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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Africa


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 2005
Report
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ACCRA

Procedures

Post has received signed statements from the Executive Secretary of the Ghanaian Narcotics Board (NCB) acknowledging receipt and proper use of the items. The NCB provides an annual report on the status of all equipment provided by USG with INL funds. The NCB report, together with on-site visits by the Political Officer, is the basis for this report.

The NCB has been highly cooperative in the effort to document how equipment has been used and maintained, and has been forthcoming with information about the impact USG support has had on counternarcotics efforts in Ghana.

Status

Communications Equipment

Post distributed a mobile cellular transmitter and a voice stress analyzer to the NCB in calendar year 2002. The items are performing according to specifications. The cellular transmitter is carried by various undercover narcotics agents. The stress analyzer is employed in an interrogation room at NCB headquarters. Three computers and one server are also in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Two Ion Itemizers, sample traps, and calibration traps were provided to the NCB for detection of illegal substances at the airport. One Itemizer is in regular use at Kotoba International Airport and the second itemizer is maintained at NCB headquarters for emergency deployment. The second itemizer was recently repaired under warranty.

One gym bag covert video system was provided to the NCB for use with counter-narcotics investigations. The gym bag is housed at NCB headquarters. One KIA van modified with surveillance equipment was provided to the NCB for use with counternarcotics investigations. Six Samsung cellular phones were provided to the NCB for improvement of communications within the organization. Two steel cabinets with safe tops, 15 tactical vests, 10 standard handcuffs, 2 Minolta binocular sets, one projector, and one laptop computer, one voltage stabilizer, two investigators' kits, one Panasonic video cameras, and one digital camera are still in use by the NCB.

Vehicles

Two Suzuki motorcycles and eight crash helmets were provided to the NCB in 2003 to facilitate the general functions of and expeditious response by the NCB in its counternarcotics efforts. Four additional motorcycles and one motorbike were donated in 2004. All are in use.

Impact

NCB officials have consistently demonstrated a capability to use the equipment. Post foresees significant impact on the NCB's operational and training activities with the provision of motorcycles, tactical vests, handcuffs, computer and other equipment. The NCB reported an increase in drug busts and seizures in 2004. The additional motorbikes, vests, and handcuffs have boosted their investigative and arrest capacity.

ADDIS ABABA

Procedures

The Political Section works with USAID in providing oversight of project funds. USAID made two site visits during 2004 to monitor activities. The Good Samaritan Center submitted activity reports in 2004. Post is satisfied with the combination of its site visits and activity report from the center, as well as with the level of cooperation from the Ministry of Health.

Status

A total of $50,000 was given through the U.N. fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) to the Good Samaritan Center to initiate a rape crisis intervention center in Addis Ababa. It will be used to provide direct services to sexual assault victims. Part of the funding was used to conduct a baseline study of the city. The baseline study revealed the limitations of the local police capabilities in dealing with victims of sexual assault. Local police do not have a forensic laboratory. The Good Samaritan Center redirected its focus from initially one of providing direct services to sexual assault victims to providing training to rape crisis counselors.

Problems

A 2001 external audit of the rape crisis intervention center by a local auditing firm documented instances of financial improprieties and lax accounting practices. However, the audit report did not indicate any evidence of theft or fraud. A representative from USAID's Office of Financial Management has counseled the management on shoring up its management deficiencies and instituting tougher financial oversight controls.

Program Changes

The Good Samaritan Center has expressed interest in expanding its services to include counseling to women on breast cancer and on dealing with handicapped and AIDs-infected children. However, it realized it must proceed slowly until it can demonstrate success with the rape crisis center.

Impact

The rape crisis intervention project has had success in instilling a culture of awareness in primary care providers of the needs of sexual assault victims.

COTONOU

Procedures

The post narcotics officer visited the police station on several occasions during the past year. The Government of Benin (GOB) provides periodic reports on the use of all commodities.

Status

Fifteen Motorola Visar radios were distributed to the Benineese National Drug Interdiction Office and various Antidrug squads. The radios are currently being used and maintained properly.

Post received two itemizer chemical detectors for installation at the international airport in Cotonou to assist security-screening personnel. Post has obtained names of the GOB personnel who will use the itemizers, pending INL training.

Impact

The resources have been used extensively daily. The resources have significantly contributed to the GOB antinarcotics mission.

LAGOS

Procedures

During 2004, the INL staff in Lagos visited all agencies and places where the donated equipment was located. All of the donated equipment was under the constant supervision of the administrative clerk in the office in Lagos and the program assistant.

The Regional Narcotics and Law Enforcement Officer and, in this absence, the acting RNLEC, met frequently with the law enforcement agencies to assess the achievement of the agencies and to what extent the donated equipment contributes to the achievements. In November and December 2004, the administrative clerk carried out a general inventory of the equipment.

Status

There was no reported misuse of donated equipment in 2004. The INL staff enjoys a cordial relationship with the Nigerian Government Agencies. The agencies have tried to maintain the equipment to the best of their ability. The few items that are not operating are beyond repair.

