The INL program assistant verified the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD) inventory report through a variety of methods including on-site inspection of local facilities; review of SENAD's in-house written inventory and inspection of commodities by DEA special agents and country attache. The status of commodities located in the outlying areas was verified by post's review of SENAD's written inventory and through frequent inspections by DEA personnel.
All items were provided to SENAD, SEPRELAD (Paraguay's money laundering investigative unit), and the specialized investigations unit of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in Asuncion. In addition, the Government of Paraguay (GOP) maintains INL-provided commodities in several field locations including Ybyturuzu and Lima (radio equipment), Ciudad del Este, Mariscal Estigarribia, and Pedro Juan Caballero.
Vehicles & Boats
Fourteen vehicles (14) ranging in model years from 1996 to 2001 are currently in use by SENAD for operational and prevention purposes. Also, four motorcycles and two boats with outboard motors and trailers are in use.
INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs ten dogs. INL funding provides veterinary care, food, new dogs, uniforms, and maintenance of the kennels and vehicles used to transport the canines and guides. The canine units are housed at the newly remodeled kennels located at the International Airport, in Pedro Juan Caballero and Ciudad del Este. In 2004, the canines seized 92 kilograms of cocaine and 176 kilograms of marijuana, through interdiction operations in the Chaco and the northern part of the country.
All communications equipment was accounted for and in good condition.
The office and computer equipment are in good to excellent condition, except for the following items which are in fair condition: desk computers (2), refrigerator, filing cabinet, and desk. Two printers are inoperable. New computers were purchased for the SENAD and SEPRELAD this past year, but with INL funds transferred to the Department of the Treasury's Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) funds.
All equipment and material go to support the SENAD, SEPRELAD, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and the Ministry of Women. For SENAD, the communications equipment, vehicles, and canine program are aimed at bolstering the interdiction effort and operational capabilities through the provision of technical equipment, software and training. For the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, the bulk of the assistance is dedicated to helping the IPR unit increase its ability to conduct operations through the purchase of surveillance equipment, vehicles and operational support. For the Ministry of Women, post's support will be used primarily to purchase computer and office equipment to support the development of a Trafficking in Persons (TIP) contact network to provide for training and to construct space needed for a rehabilitation center.
The NAS program staff held regular working meetings with their Government of Colombia (GOC) counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG-provided assets. Among these are the CNP Anti-Narcotics Division (DIRAN), its aviation component (ARAVI) and the Colombian Army (COLAR). These three divisions received the bulk of INL support. Selected GOC inventories were requested and compared with NAS records to very the status of resources.
Each of the individual program officers, in coordination with the NAS Deputy Management Officer, is responsible for end-use monitoring of support funded by their programs. Due to the differences in the size and scope of the various programs, there are a variety of systems in place. Program Managers and Advisers, DOS and DOJ direct hire and US Personal Service Contract (PSC) personnel, provided input for this report reflecting occasional site visits and EUM reports. The NAS Management Section has an audit unit, staffed by six local national personnel that assists program staff in conducting monitoring. This unit reviewed and implemented monitoring procedures, conducted inventories and audits, and oversaw the disposal of surplus materials.
Additionally, the NAS has about 700 American, Colombian, and third-country national contractor personnel employed under contracts with DynCorp, Lockheed-Martin (LM), Aeronautical Radio, Inc. (ARINC), and Olgoonik Logistics, LLC. Many individuals contributed to the EUM process by conducting inventories and providing status reports. As many of these contractors control INL funded assets, their activities are also monitored.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) have databases of all equipment donated to their counterparts agencies, identifying items by brand, model and serial number, etc. and detailing location and condition. Both agencies conducted random unscheduled inventories to ensure that all USG-funded equipment was accounted for and in service for its intended use.
The CNP Eradication and COLAR projects, both managed by the NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) and supported by a contract with DynCorp, were major recipients of INL-funded support. The NAS and INL/A conducted regular program reviews to ensure that aircraft were being used for designated purposes and that the contractor was complying with all contract requirements. The CNP and COLAR provide regular status reports to the NAS. Flight logs of all supported aircraft are randomly reviewed. The USG retains title to all of these aircraft, while the GOC has operational control. The Letter of Agreement (LOA) specifies the purposes for the aircraft. Any other use, such as disaster relief or humanitarian operations, must be approved by the Ambassador or NAS Director.
CNP Eradication-Five USG-owned aircraft were added to the CNP inventory in CY-2004. These included three AT-802 Air Tractor spray aircraft, one OV-10 Bronco spray aircraft, and one C-27 cargo aircraft. The C-27 was transferred to the inventory from the NAS/INL Air Wing Program in Peru.
One aircraft was removed from the CNP eradication inventory this year: an AT-802 aircraft was removed after the aircraft crashed due to unknown cause. The pilot was safely recovered by INL/A Search and Rescue (SAR). An investigation was conducted, but due to the location of the site and condition of the aircraft, a definite cause could not be ascertained.
|Rotary wing||Flt Hours|
|Fixed wing||Flt Hours|
COLAR-Plan Colombia Helicopter Program-Aircraft UH-1N 223 was damaged and removed from the inventory on March 17, 2004. On December 1, 2003, while conducting a two gun-ship screening mission, UN-1N EJC 223 received hostile ground fire and critical aircraft components were damaged. Crewmembers were evacuated (one injured); all equipment was secured; but the aircraft was not repairable.
Aircraft UH-1N II 407 crashed on May 31, 2004, while conducting aerial gunnery training at the Colombian Army Based in Tolemaida. The aircraft was removed from the inventory on August 11, 2004.
7 HUEY II
Changes in aircraft numbers during CY-04 were as follows: the CNP added 1 UH-1H II to the rotary wing fleet through reengineering supported by the NAS. One DC-3 was destroyed when the pilot lost control of the aircraft while landing on March 28, 2004. One DC-3 was added to the fleet in/December 2004.
Air Bridge Denial-The Air Bridge Denial (ABD) program is operated by the Colombian Air Force with USG-provided aircraft and support, It is managed by a NAS PSC and supported through a contract with ARINC. The USG and contractor program managers conducted regular site visits and provided weekly and monthly status reports. In accordance with the LOA, the U.S. citizen contractor personnel flew on every tracking mission and provided after action reports. These reports were reviewed on a weekly basis by the program managers. Two additional Cessna Citations were provided in CY-04. Two Colombian C-26s that were refurbished by the USG did not return to Colombia in CY-04 as projected in the CY-03 EUM report.
CY-04 Citation 560
Jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol (fuel additive for C-26 aircraft) were provided for all NAS-supported aircraft. A PSC Fuel Advisor monitored purchases, deliveries storage, and use of NAS-provided fuels at all bases and airports. NAS procurement agents and voucher examiners reviewed all fuel orders and invoices and found no major discrepancies.
The NAS has a construction unit comprised of three architects, three civil engineers, and a project manager. They managed all phases of NAS-funded construction projects and provided advice to the Government of Colombia (GOC) on maintenance issues. Program staff ensured that facilities were being used for designated purposes during site visits. In 2004, there were over 45 NAS-funded construction projects.
Major improvements were made to the CNP base at San Jose del Guaviare; a taxiway from the main runway to the platform and heliports was constructed; barracks were enlarged and improved; and a back-up generator for the base was installed; along with improvement to the electrical infrastructure.
In Larandia, a water treatment plant was constructed and improvements were made to aircraft hangers. In Bogota, renovations were made to the DIRAN headquarters to house additional personnel and co-locate additional units. Major improvements to technical infrastructure were constructed at the training facility for penal employees in Funza.
In 2004, there were 232 NAS-supported vehicles; 58 were supported by ARAVI through the LM contract. At the present time, an increase in the number of vehicles is not permitted. As vehicles are removed from service, other vehicles may take their place to receive support.
11 Crane Truck
1 Pick-up truck
75 Fork lift
2 Light truck
43 Tank truck
These vehicles are used throughout Colombia, supporting interdiction and eradication and other counternarcotics operations. The NAS employs a vehicle maintenance adviser who monitors all CNP vehicles and maintains a database detailing maintenance perform, fuel requests, etc. USG-provided vehicles facilitated the movement of officials and other personnel, the transfer of materials, surveillance, pursuit of narcoterrorists and illegally armed groups, and arrests and detainment.
Ninety-two (92) INL-funded vehicles were given by DEA to host country counterpart agencies for counternarcotics programs. They are in good condition. They are distributed as follows: Hyundai (1), Chevrolet Corsa (2), Chevrolet Swift (2), Chevrolet taxi (1), Mitsubishi Montero (1), Honda (2), Nissan Sentra (2), Hyundai Accent (2), Hyundai motorcycle (3), Mazda (4), Chevrolet Rodeo (3), Chevrolet Grand Vitara (1), Mitsubishi panel van (3) to HTF Bogota; Hyundai Accent (1), Chevrolet Rodeo (1) to ANTIN Bogota; Chevrolet Corsa (1), Chevrolet taxi (1), Mitsubishi Montero (1), Honda motorcycle (2) to ANTIN Chem SIU; Renault sedan (1), Mitsubishi panel van (1), Honda motorcycles (3) to CTI SIU Bogota; Renault Energy (1), Chevrolet Suzuki Swift (1), Chevrolet Kia Sportage (1) to DAS SIU Cali; Chevrolet Corsa GLS (4) to CNP ANTIN Santa; Volvo sedan (4) to CNP Bogota; Chevrolet Taxi (1), Mitsubishi Panel van (1) to DAS SIU Bogota; Chevrolet Rodeo (3), Toyota Prada (3), Chevrolet Vitara (1),Mitsubishi panel van (3), Yamaha motorcycle (4), Renault Clio Expression (1), Chevrolet Corsa (1) to CNP SIU; Mitsubishi Panel van (1) to DIJIN Cali; Mitsubishi (1), Chevrolet Kia Sportage (1) to DAS SIU Cali; Mitsubishi L300 panel van (1) to DAS Airport; Honda motorcycle (1) to ANTIN Barranquilla; Chevrolet Rodeo (1) to CTI Cali; Chevrolet Rodeo (1) to DIJIN Cali; Hyundai Grace van (2), Ford Ranger (4) to Airport Interdiction; Mitsubishi Panel van (1) to Colombian Navy; Renault symbol (1), Kia Pregio van (1), Yamaha motorcycle (2) to Colombian Navy Intel; Chevrolet Super Carry van (1) to the DAS; Mitsubishi panel van (1) to DIJIN Cali; Honda motorcycles (2) to ANTIN Santa Marta; Honda motorcycle (1) to HTF Pereira.
