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Diplomacy in Action

Southeast Asia and the Pacific


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 2005
Report
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BANGKOK

Procedures

The NAS conducted End Use Monitoring site visits and physically inspected USG-funded commodities in major locations with the Judicial Technical Police (RTG) representatives from the relevant agencies, i.e., the Department of Technical and Economic Cooperation (DTEC), the Office of the National Control Board (ONCB), and the Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau (PNSB).

During the 2004 EUM inspection period, joint USG/RTG teams made five trips to all five major regions of the country to physically inspect commodities. Inspections in the Bangkok metropolitan area were carried out in August and September. To facilitate the End Use Monitoring process, units located in small and remote locations forwarded inventory forms to their regional command unit. The forms were then inspected by USG/RTG teams. This process was limited to only a few, small and isolated units, holding limited quantities of monitorable commodities. Counterpart agencies were generally cooperative and responsive in implementing these procedures. EUM reporting responsibilities for commodities located at the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) and the DEA sensitive units reside with ILEA and DEA.

NAS Bangkok's EUM procedures for CY-2004 resulted in a verification rate of 88 percent. A total of 158 end-user sites (not including SIU's or ILEA's) were visited by the NAS staff. Survey teams physically inspected 2,407 of 2,725 non-expendable commodity items accounted for in this report. Based on these inspections, inventory verifications and other information available to post, the NAS knows of no instance in which monitorable INC-funded commodities were not dedicated to support of the RTG activities against the abuse, trafficking and production of illicit drugs to which they were assigned. A total of ten end-user sites were visited by DEA managers and NAS staff.

Survey teams physically inspected 755 non-expendable commodity items accounted for in this report. The NAS and DEA continue efforts to locate items provided to PNSB from post's 2003 inventory. Three such items were located and returned to inventory in CY-2004.

Status

At most units, the commodities provided are under the responsibility of the end-user unit chief as governed by RTG property regulations, with an officer assigned to maintain records.

Communications Equipment

Communications equipment consisting of UHF/FM base stations transceivers (20), UHF/FM handheld transceivers (34), mobile telephones (31), and UHF DVP mobile transceivers (18) supported the Narcotics Law Enforcement Project. Motorola hand-held radios (138) and mobile car radios (22) supported the Special Investigative Units. All equipment is in good condition.

Computer Equipment

Five PC's, seven computer printers, and computer software were provided to the Crop Control Project; 329 PC's, 320 computer printers/plotters and computer software were provided to the RTG agencies. Thirty-two PC's and 61 printers/plotters were provided to the Demand Reduction Project. Eleven PC's and 16 printers/plotters were provided the ILEA. Ten PC's and five printers/plotters were provided to the DEA Special Unit.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Cameras, photocopiers, video cameras, fax machines, televisions, power generator night vision devices, typewriters, tape recorders, overhead projectors, paper shredders, slide projectors, and other electronic equipment were provided by the NAS to support narcotics Crop Control, Demand Reduction, and Law Enforcement Projects. Most of the equipment is in good condition, except for the power generator, electric typewriter, mobile phones and audio tape recorders which are in fair to poor condition.

The following items were found missing from the PNSB: two laptop computers, night visions goggles; two color printers, digital camera, and two transmitter/receivers. Three of the items were located.

Helicopters

During the period 1974-1979, the USG supplied seven Bell 205A (1712, 1713, 1716, 1717, 1718, 1719, and 1720), and two Bell 206L (2401 and 1402). Number 1719 was destroyed in 1981. Numbers 1713, 1718, and 1720 are grounded at the Police Aviation Wing in Bangkok. Numbers 2401, 1402, and 1716 are being used by the Police Narcotics Suppression Bureau in Bangkok. Numbers 1712 and 1717 are being used at ONCB in support of RTG opium crop surveillance and crop eradication programs in northern Thailand. Most rotary airlift capability for support of the eradication program is now provided by the Royal Thai Army Third Region Command.

