Post is responsible for INL-funded programs in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Post is also responsible for monitoring equipment provided to the French department of Martinique. The Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) met with Police, the Coast Guard Defense Force, the Financial Intelligence Unit and other officials to review the use of the equipment, training and services provided through NAS funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with inspections.
Vehicles-The NAS purchased one 2003 Nissan X-trail 4x4 wagon for the Barbados Information Center (BIC) in 2003. It is in excellent condition. One 2001 Mitsubishi L200 double cab purchased for the Barbados Airport Security in support of the C-26 program is used extensively. Two 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitaras and one 1998 Mitsubishi sedan are in use at the Drug Squad.
Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone and base station at the Coast Guard are working well. The four hand-held radios are no longer operational.
Computer Equipment-The Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) has received 30 laptop computers. They have been distributed throughout the justice system and are used extensively. The Financial Crime Investigation Unit (FCIU) has received three laptops, four computers, digital camera and projector, four printers and office supplies. The Barbados Information Center (similar to the JICC) received four computers, a server, a scanner, an Ethernet hub, four UPS systems, zip disks and a fax machine. The JICC has replaced the hard drive in one of the computers. The Police Drug Squad computer, printer, and digital camera are working well. The 12 computers and three printers at the Barbados Community College (BCC) are working well. The Coast Guard's printer and scanner are no longer operational.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The BCC's 22 stenography machines are in need of servicing. However, there are no qualified technicians on the island. The television, chairs, TV cart, A/C units, keyboard charts are all used extensively. The Barbados Information Center used its security access system, photocopier and shredder. The FCIU received a digital camera in 2002. One digital camera, handcuffs, flashlights, batons and one pair of binoculars are in use at the Police Drug Squad. The Coast Guard has night vision goggles, life vests, a camcorder, body armor, zoom camera, handcuffs, flashlights and batons. One pair of night vision goggles is in use with Barbados Airport Security.
Marine Equipment-The NAS purchased one H920 RHIB in 2003 for the Barbados Coast Guard. It is in use despite engine problems. The chart plotter requires a new chip. The Coast Guard's 733 RHIB has been fitted with new engines and is working well. The Boston Whaler is also working well.
Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's 2002 Nissan double cab is in good condition. The Drug Squad's 1998 Nissan double cab is being repaired. Two 2000 Nissan double cabs assigned to the Grand Bay and Portsmouth police stations are in good condition. The Police Special Branch's 20000 Mitsubishi Pajero is working well. One 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the DARE program remains in good condition. Three of the Cherokee Jeeps purchased for the Drug Squad in 1996 were sold without prior approval from the NAS. Post will ensure that the proceeds from the sale of the vehicles are returned to the INL program. The fourth vehicle is in use by the Marine Unit. It was involved in an accident and is being repaired.
Communications Equipment-There are two Sectel secure phones located in the Police Drug Squad and in the Coast Guard. They are both operational. The Dominica Police have one solar panel radio communications repeater in use. Their hand-held radios are in need of aerials and new batteries. Only ten of the 20 base stations are working.
Computer and Office Equipment- The NAS purchased one photocopier, one copy of i2 Analyst's Notebook, one all-in-one printer/fax/copier/scanner for the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and one shredder, heavy-duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter for the International Business Unit (IBU) in 2003. All are used frequently. Five computers, a shredder, two laser printers, five desks, five office chairs and a safe are in use at the FIU. One conference table and twelve chairs purchased in 2001 remain in storage. The NAS will examine alternative uses for the stored table and chairs. A computer, printer and computer UPS system located in the Police Commissioner's office are working well. One photocopier located at the office of the DPP is in good condition but toner and other supplies are not available on the local market. One printer and computer UPS system at the Police Drug Squad are working well. It has a photocopier with minor problems, but there are few technicians in Dominica, sometimes causing long delays for even minor repairs. One photocopier, four computers, a network hub, two printers and a fax machine at the IBU and one LCD projector, computer, printer and scanner at the Money Laundering Supervisory Authority (MLSA) are not in use (but remain secure) because these agencies have no permanent staff at the moment. The laptop at the MLSA is working.
Maritime Equipment. The Zodiac H920 RHIB at the Marine Unit continues to have problems but is operational. The 22-foot Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 is operational, but has problems with the fuel tank. The Boston Whaler is waterlogged and not operational. The 733 RHIB is waiting for the fitting of new engines acquired through TAFT. Only two 225 HP engines purchased in 2001 are operational.
Miscellaneous Equipment- In 2004, the NAS purchased 24 pouches, BDU's, jungle boots, water bottles, two vehicles camouflage nets, six dome tents, flashlights, three binoculars, four inspection mirrors, night vision goggles, 12 field compasses, disposable gloves and respirators for the Drug Squad. All are in use and in good condition. The Marine Police received forty-five life vests and two hand-held spotlights in 2002. One air conditioning unit, night vision goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU's, binoculars, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, and handcuffs are used extensively by the Police Drug Squad. The Marine Police Unit uses 45 life vests, two handheld spotlights, rain gear, night vision goggles, body armor, a boarding kit, a digital camera, a fiber optic viewer, a drill set. The Marine Unit's camcorder has reached the end of it useful life. The Customs and Excise Department is using the 15 BDU's, boots, flashlights, handcuffs, binoculars, spotlights, body armor, and digital camera. The Drug Squad uses the two filing cabinets, photocopier, shredder, and law books. A photocopier purchased for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (D.P.P.) is used extensively. One photocopier, safe, shredder, and five office chairs are in use at the FIU; one conference table and 12 chairs remain in storage. The FSU uses its photocopier, fax machine, shredder, heavy-duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter daily.
Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon is in good condition. Its 1998 Mitsubishi double cab needs the turbo replaced; two of the 1996 Cherokee Jeeps are out-of-service due to transmission problems. The 2000 Mitsubishi mini bus used by the police DARE program is in good condition.
Communications Equipment- Six cellular phones at the Police Drug Squad. have reached the end of their useful life and have been replaced using host government funds. Five cellular phones, VHF radios, and a base station are in use at the Police Marine Unit.
Marine Equipment-The Zodiac H920 RHIB has problems with one of the engines but they have been repaired. The 733 works well but the collar has a slow leak. The two 225 HP engines purchased in 2003 were lost when the MAKO vessel sank during a rescue operation. The four 225 HP engines and two 150 HP engines purchased in 2000 are working well.