In 2004, the NAS Interdiction Program received 23 Ford F-450 trucks for donation to the CNP Rural Mobile Police (Carabineros) program. These vehicles are in the process of modification and have not been turned over to the CNP. No maintenance or fuel support will be provided for these vehicles.
The NAS, DEA, and ATF program managers and advisors monitored USG-provided equipment. The NAS Management Section has one computer programmer and two IT specialists who provide assistance to program staff and the GOC counterparts in identifying requirements, designing systems, and providing maintenance and technical support.
All NAS counterpart agencies that received communications equipment provided inventories and status reports as requested. Analysis of the inventories showed no major discrepancies. A NAS PSC Communications Adviser provided support to the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation.
The NAS continues to provide arms and ammunition to the Colombian Forces who maintain controls and inventories of USG-provided weapons. A PSC Weapons Adviser monitors the use and operational status of donated weapons. The NAS staff performs regular inventories to ensure that all weapons are accounted for and provides detailed information on location, type of weapon, and condition.
USG assistance allowed the CNP to train and equip 40 Carabinero Mobile Squadrons and staff 158 municipality police stations, approximately 16,000 police in all, for assignment in rural Colombia where no security presence existed prior to August 2002. This program continues to support President Uribe's key strategic goal of the establishment of public security throughout Colombia.
The impact of USG air support in Colombia cannot be overstated. Given the size and geographic diversity of Colombia, air support is essential to counternarcotics efforts in Colombia. In 2004, the Aerial Eradication Program sprayed a record 136,551 hectares of coca and 3,064 hectares of opium poppy. USG support to the counternarcotics efforts of the Colombian Army, particularly the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program is essential. In addition to funding and equipment purchases, USG support also included Plan Colombia Helicopter Program training and institution building objectives. Specifically, the Colombian Army Helicopter Battalion and Aviation Brigade have adopted several programs to enhance their capabilities. Among them are the publishing of Flight Regulations that mirror the US Army's 95-1; conducting operations under the DOS/INL Operational Directives; and using the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program standardization program for all airframes to include FMS UH60's, M17s, and Fixed Wing Battalion. Furthermore, without USG-provided support, the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program would not have been able to support the counternarcotics brigade and other vetted units, thereby reducing the effectiveness of both the COLMIL counternarcotics efforts and the CNP/INL eradication task force. Lastly, it is important to recognize the integral part that the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program has played in meeting this year's illicit crop eradication goal of 120,000 hectares of coca.
ARAVI aircraft and crews played a significant role in providing support for spray operations. T-65 operations were wholly supported by ARAVI gun ships and Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters, while all other spray operations, i.e., AT-802 and OV-10, have CNP copilots and gunners. CNP "Halcon" gun ships provided additional cover and were instrumental in rescuing the crew from an eradication helicopter shot down in December. ARAVI participated in numerous interdiction operations and was the principal means by which approximately 5,677 Carbinero troops were inserted into remote areas of the country. Although the USG-provided assets are normally intended for counternarcotics operations, ARAVI provides aerial intelligence platforms and supports all other police units on a "when available' basis, subject to embassy approval. ARAVI helicopters transported 118,366 Kg's of cargo and 23,116 passengers, while the airplanes transported 1,451,102 Kg's of cargo and 41,244 passengers.
NAS provided secure aircraft radios and a new computerized aircraft tracking system to ARAVI. This system allows secure communications between all aircraft as well as automatic flight tracking that provides location, speed, and altitude. It also provides alternate communication sin case of emergency.
USG support ensured that vehicles were available for operational needs. They facilitated the movement of personnel and supplies, surveillance and arrests, and increased response tines to those in need. The effectiveness of the CNP would have been greatly diminished without this support.
In 1993, the NAS could not perform a one hundred percent audit of all equipment and other assets provided to the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program for counternarcotics activities because of the sheer magnitude of the undertaking. In 2004, the NAS instituted stringent property accountability procedures that included an annual 100% inventory.
Unregulated power fluctuations have continued to damage computer equipment; programs are providing UPS systems and making infrastructure upgrades as necessary.
Police operator training/turnover has caused operational problems in the water treatment plant in San Jose del Guaviare. Personnel turnover has also been a factor in the ability of satellite imagery laboratory to provide multitemporal image analysis and other satellite imagery laboratory products. This problem is being addressed with training agreements to limit transfer of critically trained personnel.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the Federal Police and its Drug Enforcement Division (DPF/DRE) to allow close monitoring of donated materiel. DPF/DRE maintains detailed and up-to-date inventories of all assets donated by the USG and submits monthly reports of accounts, including receipts, to the NAS. The NAS and other USG personnel conducted on-site inspections to spot check the location, condition, and use of the commodities during 2004.
The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. It is currently in the water at Praca 15 de Novembro (Rio de Janeiro's city port). It is functioning and being used in normal operations. The DPF installed GPS/VHS equipment, as well as a depth finder and a police siren. It is used exclusively in harbor patrol crime prevention activities.
According to NAS and DPF/DRE records, there are currently twelve donated Boston Whalers in Brazil, dating from 1991. They are assigned to Belem (4), Manaus (4), Tabatinga (1), Porto Velho (1), Guajara-Mirim (1), and Foz de Iguacu, Parana (1). In 2004, ten of the Boston Whalers were inspected by NAS personnel. The Boston Whaler in Foz do Iguacu was inspected by the NAS in October 2004 and found to be in good working condition. Lack of manpower limits the use of the vessel by the Federal Police.
The three Boston Whalers in Belem are located at the Riverine base of operations in Ananindeua in the Corucamba area, on a branch of the Maguary River. All of the Boston Whalers need repair work on the hulls and outboard motors. The trailers were functioning. Orders for replacement motors have been placed for some of the Boston Whalers. In Manaus (4), Tabatinga (1), Porto Velho (1) and Guajara-Mirim (1), the boat motors are problematic and require a great deal of upkeep and maintenance. The issue should be resolved upon receipt of the new motors. The DPF has also expressed interest in having radar, depth finders, and GPS for the Boston Whalers. The floating dock in Manaus is fully operational.
During an inspection in December 2004, three dogs were seen using the same pen. During the year, the NAS sponsored renovation of pen grates and doors in a small breeding area of the kennel. The NAS plans to enlarge the kennel during 2005 so that dogs are separated in individual pens and the kennel is appropriately maintained. Plans for the training of explosive sniffing dogs is underway.
In 2002, basic computer equipment, including monitors, CPU's, printers, webcams, keyboards, speakers, and UPS, were provided by the NAS through SENAD for use by the 26 Brazilian State Drug Councils (CONENS) as well as a connecting unit for SENAD and the CONEN of the Federal District. In 2004, the NAS staff visited 11 CONENS. All of the equipment was observed in use and functioning, creating an "Antidrug Informational Network" connecting the state Drug Councils with SENAD in Brasilia.
On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counternarcotics operations. Other donated equipment, including transformers, and bulletproof vests, are also used regularly. Most of the equipment is held in Brasilia and shipped around Brazil as needed for operations. Careful computerized inventory control of this equipment is maintained as it is checked in and out.
In 2003, the NAS provided basic law enforcement equipment to the civil police forces of nine Brazilian States in the Amazon Section through the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat (SENASP). The equipment includes computer equipment, narcotics kits, flashlights, first aid kits, CPR masks, life vests, night vision goggles, handcuffs, gun cabinets, bolt cutters and bullet proof vests. During 2004, NAS personnel visited four of the states (Adcre, Amazonas, Rondonia, Para) and certified that the equipment was in order and being used regularly.
The sheer size of Brazil (larger than the continental U.S.) and its difficult physical, climactic and infrastructure conditions present a unique challenge to Federal Police. This same size makes EUM of donated equipment difficult, time-consuming and expensive. The NAS is composed of one U.S. officer and two Brazilian employees. Through careful use of limited travel funds, and liaison with other U.S. agencies, as well as assistance from the three U.S. consulates in Brazil, the NAS was able to check a sizable representative sample of equipment in a wide variety of places in the country. The DPF/ DRE in Brasilia is trying to maximize the use of this equipment through a centralized inventory and warehouse operation which sends equipment where and when needed and brings it back to the central headquarters in Brasilia. NAS Brazil, in conjunction with the Federal Police, will begin using a barcode system for all of the above-mentioned items in the EUM report. This will make it easier for both entities to maintain a more accurate inventory.
The NAS will continue to work closely with DPF/DRE officials, SENASP, and SENAD to identify those problems and operations most likely to give the best results. The dialog with GOB officials has been open. Any disagreements over resource allocation are resolved on case-by-case basis. Overall, program accountability remains acceptable nationality and very good in Brasilia.
The amount of funding and assistance given to the Federal Police accounts for a considerable percentage of their entire national anti-narcotics enforcement budget. This assistance is vital to the anti-narcotics interdiction efforts in Brazil.
Embassy DEA officials take advantage of periodic visits to the provinces and to Buenos Aires-based agencies to assess appropriate use of INL-funded equipment. Post's INL narcotics coordinator does not have PD&S funding and as such is unable to fund on-site inspections or periodic spot checks to verify End Use Monitoring. Argentine law enforcement officials provide post with periodic updates on equipment when requested to do so. In addition, receiving agencies provide a status report on the equipment, although compliance has been sporadic at best. This system of overlapping verification methods is the best possible end use appraisal system available.