Vehicles

During 2002, DTEC and counterpart agencies made a significant effort to identify unserviceable or overage motor vehicles; delete them from project inventories; sell items for what they could bring; or junk them. All proceeds from such sales were returned to DTEC, which employs such proceeds in implementation of drug and crime control project activities being supported by the NAS due to the continuing shrinkage in the overall size of the INL program in Thailand.

The NAS and counterparts inspected 49 motorcycles, 13 pickup trucks, 19 sedans, 1 land cruiser, 1 station wagon and 4 vans. All vehicles remaining on inventory that were inspected were found to be in good condition. No significant problems were noted in the End Use Monitoring of motor vehicles. Six sedans, 1 station wagon, and 1 van were assigned to the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) in Bangkok. All are in good condition.

The following vehicles have been assigned to the GOT units: 6 motorcycles to Provincial Police Chiang Rai; 6 motorcycles to Provincial Police Mae Hong Song; 2 motorcycles to Provincial Police Payao; 3 motorcycles to Provincial Police Lam Pang; 2 motorcycles to Provincial Police Phrae; 2 motorcycles to Provincial Police Nan; 1 motorcycle to RTG Chiang Mai; 3 motorcycles to PNSB Phuket; 1 motorcycle to PNSB Pattaya; 1 motorcycle to RTA Phitsanulokle; 10 motorcycles to PNSB Bangkok; 2 pickups to RTA Chiang Mai; 1 pickup to Chiang Mai University; 1 pickup to RTA Phayao; 1 pickup to RTG Mae Hong Son; 4 pickups to RTG Phitsanulike; 1 pickup to PNSB Ayudhaya; 1 pickup to PNSB Hat Yai; 1 pickup to PNSB Udorn; 1 pickup to PNSB Ubon Ratchathani; 1 pickup to RTA Nakorn Sawan; 1 pickup to Klongphai Prison; 1 pickup to headquarters ONCB Bangkok; 15 pickups to headquarters PNSB Bangkok; 2 pickups to Royal Project Foundation Chiang Mai; 1 sedan to Royal Project Foundation Chiang Mai; 1 sedan to PNSB Samut Sakhon; 1 sedan to ONCB Tung Song Hong Bangkok; 2 sedans to headquarters ONCB Bangkok; 13 sedans to headquarters PNSB Bangkok; 1 sedan to ONCB Chiang Mai; 1 Landcruiser to headquarters PNSB Bangkok; 1 station wagon to Child Rights Center Chiang Mai; 3 vans to headquarters ONCB Bangkok; 1 van to headquarters PNSB Bangkok.

Due to shrinkage in the overall size of the INL program in Thailand, as well as continuing evolution from commodity-heavy traditional crop control and drug law enforcement toward training and technical assistance in crime control and the criminal justice sector, replacement of vehicles has not generally been provided. During 2003, this process continued with the deletion of 85 motorcycles and four pickup trucks from the EUM inventory.

Twenty-nine motorcycles, 34 pickup trucks, 16 sedans, 7 SUV's and 4 vans were used in support of the Special Investigative Units (SIU's). Many of the vehicles have already exceeded 100,000 miles of use.

Defense Articles

In November 2003, the U.S. military donated 250 M4 carbines, with associated parts and support equipment, to the Border Patrol Police (BPP). In Chiang Mai, an interagency Intelligence Fusions Center (IIFC) was completed, including delivery and installation of a significant amount of data processing and communications equipment. FMF grant funds appropriated for 2002 were allocated to enhance the effectiveness of the BPP and to enhance the capabilities of all RTG agencies with counternarcotics missions in the northern region that participates in the IIFC.

Construction

A counternarcotics maritime training center in Sattahip for use by the Royal Thai Navy Special Warfare Group and Royal Thai Border Police was completed on June 1, 2004.

Problems

During inventories conducted by the Royal Thai Marine Police in Samut Praharn Province, a total of 15 items were discovered to be missing. The NAS staff informed the Royal Thai Marine Police. The NAS Director wrote to the commander of the Marine Police and the Director General of TICA to advise of the problem. The NAS subsequently verified that the commodities had been returned. The NAS and DEA continue to work with Thai Government agencies to try and locate the other missing items. During inventories in 2004, no additional equipment was unaccounted for.

