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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

South America


End-Use Monitoring Report
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
September 2006
Report
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ASUNCION

Procedures

The INL program assistant verified the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD) inventory report and in-house written inventory through a variety of methods including on-site inspection of local facilities. The status of commodities located in the outlying areas was verified by post's review of SENAD's written inventory and through frequent inspections by DEA personnel.

Status

All items were provided to SENAD, the Financial Analysis Unit (SEPRELAD), the Special Investigations Unit (UTE), the Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MIC), and the Ministry of Woman's Affairs. In addition, these government agencies maintain INL-provided commodities in several field locations including Ciudad del Este, Mariscal Estigarribia, Asuncion, and Pedro Juan Caballero.

Vehicles

The SENAD received 7 new vehicles, raising to 21 the number of INL-funded vehicles. The vehicles range in model years from 1996 to 2005. They are in good condition and are used by SINAD for operational and interdiction purposes. SENAD also has 4 motorcycles, two boats with outboard motors and trailers. They are in average condition and require maintenance. The INL assistant is coordinating with SENAD for repairs.

In 2005, three new vehicles were donated to UTE for operational and interdiction purposes.

Computer Equipment

INL-funded computer equipment has been provided to UTE, SEPRELAD, SENAD, MIC, and the Ministry of Women's Affairs. In 2005, INL provided 12 computer workstation, two printers, one video projector, two laptops, two flash drives, one copier, one server and software to upgrade the statistics unit of the MIC to bolster the ongoing IPR program. New computers were also purchased for the UTE and SEPRELAD in 2005. The INL assistant conducted period on-site visits to the various agencies to observe that the equipment was in use and functioning properly.

Detector Dogs

INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs 11 dogs. INL funding provides veterinary care, food, new dogs, uniforms, and maintenance of the kennels and vehicles used to transport the canines and guides. The canine units are housed in kennels located at Silvio Petirrossi International Airport, Pedro Juan Caballero and Ciudad del Este. In 2005, the SENAD canine unit seized 19 kilograms of cocaine and 120 kilograms of marijuana, primarily through interdiction operations in Asuncion at the International airport and in Ciudad del Este.

Communications Equipment

All communications equipment was accounted for. In general, most of the equipment is in good condition.

Laboratory Equipment

INL provided SENAD with new drug laboratory equipment. The equipment includes an auto-injector module for eight sampler turrets, an auto-sampler tray module and a Chem-Station PC bundle system. The drug laboratory played a key role in identifying the drugs, contributing to the conviction of drug traffickers.

The SENAD Central Counter Drug Laboratory received an Agilent Gas Chromatograph and Mass Spectrometer System (GCMS) and a Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization Device (GCFID) to support evidence processing in criminal drug cases. This lab equipment will support investigation procedures and help bring investigation standards closer to international standards.

Construction Projects

INL initiated the construction of an operational office for SENAD in the northeast region. This project is designed to enhance the Government of Paraguay's narcotics enforcement activities as it relates to other southern cone countries. This construction of the new facility is scheduled to be completed in July 2006.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The office equipment is in good to excellent condition. In addition, an alarm system and access control readers were installed in SEPRELAD office facility to increase security in their sensitive and restricted areas.

Impact

All equipment and material support the SENAD, SEPRELAD, MIC, UTE, and the Ministry of Women's Affairs. For SENAD, the communications equipment, vehicles, and canine program are aimed at bolstering the interdiction effort and operational capabilities. Furthermore, SENAD has continued to make advances in its drug enforcement activities, including the seizure of cocaine and marijuana and the destruction of marijuana crops.

Assistance to SEPRELAD is focused on enhancing its investigation capabilities through the provision of technical equipment and software as well as training. For the MIC, post's assistance is dedicated to helping the IPR unit UTE increase its ability to conduct operations through the purchase of surveillance equipment, vehicles, and operational support.

For the Ministry of Women's Affairs, post's support was used primarily to purchase computer and office equipment, support a public awareness campaign and the development of a manual for anti-Trafficking in Persons (TIP) efforts. This manual has explicitly identified responsibilities for prevention and prosecution. It has also defined the lead agency to be the Ministry of Women's Affairs. The public awareness campaign and publicity seminars have informed the target audience about how to prevent becoming a victim.

BOGOTA

Procedures

The NAS held regular working meetings with the Government of Colombia (GOC) counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG provided assets. Among those counterparts were the Colombian National Police (CNP) Anti-Narcotics Division (DIRAN), its aviation component (ARAVI), and the Colombian Army Aviation Unit (COLAR). These three entities received the bulk of INL-provided resources. The NAS requested selected GOC inventories of USG-provided equipment to compare with NAS records to verify the status of resources.

Individual NAS program officers, in coordination with the NAS Deputy Management Officer, were responsible for the End Use Monitoring of support funded by their programs. Due to the differences in the size and scope of the various programs, there were a variety of systems used for this purpose, ranging from hand receipts to databases. Department of State and Department of Justice direct hire and contract (USPSC) personnel program managers and advisors provided input for this report, based on site visits. The NAS Management Section has an audit unit, staffed by six local national personnel, that assists program staff in conducting End Use Monitoring. This unit reviewed and implemented monitoring procedures, conducted inventories and audits, and oversaw the disposal of surplus materials.

Additionally, the NAS has 1,300 American, Colombian, and third country national contract personnel employed under contracts with DynCorp; Lockheed-Martin, Aeronautical Radio, Inc. (ARINC), and Olgoonik Logistics LLC. These contract personnel are an integral part of the NAS programs and monitor the use of USG-provided equipment by conducting inventories and providing status reports on the use of program-provided assets.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF); Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE); Presidential Security Program (PSP); Bureau of Prisons (BOP); and the Justice Sector Reform Program (JSRP) have databases of all equipment donated to their counterpart agencies which identify items by brand, model, serial number, location, and condition. All agencies conducted random unscheduled visits to ensure that all USG-funded assets were accounted for and being used for their intended purposes.

Status

Aircraft

The Colombian National Police (CNP)Eradication Unit and Colombian Army (COLAR) Aviation Unit projects, both managed by the NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) and supported by a contract with DynCorp, were major recipients of INL-funded support. NAS Bogota and the INL Air Wing (INL/A) conducted regular program reviews to ensure that aircraft were being used for their designated purposes and that the contractor was complying with all contract support requirements. A 100 percent physical inventory was conducted by DynCorp contract staff and verified by INL/A staff in June 2005 in conjunction with the transition to a firm, fixed price contract. There are currently 187 aircraft for all programs.

While the GOC has operational control of USG-provided aircraft, the USG retains title. The Letter of Agreement (LOA) specifies the authorized use for all aircraft. Any other use, such as disaster relief or humanitanian operations, must be approved by the Embassy. The CNP and COLAR provide regular status reports to the NAS. Flight logs of all supported aircraft are randomly reviewed.

Eradication Program-During CY-2005, a USG-owned aircraft was transferred from the INL program in Peru to the CNP Eradication Program Inventory. One AT-802 was returned to the United States for repair of damage sustained in an accident. In addition, one T-65 was forced down by enemy fire and removed from the program inventory because the crash-site location and condition of the aircraft made recovery of the airframe impossible.

ERADICATION PROGRAM

Helicopters

 

Fixed wing

10 UH-1N's

 

Three T-65's

 

 

Seven AT-802's

 

 

Eight OV-10's

 

 

Four C-27's

 

 

Two C-208's



Colombian Army Program (COLAR)-During CY-2005, one UH-1N executed an emergency landing during enemy ground fire. The resulting hard landing caused extensive damage to the helicopter, which is currently in the United States being rebuilt. The expected return date is July 2006.

In January 2005, a COLAR UH-60 crashed while conducting an air assault in support of the Colombian Army Counternarcotics Brigade. The loss, damage, destruction (LDD) report has been completed by the INL/A contractor.

In July 2005, a COLAR UH-1H II executed an emergency landing after receiving hostile ground fire. The resulting crash destroyed the helicopter, and the LDD report has been completed by the INL/A contractor.

Helicopters

Twenty-six UH-1N

Twenty-one UH-1N II

Five K-1200

Fifteen UH-60L


CNP Air Wing (ARAVI)-A program manager, five personal services contract advisors, two locally engaged staff, and numerous Lockheed Martin (LM) contractor personnel monitored all assets provided to ARAVI. The NAS held regular meetings with ARAVI and DIRAN administrative, operational, and intelligence officers to determine the status of USG-provided assets. LM provided aircraft maintenance support under a contract with the USG.

The NAS compared CNP and other GOC written and computerized data with its own records to assess resource status. The NAS FSN voucher payment staff analyzed payment documents for items bought from USG-funded accounts. NAS personnel worked closely with the CNP inventory team. The NAS, CNP, and the LM contract staff are in the process of performing a 100 percent physical inventory count of USG-furnished equipment to develop an inventory control system. NAS advisers received daily aircraft status reports, status reports on engine repair and procurement, and additional reporting on aircraft-on-ground incidents.

ARAVI aircraft inventory changes during CY-2005 were as follows: one C-26B and one C-208 were added to the fleet in January 2005; one DC-3 was added to the fleet in June 2005; and one UH-1H II was added to the fleet in 2005. One UH-1H II, titled to the CNP but supported by the NAS, was destroyed in a crash on December 15, 2005.

ARAVI Aircraft

Helicopters

 

Fixed wing

One H530FF

 

Two DHC6-300's

One H500

 

One C-99

Three 206B's

 

Four DC-3's

One 206L

 

Three C-208's

Four 206L3's

 

Two C-26A's

Twelve B212's

 

Three C-26B's

Seven UH-60L's

 

Three C-152's

Thirty-one Huey II's

 

Three 206G's



The Air Bridge Denial (ABD) Program-The ABD manages five Citation 560 tracker aircraft and one C-26 reconnaissance aircraft on loan to the Colombian Air Force (COLAF) to suppress illicit aerial traffic over Colombia. Aircrews are provided by COLAF while aircraft maintenance and safety monitors are provided by the USG through a contract with ARINC Engineering Services. Oversight is provided by a program manager at the NAS. Both C-26s were provided by the USG to the Colombian Air Force in 1998 under the drawdown provision of section 506 (a) of the Foreign Assistance Act. One C-26 was delivered in 2005 to the COLAF after upgrading of reconnaissance equipment, while the other remains under repair in the United States.

AIR BRIDGE DENIAL

Five Citation 560's

One C-26's


Aviation Fuel

NAS program funds provided jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol (fuel additive for C-26 aircraft) for all NAS-supported aircraft. A PSC fuel advisor monitored purchases, deliveries, storage, and use of NAS-provided fuels at all bases and airports. NAS procurement agents and voucher examiners reviewed all fuel orders and invoices and found no major discrepancies. During 2005, the CNP fuel office supported over 30 eradication and interdiction missions throughout Colombia, including two special multi-agency missions with the DEA. NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) personnel accounted for 100 percent of all aviation fuels consumed during 2005 by the COLAR.

In accordance with past recommendations from the Office of the Inspector General (OIG), fuel quantity, calibration of equipment, and consumption are closely monitored. Receipt of fuel deliveries and daily quality control checklists have been developed based on military procedures. The comparison of fuel consumption versus hours flown showed no anomalies. Initial planning for an extensive and thorough audit of fuel system controls is underway.

Construction

The NAS has a construction unit comprised of three architects, three civil engineers, and a project administrator. They manage all phases of NAS-funded construction projects and provide advice to GOC entities on maintenance issues. During site visits, the NAS program staff ensured that facilities were used for their designated purposes. In 2005, there were over 39 NAS-funded construction projects.

Major construction was started on the Colombian Army (COLAR) base at Tolemaida in support of the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program (PCHP), including office space, classrooms for nationalization training, and a warehouse for aircraft parts.

In Cartegena, a 50-man Colombian Navy commando barracks and headquarters annex was built to support reconnaissance and assault teams.