The majority of equipment is located in the northern provinces of Salta and Jujuy, with some computer and communications equipment located with the successor unit for a defunct airport task force in Buenos Aires. All indications are that all provided equipment is being used for the intended purposes. No single case of inappropriate or unauthorized use was reported in 2004. In general, the equipment provided through INL funding continues to be used but with problems coming from advancing age and hard use.
The two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) are healthy and are being properly cared for by their handlers. The original two have been joined by six more who were either purchased or bred locally. The total force of eight dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals. The dogs and their trainers would benefit from USG-provided training.
Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them.
Radio transmitters provided to counterdrug task forces in Salta and Jujuy provinces require routine maintenance and repair. A repeater radio antenna in Mendoza Province had to be moved to improve reception. Post repaired numerous hand-held radios provided to the federal and provincial police throughout Argentina because of wear and tear resulting from routine use under harsh operational and climactic conditions. All other communications equipment is accounted for and functional.
Post provided 20 vehicles to the Argentine Provincial Police Forces in the 1988-93 period. The vehicles are almost all out-of-service due to their age and hard use in rough conditions. Vehicles provided more recently (1993-1997) require fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes. Eleven undercover vehicles were procured in 2004 for various law enforcement agencies.
A lack of PD&S resources limits the INL narcotics coordinator's effectiveness in managing post's INL account. With the signing of the LOA and the increased focus of the GOA on narcotics related issues, the INL program at post has an opportunity to greatly improve the GOA's ability to combat drug trafficking. The INL narcotics coordinator has requested PD&S funding to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of provided equipment to consolidate the listing of equipment needing to be monitored, and to re-employ an employee hired to conduct the End Use Monitoring program.
While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it continues to have a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded provincial police anti-drug units. The undercover vehicles procured for various law enforcement agencies in late 2004 will greatly increase the operational effectiveness of GOA law enforcement. The equipment donated to the NBTF in Salta and Jujuy Province in 1998-2002 continues to be put to excellent use. In 2004, the NBTF was involved in the seizure of 691 kilograms of cocaine, and 59,910 kilograms of precursor chemicals. In addition, 139 traffickers were arrested by the task force.
Overall, the growing program gives post a valuable tool with which to pursue its joint counter-narcotics agenda with the GOA. The GOA is very focused on its security and narcotics problems and has turned to post for advice and assistance in creating a national security plan. In the coming years, the INL program will be essential to the GOA's efforts both to combat its growing narcotics trafficking problem and establish better control over its border areas.
The NAS received comprehensive reports from the National Anti-Drug Commission (CONUID). These reports, together with discussions on their content, provided detailed information on counternarcotics activities during 2004. The NAS held frequent meetings with CONUID and various Port Security Program entities (Port Authorities, Airport Directors, National Guard Commanders, etc) to discuss and evaluate ongoing narcotics control activities. The NAS and other embassy personnel performed spot checks and on-site inspections of donated equipment at the Prosecutor's Drug Task Force (PDTF), the Port Security Project, CONUID, and the National Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF). The host government cooperated fully and allowed the NAS to effectively monitor donated resources.
In 1998, the NAS provided six (6) dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force Lackland AFB canine program personnel. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies to provide a source for drug detection dogs. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in Barquisimeto. The NAS and USCG sponsored the TDY assignment of a dog handler to assess and support the canine unit. During 2002, the USCS Canine Center donated two new dogs to the unit. At the same time, the NAS entered into a contract with a local veterinarian to improve the health and nutrition of the neglected animals. The state of health of the dogs quickly improved greatly, although the National Guard has not effectively employed the animals primary function of drug detection.
During 2001-2002, the NAS provided the PDTF with 29 automobiles and two motorcycles. Fourteen vehicles (two sport utility vehicles, two vans, and three taxis) were provided to the unit in December 2004. The Ford Festiva sedan, assigned to the CONICUID coordination office is in poor condition.
A Ford Festiva sedan, donated to the National Commission Against the Illicit Use of Drugs (CONACUID) is in good condition. This vehicle is assigned to the CONACUID program coordination office.
One of the three Toyota FJ80 Land Cruisers assigned to the Port Security Project was stolen at gunpoint from one of the U.S. DHS/CBP advisors. The remaining Land Cruisers are in good condition. A Jeep Cherokee replaced the stolen FJ80.
Four of the six Boston Whalers donated by NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 remain operational. They are based in Puerto Ayacucho in the South of Venezuela. The vessels are fully engaged in a Riverine patrol program. A major goal of the program is to interdict narcotics and chemical precursor smuggling on the Orinoco River.
Relations between the Embassy and the Venezuelan Navy are good. USMILGP access to the Venezuelan military bases is an essential tool in conducting 506 (a)(2) EUM. Such access is being increasingly restricted under the current administration.
In 2003, the NAS provided seven computers to UNIF in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to support its expansion of personnel from 20 to 60. This was part of a tri-lateral cooperation wherein the British Embassy, UNIF, and the NAS each provided seven computers. In 2002, the NAS provided five computer workstations, five printers, a video projector, two laptops, two Iomega zip drives, and software to upgrade the UNIF. The equipment upgraded the previously existing LAN, which is used to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to that required in the United States. Relations between the Embassy and SUDEBAN are excellent.
Two computers with printers donated to the National Guard command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations. Relations between the regional command and the Embassy are good.
The mini computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States. Relations between the Embassy and the Public Prosecutor's Office are excellent.
The eight computers and four laptops provided to the PDTF in 2001 continue to be operational and in use by the unit.
The National Guard Anti-Drug Command continues to use a NAS-donated computer LAN installed in 1999 as a database and an up-to-date link to other military commands. Two computers and printers were donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999. One is used in the Regional Command Office and the other is with the canine unit. The one in the canine unit has outlived its useful life. It will be replaced in 2005. Relations between DEA and the National Guard Command in Caracas have deteriorated since installation of new leadership in August 2004.
A computer provided to the Export Processing Office in 2002 permitted the automation of records for the first time. It remains in constant use.
The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the Central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is overdue for maintenance and repair.
The NAS funded the maintenance and repair of mass spectrometers and other scientific equipment donated to the PTHJ toxicology Laboratory in previous years that was in need of repair. The NAS and DEA maintain excellent relations with the PTJ toxicology laboratory.
In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 502 (A) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items. However, access to these commodities was restricted in 2004 under the Chavez Administration.
Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters named the Albatross and Pelican are stationed in the Eastern part of Venezuela. They are located at the Punta Fijo naval base on Venezuela's western Caribbean coast. They are in good operating condition. The starboard engine on the Pelican was replaced in 2002. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the east coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. Both are in excellent condition and have greatly increased the Venezuelan Navy's capability to operate effectively within the important 25-mile offshore coastal waters of Venezuela. Both ships were inspected by MILGP officers in 2002.
Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft named Margarita is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River. It was inspected by MILGP officers in 2002. It is in good operating condition. It was not monitored in 2004.
Riverine Patrol Boats- Six Riverine patrol boats are alleged to be in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located on the Orinoco River at the Colombian border and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precursors. The boats' outboard Yamaha 75-hp engines vary in condition from good to fair. These boats were inspected by a USMILGP officer in March 2002.
Radios-Seventy PRC-77 radios sets have been transferred to the military communications authority. This equipment is to be used along the border. The radios are in excellent condition.
The NAS continues to provide support to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) in conjunction with the Latin America JICC/Guardian program coordinated by DEA with the interagency El Paso Intelligence Center. No new equipment was provided in 2004. The Oracle database software is being used in conjunction with a new version of the Guardian software developed by DEA. CONACUID uses the Center to coordinate drug intelligence, and collect information on all types of drug-related crime. A photocopier, one of two servers, ten computer workstations and related equipment are in good condition. However, an additional server no longer functions and is in need of repair or replacement. CONACUID uses the JICC to coordinate drug intelligence, collecting information on all types of drug-related cases.
A CONACUID LAN is being installed. The wiring of the building will be ready by the end of March 2005. ADP equipment to be installed thereafter includes seventy-seven Pentiums, four computers, seven servers and switches to distribute LAN access to all the workstations. Cooperation among CONACUID and DEA, NAS and DHS is excellent.
The majority of the radio communications equipment provided to the CONACUID is in good condition and located in the new CONACUID office building in Caracas. The equipment is used for general office functions and for security of the CONACUID headquarters building. Cooperation between CONACUID and the Embassy is excellent.
In 2000, the Public Prosecutor's Office received a photocopier. In 1998, the NAS provided two contraband inspection kits to the National Guard detachments in Puerto Cabello and San Antonio de Tachira, the major land entry point from Colombia. The equipment is being used for drug interdiction programs. Ninety NAS-procured hand-held metal detectors were donated in 1996 for prisoner searches in the thirty-two Venezuelan prisons. Most have reached the end of their useful lives. The PTJ continues to use audio-visual equipment, camcorders, typewriters, fax machines, cameras and lenses. This equipment is in fair condition.
The wide-screen television and VCR provided to CONACUID have ceased to function.
Four X-ray machines for luggage inspection and two ion scan machines were donated to the airport in Maiquetia in 2003. The National Guard reports to the Airport Security Office that handles the statistics and keeps post informed of their seizures. An X-ray machine for luggage inspection was donated to the airport of Valencia in 2003. DHS/CBP advisors are in constant contact with Airport authorities. Relations between NAS/DHS and the airport are good.
USMILGP access to Venezuelan military bases is an essential tool in conducting 506(a)(2) EUM. Unfortunately, such access has been severely restricted under the current administration. USMILGP is required to obtain authorization from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defense before access to military facilities can be granted. Under the circumstances, USMILGP no longer can fulfill a reliable role in EUM. In 2005, the NAS and/or other entities will need to fill this vacuum, if feasible, and acceptable to the GOV.