Office Equipment and Furniture-The six computers, fax machine, digital camera, scanner, two printers and two laptops are used daily by the Financial Intelligence Authority (FIA). The Marine Unit is using its two computers, two printers, fax machine, printer and scanner. The two computers and two printers are accounted for and used by the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat (SAACS). The Customs Central Intelligence Units are using their digital printer, three computers, two scanners, printer and laptop. A printer and digital camera are in use by the Police's Special Branch.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased 25 sets of uniforms and boots for the Drug Squad; the FIA received one NVG, a pair of binoculars and three bulletproof vests. The NAS also purchased a fax machine for the Special Branch, 1200 DARE workbooks and other materials for the Police Force's DARE Program; a 6-seater conference room table with chairs, four 2-drawer filing cabinets, and a safe for the FIU; and T-shirts, bandanas, posters and other drug awareness items for the Citizens Against Substance Abuse NGO. Law books at the office of the DPP, two camcorders, two Polaroid cameras, one VCR, breathalyzer kits, protective suits, fingerprinting equipment, ultra-violet lamps, latex gloves, magnifying glasses, evidence bags and body bags are in use at the Police Criminal Investigations Department (CID). The CID was unable to account for a laptop computer at the time of the on-site inspection, but CID personnel said that they would continue to look for it. Two night vision goggles are in use at Customs; night vision goggles and a digital camera are in use in the Drug Squad. Lockers, folding chairs, a drill set, body armor, boarding kit, a camcorder and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the police marine unit. Night vision goggles, digital cameras, television, VCR, camcorder, binoculars, body armor and flashlights are all in use at the Police Drug Squad. The police Special Service Branch received one pair.
Fifteen lockers and their folding chairs, a drill set, body armor and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the Marine Police Unit. Two camcorders, two Polaroid cameras, one VCR, breathalyzer kits, protective suits, fingerprinting equipment, ultra-violet lamps, latex gloves, magnifying glasses, evidence bags and body bags are in use at the police CID. Digital cameras are in use at Customs Service and the Police Special Branch. A drill set, body armor, a boarding kit, a camcorder and a fiber optic viewer are in use at the Coast Guard. Night vision goggles, a digital camera, a television, a VCR, a camcorder, binoculars, body armor, chain saws and flashlights are all in good condition at the Police Drug Squad. The Marine Unit is using its bulletproof vest, camcorder, inspection mirror, fiber optic viewer, flashlight, batons, handcuffs and binoculars. The Special Branch is using one NVG and a shredder. Armchairs, sided chairs, desks, a credenza with hutch, and a conference table are in use at the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad has a 1998 Toyota double cab and a 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero in service. The Pajero received some minor damage to the left side in an accident. Both vehicles are used extensively. One 1996 Jeep Cherokee was recently sold at auction; the other, which is their surveillance vehicle, remains off the road due to an overheating problem. Post is checking to ensure that proceeds are directed to the Drug Squad in accordance with the provisions of the 1999 U.S.-St. Vincent LOA. A second Cherokee remains off the road due to the unavailability of spare parts. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero at the Marian House Drug Rehabilitation program is in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero is used for the police-administered DARE program. It remains in good condition.
Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone located at the Coast Guard does not work.
Office Equipment- In 2004, the NAS purchased two computers, a fax machine and a printer for the Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit and a computer for the FIU. It also purchased an i2 Analyst's Notebook, laptop, projector, photocopier, television, VCR, shredder and a safe for the FIU in 2003. All are in excellent condition. Five computers, two printers, one scanner, and fax are in use at the FIU. Four computers, two printers, a scanner, fax machine and photocopier are working well at the Attorney's General's Office. However, one computer is unserviceable and the AG's Office is replacing the hard drive on one of the laptops. A shredder in the Attorney General's office is not working and a safe is stuck closed. The NAS is working with the manufacturers and the Attorney General's office to resolve the problems. One TV/VCR and one slide projector are in good condition at Marian House.
Marine Equipment-The Coast Guard's Zodiac H920 RHIB's is working well. However, the other H90 is experiencing engine problems and is temporarily out-of-service. The 733 RHIB has been repainted and is awaiting a new collar and engine, which is being supplied by the St. Vincent and Grenadines Government.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased a photocopier for the Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit; and 2,500 workbooks and 800 certificates for the DARE program. The Marine House is using its TV/VCR and slide projector. A shredder at the AG's Office is unserviceable and their safe cannot be opened. The NAS purchased one digital camera and one long-lens camera for the Police Drug Squad and one digital camera, alarm and security access system for the FIU in 2003. All are working well. One camcorder, night visions binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, zoom camera, and flashlights are used extensively by the Coast Guard. Three bulletproof vests purchased for the Coast Guard are on loan to the Prime Minister's detail. Body armor, bunk beds, a micro cassette recorder, computer GPS systems, night vision goggles, battering ram, handcuffs, binoculars, camcorder, sight exploration kit, metal detectors and flashlights are used extensively by the Police Drug Squad. The NAS purchased a digital camcorder for the Drug Squad to replace one that was unserviceable. There are two GPS systems at Police Headquarters that are used for training exercises.
Antigua and Barbuda
Vehicles-The 2003 Toyota Corolla sedan at the ONDCP has a damaged front fender. The Suzuki Vitara 4x4 is in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's canine unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages that are in good condition. The Police Drug Squad's 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero is working but is nearing the end of its useful life. Its 1996 Jeep Cherokee has been taken off the road for repairs. The 1999 Nissan Patrol is still in good condition and in use by the Police-administered DARE program.
Marine Equipment-One Zodiac H920 Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB) has experienced engine problems, which have been rectified under warranty. The 733 RHIB and the Boston Whaler are working well. The Coast Guard is in the process of refurbishing a second Boston Whaler and fitting it with new engines. The Boston Whaler should be operational by January 2005. Two inboard Caterpillar engines purchased in 1999 for the Coast Guard's 40' Sea Ark vessel have reached the end of their useful life.
Miscellaneous Equipment-Body armor, weapons belts, a boarding kit, and a digital camera are in use at the Coast Guard daily. One pair of night vision goggles, VCR's, overhead projectors, camcorders, public address system, transmitters, slide projector and microphones are in use at the Defense Force. Night vision goggles, portable scanners, cameras, binoculars, body armor, micro cassette recorders and handcuffs are used by the Police Drug Squad. The body armor given to the Drug Squad has reached the end of its useful life. Two portable scanners, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, night vision goggles, rechargeable spotlights and micro cassette recorders are in use at the ONDCP and are in fair condition.
Office Furniture and Equipment-Fourteen computers, two servers, one network printer, one scanner and one safe purchased for the Financial Service Regulatory Authority are in good condition and used daily. One laptop at the Defense Force and one laptop and an overhead projector at the Police Drug Squad are working well. Four storage cabinets, nineteen computers, computer UPS systems, three printers, i2 Analyst's Notebook (intelligence software), two portable scanners, two servers, a plotter, four scanners, four printers, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine and typewriter at the ONDCP are in good condition and are working well.