Several projects were also completed on the COLAR base in Larandia. A fast rope tower was constructed for training on helicopter fast roping techniques. A one-kilometer recognition trail was designed and built for mine detection training. A series of stations used for human rights awareness training was also installed.

Vehicles

Of the INL-funded vehicles, DEA provided ninety-six (96), the Presidential Security Program (PSP) provided seventeen (17), the Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training (OPDAT) program provided two (2), and the NAS Rule of Law Program to reestablish public security in conflict zones program provided eighty-eight (88) to host country counterpart agencies for counter-narcotics programs. The vehicles are in good condition. A breakdown of vehicle types is as follows:


Type

QTY

 

 

Minivan

1

Motorcyles

26

Pickups

4

Automobiles

29

SUV's

21

Armored SUVs Level 3

5

Armored SUV's Level 5     

5

Taxis

7

Trucks

88

Vans

16

Watercraft

1

 

 

Total

203


In 2005, the NAS supported 246 CNP Antinarcotics Directorate (DIRAN) vehicles by providing routine maintenance and fuel. These vehicles are used throughout Colombia in support of interdiction, eradication, and other counternarcotics operations. The NAS employs a Vehicle Maintenance Advisor who monitors all CNP vehicles and maintains a database detailing maintenance, performance, and fuel consumption. USG-provided vehicles are used to transport officials and operational personnel; transfer materials, perform surveillance; pursue arrests; and detain narcoterrorists and illegally armed groups.

Type

QTY

 

 

Ambulance

2

Automobiles

21

Boat

1

Buses

7

4x4s

11

Crane truck

1

Pickup Trucks         

79

Fork Lifts

2

Light Trucks

27

Motorcycles

46

Tank Trucks

7

SUVs

32

Vans

14

 

 

Total

246


In 2005, the NAS Interdiction Program donated 65 Ford F-450 trucks to the CNP Rural Mobile Police (Carabinero EMCARS) program. The CNP units provide periodic inventories and status reports. No maintenance or fuel support is provided for these vehicles.

The NAS motor pool consists of 160 vehicles which are managed by a NAS Motor Pool Supervisor and a NAS Vehicle Maintenance Adviser. The motor pool consists of armored and unarmored vans, pickups, fuel trucks, box trucks, and SUV's. In 2005, the NAS purchased three new vehicles: one bus, one pickup truck, and one stake truck to support new operational requirements at the Colombian Army (COLAR) base in Saravena.

Defense Articles

The NAS continues to provide arms and ammunition to the CNP and COLAR, which both maintain controls and inventories of USG-provided weaponry. The NAS weapons adviser monitors the use and operational status of donated weapons. The NAS staff performs regular inventories to ensure that all weapons are accounted for and provides detailed information on location, type of weapon, and condition. Strict controls are maintained for weapons provided to the CNP by the USG. The LOA specifically requires the host nation to notify the NAS immediately of any lost or damaged weapons and all investigations related to USP-provided weapons. CNP units that receive weapons support provide monthly inventories and status reports.

The NAS provided aircraft-mounted and small arms weapons, ammunition and weapons training to ARAVI under security assistance programs to support the CNP's eradication and interdiction missions. NAS support has upgraded a total of 19 GAU-17/MK44 weapons systems, although two modified GAU 17s were destroyed along with a Colombian-titled Huey II in December 2005.

NAS-provided ammunition to the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program is monitored and accounted for daily by U.S. contractors. All other weapons and ammunition used on the NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) are issued to and controlled by the INL/A contractor.

Communications Equipment

All NAS counterpart agencies that received communications equipment provided inventories and status reports as requested. Equipment included two-way radios, portable satellite phones, digital hybrid IP PBX, radio C-5000, and VHS transmitter receivers. Comparative analysis of inventories showed no major discrepancies. A NAS PSC Communications Advisor provided support to the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation as part of his focus on developing a nation-wide strategy for regional and tactical communications support.

The NAS provided secure aircraft radios and a new computerized aircraft tracking system to the CNP ARAVI Program. This allows secure communications between all aircraft and automatic flight tracking that provides location, speed, and altitude information. It also provides alternate communications in case of an emergency.

The SIU and Andean initiative programs use a wide variety of communications equipment, i.e., interceptors, radios, recorders, etc. in locations throughout Colombia. DEA agents work closely with the GOC units that receive this equipment to ensure that it is used properly.

Computer Equipment

USG-provided computer equipment formed the basis of detecting, tracking, identifying, removing and/or detaining narco-terrorists in Colombia. NAS PSC advisors monitored USG-provided computer equipment used to maintain CNP ARAVI logistics, maintenance, training, and aircrew flight records. GOC recipients have provided inventories and status reports as requested. The NAS Management Section has one computer programmer and two computer specialists who provide assistance to program staff and GOC counterparts in identifying systems and providing maintenance and technical support.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2005, the NAS manual eradication program provided 12 motorized backpack sprayers, five digital cameras, and four two-way radios to five CNP units that perform manual coca eradication in Boyaca. The NAS also provided backpack sprayer personal safety equipment (gloves, masks, and goggles) for each unit and funded training in the safe use and handling of pesticides by the GOC's Institute of Agriculture and Husbandry. The NAS also donated 24 Global Positioning System (GPS) units to vetted Boyaca departmental police, the rural mobile police (EMCAR) squadrons, and to Mobile Eradication Groups (GME). The NAS donated another 26 GPS units to Accion Social, the presidential unit that coordinates manual eradication.

The NAS purchased 744 tactical machine gun vests for CNP Carabino units involved in the safe transportation of ammunition.

ATF personnel, accompanied by CNP personnel, conducted routine inspections of all USG-provided bomb detection equipment (tool kits, bomb suits, hook & line systems, radio frequency blockers, disruptors) and administrative equipment.

ARAVI installed Intrusion Detection systems (IDS) at four of its five permanent bases. EL Dorado is the only base as of 2005 without IDS. Installation is scheduled for June 2006.

Impact

All items purchased have had a direct impact on GOC efforts against narcotics and narco-terrorist operations. Communications, weapons, and vehicles provide much needed support. During this past year, the CNP has been able to conduct quick strike raids that destroyed over 103 HCL labs and 751 base labs (surpassing last year's total by 253 labs) and resulted in the capture of nearly 74 MT of cocaine and nearly 20 MT of cocaine base.

Explosives Equipment

The ATF explosives program has created forty-eight bomb squads and thirteen explosive investigative units. Initiation of the ATF explosive program in 2002 reduced fatalities among bomb technicians conducting "render safe procedures" from six fatalities in 2002, to zero fatalities in years 2003/2004, to one in 2005.

Communications Equipment

A NAS PSC Communications Advisor provided support to the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation. The communication support enabled our host national counterparts to establish command and control of their units at the national level. The computers and network devices have provided the capability to establish limited data networks capable of moving critical information in a timely manner. In particular, the installation of the Caribbean Coast's "Firewall" communications net increased multi-service coordination and disrupted the narco-traffickers attempts to move cocaine by go-fast boats.

Secure aircraft radios, cellular phones, and a new computerized aircraft tracking system continue to support ARAVI operations. Secure communications between aircraft and ground units is now possible. All aircraft in flight are now automatically tracked by a secure internet-based system that provides location, speed aptitude, and alternate communications in case of emergency. The system was highly instrumental in the safe recovery of the crew from the Huey II crash on December 15, 2005.

Vehicles

USG support ensured that vehicles were available to address operational requirements. They facilitated the movement of personnel and supplies, allowed the CNP to conduct surveillance and arrests, and reduced response times to those in need. Most supported units are located in rural areas (no paved roads) and do not have the means to quickly mobilize against the terrorist organizations.

Aircraft

The impact of USG air support in Colombia cannot be overstated. Given the size and geographic diversity of Colombia, air support is essential to CNP efforts. In CY-2005, the aerial eradication program sprayed a record 139,551 hectares (gross, unadjusted).

USG assistance has allowed the CNP to train and equip the 16,000 Carabinero Mobile Squadron (EMCARS) police for law enforcement operations in rural Colombia, where no security existed prior to August 2002. This USG program continues to support President Uribe's goal of establishing public security throughout the country. The DIRAN jungle commandos employed the newly acquired M24 Sniper System which provides them the capacity to engage targets discriminately out to 800 meters. The establishment of a centrally controlled Night Vision Goggle (NVG) facility resulted in an 80 percent operational readiness rate for DIRAN's ground and aviation NVG equipment.

Computer Equipment

NAS assistance to GOC ministries on the reentry to society program for demobilized combatants was accompanied by a 40 percent increase in the desertion rate from Colombia's illegal groups. Intelligence from the deserters helped prevent terrorist actions; prosecute criminals; and locate weapons, explosives, drugs, and other criminal material.

Weapons

USG assistance allowed the CNP to train and equip 62 Carabinero Mobile Squadrons and 140 police municipality stations (approximately 17,000 police in all) for assignment in rural Colombia to areas that had no security presence. This new project supported President's Uribe's principal strategic goal of establishing public security throughout Colombia.

Problems

Aircraft

Reviews of illegal air traffic have showed the need for forward deployment of Air Bridge Denial (ABD) trackers and Colombian Air Force (COLAF) interceptors. Construction of ABD facilities at forward bases was included in both the FY-05 and FY-06 budget requests. However, budget cuts have prevented these projects from moving forward. COLAF is proceeding with short-term deployment of interceptors and trackers. The planned transition of two COLAF C-26 aircraft to a tracker role was unsuccessful due to the Department of Defense (DOD) decision to install F-16 first generation radar in the aircraft without available spare parts. As an alternative, both aircraft will be used in a reconnaissance role. Budget cuts also required a reduction in monthly flying hours from 300 to 180, resulting in a slight increase in illegal aircraft tracks.

Computer equipment

Power fluctuations continue to damage computer equipment due to underdeveloped infrastructure at forward operating and austere locations. The different NAS programs provide Uninterrupted Power Supplies (UPS) and make infrastructure upgrades as necessary.

Vehicles

Post is experiencing fuel injector problems with the Ford F-450 trucks purchased from Ford USA. The cause is undetermined at this time, but it may be linked to contaminated diesel fuel and/or differences in diesel quality standards between the United States and Colombia. The Carabineros project advisor is pursuing a solution with Ford USA.

Program Changes

Aviation Fuel

A project to install recuperation tanks at eight fixed fuel sites should result in an annual savings of $34,000 by recycling drained fuel. Environmentally safe fuel burners have been ordered for five fixed sites to burn waste fuel and oils that accumulate. Waste fuel and oil are very difficult to dispose of. Local companies do not always adhere to environmental law for disposal. The calibration equipment has been ordered to provide the CNP with the capability of calibrating their fueling equipment. Project savings are $21,000 per year.

Warehousing and Hanger Space

A new maintenance hanger at Guaymaral was constructed for the ARAVI program in 2005 on the site of an old warehouse. A temporary warehouse was rented and all stock was relocated for the duration of the construction project. Construction of the new hanger for maintenance and warehouse purposes was completed in October 2005 and was moved into the new warehouse and hanger space. Presently, the CNP has five fixed warehouses throughout Colombia with a total of 57,592 line items of stock valued at $41 million.

A project for better End Use Monitoring and control was started in April 2005 to identify assets donated by the USG and to create property books for increased accountability for donated items. The 10,000 line items of inventory included armaments, vehicles, computers, communications equipment, NVG equipment, tools and equipment, intrusion detection equipment, and fuel and equipment.

Manual Eradication

The goodwill established through NAS manual eradication assistance with CNP units located in Boyaca Department allows the NAS to vet selected CNP units in other areas where security conditions are good enough for small scale manual eradication efforts. The NAS has tested several types of backpack sprayers, GPS units, hand-held radios, etc. It will standardize the equipment it donated to the GOC for manual eradication to maximize resources and take advantage of efficiencies of scale.

BRASILIA

Procedures

Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the Federal Police and its Drug Enforcement Division (DPF/DRE) to allow close monitoring of donated materiel. DPF/DRE maintains detailed and up-to-date inventories of all assets donated by the USG and submits monthly reports of accounts, including receipts, to the NAS. The NAS and other USG personnel conducted on-site inspections to spot check the location, condition, and use of the commodities during 2005.