NAS-provided equipment and training have been fundamental to the enhancement of Venezuela's drug interdiction capabilities, particularly in the Port Security and Prosecutors' Drug Task Force projects. Notwithstanding the political chaos and economic problems of 2004, Venezuela continued to conduct a broad spectrum of narcotics control operations. Cocaine seizures rose from under 18 metric tons in 2002 to more than 19 tons in 2003 to more than 19 metric tons during the first six months of 2004. Heroin seizures remained at about half-a-ton in 2004, marking Venezuela's fifth consecutive year leading the continent in this category.
Post monitors equipment supplied through contacts by post RSO and MLO with the Guyana Defense Force (GDF), the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), and the Guyana Police Force (GPF) as well as through limited inspection by Embassy personnel.
All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.
The Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) continues to use the mobile communication system provided in 1988 on patrols at the Timehri airport, although three of the original 12 radio units have been lost. One of the two base-stations radios is serviceable and in use; the second is unserviceable. Two multi-radio chargers are both serviceable and in use. Six single radio chargers are serviceable and in use; six are unserviceable.
The four 44-foot patrol boats were used by the GDF Coast Guard to conduct patrols of Guyana's maritime territory. MLO continues to support the maintenance and the purchase of spare replacement parts as needed through FMF financing.
The computer equipment purchased in CY-03 is being used by the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU). The equipment consists of the following: two rack-mounted UPS', one rack-mounted network switch, one rack-mounted router, four HP XW4100 workstations with UPS, two network racks, two patch panes, ten network cables, two HP Laserjet 2300N printers, one HP 5550 printer, one Proliant DL380 server, one HP D330 slim tower workstation, one HP Scanjet 550C scanner, one HP Scanjet 8250 scanner, one VS80E Surestore tape drive, one photocopier, and one fax machine.
The JICC and its four Acer Acros 486SX computers, the installed Oracle Software, and the fax machine are functional, but not in active use due to the inactivity of the JICC.
Twenty-four bulletproof vests were supplied to CANU in 1998. They are used at the airport and on patrols and operations at the Georgetown port. Life jackets, narco test kits (12), lamps, night vision binoculars (6), and an answering machine provided in 1997 are used by the CANU. Six handcuffs are serviceable and in use; six are unserviceable or lost. Six bulletproof vests are serviceable and in use but are effective only against .32 ammunition or below.
The video camera and compact recorder provided to the GPF in 1997 are still in use. The fax and copier machine supplied to the GDF are both serviceable and in use.
The Government of Guyana (GOG) cooperated with post on monitoring efforts, although institutional inefficiencies sometimes made reporting overly complicated. Monitoring efforts were also constrained by post's staffing limitations. Post's lone political officer handles INL issues; there is only one RSO at post.
The vessels continue to provide the bulk of the GOG's maritime capabilities. They are actively patrolling the country's maritime territory. In 2004, the vessels made further seizures of fishing boats operating illegally in Guyana's territory. The vessels' limited speed restricts their use in narcotics interdiction. Of the other agencies, CANU and FIU have made effective use of the equipment supplied.
During 2004, under the general supervision of the NAS Director, the NAS Management Officer, other members of the NAS staff, and officials of other agencies such as DEA, MILGRP and USCG conducted reviews to account for and to verify the condition of equipment and property provided to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counternarcotics program. The NAS Management Officer has primary responsibility for End Use Monitoring, under the general supervision of the NAS Director. NAS Project Officers, NAS Regional Director in Santa Cruz, NAS audit staff, and officials of other agencies (including DEA, USMILGP and USAID) assist the NAS Management Officer in its preparation. The Logistics Section of the Bolivian CN police (FELCN) is the most developed GOB logistics entity and assists in End-Use Monitoring of interdiction programs.
US direct hire program officers require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. NAS staff members and officials of other agencies and offices, principally DEA, USMILGP, USAID and INL Airwing conduct regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of equipment and property provided by the USG to the USG-GOB counternarcotics program. NAS Project Officers, Regional Directors, and the Management Officer conduct regular, announced and unannounced field visits to all projects and maintain frequent contact with project personnel. NAS Budget and Audit staffs conduct spot inspections of property records, impress funds record keeping, and vehicle/fuel usage reports. Fuel consumption reports countrywide are consolidated and reviewed by the NAS/Bolivia Audit Section on a monthly basis.
An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted during January through March 2004.
The NAS operates eleven warehouses: four in La Paz, one Cochabamba, three in the Chimore/Villa Tunari area, two in Santa Cruz, and one in Trinidad. Additionally, there are three GOB warehouses: one at headquarters of the Green Devils Task Force (GDTF), one at the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF) in Santa Cruz, and one at the Black Devils Task Force (BLKDTF) in La Paz.
Project officers, Regional Directors, and the NAS Administrative Officer and Logistics Supervisor conduct spot checks during periodic visits to the field. The NAS two-person audit staff performs spot checks and undertakes special reviews or audits to help ensure proper use and care of equipment and materials. Each auditor reports directly and independently to the NAS Deputy Director. The Property Control Officer receives all incoming property other than that procured locally by the NAS regional offices; prepares receiving and inspection reports; affixes barcodes (when required); and enters control information into the NEPA system. When property is delivered to the respective regional offices, additional documentation, along with a computer file, is created. Each month, the NAS Management Officer prepares a countrywide reconciliation report. Copies are maintained in the La Paz office.
Most NAS-supported aviation assets are operated by the Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF). They are supervised by three PSC's. The RDTF inventory consists of 15 UH-1H helicopters (USG owned), and three Cessna 206's. The B-55 Beech Baron crashed in September 2004. Two Cessna 210's were returned to FAB control on December 31, 2004. All are based in Santa Cruz with permanent Forward Operating Bases (FOB's) in Trinidad and Chimore. A U.S. contractor, DynCorp, has maintenance and training responsibilities for the helicopter fleet. Only the NAS Director or Deputy Director can authorize non-routine missions.
The NAS-supported Black Devil Task Force (BLKDTF) flies three C-130's (titled to the GOB) under the supervision of a U.S. citizen PSC Aviation Advisor. The BLKDTF consists of 11 FAB pilots, co-pilots, and navigators, and 68 enlisted maintenance personnel. The C-130Bs fly in-country missions to support DEA and UMOPAR counternarcotics operations, as well as in-country logistics, and overseas cargo missions in support of all NAS-funded projects.
The C-130B program is also supported by three Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics who provide quality assurance and supervision for FAB mechanics. The NAS also employs a fourth TCN to provide logistics support and manage C-130 warehouse operations, thus guaranteeing accountability for C-130B parts and equipment.
The US PSC Aviation Advisor, the NAS Director, and Deputy Director approve all routine and operational missions and expenditures for the BLKDTF operational missions and expenditures for the BLKDTF project.
All NAS-related air missions are approved by the USG personnel. The status of all NAS-supported aviation assets is reported to the NAS Director or Deputy Director. NAS contract personnel and RDTF personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight.
Defense articles were procured up to FY 1995 with FMFP funds. Due to lack of available funds from this source, the NAS, with MILGP assistance, has taken full advantage of the FY-98 506A drawdown program for those items not otherwise available or that are restricted from purchase with INL funds. Under this program, the NAS received ammunition and explosives valued at $1,106,000 for the Special Force for the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (FELCN). FELCN currently has 1,017 M-16's, 636 Berettas, and 767 other firearms in its inventory donated by USMILGP. FELCN maintains a computerized inventory of these weapons at its Ingfavi weapons facility, which is manned by U.S. trained personnel and monitored by USMILGP and the NAS.
Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion- The Green Devils Task Force (GDTF) operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to support NAS-funded activities by transporting fuel, cargo and personnel anywhere in Bolivia via ground. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operation of heavy US military vehicles. Currently, there are 130 vehicles in the GDTF of which 125 are military vehicles acquired through the FMF program managed by the USMILGP. The GDTF manages all of these military vehicles. The GDTF vehicle fleet consists of 66 two and a half-ton trucks; 27 HMMWV'S, 8 five-ton dump trucks; 3 five-ton tractors, two 5-ton wreckers, 2 forty-ton tractors, 2 contact trucks, 3 International Harvester fuel trucks, 2 fuel tankers (5,000 gallon), 2 12-ton semi-trailers, 1(40-ton) semi-trailer low-bed, 4 water trailers, 1 Hyster fork lift, 2 Petty Bone fork lifts (6,000 lbs), and 5 NAS project vehicles. The GDTF is staffed by 159 Bolivian Army personnel commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. Operational readiness in 2004 was 98%.
The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 170-man Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into six task groups, a headquarters, and a Riverine Training School in Trinidad. The BDTF task force groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija, and Puerto Villaroel. The BDTF has four Mother ships (a fifth Mother ship in poor condition has been retired since 2003), 33 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 47 Zodiacs (of which 29 are currently operable, due to age). These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via FMF funding or (in the case of the mother ships) constructed with INL funding. During 2003-2004, the NAS supported the construction of a replacement fifth mothership, whose completion is expected in March 2005. During the year, the NAS continued the gradual replacement of the aging Zodiacs.
The NAS maintains more than 1,200 program vehicles, of which 277 are over 10 years old and 20 are undergoing repairs. No new vehicles have been donated since 79 were delivered in September 2003. A limited new vehicle purchase of 136 vehicles--well below the program need--is expected in fall 2005. The NAS Regional Director in Santa Cruz and the NAS maintenance personnel in the Chapare conduct unannounced checks of vehicles two to three months after change of pilferable items (e.g., batteries, voltage regulators, etc) to ensure they were not removed from the vehicles by project personnel and replaced with older items.
NAS communications equipment includes repeaters, base stations, mobile radios, and hand-held radios. This equipment was provided to all the FELCN, UMOPAR, Intelligence units, AIROPS, Riverine as well as NAS regional offices. The NAS has supplied 1,726 sets of communications equipment, including repeaters, base stations, mobile radios, and hand-held radios to Bolivian counternarcotics projects as follows:
|La Paz||399 sets|
|Santa Cruz||286 sets|
|Chimore and Cochabamba||679 sets|
Another 230 hand-held UHF equipment sets and 10 base UHF stations do not appear in the NAS inventory, since they were purchased with DEA funds. NAS maintains a comprehensive inventory under the NEPA system that identifies location and personnel accountable in each organization. All equipment maintenance is performed by NAS technicians, normally in the NAS repair facility in La Paz. Frequent field visits are made to verify the condition and proper use of the equipment as well as to perform preventive maintenance. As of November 2004, ninety-five percent of the equipment was in service. The remainder is undergoing repair.