St. Kitts and Nevis
Vehicles-One 2001 Toyota double cab at the Nevis Police has minor dents and scratches but is working well. Their 1996 Jeep Cherokee remains out of service. The St. Kitts Drug Squad has repaired its 1996 Jeep Cherokee. A 1998 Mitsubishi minivan at the St. Kitts and Nevis Police Drug Squad is in use, but the air conditioning unit does not work. A 1999 Mitsubishi minibus with the Police-administered DARE program is in good condition.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased body armor, binoculars and BDU's for the Drug Squad. The NAS also purchased an office desk and chair, a secretarial workstation, a conference table, 12 chairs for the FIU and a photocopier for the Nevis Financial Service Department. The FIU is using its three fireproof filing cabinets, a binding machine, trimmer, television, VCR, photocopier, shredder and digital camera. The NACDAP is using its television, VCR, photocopier, desks, office chairs, conference table and filing cabinet. The Drug Squad is still using its older equipment including BDU's, a camcorder, handcuffs, night vision goggles, micro cassette recorder and a digital camera. The night vision goggles, which were stolen from the Nevis Police, have been recovered. The Nevis Police are using the 20 handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, nigh vision goggles, rain gear, body armor, uniforms, boots, traffic vests, and a digital camera.
Marine Equipment-One Zodiac H920 RHIB and one 733 RHIB are fully operational for the Coast Guard. They recently refurbished one Boston Whaler and will soon be refurbishing an older Boston Whaler. The 22 ft. RHIB purchased for Nevis Customs is in use. It still lacks proper launching and retrieving facilities to execute their operations in a more efficient manner.
Office Furniture and Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased an i2 Analyst's Notebook for the FIU. The NAS purchased four computers, five computer UPS systems, one server and one laptop for the Ministry of Finance's Financial Services Regulator; one computer for the National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP); one scanner and one digital camera for the Police Drug Squad, four computers; computer UPS systems; three printers and one laptop for the Nevis financial services regulator in 2003. All are in use. The Regulation and Supervisory Division (RSD) is using its four computers, three printers, and a laptop. The FIU is using its four computers, a network hub, projector, scanner, and two printers in their St. Kitts location; a computer and printer are in use at their Nevis office. One television, VCR, photocopier, four computers, a network hub, scanner and one printer are in use at its Nevis office. Four computers, LCD projector, fax machine, five desks, five office chairs, two stationary cabinets and two file cabinets are in use at the NACDAP. The scanner is no longer working.
Vehicles- The NAS purchased one Suzuki Grand Vitari for the Police Drug Squad's Vitara and one for the Police Drug Squad's surveillance unit in Caribbean in 2003. It remains in excellent condition. One 2001 3-ton Toyota truck is in use at the Police SSU and in need of a new camshaft. One 2001 Mitsubishi L300 van at the FIU is in good condition, but received exterior damage during the hurricane. The Police Drug Squad's 2001 Toyota Prado wagon was involved in an accident and is off the road awaiting repairs. Its 1998 Mazda 4x4 double cab is being used by the Police Force despite problems with the brakes. A 1996 Jeep Cherokee continues to experience transmission problems. The Drug Squad's Unit in Carriacou is using the 2003 Suzuki Grand Vitara with no problems reported. The 1996 Daihatsu truck purchased for the Police Force has reached the end of its useful life. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the Police DARE program has been transferred temporarily to the Governor General's detail due to a shortage of vehicles as a result of the damage during the hurricane.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased 430 sets of uniforms, 150 reflective vests and 150 flashlights for the Police Force since most of the gear was lost or damaged during the hurricane. The NAS also purchased two pairs of binoculars and forty polo shirts and caps for the Drug Squad. Forty holsters have been distributed among the Police Force. Ten pagers, a rescue phone, BDU's, body armor, television and VCR, two digital cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, cellular phones, binoculars, flashlights and night vision goggles are used extensively by the Police Drug Squad. Only five of the ten micro cassette recorders are working. A camcorder, zoom camera, night vision goggles, boarding kit, body armor and a drill set are in use at the Coast Guard. The BDU uniforms and cellular phones have reached the end of their useful life. One photocopier, two fireproof filing cabinets, one shredder, four cellular phones, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs, television, VCR, fax machine, digital camera and a filing cabinet are in use at the FIU and in good condition.
Marine Equipment-The NAS purchased one Zodiac H920 RHIB and five engines for the Coast Guard in 2003. The five engines are in good condition. The RHIB has experienced problems with one of the engines and has been sent for repair under warranty. The 733 RHIB is working well; the Boston Whaler is being refurbished. The radar and sirens remains in good condition.
Computer and Office Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased a server, two computers, a palm pilot and a laptop for the Drug Squad. Although the Drug Squad 's been able to account for their computers, two laptops and two printers, they have been unable to assess whether all the equipment is still working due to relocation of their offices as a result of the hurricane. In 2003, the NAS purchased a photocopier and three filing cabinets for the Police Drug Squad, one air conditioning unit for the Police Special Branch, two fireproof filing cabinets, i2 Analyst's Notebook, two laptops, and one shredder for the FIU. Two computers, two laptops, one projector, computer UPS system, shredder, fax machine, air conditioning unit and two printers at the Drug Squad are working well. One monitor is no longer working. One fax machine, four computers, two printers, one scanner, photocopier, cellular phones, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs and a filing cabinet are in good condition. One air conditioning unit installed in the building formerly occupied by the FIU is no longer required, but will be used by the Ministry of Works when it occupies the building. The air conditioning and computer purchased for the Grenada Magistrate's court are in good condition. Four computers, two printers and six air conditioning units are in good condition at police headquarters.
The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is in service. However, the Washington is no longer serviceable.
Regional Security System
Vehicles-The RSS C-26 program received an Isuzu double cab pickup in 2002. It is in good condition.
Aircraft-The RSS Airwing operates two C-26 maritime surveillance aircraft for the purpose of maritime drug interdiction surveillance. One is fully operational and the other is awaiting parts. In 2004, the NAS partially funded two new hangars to house the two C- 26 aircraft. Construction on both hangars is almost complete.
Marine equipment-The RSS Training Unit received a Zodiac 920B "Go Fast" RHIB in 2002 for training purposes. It is located at the training unit in Antigua and has sporadic engine problems.
Construction-The NAS refurbished the RSS Central Liaison Office's (CLO) dormitory and classroom, including construction of separate dormitory rooms with lockers, replacement of ceiling and lighting fixtures, installation of Venetian blinds, and installation of air conditioning units in the classroom.
Office Furniture and Equipment-In 2004, the NAS purchased a scanner, a laptop, and a projector for the Antigua Training Unit. The NAS purchased two laptops for the C-26 program, two projectors, two lecterns and fifteen lockers for the RSS in 2003. All are working well. Four computers, ten printers, two scanners and two laptops are in use at the RSS CLO. Air conditioners, a microfiche reader printer, laptop, desktop computer, two printers and two fax machines purchased for the C-26 program are in use at RSS CLO, the RSS Maritime Operations center, and the C-26 hanger.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The 16 survival vests, 16 life preservers, and 15 flight suits purchased for the C-26 program are in good condition. Flight suits, boots, gloves, pilot headsets, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, digital camera and camcorder are used daily by the C-26 staff. The chain saws, two tents, night vision goggles, rope binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE's, GPS receivers used for marijuana eradication operations are in good condition. Most of the riot gear, which is used for training, is in good condition; however, the riot shields need replacement.