Status

Vessels

The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. It is currently in the water at Praca 15 de Novembro (Rio de Janeiro's city port). It is functioning and being used in normal operations. The DPF installed GPS/VHS equipment, as well as a depth finder and a police siren. It is used exclusively in harbor patrol crime prevention activities. The boat will be used in the upcoming training to be given in Rio by the U.S. Coast Guard in March 2006.

According to NAS and DPF/DRE records, there are currently twelve donated Boston Whalers in Brazil, dating from 1991. They are assigned to Belem (4), Manaus (4), Tabatinga (1), Porto Velho (1), Guajara-Mirim (1), and Foz de Iguacu, Parana (1). In 2005, seven of the Boston Whalers were inspected by NAS personnel. They were found to be in good working condition. Lack of manpower, at times, limits the use of the vessel by the Federal Police in some locations.

The three Boston Whalers in Belem are located at the riverine base of operations in Ananindeua on a branch of the Maguary River. All of the Boston Whalers need repair work on the hulls and outboard motors. The trailers were functioning. Replacement motors ordered last year have been purchased and should arrive in country shortly.

The floating dock in Manaus is fully operational and used regularly.

Detector Dogs

A project to enlarge the kennel to provide adequate space for the dogs was started in 2005 and should be finished in the near future. Dogs will have individual cages as well as a separate breeding area. The kennel will house five explosive sniffing dogs. They are scheduled to arrive from training in the U.S. at the end of February 2006.

Computer Equipment

In 2002, basic computer equipment, including monitors, CPU's, printers, webcams, keyboards, speakers, and UPS, were provided by the NAS through SENAD for use by the 26 Brazilian State Drug Councils (CONENS) as well as a connecting unit for SENAD and the CONEN of the Federal District. In 2005, the NAS staff visited 11 CONENS. All of the equipment was observed in use and functioning, creating an "Antidrug Informational Network" connecting the State Drug Councils with SENAD in Brasilia.

Miscellaneous Equipment

On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counternarcotics operations. Other donated equipment, including transformers, and bulletproof vests, are also used regularly. Most of the equipment is held in Brasilia and shipped around Brazil as needed for operations. Careful computerized inventory control of this equipment is maintained as it is checked in and out.

In 2002, the NAS provided basic law enforcement equipment to the Civil Police Forces of nine Brazilian States in the Amazon Section through the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat (SENASP). The equipment includes computer equipment, narcotics kits, flashlights, first aid kits, CPR masks, life vests stearns, night vision goggles, handcuffs, gun cabinets, bolt cutters and bullet proof vests.

Problems

The sheer size of Brazil (larger than the continental U.S.) and its difficult physical, climactic and infrastructure conditions present a unique challenge to Federal Police. This same size makes End Use Monitoring of donated equipment difficult, time-consuming and expensive. The NAS is composed of one U.S. officer and two Brazilian employees. Through careful use of limited travel funds, and liaison with other U.S. agencies, as well as assistance from the three U.S. consulates in Brazil, the NAS was able to check a sizable representative sample of equipment in a wide variety of places in the country.

The DPF/ DRE in Brasilia is trying to maximize the use of this equipment through a centralized inventory and warehouse operation which sends equipment where and when needed and brings it back to the central headquarters in Brasilia. NAS Brazil, in conjunction with the Federal Police, will begin using a barcode system for all of the abovementioned items in the End Use Monitoring report. This will make it easier for both entities to maintain a more accurate inventory once the items are entered into the system.

The NAS will continue to work closely with DPF/DRE officials, SENASP, and SENAD to identify those problems and operations most likely to give the best results. The dialog with GOB officials has been open. Any disagreements over resource allocation are resolved on case-by-case basis. The Brazilian Government has enacted a new set of regulations governing the transfer of NAS funds to the Federal Police. When in place, these new regulations will require that funds pass through the Brazilian Treasury and directly into the intended anti-narcotics programs. Overall, program accountability remains acceptable nation-wide and very good in Brasilia.

Impact

The amount of funding and assistance given to the Federal Police accounts for a considerable percentage of their entire national anti-narcotics enforcement budget. This assistance, in the form of equipment, is vital to the anti-narcotics interdiction efforts in Brazil. Major improvements were achieved in the Federal Police's anti-narcotics intelligence gathering and intercept capabilities. The record amount of cocaine seized last year (10 percent increase) is a direct result of these improvements. NAS Brazil hopes to improve on these results in the coming year.

BUENOS AIRES

Procedures

Post's Narcotics Coordinator does not have PD&S funding and as such is unable to fund on-site inspections or periodic spot checks to perform End Use Monitoring. The Coordinator relies on DEA officers to assess appropriate usages of INL-funded equipment. Argentine law enforcement officials provide post with periodic updates on equipment. This system of overlapping verification methods is the best possible end use appraisal system available.

Status

The majority of equipment is located in the northern provinces of Salta and Jujuy. All indications are that all provided equipment is being used for the intended purposes. No single case of inappropriate or unauthorized use was reported in 2005. In general, the equipment provided through INL funding continues to be used but with problems coming from advancing age and hard use. Many computers, vehicles, and radio equipment are near or well past their useful lives.

Dogs

The two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) in 1988 are healthy, but are nine years old and nearing the end of their useful lives. The Government of Argentina bred six additional dogs for the program. The total force of eight dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals.

Miscellaneous Equipment

One man-portable X-ray machine was provided to the NBDF in 2005. Two fiberoptic scopes were provided in 2005; one to the Aduanas' Anti-Narcotics Unit in Mendoza; and one to the DEA funded NBTF. Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police Forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them.

Communications Equipment

Communications equipment has not been donated in the last few years. Radio transmitters provided to the Northern Border Task Force (NBTF) require routine maintenance and repair. Many hand-held radios provided to Federal and Provincial Police throughout Argentina need to be repaired or replaced because of wear and tear resulting from routine use under harsh operational conditions.

Computer Equipment

Several computers were provided to the NBTF in 2004. A large number of old and aging computers are nearing the end of their useful lives.

Vehicles

Four vans were provided to the NBDF in late 2005. Eleven undercover vehicles were procured in 2004 for NBTF and the Anti-Narcotics Units of Aduanas and Prefecture. Vehicles provided in previous years (1993-1997) require fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes. A few vehicles purchased in 1989 have reached the end of their useful lives.

Problems

A lack of PD&S resources limits the Narcotics Coordinator's effectiveness in managing post's INL account. With recent political changes in neighboring Bolivia, a growing cocaine trafficking in Argentina, and the GOA's increasing willingness to work with post on counternarcotics issues, post has an opportunity to greatly improve the GOA's ability to combat drug trafficking. However, a lack of funding hampers post's effort in this area. The Narcotics Coordinator has requested PD&S funding to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of provided equipment to consolidate the listing of equipment needing to be monitored, and to re-employ an employee hired to conduct the End Use Monitoring program.

Impact

While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it continues to have a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded Provincial Police Anti-Drug Units operating in the northern provinces. Argentina law enforcement agencies have reported large increases in cocaine seizures several years in a row. Post, lead by DEA, has actively assisted local law enforcement in their counernarcotics efforts. The NBTF was involved in the seizure of 3,850 kilograms of cocaine in the first three quarters of 2005, compared to 2,155 kilograms of cocaine during the same period in 2004.

Overall, the growing program gives post a valuable tool with which to pursue its joint counter-narcotics agenda with the GOA. The GOA is very focused on its security and narcotics problems and has turned to post for advice and assistance in creating a national security plan. In the coming years, the INL program will be essential to the GOA's efforts both to combat its growing narcotics trafficking problem and to establish better control over its border areas.

CARACAS

Procedures

Counternarcotics cooperation with the BRV collapsed in the second quarter of 2005. In July, President Chavez threatened to expel DEA from Venezuela. The BRV has subsequently showed interest in renewing counternarcotics cooperation. The NAS has been amendable to increasing cooperation but is doing so cautiously. For years the primary counternarcotics contact within the BRV has been the National Anti-Drug Commission (CONACUID). As part of the ongoing effort to break with previous governments, CONACUID has been transformed into the National Counternarcotics Office (ONA). Post's non-ONA counterparts (Fiscalia, Customs and National Guard) have been reluctant to renew ties. Being limited to dealing with ONA has severely hampered post's ability to discuss and evaluate with BRV counterparts' ongoing narcotics control activities.

Nevertheless, the NAS and other embassy personnel continue to perform spot checks and on-site inspections of donated equipment at the Prosecutor's Drug Task Force (PDTF), the Port Security Project, ONA, and the National Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF). Despite political tensions, the host government cooperates and allows free access to monitor donated resources. The one exception is military installations.

Status

Dogs

In 1998, the NAS provided six (6) dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force Lackland AFB canine program personnel. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies to provide a source for drug detection dogs. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in Barquisimeto. During 2002, the USCS Canine Center donated two new dogs to the unit. The NAS entered into a contract with a local veterinarian to improve the health and nutrition of the neglected animals. The state of health of the dogs quickly improved, although the National Guard has not effectively used the dogs in counternarcotics activities.

Vehicles

The Prosecutors Drug Task Force (PDTF) works with two separate groups: the Judicial Police (CICPC) and the National Guard Anti-Drug Command (GNAD). The PDTF functions under direct DEA supervision. Since 2001, the NAS has donated 19 cars and two motorcycles. One car was totaled in 2003. Since the freeze in USG-BRV counternarcotics cooperation, the PDTF has essentially ceased to function. Post hopes to revitalize it once the counternarcotics agreement is signed. Meanwhile, PDTF vehicles are being use by the GNAD.

A Ford Festiva sedan and a Toyota pickup Hilux were donated to the National Commission Against the Illicit Use of Drugs (CONACUID) in 1998. The Ford Festiva was wrecked and has been out-of-service since 2004. The pickup is being used by the ONA interdiction office.

One of the three Toyota FJ80 Land Cruisers assigned to the Port Security Project was stolen at gunpoint from one of the U.S. DHS/CBP advisors. The remaining Land Cruisers are in good condition. A Jeep Cherokee replaced the stolen FJ80.

Vessels

Six Boston Whalers donated by the NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 were not monitored in 2005. The USMILGP access to the Venezuelan military bases is an essential tool in conducting 506 (a)(2) EUM. Such access is restricted under the current administration. As of 2004, the vessels were based in Puerto Ayacucho, and that they were engaged in a Riverine patrol program.

Computer Equipment

In 2003, the NAS provided seven computers to UNIF in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to support its expansion of personnel from 20 to 60. This was part of a tri-lateral cooperation in which the British Embassy, UNIF, and the NAS each provided seven computers. In 2002, the NAS provided five computer workstations, five printers, a video projector, two laptops, two Iomega ZIP drives, and software to upgrade the UNIF. The equipment upgraded the previously existing LAN, which is used to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to that required in the United States.

Two computers with printers donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations.

The computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States. Relations between the Embassy and the Public Prosecutor's Office are excellent.

The eight computers and four laptops provided to the PDTF in 2001 continue to be operational and in use by the unit.

A computer provided to the Export Processing Office in 2002 permitted the automation of records for the first time. It remains operational.

In July 2005, two training centers for X-ray machine operators were established in the airports of Maiquetia and Maracaibo. The centers are equipped with 33 computers and the Safe Passage software to train X-ray machine operators.

In 2005, the NAS donated 12 computers to the demand reduction NGO's; two to Alianza; and 10 to PROJUMI.

Laboratory Equipment

The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the Central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is overdue for maintenance and repair.

Defense Articles

In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 502 (A) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items.

Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters named the Albatross and Pelican are in the Punta Fijo naval base on Venezuela's western Caribbean coast. They are in good operating condition. The starboard engine on the Pelican was replaced in 2002. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the east coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. Both are in excellent condition and have greatly increased the Venezuelan Navy's capability to operate effectively within the important 25-mile offshore coastal waters of Venezuela. Both ships were inspected by MILGP officers in 2002.

Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft named Margarita is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River. It was inspected by MILGP officers in 2002. It was in good operating condition.

Riverine Patrol Boats-Six Riverine patrol boats are alleged to be in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located on the Orinoco River at the Colombian border and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precursors. The boats' outboard Yamaha 75-hp engines vary in condition from good to fair. These boats were inspected by a USMILGP officer in March 2002.

Radios-Seventy PRC-77 radios sets have been transferred to the military communications authority. This equipment is to be used along the border. The radios are in excellent condition.

JICC

The NAS continues to provide support to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) in conjunction with the Latin America JICC/Guardian program coordinated by DEA with the interagency El Paso Intelligence Center. The Oracle database software is being used in conjunction with a new version of the Guardian software developed by DEA. CONACUID uses the Center to coordinate drug intelligence and collect information on all types of drug-related crime. A photocopier, one of two servers, ten computer workstations and related equipment are in good condition. However, an additional server no longer functions and is in need of repair or replacement. CONACUID uses the JICC to coordinate drug intelligence, collecting information on all types of drug-related cases.

Communications Equipment

Thirteen intercept sets (Triggerfish, Angelfish, and Swordfish) are under the direct control of the President of the ONA. This equipment is in good condition but somewhat antiquated. The sets are not being used presently, but ONA intends to employ them along the Colombian border in support of counternarcotics operations.

Miscellaneous Equipment

In 2000, the Public Prosecutor's Office received a photocopier. In 1998, the NAS provided two contraband inspection kits to the National Guard detachments in Puerto Cabello and San Antonio de Tachira, the major land entry point from Colombia. The equipment is being used for drug interdiction programs. The CICPC continues to use audio-visual equipment, camcorders, typewriters, fax machines, cameras and lenses. This equipment is in fair condition.

Four X-ray machines for luggage inspection and two ION scan machines were donated to the airport in Maiquetia in 2003. The National Guard reports to the Airport Security Office that handles the statistics and keeps post informed of their seizures. An X-ray machine for luggage inspection was donated to the airport of Valencia in 2003. DHS/CBP advisors are in constant contact with Airport authorities. Relations between NAS/DHS and the airport are good.

Eight radiation detectors were turned over to the Anti-Drug Commando in Puerto Cabello. Two others are under NAS control.

Two forklifts of 5 tons capacity each were purchased in 2005 for the unloading and loading of the containers in the Cargo inspection facility in Puerto Cabello.

Construction Projects

One Container Inspection Facility in Puerto Cabello is nearing completion. The installation of dock doors and load levelers, a ventilation and monitoring system, and a security system remain to be completed.

A retaining wall was constructed at the PDTF site to reduce the risk of land slides.

Problems

Venezuela is increasingly the preferred transmit point for drugs leaving Colombia. Two key factors have contributed to the increased trafficking: rampant corruption at the highest levels of law enforcement and a weak judicial system. As a result, organized crime flourishes, with seizures and arrests of underlings more an annoyance than a threat. A third contributing factor was the decision of the BRV leaders to make political hay by attacking the USG. After vilifying DAO and MILGRP, the BRV turned its attention to DEA, at one point threatening to expel all DEA personnel. This resulted in the collapse of most of post's counternarcotics projects.

While post sees new willingness from its BRV counterparts to collaborate on counternarcotics issues, bilateral relations could get much worse before getting better. Accordingly, post is proceeding with the withdrawal of Venezuelan participation in several counternarcotics programs. As a result of Venezuela's refusal to cooperate and obstructionist behavior through much of 2005, the U.S. Government was unable to certify the Venezuela Government as an alley in the war on drugs.

Impact

In spite of the political firestorm, DEA continued working with its law enforcement contacts, developing information and leads that have contributed to record seizures by Venezuelan law enforcement. After decertification, political sniping faded and government officials expressed renewed willingness for cooperation. Government officials have linked cooperation, however, to the signing of a new bilateral counternarcotics document.

GEORGETOWN

Procedures

Post monitors equipment supplied through conversations with and information requests to the relevant GOG agencies. The Military Liaison Office (MLO), Regional Security Officer (RSO) and political section coordinated in this effort.

Status

All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.

Communications Equipment

The Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) continues to use the mobile communication system provided in 1988 on patrols at Cheddi Jagan International Airport. Five of the original twelve L-2000 hand-held mobile radios are partially serviceable and in use; four are unserviceable; and three are lost. The two base station radios are both unserviceable. The two multi-radio charges are serviceable and in use. Six single radio charges are serviceable and in use; six are unserviceable.

Patrol Boats

The MLO donated a fast interceptor boat to the Guyana Defence Force Guard (GDFCG) in May 2005. The GDFCC conducts patrols with the interceptor boat, but has not yet interdicted any narcotics shipments. The GDFCG continues to use four motorized lifeboats to conduct patrols in Guyana's maritime territory. The MLO supports the maintenance and purchase of replacement parts for these boats as needed. The four 44-foot patrol boats were used by the GDF Coast Guard to conduct patrols of Guyana's maritime territory. All four received replacement radar units to simplify maintenance.

Computer Equipment

Most of the computer equipment purchased in CY-2003 for the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) is located at the FIU office. It is serviceable and in use. This equipment consists of: two rack-mounted UPS', one rack-mounted network switch, one rack-mounted router, four HP-XW4100 workstations with surge protectors, two network racks, two patch panes, ten network cables, two HP Laserjet 2300N printers, one Proliant DL380 server, one HP D330 slim tower workstation, one HP D330 slim tower workstation, one HP Scanjet 550C scanner, one HP Scanjet 8250 scanner, one VS80E Surestore tape drive, and one photocopier. One HP 5550 printer and one fax machine are not in use.

The computer equipment provided to the Guyana Defence Force (GDF), Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), and Guyana Police Force (GPF) is not fully in use. One laptop computer, one fax machine, and one photocopier provided to the GDF are no longer serviceable. One Acer Acro 486SX computer with installed Oracle software is serviceable and in storage at the JICC. One fax machine is in use in the new JICC director's office. The JICC is not fully operational at this time.

Miscellaneous

Six bulletproof vests are serviceable and in use, but are only effective against .32 or smaller caliber ammunition. Twelve Narcotics Test Kits are no longer capable of testing marijuana and cocaine. Six night vision binoculars are unserviceable. Six of the twelve handcuffs are serviceable and in use. One video camera and one compact recorder provided to the GPF are no longer in use.

Problems

The GOG cooperated with post on monitoring efforts, although staff turnover has interfered with the continuity of monitoring efforts.

Impact

The program impact of support provided has been inconsistent. The donated vessels are integral to Guyana's efforts to patrol its maritime territory. The GDFCG has used these vessels to interdict illegal fishing trawlers and fuel smuggling boats that operate in Guyanese waters. However, lacking sources of actionable intelligence, the GDFCG was unable to use the donated vessels to interdict any significant narcotics shipments in 2005. The impact of the other donated equipment is limited by the fact that the FIU is not yet fully up and running.

LA PAZ

Procedures

During 2005, under the general supervision of the NAS Director, the NAS Administrative Officer, other members of the NAS staff, and officials of other agencies such as DEA, MILGRP and USCG conducted reviews to account for and to verify the condition of equipment and property provided to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counternarcotics program. The NAS Management Officer has primary responsibility for End Use Monitoring, under the general supervision of the NAS Director. NAS project officers, NAS Regional Director in Santa Cruz, NAS audit staff, and officials of other agencies (including DEA, USMILGP and USAID) assist the NAS Management Officer in End Use Monitoring. The Logistics Section of the Bolivian Counternarcotics Police (FELCN) assists in End-Use Monitoring of interdiction projects. The various military task forces are also involved in the End Use Monitoring for their respective activities.

US Direct Hires (USDHs) require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. NAS staff members and officials of other agencies and offices (principally DEA, USMILGP, USAID and INL Airwing) conduct regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of equipment and property provided by the USG to the GOB under the terms of each annual Letter of Agreement. NAS USDHs, the Regional Director, and the Management Officer conduct regular, announced and unannounced field visits to all projects and maintain frequent contact with project personnel. NAS Budget and Audit staffs conduct spot inspections of property records, impress funds record keeping, and vehicle/fuel usage reports. Fuel consumption reports countrywide are consolidated and reviewed by the NAS/Bolivia Audit Section on a monthly basis.

Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF) operate the INL/NAS supported aviation assets controlled by this project. Three U.S. PSC's (currently staffed by one TDY Senior Aviation Advisor and one PSC) supervise the FAB personnel. RDTF assets are based in Santa Cruz, with permanent FOLs in Trinidad Chimore. The three U.S. PSC's monitor the use of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are used exclusively for NAS-funded authorized activities. Only the NAS Director or Deputy Director can authorize non-counternarcotics related missions.

An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted during January-February 2005, and the reconciliation was submitted to the Department in March 2005.

The NAS operates eleven warehouses located as follows: four in La Paz, one in Cochabamba, three in the Chimore/Villa Turnari area, two in Santa Cruz, and one in Trinidad. U.S. PSC's and FSN's also supervise three GOB warehouses at the separate Task Force bases.

Status

Aviation

Most NAS-supported aviation assets are operated by the FAB personnel assigned to RDTF. The RDTF inventory consists of 12 UH-1H helicopters (USG assets maintained under the INL Airwing project contract; three were returned to Airwing), and two, light fixed-wing Cessna 206's (GOB-owned seized assets; one was returned to its original owner due to a court decree). All are based in Santa Cruz with permanent Forward Operating Bases (FOB's) in Trinidad and Chimore. A U.S. contractor, DynCorp, has maintenance and training responsibilities for the helicopter fleet. The fixed wing aircraft maintenance program is now mostly "Bolivianized."

Under the Black Devils (BlkDTF) project, three C-130B transport planes ferry cargo to and from the United States, as well as personnel and cargo within Bolivia. The BlkDTF, under the supervision of a U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor, flies three C-130B's that were transferred to the GOB through the DOD Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. The BlkDTF consists of 19 FAB pilots, copilots, flight engineers and navigators, in addition to 62 enlisted maintenance personnel. The C-130Bs fly in-country missions to support DEA and UMOPAR counternarcotics operations, as well as in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions in support of all NAS-funded projects.

The BlkDTF is supported by four Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics that provide quality assurance and supervision for FAB mechanics.

The NAS Director or Deputy Director approves all routine and operational missions and expenditures for the BlkDTF projects.

Defense Articles

From FY-1995 to the present the NAS, with MILGP assistance, has obtained equipment not otherwise available or that is restricted from purchase with INL funds through the FY-98 506A drawdown program. The Special Force for the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (FELCN) currently has 1,017 M-16's, 636 Berettas, and 767 other firearms in its inventory donated in prior years by USMILGP. FELCN maintains a computerized inventory of these weapons at its Ingavi Weapons Facility, which is manned by U.S. trained personnel and monitored by USMILGP and the NAS.

Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion-The NAS-supported Green Devils Task Force (GDTF) operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to support NAS-funded activities by transporting fuel, cargo and personnel anywhere in Bolivia via ground. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operation of heavy US military vehicles.

Currently, there are 124 vehicles in the GDTF of which 119 are military vehicles acquired through the FMF program managed by the USMILGP. The GDTF manages all of these military vehicles. The GDTF vehicle fleet consists of 58 two and a half-ton trucks, 2 M49 two and a half ton fuel trucks, 23 HMMWV'S, 8 five-ton dump trucks, 3 five-ton tractors, two 5-ton wreckers, 2 forty-ton tractors, 2 contact trucks, 3 International Harvester fuel trucks, 2 fuel tankers (5,000 gallon), 2 12-ton semi-trailers, 1(40-ton) semi-trailer low-bed, 4 water trailers, 1 Hyster fork lift, 2 Petty Bone fork lifts (6,000 lbs), and 5 NAS project vehicles. The GDTF is staffed by 148 Bolivian Army personnel commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. Operational readiness in 2005 was 98%.