During February-May 2004, the NAS conducted a physical inventory of randomly selected communication/technical equipment and vehicles issued to the Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU). The physical inventory determined that all equipment selected for inspection was accounted for and was determined to be in serviceable condition.
In 2004, the NAS provided 985 computers and five computer servers to GOB agencies participating in NAS-funded activities. Part of this equipment was dedicated to the creation of a Wide Area Network (WAN), to the GIOE's intelligence network, and to the Inspector Tacking System used by the Prosecutor's Program. The NAS WAN is being established in cities across the country where NAS counternarcotics support programs exist. This WAN provides additional management control since all procurement and supply requests are being submitted electronically for approval by the American Project Manager and are entered into a permanent database.
The NAS currently maintains 1,954 pieces of computer equipment and 13 servers at its offices and project sites.
Uniforms and Field Gear
The NAS issues uniforms and equipment to JTF, FELCN, UMOPAR and all NAS-supported projects on a regular basis. In 2004, the NAS procured 20,000 sets of BDU's, boots, hats, and such field gear as web belts, field packs, hammocks, tents, and entrenching tools (valued in total at more than $4.7 million) in support of 1,600 FELCN police officers and 2,000 military personnel assigned to various counternarcotics projects. The NAS donated over 19,000 uniforms to regular police units (valued at approximately $1 million).
During 2004, the NAS delivered four explosives detector dogs to the FELCN Canine program. The NAS continued to supply dog food, veterinary supplies, specialist training equipment, travel and per diem expenses, and facilities maintenance. Post expects future purchases of dogs to be rare or nonexistent as the program has developed sufficient breeding and training capacity to maintain its current size. The program supports 91 guide dogs teams assigned to various FELCN posts which is half the ideal number, but near the maximum that can be sustained with the current program support and DEA/FELCN operational priorities.
In 2004, the NAS was engaged in various building projects that improved the physical and technological infrastructure available to support NAS-funded activities. The 22 building projects completed during 2004 included the following: GDTF Motor Repairs shops; C-130 apron expansion; C-130 drainage systems; GIOE house at Riberalta base; GIOE house at Trinidad base; BDTF dormitories and offices at Guayaramerin base; BDTF dormitories and offices at Riberalta base; Guayaramerin police post; RDTF commander house; NAS warehouse and computer laboratory in La Paz; motor pool Chimore dormitories; NAS El Alto compound exterior areas; bathrooms for BDTF at Guayaramerin base; DARE repairs; K-9 villa Fatima repairs; Jubileo Hidraulic Studies Foundation; perimeter wall at BDTF Guayarmerin base; Ivirgarzama sport field; First phase Garras School expansion; OPR House in Chimore; NAS Cochabamba Office remodel; and land leveling green areas and dust migration for C-130 Apron.
Construction engineers/architects, working under NAS supervision, advise, design and provide oversight during the design and construction phase of construction projects. In addition, program managers and regional NAS office directors routinely monitor all phases of construction.
The NAS Construction Section has the following equipment: 10 concrete mixers; 10 concrete vibrator machines; 4 manual compacting machines; 1 roll compacting machine; 2 scales; 1 topographical equipment; 48 wheel barrows; 53 shovels; 45 picks.
Misuse of Vehicles
Personal use of vehicles by GOB officials and careless operation continue to be a problem, but serious accidents and misuse have declined significantly. This is largely due to increased investigations and disciplinary sanctions by the police internal affairs investigators of the NAS-supported FELCN Office of Professional Responsibility. The NAS assists FELCN by supporting continued training on proper operation of vehicles, as well as by holding program participants accountable. The NAS Regional Director and other NAS staff also continue unannounced checks of recently maintained vehicles to look for auto parts theft.
A multi-year fuel contract was awarded in 2003 that has alleviated the fuel distribution problems cited in the past. Frequent audits and an evolving fuel monitoring system have also contributed to improvements in the accountability of the use of all types of fuel. Use of inaccurate pump meters and manual methods account for most of the discrepancies in the fuel distribution program. The NAS continues to install new pumps at selected programs to improve accountability and increase safety.
Accountability and safeguarding of weapons is a continuing concern, but FELCN and Bolivian Army commanders have shown increased commitment and progress in this area. The USMILGP continues to work with the Bolivian Army to achieve 100% serial number inventory, and with the Bolivian Army Ninth Division to safeguard sensitive items. For police counternarcotics interdiction programs, increased vigilance by NAS-support police internal affairs investigators has helped markedly reduce the numbers of losses and/or thefts of weapons reported.
It remains difficult to track defense articles received through the 506 drawdown program. For NAS and DEA-issued property, the FELCN's record keeping system and procedures are not sophisticated enough to consistently track property from unit to unit and through special operations FELCN improved performance in weapons accountability in 2004. Troops only check, fix and account for those items that they know their commander is interested in. Weapons need to be at the top of that list. USMILGP has an ongoing inspection program that cross checks FELCN weapons and ammunition based on changing roles and missions. The NAS continues to support FELCN logistics by keeping parallel records and extensive warehouse facilities.
Due to expected funding reductions and the need to conserve resources for critical areas such as vehicles, training and infrastructure, the NAS and DEA worked closely with the FELCN to achieve an 11 percent reduction in police program personnel at the end of 2004. Thanks to these selective cutbacks, post expects to be able to equip and support the remaining 1,648 police agents and continue to improve operational results. The BDTF underwent a deeper cut, reducing its personnel from 195 to 170, retaining a modest capacity to operate in and around the critical Yungas region in the future. During 2005, provisional BDTF presence will also be established in Guanay and Rurrenabaque; the BDTF will work jointly with the UMOPAR. DEA, NAS and the FELCN command will evaluate operational results from these provisional bases.
During 2004, the NAS changed the configuration of perimeter security support to the Joint Eradication Task Force (JTF), substituting a police element as an integral part of the JTF for the Ninth Division of the Bolivian Army. This change ended NAS support for the Ninth Division, reducing food contract support costs for the JTF by approximately $1 million.
A highly effective program of forced eradication program in the Chapare, Bolivia's principal coca-growing region, is the hallmark of the GOB's counternarcotics strategy. The GOB is still developing an effective strategy for controlling coca cultivation in the Yungas. The GOB reported that 8,438 hectares of coca were eradicated in the Chapare in 2004. Despite this success, the potential cocaine production from Bolivian cultivation (assuming that all coca, including legal coca, is used) is estimated to be about 65 MT.
In 2004, the GOB seized 383 MT of coca leaf, 8,7 MT of cocaine, and 28.2 MT of cannabis. The FELCN Chemical Unit seized 678,786 liters of liquid precursor chemicals (acetone, diesel, ether, etc.) and 1,672,741 kgs of solid precursor chemicals (sulfuric acid, bicarbonate of soda, etc). FELCN also destroyed 2,254 cocaine labs and made 4,138 arrests.
The NAS Logistics Section is charged with customs clearances; shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks and drafting the annual EUM report.
The logistics database contains detailed information on commodities and EUM inspection visits. It can be sorted by location to facilitate EUM spot-checks. NAS Logistics manages warehouse facilities in Pucallpa and at the Lima airport and has extensive security controls in place in these locations. NAS Logistics also assists the Military Assistance Group (MAAG) in conducting EUM inspections and tracking DOD-donated items.
The NAS staff performs regular and ad hoc EUM inspections throughout the year. Participants include project advisors and directors of all NAS programs. Aviation assets are inspected by 12 PSC's. A U.S. Coast Guard PASA shares responsibility for EUM of Riverine assets with the Logistics Section. Two eradication and alternative development advisors and a program specialist monitor commodities and assets donated to CORAH (Coca Reduction Project) and its subdivision, CADA (Coca Measurement Corps). The Institute of Tropical Crops is a non-governmental organization dedicated to improving crops that can be substituted for coca. This project is monitored by the NAS Eradication Advisor. INL's Regional communications Adviser conducts spot checks during the year to verify the condition and location of communications equipment. MAAG personnel visit military installations to perform spot checks on Defense Articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and Drug Police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP).
During 2004, NAS Logistics visited 63 counterpart sites in 16 different cities and conducted inspections of 3,406 donated items out of a total of 5,368 items subject to inspection. The NAS visited all sites containing large concentrations of equipment and targeted any site where discrepancies had been noted in the past. Inspection results were compared to existing NAS inventories to produce a computerized list of discrepancies. These discrepancies were reported to the appropriate NAS Program Adviser and counterparts.
Throughout the year, logistics also tasked Peruvian counterparts to submit up-to-date inventories, including location and condition information for all donated commodities.
The Embassy's administrative section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project (NAS) personal property maintained on the Embassy's NEPA system. A NAS administrative assistant oversees non-project, non-expendable personal property. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of NAS personal property at Forward Operating Bases and locations. During 2004, property book inventories of NAS program materials consisting of 5,247 items (out of 6670) were completed in Pucallpa, Iquitos, and Lima.
All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counternarcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting EUM inspections of counterpart sites, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials. In addition, the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.
The NAS Logistics maintains an inventory of about 655 vehicles nationwide, supporting fully or in part 192 motorcycles, and 385 project vehicles, and 77 program vehicles. The vast majority of the vehicles are provided to various elements of the central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA). CORAH/CADA have 61 vehicles and 29 motorcycles in their inventory (eight vehicles have exceeded their useful lifetime and ware awaiting auction); the Instituto de Cultivos Tropicles ( ICT) has four vehicles and 21 motorcycles. The Ministry of Education and Judicial Prosecutors, the Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.