Communications Equipment

The 40 Motorola base stations and 340 radios donated to the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) are in use and in excellent condition.

Computer Equipment

During 2003, post provided 25 computers, seven printers, and one server for a Research Center at the NDLEA Training Academy. They also provided two laptop computers, two power point projectors, two printers and one overhead projector to the NPF to support the Police Modernization Project. All are in use and in excellent condition.

The Nigeria police INTERPOL unit received two desktop PC systems and two HP 1200 Laser Jet printers. One of the computers is not working. The EFCC received two Compaq laptops. The Special Fraud Section of the Nigeria Police received two Compaq Pentium computers. All are in perfect condition and in use.

Vehicles

Twelve Honda CG-125 motorcycles were provided to the NDLEA in 1999. They have been distributed to the field. Four Toyota Hilus pickup trucks and two Toyota Hiace Minibuses were provided in prior years. The INTERPOL received one Toyota Hilux pickup truck and one Toyota Condor van. A Toyota Double Cabin and a Toyota Condor wagon were donated to the Special Fraud Unit of the Nigeria Police Force.

All vehicles appear to be in good condition and in constant use. Any repairs needed have been done by the government of Nigeria (GON). Vehicles are located at INTERPOL, SFU, JOS Academy, Lagos HQS of NDLEA, the airport in Lagos, and Apapa zone and Tincan Island.

Miscellaneous Equipment

During 2003, post provided a digital medical X-ray machine for use by NDLEA at the Lagos International Airport and an AFIX Tractor (fingerprint machine) for the NPF Special Fraud Unit. The AFIX tractor is scheduled to be moved from the Special Fraud Unit to the Central Registry Unit whose primary duty is to record and store fingerprints and crime statistics. The X-ray machine which became operable in September 2003 is being very well maintained and used on a daily basis by the airport command of the NDLEA in Lagos.

The following non-expendable commodities were received by NDLEA in prior years: file cabinets (6); desks (2); leather chairs (2); RICOH fax machines (2); ICOM radio chargers (12); Wang printer (1); ICOM radios (3); Optiquest UPS (3); sharp photocopy machine (1); Sanyo split air conditioners (4); video machines (4); Sharp multi-system TV (1); Panasonic TV (1); Sony handicam (1); Panasonic Camcorder (1); microcassette tape recorders (5); answering machines (2); Panasonic telephones (10); voltage regulators (4); Honda motorcycles (12), itemizers (4).

The following non-expendable commodities were received by the National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Persons (NAPTIP): CPU (5); flat screen monitor (5); NEC projector (1); Panasonic copier (1); projector screen (1); Smart UPS (3); Sony Cyber-Shot digital camera (1); Sony laptops (3); LG-VCR+DVD player (1); Sony Wega television (1).

The following equipment was given to the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC): HP Laser jet 4200N printer (1); NEC projector (1); Elton P420 plastic card printer (1); Sony Cyber shot digital camera (1).

The following equipment was donated to INTERPOL: Gubabi fireproof file cabins (4); Panasonic fax machine (1); AVC 650 VA UPS (2); and generator (1).

Impact

The NDLEA has continued to use the donated equipment to arrest drug traffickers at the airports where the equipment was installed. In 2004, more than 200 kilograms of heroin and cocaine were seized at the Murtala Mohamed Airport in Lagos. .

LUSAKA

Procedures

The Drug Enforcement Commission (DEC) provided reports on the resources provided. They were very cooperative.

Status

Twenty-four (24) drug identification kits were provided to the Zambian Drug Enforcement Commission in 2000. Fifteen of the kits were delivered to DEC field offices outside Lusaka; the remainder were used by investigators in the capital. All but one of the kits in Lusaka has been completely used up. The kits in outlying areas have not been used as extensively because officers in those areas typically encountered only cannabis.

Impact

The kits have made an important difference in DEC operations. The kits have made screening in the field more effective, with the result that the central laboratory is no longer burdened with frequent testing of often innocuous substances. As a result of field testing, there is no longer a need to detain suspects for three or four days while investigators wait for the lab results from Lusaka. Investigators are able to spend more time on substantive cases.

NAIROBI

Procedures

Computers were provided to the Anti-Narcotics Unit (ANU). The ANU provides post a report summarizing the location and condition of the equipment. The ANU provides ready access to the equipment upon request. Post will continue to inspect the equipment, as feasible.

Status

The ten computers donated to the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) have not been exclusively used by the ANU. The Criminal Investigations Division has controlled their dissemination and placement within KPS. The KPS reports that eight of the ten computers require repair.

Problems

Turnover within KPS has significantly hampered post's provision of assistance. Recent corruption concerns give further reason for pause. Reform efforts underway should bolster KPS efforts to professionalize the force, thereby enhancing and extending post's assistance.

Program Changes

Post is in the process of working with the Government of Kenya, DEA Pretoria, and KPS to more effectively identify ways of programming ANU funding. Reform efforts underway spearheaded by the Commissioner of Police and CID director and augmented by upcoming programming such as the INL-funded ICITAP general investigative skills training, should bolster KPS efforts to professionalize, thereby enhancing and extending post's assistance.