Vessels

The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 170-man Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into six task groups, with its headquarters and Riverine Training School in Trinidad. The BDTF groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija, and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS Regional Office in Trinidad supports all task groups (except for the group in Puerto Villaroel, which is supported by NAS/Chimore), the BDTF headquarters and the Riverine School. The BDTF has four mother ships (a fifth Mother ship in poor condition has been retired since 2003), 33 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 47 Zodiacs (of which only 29 are currently operable, due to age). These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via FMF funding. The mother ships were constructed with NAS funding and Bolivian Navy skilled labor.

Vehicles

The NAS maintains more than 1,400 project vehicles, including GDTRF vehicles, of which 277 are over 10 years old and 20 are undergoing repair. In October 2005, the NAS received the first delivery of 136 new SUV's from a total purchase of 230; the remaining 94 were delivered in January 2006. The NAS Regional Director in Santa Cruz and the NAS maintenance personnel in the Tropics of Cochabamba conduct unannounced checks of vehicles two to three months after change of pilferable items (e.g., batteries, voltage regulators, etc) to ensure they were not removed from the vehicles by project personnel and replaced with older items.

Communications Equipment

The NAS maintains 2,750 sets of communications equipment, including repeaters, base stations, mobile radios and hand-held radios in the UHF system from Motorola, in addition to over 160 HF units, all of which are distributed throughout the country. This equipment was provided to the FELCN, UMOPAR, intelligence units, AIROPS, Riverine and all NAS regional offices as follows:

La Paz

1,211

Santa Cruz

300

Trinidad/Beni

307

Chimore/Cochabamba

683

Oruro

49

Potos

18

Tarija

73

Sucre

31

Pando

48

Another 625 radios sets are held at NAS-controlled repair facility in El Alto. This is equipment that will be installed in the coming year. The NAS maintains a comprehensive inventory under the NEPA system that identifies location and personnel accountable in each organization. Another 230 hand-held UHF equipment sets and 10 base UHF stations were purchased with DEA funds. NAS technicians usually perform equipment maintenance in the NAS-controlled repair facility. They make frequent field visits to verify the condition and teach the proper use of the equipment as well as to perform preventive maintenance. As of November 2005, 90% of the equipment was in service; the remainder is undergoing repairs.

Computer Equipment

In 2005, the NAS provided 75 computers, 50 printers, 8 computer servers, and other devices to NAS offices and GOB agencies participating in NAS-funded activities. Part of this equipment was used for users in the NAS Wide Area Network (WAN), the Black Devils (C-130) network, the UMOPAR Garras School in Chimore and in the Inspector Tracking System used by the FELCN and related prosecutors.

In addition to these new computers and servers, the NAS currently maintains over 3,000 pieces of computer equipment and 26 servers at its offices and project sites. This year, post implemented Local Area Networks for the projects as well. Post provides 21 points of ADSL internet services and 14 points of dial-up connections through different internet providers throughout the country.

Laboratory Equipment

The NAS purchases (low-tech) laboratory supplies for FELCN forensic laboratories.

Uniforms and Field Gear

The NAS issues uniforms and equipment on a regular basis to JTF, FELCN, UMOPAR and all NAS-supported projects. In 2005, the NAS procured approximately 20,000 sets of BDU's, boots, hats, and such field gear as web belts, field packs, hammocks, tents, and entrenching tools (valued in total at more than $2.7 million) in support of 1,600 FELCN police officers and 2,200 military personnel assigned to various counternarcotics projects, including eradication. The NAS donated riot gear (including helmets, shields, shin guards, etc.) to police crowd control units (valued in total at $370,000).

Canine Program

The Canine Program supports 91 guide dogs teams assigned to various FELCN Posts. As well as 4 explosives detector dogs delivered to the FELCN in 2004. This is near the maximum that can be sustained with the current program and DEA/FELCN operational priorities. The FELCN trains and breeds its dogs at a NAS/DEA funded canine training near Cochabamba. The NAS continued to supply dog food, veterinary supplies, specialist training equipment, travel and per diem expenses, and facilities maintenance. Post expects few future purchases of dogs as the project has now developed sufficient breeding and training capacity to maintain its current size.

Construction

In 2005, the NAS completed 25 building projects that provided or improved the physical infrastructure necessary to support NAS-funded activities. The building projects included the following: UMOPAR Locotal checkpoint; El Paso training center; El Paso raid house; Army barracks at Ichoa; Army barracks at El Platanal; UMOPAR Tropics of Cochabamba old base repairs and remodeling; UMOPAR Rinconada checkpoint; Dispatch area of NAS warehouse; UMOPAR coroico repairs; DIGECO Laja repairs; DIGECO Achica Arriba repairs; DIGECO Santa Barbara repairs; DNRP Cochabamba remodeling; FELCN Cochabamba office remodeling; El Paso dog training center; GDTF Chimore housing repairs; Lojeta warehouse guard house construction; UMOPAR Puerto Quijarro perimeter wall; Garras del Valor School remodeling and expansion; DARE El Alto remodeling; UMOPAR Guayaramerin and Riberalta repairs; Motor pool Villa Tunari dormitories; Guanay police post renovation; NAS Motor Pool La Paz; UMOPAR Cobija base.

Construction engineers/architects, working under NAS supervision, advise, design and provide oversight during the design and construction phase of construction projects. The engineers are responsible for executing projects by direct administration.

Problems

Misuse of Vehicles

While unauthorized personal use of NAS issued vehicles by GOB officials and their careless operation are recurring problems, serious accidents and misuse have declined significantly in recent years, due largely to increased investigations and corresponding disciplinary sanctions by the police internal affairs investigators supported by the NAS. The NAS also regularly trains on the proper operation of vehicles. The NAS Regional Director and other NAS staff also continue unannounced checks of recently maintained vehicles to look for auto parts theft.

Fuel Distribution

A multi-year fuel contract was awarded in 2003 that has alleviated the fuel distribution problems cited in the past. Frequent audits and an evolving fuel monitoring system have also contributed to improvements in the accountability of the use of all types of fuel. The unavoidable use of inaccurate pump meters and manual pumping continue to cause minor discrepancies in the fuel distribution program. The NAS is installing new pumps at selected locations to improve accountability and increase safety.

Weapons Accountability

Accountability and safeguarding of weapons is a continuing concern, but FELCN and Bolivian Army commanders have shown increased commitment and progress in this area. The USMILGP continues to work with the Bolivian Army to achieve 100% serial number inventory. Increased vigilance by NAS- supported police internal affairs investigators and auditors has markedly reduced the number of losses and/or thefts of weapons reported.

The USMILGP has an on-going inspection program that cross-levels FELCN weapons and ammunition based on changing roles and missions. In addition, the Ingavi facility is manned with U.S. trained logistics and maintenance personnel drawn for the police and military.

Property Accountability

It remains difficult to track equipment and defense articles received through the 506 drawdown program. The FELCN's record keeping system and procedures are not sophisticated enough to consistently track property from unit to unit and through special operations. The NAS Supply Section has implemented a year-round inventory program to track non-expendable items issued to all supported projects, which will cover some 80% of what is issued. The NAS continues to support FELCN Logistics by keeping parallel records using the NEPA property accountability system and extensive warehouse facilities.

Program Changes

Interdiction

Funding reductions and the need to conserve resources for critical areas such as vehicles, training and infrastructure has led to reductions in the number of FELCN personnel, with little noticeable impact on operational results. Selective cutbacks have allowed post to equip and support the remaining 1,600 police agents adequately. The recent cuts imposed on BDTF were greater, but still allowed the BDTF to retain a modest capacity to operate in areas where the only practical transportation means are by river.

Demand Reduction

The NAS is expanding its demand reduction project by assisting the GOB interministerial committee on drug prevention to develop and implement a national program; expanding DARE to more schools and communities; supporting public awareness campaigns that stress that threat of domestic drug consumption; working with NGO's to develop a drug prevention network nationwide; and working with NGO's and universities to train Bolivian prevention and rehabilitation experts. The NAS is also funding periodic independent studies to determine drug consumption and public attitudes in Boliviain order to develop the appropriate context for Embassy strategies.

Management Practices

In August 2005, NAS contracted with a management consultant company to train an NAS FSN staff on effective management practices to achieve ISO 9000 certification by the end of FY-2006.

Impact

Eradication

Forced eradication in the Chapare (once Bolivia's principal region for the cultivation of illegal coca) is the sine qua non of any realistic Bolivian counternarcotics strategy. Successive Bolivian Governments have been unable to move beyond the planning stages for controlling coca cultivation in the Yungas. The GOB reported that 6,073 hectare-equivalents of coca cultivation were eradicated in the Tropico in 2005. Overall, coca cultivation increased 8% from 2004 to 26,500 hectares however, and the potential cocaine production from Bolivian cultivation rose slightly to 70 MT; in the coming years, this amount should rise rapidly as newly planted coca matures.

Interdiction

In 2005, the FELCN seized 887 MT of coca leaf, 11.5 MT of cocaine/base and 34.4 MT of cannabis, as well as 540,774 liters of liquid precursor chemicals (acetone, diesel, ether, etc) and 298,815 MT of solid precursor chemicals (sulfuric acid, bicarbonate of soda, etc). FELCN also destroyed 2,619 cocaine labs and made 4,376 arrests in over 6,294 operations.

Law Enforcement Development

During 2005, the NAS Law Enforcement Development Project (LEDP) supported effective reform within the Bolivian National Police through its Offices for Professional Responsibility and the related Tribunals, handling internal discipline matters while promoting positive police-community relations. The LEDP also continued its multi-year training project for police and prosecutors, along lines defined in a 2002 NAS survey that includes courses on Human Rights. In addition, LEDP is working from a new curriculum developed with the MILGP and DEA for the CN training school, Garras de Valor. In compliance with the new Educational Police system (SEP), LEDP trained final-year cadets from the National Police Academy (ANAPOL) in four different investigation areas as well as in Human Rights. The LEDP also worked with local actors, including the International Organization for Immigration (IOM) and Bolivian NGOs, to promote the development of a GOB proposal addressing the means to attack Trafficking in Persons (TIP). LEDP staff participated in the development of the second TIP law (promulgated in early 2006) that broadened the legal basis to reflect international commitments. Furthermore, the LEDP implements a new Human rights and Human Dignity training plan for cadets in their final year at ANAPOL and provides similar training to Joint Eradication Task Force Members who provide security during forced eradication operations.

LIMA

Procedures

Inventory Management

NAS Logistics is an eight-person Logistics Section headed by an American Personal Services Contract (PSC) employee. The Logistics Section is charged with customs clearances; shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks and drafting the annual End Use Monitoring report.

The Logistics database contains detailed information on commodities and End Use Monitoring inspection visits. It can be sorted by location to facilitate End Use Monitoring spot-checks. NAS Logistics manages warehouse facilities in Pucallpa and at the Lima airport and has extensive security controls in place in these locations.

The NAS staff performs regular and ad hoc End Use Monitoring inspections throughout the year. Participants include project advisors and directors of all NAS programs. Aviation assets are inspected by NAS Logistics and 12 U.S. hired American Personal Services Contractors (Field Advisor security specialists). A U.S. Coast Guard PASA shares responsibility for End Use Monitoring of Riverine assets with the Logistics Section. Two eradication and alternative development advisors and a program specialist monitor commodities and assets donated to CORAH (Coca Reduction Project) and its subdivision, CADA (Coca Measurement Corps). The Institute of Tropical Corps is a non-governmental organization dedicated to improving crops that can be substituted for coca. This project is monitored by the NAS Eradication Advisor. INL's Regional Communications Adviser conducts spot checks during the year to verify the condition and location of communications equipment. MAAG personnel visit military installations to perform spot checks on Defense Articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and Drug Police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP).

On-site Inspections

During 2005, NAS Logistics visited 43 counterpart sites in 12 different cities and conducted inspections of 3,092 donated items out of a total of 5,619 items subject to inspection. The NAS visited all sites containing large concentrations of equipment and targeted any site where discrepancies had been noted in the past. Inspection results were compared to existing NAS inventories to produce a computerized list of discrepancies. These discrepancies were reported to the appropriate NAS program adviser and counterparts.