The NAS employs a FSN Motor Vehicle Maintenance Supervisor under the Logistics Section, who is charged with overall responsibility for tracking project vehicle fleets, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing guidance concerning appropriate schedules of preventive maintenance. Aviation personnel have responsibility for all aircraft, tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, and forklifts, including preventive maintenance. During 2004, NAS Logistics acquired five replacement vehicles from other sections of the Embassy as transfers, up-grading the fleet at no cost to NAS. The replaced vehicles were disposed of in accordance with regulations.
The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance when requesting NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Funding is not provided if the preventive maintenance has not been performed.
The rapidly aging NAS project transportation fleet continues to be a problem. However, the adoption of a shorter replacement cycle schedule will benefit operations in the near future. In 2004, NAS Logistics disposed of one inoperative/obsolete police vehicle and four NAS program vehicles. There are an additional 20 to 25 inoperative and obsolete counterpart vehicles being prepared for auction and /or disposal. Any funds received will be returned to the program.
In 2002, the NAS purchased and repaired radio equipment to support interdiction and eradication missions. One Motorola secure repeater, with a solar power system, was purchased to support operations in the Huallaga valley. The repeater system will provide secure radio communications for all anti-narcotics operations in the area. The NAS also purchased 24 additional cellular phones to augment communications among units for project coordination.
Project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU) in 2000. The units have continued to expand and to produce quality information.
The NAS continues to upgrade computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressers and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts in improving internal communications through LANs and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems. These help to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork and provide more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and used for the intended purposes. The NAS Police and Communications Advisor initiated a pilot project with DIRANDRO and Peru's Narcotics Prosecutor's Office to track/expedite the legal processing of all narcotics cases. The hardware/software system includes: 1 server, 21 PC's, software and accessories. They will be installed at the Prosecutor's Office, DINANDRO, and Lima's courts this year. The "Judicial Tracking system" will be implemented on a larger scale if the pilot project is successful.
Additional project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU's) in 2002. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year. They did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.
Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 200 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO. The NAS with INL approval, provides non-lethal weapons to the PNP. The non-lethal weapons include 12 complete pepperball systems.
Riverine-The DOD-equipped 7 Riverine Interdiction Units consist of 17 personnel, four Boston Whaler type boats and a floating maintenance facility. The program also provides for improvements to existing Coast Guard and Drug Police infrastructure to support Riverine operations, including office space renovation and repairs to existing equipment. The NAS, DEA, and MAAG program coordinators conduct frequent field visits to observe training, equipment use and storage practices for all GOP forces. The level of maintenance of donated equipment has been marginally satisfactory. The GOP has not funded minor outfitting or consumable expenses (fuel, MRE's, or medical supplies), or kept life safety equipment in good repair. As a result, post has decided to re-direct its assets to the ports.
The NAS supports a total of 21USG-owned INL Air Wing UH-1 and UH-II helicopters that are operated by the National Police Aviation Directorate (DIVAVPOL) for counternarcotics interdiction and eradication missions. INL rotary wing assets are based at the NAS hanger in Pucallpa where all major helicopter maintenance is performed. The hangar also supports one fixed wing asset, and a C-208 single engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying eight passengers or light cargo. The C-208 is not pressured and can only operate east of the Andes. GOP MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are also used for counternarcotics operations. If needed, the NAS rents small aircraft to move personnel and cargo to locations east of the Andes.
During 2004, NAS-Lima received 5 UH-II's. The A-37 fuselages provided to the Peruvain Air Force in 1992 and 1996 have been cannibalized for repair parts. Two modified GOP C-26's, presently located at the PAL facility Newfoundland, Canada are expected to arrive in June 2005. The upgrades will include refurbishment of the aircraft, and installation of a FLIR (Forward Looking Infrared), cutting edge equipment which when installed will greatly assist in counternarcotics operations.
NAS Aviation Program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp, managed and performed EUM activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2004. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft. No diversion of NAS-purchased parts and equipment has been detected. A 100 percent inventory for 2004 was completed. All items have been bar-coded and entered into the inventory control software program.
In 2004, the C-27 flew 170 missions from January 10 to July 30. The total number of passengers was 2,445. Total flight time in support of post's counternarcotics program was 233.6 hours at a cost of $2,131,751. The C-27 became too expensive to operate and was moved to Colombia at the end of July. The C-208 flew 491 missions from January 18 to December 21. The total flight time was 561.3 hours of which 506.4 hours were in support of field operations.
In 2004, the Aviation Program (UH-1 and UH-II) logged 4,595 hours of total flight time, of which 881 individual interdiction flights totaled 1295.7 hours and 630 individual eradication flights totaled 824.6 hours.
The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1 and UH-II helicopters and the fixed-wing aircraft. The NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on an occasional basis for selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures to control both the supply and quality of fuel stocks for aviation and Riverine operations. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has strict ordering, receiving and payment procedures. In 2004, $1,980,000 was spent on the purchase of aviation fuel. An additional $580,000 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to forward locations. The NAS in-house quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through daily, weekly and monthly testing, weekly spot-checks and monthly audits. Additionally, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) conducts quarterly inspections of DOD quality assurance of all in-plane contracts, which includes both NAS BPA's. All meet or exceed standards established by DLA.
The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from seven locations in Peru, nine of which are east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa and has a maximum Jet-A capacity of 45,000 gallons. Tingo Maria has a capacity of 18,000 gallons of Jet-A1. Aguaytia, Santa Lucia, Mazamari and Pichari all have at least 20,000 gallon capacities. All locations have CORAH-contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS embassy field coordinator in Pucallpa. The NAS Petroleum Logistics Advisor visits allocations at least quarterly. Prior to 2004, the NAS stored both 100-Ll and Jet-A1. This practice has stopped since all USG-provided aircraft use only Jet A1.
The NAS also purchases fuel for the Riverine Program for use by PNP and Coast Guard Riverine Unit. In 2004, the NAS purchased approximately 1,000 gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel at a cost of $26,000. NAS Riverine fuel is stored at PNP and at Coast Guard floating facilities as well as in portable fuel bladders. Both the PNP and the Coast Guard are largely dependent on NAS/DEA purchased fuel to conduct Riverine operations.
The NAS provides construction support to advance counternarcotics operations through CORAH personnel. During 2004, CORAH carried out 164 projects at a cost of $6,310,345. This included 59 projects for aviation, 79 for the police program, 12 for the Riverine Program, and 14 for CORAH facilities. In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purposes.
The NAS continues to provide upgraded computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressors and UPS, as necessary, in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts to improve internal communications through LAN and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork, and provide clearer and more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and used for the intended purposes.
Importation of Goods
The GOP made significant changes to the law regarding importation of goods into Peru. The resulting changes required the NAS to acquire new electronic Customs software and hire a licensed and bonded person to comply with the new clearance system and process implemented by the GOP in January 2003. The impact to the NAS resulted in an increase in Customs clearance time and additional costs in bonded warehouse fees.
Due to changes in Peru's Customs regulations implemented in 2003 and reported in the 2003 yearly report, the average clearance time for counternarcotics materials increased from 24 hours to three or four days and required the NAS to hire a titled Customs agent. In the near future, when the Logistics Management Adviser receives signature authority for processing Customs documentation, the average time to clear Customs will be reduced to 48 hours thus improving mission response time and reducing bonded warehouse storage charges by over 200 percent.
During EUM inspection visits of police sites, Logistics noted that several units were lacking qualified personnel and/or were poorly equipped to track property. Logistics has proposed and received approval to assist these units by supplying excess NAS computer systems, an in-house developed database, training for tracking materials, and assistance in developing procedures.
During EUM inspections, Logistics noted that some counterpart sites, (mostly Police Units) had received hi-tech office equipment, i.e., copy machines, fax machines and printer. Because of toner cost and high maintenance, some machines were not in use. In the later part of 2001, Logistics proposed the review of purchasing practices in an attempt to provide the counterpart with simpler equipment that is easier to maintain and represents a lower cost, especially for remote counterpart sites. Although the situation improved during 2002, the problem still exists.
Santa Lucia Police Base
The GOP has not maintained this large base. Many buildings are completely abandoned, and some have major structural damage. The runway's condition poses such a significant safety hazard that it was temporarily closed to all USG fixed-wing assets in December 2003. It continues to pose a safety hazard to PNP aircraft.
In 2002, a Bilateral Peru Riverine Program (BPRP) was implemented to provide guidance to the GOP to conduct Riverine counter narcotics interdiction operations. Major commodities provided include safety/emergency equipment, fuel, boat spare parts and spare engines, police boat overhauls. Although the Coast Guard conducts routine patrol and the PNP conducts some operations, the Riverine program has produced few tangible results. The NAS, working in concert with DEA and MAAG, introduced a performance-based incentive program in 2003 to encourage the Police and Coast Guard to work together on counternarcotics operations to improve productivity. Also during 2003, DEA, MAAG, and NAS conducted a regional Riverine Operation in coordination with Bolivia. Unfortunately, neither of these initiatives produced significant tangible results. For 2004, program support was limited to basic maintenance and infrastructure support in addition to the support for specific counternarcotics operations.
In early 2005, MAAG plans to donate the Riverine Coordination Center (RCC) located in Iquitos to the GOP. Delays in donating this last USG-held vestige of the Riverine program were caused by the very slow progress made towards the signing of a PNP-Peruvian Coast Guard joint operation accord, which defines how the RCC will be operated and be staffed by both services.
The DIRANDO Police Inspector General (IG) investigated cases involving DIRANDO police submission of fraudulent documentation that resulted in new DIRANDO policies implemented to safeguard NAS-donate equipment.
INL project funds provided through the NAS are the sole source of support for CORAH. The NAS completely funds all coca eradication, and all the activities of CADA for coca measurement and eradication verification east of the Andes. While the GOP provides significant resources in support of counternarcotics activities, it does not provide any funding for CORAH and its eradication activities. CORAH conducted a total of 351 eradication missions during 2004, eradicating over 10,338 hectares.