Impact

The overall impact of the Thai Government programs has been considerable and positive in all respects. The Thai opium poppy reduction program is one of the most effective in the world. USG assistance has been critical to attaining the crop control strategic success. Effective RTG drug law enforcement efforts have resulted in significant identified diversion of illicit international movements. Illicit drug production, trafficking and abuse remain a substantial problem in Thailand and the Thai criminal justice sector remains in need of continuing technical and material assistance to respond to the growing new challenges of terrorism, money laundering and other transnational and organized crime.

JAKARTA

Procedures

The DEA Singapore /Indonesia country office conducted an on-site inspection of the equipment transferred to the Indonesian Police (INP). All inspections were conducted at the Indonesian National Police headquarters (INP/Narkoba) in Jakarta and other police facilities.

Status

Vehicles

Three Toyota automobiles and six Honda motorcycles were provided to the INP Narcotics and Drugs Criminal Investigation Unit in June 2001. Four Toyota automobiles and 25 Suzuki motorcycles were transferred in 2003. The vehicles are being used in various INP/Narkoba jurisdictions throughout Indonesia. It has been determined that the Indonesian National Police are using the vehicles to its fullest potential. To date, there have been no problems with the vehicles. The INP is maintaining the vehicles and performing all vehicle repairs.

Communications equipment

Thirty-five (35) Motorola GP338 radio units were provided to the INP Narcotics and Drugs Criminal Investigation Unit in June 2001. They are being used by the INP officers in the field.

Impact

The equipment continues to assist the INP with their counternarcotics efforts in Indonesia. There are no problems with the use of this equipment.

KUALA LUMPUR

Procedures

Post has provided no assistance to the Government of Malaysia since 1966 due to Malaysia's refusal to sign a letter of agreement with INL.

Status

The Motorola repeater station for Royal Malaysia Customs and Excise (RMCE) was used at Subang Airport for several years. It has now been dismantled and is no longer in use. RMCE has no plans to use the station in the future and has erected its own new repeater station as a replacement.

VIENTIANE

Procedures

Inspections of INL-provided equipment and INL-funded construction projects were conducted during field trips to projects throughout the year. The NAS used these visits to discuss maintenance problems and to insure that INL-funded commodities are being used properly and are contributing to the overall success of the projects. Lao counterparts have made all INL-provided equipment available for inspection.

Status

Vehicles

Vehicles are used for hauling supplies and providing transportation in direct support of project activities. Vehicles are used strictly for project activities.

One vehicle is based in Vientiane; three in Bountai; and one pickup truck was transferred to the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Phongsaly province; one motorcycle is in Vientiane; one in Samphan; and nine in Bountai Office; six motorcycles are in Muang Ngoy and Viengeham offices. Eighteen motorcycles are with the provincial committee for Drug Control (Luang Prabang, Oudomxay, Phongsaly, Bolikhamxay, Xayabour and Houaphan).

One Toyota Hilux single cab pickup; one Toyota Hilux double cab pickup, two Landcruisers, and 22 motorcycles are used by the Drug Control Department; three motorcycles, two Toyota pickup trucks, and one Isuzu Trooper are used by the Lao National Commission for Drug Control and Supervision; two double cab pickups and nine motorcycles are used by the Savannakhet Counternarcotics Unit; one double cab pickup and two Yamaha motorcycles are used by the Bokeo Counternarcotics Unit; one pickup truck and six motorcycles are used by the Oudomxay Counternarcotics Unit; one pickup truck and six motorcycles are used by the Houaphan Counternarcotics Office; one pickup truck and six motorcycles are used by the Phongsaly Counternarcotics Office; three Hilux double cab pickup trucks and four motorcycles are used by the Narcotics Customs Unit; one Hilux pickup truck and five motorcycles are used by the Champasack Counternarcotics Office; one Hilux double cab pickup truck and six motorcycles are used by the Xayaboury Counternarcotics Office; three Honda motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Phongsaly; three motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Oudomxay; three motorcycles are used by the Provincial committee for Drug Control, Houaphan; three motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Luang Prabang; three motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Xayaboury, and three motorcycles are used by the Provincial Committee for Drug Control, Bolikhamxay .

