN's field offices.

Status

Vehicles

Three 4-wheel drive utility vehicles are located at the Anti-Narcotics Division at Aizawl headquarters, and one each is at Champhai, Saiha and Vairengte for mobile duty and counternarcotics undercover operations. All are in good condition. The vehicles were used for a preliminary survey of reported illegal poppy cultivation and to develop informants in Mizoram's southernmost tip on the Indo-Burma border.

Over 50 motorcycles were provided to the Central Bureau of Narcotics (CBN); 18 to Chittorgarh in Rajastban; 18 to Neemcuh in Rajastan; 10 to Luckow in Uttar Pradesh, 1 to Gwallor; 1 in Delhi; and 2 in Guwahati, Assam. With the exception of one motorcycle in Uttar Prasesh which is undergoing minor repair, all are in excellent working order.

All of the motorcycles have been accounted for. Given the poor state of Indian roads and the thousands of miles that CBN staff travel during the poppy growing season, the motorcycles are well maintained and repairs have been minimal. The motorcycles are being used for the purpose for which they were provided.

One Toyota Qualis, two Honda Hero motorcycles, one Mahindra Boleo, and two Maruti Esteems were donated to the Narcotics Control Bureau unit. The Qualis is used primarily for preventive work, searches, and seizures of illicit narcotics. The Maruti Esteems are used for surveillance since these vehicles blend into the urban traffic pattern of New Delhi. The Honda Hero's primary functions are to perform reconnaissance, deliver court summons, and make other deliveries. The Bolero that was delivered to New Delhi has been transferred to the Jodhpur Zonal Unit where it is used for surveillance.

The remaining vehicles that were delivered to Chadigarh, Varanasi and Jodhpur are in excellent condition and used for preventive and surveillance work. The are distributed as follows: Chandigarh: 1 Hero Honda motorcycle and one Qualis; Varanasi: one Bolero; Jodhpur: one Qualis and one Bolero (transferred from the Delhi office).

NCB Calcutta has not received the Bajaj scooter from a 2001 purchase order because the necessary state government forms to transport the vehicle to the site were not submitted to the car dealership. Post is working with the Zonal Unit in Calcutta to ensure that the necessary paper work will be filed and delivery made.

Cameras

Two digital cameras are assigned to the Anti-Narcotics Squad at Excise Headquarters in Aizawl, and one each to the Anti-Narcotics Squad in Champhai, and the Office of the Superintendent of Excise, Saiba. Both are on the Indo-Burma border. They are being used to collect evidence and to photograph arrested and suspected traffickers. All of the cameras are in excellent condition except for the camera in Champhai. It could not be repaired locally and has been replaced with one of the cameras from headquarters. The cameras have been used to send/exchange images for identification and verification as well as sharing them with others in law enforcement agencies.

Computers

Two computers are at headquarters and one is at Champhai and Saiha, with units having anti-drug responsibilities. The computers are used for data collection, documentation and record keeping for easy and expeditious compilation and access. For the last six months, two of the desk jet printers have been out of order and cannot be repaired by a local contractor. The computers have greatly enhanced the agency's data collection and intelligence networking capacity.

Communications

Three Motorola headsets are in the headquarters at Aizawl, and two each are with the Aizawl district office and the Anti-Narcotics Squad at Champhai. One each is at Saiha, Office of the Superintendent in Kolasib, and at Vairengte.

Miscellaneous

The two offices of the NCB each received a digital recorder. The recorders are being used during interrogation for taping statements (and telephone conversations).

The following equipment was provided to CBN for use in field locations in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh: 8 digital cameras, 11 digital calipers, 60 hygrothermometers, 6 electric weighing scales, and 11 heavy-duty drying ovens. Six of the digital cameras have been used to photograph and catalog the different stages of poppy growth in each field office. The remaining 2 cameras are kept in Gwalior where they are used by inspectors visiting the various fields. The 11 calipers were used for measuring the poppy capsules to determine the optimum yield at harvest time. The 11 hot air ovens were used for drying out the poppy crop. The hygrothermometers were used to record temperature and humidity. Of the 60 hygrothermometers, seven are not functioning properly. Two of the six electronic weighing balances purchased for weighing samples are not working properly. INL is expecting a report from the Neemcuh field office to determine how to repair or replace the two scales.