The Government of Peru has had continued success throughout the year in conducting law enforcement operations. Over the period, however, the price of coca leaf rose well above the farmer's break-even point, signaling that additional action is needed to reverse the trend. The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:
9.900.0 hectares Opium eradicated
98.0 hectares Coca leaf seized
1.0 metric tons Cocaine HCL seized
7.3 metric tons Cocaine base/paste seized
6.3 metric tons Illicit laboratories destroyed/seized
1900.0 pits Cocaine HCL
The aviation program continues to be the cornerstone of the counternarcotics program. Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the 16 INL helicopters, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in many coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added an element of unpredictabilility needed to safely operate in areas of resistance to eradication missions.
The End Use Monitoring program for CY-2004 was very successful. It revealed that resources provided to our counternarcotics counterparts were properly used, maintained, and accounted for and permitted detection of those few cases in which irregularities surfaced. The most important message given to post's counterparts is that the USG is vigilant and has a system in place to accurately monitor donated commodities.
During the year, embassy officers performed spot checks and an annual on-site inspection at the Coast Guard (Prefectura) and at the Uruguayan Anti-Drug Unit, Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID). These agencies provide an annual inventory report, which specifies the use, status, and location of all equipment supplied by the USG. The Embassy maintains contact with these officials throughout the year with regards to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status.
Computer and Communications Equipment
Most of the computers are in good condition. Eleven computers were donated in 2002. Embassy-provided computers are used by accountants to monitor financial drug-related activities, by analysts looking for drug-related activities, and for general office use. Computers are also used to network with the Ministry of Public Health in an information-sharing program concerning sale and distribution of potential drug precursors.
Some of the older, renovated computers have been sent to local police stations to improve communication and data sharing. A number of older printers are also out-of-service; but new donations are replacing these older machines at a reasonable pace.
The Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) maintains computer equipment, a monitor, a specialized printer, and software for the analysis of financial transactions provided jointly by the USG and Organization of American States (OAS) in 1999 and 2000. The computer equipment is located at its headquarters in Montevideo, where it is very well maintained.
In 2000, post donated 10 computers and monitors, 8 printers, and two servers to the Prefectura. All of these are still in use, with the exception of one printer that has broken and is too expensive to repair. The printers are in use within the Prefectura's headquarters in Montevideo. Prefectura headquarters is preparing to distribute these computers to the Prefectura stations along Uruguay's main river and ocean port of entry. Throughout this expanded network, border officers will gain improved access to the Prefectura's database and more timely and thorough analysis of data and border crossing patterns of potential drug traffickers. Currently, only data for individuals is contained within the system. Prefectura would like to install automatic cameras at Uruguay's busiest border crossings to photograph each vehicle as it enters or exists the country.
Post purchased scanners, digital cameras, external hard drive, modems, and other computer hardware that are strengthening the quantity and quality of information in the database as well as its accessibility to border posts.
The two computers and printer located at the Ministry of Public Health are used for precursor chemical permits and are in good condition.
The National Drug Secretariat (SND) maintains personal computers (15), fax machines (2) and printers (10). The Ministry of Public Health maintains two personal computers systems and a printer provided by the USG in 1999.
Thirteen vehicles have been donated to DGRTID, including three motorcycles. Through an innovative exchange program with major car dealerships in Uruguay, the vehicles are traded in for new models every two years at virtually no charge. Through this program, vehicles have been exchanged, thus maintaining a young, low-maintenance fleet of vehicles.
The National Drug Secretariat (SND) maintains a vehicle donated by post in 1988.
The Prefectura operates the two Cape Class patrol boats along the Uruguay River and the coast. They are in good condition. The Prefectura operates two motorized rafts out of Montevideo.
Typewriters, electronic surveillance system, videocassette recorders, video cameras, photocopiers, fax machines, night vision devices, camcorders, air conditioning unit, narcotics test kits, cadaver kits, electronic scales, air conditioning units. fingerprint kits, 6 fiber optic borescopes, metal detector police assault gear, protective gear, voltage regulators, radio, transformers plus other support equipment (including desks and chairs, binoculars, flashlights and handcuffs), communication monitoring systems, bullet-proof vests, protective outerwear, UPS, weight balance, have been donated to the DRGTID and the Prefectura.
In general, the equipment is in good condition. Out-of-date electronic equipment has been replaced with newer, more useful models. The handcuffs and other police equipment could be replaced.
The following equipment was donated to the Ministry of Interior (the Direccion Nacional de Identification Civil) for use in improving immigration controls and databases: channel storage system (2); hard drive (2); IEC cord (2); Advanced EEC PC2100 DDR SDRAM DIMM (2); storageworks modular SAN array controller (2) storageworks Modular SAN array controller (2); multi-mode fiber channel cable (8).
A number of drug-detecting dogs are raised, trained, and housed on the DGRTID grounds in Montevideo. Currently, drug-detecting dogs from DGRTID are used in three districts. DGRTID hopes to expand their use to more areas as more litters are born and trained. The Embassy previously donated containers that house a veterinarian's office, dog pens, and a small staff kitchen.
The Prefectura has a canine program with a relatively large number of dogs trained in drug detection. They have 9 dogs in Montevideo and another 20 at posts in the Interior, including some posts with two dogs. This year the dogs had 14 pups. One trainer is in charge of training the dogs. They have expressed an interest in new dog training techniques, including passive identification.
INL equipment has made a significant impact in the Government of Uruguay (GOU) counternarcotics effort, particularly through improved border control and tracking of persons. Computer equipment provided to the DGRTID and the Prefectura is forming comprehensive information networks that are improving data sharing between Uruguay's ports of entry and central resources in Montevideo. Without INL funding and assistance, many anti-narcotics projects would not be possible.
DGRTID records show that 1,849 individuals were arrested in 2004 for drug trafficking activities; 271 were convicted. Yearly seizures in the internal markets reached nearly 1,261 kg of marijuana, 29 kg of cocaine, 111 grams of hashish, and 20,512 doses of ecstasy. Overall, the amounts of drug seized and the number of individuals arrested have been increasing dramatically.
Receiving law enforcement agencies sign documentation confirming receipt of all materials. Receipt includes serial numbers, quantities, and expected end-use. Post conducted on-site inspections and periodic spot checks of all resources. Post also received a host government report on the materials. DEA agents visit post regularly and monitor the use and status of the vehicles, equipment and furniture. Narcotics Police, the Vetted Unit, and the Police Force accommodate visits from Embassy personnel.
The following commodities were provided to the Government of Suriname (GOS) law enforcement agencies in 2003: fax machines; Polaroid cameras; CPU's; printers; scanners; file cabinets; office desks; office chairs; drug test kits; handcuffs; maglights; Toyota Landcruiser Station Wagon; Toyota Landcruiser pickup; Toyota Corona; copy machine; black lights for document checks; passport guides.
The following commodities were provided to the Ministry of Justice and Police Force's Special Investigative Unit (SIU) in prior years: chairs (16); tables (6); Compaq computer (1); fax machine (1); laser printer (1); cabinets (6); air conditioner (1); cellular phones (4); fingerprint kit (1); cipher locks (2); air vent fan (1); single tube night vision goggles (2); Pentium multimedia generic desktop computer (1); Toshiba lap top and a printer (1); protective vests (8).
Most of donated equipment is used by the Narcotics Brigade and the DEA-vetted unit, both of which are located at the Suriname Police complex at Nieuwe Haven. The Land cruiser vehicles are stored at the same complex and are used to travel outside Paramaribo where 4x4 vehicles are essential and regular cars cannot travel. The vehicles are used by police units for basic transportation needs enabling them to respond more rapidly to urgent situations.
The black lights and passport guides are used by the Narcotics Brigade and the DEA-vetted unit at Nieuwe Haven and by the Military Police, consular Section-Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Customs officials at the airport. All items are being used in accordance with their stated purpose.
The Government of Suriname (GOS) uses all resources provided in an effective manner. Recent arrests of major drug traffickers, the conviction of a money launderer, and the seizure of 379 kilos of cocaine and 82 kilograms of marijuana over several days are excellent examples of how the GOS law enforcement agencies are making real progress in their fight against narcotics trafficking and related crimes within their borders.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the National Police Anti-Drug Division (DNA) to allow close monitoring of donated material. Letters were sent to each supported unit with a copy of the existing inventory for their verification. The NAS completed physical verification of the commodities at Machala, Manta, Portoviejo, Santo Domingo, Baeza, Coca, and Lago Agrio.
The information below is derived from information submitted by National Anti-Drug Police Units. NAS personnel will verify this information in the course of affixing labels to donated commodities over the next few months. The more intensive EUM activity made possible by increased staffing in 2002 revealed previously undisclosed losses of some commodities. All of these items had been assigned to individual police department personnel. The cases have been referred to police administrative judges for determination of responsibility.
The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.
The DNA has received 700 SIG Sauer 9mm pistols via 506 (A) drawdown. They are distributed to ENP offices as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Pichincha (95); SIU (45); Sucumbios (15); Manta (25); Santo Domingo (5); Esmeraldas (10); Imbabura (21); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (15); El Oro (20); Azuay (10); Napo (5); Loja (30); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (10); Mascaillas (5); Puyo (7); Morona Santiago (5); DNA Warehouse (162).
Weapons/ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-drug Division (DNA) received 170 Beretta 9MM pistols from the USMILGP in 2000. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Guayaquil (20); Pichincha (27); Santo Domingo (5); Orellana (10); Manabi (5); Azuay (5); Los Rios (5); IOS (5); Tungurahua (5); Carchi (5); Imbabura (5); Esmeraldes (15); Morona Santiago (5); Sucumbios (10); Mascarillas 9; Galapagos (4); Canar (5); DNA Warehouse (30).
The USMILGP also donated 500 Colt-AR15 M-16's as part of the 506 (a) drawdown, distributed to ENP units as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Sucumbios (30); Manta (15); Esmeraldas (20); Imbabura (20); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (10); El Oro (10); Pichincha (95); Azuay (5); Napo (5); Loja (20); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (5); Morona Santiago (5); SIU (5); Paztaza (6); DNA warehouse (54).