NAS Logistics submits a final report to the program advisor of the project for follow-up action to locate any shortages and/or to correct errors. Throughout the year, logistics also tasked Peruvian counterparts to submit up-to-date inventories, including the location and condition information of all donated commodities. Some counterparts maintain vehicles and equipment in their inventories that have outlived the useful life span. The NAS routinely encourages counterparts to dispose of outdated and worn-out equipment by auction and to replace these items. In addition, the NAS reminds all counterparts of established guidelines for replacement of equipment. Most Peruvian governmental and other counterparts submitted detailed inventories. These submissions are compared to existing records and the results of physical inspections were used to update the NAS databases.

The Embassy's Management Section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project (NAS) personal property maintained on the Embassy's NEPA system. A NAS administrative assistant oversees non-project, non-expendable personal property. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of NAS personal property at Forward Operating Bases and locations. During 2005, property book inventories of NAS program materials consisting of 5,064 items (out of 6766) were completed in Pucallpa, Iquitos, and Lima.

Status

All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counternarcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting End Use Monitoring inspections of counterpart sites, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials. In addition, the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.

Vehicles

The NAS Logistics maintains an inventory of about 662 vehicles nationwide, and tracks and/or supports in part about 395 project vehicles, and 191 motorcycles and 76 program vehicles. The vast majority of the vehicles are provided to various elements of the central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA). CORAH/CADA has 63 vehicles and 29 motorcycles in their inventory. The Instituto de Cultivos Tropicles (ICT) has four vehicles and 21 motorcycles. Three vehicles are beyond their useful lives. They will be disposed of by auction. The Ministry of Education and Judicial Prosecutors, the Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.

The NAS employs a FSN motor vehicle maintenance supervisor under the Logistics Section, who is responsible for tracking NAS project vehicles, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing preventive maintenance advice. Aviation personnel have overall responsibility for all aircraft, tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, and forklifts, including preventive maintenance.

The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance when requesting NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Funding is not provided if the preventive maintenance has not been performed.

In 2005, NAS Logistics disposed of 18 inoperative/obsolete police vehicles and five NAS program vehicles. The 18 DIRANDO vehicles were sold at public auction under the supervision of NAS Logistics and resulted in $58,000 being returned to the NAS Police Program. There exists an additional 14 inoperative/obsolete counterpart vehicles being prepared for auction and /or disposal. Any funds received will be returned to the program in accordance with regulations.

Communications Equipment

In 2005, the NAS continued to monitor the use and maintenance of radio equipment to support interdiction and eradication missions provided to the Police and CORAH. The equipment is being used to support counternarcotics operations.

Computer Equipment

The NAS continues to upgrade computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressers and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts in improving internal communications through LANs and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems. These help to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork, and provide more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and upgraded as needed as funds permit.

Additional project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU's) in 2002. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year. They did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.

Defense Articles

Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 200 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO. All weapons were inspected and accounted for.

Riverine-The DOD-equipped 7 Riverine Interdiction Units consist of 17 personnel, four Boston Whaler type boats and a floating maintenance facility. The program also provides for improvements to existing Coast Guard and Drug Police infrastructure to support Riverine operations, including office space renovation and repairs to existing equipment. The NAS, DEA, and MAAG program coordinators conduct frequent field visits to observe training, equipment use and storage practices for all GOP forces. The level of maintenance of donated equipment has been marginally satisfactorily. The GOP has not funded minor outfitting or consumable expenses (fuel, MRE's, or medical supplies), or kept life safety equipment in good repair. As a result, post has decided to re-direct its assets to the ports.

Aircraft

The NAS supports a total of 19 USG-owned INL Air Wing UH-1 and UH-II helicopters that are operated by the National Police Aviation Directorate (DIVAVPOL) for counternarcotics interdiction and eradication missions. INL rotary wing assets are based at the Main Operating Base (MOB) in Pucallpa where all major helicopter maintenance is performed. In Lima, there is one fixed wing aircraft B 1900 D twin-engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying 19 passengers or cargo. The C-208 is not pressurized. GOP police MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are also used for counternarcotics operations. As needed, the NAS rents small aircraft to move personnel and cargo to locations east of the Andes.

NAS Aviation Program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp, performed support and End Use Monitoring activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2005. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft. No diversion of NAS-purchased parts and equipment has been detected. On one occasion, several aircraft parts for the C-208 fixed wing aircraft were stolen by an employee. A sting operation by DynCorp and local police was conducted successfully. The aircraft parts were recovered and the employee received a jail term for stealing. A 100 percent inventory for 2005 was completed. All items have been bar-coded and entered into the inventory control software program.

During 2005, NAS Lima received 6 Super UH-II's. It will receive 13 more in 2006. Two modified GOP C-26's, arrived in Peru in 2005. These aircraft received upgrades that included refurbishment of the aircraft, and the installation of FLIR (Forward Looking Infrared), which will greatly assist in counternarcotics operations. The C-26's are owned by the Peruvian Air Force.

In March 2005, MAAG Peru (DOD) conducted an End Use Monitoring inventory of 24 Dragonfly A-37 aircraft. Two other aircraft were lost to attrition; three are being used as static displays.

In 2005, the Aviation Program helicopters (UH-1H and UH-II) logged 6,071 hours. The total hours for aircraft flown were 7,696 hours.

Fuel

The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1 and UH-II helicopters and the fixed-wing aircraft. The NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures of fuel stocks for aviation. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has strict ordering, receiving and payment procedures. In 2005, $2,250,000 was spent on the purchase of aviation fuel. An additional $840,000 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to forward locations. The NAS in-house quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through daily, weekly and monthly testing, weekly spot-checks and monthly audits. Additionally, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) conducts quarterly inspections of DOD quality assurance of all in-plane contracts, which includes both NAS BPA's. All meet or exceed standards established by DLA.

The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from seven locations in Peru, nine of which are east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa and has a maximum Jet-A capacity of 41,000 gallons. Tingo Maria has a capacity of 20,000 gallons of Jet-A1. Aguaytia has 4,700; Santa Lucia has 20,000; Mazamari has 17,000; Mazuco has 12,000; and Pichari has 14,500. All locations have CORAH-contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS embassy Field Coordinator in Pucallpa. The NAS Petroleum Logistics Advisor visits allocations at least quarterly. Prior to 2005, the NAS stored both 100-Ll and Jet-A1. This practice has stopped since all USG-provided aircraft use only Jet A1.

The NAS also purchases fuel for the Riverine Program for use by PNP and Coast Guard Riverine Unit. However, the fuel purchased in 2005 was considerably less than in previous years due to the shift in emphasis to Ports Interdiction. NAS Riverine fuel is stored at PNP and at Coast Guard floating facilities as well.

Construction

The NAS provides construction support to advance counternarcotics operations through CORAH personnel. During 2005, CORAH carried out 39 projects at a cost of $1,376,965. This included 7 projects for aviation, 22 for the police program, 4 for the Riverine Program, 3 for CORAH facilities and 3 for community support projects. In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purposes.

NAS-funded infrastructure improvement projects have been conducted at DIRANDRO Police bases in Santa Lucia, Tingo Maria, Palma Pampa and Mazamari. Improvements included construction of barracks, electrification of bases, security perimeter fences, water purification systems, improvements of medical facilities, ammunition storage areas, and miscellaneous refurbishing.

Weapons

Weapons provided for the use of DIRANDO and DINANDRO (National and Provincial Drug Police) units that participate in the counternarcotics program are surveyed periodically by NAS and MAAG representatives. There are no indications that the weapons are being used for other than intended purposes. All monitorable equipment is in serviceable condition. The NAS monitors 200 M-60 machine guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DKA, 12 Smith & Wesson 357 cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO (DS). The NAS, with INL approval, provided non-lethal weapons to the PNP (DIRANDRO). The non-lethal weapons include 12 complete Pepperball systems.

Riverine

The DOD equipped 7 Riverine Interdiction Units consist of 17 personnel, 4 Boston Whaler type boats and a floating maintenance facility. The program provided for improvements to existing Coast Guard and Drug Police infrastructure to support Riverine operations, including office space renovation and repairs to existing equipment. The NAS and MAAG program coordinators conduct periodic field visits to observe training, equipment, use and storage practices for all GOP forces. The level of maintenance of donated equipment has been marginally satisfactory. The GOP has not funded minor outfitting of Riverine equipment or consumable expenses (fuel, MRE's or medical supplies), or kept life safety equipment in good repair. As a consequence, post has decided to redirect its assets to the ports. Problems

Customs Clearance

Due to changes in Peru's Customs regulations implemented in 2003, the average clearance time for counternarcotics materials increased from 24 hours to three or four days, causing an increase in bonded warehouse storage charges. In 2005, the Logistics Management Adviser received signature authority for the processing of Customs documentation which reduced the average processing time to the original 24 hours and as little as six hours, thus reducing bonded warehouse charges by over 50 percent.

Tracking database

During End Use Monitoring inspection visits of police sites, Logistics noted that several units were lacking qualified personnel and/or were poorly equipped to track property. Logistics has proposed and received approval to assist these units by supplying excess NAS computer systems, an in-house developed database, training for tracking materials, and assistance in developing procedures.

Logistics noted that some counterpart sites, (mostly Police Units) had received hi-tech office equipment, i.e., copy machines, fax machines and printer. Because of toner cost and high maintenance, some machines were not in use. In the later part of 2001, Logistics proposed the review of purchasing practices in an attempt to provide the counterpart with simpler equipment that is easier to maintain and represents a lower cost, especially for remote counterpart sites. Although the situation improved during 2002, the problem still exists.

Santa Lucia Police Base

The Police has and continues to upgrade the base at Santa Lucia. However, NAS Aviation is concerned as the runway continues to be a safety problem. Aviation is looking for funding to have it resurfaced as the FAP C-26 cannot land at that site and there is a lack of runway lighting.

Riverine

In 2002, a Bilateral Peru Riverine Program (BPRP) was implemented to provide guidance to the GOP to conduct Riverine counter narcotics interdiction operations. Major commodities provided include safety/emergency equipment, fuel, boat spare parts and spare engines, police boat overhauls. Due to limited success in Riverine operations in previous years, the NAS shifted emphasis from Riverine to Port interdictions. Therefore, NAS Riverine funded very limited Riverine operations in 2005. For 2005, program support was limited to basic maintenance and infrastructure support in addition to the support for specific counternarcotics operations.

In early 2005, MAAG donated the Riverine Coordination Center (RCC) located in Iquitos to the GOP. Delays in donating this last USG-held vestige of the Riverine program were caused by the very slow progress made towards the signing of a PNP-Peruvian Coast Guard joint operation accord, which defines how the RCC will be operated and be staffed by both services.

Fraudulent Documentation

The DIRANDO Police Inspector General (IG) investigated cases involving DIRANDO police submission of fraudulent documentation that resulted in new DIRANDO policies implemented to safeguard NAS-donate equipment.

Tracking database

During End Use Monitoring inspection visits of police sites, NAS Logistics noted that several units were lacking qualified personnel and /or were poorly equipped to track property. Some police units have shown improvement in this area. NAS logistics completed the necessary software needed in remote areas and had planned training sessions. However, DIRANDRO has been going through extensive restructuring. The issue is on hold until exact needs can be clearly identified as a result of the restructuring.

Maintenance of high-tech equipment

During End Use Monitoring inspections, Logistics noted that the Police were not using some of the high-tech equipment, e.g., copy machines, fax machines, etc. because of high maintenance costs. The technical level of the equipment donated to the Police has been re-evaluated. Emphasis is now given to lower cost, low maintenance units. This is helping to resolve the issue.