Flares, flight suits, flight boots, pilot headsets, two refrigerators, two televisions, two VCR's, microwave oven, radio cassette, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, a digital camera, camcorder, cellular phones and hand-held radios are all in good condition and used by C-26 crewmembers. Mattresses, sheets, pillows, folding tables, folding chairs, a washing machine and dryer are in use at the RSS TU.
The Antigua Training Unit uses its shredder, ten filing cabinets, and 12 utility tables, 32 two classrooms chairs, lockers, lectern, washer, dryer, coffee table and one living room. The eight A/C units purchased for the C-26 hangers are brand new. The lockers, mattresses, folding tables, folding chairs, washing machine, dryer and 25-ton air conditioner condenser unit are all used daily by the RSS Training Unit. The C-26 support staff used daily the refrigerator, two televisions, two VCR's, TV stand, microwave oven, radio cassette, lawn mower, weed-wacker. The microfiche reader printer is no longer operational.
Skill and experience levels among the various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. Post targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time; however, subsequent turnover sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with it. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair.
INL assistance to the Eastern Caribbean ensures that law enforcement agencies are capable partners in regional counternarcotics and anti-money laundering efforts. The equipment provided by the NAS has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities. INL-funded training provides personnel with the necessary skills to carry out their mission and demonstrates the USG's counternarcotics commitment to the region, and to the United States.
The Police Service of the Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessel, "Blue Heron, seized by DEA and transferred to the Bermuda Police Service in 1996. Relations with the local police service in the area of law enforcement cooperation are excellent.
The vessel continues to conduct offshore patrols, paying attention to local and visiting craft. During 2004, the vessel was used as a platform during anti-narcotics missions. The vessel remains at sea for up to five days. Emphasis was placed on the surveillance of cruise ships and cargo vessels both inbound and outbound from Bermuda.
The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible.
The Narcotics Affairs Section's Program Assistant has primary responsibility for day-to-day monitoring of equipment and project activities. Other NAS staff, including Personal Service Contract (PSC) personnel, also participate in on-site inspections and share monitoring responsibilities. In addition, the Military Liaison Office (MLO), DEA, country office staff, Defense Attache Office, and the U.S. Marshall Service assist in monitoring of commodities and equipment donated to organizations and agencies that they are supporting. The Mission's law enforcement elements also participate in a quarterly program review with the Ministry of National Security (MNS) where issues of equipment use and maintenance are addressed. This review is hosted by the MSN one quarter and by the NAS the next quarter.
The 1996 Suzuki Swift is beyond economic repair and will be sold by public auction. The Ministry of Justice has removed this vehicle from its inventory. Both Mitsubishi 5-ton trucks (2004) are used in the JCF eradication program. Despite a minor accident, not attributable to JCF personnel, both vehicles are fully operational. The 1996 Mitsubishi and 1995 Isuzu trucks are unserviceable. The former will be repaired but an additional assessment is being done on the latter to determine whether it is economically viable to repair.
All other vehicles are operational and in serviceable condition and are being maintained with assistance from the USG when needed. The vehicles are used for surveillance, operational and administrative duties. As the vehicles get older, they get more expensive to operate; therefore, several of them must be evaluated in the coming year for replacement. The 2000 Mitsubishi L-300 is used to transport youth facilitators to inner city communities in rural and urban Jamaica. This vehicle has paid enormous dividends in reaching inner city youths who would not otherwise participate in demand reduction and drug awareness programs.
A Nissan Sport SUV and Rodeo SUV are used by the Jamaican Constabulary Force Fugitive Apprehension Team (JFAT) to transport JFAT team members and to visit expatriate law enforcement officials to track down information on fugitives and facilitate their extradition. The vehicles receive regular maintenance. The JFAT has been an outstanding success as the result of ongoing training and encouragement provided by the US Marshal's Service.
Seven vehicles are used by the Special Vetted Unit (SVU) for routine office and surveillance use. The vehicles are all mechanically sound and in good working order. They provide mobility and quick response for the Unit. The Unit works closely with the DEA Kingston Country Office in narcotics investigations throughout Jamaica.
Two 4WD vehicles were donated to the Ministry of National Security and Justice (MOJ) for general administration of justice programs. The Half Way Tree Night Court Division used one vehicle, which is in fair condition. The second vehicle is no longer in service. It will be disposed of at an auction by the MOJ.
All computer and photocopy equipment is in good working order and being used for its intended purpose. The NAS frequently makes unannounced visits to ensure proper use and maintenance as well as to counsel the organizations on the expected results by appropriate use of the equipment.
The nine portable radios, 16 cellular phones, 2 commercial radios, two Sony digital voice recorders are in good condition and used in the manner intended.
Field gear is being used in the interdiction, eradication, fugitive apprehension and intelligence projects. Although this equipment is used in the field throughout Jamaica, the end-users maintain excellent control of each item and ensure it is in serviceable condition and available for operations such as "buccaneer" and special operations undertaken by the JCF Vetted Unit.
The JCF Fugitive Apprehension Unit (FAT) has two Ion Track itemizer contraband detection systems, two GPS systems, one stationary and one portable FATS firearms training simulator. The itemizers have been very successful in deterring passengers from carrying narcotics, cutting the use of "drug mules" (passengers swallowing pellets of cocaine) by more than 60 percent.
The JCF Training Division operates the firearms training simulators. They are located at the JCF Twickenham Park Training Division and are used for initial and refresher training. To date, eight hundred police personnel have been trained on the stationary simulator. The portable simulator is being used on firing ranges throughout Jamaica.
The two mobile trailers donated to the Narcotics Police are located at Ken Jones Aerodrome and at Boscobel Aerodrome in Ocho Rios. The trailer in Ocho Rios is in need of repair. The second trailer at Ken Jones is in use and in fair condition with minor corrosion.
The JFAT has two megaphones, one camera, one photocopier, ten flashlights, one binoculars, one camcorder, ten tactical hoods, and one microcassette recorder. One of the tactical hoods, one megaphone, and one flashlight have not been located since last year and are presumed lost. However, all the other items are accounted for and in good working condition.
The Jamaican Immigration and Passport Office has one copier that is in good condition and used in support of investigations into passport/visa fraud and malfeasance. Jamaica Immigration and Passport Office personnel use the copier for general office duties as well as to provide copies of documents that are shared with consular anti-fraud officers.
The two Ion Track machines have been unserviceable for several months. The NAS sent both to the General Electric service department in Boston for repair. Once they are returned, their deployment will be reevaluated with the Jamaica Customs Service and Narcotics police assigned to Norman Manley International Airport.
Two digital cameras are used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to photograph seized items for use in court and by other investigative units. The cameras are in excellent condition and are in daily use for the purpose intended. The ten tool kits have suffered from normal wear and tear and should be replaced.
