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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Africa


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
October 2004
Report
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ACCRA

Procedures

Post has received signed statements from the Executive Secretary of the Ghanaian Narcotics Board (NCB) acknowledging receipt and proper use of the items. Items are available for inspection. Post performed periodic spot checks during regular on-site visits.

The NCB has been highly cooperative in the effort to document how equipment has been used and maintained, and has been forthcoming with information about the impact USG support has had on counternarcotics efforts in Ghana.

Status

Communications Equipment

Post distributed a mobile cellular transmitter and a voice stress analyzer to the NCB in calendar year 2002. The items are in new condition and are performing according to specifications. The cellular transmitter is carried by various undercover narcotics agents. The stress analyzer is employed in an interrogation room at NCB headquarters. Three computers and one server are also in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Two ION itemizers, sample traps, and calibration traps were provided to the NCB for detection of illegal substances at the airport. One itemizer is in regular use at Kotoba International Airport and the second itemizer is maintained at NCB headquarters for emergency deployment. The second itemizer is also used in field training at border points of entry.

One gym bag covert video system was provided to the NCB for use with counter-narcotics investigations. The gym bag is housed at NCB headquarters.

One KIA van modified with surveillance equipment was provided to the NCB for use with counternarcotics investigations. Six Samsung cellular phones were provided to the NCB for improvement of communications within the organization. Two steel cabinets with safe tops, one voltage stabilizer, two investigators' kits, one Panasonic video cameras, and one zero-light camera are still in use by the NCB.

Vehicles

Two Suzuki motorcycles were provided to the NCB to facilitate the general functions of and expeditious response by the NCB in its counternarcotics efforts. Eight crash helmets were provided with the motorcycles.

Problems

There have been no problems thus far with the use of the items. A defect in the two itemizers has been repaired. Government offices in Ghana have difficulty in gaining operating funds for resupply of consumable items (e.g., batteries, printing paper, calibration traps for the itemizers). While NCB officials assert that they will have funds available for future supply, the NCB budget for future years cannot be assured, as the GOG is perpetually short of funding. Post and the NCB are exploring ways to guarantee funds for future resupply.

Impact

NCB officials have demonstrated a capability to use the equipment and post foresees significant impact in the form of increased operations and pursuit of illegal activity.

NCB officials attribute the success of a major counternarcotics operation in the fall of 2003 in part to the use of the surveillance equipment provided. The provision of these commodities has visibly boosted the capacity of the NCB in its counternarcotics effort in Ghana. The NCB has also trained neighboring countries in West Africa in successful anti-narcotrafficking tactics using equipment provided by the USG.

ADDIS ABABA

Procedures

The political section works with USAID in providing oversight of project funds. USAID made two site visits during 2002 to monitor activities. The Good Samaritan Center submitted activity reports in 2002. Post is satisfied with the combination of its site visits and activity report from the center, as well as with the level of cooperation from the Ministry of Health.

Status

A total of $50,000 was given through the U.N. fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) to the Good Samaritan Center to initiate a rape crisis intervention center in Addis Ababa. It will be used to provide direct services to sexual assault victims. Part of the funding was used to conduct a baseline study of the city. The baseline study revealed the limitations of the local police capabilities in dealing with victims of sexual assault. Local police do not have a forensic laboratory. The Good Samaritan Center redirected its focus from initially one of providing direct services to sexual assault victims to providing training to rape crisis counselors.

Problems

A 2001 external audit of the rape crisis intervention center by a local auditing firm documented instances of financial improprieties and lax accounting practices. However, the audit report did not indicate any evidence of theft or fraud. A representative from USAID's Office of Financial Management has counseled the management on shoring up its management deficiencies and instituting tougher financial oversight controls.

Program Changes

The Good Samaritan Center has expressed interest in expanding its services to include counseling to women on breast cancer and on dealing with handicapped and AIDs-infected children. However, it realized it must proceed slowly until it can demonstrate success with the rape crisis center.

Impact

The rape crisis intervention project has had success in instilling a culture of awareness in primary care providers of the needs of sexual assault victims.