All are in good condition and well maintained. A full-time mechanic controls the project motor pool operation and maintenance. Vehicles are used strictly for project activities.

Communications Equipment

In the Lao-American project, the Motorola base stations provide communications between Vientiane and the project offices in Phongsaly Province. The mobile radios allow for communication between the project area staff and the district offices. All equipment is dedicated to the Anti-Narcotics Crop Control Project with little opportunity for diversion.

Two HF-SSB radios, three VHF-FM mobile radios, ten handheld are used by the Savannakhet counternarcotics Office. Two HF-SSB radios and two VHF FM radios are used by the Oudomxay Counternarcotics Office. Eighteen hand-held radios, one HF-SSB base station and two VHF-FM base stations are used by the Xayaboury Counternarcotics Office. One HF SSB radio, two VHF FM radios, and 20 hand-held transceivers are used by the Champasack Counternarcotics Office. Two HF SSB radios, two VHF FM radios, and 20 hand-held transceivers are used by the Phongsaly Counternarcotics Office. One HF SSB radio, two VHF FM radios, and twelve handheld radios are used by the Houaphan Counternarcotics Office. Twelve handheld radios are used by the Vientiane Municipality Counternarcotics Office; one HF SSB radio and two VHF FM radios, and 20 handheld transceivers are used by the Luang Prabang Counternarcotics Office. One HF-SSB radio, five VHF-FM radios, and 55 hand-held transceivers are used by the Drug Control Department.

Radio maintenance and repairs were performed either by the U.S. owned distributor of Motorola equipment or by the Ministry of Interior technical staff sent to the CNO's.

Computer Equipment

Most commodities were purchased prior to CY-2003. Two Gateway 2000 were purchased in CY-1997; three Dell computers and one laptop computer were purchased in CY-2001; four Notebook computers were purchased in CY-2004 (NAS office); six Dell computers replaced old Gateway and Compaq computers.

All items are in good condition. Five computers are used full time in the Vientiane project office for project management purposes. Four CPU's and monitors are located at the Lao National Committee for Drug Control and Supervision. A Gateway 2000 computer and LaserJet printer are located at each of the following offices: Savannakhet, Department of Customs/Narcotics Unit, Ministry of Finance, Champasack Counternarcotics Office, Phongsaly Counternarcotics Office, Houaphan Counternarcotics Office, Luang Prabang Counternarcotics Office, and Oudomxay Offices.

Computers need constant maintenance and repair. Since computer service in the provinces is irregular, such computers must be brought into Vientiane for service. Moreover, the supply of electricity in some areas is unreliable. So post is very reliant on generators. The NAS keeps careful inventory of the whereabouts of all computer components at all times.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Fax machines, VCR's, binoculars, cameras, television monitors, cassette recorders, and copy machines are used throughout the projects. They are all in good condition. Copy machines need maintenance and repair regularly in some northern provinces, where the electrical supply is not stable.

Problems

Maintenance of equipment, especially computers and copiers require constant monitoring. The NAS has urged on numerous occasions that counterparts immediately report problems with equipment and installations both during and between inspection visits.

Due to budget restraints, post is in the process of revising the law enforcement program. Post will ensure that whatever new office equipment is provided to provincial counternarcotics includes a maintenance contract.

Impact

USG funding and commodities remain the keys to project success in Laos. As one of the world's poorest countries, Laos has virtually no funding available for counternarcotics activities and would be unable to actively pursue counternarcotics goals without foreign donor support. The Lao government continues to seek such support. The U.S. is the largest donor in the counternarcotics area, both via the bilateral projects and through UNODC projects.



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