With the assistance of the NAS and the engineering skills of the Jamaica Defence Force Coast Guard, one fast Coastal Interceptor, one 82' cutter, two Sea Arks and one 30-ft Avance were repaired and are currently fully operational. Repairs should be completed on the remaining two Fast Interceptors later this year to make them operational. The JDF is seeking authorization to dispose of one 82-ft U.S. Coast Guard cutter transferred under EDA in 2000 due to its unserviceable/uneconomical to repair condition. All other vessels are either unserviceable or beyond economic repairs.
The JDF is a combined force that conducts joint anti-narcotics operations search and rescue, casual evacuation, border and fisheries protection. It also assists the Jamaica Constabulary Force and provides transportation of troops and general duties. The JDF uses and maintains all equipment donated by NAS.
Two hundred and sixty M-16 rifles were transferred under the provisions of the FY-1998 counter-narcotics Drawdown in 2002 under section 506 (A)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. The M-16 rifles are all accounted for. Forty-three are in the armory and the balance have been distributed to various units throughout Jamaica. The condition and availability of all weapons were personally verified by the NAS. The JCF maintains excellent custody and accountability of these M-16s. However, the weapons are not being fully utilized. The JCF Narcotics Division is considering using them in the eradication program to help provide security for the cutters.
When the Ion Scan machines were donated to the GOJ for use at NMIA, one was delivered to Jamaica Customs and the other to the airport police. Neither unit has used the machines consistently or effectively. As a consequence, very few arrests at NMIA can be attributed to the use of these machines. Post intends to negotiate new terms and conditions for redeploying the machines that hold the GOJ to a strict timetable and quantifiable results before reinstalling them. The Jamaica Immigration Service has not fully used the Border Security/Migration Management Entry/Exit system installed in November 2004. A lack of adequately trained personnel and a reluctance of some Immigration Officers to actually employ the system create opportunities for improperly documented persons to enter and exit Jamaica.
The equipment has enhanced the capacity of the FAT, JCF vetted unit, JDFGC and the CET to perform their duties by making them more proficient in achieving their respective mandates. Use of these tools in identifying, protecting and preserving evidence has played a role in the arrest of more than 20 fugitives. This resulted in the expulsion or extradition of at least 15 in 2004. Likewise the arrest of 12 major traffickers, including two Kingpins can directly be attributed to the equipment donations made over the post few years. The JDFCG has participated in several operations with JIATS/S, the USCG, and the British Navy. Their expeditious use of the training, materials and equipment provided resulted in several drug seizures during 2004. Vehicles donated to the GOJ law enforcement continue to give the units mobility and enhances response time. This has contributed to the excellent results in arrest of fugitives and kingpins wanted in the United States and in other countries.
The NAS performs the End Use of commodities year-round, conducting periodic inspections of vehicles, computers in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, Army, and Coast Guard personnel, working under Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), provided on-going reports on the status of equipment infrastructure at the helicopter bases in Andros, Exuma, and Great Inagua Islands. NAS personnel visit these remote facilities periodically to inspect facilities and equipment. The officials of the Bahamian Government fully cooperate with NAS on the End Use Monitoring process.
In 2004, the NAS procured two pickup trucks with towing capability to facilitate the use of fast response boats. The vehicles were transferred to the bases in Inagua and Exuma for use in OPBAT missions. A Landrover was provided to the Royal Turks and Caicos Police in 2004. Previously, vehicles were provided to the Royal Bahamas Police Force (RBDF) Drug Enforcement Unit (11), the RBDF Strike Force (4), the RBDF Canine Unit (1), and the NAS (1). The NAS has continued the monitoring of these vehicles.
As drug traffickers seek new says for moving their contraband, obtaining intelligence on their plans and methods has become even more crucial. In 2004, the NAS purchased an Ion scanner to assist law enforcement units efforts in conducting searches in concealed compartments. Bahamian officers continue to receive training in its use and maintenance. High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) offices in Nassau and Freeport. The NAS also provided training on the use and proper maintenance of this equipment to DEU officials. In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACADS) for the DEU office in Nassau.
NAS-donated computers, although aging, are being used by the DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory, the Police College, and Customs Department. The agencies do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment. The highly technical Office Network System donated in 2003 now communicates with Nassau and Freeport.
After the 2004 hurricane season, the NAS established an agreement with the manufacturer to provide maintenance and upgrades as needed.
The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.
The NAS terminated its canine program in Freeport in 2004. This small canine unit in one of the largest container ports in the hemisphere was unable to produce adequate results. The program ended by exchange of diplomatic notes. The remaining canines were donated to the local police canine program.
The three NAS-donated interceptor boats, two high performance, triple engine, diesel-powered Nor-tech and a 12-meter outboard motored Avenger continue to be used effectively in drug interdiction missions. The boats provide much needed "end game" capability for OPBAT helicopter pursuits. In 2004, the NAS funded necessary repairs to major engine damage suffered by all the boats due to their intense use under extremely harsh climatic and sea conditions. NAS funds were also used to support RBPF's efforts to refurbish and upgrade seized "go fast boats" that could supplement its small marine unit.
OPBAT structures are jointly used by USG personnel, Bahamain and Turks and Caicos law enforcement officers. The NAS is responsible for funding some of the maintenance and repairs at these sites, primarily those used by host nation personnel and those shared by all three nations, such as water supply, sewage treatment and pest control.
In 2004, the NAS funded, in part, the replacement of existing housing units in Inagua. The existing ones, originally installed in 1991, required continued repairs due to the harsh environment and damage caused by salt and tropical weather.
A continuous challenge faced in the Bahamas is the lack of funding law enforcement agencies. Lack of funding results in poorly equipped officers and hampers post's joint interdiction efforts. The lack of funding also affects authorities' ability to ensure upgrades for USG-donated equipment. The NAS has provided maintenance contracts and implemented use logs to ensure that high-priced commodities receive adequate maintenance and are in working order as needed. The NAS has also provided technical assistance in the form of training-the-trainer sessions to ensure that personnel know how to handle donated equipment. Post also continues to encourage the GOB to invest assets seized in its interdiction efforts back into the law enforcement agencies.
NAS donations continue to have a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. Without an adequate tax base, and many competing demands for limited resources, the Bahamas recognizes its dependence-upon NAS donations. There is a very close working relationship between Bahamian law enforcement officials and USG counterparts. Careful review and detailed planning goes into any request for equipment or supplies prior to its approval. NAS intelligence gathering and surveillance equipment made it possible for law enforcement to dismantle two Bahamian based drug trafficking organizations in 2004. The NAS will continue to work with the GCOB to review the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of all USG-funded programs.
PORT AU PRINCEProcedures
The NAS Director FSN inspects donated items as part of every visit to the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) and the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU). On-site monitoring is supplemented by field visits by the DEA, DAO, and Military Liaison Office, and other Embassy staff. Post requests official notice of any donated equipment slated for withdrawal from service and inspects such equipment prior to its removal from the inventory. Haitian cooperation has generally been good, but records, with the exception of the HCG, have not been kept. In addition, these procedures have been complicated by occasional periods of civil disturbance and violence, during which items and counterpart agency records have disappeared.