The DNA received 519 flak vests from the 506 (a) Drawdown in 1999. They were distributed as follows: SIU (40); GEMA (100); Pichincha (70); Guayaquil (70); Machala (7); Carchi (26); Manta (20); Macarillas (5); Imbabura (9); Santo Domingo (5); Canar (10); Azuay (10); Esmeraldas (9); el Oro (12); Napo (5); Sucumbios (7); Los Rios (5); Chimborazo (5); DNA (17); DNA warehouse (87).
The DNA received 469 helmets from the 506 (a) Drawdown. They were distributed to the various ENP offices as follows: GEMA (120); Carchi (19); Imbabura (6); Esmeraldas (6); Santo Domingo (5); Manta (12); Sucumbios (12); Mascarillas (5); Pichincha (42); Guayaquil (50); El Oro (7); Azuay (10); Canar (10); Machala (7); Napo (5); Morona Santiago (5); GOE (20); GIR (45); Manabi (15); Tunguragua (6); Chimborazo (5); DNA (50); DNA Warehouse (7).
The DNA reported the loss or theft of 18 Beretta pistols, 4 Sig Sauer pistols and one protective (flak) vest.
The Ecuadorian Army (19th Jungle Brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated by the NAS in FY-2002. The equipment is in Quito undergoing tests.
The NAS donated 100 HMMWV's and 51 five-ton trucks to the Ecuadorian Army in 2003 for northern border use. One HMMWV and one truck were lost overboard during transit to Ecuador; one HMMWV was wrecked after it was transferred to the GOE. Nineteen additional HMMWV's and 26 additional five-ton trucks were donated to the Ecuadorian Marine and Air Force units in 2004. These vehicles are assigned to Ecuadorian military units at the following locations:
HMMWV: Tulcan (12); Santa Cecilia (12); Esmeraldes (25); Lago Agrio (10); Purumayo (6); Latacunga (5); Ibarro (2); Military Maintenance shop (46).
Five-ton Trucks: Tulcan (5); Santa Cecelia (5); Esmeraldas (30); Lago Agrio (5); Ibarro (4); Putumayo (2); Quevedo (4); Latacunga (3); Quito (5); and Military Maintenance shop (13).
The NAS provides support for all USG-donated vehicles totaling 201 cars/trucks and 77 motorcycles. Twenty-four cars/trucks and 17 motorcycles were beyond their useful life and were sold at auction in 2004. In 2004, the NAS replaced 17 vehicles and 25 motorcycles. The vehicles are distributed as follows: Pichincha (68); Guayas (20); Mascarillas (2); Manabi (4); Carchi (5); Esmeraldas (5); El Ora (2); Loja (3); Tena (1); Azuay (3); Tugurahua (3); Imbabura (4); Cotopaxi (3); Zamora (1); Sucumios (3); Napo (2); GEMA (10); Chimborazo (2); Quevedo (1); SIU (27); Coac (5).
Seventy-four vehicles will be put up for auction in 2005 because they are beyond their reasonable operational life. One hundred and three vehicles are in good condition. The balance is operational but aging.
Forty-four motorcycles are in good condition; eight are beyond their expected operational life. The NAS received reports of eight lost/stolen donated motorcycles in 2004. The losses are being handled by the National Police in accordance with standing policy regarding lost equipment. Lost equipment entails personal liability and reimbursement in the case of culpable negligence.
The motorcycles are distributed as follows: Pichincha (14); Guayas (6); Manabi (2); Carchi (3); Esmeraldas (1); El Oro (1); Loja (1); Tena (1); Azuay (1); Tugurahua (2); Imbabura (2); Cotopaxi (1); Sucumbios (3); Chimborazo (1); SIU (9); Coac (4).
The NAS has established blanket purchase orders with several repair shops. Repair and maintenance needs are evaluated by NAS personnel and the vehicles are sent to appropriate shops for the necessary work. The NAS keeps records of vehicle maintenance; maintains a tire stock; and furnishes a fixed amount of fuel for operations by the donated vehicles throughout Ecuador.
The NAS has supplied the ENP with 22 repeater stations, 38 base stations, 73 mobile units, 213 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies), 2 manpack HF radios, and 1 HF base radio. All equipment is provided with full accessories. The equipment is distributed throughout the country.
The DNA has 16 HT-1000 and 51 Motorola Saber radios. Twenty additional saber radios are used by the NAS-supported DHS-guided Anti-Alien Smuggling Police Intelligence Unit (COAC).
The Ecuadorian Army (the 19th Jungle brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated in FY-2002. The equipment is currently in Quito undergoing tests.
The NAS completed the upgrade of the computer equipment. One hundred eighty computers, 53 printers, 111 digital cameras, 14 scanners, 9 servers, 41 laptops were distributed throughout Ecuador at the following antinarcotics facilities:
Computers- Pichincha (100); Guayas (23); Imbabura (4); Carchi (5);Esmeraldas (4); Tungurahua (3); Los Rios (2); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (3); Napo (1); Zamora (2); Cotopaxi (3); Chimborazo (2); Orellana (2); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (2) Manabi (9); Loja (1); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); San Lorenzo (1).
Printers-Pichincha (27); Guayas (5); Imbabura (1); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios_(1); el Oro (2); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (1); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (1);Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (1); Galapagos (1).
Digital Cameras-Pichincha (51); Guayas (16); Imbabura (4); Carchi (4); Esmeraldas (3); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (2); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (1); Manabi (6); Loja (3); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1).
Laptops-Pinchincha (20); Guayas (4); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); el Oro (1); Azuay (1); Zamora (1); Chimborzao 1; Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (2); Galapagos (1); Napo (1).
Scanners-Pichinchi (4), GUAYAS (4); Imbabura (1); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); El Oro (1); sucumbios (1); Manabi (1).
Servers-Pichincha (7); Guayas (2).
The NAS provided the Ecuadorian National Drug Council (CONSEP) with 13 computers in 2001 and 21 in 2002. They were distributed as follows: Loja (2); Ibarra (2); Carchi (2); Manabi (2); Esmeraldas (2); Napo (2); Santo Domingo (2); Quito (10); Guayas (6); Tungurahua (1); El Oro (1); Azuay (2).
NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been the pride of the ENP and accounts for nearly all of the drug interdictions in Ecuador. There are 47 dogs in the canine unit donated by the NAS. Most are located at the airports and at checkpoints. They are being maintained better since post demanded that a police vet be removed because of strong indications of malpractice in the death of one of the donated dogs. Civilian vets are now being used. Some of the dogs donated over the past several years are nearing the end of their natural working lives. The canine corps has about twice as many dogs from non-USG sources that NAS also maintains.
Post corrects deficiencies in the kennels as it finds them. The NAS currently has projects to improve the kennels at the Quito and Guayaquil airports and build new kennels in Lago Agrio.
The NAS provided the DNA with five emergency generators. They are in service at the operational units as follows: Pinchincha (1); Guayas (2); Manta (2).
In 2002, the NAS procured 400 sets of pants, shirts, caps, reflective vests, boots, camouflage shirts, ponchos, and belts. They were distributed to operational units in the field. They have been subject to normal attrition, wear and tear.
The NAS provided three portable ion scanners in 2003 and two digital X-ray machines in 2004.
Due to software problems and staff shortages, the NAS was unable to complete the new inventory system and barcode all of the commodities at the Anti-Drug Units.
U.S. Government assistance is crucial for the counternarcotics program of the ENP. The NAS and DEA provide almost all of the logistical and operational support to the ENP Anti-Drug Division.
Drug seizures and arrest statistics for calendar year 2004 were (metric tons):
2.95 Coca Base/paste
1.37 Cocaine total
The majority of information on the condition and disposal of commodities comes from the National Drug Council (CONACE), which requests and compiles data from the recipient law enforcement agencies. On-site inspections are infrequent, as the small size of the program does not merit resource dedication to monitoring trips. Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis.
The host government agencies participating in INL-funded projects are the Chilean Investigative Police (PICH), Chilean Customs Service, the Carabineros, and CONACE.
The Carabineros' Chevrolet LUV pickup in El Loa is in poor condition.
Of the four walkie-talkie radios located in Africa, three are in fair condition and one is in good condition. The two walkie-talkies in Calama are in good condition.
The Police have one radio scanner, one base station, four walkie-talkies, and two hand-held high frequency radios in good condition. Customs has one base station in good condition.
Carabineros has five telephone systems in five locations. Three are in good condition; one is in fair condition; one is in poor condition. It also has five telephone message systems in five locations. They are in fair to good condition.
Carabineros has three binoculars in good condition.
The Carabineros maintain eight cameras in Santiago. Customs maintains one in Valparaiso. They are in good condition.
The Carabineros has 35 computers and one server in 17 locations. All are in good condition. Carabineros has one computer in Coquimbo; three laptops in Santiago; and two printers in Santiago. CONACE has two printers in storage. They are all in good condition.
The Police maintain three night vision goggles: one in Valparaiso; one in Concepcion; and one in Punta Arenas. They are in good condition. They have one antenna tuner and one helicoidal type antenna in Calama. Carabineros has three night vision visors: one in Antofagasta; one in El Loa; and one in Valparaiso. Customs maintains 12 probing mirrors in 8 locations. Customs maintains 26 digital scales in 15 locations. It also has two VCR's and one television in Valparaiso. Carabineros maintains one projector, one VCR, two fax machines; nine tape recorders; three electric typewriters; and one calculator. Each is in good condition, except for two of the fax machines which are in fair to poor condition.
The GOC reports that the equipment is used in both rural and metropolitan areas in counter-narcotics operations. Chile has a culture of responsible maintenance; the equipment is generally well cared for. Much of the equipment is nearing the end of its useful life. Post continues to review counternarcotics equipment needs and procurement capabilities of the police forces to determine what further material assistance is warranted.