Impact

INL project funds provided through the NAS are the sole source of support for CORAH, including all coca eradication and all activities of CADA, CORAH's subsidiary for coca measurement and verification. CORAH's coca measurement and verification mission has been expanded to support the Auto-Eradication and Alternative Development program sponsored by the GOP and funded by USAID. CORAH conducted a total of 311 eradication missions during 2005, eradicating over 8,966 hectares. The NAS completely funds all coca eradication, and all the activities of CADA for coca measurement and eradication verification east of the Andes. While the GOP provides significant resources in support of counternarcotics activities, it does not provide any funding for CORAH and its eradication activities. CORAH conducted a total of 351 eradication missions during 2004, eradicating over 10,338 hectares. The Government of Peru eradicated 12,232 hectares in 2005. This is the combined result of Programmed Eradication and CADA supported Auto-Eradication.

The Government of Peru has had continued success throughout the year in conducting law enforcement operations. Over the period, the price of coca leaf has dropped from 120 Nuevos Soles to 40 Nuevos Soles in the Apurimac/Ene Valley. The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:

Coca

9 hectares

Opium eradicated

98 hectares

Coca leaf seized

1,525 metric tons

Cocaine HCL seized

11 metric tons

Cocaine base/paste seized

4 metric tons

Illicit laboratories destroyed/seized

1,126

Cocaine base/labs

1,104

Cocaine HCL labs

22

The aviation program continues to be the cornerstone of the counternarcotics program. Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the 16 INL helicopters, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in many coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added an element of unpredictability needed to safely operate in areas of resistance to eradication missions.

The End Use Monitoring program for CY-2005 was very successful. It revealed that resources provided to the counternarcotics counterparts were properly used, maintained, and accounted for and permitted detection of those few cases in which irregularities surfaced. The most important message given to post's counterparts is that the USG is vigilant and has a system in place to accurately monitor donated commodities.

MONTEVIDEO

Procedures

During the year, embassy officers performed spot checks and an annual on-site inspection at the Coast Guard (Prefectura) and at the Uruguayan Anti-Drug Unit, Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID). These agencies provide an annual inventory report, which specifies the use, status, and location of all equipment supplied by the USG. The Embassy maintains contact with these officials throughout the year with regards to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status.

Status

Computer and Communications Equipment

Most of the computers are in good condition. Embassy-provided computers are used by accountants to monitor financial drug-related activities, by analysts looking for drug-related activities, and for general office use. Computers are also used to network with the Ministry of Public Health in an information-sharing program concerning sale and distribution of potential drug precursors.

Some of the older, renovated computers have been sent to local police stations to improve communication and data sharing. A number of older printers are also out-of-service; but new donations are replacing these older machines at a reasonable pace.

The Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) maintains computer equipment, a monitor, a specialized printer, and software for the analysis of financial transactions provided jointly by the USG and Organization of American States (OAS) in 1999 and 2000. The computer equipment is located at its headquarters in Montevideo, where it is very well maintained.

In 2000, post donated 10 computers and monitors, 8 printers, and two servers to the Prefectura. All of these are still in use, with the exception of one printer that broke and is too expensive to repair. The printers are in use within the Prefectura's headquarters in Montevideo and have also been distributed to Prefectura stations along Uruguay's main river and oceanfront ports of entry.

Through this expanded network, border officers have gained improved access to the Prefectura's database and more timely and thorough analysis of data and border crossing patterns of potential drug traffickers. Currently, only data for individuals is contained within the system. Prefectura would like to install automatic cameras at Uruguay's busiest border crossings to photograph each vehicle as it enters or exits the country.

Post purchased 10 computers in 2002 for use in Prefectura's main headquarters and to replace the computers from 2000 that are being distributed to the border areas. These computers are primarily used to form the database's central information backbone. A Prefectura employee developed this database after post-sponsored computer courses. Post purchased scanners, digital cameras, external hard drive, modems, and other computer hardware that are strengthening the quantity and quality of information in the database as well as its accessibility to border posts.

Seventy percent of Prefectura equipment is in use. Equipment purchased in 1988/1999 has been upgraded and is still in use at Prefectura offices in the interior.

BCU maintains computer equipment, a monitor, a specialist printer and software for analysis of financial transactions provided by the USG and the OAS in 1999 and 2000.

The two computers and printer located at the Ministry of Public Health are used for precursor chemical permits and are in good condition.

The National Drug Secretariat personal computers obtained in 1988 are no longer in use. The Ministry of Public Health maintains two personal computers systems and a printer provided by the USG in 1999. The equipment is located in Montevideo and serves basic administrative tasks.

Vehicles

Thirteen vehicles have been donated to DGRTID, including three motorcycles. Through an innovative exchange program with major car dealerships in Uruguay, the vehicles are traded in for new models every two years at virtually no charge. Through this program, vehicles have been exchanged, thus maintaining a young, low-maintenance fleet of vehicles.

The Uruguayan Coast Guard (Prefectura) maintains two trucks, one sedan, and two motorcycles provided by INL in 1999. The two motorcycles are in poor shape. There is no funding to exchange them for new ones. Prefectura mechanics used cannibalized space parts from motorcycles to reassemble the other.

The National Drug Secretariat (SND) maintains a vehicle donated by post in 1988.

Patrol Boats

The Prefectura operates the two Cape Class patrol boats along the Uruguay River and the coast. They are in good condition. The Prefectura operates two motorized rafts out of Montevideo.

Miscellaneous Equipment

Typewriters, electronic surveillance system, videocassette recorders, video cameras, photocopiers, fax machines, night vision devices, camcorders, air conditioning unit, narcotics test kits, cadaver kits, electronic scales, air conditioning units. fingerprint kits, 6 fiber optic borescopes, metal detector police assault gear, protective gear, voltage regulators, radio, transformers plus other support equipment (including desks and chairs, binoculars, flashlights and handcuffs), communication monitoring systems, bullet-proof vests, protective outerwear, UPS, weight balance, have been donated to the DRGTID and the Prefectura.

In general, the equipment is in good condition. Out-of-date electronic equipment has been replaced with newer, more useful models. The handcuffs and other police equipment could be replaced.

The following equipment was donated to the Ministry of Interior (the Direccion Nacional de Identification Civil) for use in improving immigration controls and databases: channel storage system (2); hard drive (2); IEC cord (2); storageworks modular SAN array controller (2); storageworks Modular SAN array controller (2); multi-mode fiber channel cable (8).

The Embassy has donated other equipment to assist with investigations, including multi-channel digital logger, drug test kits, cadaver kits, fingerprint kits, 6 fiber optic borescopes and a metal detector. Most of this equipment is centralized in Montevideo, although some equipment is used in Prefectura stations outside the capital.

Canines

The Prefectura's canine program has 26 dogs, 10 in MVD and 16 in the Frontier Office. The Prefectua carries out dog performance controls and training activities on a yearly basis. It breeds its own puppies and donates to good homes ones that are no longer useful.

Impact

INL equipment has made a significant impact in the Government of Uruguay (GOU) counternarcotics effort, particularly through improved border control and tracking of persons. Computer equipment provided to the DGRTID and the Prefectura forms comprehensive information networks that improve data sharing between Uruguay's ports of entry and central resources in Montevideo. Without INL funding and assistance, many anti-narcotics projects would not be possible or would lack depth.

DGRTID records show that 1,215 individuals were arrested in 2005 for drug trafficking activities; 354 were prosecuted. Yearly seizures in the internal markets reached nearly 95,000 grams of heroin, 39,000 grams of cocaine, 34,000 grams of pasta base, 15grams of LSD, 856 dozes of ecstasy, 399 cannibis plants, and 51 grams of hashish.

At the Carrasco International Airport, 14,000 grams of cocaine and one shipment of 15,000 grams of heroin bounded for the US were seized.

PARAMARIBO

Procedures

Receiving law enforcement agencies sign documentation confirming receipt of all materials and committing to using the INL-funded resources for their sated purposes. Receipt includes serial numbers, quantities, and expected end-use. Post, including the Narcotics Coordinator's Office and RSO office, conduct on-site inspections including periodic spot checks. DEA Curacao/San Juan visit post regularly and monitor the use and status of the vehicles, equipment and furniture. The Suriname Police Force (KPS) and other law enforcement agencies accommodate visits from Embassy personnel. The Embassy maintains contact with law enforcement officials throughout the year with regards to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status. Post reports periodically via cable on various End Use Monitoring activities.

Status

The majority of INL equipment donated in CY-05 and previous years is used by various units within the Surinamese Police Force, including the Narcotics Brigade, Police Liaison Unit, Special Investigations Units, Financial Investigative Unit, and Forensics Unit.

Computer Equipment

The following computer equipment was provided to the Government of Suriname (GOS) law enforcement agencies in 2005: 41 PC Intel Pentiums 4, 37 color monitors, Criminal Records Database System, two ASUS Mypal Pocket PC, 6 biometric fingerprint scanners, one server, 4 workstations, 1 laser printer, 37 UPS, 37 CD drivers, 1 Dell notebook including document management, investigation, and fingerprinting matching software.

The following computer equipment was provided to the Surinamese Police Force in prior years: 15 computers, one computer scanner, computer software and supplies for vehicles database, 2 Laser network scanners, one16-port network switch, one Microsoft Windows 2003 server, one Microsoft windows 2000 professional, two printers. Four CPUs, monitor, keyboard, etc, were provided to the Financial Intelligence Unit in prior years.

Communications Equipment

The following communications equipment was provided to the GOS laws enforcement agencies: 60 Motorola Pro 5550 portable units, 3 multi rapid charger units, 10 single MTS rapid charges, 20 portable antennas, 20 single GTX radio chargers, 7 power supply mobile spectra radios, 100 MTS portable batteries, 100 GTX batteries, 40 dispatch centers batteries, 12 repeater site batteries, 8 repeater batteries, 2 Micro wave links, 4 X-tra talk radios.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The following miscellaneous equipment was provided to the GOS law enforcement agencies in 2005: 2 copy machines (FIU); 2 four-drawer file cabinets (FIU); 1 VCR/DVD, 1 television for instructional videos (FOT); renovation of Police Academy building (KPS); translation equipment, 50 one channel wireless receivers (KPS).

The following computer equipment was provided to the Surinamese Police Force in prior years: 4 home office UPS systems; 2 micro cassette recorders; 2 digital handy cam camcorders; 4 Xtra talk radios; 3 binoculars; 10 traffic vests; 20 second chance body armor; 12 electrodes batons ASP; 12 universal handcuffs, 12 expandable baton holder; 6 fax machines; 4 Polaroid cameras; scanner; 1 shredder; 1 conference table; 7 chairs; 5 office desks; 5 office chairs; drug test kits; handcuffs; Maglights.

Vehicles

One 1996 Toyota Landcruiser Station Wagon, a 1997 Toyota Landcruiser pickup and a reconditioned 1993 Toyota Corolla are in use by the KPS. The vehicles are used by police units for basic transportation needs enabling them to respond more rapidly to urgent situations.

Impact

The KPS and other law enforcement entities receiving assistance use all resources provided in an effective manner. They are extremely appreciative of all assistance. The INL program has strengthened GOS' institutional capacity to make real progress in its fight against narcotics trafficking and related crimes within its border. In 2005, the GOS more than doubled its seizures of cocaine over the previous calendar year and dismantled various significant trafficking organizations by successfully prosecuting three major drug traffickers and dozens of associates in three high profile drug cases.

QUITO

Procedures

Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the National Police Anti-Drug (DNA) and Intelligence Divisions to allow close monitoring of donated material. New procurement and property management procedures are being drafted to address the large increase in activity in both areas.

Status

The information on INL-funded resources is derived from information submitted by the National Anti-Drug Police Units. NAS personnel will verify this information in the course of affixing labels to donated commodities over the next few months. The more intensive End Use Monitoring activity made possible by increased staffing in 2002 revealed the loss of some commodities that had not been divulged to NAS previously. All of these items had been assigned to individual police department personnel. The cases have been referred to police administrative judges for determination of responsibility.

Defense Articles

The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.