During 2004, the Embassy donated a pickup truck to the Coast Guard for transport between the Killick and Cap-Haitien bases. However, the vehicle was in a single vehicle rollover accident and is awaiting repair.
Computers at the FIU and Killick Coast Guard are functional. One non- functional computer at Cap-Haitien was stolen when the base was sacked in February 2004. The Joint Intelligence Command Center (JICC) equipment remains non-functional. It has not been repaired for replaced.
The HCG has three 40-foot MonArk patrol craft, of which one is functional; two 32-foot Ecuardono-type boats, of which one is functional; four 25-foot Boston Whalers, of which two are functional; and one non-functional 65-foot hull that needs to be rebuilt. Rough use contributes to continuous problems. Though HCG mechanics are inventive, repairs to the aging fleet are often beyond their capacity, causing a frequent drain on limited NAS funds. The HCG also has a decaying pier and an un-dredged harbor.
The Cap-Haitian Coast Guard based has been stripped of all removable fixtures, but the building is basically sound. The Embassy plans to repair and reopen the base in 2005. Repairs to the training pool at Killick Base are under way. A generator was provided for Killick. Ongoing repairs to the Police Academy buildings have made the academy useable for training new recruits.
Uniforms and Field Gear
Equipment recently issued to the Haitian National Police (HNP) and Coast Guard remains in place and is being used as intended.
No working dogs have been given to Haitian authorities. However, the DEA occasionally rents dogs for use at the Port-au-Prince airports.
Pistols (.38 revolvers) and long arms used in training are accounted for by serial number and are kept in an armory under the supervision of the HNP officers and American advisors.
All of the furniture, dishes, and other equipment at Cap-Haitian were looted during the rebel takeover of the city. All donations to the FIU and the special task force are functional and being used as intended. Defensive tactical equipment (shields, helmets, batons) was provided to the HNP.
Constant outbreaks of violence and civil disturbance make End Use Monitoring difficult. Records disappear during each change of command within HNP units, and commodities sometimes follow suit. Additionally, both Coast Guard bases suffered from looting during the period of violence in February and March of 2004. Trust remains an issue when dealing with Haitian counterparts. Though several corrupt former officials of the Aristide regime have been arrested, no one believes that corruption problems in Haiti are over. Corruption, security force inadequacies, and weak or nonexistent central control over the provinces, continue to allow contraband and people to move freely into and out of the country by air, sea, and land.
CIVPOL is beginning to play a more decisive role in restoring order, but the task of rebuilding the Haitian security forces is huge. Unpredictable but substantial repair expenses offset new counternarcotics funding, and limit new opportunities for new embassy law enforcement initiatives. Transportation within Haiti is difficult. It makes the counternarcotics and anti-crime missions difficult, even under normal circumstances. Political violence, increasingly directed against the police, continues to undermine any motivation on the part of law enforcement agents to operate with the public good in mind. Embassy personnel have been limited by security concerns in their ability to circulate and interact with counterparts, especially outside of Port-au-Prince.
INL provided USD 6 million in new funding during the year, most directed towards rebuilding the HNP, and anticipates additional funding in 2005. Post plans to continue intensive assistance to the HNP, the HCG, and the FIU, and to establish a new Special Investigative Unit to work with the DEA.
The positive impact of INL assistance in counternarcotics matters remains limited, in large part because of the violence and institutional deterioration that accompanied the change of government in early 2004. The DEA made several important arrests before and following Aristide's departure, but participation of counterparts in these successes was minimal. Embassy sources indicate that drug trafficking flows were back to normal a week after Aristide's departure. The HNP has a limited presence outside the capital, and with no air transport are unable to respond to intelligence of incoming and outgoing drug shipments. The Coast Guard lost their base on the north coast, while narco-traffickers infiltrated the leadership of several municipalities. Prisons are overcrowded and poorly controlled. The police and justice ministry are vigorously rebuilding their organizations with U.S. Government support. However, in effect, Haiti is now more lawless than it was a year ago.
PORT OF SPAIN
Resources provided to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) are monitored primarily through quarterly reports that detail the location, status, and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT letters. A Central Office in the Ministry of National Security produces these reports. In addition, the Embassy's Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs officers, political officers and the INL program assistant monitor the resources when visiting sites where the equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies have been generally cooperative in providing End Use Monitoring data, with encouragement from Embassy agencies.
The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. However, the long-term plan for the Cessna 172 is to return it to service for use as a training platform. The Cessna 310 was functioning through most of 2004; it was refitted and returned to T&T in January 2004 and now meets the safety standards.
One of the Navajos was in service for all of 2004, while the other has been down for time-expired propeller overhaul since February 2004.
One of the C-26 aircraft was in serviceable condition throughout 2004; the CG216 has been down since October 2004 due to unavailability of parts.
One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and was out of service the last half of 2002. MLO is preparing a letter to TTCG to determine if the vessel is salvageable. The second vessel was operational the first half of 2002; but had some repairs carried out on its engines during the second half of 2002. This vessel was brought back into service during 2003 and was functioning through most of 2004.
In 2004, one of the 82-ft island class patrol craft was outfitted with complete radar, and electronics package, reducers and converters. Parts were replaced as needed. The vessels are currently operational and frequently conduct patrols of the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad; the fourth vessel is headquartered in Tobago.
The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are operational and used in counternarcotics/law enforcement interdiction operations initiated by the Trinidad and Tobago Customs and Excise Division and in interagency operations.
Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2004. The engines on these craft have been overhauled. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.
The Nissan Bluebird is on the premises but is not serviceable. The four SUV's donated to the OCNU are no longer serviceable due to the inability to procure required parts. In addition, their bodies are not considered structurally sound because of corrosion. These vehicles were replaced in 2004 with four right-hand drive vehicles that were fully functional during the year.
U.S. Customs-Provided Radar
The six U.S. Customs-donated radars provide the GOTT with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. The system allows the JOCC, an interministerial agency, to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspected of narcotics trafficking. However, the limited operational status of the radar installations has hampered the efforts of JICC personnel. During 2004, a maximum of three and a minimum of two of the radar installations were fully functional.
The multimeter and scopemeter are used in maintaining the six radar installations.
Two of the computer workstations, donated in 1994, were not functioning throughout 2004, due to the JICC disconnecting to prepare for relocation. The third workstation is used for storage, collation, and analysis of data. The JICC regularly collects and transmits information concerning vessels and individuals suspected of narcotics trafficking to the El Paso Intelligence Center.
The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 became unserviceable and had to be replaced. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would otherwise be possible. The computers, electronic equipment, and safe were in use throughout the year with the exception of ten monitors, one printer, and a micro recorder.
Computers are being installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention Branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They will give the branch an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.
The 25 laptop computers and three desktop computers donated to the Board of Inland Review are fully functional. The attorneys and new criminal tax investigators use the equipment daily.