COTONOU

Procedures

The post narcotics officer visited the police station on several occasions during the past year. The Government of Benin (GOB) provides periodic reports on the use of all commodities.

Status

Fifteen Motorola Visar radios were distributed to the Benineese National Drug Interdiction Office and various Antidrug squads. The radios are currently being used and maintained properly.

Post received two itemizer chemical detectors for installation at the international airport in Cotonou to assist security-screening personnel. The itemizers were misplaced recently during the tenure of one of the several TDY RSO's. They were located in a storage room next to the office of the FSN investigator. Post has obtained names of the GOB personnel who will use the itemizers and completed record checks with local police.

Impact

The resources have been used extensively daily. The resources have significantly contributed to the GOB antinarcotics mission.

LAGOS

Procedures

During 2003, the Embassy's Narcotics and Law Enforcement Officer (RNLEO) staff visited all projects and personally viewed each item provided the Government of Nigeria (GON) law enforcement community while conducting a complete inventory. Equipment provided to the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) is under the constant oversight of U.S. citizen sub-contractors and one U.S. direct-hire (police advisor) employee of the U.S. Department of Justice.

The RNLEO, Police Advisor and key Staff have regular meetings with counterparts to ensure proper use and care of all donated items. Since the most expensive equipment donated to date is located at the three international airports, the NLEO was issued an unrestricted airport access badge to conduct unannounced visits for the purpose of monitoring the use of donated equipment.

RNLEO has periodic meetings with the Ministry of Justice to review project goals and achievements. During these meetings, each Nigerian Project coordinator is required to give an assessment of the state of the project including an accounting of the equipment associated with the project. In the case of smaller items, such as bulletproof vests, the officers are often in the field with the equipment.

A countrywide inventory was conducted in November/December 2003 to bring all records of property donations up-to-date.

Status

Communications Equipment

The Lagos State Division of the NPF received 40 Motorola base stations and 340 radios. Radios were distributed in Ikeja, NDLEA headquarters Lagos, and airport locations.

Computer Equipment

During 2003, post provided 25 computers, seven printers, and one server for a Research Center at the NDLEA Training Academy. They also provided two laptop computers, two power point projectors, two printers and one overhead projector to the NPF to support the Police Modernization Project.

The Nigeria police INTERPOL unit received two desktop PC systems and two HP 1200 Laser Jet printers. All computer equipment at the NDLEA Academy is in good condition and kept in an air- conditioned environment. The computers/printers/ UPS units located at Interpol are not working. The computers cannot be repaired.

Vehicles

Twelve Honda CG-125 motorcycles were provided to the NDLEA in 1999. They have been distributed to the field. Four Toyota Hilus pickup trucks and two Toyota Hiace Minibuses were provided in prior years. The INTERPOL received one Toyota Hilux pickup truck and one Toyota Condor van.

All vehicles appear to be in good condition and in constant use. Any repairs needed have been done by GON. Vehicles are located at INTERPOL, SFU, JOS Academy, Lagos HQS of NDLEA, the airport in Lagos, and the ports: Apapa zone and Tincan Island.

Miscellaneous Equipment

During 2003, post provided a digital medical X-ray machine for use by NDLEA at the Lagos International Airport and AFIX tractor (fingerprint machine) for the NPF Special Fraud Unit. The AFIX tractor is scheduled to be moved from the Special Fraud Unit to the Central Registry Unit whose primary duty is to record and store fingerprints and crime statistics. The X-ray machine which became operable in September 2003 is being very well maintained and used on a daily basis by the airport command of the NDLEA in Lagos.

Both generators are in Lagos; one at SFU and the other at INTERPOL. They are in good condition and get low usage due to lack of fuel. The commissioner of police had a shed built over the generator.

The following non-expendable commodities were received by NDLEA in prior years: file cabinets (6); desks (2); leather chairs (2); RICOH fax machines (2); ICOM radio chargers (12); Wang printer (1); ICOM radios (3); Optiquest UPS (3); sharp photocopy machine (1); Sanyo split air conditioners (4); video machines (4); Sharp multi-system TV (1); Panasonic TV (1); Sony handicam (1); Panasonic Camcorder (1); microcassette tape recorders (5); answering machines (2); Panasonic telephones (10); voltage regulators (4); Honda motorcycles (12), itemizers (4).