NCB New Delhi received a Hitachi camcorder that is used by the investigative and intelligence branch in Delhi for surveillance and to record seizures. The camcorder is in excellent condition.

Ten weed trimmers are located at Guwahati for use during operations to destroy illegal cultivation. They are in excellent condition but have not been used since 2002. The CBN has been unable to carry out eradication operations due to lack of forces.

Impact

INL's assistance to the CBN through donated vehicles and equipment has greatly enhanced the mobility of the CBN's staff and helped CBN effectively monitor the harvest of the opium crop and subsequent processing. The INL donated motorcycles were used to patrol the licit opium growing fields for enforcement operations; apprehension of criminals; the search for drug laboratories; and the monitoring of field measurements. The motorcycles have also been used for the detection and eradication of excess poppy crop, physical checks at weighment centers, and carrying out drug and chemical interdiction efforts. The Toyota Qualis was used in a seizure of eight kilograms of brown sugar heroin and the subsequent arrest of four traffickers in December 2003. The Bolero was used for the seizure of 120 kilograms of hashish.

The Motorola radios provided to the CBN have been a boom for the group in the remote areas devoid of any communication means or electricity, allowing daily contact with the base camp and the Guwahati office. The weed trimmers were used successfully to destroy cannabis fields in the plains of Assam.

TASHKENT

Procedures

The political officer is responsible for End Use Monitoring. Post also has a full-time FSN to support INL training courses and equipment donations. Post continues to improve its procedures to monitor INL-financed equipment on a day-to-day basis. Post personnel travel to remote border posts and meet with appropriate officials to verify proper storage, maintenance, and use of the INL-provided equipment. DEA maintains an inventory of all equipment transferred to the SIU; has instituted a tracking system for property transferred to the SIU; and has responsibility for End-Use Monitoring.

Status

Vehicles

In August 2000, Customs received nine 4-wheel drive Jeep Cherokees and spare parts funded by INL. All vehicles were equipped by Customs with HF radio. They are currently divided into five mobile units patrolling rural border areas. Post has confirmed that the vehicles are in satisfactory condition. The State Customs Committee is encountering difficulties finding spare parts on the local market. Twenty-eight vehicles were also obtained for use by the Special Investigative Unit (SIU). .

Computer Equipment

In December 2002, post delivered 27 INL-funded laptop computers for use at 12 remote border railroad ports of entry/exit on the borders with Tajikistan Turkmenistan and Afghanistan, a region that includes several major narcotics trafficking routes. Border guards have reported that they are able to process border control operations transmit trains much faster.

Miscellaneous

In December 2002, inspections mirrors (300), "Mag-Lite" flashlights (300), and narcotics identification kits (140) were provided to the State Customs Committee to ensure that every Customs post on the border had a least basic inspection and testing equipment and to increase potential drug interdiction at ports of entry/exit. The equipment was distributed to 60 stationary and mobile Customs border posts, as well as to Customs training facilities. This equipment is in good working condition.

In 2001, post provided jungle boots, camel backs, compasses, diving fins, first- aid kits, flashlights, GPS systems, vests, protractors and watches to the Committee for State Border Protection for use by the maritime operations unit in patrolling the islands in the Amudarya river that serves as the border between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan.

The following equipment was donated in support of the SIU: office safes, binoculars, handcuffs, scanners, digital scales, folding chairs, Polaroid camera, digital CD cameras, laptop computers, desktop computers, VCR's, televisions, high power telephoto lens, technical investigative equipment, and mobile printers. DEA conducts End-Use Monitoring on a constant basis.

Problems

Post has encountered some problems obtaining information about donated equipment from host government. Due to the remote locations where a majority of the equipment is used, post is unable to regularly monitor the equipment.

Impact

The impact of the resources is difficult to determine since the INL-funded program is still in its infant stages. However, the SIU has been effective and has conducted several successful operations.



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