The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.
In 2000 and 2001, post provided the following computers and peripherals to the various departments within the Ministry of Public Security: 1 IMAC, 4 Dell inspirion laptop computers, 4 dell computers with monitors, 1 HP DeskJet printer, 2 Epson color printers, 1 Epson scanner. The following items were issued to the Drug Control Police (PCD): IMAC computer, 1 Dell Inspirion laptop, 4 Sony digital video cameras, 1 HP desktop printer. These items are being used at the PCD's field offices throughout the country. The Financial Crimes Unit has one Dell Inspirion laptop computer; the OIJ Narcotics Section has 4 Dell computers with monitors; the National Police Academy has 2 Dell Inspirion computers and 1 Epson scanner. All equipment is being properly maintained and used for its intended purpose.
In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics section.
Computers and other equipment were donated to the Intellectual Property Rights Office (IPR) in July 2004. One system was returned to the manufacturer; the item is still under warranty. The rest of the computers are fully functional and used by the staff of the IPO to assist in recording, monitoring and investigating Intellectual Property Rights Issues.
Computers and associated peripherals were installed at the Board of Inland Revenue. Criminal Investigation Unit members were trained on the equipment and in investigative techniques in early 2003. Legal and Enforcement training started in January 2004.
The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The Interpol radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.
The ten radios provided to the Interpol Liaison Office were in use throughout the quarter. All are in good condition. One battery did not hold a charge well and was replaced.
The six installed radars provide the Customs and Excise Division with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. The radar systems, via realtime feeds, allows the JOCC to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspect of narcotics trafficking, as well as vessels suspected of fisheries violations. However, the limited operational status of the radar installations has hampered the efforts of the JOCC personnel. There are only two operational radars. The U.S. donated radars have not markedly improved this situation because the components are not necessarily compatible with the GOTT radars. The GOTT has contracted to replace the six radars.
The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at an acceptable level.
The Multimeter and Scopemeter are used for maintaining the six radar installations.
The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations.
The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational during 2004. The Coast Guard and its special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and used throughout the year. The Data scopes, Infrared cameras, and aural enhancement units, were field tested after arriving early in the year and have been in use through the second half of 2003. Three handheld global positioning system receivers were fully functional and in use throughout 2004. None of the units required repairs in 2004.
The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.
The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth is not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout the year. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.
The Ion Scanner used by the Airport Authority was only minimally operational in 2004. The terminal was rewired in 2004; however, there still have been instances of power surges that damage sensitive equipment like the Ion Scanner.
The six Bushnell night scopes were in use and fully operational during 2004. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the scopes. They assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during night operations.
The 30 iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.
The Brush cutters have been serviced and are functioning at an acceptable level. All equipment is kept at OCNU headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The cutters were used extensively in 2004.
The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videotapes.
The global positioning units were used to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops during marijuana eradication operations conducted during 2004.Problems
Despite meeting with officials responsible for compiling data for the End Use Report, post continues to suffer delays in receiving the necessary reports from GOTT's counterparts. Some host government entities still do not have the required manpower to fully utilize the INL-funded services/commodities provided. The GOTT took steps in 2004 to ease their manpower shortage, and will continue this process in 2005.Impact
The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) conducted 52 patrols covering over 1,500 nautical miles resulting in 65 seizures/intercepts. The one operational Bowen G-Fast boat conducted 40 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-ft patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counternarcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering over 7,561 nautical miles.
The two C-26 aircraft conducted over 578 missions in 2004, amounting to 1412 flying hours, including training and counter-narcotics missions. However, a lack of reporting by the TTCG and TTCAW make it difficult to determine if the C-26 intelligence has been acted upon. The sensor/maintenance package has greatly enhanced the Air Wing's ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago. The C-26's maritime sensor capability enhanced the ability of surface assets to locate suspect craft.
The CRRC's conducted about 50 patrols covering over 2,000 nautical miles resulting in about 35 seizures. The one operational Bowen go-fast boat conducted more than 40 patrols, made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts, and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-foot patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counter-narcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering 7,561nautical miles.
The two 29 ft. Phantoms played a key role in monitoring the nation's coast and surrounding waters. During 2004, Customs officials conducted more than 200 counter drug/law enforcement patrols and frequently operated in conjunction with TTCG and other GOTT law enforcement agencies when performing those operations. Between January and December 2004, Customs participated in 40 land and 150 sea joint couunternarcotics /law enforcement operations. However, the operations of the Customs Marine Interdiction Unit (MIU) suffered some restrictions due to staff shortages. The GOTT will address this in 2005.
The GPU's were used to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops during marijuana eradication operations conducted during 2003. In November, this equipment assisted the TTCG and Customs Marine Interdiction Unit in interdicting a vessel loaded with marijuana and other contraband.
The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the destruction of more than 3 million fully grown marijuana plants and seedlings. The gloves were used to protect hands during fast roping descents into marijuana-growing areas. Boots, bulletproof vests, and leggings were particularly valuable defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers.
The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations, which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.
The previously developed tracking system of the laptop computer has greatly enhanced the GOTT's ability to monitor pleasure craft/cargo vessels in coastal waters thus making it easier to intercept suspect vessels. The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of GOTT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.
The NAS officer and the NAS assistant frequently visit the National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD) and National Drug Council (CND) for informal on-site inspections and spot checks on the status, condition, and use of equipment.
DNCD assets that have reached the end of their useful life are reported to the NAS, formally inspected by a NAS representative, and retired from DNCD inventory based on a letter of release from the NAS. DNCD, the National Drug Council (NDC), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banking provide annual inventories of all USG-donated equipment, including serial numbers, location, and condition.
DEA and U.S. military involved in law enforcement carry out informal monitoring during trips to remote sites. All embassy law enforcement personnel stress to counterparts their accountability for proper use and care of INL-donated equipment. In 2004, the NAS received excellent monitoring cooperation from the receiving GODR agencies and counterparts without exception.
All USG- donated vehicles and motorcycles are in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. A vehicle donated to the Bani shelter for victims of domestic violence gets limited use due to lack of funds for fuel. The NAS paid for routine maintenance for the Bani vehicle in 2004.
The NAS bought nine vehicles for use by the SIU vetted unit. Three Blazers purchased in 1993 are assigned to the DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo to support Special Investigations Team operations outside the capital. Three additional Blazers are detailed outside of the city. Four Toyota pickups, three Chevrolet SD-10 pickups, two Toyota 4-runner Jeeps, two 1994 Ford Metro minibuses, and seven Yamaha motorcycles are detailed outside of the city. Three Ford Metro minibuses, one Chevrolet minibus, three Chevrolet Blazers, and two Yamaha motorcycles are detailed for use in the city. The NAS provided a pickup truck for the shelter for battered women in Bani.
The NAS bought two used vehicles for use by a special National Police Unit operating in coordination with the FBI office at post.
Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The repeaters give radio communications coverage along the border with Haiti for use by the DOIF's and DNCD. Repeaters have been installed in Santiago and Santo Domingo and at the airports in Punta Cana, La Romana, and Santiago. Six NAS-donated repeaters were operating normally at year's end. Two mountaintop repeaters along the Haitian border were inoperative due to theft of their solar panels by persons unknown. The repeater at the Punta Cana airport was awaiting relocation due to new construction. Operational support to the DOIF's was terminated in late 2003 when the NAS determined that the primary purpose of those units, intelligence collection and reporting, was not being achieved in any useful manner. The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.
The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.
All computer equipment donated to the DNCD, CND, National Police, and Immigration is in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. In a few cases, e.g., in the CND Financial Investigations Unit (FIU), the equipment is not being used to its full potential due to GODR program deficiencies. Computers donated to the DOIF's remain mostly in non-operational condition. The border units have showed little interest in maintaining donated equipment. Computers recently donated to the J-2 are in excellent condition and being used for the intended purpose of improving communication between field units and headquarters.
Computer equipment includes 68 Dell computers, 31 LaserJet printers, and 14 modems. The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the FIU: 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer. The NAS purchased computer equipment for the newly established National Police Trafficking in Persons Investigation Unit and supplied racks for equipment previously provided.
The DOD provided a computer and modem to each DOIF in 2002 and for the new Caribbean Center for Drug Information.
Search and Rescue personal computer software was previously acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case. The Dominican Navy is using the software for search and rescue operations.
The Dominican Navy is in possession of 11 former U.S government-owned vessels. Five former Coast Guard cutters were transferred to the Dominican Navy under Section 516 Excess Defense Article programs. Three remain in operational condition and two are no longer in use. One landing craft and two small craft are operational. One craft is under repair. Two tugboats are no longer operational.
Of the six Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB's) acquired in 1994 to patrol the rivers and coasts near the ports, two remain in operational condition. One is operated by the Navy Commando Unit and the other is being used in the northwest part of the country to patrol the Seven Brothers keys on the Dominitian/Haitain border. In 2003, three outboard Zodiac RHIBs were provided to the Dominican Navy with NAS funds. All three boats are operational. One RHIB was damaged in 2004 while conducting operations during serious flooding in the northern part of the island, but the boat was subsequently repaired. One Zodiac is attached to a Navy vessel; one is attached to a tugboat; and the third is in use by the Navy Commando Unit.
Three 17-foot fiberglass harbor patrol craft were acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case in November 2003. All three are operational and performing harbor security functions in the ports of La Romana, Santo Domingo, and Rio Haina. The boats were inspected by the Coast Guard liaison officer in October 2003. One boat was attached to a 180-foot Navy vessel, and two were used for port security escort duty in Santo Domingo's harbor. Three 17-foot fiberglass harbor patrol craft were acquired through a FMF case in November 2003. All three are operational and are performing harbor security functions in the ports of La Romana, Santo Domingo, and Haina.
Six UH-1H helicopters were donated in 1994. Two remain operational after installation in 2003 of NAS-funded tail rotor gearboxes. In return, the NAS received a promise of airlift in case of need for border counternarcotics operations. The Air Force hopes to refurbish the four ground helicopters.
The DNCD drug-sniffing dog program has 29 dog-and-handler teams, including four dogs in Punta Cana, five in La Romana, and four in Santo Domingo. Thirteen dogs in Punta Cana at DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo need to be replaced due to age or poor quality of work. The majority of DNCD dogs and all five CESA bomb-sniffing dogs are in good health.
While no new dogs were added in 2004, the DNCD canine force continued to improve. DNCD drug-sniffing dogs detected drugs at the airports in Santo Domingo, Punta Cana, La Romana, and Santiago and also at the ferry terminal. The NAS sent two DNCD canine unit leaders to the Netherlands for advanced training at the National Police Agency Mounted Police and Canine Department. Plans are underway for further training and for the purchase of dogs for the airport in Puerto Plata. The NAS also plans to assist with the construction of a new main dog kennel facility in Santo Domingo.
The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 Brother fax machines, helmets, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, and electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002.
The NAS purchased and installed a new 35kv generator to help protect the increasingly complex Information Systems Unit from frequent power outages. The recently installed lightning rod system continued to control dangerous power surges during summer storms. Non-functional vehicles were formally inspected and removed from DNCD inventory.
The NAS continued to fund regular maintenance of generators and UPS equipment for the DNCD and for the Bani Center for victims of domestic violence.
Budget cuts have forced the NAS to focus on core programs, including DNCD support, National Police training facilities, and port security. In an effort to reinvigorate the DOIF's, the NAS will fund a Mobile Training Team (MTT) in intelligence collection and reporting during 2005. The NAS will also invest in drug use prevention and rehabilitation efforts of several NGO's and in public service campaigns to discourage illegal migration and trafficking of Dominicans.
Vehicles, vessels, and other complex equipment subject to rough treatment tend to suffer from systemic inattention to preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs. The Dominican Navy, having received delivery of six refurbished patrol craft and two newly constructed vessels, is unable to patrol them due to lack of fuel filters and other routine maintenance supplies. The problem originated when, responding to rising costs during extended contract negotiations, the Navy chose to save money by giving up the contractor's maintenance package, rather than reducing their procurement by one ship. The Navy's maintenance command has been re-established but the base at Las Calderas, intended site of the reconstituted maintenance school, lacks necessary equipment, parts, and training. INL budget projections offer little hope of near-term relief, but part of the requirement may be supplied from U.S. military sources.
The biggest problem to overcome in the battle against Dominican Republic based drug trafficking, international crime, and potential terrorist support is endemic corruption. Law enforcement agents and military enlisted are paid so poorly that petty corruption is a virtual necessity to feed and clothe a family. Greedy superiors issue requirements for monthly contributions from officials charged with duties in ports, airports, and other potentially lucrative assignments. The business and social norm is that one pays bribes for normal government services and bigger bribes for special favors. Among perpetrators of this systemic corruption is the judicial system, which has a poor record of prosecuting sound cases and of convicting criminals. Establishment of a new norm of public service without bribery and favoritism is a prerequisite for any real progress in strengthening the judicial and law enforcement systems. This effort will rank high on the Embassy's priority list for many years to come.
DNCD effectiveness in counternarcotics affairs is almost completely attributable to equipment, training, and close support provided by DEA and the NAS over several years. The NAS is attempting to cement the same relationship with the National Police, CESA, the National Drug Council, and the Banking Superintendency. Other agencies of Embassy's law enforcement community are working with Customs, Immigration, the National Investigation Department (FBI equalivent) and military agencies with law enforcement powers including the port and airport police. The Dominican Republic appears on the Majors list for both drug transit and money laundering. Numerous international trafficking rings are controlled by Dominicans. Continued law enforcement cooperation with the GODR is vital to avoid ceding the battlefield to smart, well-organized delinquent gangs and their corrupted hencemen in official positions.