Impact

Given the challenges faced by the police in Kenya, these computers enable many ANU offices, particularly in more remote parts of the country, to store and share information much easier than in the past. While many of the offices are unable to establish internet connectivity due to poor telecommunications infrastructure, the presence of modern computer equipment prepares these officers for such a connection when it becomes available.

The Regional Operational Narcotics conference remains an excellent tool for regional information-sharing and has significantly bolstered cross-border counternarcotics operations between Tanzania and Kenya.

PRETORIA

Procedures

During 2004, the Embassy's Narcotics and Law Enforcement Officer (NLEO) staff and the U.S. Secret Service (USSS) inspected the equipment provided to the South African Government.

Status

Communications Equipment

The Special Investigative Unit (SIU) received a PABX system in 2004. The system provides voice over IP via its WAN system. The PABX system covers SIU's operations in East London, Pretoria, Durban, Nelspruit, Umtata and Capetown. The operations include investigation of fraud, corruption, and mismanagement of state assets and monies.

Computer Equipment

The South African Police Service (SAPS) and the police services from Swaziland, Tanzania, Kenya, Zambia, Uganda and Ghana were provided with computer equipment in 2004. The SAPS was given25 scanners, 10 laptops, 22 forensic computers, 43 printers, 4 Iomega CD-external drives, 10 palms, 21 external hard drives, 4 mouse and keyboards and 2 AXIZ microchips, as well as a DNA Analyzer. The Kenya Police were provided 2 forensic tool kits, two 200 GB hard drives, 1 Microscope and 2 printers. The Tanzania Police were provided 1 forensic tool kit, 1 200 GB hard drive, and one printer. The Swaziland and Uganda police each received one microscope.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The SIU received the following office furniture for their new national office in Pretoria: 68 desks, 11 conference tables, 32 steel filing cabinets, 27 steel lockable cupboards, fifty-eight 5 tier book shelves, 3 hat & coat stands, 4 four legged visitor chairs, 42 high back chairs, 33 pedestal file drawers, 15 high back chairs, 14 mid-back chairs, 13 workstations, 1 boardroom table, 90 stacker chairs, 1 lectern, 2 reception desks, 2 single seater waiting chairs, 2 double seater waiting chairs, and 2 coffee tables.

The following equipment was provided to the SAPS and Scorpions for Financial Crimes and Forensic Training: 5 video recorders, 8 cassette recorders, 7 projectors, 1 DVD player, 4 cell phones, 76 flashlights, 2 laminators, 4 microscopes, 4 VHS tape duplicators, 2 shredders, 10 Motorola radios, 10 Motorola batteries, 10 Motorola desktop chargers, 1 forensic tool kit, 91 cameras and 6 thumb drives.

In 2003, the Johannesburg Metropolitan Police Department (JMPD) was given 299 Breath Analyzers, 1 projector, 1 external mouse, VHS player/recorder, and a 27 inch TV. INL helped JMPD finance a new training academy. The Swaziland Police were given 50 back packs sprayers for use in drug eradication.

In 2000, the SAPS was given 1 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer. 1 gas chromatographer, 1 high pressure liquid chromatographer and 52 copies of Analyst notebook software. The Center for Crime Prevention Studies, Rhodes University was given 1 Asus laptop, 2 17 inch LCD flat screen monitors, 1 firewall, 3 dual Pentium III 800 MHZ PC's, 1 scanner and one server/high end work station.

Impact

The need for SIU corruption investigations has been recognized by the South African Government departments at all levels. The equipment provided by INL has enabled crucial information to be extracted from computers that are seized in the course of investigations. Some forensic equipment is being used for investigation of cases from all over the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Prior to receiving the Breath Analyzers from the USG, JMPD had only a handful of this equipment. The Breath Analyzers have been in constant use. The JMPD has found an authorized dealer in South Africa to service the equipment and to supply replacement mouthpieces. The VHS player/recorder, 27-inch TV, projector and mouse are used for training purposes. The ICITAP technical adviser to the JMPD also uses these items.

All municipal police agencies as well as SAPS will profit form training at the new academy.

YAOUNDE

Procedures

The U.S. Government and the Government of Cameroon (GRC) signed a bilateral anti-narcotics agreement in 1992. Post presented three safes and three scales in 1997 to Cameroon's Customs Service. Post monitors the use of the scales and safes through contacts at the Cameroon Civil Aviation Authority (CCAA).

Status

One safe and one scale are currently being used by Cameroonian Customs at two of the three country's three international airports:Yaounde and Garoua. The scale is being used at Doula International airport. However, the safe at Douala International airport is not is use due to the recent death of the one officer in possession of its combination. The Cameroon Civil Aviation Authority (CCAA) has requested assistance and on the job training for the servicing of the safe at this airport. Little or no maintenance has been performed on any of the equipment. Most of the equipment is in good working order. The effective use of the safes and scales depends on the ability of Customs, Police, and Gendarmerie to seize narcotics though baggage searches.

Impact

The host government reported that the equipment has contributed immensely to produce statistics in the worldwide fight against the use of narcotics at airports.



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