The DNA has received 700 SIG Sauer 9mm pistols via 506 (A) drawdown. They are distributed to ENP offices as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Pichincha (95); SIU (45); Sucumbios (15); Manta (25); Santo Domingo (5); Esmeraldas (10); Imbabura (21); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (15); El Oro (20); Azuay (10); Napo (5); Loja (30); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (10); Mascaillas (5); Puyo (7); Morona Santiago (5); DNA Warehouse (162).

Weapons/ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-Drug Division (DNA) received 170 Beretta 9MM pistols from the USMILGP in 2000. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Guayaquil (20); Pichincha (27); Santo Domingo (5); Orellana (10); Manabi (5); Azuay (5); Los Rios (5); IOS (5); Tungurahua (5); Carchi (5); Imbabura (5); Esmeraldes (15); Morona Santiago (5); Sucumbios (10); Mascarillas 9; Galapagos (4); Canar (5); DNA Warehouse (30).

The USMILGP also donated 500 Colt-AR15 M-16 as part of the 506 (a) drawdown. They were distributed to ENP units as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Sucumbios (30); Manta (15); Esmeraldas (20); Imbabura (20); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (10); El Oro (10); Pichincha (95); Azuay (5); Napo (5); Loja (20); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (5); Morona Santiago (5); SIU (5); Paztaza (6); DNA warehouse (54).

The DNA received 519 flak vests from the 506 (a) Drawdown in 1999. They were distributed as follows: SIU (40); GEMA (100); Pichincha (70); Guayaquil (70); Machala (7); Carchi (26); Manta (20); Macarillas (5); Imbabura (9); Santo Domingo (5); Canar (10); Azuay (10); Esmeraldas (9); El Oro (12); Napo (5); Sucumbios (7); Los Rios (5); Chimborazo (5); DNA (17); DNA warehouse (87).

The DNA received 469 helmets from the 506 (a) Drawdown. They were distributed to the various ENP offices as follows: GEMA (120); Carchi (19); Imbabura (6); Esmeraldas (6); Santo Domingo (5); Manta (12); Sucumbios (12); Mascarillas (5); Pichincha (42); Guayaquil (50); El Oro (7); Azuay (10); Canar (10); Machala (7); Napo (5); Morona Santiago (5); GOE (20); GIR (45); Manabi (15); Tunguragua (6); Chimborazo (5); DNA (50); DNA Warehouse (7).

The NAS donated 100 HMMWV's and 51 five-ton trucks to the Ecuadorian Army in 2003 for northern border use. One HMMWV and one truck were lost overboard during transit to Ecuador; one HMMWV was wrecked after it was transferred to the GOE. Nineteen additional HMMWV's and 26 additional five-ton trucks were donated to the Ecuadorian Marine and Air Force units in 2004. These vehicles are assigned to Ecuadorian military units at the following locations:

HMMWV's-Tulcan (12); Santa Cecilia (12); Esmeraldes (30); Lago Agrio (12); Putumayo (6); Latacunga (5); Ibarro (12); Coca (4); Shushufindi (6); San Lorenzo (7); Machachi (5); Manta (3); Military Maintenance shop (3).

Five-ton Trucks-Tulcan (5); Santa Cecelia (5); Esmeraldas (23); Lago Agrio (5); Ibarro (4); Putumayo (2); Quevedo (4); Latacunga (3); Shushufindi (6); San Lorenzo (13); and Military Maintenance shop (6).

The Ecuadorian Army (19th Jungle Brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated by the NAS in FY-2002. The equipment is in Quito undergoing tests.

Vehicles

The NAS provides support for all USG-donated vehicles totaling 204 cars/trucks/vans buses and 61 motorcycles. In 2005, the NAS purchased 32 vehicles and 10 motorcycles. Only 130 vehicles and 56 motorcycles are operable. They are assigned to the following counternarcotics units throughout Ecuador: Pichincha (49); Guayas (16); (2); Manab (2); Carchi (6); Esmeraldas (3); El Ora (2); Loja (3); Azuay (2); Tugurahua (1); Imbabura (2); Cotopaxi (1); Sucumios (3); Napo (1); GEMA (16); SIU (18); Coac (5).

Seventy-four vehicles will be put up for auction in 2006 because they are beyond their useful lives.

The NAS received reports of one stolen donated motorcycle in 2005. The loss is being handled by the National Police in accordance with their standing policy regarding lost equipment. The policy entails personal liability and reimbursement in the case of culpable negligence.

Five motorcycles will be put up for auction in 2006 because they are beyond their reasonable operational lives. In addition, there are two motorcycles qualified as scrap.

In support of the peace-keeping troops working under the United Nations in Haiti, the Ecuadorian Army (ECA) sent, without NAS permission, five USG-donated 5-ton trucks to Haiti. With host country funds, the ECA has since purchased sixty 5-ton trucks from the same excess U.S. military lot as the trucks donated by NAS. Five of the 60 trucks will replace those sent to Haiti. Those replacement trucks are currently in the Military Maintenance Shop being reconditioned for deployment to various units. The NAS and Embassy Quito's MILGP will ensure that the replacement trucks are accurately accounted for in inventory and future End Use Monitoring reports. Post will follow-up with a planned course of action.

The NAS has established Blanket Purchase Orders (BPA's) with several repair shops. Repair and maintenance needs are evaluated by NAS personnel and the vehicles are sent to appropriate shops for the necessary work. The NAS keeps records of vehicle maintenance; maintains a tire stock; and furnishes a fixed amount of fuel for operations by the donated vehicles throughout Ecuador.

Communications Equipment

The NAS currently supports the Ecuadorian National Police communications with 22 repeater stations, 38 base stations, 75 mobile units, 213 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies), 2 manpack HF radios, and 1 HF base radio. All equipment is provided with full accessories. The equipment is distributed throughout the country.

The DNA has 16 HT-1000 and 71 Motorola Saber radios. Twenty of the 71 Saber radios were previously used by the NAS-supported, DHS-guided anti-alien smuggling police intelligence unit (COAC) but were returned to the DNA in 2005.

The Ecuadorian Army (the 19th Jungle brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated in FY-2002. The equipment is currently in Quito undergoing repairs and being upgraded by the manufacturer.

Computer Equipment

The NAS completed the upgrade of the computer equipment. One hundred ninety computers, 53 printers, 111 digital cameras, 14 scanners, 9 servers, 41 laptops were distributed throughout Ecuador at the following antinarcotics facilities:

Computers-Pichincha (100); Guayas (33); Imbabura (4); Carchi (5);Esmeraldas (4); Tungurahua (3); Tunfgurahua (3); Los Rios (2); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (3); Napo (1); Zamora (2); Cotopaxi (3); Chimborazo (2); Orellana (2); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (2) Manabi (9); Loja (1); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); San Lorenzo (1).

Printers-Pichincha (27); Guayas (5); Imbabura (1); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios_(1); El Oro (2); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (1); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (1);Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (1); Galapagos (1).

Digital Cameras-Pichincha (51); Guayas (16); Imbabura (4); Carchi (4); Esmeraldas (3); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (2); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (1); Manabi (6); Loja (3); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1).

Laptops-Pinchincha (20); Guayas (4); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); el Oro (1); Azuay (1); Zamora (1); Chimborzao 1; Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (2); Galapagos (1); Napo (1).

Scanners-Pichinchi (4), Guayas (4); Imbabura (1); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); El Oro (1); Sucumbios (1); Manabi (1).

Servers-Pichincha (7); Guayas (2).

The NAS has not provided the Ecuadorian National Drug Council (CONSEP) with any new equipment since the 2002.

Canine Unit

NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been the pride of the ENP and accounts for nearly all of the drug interdictions in Ecuador. There are 55 dogs in the canine unit donated by the NAS. Two were euthanized in November due to bad health (kidney failure). Most are located at the airports and at checkpoints. They are being maintained better since post demanded that a police vet be removed because of strong indications of malpractice in the death of one of the donated dogs. Civilian vets are now being used.

There are no real problems to report in the dogs' care and maintenance. Dogs periodically come down with intestinal problems that the police like to blame on the food purchased from the U.S.; however, the problem is more likely the result of poor sanitation in the kennels. Post continues to focus on the treatment of dogs, especially on cleanliness of kennels. After consulting with DHS-CBP and UK (Surrey Police Dept) dog experts, post has made the decision to sterilize all dogs.

Vessels

Three 27-foot launches were donated to the Ecuadorian Marines to allow them better capability to patrol the extensive water systems on the border with Mario province in Colombia. All of the boats are located in San Lorenzo.

Miscellaneous

The NAS provided the DNA with five emergency generators. They are in service at the operational units as follows: Pinchincha (1); Guayas (2); Manta (2).

In 2002, the NAS procured 400 sets of pants, shirts, caps, reflective vests, boots, camouflage shirts, ponchos, and belts. They were distributed to operational units in the field. They have been subject to normal attrition, wear and tear.

The NAS provided three portable ion scanners in 2003 and two digital X-ray machines in 2004.

Field gear donated by the NAS is in proper use subject to normal attrition, war and tear.

Problems

Other than continuing problems with the computerized inventory/labeling noted previously, no particular problems were encountered. There are no indications of systemic abuse of human rights involving USG assistance or the recipients of USG assistance.

Impact

U.S. Government assistance is crucial to the counternarcotics program of the ENP. The central funding received from the National Police by the Anti-Drug Division covers only salaries and basic administrative expenses, aside from about 30 vehicles procured for DNA by the ENP in 2002 and 2003. The NAS and DEA provide almost all logistical and operational support to the Ecuadorian National Police Anti-Drug Division.

Drug seizures and arrest statistics for calendar year 2005 were (metric tons):

Seizures

 

 

 

Cocaine hydrochloride

42.11

Coca Base/paste

2.27

Cocaine total

44.68

Heroin

.23

Cannabis

.64

 

 

Arrests

2,752

SANTIAGO

Procedures

The majority of information on the condition and disposal of commodities comes from the National Drug Council (CONACE), which requests and compiles data from the recipient law enforcement agencies. On-site inspections are infrequent, as the small size of the program does not merit resource dedication to monitoring trips. Experience has shown the Chileans to be responsible. Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis.

Status

The host government agencies participating in INL-funded projects are the Chilean Investigative Police (PICH), Chilean Customs Service, the Chilean Uniformed Police (Carabineros), and CONACE. The equipment is deployed in both rural and metropolitan areas in counternarcotics operations.

Vehicles

The Carabineros' Chevrolet LUV pickup in El Loa is in poor condition.

Communications Equipment

Of the four walkie-talkie radios located in Africa, three are in fair condition and one is in good condition. The two walkie-talkies in Calama are in good condition. They are not currently in use.

The Police have one radio scanner, one base station (fair condition), four walkie-talkies, and two hand-held high radios (fair condition). Customs has one base station in fair condition.

Carabineros has four telephone systems in five locations. Three are in good condition; one is in fair condition. It also has seven telephone message systems in five locations. They are in fair to good condition.

Computers

The Carabineros has 32 computers and one server in 17 locations. All are in good condition. Carabineros has three laptops and two printers in Santiago. CONACE has one computer and two printers in storage. They are all in good condition.

Miscellaneous Equipment

The Police have one antenna tuner and one helicoidal type antenna in Calama. Carabineros has three night vision visors: one in Antofagasta; one in El Loa; and one in Valparaiso. Customs maintains 12 probing mirrors in 8 locations. Customs maintains 30 digital scales in 15 locations. It also has two VCR's and one television in Valparaiso. Carabineros maintains one projector, one VCR, three fax machines; ten tape recorders; two electric typewriters; one motion detector, one television, two GPS' and one calculator. Each is in good condition, except for one of the fax machines. Carabineros has three binoculars in good condition; eight cameras in Santiago; and one in Valparaisou. The Police maintain three night vision goggles: one in Valparaiso; one in Concepcion; and one in Punta Arenas. They also maintain three GPS'.

Impact

Despite many "good" classifications, much of the equipment is nearing the end of its useful life. Post continues to review counternarcotics equipment needs and procurement capabilities of the police forces to determine what further material assistance is warranted.



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