Impact

NDLEA has consistently made more arrests and seizures since their new equipment has been put in service. They have also assisted with cases out of their normal area of responsibility by providing assistance to the FBI in recovering $200,000 worth of merchandise purchased with stolen credit cards and the recovery of $3,000,000 worth of counterfeit checks. Special Fraud and INTERPOL were actively assisting with advanced fee fraud and counterfeit cases that required surveillance, raids, and obtaining bank records.

LOME

Procedures

No inspections were conducted in 2003.

Status

Post procured radio and office equipment for the Togo police in 2003. The radios will be used in combating child trafficking. The equipment has not been turned over to the Togo authorities pending preparation of acceptable quarters to house the equipment. The new quarters require electrical upgrade and other rehabilitation.

Impact

Combating child trafficking is a significant issue in Togo and an appropriate use for both radio and office equipment. However, post has been reluctant to hand over the equipment until it is assured that equipment will be protected.

LUSAKA

Procedures

The Drug Enforcement Commission (DEC) provided reports on the resources provided. They were very cooperative.

Status

Twenty-four (24) drug identification kits were provided to the Zambian Drug Enforcement Commission in 2000. Fifteen of the kits were delivered to DEC field offices outside Lusaka; and the remainder were used by investigators in the capital. All but one of the kits in Lusaka has been completely used up. The kits in outlying areas have not been used as intensively because officers in those areas typically encountered only cannabis.

Impact

The kits have made an important difference in DEC operations. The kits have made screening in the field more effective, with the result that the central laboratory is no longer burdened with frequent testing of often innocuous substances. As a result of field testing, there is no longer a need to detain suspects for three or four days while investigators wait for the lab results from Lusaka. Investigators are able to spend more time on substantive cases.

NAIROBI

Procedures

The resources were provided to the Anti-Narcotics Unit (ANU). The ANU provides post a report summarizing the location and condition of the equipment. The ANU provides ready access to the equipment upon request. Post will continue to inspect the equipment, as feasible. Many of the computers are being used in various parts of the country.

Status

Miscellaneous Equipment

Cameras (2), microcassette recorders (4), binoculars (2), and video cameras (5) have been disseminated among the ANU posts. Most of the video and audio surveillance equipment donated in 1997 is maintained at ANU headquarters. Some equipment is in use at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), at ANU's post office Intelligence Unit, and at ANU's Mombasa office. All equipment remains in good working condition. The two VHF radios are no longer functioning. They are housed at the ANU headquarters.

Computer Equipment

Nine computers, nine monitors, and nine printers were donated to the ANU of the Kenya police in 2002. A printer, monitor and CPU were destroyed in a fire in April.

Impact

Given the challenges faced by the police in Kenya, these new computers will enable many ANU offices, particularly in more remote parts of the country, to store and share information much easier than in the past. While many of the offices are unable to establish internet connectivity due to poor telecommunications infrastructure, the presence of modern computer equipment will prepare these officers for such a connection when it becomes available.

YAOUNDE

Procedures

The U.S. Government and the Government of Cameroon (GRC) signed a bilateral anti-narcotics agreement in 1992. Post presented three safes and three scales in 1997 to Cameroon's Customs Service. Post monitors the use of the scales and safes through contacts at the Cameroon Civil Aviation Authority (CCAA).

Status

One safe and one scale are currently being used by Cameroonian Customs at each of the country's three international airports: Douala, Yaounde, and Garoua. All equipment is in good working order.

Impact

The host government reported no significant impact from the use of the equipment in 2003. The effective use of the safes and scales provided in 1997 depends on the ability to seize narcotics through baggage searches. Therefore, post has requested training for airport law enforcement officers (Customs, Police, Gendarmerie) in search techniques as a way to maximize the use of the equipment.



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